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de-verb-strong (strong, third-person singular simple present {{{1}}}, past tense {{{2}}}, past participle {{{3}}}, auxiliary haben)


This template creates a headword line for German strong verbs.

{{de-verb-strong|1|2|past 2=|3|past participle 2=|past subjunctive=|auxiliary=|class=}}

The three positional parameters are obligatory:

  1. the third-person singular present indicative form (e.g. kommt or läuft)
  2. the first- and third-person singular past indicative form (e.g. kam or lief)
  3. the past participle (e.g. gekommen or gelaufen)

The five named parameters are optional:

  • past 2= an alternative form of the past tense
  • past participle 2= an alternative form of the past participle
  • past subjunctive= the first- and third-person singular past subjunctive (Konjunktiv II) if this is different from the past indicative (e.g. käme)
  • auxiliary= the auxiliary verb used to form the perfect tenses; may be set to:
    • haben (if auxiliary= is omitted, then haben is taken to be the default)
    • sein
    • both for verbs that take both haben and sein as their auxiliary
  • class= the number of the strong-verb class (may be set from 1 to 7; omit if you don't know the class or if the class isn't clear)