Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/ȷ́ʰáyas

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéyos (horse).

Noun[edit]

*ȷ́ʰáyas m

  1. horse
    Synonym: *Háćwas

Declension[edit]

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ȷ́ʰáyas *ȷ́ʰáyā *ȷ́ʰáyā, -ās(as)
vocative *ȷ́ʰáya *ȷ́ʰáyā *ȷ́ʰáyā, -ās(as)
accusative *ȷ́ʰáyam *ȷ́ʰáyā *ȷ́ʰáyāns
instrumental *ȷ́ʰáyā *ȷ́ʰáyaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰáyāyš
ablative *ȷ́ʰáyāt *ȷ́ʰáyaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰáyaybʰyas
dative *ȷ́ʰáyāy *ȷ́ʰáyaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *ȷ́ʰáyaybʰyas
genitive *ȷ́ʰáyasya *ȷ́ʰáyayās *ȷ́ʰáyāna(H)m
locative *ȷ́ʰáyay *ȷ́ʰáyayaw *ȷ́ʰáyayšu

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Aryan: *źʰáyas
  • Iranian: *ĵáyah