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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *skeitum, *skoitum, from Proto-Indo-European *skey-to-m, from *skey- (to cut, separate).

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian skiẽtas (reed), Latvian šk̨iêts (reed), Old Prussian staytan (shield).

Indo-European cognates include Latin scūtum (shield) from *skoytom; and Old Irish scíath (shield), Welsh ysgwyd (shield), Breton skoed (Old Breton skoit), all from Proto-Celtic *skētos, from *skeytos.

Comparison with Proto-Germanic *skelduz (shield) is doubtful.


*ščĩtъ m

The original meaning was "something cut off, separated" > "board"

  1. shield


See also[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: щитъ (ščitŭ)


  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 486
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “щит”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “щит”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 436