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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *ljaud-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁leudʰo-. Cognates include Lithuanian liáudis f, Latvian ļàudis m (pl.), Old High German liut m, German Leute, Ancient Greek ἐλεύθερος (eleútheros, free), Latin līber (free).


*ljȗdъ m

  1. people


Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:


  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 282
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “люд”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1988), “*ľudъ/*ľudь/*ľuda/*ľudo/*ľudьje”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 15, Moscow: Nauka, pages 194–200
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “люд”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa