User:Ivan Štambuk/MW/1000

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  1. अस्पृशत् (aspṛśat) (aspṛśat)
    mfn. not touching, S3a1rn3g. [123,2] &c. see %{a-sparza}.
  2. अस्पृश्य (aspṛśya) (aspṛśya)
    mfn. not to be touched Hariv. BhP. &c.
    not tangible MBh. xiv, 610
    (%{am}) n. intangibleness BhP.
  3. अस्पृष्ट (aspṛṣṭa) (aspṛṣṭa)
    mfn. untouched, not brought into contact BhP. Ka1vya7d.
    not touched or referred to (as by a word) Kum. vi, 75
    not touched by the organs of articulation (as the vowels, the Anusva1ra, and the sibilants) RPra1t. VPra1t.
  4. अहम् (aham) (aham)
    nom. sg., `" I "' RV. &c.
    = %{ahaMkaraNa} q.v., (hence declinable gen. %{ahamas}, &c.) BhP. [Zd. %{azem}
    Gk. $
    Goth. {ik}
    Mod. Germ. {ich}
    Lith. &38735[124,2] {asz}
    Slav. {az}].
  5. अस्मदीय (asmadīya) (asmadīya)
    mfn. (Pa1n2. 4-3, 1) our, ours MBh. &c.
  6. अस्मिता (asmitā) (asmitā)
    f. egoism Yogas. Comm. on S3is3. iv, 55, &c.
  7. अस्मृति (asmṛti) (asmṛti)
    f. non-remembrance, forgetting Ka1tyS3r. MBh.
    want of memory, forgetfulness MBh. xiv, 999
    the not being part of the institutes of law
    (%{a4-smRti}) ind. inattentively AV. vii, 106, 1.
  8. अस्रप (asrapa) (asrapa)
    m. (= %{asRk-pa} q.v.) a Ra1kshasa Mcar.
    (%{A}) f. a leech
    a Da1kini or female imp L.
  9. अस्वपत् (asvapat) (asvapat)
    mfn. not sleeping Suparn2. m. sleeplessness S3Br. iii Shad2vBr. (%{am}, n.) VarBr2S.
    (%{a-svapna4}) mfn. (= $) not sleeping, watchful AV.
    not dreaming Nr2isUp.
    m. `" sleepless "', a god
  10. अस्वस्थ (asvastha) (asvastha)
    mf(%{A})n. not in good health, sick, feeling uneasy Mn. vii, 226 MBh. &c.
    not being firm in itself. MBh. xii, 276 (Hit.)
    (%{asvastha})%{-tA} f. illness, Ratna1v. (Pra1kr2it {assatthadA})
    %{-zarIra} mfn. ill Ka1d.
  11. अस्वेद (asveda) (asveda)
    mfn. not perspiring
    m. suppressed perspiration
  12. अहंवादिन् (ahaṃvādin) (ahaṃvādin)
    mfn. `" speaking of one's self, presumptuous see %{an-ahaMv-}.
  13. अहत (ahata) (ahata)
    mfn. unhurt, uninjured AV. xii, 1, 11 VS.
    not beaten (as a drum) AdbhBr.
    unbeaten (as clothes in washing), unwashed, new S3Br. &c.
    unblemished, unsoiled BhP.
    (%{am}) n. unwashed or new clothes "'
  14. अहन् (ahan) (ahan)
    the base of the weak and some other cases of %{a4har}, q.v. e.g. instr. %{a4hnA} [once %{ahanA4} RV. i, 123, 4]
    dat. %{a4hne}
    loc. %{a4han} (Ved.) or %{a4hani}, or %{ahni}, &c.
    nom. du. %{a4hanI} (see also s.v. %{a4har}) and pl. %{a4hAni}
    only Ved. are the middle cases of the pl. %{a4habhyas} [RV.], %{a4habhis} [RV., nine times], and %{a4hasu} [RV. i, 124, 9], while the later language forms them fr. the base %{a4has} q.v.
  15. अहि (ahi) (ahi)
    m. ( %{aMh}), a snake RV. &c.
    the serpent of the sky, the demon Vr2itra RV.
    (see also %{a4hirbudhnya4s} below)
    a cloud Naigh.
    water ib.
    the sun
    a N. of Ra1hu
    a traveller
    the navel
    (in arithm.) the number eight
    N. of a R2ishi (with the patron. %{auzanasa}) and of another (with the patron. %{paidva}). [Zd. {az8i}
    Lat. {angui-s}
    Gk. $, $, $, and $
    Lith. {ungury-s}
    Russ. $
    &38940[125,1] Armen. {o7z}
    Germ. {unc}.]
  16. अहर्निश (aharniśa) (aharniśa)
    n. day and night, a whole day Mn. i, 74
    iv, 97
    (%{am}) ind. day and night, continually Mn. iv, 126 Pan5cat. &c.
  17. अहल्या (ahalyā) (ahalyā)
    f. N. of the wife of Gautama or S3aradvat S3Br. iii, &c. MBh. &c.
    N. of an Apsaras
    of a lake (cf. MBh. iii, 8087) L.
  18. अहस्त (ahasta) (ahasta)
    mf(%{A4})n. handless RV. Mn.
  19. अहार्य (ahārya) (ahārya)
    mfn. not to be stolen, not to be removed Mn. ix, 189
    unalterable (as a resolution or the mind &c.) MBh. v, 953 Kum. v, 8 Das3. &c.
    not to be bribed Mn. vii, 217 MBh.
    m. a mountain
    N. of a king VP.
  20. अहार्यत्व (ahāryatva) (ahāryatva)
    n. the state of not being liable to be taken away Hit.
  21. अहिंसा (ahiṃsā) (ahiṃsā)
    f. not injuring anything, harmlessness (one of the cardinal virtues of most Hindu1 sects, but particularly of the Buddhists and Jains
    also personified as the wife of Dharma Va1mP.) ChUp. Nir. Mn. &c.
    security, safeness S3Br. AitBr.
  22. अहिगोपा (ahigopā) (ahigopā)
    (%{a4hi-}) mfn. guarded by a serpent RV. i, 32, 11.
  23. अहित (ahita) (ahita)
    mfn. unfit, improper RV. viii, 62, 3
    unadvantageous S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. iii, 20, &c.
    noxious, hostile Katha1s.
    m. an enemy Bhag. ii, 36 Ragh.
