Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/HaHćúkah

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This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *HaHĉúš (fast, quick) +‎ *-kah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HaHĉúš, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁o-h₁ḱ-ú-s.[1][2] Cognate with Sanskrit आशु (āśú, fast, quick), Ancient Greek ὠκύς (ōkús, fast, swiff), Latin ōcior (swifter), Proto-Celtic *dīākos (lazy, unswift) (whence Old Welsh diauc).[3][4]

Noun[edit]

*HaHćúkah[5][6][1][2]

  1. deer, gazelle, chamois

Descendants[edit]

  • Northeastern Iranian:
    • Saka-Wakhi: [Term?]
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (āskä, deer)
      • Wakhi: [script needed] (yukṣ̌, mountain-goat) (< earlier *yušk[5])
        • Khwarezmian: [script needed] (hʾkš)
        • Sarikoli: [script needed] (yax̌, wild goat)
    • Sogdo-Bactrian:
      • Khwarezmian: [script needed] (ʾsk, antelope), [script needed] (ʾskʾn, hind)
      • Sogdian: [script needed] (ʾʾsʾwkʾ /āsūk/, gazelle)
  • Southeastern Iranian:
  • Northwestern Iranian:
    • Baluchi: [script needed] (āsk)
    • Kurdish:
      Central Kurdish: ئاسک(āsk, gazelle)
      Northern Kurdish: ask (gazelle)
    • Zaza-Gorani: [Term?]
  • Southwestern Iranian:
    • Old Persian: [script needed] (*āθuka, gazelle, chamois)
      • Middle Persian: (/āhūk/, /āhūg/)
        Manichaean: 𐫀𐫍𐫇𐫃(ʾhwg), 𐫀𐫀𐫍𐫇𐫃(ʾʾhwg)
        Book Pahlavi: [Book Pahlavi needed] (ʾhwkʾ)
        • Bakhtiari: [script needed] (ā̊hī)
        • Classical Persian: آهو(āhū)
          • Dari: آهو(âhu)
          • Iranian Persian: آهو(âhu)
          • Tajik: оҳу (ohu)
          • Gilaki: [script needed] (åhú)
          • Kermanic:
            Gazi: [script needed] (åhū)
            Kafroni: [script needed] (åvī́)
            Kesehi: [script needed] (ā̊hṻ)
            Natanzi: [script needed] (åvī́)
            Qohrudi: [script needed] (åhū́)
            Vonishuni: [script needed] (åhū́)
            Sedehi: [script needed] (åhū́)
            Zefrehi: [script needed] (åhṻ)
          • Lasgerdi: [script needed] (āhú)
          • Ormuri: [script needed] (āū)
          • Parachi: [script needed] (āhū́)
          • Sarikoli: [script needed] (āhu)
          • Semnani: [script needed] (āhú)
          • Shahmirzadi: [script needed] (ā̊hū̆)
          • Sivandi: [script needed] (āhū)
          • Sorkhei: [script needed] (ahü)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “āśú-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “*āśu-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 179-180
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page ὠκύς of 1677-1678
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ōcior”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 424
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2000–), “*āśu-ka-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 315-316
  6. ^ Hinz, Walther (1975), “*āçauka-”, in Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenüberlieferungen (Göttinger Orientforschungen, Reihe III, Iranica; 3) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 21