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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *kost-, supposedly connected with *h₃ost-. Compare Latin costa (rib).

Melnichuk prefers to derive this word from Proto-Indo-European *kes- (to cut) with semantic development ‘stabbed corpse’ > ‘dead body’ > ‘remnants’ > ‘bones’.[1]


*kȍstь f[2][3]

  1. bone


Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ О. С. Мельничук (1968) “Корень *kes- и его разновидности в лексике славянских и других индоевропейских языков”, in Этимология 1966: Проблемы лингвогеографии и межъязыковых контактов, Moscow, page 234
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*kȏstь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 239:f. i (c) ‘bone’
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “kostь kosti”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:f. b (IRU 89, 94); c (SA 139, 199; PR 138)

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “кость”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress