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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Possibly from *pewH- (to mow, harvest) +‎ *-rós (compare Latin putō (to prune (trees), scour (wool)), Latvian pļaũt (to mow, harvest)), or perhaps *ph₂-u-ró-s, from *peh₂- (to strike)[1]. Alternatively borrowed from Proto-Semitic (compare Hebrew בָּר(bar, wheat), Arabic بُرّ(burr, wheat)), or a Wanderwort[2].


*puHrós m[3]

  1. wheat


nominative *puHrós
genitive *puHrósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *puHrós *puHróh₁ *puHróes
vocative *puHré *puHróh₁ *puHróes
accusative *puHróm *puHróh₁ *puHróms
genitive *puHrósyo *? *puHróHom
ablative *puHréad *? *puHrómos
dative *puHróey *? *puHrómos
locative *puHréy, *puHróy *? *puHróysu
instrumental *puHróh₁ *? *puHrṓys


  • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • Proto-Germanic:
  • Proto-Hellenic: *pʰurós (< metathesized *pHurós[4])
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *puHrás


  1. ^ Janda, Michael (2000) Eleusis: Das Indogermanische Erbe Der Mysterien (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; 86) (in German), Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, pages 39-43
  2. ^ Schwyzer, Eduard (1939, 1950) Griechische Grammatik: auf der Grundlage von Karl Brugmanns Griechischer Grammatik (Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft; 1, part 3) (in German), München: C. H. Beck, page 53
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “pū-ro-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 850
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page πῡρός of 1203-1204