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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to stand still
  2. to harden

Derived terms[edit]

  • *stebʰ-h₁-yé-ti (essive present)
  • *stobʰ-néH-ti (transitive perfective)
  • *stebʰ-lóm
  • *stóbʰ-o-s
    • Germanic: *stabaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Iranian: *stabtH (hard; firm, stmg harsh, cruel; savage, fierce)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *stebʰ-r̥-os
    • *stabr̥aH
      • Old Persian: [Term?]
        • Middle Persian:
          • Zoroastrian Middle Persian: [script needed] (stabr)
          • Manichaean Middle Persian: 𐫙𐫘𐫤𐫁𐫡(ʾstbr /istabr/)


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*stebʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 588-589
  2. ^