- 1 English
- 1.1 Etymology
- 1.2 Pronunciation
- 1.3 Definitions
- 1.4 Forms
- 1.5 Quotations
- 1.6 References
- 1.7 Derived terms
- 1.8 See also
- 1.9 Synonyms
- 1.10 Translations
- 2 Hungarian
- 3 Old English
Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: spite · built · lower · #902: lead · wouldn't · success · instance
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- Pertaining to the element: Old English lēad, from West Germanic *loudhom, from a Proto-Indo-European base *plou(d)- ‘to flow’. Cognate with Dutch lood, German Lot ‘plummet, sounding lead’, Swedish and Danish lod.
- Pertaining to leadership: Old English l?dan, probably a causative form of liþan ‘travel’. Cognate with Dutch leiden, German leiten, Swedish leda, Danish lede.
Pertaining to element:
Pertaining to leadership:
- enPR: led
- IPA(key): /li?d/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (?), invalid IPA characters (?)
Audio (US) 175px (file)
- (pos-n, uncountable, chemistry) A heavy, pliable, inelastic metal element, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished; both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic number 82, Atomic weight 206.4, Specific Gravity 11.37, Symbol Pb (from Latin plumbum).
plummet used in sounding at sea
- (pos-n, countable) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
thin strip to separate printing type
- Template:pos-n A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
covering for roofs
- Template:pos-n Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs.
roof covered with lead
black lead used in pencils
fill with lead
- Template:pos-vt To cover, fill, or affect with lead; as, continuous firing leads the grooves of a rifle.
place leads between lines in printing
- (pos-vt, printing) To place leads between the lines of; as, to lead a page; leaded matter.
guide by hand
- Template:pos-vt To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection; as, a father leads a child; a jockey leads a horse with a halter; a dog leads a blind man.
show the way
- Template:pos-vt To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, especially by going with or going in advance of, to lead a pupil; to guide somebody somewhere or to bring somebody somewhere by means of instructions. Hence, figuratively: To direct; to counsel; to instruct; as, to lead a traveler.
- Template:pos-vt To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; as, to lead an army, an exploring party, or a search; to lead a political party; to command, especially a military or business unit
- Template:pos-vt To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among; as, the big sloop led the fleet of yachts; the Guards led the attack; Demosthenes leads the orators of all ages.
- Template:pos-vt To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure; as, to lead one to espouse a righteous cause.
- Template:pos-vt To guide or conduct oneself in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
- Template:pos-vt (cards, dominoes) To begin a game, round, or trick, with; as, to lead trumps; the double five was led.
- Template:pos-vi To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preëminence; to be first or chief; — used in most of the senses of the transitive verb.
- Template:pos-vi To be ahead of others, e.g., in a race
- Template:pos-vi To have the highest interim score in a game
- Template:pos-vi To be more advanced in technology or business than others
- Template:pos-vi To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place; as, the path leads to the mill; gambling leads to other vices.
- Template:pos-vi To lead off or out, to go first; to begin.
- (pos-n, uncountable) The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction; as, to take the lead; to be under the lead of another.
- (pos-n, uncountable) Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; as, the white horse had the lead; a lead of a boat’s length, or of half a second; the state of being ahead in a race; the highest score in a game in an incomplete game.
- (pos-n, baseball) When a runner steps away from a base while waiting for the pitch to be thrown.
- (pos-n, uncountable) (cards and dominoes) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played; as, your partner has the lead.
- (pos-n, countable) A channel of open water in an ice field.
- (pos-n, countable) (mining) A lode.
- (pos-n, nautical) The course of a rope from end to end.
- (pos-n) A rope, leather strap, or similar device with which to lead an animal; a leash.
- (pos-n) In a steam engine, The width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
- (pos-n, civil engineering) The distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
- (pos-n, horology) The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet. — Claudias Saunier
- (pos-n) Information obtained by a detective or police officer that allows him or her to discover further details about a crime or incident.
- (pos-n) Information obtained by a news reporter about an issue or subject that allows him or her to discover more details.
- (pos-n, uncountable, typography) Vertical space in advance of a row or between rows of text. Also known as leading.
- (pos-n, curling) The player who throws the first two rocks for a team.
- (pos-n, marketing) A potential customer.
- (pos-n, newspapers) A teaser; a lead in; the start of a newpaper column, telling who, what, when, where, why and how.
- (pos-a, not comparable) Foremost.
- leads Template:pos pl
- leads Template:pos vtp
- leading Template:pos vpres
- led, leaded Template:pos vp Template:pos vpp
- lead, leaded, leading adj
- leadingly adv
- I would have the tower two stories, and goodly leads upon the top. — Bacon
- If a blind man lead a blind man, both fall down in the ditch. — John Wyclif on Matthew 15:14
- They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill. — Luke 4:29
- In thy right hand lead with thee The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty. — John Milton
- The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way. — Exodus 13:21
- He leadeth me beside the still waters. — Psalms 23:2
- This thought might lead me through the world’s vain mask. Content, though blind, had I no better guide. — Milton.
- Christ took not upon him flesh and blood that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies, or possess places. Robert South?. could be Wilton or Eudora.
- As Hesperus, that leads the sun his way. — Fairfax.
- And lo! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest. — Leigh Hunt
- He was driven by the necessities of the times, more than led by his own disposition, to any rigor of actions. — Eikon Basilike
- Silly women, laden with sins, led away by divers lusts. — 2 Timothy 3:6 (Revised version).
- That we may lead a quiet and peaceable life. — 1 Timothy 2:2
- Nor thou with shadowed hint confuse A life that leads melodious days. — Alfred Tennyson
- You remember . . . the life he used to lead his wife and daughter. — Charles Dickens
- The mountain foot that leads towards Mantua. — Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona V-ii
- At the time I speak of, and having a momentary lead, . . . I am sure I did my country important service. — Edmund Burke
- acetate of lead
- arm the lead
- black lead
- black lead, (Colloquial): graphite or plumbago — so called from its leadlike appearance and streak.
- blue lead
- cast the lead
- cast the lead, or heave the lead, to cast the sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water.
- chromate of lead
- coasting lead
- coasting lead, a sounding lead intermediate in weight between a hand lead and deep-sea lead
- cold lead
- deep-sea lead
- deep-sea lead, the heaviest of sounding leads, used in water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth. — Hamersley, Naval Encyclopaedia
- hand lead
- hand lead, a small lead use for sounding in shallow water.
- heave the lead
- Krems lead, or Kremnitz lead, [so called from Krems or Kremnitz, in Austria]: a pure variety of white lead, formed into tablets, and called also Krems, or Kremnitz, white, and Vienna white.
- lap in lead
- lay in lead
- lead accumulator
- lead acetate
- lead angle
- lead angle, (Steam Engine): the angle which the crank maker with the line of centers, in approaching it, at the instant when the valve opens to admit steam.
- lead arming, tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead. See To arm the lead (below).
- lead arsenate
- lead astray
- lead astray, to guide in a wrong way, or into error; to seduce from truth or rectitude
- lead balloon
- lead bronze
- lead bullion
- lead burning
- lead captive
- lead captive: to carry or bring into captivity
- lead carbonate
- lead cell
- lead chamber
- lead chloride
- lead colic
- lead colic, See under colic
- lead color, lead colour
- lead colour, a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead
- lead crystal
- lead dichloride
- lead dinitrate
- lead dioxide
- lead distemper
- lead encephalopathy
- lead glance
- lead glance, (Mineralogy): Same as Galena
- lead glass
- lead hydrogen arsenate
- lead in one's pencil
- lead in
- lead iodide
- lead line
- lead line, (Medicine): A dark line along the gums produced by a deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning.
- lead line, (Nautical): A sounding line
- lead mill
- lead mill, a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries
- lead nitrate
- lead ocher, (Mineralogy): a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead. Same as Massicot
- lead ocher, lead ochre
- lead oxide
- lead paint
- lead palsy
- lead paralysis
- lead pencil
- lead pencil, a pencil of which the marking material is graphite (black lead)
- lead peroxide
- lead plant
- lead plant, (Botany): a low, leguminous plant, Amorpha canescens, found in the northwestern United States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead ore. — Asa Gray
- lead ratio
- lead role
- lead screw
- lead screw, (Machines): the main longitudinal screw of a lathe, which gives the feed motion to the carriage.
- lead selenide
- lead sulfide, lead sulphide
- lead tetraethyl
- lead tetroxide
- lead the way
- lead tree, (Botany): A West Indian name for the tropical leguminous tree, Leucæna glauca; — probably so called from the glaucous color of the foliage.
- lead tree, (Chemistry): Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip of zinc in lead acetate
- lead vanadate
- lead wool
- lead-acid battery
- lead-ash, lead-ashes
- lead-colored, lead-coloured
- lead-gray, lead-grey
- mock lead
- mock lead, a miner’s term for blende
- pencil lead
- red lead ore
- red lead ore, (Mineralogy): crocoite
- red lead
- red lead, a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder, consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass.
- sugar of lead
- sugar of lead, acetate of lead
- swing the lead
- take the lead
- telluride of lead
- tetraethyl lead
- thorium lead
- To arm the lead, to fill the hollow in the bottom of a sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature of the bottom by the substances adhering. — Hamersley, Naval Encyclopaedia
- uranium lead
- uranium-lead dating
- white lead
- white lead: hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of white paint.
- plumb-, plumbo-
- plumb dulcis
Adjective: person or thing in lead:
plummet to measure depth of water
sheets or plates covering a roof
roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates
refill for writing tool
to cover, fill, or affect with lead
printing: place leads between the lines of
guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection
guide or conduct in a certain course
go or be in advance of; precede
draw or direct by influence
guide or conduct oneself
begin a game
intransitive: to guide or conduct
intransitive: be ahead of others
intransitive: have the highest interim score in a game
intransitive: be more advanced
intransitive: tend or reach in a certain direction
intransitive: to go first
act of leading or conducting
precedence; advance position
channel of open water in an ice field
nautical: course of a rope from end to end
in a steam engine
civil engineering: distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment
horology: action of a tooth
information obtained by a detective or police officer
typography: vertical space
Translations to be checked
lead (inf.: leadni)
West Germanic *lauda