Samain

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *samonios (compare Gaulish samoni-), either from Proto-Indo-European *sam (together) (compare Old High German saman (together), Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌰 (samana, together, in common), Sanskrit समन (samaná, together), सम् (sám, with), Avestan 𐬵𐬀, 𐬵𐬀𐬨 (ha, ham, together)), or alternatively from Proto-Celtic *samo- (summer) (compare sam (summer), Welsh haf (summer)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Samain f

  1. November
  2. Halloween
  3. (Christianity) All Saints' Day, All Hallows
  4. (paganism) Samhain

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
Samain Ṡamain unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • samain” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.