Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/legō

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to collect).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈle.ɡoː/

Verb[edit]

*legō[1]

  1. I gather, collect
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of *legō (third conjugation)
Present *legō
Perfect *lēgai
Past participle *lektos
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *legō *legōr
2nd sing. *leges *legezo
3rd sing. *leget *legetor
1st plur. *legomos *legomor
2nd plur. *legetes *legem(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *legont *legontor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *legām *legār
2nd sing. *legās *legāzo
3rd sing. *legād *legātor
1st plur. *legāmos *legāmor
2nd plur. *legātes *legām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *legānd *legāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing. *lēgai
2nd sing. *lēgistai
3rd sing. *lēge(d)
1st plur. *lēgomos
2nd plur. *lēgistes
3rd plur. *lēgēri
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *lege *legezo
2nd plur. *legete
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *legetōd
Participles Present Past
*legents *lektos
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*lektum *legezi
Descendants[edit]
  • Latin: legō (see there for further descendants)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂leg- (to care).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈle.ɡoː/

Verb[edit]

*legō

  1. I care
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of *legō (third conjugation)
Present *legō
Perfect *lēksai
Past participle *lektos
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *legō *legōr
2nd sing. *leges *legezo
3rd sing. *leget *legetor
1st plur. *legomos *legomor
2nd plur. *legetes *legem(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *legont *legontor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *legām *legār
2nd sing. *legās *legāzo
3rd sing. *legād *legātor
1st plur. *legāmos *legāmor
2nd plur. *legātes *legām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *legānd *legāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing. *lēksai
2nd sing. *lēksistai
3rd sing. *lēkse(d)
1st plur. *lēksomos
2nd plur. *lēksistes
3rd plur. *lēksēri
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *lege *legezo
2nd plur. *legete
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *legetōd
Participles Present Past
*legents *lektos
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*lektum *legezi
Descendants[edit]
  • Latin: *legō (only in dī-ligō, intel-legō, neg-legō (these may be derivatives of Latin legō, from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ-, but were at least influenced by this verb))
    • Latin: *religō (to observe)
      • Latin: religiō (reverence) (see there for further descendants)
  • Oscan: leíguss
  • Paelignian: lexe

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN