Most reflexes are ambiguous between *ëmta- and *amta-. Sammallahti (1988) opts for the former reconstruction, based on Komi /u/ (contrast e.g. *aja-). According to a proposal by Reshetnikov & Zhivlov (2011), even this may be however derivable from *a.
- to give
- Hungarian: ad
- Samic: *vuomtētēk (“to sell”) (see there for further descendants)
- Finnic: *antadak (see there for further descendants)
- Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.
- Reshetnikov, Kirill; Zhivlov, Mikhail. 2011. "Studies in Uralic vocalism II: Reflexes of Proto-Uralic *a in Samoyed, Mansi and Permic". In Journal of Language Relationship 5, pp. 96–109.
- Entry #11 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.