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Compiled mostly from [1]

  1. Generally, a vowel should not be next to another vowel.
    • Two similar vowels combine into their long form.
      गच्छति ईश्वरः (gacchati īśvaraḥ)गच्छतीश्वरः (gacchatīśvaraḥ)
    • Two dissimilar vowels turn into a semivowel and a simple vowel, provided the first vowel is not a or ā.
      गच्छति अश्वः (gacchati aśvaḥ)गच्छत्य् अश्वः (gacchaty aśvaḥ)