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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



With epenthetic */l/ from earlier *zemja, from *zemь +‎ *-ja, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰðʰem- (given as *dʰǵʰ-em- in Derksen), the thorn-variant accusative singular of *dʰéǵʰōm.

Cognate with Lithuanian žẽmė (earth), Latvian zeme (earth), Old Prussian semmē (earth), Lithuanian žẽmas (low), Latvian zems (low), Avestan 𐬰𐬃 (zā̊, earth), (acc. 𐬰𐬆𐬨 (zəm)), Sanskrit क्ष (kṣá, earth), Ancient Greek χθών (khthṓn, earth), Hittite [script needed] (tēkan, earth) (gen. [script needed] (taknas)), Latin humus (ground), Ancient Greek χαμαί (khamaí, on the ground).


*zemljà f

  1. earth, soil
  2. land


Related terms[edit]



  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “земля́”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 323
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “zemļà”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 542
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “земля”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress