Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/Háćwas

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.[1][2][3]

Noun[edit]

*Háćwas m[1][2][3]

  1. horse
    Synonym: *ȷ́ʰáyas

Declension[edit]

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *Háćwas *Háćwā *Háćwā, -ās(as)
vocative *Háćwa *Háćwā *Háćwā, -ās(as)
accusative *Háćwam *Háćwā *Háćwāns
instrumental *Háćwā *HáćwaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *Háćwāyš
ablative *Háćwāt *HáćwaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *Háćwaybʰyas
dative *Háćwāy *HáćwaybʰyaH, -ābʰyām *Háćwaybʰyas
genitive *Háćwasya *Háćwayās *Háćwāna(H)m
locative *Háćway *Háćwayaw *Háćwayšu

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “*áśva-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 139-140
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2000–), “*āśu̯a-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 243-246
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “áśva-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  4. 4.0 4.1 Witzel, Michael (2002) Early Loan Words in Western Central Asia: Substrates, Migrations and Trade[1]

Further reading[edit]