Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sísdeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thematic i-reduplicated verb of the root *sed-.

Verb[edit]

*sísdeti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be sitting down

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic, active only
3rd singular *sísdeti
3rd plural *sísdonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *sísdoh₂ *sísdom *sísdōh₂ *sísdoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *sísdesi *sísdes *sísde *sísdēsi *sísdoys
3rd singular *sísdeti *sísdet *sísdetu *sísdēti *sísdoyt
1st dual *sísdowos *sísdowe *sísdōwos *sísdoywe
2nd dual *sísdetes *sísdetom *sísdetom *sísdētes *sísdoytom
3rd dual *sísdetes *sísdetām *sísdetām *sísdētes *sísdoytām
1st plural *sísdomos *sísdome *sísdōmos *sísdoyme
2nd plural *sísdete *sísdete *sísdete *sísdēte *sísdoyte
3rd plural *sísdonti *sísdont *sísdontu *sísdōnti *sísdoyh₁n̥t
Participle *sísdonts

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *sind- (apparently reformed as a nasal-infix present)
  • Hellenic: *hízdō (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *síždati (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *sizdō (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press