Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/udrós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *wed- +‎ *-rós.

Adjective[edit]

*udrós

  1. of water, aquatic

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *udrós *udréh₂
genitive *udrósyo *udréh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *udrós *udróh₁ *udróes
vocative *udré *udróh₁ *udróes
accusative *udróm *udróh₁ *udróms
genitive *udrósyo *? *udróoHom
ablative *udréad *? *udrómos
dative *udróey *? *udrómos
locative *udréy, *udróy *? *udróysu
instrumental *udróh₁ *? *udrṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *udréh₂ *udréh₂h₁(e) *udréh₂es
vocative *udréh₂ *udréh₂h₁(e) *udréh₂es
accusative *udrā́m *udréh₂h₁(e) *udréh₂m̥s
genitive *udréh₂s *? *udréh₂oHom
ablative *udréh₂s *? *udréh₂mos
dative *udréh₂ey *? *udréh₂mos
locative *udréh₂, *udréh₂i *? *udréh₂su
instrumental *udréh₂h₁ *? *udréh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *udróm *udróy(h₁) *udréh₂
vocative *udróm *udróy(h₁) *udréh₂
accusative *udróm *udróy(h₁) *udréh₂
genitive *udrósyo *? *udróoHom
ablative *udréad *? *udrómos
dative *udróey *? *udrómos
locative *udréy, *udróy *? *udróysu
instrumental *udróh₁ *? *udrṓys

Derived terms[edit]

  • *údr-eh₂ (otter)[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: *ū́ˀdrāˀ[2] (*ū from Winter’s Law, see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *utrā[3]
      • Latin: lutra (initial l- perhaps from lavō (to wash), see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: ὕδρα (húdra, sea snake)
  • *údr-o-s[1]
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: ὕδρος (húdros, sea snake, water animal)
  • *udr-ó-s (otter)
    • Balto-Slavic: *ūˀdras[4] (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *utraz[1] (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *udrás (see there for further descendants)
  • *údr-ō[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*utra-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page *utra-
  2. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lutra”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 355
  4. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ūdrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN