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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.






  1. sterile, infertile

Alternative reconstructions


Derived terms

  • *ster-íh₂-s
  • *stér-ō ~ *str̥-nés[2][3]
    • Proto-Germanic: *sterǭ (see there for further descendants)
  • *stér-wont-s ~ *str-unt-és
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *stárwans
      • Proto-Iranian: *stárwans
        • Middle Persian: (barren, childless)
          Book Pahlavi script: [Book Pahlavi needed] (stlwn' /⁠starwan⁠/)
  • *ster-yeh₂


  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) “(s)ter-, (s)terə- : (s)trē-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1022
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus Jann (2009) Consonant and vowel gradation in the Proto-Germanic n-stems (PhD thesis)[1], Leiden: Leiden University, page 156:*stér-ōn, *str̥-n-ós
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “sterōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 478:*ster-ōn, *str-n-ós