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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]

  • *žegti (earlier, unassimilated form, as in Derksen, Chernykh, Vasmer)
  • *žegťi (earlier, partly assimilated form, as in Trubachev)


From earlier *gegti < *degti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *degtei, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰegʷʰ-.

Cognate with Lithuanian dègti, 3sg. dẽga or deñga, 3sg. past dẽgė, and Latvian degt.


*žeťi ?

  1. (transitive) to burn




  • Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “żec”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985, page 663-664
  • “žegti” in Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 554-555
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “жгу”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “жечь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 301