Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ja

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-yeh₂. Cognate with Lithuanian -ia and -ja.

Suffix[edit]

*-ja f

  1. Suffix creating feminine action nouns, usually concretized in nomina instrumenti and nomina acti.
    1. Deverbal, from the present stem.
      Synonyms: *-ělь, *-ъkъ
      *sěťi (to cut, mow, chop)*sěča (chopping, cutting)
      *žędati (to be thirsty)*žęďa (thirst)
      *pręsti (to spin)*pręďa (yarn)
    2. Deverbal, from -i- verbs.
      *loviti*lovľa
      *grabiti*grabľa
      *gorditi*gorďa
      *xoditi*xoďa
    3. Deadjectival.
      Synonyms: *-ědь, *-ina, *-yni, *-ota, *-ostь
      *suxъ (dry)*suša (drought)
      *gǫstъ (dense)*gǫšča (thicket; slurry, sludge; something dense or densely arranged)
      *mok- (wet)*moča (wetness)
    4. Denominal.
      *světъ (light, brightness)*svěťa (candle)
      *koza (goat)*koža (skin, leather)
      *duxъ (spirit)*duša (soul)
    5. Denominal, from i-stem.
      Synonym: *-i
      *tьstь (father in law)*tьšča (mother in law)
      *gospodь (lord, master)*gospoďa (lady, mistress)
      *zemь*zemľa

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume 1, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 81ff
  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32