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This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


From *pari- (around) +‎ *dáyjah (wall), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *per- (before, front) + *dʰeyǵʰ- (to knead, form).



  1. circular boundary wall; place enclosed by a circular boundary wall
  2. garden



  • Brandenstein, Wilhelm; Mayrhofer, Manfred (1964) Handbuch des Altpersischen (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, pages 8, 137
  • Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 103
  • Eilers, Wilhelm (1962) , “Iranisches Lehngut im arabischen Lexikon”, in Indo-Iranian Journal (in German), volume 5, issue 3, pages 206, 223
  • Hinz, Walther (1975) Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenüberlieferungen (Göttinger Orientforschungen, Reihe III, Iranica; 3)‎[1] (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 179
  • Janda, Michael (2004) Die Sprache Der Meder (dissertation)‎[2] (in German), University of Zurich, page 106
  • Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2007) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 314–315
  • prds”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2016-03-23

External links[edit]