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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *ydra, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ū́ˀdrāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *udréh₂, the feminine form of *udrós, from the root *wed- (water).

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian ū́dra (otter), Latvian ūdrs, Old Prussian wudro.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit उद्र (udrá, otter; a kind of aquatic animal), Avestan 𐬎𐬛𐬭𐬀(udra, otter), Ancient Greek ὕδρα (húdra, water snake), Proto-Germanic *utraz (otter), Proto-Italic *utrā (Latin lūtra (otter)).


*vỳdra f

  1. otter


Related terms[edit]



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 534
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “выдра”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “выдра”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 173
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “выдра”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa