Trondheim

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Proper noun[edit]

Trondheim

  1. A city and municipality in Trøndelag county (formerly Sør-Trøndelag), Norway. It is the third largest city in Norway after Oslo and Bergen.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
The Nidelva river, in Trondheim, Norway.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse Þróndheimr (Trondheim, Trøndelag), first part from þrǿndir, þrǿndr (a person from Trøndelag) + last part from Old Norse heimr (realm, world, village, home). Replaced the Danicised name Trondhjem in 1930.

The city was often referred to as kaupangr (city) in Old Norse, or more specifically, kaupangr í Þróndheimi (the city in the district Trøndelag), which was simplified to just Þróndheimi (Trondheim, Trøndelag) during the Middle Ages.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɔnhæɪm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æɪm
  • Hyphenation: Trond‧heim

Proper noun[edit]

Trondheim m

  1. Trondheim (a city and municipality of Trøndelag, Norway)

Derived terms[edit]

  • trondheimer (a person from Trondheim)
  • trondheimsk (Trondheim dialect or something related to Trondheim)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
The River Nid (Nidelva), in Trondheim, Norway.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse Þróndheimr, Þróndeimr, Þrándheimr (Trondheim, Trøndelag), from þróndr (plural þrǿndr, þrǿndir) + heimr. Þróndr is possibly from the present participle of þróask (to grow), from the reflexive form of Proto-Germanic *þrōwōną. A proposed Proto-Norse ancestor is *þrōwandiʀ (< *þrōwōną +‎ *-ndz), cf. Old English Þrowendas pl. A similar construction is found in bóndi (farmer) from búa (to reside), and frændi (friend) from frjá (to love).

The city’s Old Norse name was Niðaróss, but was commonly referred to as kaupangr í Þróndheimi (the city in Trøndelag). It was later simplified to use only the name of the region, whence also the Danish name Trondhjem. The same tendency is found in modern time when the city is referred to as Staden (the stead, the city) or Byen (the city) instead of its official name, and genuine dialect forms are found only outside of Trøndelag.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²trun(h)ɛɪm/, /²trund(h)ɛɪm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛɪm
  • Hyphenation: Trond‧heim, Tron‧d(h)eim
  • Note: The h in -heim is usually not pronounced.

Proper noun[edit]

Trondheim m

  1. Trondheim, a city and municipality in Trøndelag county (formerly Sør-Trøndelag), Norway (until 1 January 2018).
    Synonym: Nidaros
    Olavskyrkja i Trondeim / ho æ tekt’e mæ bly: / Bendik skò inkji live njote, / um ho va tri gongjir ny!
    The Olav Church in Trondheim / it is thatched with lead: / Bendik shall not his life enjoy, / if it was three times new!
    • 1861, A. O. Vinje, Ferdaminni fraa Sumaren 1860, page 85:
      Fraa denne Foldalen var altso ho Malene, som var fem og sytti Aar og piltade so lett som ei Rjupe tri Mil fram til Hjerkinn for at sjaa Kongen paa Nordferdi si til Throndheim, endaa mange Skytsfolk til Kongen, som vaaro i Fylgjet med sine lause Hestar, sagde, at ho gjekk for at sjaa seg ut ein Kjæraste paa Hjerkinn og Kongsvoll bland dei Mange, som komo dit fraa lang Leid for at sjaa Kongen.
      From this Foldal was Malene, who was seventy five years old and scurried as light as a grouse 34 km to Hjerkinn to see the king on his journey north to Trøndelag [lit. Trondheim], even though many of the king’s horsemen, who were in his entourage with their loose horses, said that she went to find herself a spouse on Hjerkinn and Kongsvoll from the many who came from far away to see the king.
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gustav Indrebø (1930) Nidarosnamnet og Trondhjemsnamnet i Noreg: nye granskingar um bynamnet[3], Oslo: Noregs mållag
  • “Trondheimar” in Ivar Aasen (1873) Norsk Ordbog med dansk Forklaring
  1. ^ Jørn Sandnes (1997), Ola Stemhaug, editor, Norsk stadnamnleksikon[1], Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, →ISBN
  2. ^ Gustav Indrebø (1928) Nidaros[2], Oslo: Noregs ungdomslag

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Norwegian Trondheim.

Proper noun[edit]

Trondheim f

  1. Trondheim (a city in Norway)