Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/weyd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*weyd- (stative)[1][2]

  1. to see

Derived terms[edit]

  • *wéyd-e-ti (thematic root present)[1][3]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *weiˀdetei
    • Proto-Celtic: *wēdeti (to tell, relate) (see there for further descendants)
    • >? Proto-Germanic: *wlītaną (to see, look) (#wl contamination perhaps from *wel- ~ *wl- (to see)[4]) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Germanic: *wlaitōną (to search) (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Germanic: *wlitiz (sight, appearance, face) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *wītaną (to direct the attention to, to scold) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *wéidō
      • Ancient Greek: εἴδω (eídō, to be seen, appear)
  • *wéyd-ti (athematic root present)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *wáytˢti (to know) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-o-s
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wéiˀdas[8] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Celtic: *wēdos (see there for further descendants)
  • *weyd-oh₂-lo-m
  • *wéyd-ti-s ~ *wid-téy-s
  • *weyd-to-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *wīsaz (wise) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-tōr ~ *wid-tr-és (viewer, witness)
  • *wéyd-tu-s ~ *wid-téw-s ((act of) seeing, knowledge)
    • Proto-Celtic: *wissus (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīsus (see there for further descendants)
  • *n̥-wid-eh₂-
  • *wid-és-eh₂
  • *n̥-wid-ḗs (<*n̥-wid-és-s)
  • *né-wid-s
  • *wid-m̥-h₃onh₂-
  • *wid-ri-s
  • *wid-ró-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *witraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wid-tó-s
  • *wid-yó-s
    • Proto-Germanic: *witją (knowledge; reason, sense, understanding; wit)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *widyáH (from *wid-y-éh₂)
  • Unsorted formations:
  • Albanian:

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*u̯ei̯d-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 665-667
  2. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*u̯aid¹, *u̯aid²”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 408-410
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*wēd-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 407
  4. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “u̯el-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 675
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “*git-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 216
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*wi-n-d-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 422-423
  7. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “veidas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 494
  9. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “ūwe”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 75-76
  10. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “īme”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 71