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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



According to most sources, related to *tьrnǫti (> Old Church Slavonic оутрьпоста (utrĭposta)[1]) and Lithuanian tir̃pti, Latin torpeō, thus inherited from Proto-Indo-European *ster- (stiff).

Alternatively, some have suggested that it is inherited from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥p-éh₁-(ye)-ti, eh₁-stative of *terp- (to satisfy). Compare Hindi तड़पना (taṛapnā, to be restless).


*tьrpě̀ti impf[2][3]

  1. to suffer
  2. to endure (hardship)
    Synonym: *stradati


See also[edit]

Related terms[edit]



Further reading[edit]

  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “терпеть”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2 (панцирь – ящур), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 239
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “терпе́ть”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994), “оутрьнѫти”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 753
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “tьrpěti: tьrpjǫ tьrpitь”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c lide (PR 139)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “trpẹ́ti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, “*tьrpě̋ti”
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “Proto-Slavic/tьrpěti”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 455=head=tërpi