Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search


This template is designed for use with all Hungarian nouns. It should be used immediately following the ===Noun=== header, and provides the inflection line, showing the singular and plural forms of the nominative noun.

{{{1}}} = plural suffix. If the noun has no plural form, this parameter should be set to “-”.

Regular nouns[edit]

For regular nouns, this template takes one parameter. The template calls the PAGENAME for the singular form and uses this as the base for the plural form.

  • asztalterítő (‘tablecloth'; adds -k to form plural)
  • hónap (‘month’; adds -ok to form plural)
  • nyelv (‘tongue, language'; adds -ek to form plural)
  • tök (‘pumpkin, squash’; adds -ök to form plural)

In cases where there is a vowel shift in the suffix, the shifted suffix is simply used.

  • hal (‘fish’; adds -ak to form plural, even though -ok is expected)
  • szög (‘nail’; adds -ek to form plural, even though -ök is expected)

Irregular nouns[edit]

For irregular nouns, where the stem drops a vowel to form the plural, the plural form must be given in full using the pl= option.

  • álom (‘dream’; stem shortens to álm- by dropping the final vowel)
  • (‘horse’; the vowel shortens to lo and vak is added)

Nouns lacking a plural form[edit]

For nouns without plural forms, use 1=-.

  • angol (‘the English language’)
    • angol (uncountable)

Nouns which are both countable and uncountable[edit]

Some nouns have no plural for one sense, but do have one for another sense. For these, use 1=- and use the second parameter to give the plural ending, or the pl= parameter if it is irregular.

  • portugál (‘the Portuguese language’ or ‘a Portuguese person’)
    • portugál (countable and uncountable, plural portugálok)

Nouns with two plural forms[edit]

Some nouns have two plurals: with and without stem change. In these cases the second plural is provided by alt= and then the second plural (short for alternative). Such nouns are collected in Category:Hungarian nouns with multiple plural forms

and for the other order of appearance: