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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *grebtì, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *grebtei, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrebʰ-. Cognate with Lithuanian grė́bti (to seize, to rob, to rake), Latvian grebt (to seize, to scrape, to excavate), Sanskrit गृह्णाति (gṛhṇā́ti), गृभ्णाति (gṛbhṇā́ti, to seize, to hold, to take), Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (graban, to dig), English grab. Per Derksen, the acute vowel of Lithuanian grė́bti is analogical after gróbti (to seize).

Note the development of the infinitive: *grebtì > *gretì (by regular sound change) > *grestì (by analogy with other consonant-stem verbs, most of which have infinitives in -*sti or -*zti) > *grebstì (by analogy with the stem *greb-, only in some languages).


*gretì impf[1]

  1. to dig, to scrape
  2. to rake


Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “гребу́”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “грести́”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, pages 215–216
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1980), “*grebti”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 07, Moscow: Nauka, page 109


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gretì”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 186: “v. (c) ‘dig, scrape, rake’”