    (%{am}) n. damage, disadvantage, evil A1p. R. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh. vi, 328
    N. of certain veins (cf. also %{hitA4}) Ya1jn5. iii, 108.
  24. अहिर्बुध्न्य (ahirbudhnya) (ahirbudhnya)
    m. (considered as one word and therefore declinable as follows dat. %{ahir-budhnyAya} Pa1rGr2.
    instr. pl. %{ahir-budhnyaiH} MBh. v, 3899
    often incorrectly written %{ahir-budhna} or %{-bradhna}) N. of a Rudra Pa1rGr2. MBh. Hariv.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of the Rudras MBh. v, 3899 (see before)
    (%{am}) n. N. of a hymn of the RV. (i, 186, 5 or vi, 50, 14), KaushBr. see %{a4hi}.
  25. अहृणान (ahṛṇāna) (ahṛṇāna)
    mfn. not being angry, friendly RV. vii, 86, 2
    x, 116, 7.
  26. अहोरात्र (ahorātra) (ahorātra)
    m. [pl. VS.
    du. AV. & PBr.
    sg. or pl. MBh. &c.] or n. [pl. RV. x, 190, 2 VS. &c.
    du. AV. VS. &c.
    sg. or du. or pl. Mn. MBh. &c.] = %{ahar-nisa} (q.v.), a day and night, $ (having twenty-four hours or thirty Muhu1rtas)
    (%{am}) ind. day and night, continuallyand see ib.
  27. आकर (ākara) (ākara)
    %{Akarika}, &c. see %{A-kRR}. m. one who scatters i.e. distributes abundantly RV. iii, 51, 3
    v, 34, 4
    viii, 33, 5
    accumulation, plenty, multitude R. Sus3r. &c.
    (ifc. f. %{A} MBh. iii, 1657, 16215) a mine Mn. Ya1jn5. &c.
    a rich source of anything Sa1h.
    place of origin, origin
    N. of a country (the modern Khandesh) VarBr2S.
    N. of wk. (quoted in Kamala1kara's S3u1dradharmatattva)
    (mfn.) best, excellent L.
  28. आकर्ण (ākarṇa) (ākarṇa)
    ^ (in comp. for %{A-karNam}).
  29. आकर्ष (ākarṣa) (ākarṣa)
    %{-rSaka}, &c. see %{A-kRS}. m. drawing towards one's self (as of a rope) BhP.
    attraction, fascination or an object used for it Ka1tyS3r. MBh. v, 1541
    dragging (as of a stone) Car.
    bending (of a bow)
    playing with dice MBh. ii, 2116
    a die (cf. %{AkarSa-phalaka} below)
    a play-board
    an organ of sense
    a magnet
    N. of a prince MBh. ii, 1270 ed. Calc.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a people ib. ed. Bomb.
  30. आकर्षक (ākarṣaka) (ākarṣaka)
    mfn. = %{AkarSe@kuzala} Pa1n2. 5-2, 64
    m. a magnet VP.
    (%{ikA}) f. N. of a town Katha1s.
  31. आकाङ्क्ष (ākāṅkṣa) (ākāṅkṣa)
    mfn. (in Gr.) requiring a word or words to complete the sense Pa1n2. 8-2, 96 and 104
    (%{A}) f. desire, wish Sus3r. Sa1h. &c.
    (in Gr.) need of supplying a word or period for the completion of the sense Sa1h. &c.
  32. आकाङ्क्षिन् (ākāṅkṣin) (ākāṅkṣin)
    mfn. ifc. wishing, desirous, hoping, expecting MBh. xii, 4289 R. Ragh. xix, 57
    (see %{a-phalA7kAGkSin}.)
  33. आकाङ्क्ष्य (ākāṅkṣya) (ākāṅkṣya)
    mfn. ifc. `" desirable. "' see %{dRzA7kAGkSya}
  34. आकार (ākāra) (ākāra)
    %{-raNa}, &c. see %{A-kR}. 1 m. (ifc. f. %{A} R. i, 28, 24 Ragh. xii, 41) form, figure, shape, stature, appearance, external gesture or aspect of the body, expression of the face (as furnishing a clue to the disposition of mind) Mn. MBh. &c.
  35. आकार (ākāra) (ākāra)
    %{-raNa}, &c. see %{A-kR}. 1 m. (ifc. f. %{A} R. i, 28, 24 Ragh. xii, 41) form, figure, shape, stature, appearance, external gesture or aspect of the body, expression of the face (as furnishing a clue to the disposition of mind) Mn. MBh. &c.
  36. आकारण (ākāraṇa) (ākāraṇa)
    n. calling, summoning Pan5cat.
    (%{A}) f. id.
  37. आकारवत् (ākāravat) (ākāravat)
    mfn. having a shape, embodied Katha1s.
    well-formed, handsomeN.
  38. आकाश (ākāśa) (ākāśa)
    m. (Ved.) or (later) n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a free or open space, vacuity AitBr. S3Br. MBh. &c. [127,1]
    the ether, sky or atmosphere Naigh. S3Br. Mn. &c.
    (%{am}) n. (in philos.) the subtle and ethereal fluid (supposed to fill and pervade the universe and to be the peculiar vehicle of life and of sound) Veda1ntas. &c.
    Brahma (as identical with ether)
    = %{AkAza-bhASita} below Comm. on S3ak.
    (%{e}) loc. ind. in the air (a stage direction implying something said by or to a person out of sight) Mr2icch. S3ak. &c.
  39. आकीर्ण (ākīrṇa) (ākīrṇa)
    see %{A-kRR}. mfn. scattered Hit.
    overspread, filled, crowded, surrounded Mn. vi, 51 MBh. &c.
    (%{e}) loc. ind. in a place filled or crowded with people, Ka1vya7d. [128,1]
  40. आकुञ्चन (ākuñcana) (ākuñcana)
    n. bending (of a limb) Sus3r.
  41. आकुल (ākula) (ākula)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{A-} 1. %{kRR} ?) confounded, confused, agitated, flurried MBh. &c.
    confused (in order), disordered ib.
    filled, full, overburdened with (instr. or generally in comp.), eagerly occupied ib.
    (%{am}) n. a place crowded with people R. iii, 43, 34
    `" confusion "' see %{sA7kula}.
  42. आकुलित (ākulita) (ākulita)
    mfn. confounded, bewildered, perplexed MBh. &c.
    made muddy (as water) R. iii, 22, 18.
  43. आकूत (ākūta) (ākūta)
    n. intention, purpose, wish VS. S3Br. &c. (see %{cittA7kUta4} and %{sA7kUta})
    incitement to activity, Sa1n3khyak. and %{A4-kUti} see %{A-kU}.
  44. आकृति (ākṛti) (ākṛti)
    f. a constituent part RV. x, 85, 5 (cf. %{dvA4dazA7kRti})
    form, figure, shape, appearance, aspect Ka1tyS3r. S3vetUp. Mn. &c.
    a well-formed shape VarBr2S. Mr2icch. [127,3]
    kind, species Sus3r.
    specimen RPra1t.
    a metre (consisting of four lines with twenty-two syllables each) RPra1t. &c.
    (hence in arithm.) the number twenty-two
    (%{is}) m. N. of a prince MBh. ii, 126 and 1165 (v.l. %{AM-kRti}).
  45. आकृष्ट (ākṛṣṭa) (ākṛṣṭa)
    mfn. drawn, pulled, attracted.
  46. आक्रान्त (ākrānta) (ākrānta)
    mfn. approached, frequented, visited Mn. R.
    on which anything lies heavily, pressed by (instr. or in comp.) Mr2icch. Pan5cat. &c.
    overcome, overrun, attacked, in the possession of (instr. or in comp.) Pan5cat. Katha1s. &c.
    overcome or agitated (as by feelings or passions) R. Katha1s. &c.
    overspread with (instr.) Hit. &c. [128,2]
  47. आक्रुष्ट (ākruṣṭa) (ākruṣṭa)
    mfn. scolded, abused, calumniated Mn. vi, 48 MBh.
    (%{am}) n. calling out, crying Sus3r.
  48. आक्षेप (ākṣepa) (ākṣepa)
    m. drawing together, convulsion, palpitation Sus3r. Kum. vii, 95 Ka1d.
    applying, laying (as a colour) Kum. vii, 17
    throwing away, giving up, removing Kum. i, 14, &c.
    `" shaking about the hands "' or `" turning the hand "' (in pronouncing the Svarita) RPra1t.
    charming, transporting Ka1d. &c.
    (in rhetoric) pointing to (in comp.), hinting Sa1h. Das3ar. &c.
    (see also %{AkSepo7pamA} below)
    reviling, abuse, harsh speech BhP. &c. (cf. %{sA7kSepam})
    objection (especially to rectify a statement of one's own) Sus3r. Ka1vya7d. Sa1h. &c.
    challenge Katha1s.
    N. of a man VP.
  49. आखर (ākhara) (ākhara)
    m. (Pa1n2. 3-3, 125 Comm.) the hole or lair of an animal RV. x, 94, 5 AV. ii, 36, 4
    N. of an Agni S3a1n3khGr2.
  50. आखु (ākhu) (ākhu)
    m. a mole RV. ix, 67, 30 VS. &c.
    a mouse, rat
    a hog
    a thief
    the grass Lipeocercis Serrata
    (%{us}) f. a she-mole or she-mouse Pa1n2. 4-1, 44 Sch. see %{A4-kha}.
  51. आख्या (ākhyā) (ākhyā)
    1 P. (impf. %{-akhyat}) to behold RV. iv, 2, 18
    (fut. p. %{-khyAsya4t}
    perf. 3. pl. %{-cakhyuH}) to tell, communicate, inform, declare, announce S3Br. xiii, xiv Mn. MBh. &c.
    to call (with two acc.) Ragh. x, 22: Pass. %{-khyAyate}, to be named or enumerated S3Br.
    to be called S3Br. x, xiv: Caus. P. (2. sg. %{-khyApayasi}) to make known, declare MBh. i, 7485: A1. (Pot. %{-khyApayeta}) to cause to tell AitBr. S3a1n3khS3r. 2 f. (ifc. f. %{A} Katha1s. Sa1m2khyak.) appellation, name Pra1t. Pa1n2. Mn. vii, 157, &c.
    (= %{-saMkhyA}) total amount Mn. ii, 134 MBh. iii, 12831 (cf. Hariv. 515) and xv, 671
    appearance, aspect R. vii, 60, 12 [129,2]
    (%{ayA}) instr. ind. `" with the name "', named Katha1s.
  52. आख्यात (ākhyāta) (ākhyāta)
    mfn. said, told, declared, made known Ka1tyS3r. (%{an-} neg.) &c.
    called Mn. iv, 6 MBh. &c.
    (%{am}) n. a verb Nir. i, 1 Pra1t.
    (g. %{mayUravyaMsakA7di} q.v.)
  53. आख्याति (ākhyāti) (ākhyāti)
    f. telling, communication, publication of a report Katha1s.
    name, appellation ib.
  54. आख्यातव्य (ākhyātavya) (ākhyātavya)
    mfn. to be told Mn. xi, 17 MBh.
  55. आख्यान (ākhyāna) (ākhyāna)
    n. telling, communication Pa1n2. Kap. Katha1s. &c.
    the communication of a previous event (in a drama) Sa1h.
    a tale, story, legend S3Br. Nir. Pa1n2. &c.
  56. आगत (āgata) (āgata)
    mfn. come, arrived&c.
    come to or into (acc. [Mn. iii, 113, &c.] or loc. [Pan5cat. Das3. &c.] or in comp. [Mn. vi, 7 Ragh. iii, 11, &c.])
    come from (in comp.) Ya1jn5. ii, 154
    come into existence, born R. ii, 85, 19
    coming from (abl.) Pa1n2. 4-3, 74
    returned S3Br.
    (with %{punar}) Mn. xi, 195 and Hit.
    meeting with an obstacle, pushed against (in comp.) Mn. viii, 291
    occurred, happened, risen Mn. ii, 152 MBh. &c.
    entered (into any state or condition of mind) MBh. R. Katha1s.
    resulting (from calculation) Su1ryas.
    walked through (as a path) S3Br. vi
    m. a new comer, guest S3Br. iii
    (%{am}) n. anything that has taken place or has fallen to one's share (opposed to %{AzA4}, `" anything still expected or hoped for "') S3Br. ii (cf. %{a4n-Agata} and %{sv-Agata}.)
  57. आगन्तु (āgantu) (āgantu)
    mfn. anything added or adhering VPra1t. Ka1tyS3r.
    adventitious, incidental, accidental Nir. Kaus3. Sus3r.
    (%{us}) m. `" arriving "', a new comer, stranger, guest Ragh. v, 62 Pan5cat. &c.
  58. आगम (āgama) (āgama)
    mf(%{A})n. coming near, approaching AV. vi, 81, 2
    xix, 35, 3
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) arrival, coming, approach R. &c.
    origin Mn. viii, 401 R. &c.
    appearance or reappearance MBh. ii, 547
    course (of a fluid), issue (e.g. of blood) Mn. viii, 252 Sus3r.
    income, lawful acquisition (of property, %{artha}, %{dhana}, %{vitta}, %{draviNa}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    reading, studying Pat.
    acquisition of knowledge, science MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    a traditional doctrine or precept, collection of such doctrines, sacred work, Bra1hmana Mn. xii, 105 MBh. &c.
    anything handed down and fixed by tradition (as the reading of a text or a record, title-deed, &c.)
    addition Nir. i, 4
    a grammatical augment, a meaningless syllable or letter inserted in any part of the radical word Pra1t. Pa1n2. Comm.
    N. of a rhetorical figure
    (%{am}) n. a Tantra or work inculcating the mystical worship of S3iva and S3akti.
  59. आगमन (āgamana) (āgamana)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A} Katha1s.) coming, approaching, arriving, returning Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    arising R. iv, 9, 29
    confirmation (as of the sense) Sa1h.
  60. आगस् (āgas) (āgas)
    n. transgression, offence, injury, sin, fault&c.
    [Gk. $.]
  61. आगस्कृत (āgaskṛta) (āgaskṛta)
    mfn. id. MBh. iii, 13701. [130,1]
  62. आगामिक (āgāmika) (āgāmika)
    mf(%{A})n. relating to the future Jain.
  63. आगार (āgāra) (āgāra)
    n. (= %{ag-} q.v.) apartment, dwelling, house Mn. vi, 41 & 51 Sus3r. &c.
  64. आग्नीध्र (āgnīdhra) (āgnīdhra)
    mfn. coming from or belonging to the Agni1dh (i.e. to the priest who kindles the fire) RV. ii, 36, 4 Ka1tyS3r.
    m. (= %{agnI7dh}) the priest who kindles the fire S3Br. AitBr. &c.
    fire BhP.
    N. of a son of Manu Sva1yambhuva Hariv. 415
    of a son of Priyavrata BhP.
    (%{A}) f. care of the sacred fire
    (%{am}) n. (Pa1n2. 4-3, 120 Comm.
    v, 4, 37 Comm.) the place where a sacrificial fire is kindled AitBr. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    the function of the priest who kindles the sacred fire S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
  65. आग्नेय (āgneya) (āgneya)
    mf(%{I})n. (Pa1n2. 4-2, 8 Comm.) belonging or relating or consecrated to fire or its deity Agni VS. xxiv, 6 AitBr.
    [with %{kITa} m. an insect which flies into the fire (applied to a thief who breaks into a room and extinguishes the lamp) Mr2icch.]
    belonging or consecrated to Agna1yi1 (wife of Agni) Pa1n2. 6-3, 35 Comm.
    south-eastern VarBr2S.
    m. N. of Skanda MBh. iii, 14630
    of Agastya (cf. %{AgnimAruta4} above)
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a people MBh. iii, 15256 (v.l. %{Agreya})
    (%{I}) f. N. of a daughter of Agni and wife of U1ru Hariv. VP.
    (= %{agnAyI}) the wife of Agni
    the south-east quarter (of which Agni is the regent) VarBr2S.
    (%{am}) n. blood
    ghee, or clarified butter
    the Nakshatra Kr2ittika1 VarBr2S. Su1ryas.
    N. of a Sa1man.
  66. आग्रयण (āgrayaṇa) (āgrayaṇa)
    m. (fr. %{a4gra}), the first Soma libation at the Agnisht2oma sacrifice (see %{gra4ha}) VS. TS. &c. [130,3]
    a form of Agni MBh. iii, 14188 seqq.
    (%{I}) f. (scil. %{iSTi}) an oblation consisting of first-fruits Comm. on S3a1n3khGr2.
    (%{am}) n. oblation consisting of first-fruits at the end of the rainy season S3Br. AitBr. &c. Mn. vi, 10, &c.
  67. आघात (āghāta) (āghāta)
    m. (%{A-han}) ifc. `" a striker, beater "' (see %{ADambarA7gh-} and %{dundubhyAgh-})
    a stroke, blow with or on (in comp.) MBh.
    killing Ya1jn5. iii, 275
    retention (of urine &c.) Sus3r., (cf. %{mUtrA7gh-})
    misfortune, pain
    place of execution BhP. Hit.
    a slaughter-house Mr2icch.
  68. आघृणि (āghṛṇi) (āghṛṇi)
    mfn. glowing with heat (N. of Pu1shan) RV.
  69. आघ्राण (āghrāṇa) (āghrāṇa)
    n. smelling (the scent of) Gaut. Katha1s.
    (mfn.) satiated
  70. आङ्गिरस (āṅgirasa) (āṅgirasa)
    mf(%{I4})n. descended from or belonging or referring to the An3girases or to An3giras AV. VS. &c.
    (%{a4s}) m. a descendant of An3giras (as Br2ihatsa1man [AV.], Cyavana [S3Br. iv], Aya1sya [S3Br. xiv], &c.)&c.
    especially N. of Br2ihaspati&c. [131,2]
    the planet Br2ihaspati i.e. Jupiter
    (%{I}) f. a female descendant of An3giras MBh. i, 6908
    iii, 14128.
  71. आचमन (ācamana) (ācamana)
    n. sipping water from the palm of the hand (before religious ceremonies, before meals, &c.) for purification A1p. &c.
    [it is not the custom to spit the water out again
    the ceremony is often followed by touching the body in various parts]
    the water used for that ceremony Ya1jn5.
    (%{I}) f. id. Hariv. (v.l.)
  72. आचमनीय (ācamanīya) (ācamanīya)
    m. a vessel used for %{A-camana} A1s3vGr2.
    (%{am}) n. water used for %{A-camana} A1s3vGr2. Kaus3. MBh. &c.
  73. आचरण (ācaraṇa) (ācaraṇa)
    n. approaching, arrival (as of the dawn) RV. i, 48, 3
    undertaking, practising, performing Ka1d. Sa1h.
    conduct, behaviour Veda1ntas., (cf. %{sv-Ac-})
    a cart, carriage ChUp. (m. Comm.)
  74. आचर्य (ācarya) (ācarya)
    mfn. to be approached Pa1n2. 3-1, 100 Comm.
    = %{A-caraNIya} q.v. Pa1n2. 6-1, 147 Sch.
  75. आचार (ācāra) (ācāra)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A} Ya1jn5. i, 87, &c.) conduct, manner of action, behaviour, good behaviour, good conduct Mn. MBh. &c.
    custom, practice, usage, traditional or immemorial usage (as the foundation of law) ib.
    an established rule of conduct, ordinance, institute, precept
    a rule or line MBh. iii, 166
    = %{AcArika} below Sus3r.
    (with Buddhists) agreeing with what is taught by the teacher Sarvad.
    (%{I}) f. the plant Hingtsha Repens&c. see %{A-car}.
  76. आचार्य (ācārya) (ācārya)
    m. `" knowing or teaching the %{AcAra} or rules "', a spiritual guide or teacher (especially one who invests the student with the sacrificial thread, and instructs him in the Vedas, in the law of sacrifice and religious mysteries [Mn. ii, 140
    171]) AV. S3Br. &c.
    a N. of Dron2a (the teacher of the Pa1n2d2avas) Bhag. i, 2
    (%{A}) f. a spiritual preceptress Pa1n2. 4-1, 49 Siddh. [The title %{AcArya} affixed to names of learned men is rather like our `" Dr. "'
    e.g. %{rAghavA7cArya}, &c.]
  77. आच्छन्न (ācchanna) (ācchanna)
    mfn. clothed MBh. iii, 2632.
  78. आजि (āji) (āji)
    1 m. rarely f. only once in RV. i, 116, 15, ( %{aj}), a running-match
    a fighting-match, prize-fight, combat&c.
    [%{Aji4m-aj} or %{i} or %{dhAv} or %{sR}, to run with or against any one for a prize S3Br. AitBr. &c.]
    war, battle (%{Ajau}, in battle MBh. R. Ragh. xii, 45, &c.)
    place for running, race-course RV. iv, 24, 8 AV. xiii, 2, 4
    (= %{AkSepa}) abuse
    (= %{kSaNa}) an instant L.
  79. आजाति (ājāti) (ājāti)
    f. birth Mn. iv, 166
    viii, 82. see %{A-jan}.
  80. आजान (ājāna) (ājāna)
    n. birth, descent VS. S3Br. iii
    birth-place Comm. on VS. xxxiii, 72
    (%{A}) f. place of conception (as a mother) AitA1r.
  81. आजानेय (ājāneya) (ājāneya)
    mf(%{I4})n. of noble origin, of good breed (as a horse) Ka1tyS3r. MBh.
    originating or descending from (in comp.) Buddh.
    m. a well-bred horse MBh. iii, 15704. and %{-neyya} see %{A-jan}.
  82. आजीव (ājīva) (ājīva)
    m. livelihood S3vetUp. Mn. xi, 63 MBh. &c.
    = %{AjIvika} q.v.
  83. आजीविक (ājīvika) (ājīvika)
    m. `" following special rules with regard to Iivelihood "', a religious mendicant of the sect founded by Gos3a1la (Makkhaliputra) Jain. VarBr2.
  84. आज्ञा (ājñā) (ājñā)
    1 %{-jAnAti} (Impv. 2. pl. %{-jAnIta}
    perf. %{-jajJau}
    p. %{jAna4t}) to mind, perceive, notice, understand RV. i, 94, 8
    156, 3 S3Br. Ta1n2d2yaBr.
    (cf. %{a4n-AjAnat}): Caus. %{-jJApayati}, %{-te} (Inf. %{-jJaptum} R. iv, 40, 8) to order, command, direct MBh. &c.
    to assure R. vi, 103, 10. [133,2]2 f. order, command Mn. x, 56 MBh. &c.
    authority, unlimited power Ba1lar.
    N. of the tenth lunar mansion VarBr2.
    permission (neg. %{anAjJayA} instr. ind. without permission of (gen.) Mn. ix, 199).
  85. आज्य (ājya) (ājya)
    1 m. a descendant of Aja, (g. %{gargA7di} q.v.)
  86. आञ्जन (āñjana) (āñjana)
    n. ointment (especially for the eyes) AV. TS. S3Br. &c.
    fat RV. x, 18, 7
    (mfn.) having the colour of the collyrium used for the eyes MBh. v, 1708
    (%{I}) f. collyrium for the eyes or a box filled with that ointment R. ii, 91, 70.
  87. आटोप (āṭopa) (āṭopa)
    m. puffing, swelling MBh. iii, 11587 Pan5cat. &c.
    a multitude, redundancy BhP.
    flatulence, borborygmi Sus3r.
    pride, self-conceit Mr2icch. &c. (cf. %{sA7topam}.)
  88. आढक (āḍhaka) (āḍhaka)
    %{as}, %{am} m. n. (g. %{ardharcA7di} q.v.
    ifc. f. %{I} Pa1n2. 4-1, 22 and v, 1, 54 Comm.) a measure of grain (= 1/4 dron2a = 4 prasthas = 16 kudavas = 64 palas = 256 karshas = 4096 ma1shas
    = nearly 7 lbs. 11 ounzes avoirdupois
    in Bengal = two mans or 164 lbs. avds.)
    (%{I}) f. the pulse Cajanus Indicus Spreng. Sus3r.
    a kind of fragrant earth Bhpr.
  89. आढ्य (āḍhya) (āḍhya)
    mf(%{A})n. (? fr. %{Ardhya}, %{Rdh}
    or fr. %{Arthya} NBD.), opulent, wealthy, rich S3Br. ix
    xiv Mn. &c.
    rich or abounding in, richly endowed or filled or mixed with (instr. or in comp.) R. Pan5cat. &c.
    (in arithm.) augmented by (instr.)
  90. आतत (ātata) (ātata)
    mfn. spread, extended, stretched or drawn (as a bow or bow string) RV.
    long (as a way) ChUp.
    fixed on, clinging to (loc.) RV. i, 22, 20
    105, 9 Pra1s3naUp. (cf. %{a4n-At-}.)
  91. आतप (ātapa) (ātapa)
    mfn. causing pain or affliction RV. i, 55, 1
    m. (ifc. f. %{A} R. S3ak.) heat (especially of the sun), sunshine Kat2hUp. Mn. &c.
  92. आतपत्र (ātapatra) (ātapatra)
    n. `" heatprotector "' (ifc. f. %{A} Megh. Katha1s.), a large umbrella (of silk or leaves) MBh. &c.
    %{AtapatrAyita} mfn. forming an umbrella (as the branches of a tree) BhP.
  93. आतान (ātāna) (ātāna)
    m. an extended cord, string, &c. VS. vi, 12 (voc.) AitBr. (cf. %{ekA7hA7tAna4}.)
  94. आतिथ्य (ātithya) (ātithya)
    mfn. (Pa1n2. 5-4, 26) proper for a guest, hospitable AitBr.
    m. a guest
    (%{A}) f. (i.e. %{iSTi}) the reception of the Soma when it is brought to the place of sacrifice Ka1tyS3r.
    (%{a4m}) n. hospitable reception, hospitality RV. VS. &c.
    the rite also called %{AtithyA} (see before) S3Br. AitBr. Ka1tyS3r.
  95. आतुर (ātura) (ātura)
    mf(%{A})n. suffering, sick (in body or mind) RV. viii AV. xi, 101, 2, &c.
    diseased or pained by (in comp.) MBh. R. &c.
    desirous of (Inf.) (cf. %{an-Atura4}.)
  96. आतृण्ण (ātṛṇṇa) (ātṛṇṇa)
    mfn. pierced TS. v S3Br. Kaus3.
    wounded Br2A1rUp. (v.l. %{A4-tunna} q.v.)
