User:AryamanA/Indo-Aryan

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Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Examples show only initial consonants, due to the dropping of intervocalic consonants in MIA.

PIA Skt. Dard. Early MIA Late MIA NIA
Aś. Pali Ś. M. AMg. Mg. Rom.
*p
*putrás
p
putrá
*p
Kalasha putr
p
putra, puta
p
putta
p
putta
p
Asiatic potra, putur
*s
*sarwás
s
sarvá
*s
Torwali sōw
s
sarva, sava
s
sabba
s
savva
ś
*śavva
s
sa, savore
*źʰ
*źʰástas
h
hastá
*h
Kal. hast, Khw. host
h
*hattha
h
hattha
h
hattha
v?
vast

Consonant cluster[edit]

PIA Skt. Dard. Early MIA Late MIA NIA
Aś. Pali Ś. M. AMg. Mg. Rom.
*ȷ́n
*ȷ́naHtíṣ

ज्ञान
?žn
Khowar ižnāri
ñ
ñāti
ñ
ñāti

ṇāi, Ś. ṇādi
?