  97. आतृप्य (ātṛpya) (ātṛpya)
    m. `" to be enjoyed "', the custard apple tree (Anona Reticulata) and (%{am}) n. its fruit
  98. आत्त (ātta) (ātta)
    see %{A-} 1. %{dA}. mfn. (Pa1n2. 7-4, 47) taken, obtained ChUp. Katha1s.
    taken away or off, withdrawn from S3Br. AitBr. &c.
    seized, grasped ChUp. La1t2y. &c.
    perceived, felt Ma1lav.
    undertaken, begun MBh. xiii, 3567.
  99. आत्मन् (ātman) (ātman)
    %{A} m. (variously derived fr. %{an}, to breathe
    %{at}, to move
    %{vA}, to blow
    cf. %{tma4n}) the breath RV.
    the soul, principle of life and sensation&c.
    the individual soul, self, abstract individual [e.g. %{Atma4n}] (Ved. loc.) %{dhatte}, or %{karoti}, `" he places in himself "', makes his own TS. v S3Br.
    %{AtmanA@akarot}, `" he did it himself "' Ka1d.
    %{AtmanA@vi-yuj}, `" to lose one's life "' Mn. vii, 46
    %{Atman} in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. %{AtmAnaM@sA@hanti}, `" she strikes herself "'
    %{putram@AtmanaH@spRSTvA@nipetatuH}, `" they two having touched their son fell down "' R. ii, 64, 28
    [see also below s.v. %{AtmanA}]
    essence, nature, character, peculiarity (often ifc. e.g. %{karmA7tman}, &c.) RV. x, 97, 11, &c.
    the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body VS. S3Br.
    the body Ragh. i, 14 Ra1matUp.
    (ifc.) `" the understanding, intellect, mind "' see %{naSTA7tman}, %{mandA7-}
    the highest personal principle of life, Brahma (cf. %{paramA7tman}) AV. x, 8, 44 VS. xxxii, 11 S3Br. xiv, &c.
    (= %{dhRti}) firmness
    the sun
    a son
    [Old Germ. {a1tum}
    Angl. Sax. {oedhm}
    Mod. Germ. {Athem}, {Odem}
    Gk. $, $ (?).] &42279[135,1]
  100. आत्मक (ātmaka) (ātmaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. belonging to or forming the nature of (gen.) MBh. xv, 926
    having or consisting of the nature or character of (in comp.) ChUp. [cf. %{saMkalpA7tmaka}]
    consisting or composed of Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{paJcA7tmaka} &c.)
  101. आत्मज (ātmaja) (ātmaja)
    mfn. self-originated MBh. xii, 12449
    m. (ifc. f. %{A} R.) `" born from or begotten by one's self "', a son Nir. Mn. &c.
    N. of the fifth lunar mansion VarYogay.
    (%{A}) f. a daughter MBh. R. &c.
    `" originating from intellect "', the reasoning faculty L.
  102. आत्मज्ञ (ātmajña) (ātmajña)
    mfn. knowing one's self MBh. xii, 12440
    knowing the supreme spirit Veda1ntas.
  103. आत्मनेपदिन् (ātmanepadin) (ātmanepadin)
    mfn. taking the terminations of the middle voice Pa1n2. Comm.
  104. आत्मप्रभ (ātmaprabha) (ātmaprabha)
    mfn. shining by one's own light, self-illuminated MBh. (Nala).
  105. आत्मवत् (ātmavat) (ātmavat)
    mfn. having a soul Nr2isUp.
    self-possessed, composed, prudent Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    ind. like one's self Hit.
    (%{Atmavat}) %{-tA} f. self-possession, self-regard, prudence Mn. xi, 86 Ragh. viii, 83
    self-resemblance, proportion, analogy L.
  106. आत्रेय (ātreya) (ātreya)
    m. (Pa1n2. 4-1, 122 Comm.) a descendant of Atri S3Br. xiv, &c.
    N. of a physician Bhpr.
    a priest who is closely related to the Sadasya (perhaps because this office was generally held by a descendant of Atri) S3Br. iv AitBr.
    N. of S3iva
    (%{I4}) f. a female descendant of Atri Pa1n2. 2-4, 65
    (with %{zAkhA}) the S3a1kha1 of the A1treyas
    a woman who has bathed after her courses S3Br. i Mn. xi, 87 Ya1jn5. iii, 251
    N. of a river in the north of Bengal (otherwise called Tista1) MBh. ii, 374
    (%{am}) n. N. of two Sa1mans A1s3vGr2. &c.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a tribe MBh. vi, 376
    (for %{atrayas} m. pl. of %{atri} q.v.) the descendants of Atri MBh. iii, 971.
  107. आदि (ādi) (ādi)
    1 m. beginning, commencement
    a firstling, first-fruits
    ifc. beginning with, et caetera, and so on (e.g. %{indrA7dayaH@surAH}, the gods beginning with Indra i.e. Indra &c.
    %{gRhA7diyukta}, possessed of houses &c.
    %{evamAdIni@vastUni}, such things and others of the same kind: %{zayyA@khaTvA7dih} [Comm. on Pa1n2. 3-3, 99], S3ayya1 means a bed &c.
    often with %{-ka} at the end e.g. %{dAnadharmA7dikam} [Hit.], liberality, justice, &c.)
    %{Adau} ind. in the beginning, at first.
  108. आदर (ādara) (ādara)
    %{-raNa}, &c. see %{A-dR}. m. respect, regard, notice
    care, trouble Pan5cat. Hit. Ragh. Kir. &c.
    %{AdaraM-} 1. %{kR}, to exert or interest one's self for
    %{AdareNa} and %{AdarAt} adv. respectfully
    carefully, zealously.
  109. आदरणीय (ādaraṇīya) (ādaraṇīya)
    mf(%{A})n. to be attended to or regarded, venerable, respectable.
  110. आदर्श (ādarśa) (ādarśa)
    &c. see %{A-dRz}. m. the act of perceiving by the eyes
    a looking-glass, mirror S3Br. Br2A1rUp. MBh. R. &c.
    `" illustrating "', a commentary (often = %{-darpaNa})
    ideal perfection
    a copy Comm. on VarBr2.
    N. of a son of the eleventh Manu Hariv.
    N. of a country Comm. on Pa1n2.
    of a species of Soma
    of a mountain.
  111. आदहन (ādahana) (ādahana)
    n. a place where anything is burnt AV. xii, 5, 48 A1s3vGr2. Kaus3.
  112. आदान (ādāna) (ādāna)
    1 n. taking, seizing
    receipt Hit. iv, 94, &c.
    receiving, taking for one's self, drawing near to one's self Ragh. iv, 86
    taking away or off
    a cause of disease
    (for 2. %{A-dAna} see below.)3 n. reducing to small pieces, crushing Jaim.
    a part
    (for 1. and 2. %{AdAna} see %{A-} 1. %{dA} and %{A-} 4. %{dA}.)
  113. आदाय (ādāya) (ādāya)
    1 mfn. ifc. taking, seizing.
  114. आदिग्ध (ādigdha) (ādigdha)
    see under %{A-dih}. mfn. ifc. besmeared, anointed MBh. Hariv. BhP.
  115. आदित्य (āditya) (āditya)
    (Pa1n2. 4-1, 85) mfn. belonging to or coming from Aditi TS. ii, 2, 6, 1 S3Br. &c. [137,2]
    m. `" son of Aditi "'
    (%{As}) m. plN. of seven deities of the heavenly sphere RV. ix, 114, 3, &c. S3Br. iii, 1, 3, 3 (the chief is Varun2a, to whom the N. A1ditya is especially applicable
    the succeeding five are Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Daksha, An6s3a
    that of the seventh is probably Su1rya or Savitr2i
    as a class of deities they are distinct from the %{vizve@devAH} ChUp.
    sometimes their number is supposed to be eight TS. Sa1y.
    and in the period of the Bra1hman2as twelve, as representing the sun in the twelve months of the year S3Br. iv, 5, 7, 2, &c.)
    N. of a god in general, especially of Su1rya (the sun)AitBr. S3Br. S3is3. &c.
    N. of Vishn2u in his Va1mana or dwarf %{avatAra} (as son of Kas3yapa and Aditi) ChUp.
    the plant Calotropis Gigantea
    (%{au}) m. du.N. of a constellation, the seventh lunar mansion
    (%{A}) f. (?) the sun VS. iv, 21
    (%{am}) n. = %{au} (cf. %{punar-vasu})
    N. of a Sa1man ChUp.2 mfn. (Pa1n2. 4-1, 85) relating or belonging to or coming from the A1dityas RV. i, 105, 16 VS. S3Br. &c.
    relating to the god of the sun.
  116. आदिन् (ādin) (ādin)
    ( %{ad}) mfn. ifc. eating, devouring Pa1n2. 8-4, 48 R. Mn. &c.
  117. आदिराज (ādirāja) (ādirāja)
    m. [Pa1n2. 5-4, 91] `" first king "'N. of Manu R.
    of Pr2ithu BhP. iv, 15, 4.
  118. आदिष्ट (ādiṣṭa) (ādiṣṭa)
    mfn. directed, assigned S3Br. i, 1, 4, 24
    announced ChUp. iii, 18, 1
    mentioned S3Br.
    enjoined, ordered, advised S3ak.
    (%{am}) n. command, order, instruction Comm. on Mn. v, 88
    N. of a particular kind of treaty (in making peace)
    fragments or leavings of a meal
  119. आदीर्घ (ādīrgha) (ādīrgha)
    mfn. somewhat long, oval Bhartr2. i, 86.
  120. आदेवन (ādevana) (ādevana)
    n. a place for playing A1s3vGr2. i, 5, 5 Gobh.
    a means of playing
    gain in playing
  121. आदेश (ādeśa) (ādeśa)
    m. advice, instruction S3Br. x, 4, 5, 1 &c. Ka1tyS3r. ChUp. TUp. RPra1t. &c.
    account information, declaration Mn. ix, 258 Ya1jn5.
    foretelling, soothsaying, Ratna1v. Mr2icch.
    a precept
    rule, command, order R. Hit. Pan5cat. Ragh. &c.
    a substitute, substituted form or letter Pa1n2. 1-1, 49
    52, &c. APra1t. i, 63 Ragh. xii, 58
    result or consequence of stellar conjunction VarBr2.
  122. आदेश्य (ādeśya) (ādeśya)
    mfn. to be said or ordered or commanded Pan5cat.
  123. आद्य (ādya) (ādya)
    1 mf(%{A})n. [Pa1n2. 4-3, 54] being at the beginning, first, primitive Ka1tyS3r. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    ifc. mfn. (= %{-Adi} q.v.) Mn. i, 50, 63, &c.
    immediately preceding (e.g. %{ekAdazA7dya}, immediately before the eleventh i.e. the tenth), earlier, older
    being at the head, unparalleled, unprecedented, excellent AV. xix, 22, I MBh.
    (%{As}) m. pl. a class of deities VP. iii, 1, 27 Hariv.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Durga1
    the earth
    (for 2. %{Adya4} see s.v.)2 mf(%{A})n. ( %{ad}), to be eaten, edible AV. viii, 2, 19
    (%{am}) n. food
  124. आद्य (ādya) (ādya)
    1 mf(%{A})n. [Pa1n2. 4-3, 54] being at the beginning, first, primitive Ka1tyS3r. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    ifc. mfn. (= %{-Adi} q.v.) Mn. i, 50, 63, &c.
    immediately preceding (e.g. %{ekAdazA7dya}, immediately before the eleventh i.e. the tenth), earlier, older
    being at the head, unparalleled, unprecedented, excellent AV. xix, 22, I MBh.
    (%{As}) m. pl. a class of deities VP. iii, 1, 27 Hariv.
    (%{A}) f. N. of Durga1
    the earth
    (for 2. %{Adya4} see s.v.)2 mf(%{A})n. ( %{ad}), to be eaten, edible AV. viii, 2, 19
    (%{am}) n. food
  125. आद्यन्त (ādyanta) (ādyanta)
    n. or %{au} du. pl. beginning and end, Veda1ntas. 200 La1t2y. &c.
    ifc. mfn. beginning and ending with Mn. iii, 205
    %{-yamaka} n. `" homophony in the beginning and end of a stanza "', N. of a figure in poetry (occurring in Bhat2t2. x, 21 S3is3. Kir. &c.)
    %{-vat} mfn. `" having beginning and end "', finite Bhag. v, 22
    %{-vat} ind. as if it were the beginning and the end Pa1n2. 1-1, 21.
  126. आधि (ādhi) (ādhi)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 139, col. 2) a receptacle BhP. xi, 13, 33
    place, situation
    foundation Nya1yam.
    a pledge, deposit, pawn, mortgage RV. Mn. Ya1jn5. [138,3]
    hire, rent A1p.
    an attribute, title, epithet (cf. %{upA7dhi}) L.2 m. thought, care, anxious reflection, mental agony, anxiety, pain TS. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    reflection on religion or duty
    hope, expectation
    a man solicitous for his family's livelihood L.
  127. आधि (ādhi) (ādhi)
    1 m. (for 2. see p. 139, col. 2) a receptacle BhP. xi, 13, 33
    place, situation
    foundation Nya1yam.
    a pledge, deposit, pawn, mortgage RV. Mn. Ya1jn5. [138,3]
    hire, rent A1p.
    an attribute, title, epithet (cf. %{upA7dhi}) L.2 m. thought, care, anxious reflection, mental agony, anxiety, pain TS. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    reflection on religion or duty
    hope, expectation
    a man solicitous for his family's livelihood L.
  128. आधान (ādhāna) (ādhāna)
    n. putting near or upon, depositing, placing S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c.
    lighting, kindling, placing a fire (especially the sacred fire, cf. %{agny-A-} above) S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vGr2. &c.
    impregnating (cf. %{garbhA7-}) Megh. iii, &c.
    a ceremony performed before coition
    adding Va1m.
    causing, effecting MBh. Ragh. Megh. &c.
    pledging, depositing Ya1jn5.
    taking, having, receiving
    assigning, attributing, employing
    containing, being in possession of
    the place in which anything is deposited or rests S3Br.
    the bit of a bridle TS.
  129. आधार (ādhāra) (ādhāra)
    &c. see under %{A-dhR}.
  130. आधी (ādhī) (ādhī)
    1 (cf. %{A-dhyai}
    according to Dha1tup. xxiv, 68 Pa1n2. 6-1, 6, &c., %{-dIdhI}), P. (Subj. 3. pl. %{A4-dIdhayan}) to mind, care for RV. vii, 7, 6: A1. (Subj. 2. sg. %{A4-dIdhIthAs}) to meditate on, think about, care for, wish for AV. viii, 1, 8, &c.
    (p. aor. %{-dhI4SamANa} mfn. RV. x, 26, 6) to wish for, long for. and see under 1. %{A-dhI}.
  131. आधिक्य (ādhikya) (ādhikya)
    n. (fr. %{adhika}), excess, abundance, superabundance, high degree
    overweight, preponderance
    superiority R. Mn. Sus3r. Comm. on Pa1n2. &c.
  132. आधिपत्य (ādhipatya) (ādhipatya)
    n. [Pa1n2. 5-1, 124] (fr. %{adhi-pati}), supremacy, sovereignty, power RV. x, 124, 5 AV. xviii, 4, 54 VS. TS. AitBr. S3Br. Mn. Ya1jn5. Pan5cat. &c.
  133. आधेय (ādheya) (ādheya)
    mf(%{A})n. to be kindled or placed (as a fire) Comm. on Pa1n2. 2-3, 69
    to be deposited or placed
    to be pledged or mortgaged Ya1jn5.
    to be assigned or attributed or given or conceded Pan5cat. &c.
    being contained, comprehended, included Comm. on Pa1n2. 2-3, 4 Ba1lar.
    being imputed Ba1lar.
    (%{am}) n. putting on, placing (cf. %{agnyA-} above) A1s3vS3r. &c.
    an attribute, predicate Sa1h. &c.
    to be effected
    to be fixed T.
  134. आध्मात (ādhmāta) (ādhmāta)
    mf(%{A})n. inflated, blown, puffed up
    sounded, sounding
    heated, burnt.
  135. आध्यात्मिक (ādhyātmika) (ādhyātmika)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to the soul or the Supreme Spirit. mf(%{A} and %{I})n. (fr. %{adhy-Atma}), relating to self or to the soul
    proceeding from bodily and mental causes within one's self
    relating to the supreme spirit Mn. &c.
    spiritual, holy
    (%{am}) n. (scil. %{duHkham})N. of a class of diseases Sus3r.
  136. आध्वर्यव (ādhvaryava) (ādhvaryava)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{adhvaryu}), belonging to the Adhvaryu (= Yajur-veda) Pa1n2. 4-3, 123 VP.
    (%{am}) n. the office of an Adhvaryu priest RV. x, 52, 2 VS. S3Br. &c.
  137. आन (āna) (āna)
    m. (fr. %{an}), face [NBD.]
    nose [Sa1y.] RV. i, 52, 15
    exhaling the breath through the nose T.
    inhalation, breath inspired, breathing, blowing
  138. आनडुह (ānaḍuha) (ānaḍuha)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{anaDuh}), coming from or belonging to a bull S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    (%{am}) n. N. of a Ti1rtha Hariv.
  139. आनन (ānana) (ānana)
    n. the mouth
    the face R. Ragh. &c.
    entrance, doorsee under %{Ana4} above.
  140. आनन्द (ānanda) (ānanda)
    m. happiness, joy, enjoyment, sensual pleasureVS. R. Ragh. &c.
    m. and (%{am}) n. `" pure happiness "', one of the three attributes of A1tman or Brahman in the Veda1nta philosophy Veda1ntas. &c.
    m. (in dram.) the thing wished for, the end of the drama [e.g. the VIth Act in the Ven2is.] Sa1h. 399
    a kind of flute
    the sixteenth Muhu1rta
    N. of S3iva
    of a Lokes3vara (Buddh.)
    of a Bala (Jain.)
    of several men
    of a country
    m. and (%{am}) n. N. of the forty-eighth year of the cycle of Jupiter
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. N. of two plants
    (%{A}) f. N. of Gauri1
    (%{am}) n. a kind of house
    (often at the beginning and end of proper names.)
  141. आनन्दमय (ānandamaya) (ānandamaya)
    mf(%{I})n. blissful, made up or consisting of happiness TUp. Ma1n2d2Up. Veda1ntas. Katha1s.
    (%{am}) n. (scil. %{brahman}) the supreme spirit (as consisting of pure happiness cf. %{Ananda} above)
    %{-koSa} m. the innermost case of the body, the causal frame enshrining the soul.
  142. आनन्दिन् (ānandin) (ānandin)
    mfn. delightful, blissful, happy, cheerful Katha1s.
    gladdening, making happy
    N. of a man.
  143. आनर्त (ānarta) (ānarta)
    &c. see under %{A-nRt}. m. dancing-room, dancing academy T. [141,3]
    a stage, theatre
    N. of a king (son of S3arya1ti) Hariv.
    N. of a country (northern Ka1t2hiava1d2) ib.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of the inhabitants of the above country
    of the kings of that country
    (%{am}) n. the empire of the A1nartas
    dancing T.
  144. आनर्तपुर (ānartapura) (ānartapura)
    n. the capital of A1narta i.e. Dva1ravati1
  145. आनीत (ānīta) (ānīta)
    mfn. taken, brought near, &c.
  146. आनृण्य (ānṛṇya) (ānṛṇya)
    n. (fr. %{an-RNa}), acquittance of debt or obligation, the not being indebted to (gen.) Mn. MBh. R. Ragh. Pan5cat. &c.
  147. आनृशंस (ānṛśaṃsa) (ānṛśaṃsa)
    n. (fr. %{a-nRzaMsa}), absence of cruelty or harm, absence of injury, mildness, kindness, benevolence MBh. Gaut. v, 45.
  148. आनृशंस्य (ānṛśaṃsya) (ānṛśaṃsya)
    mf(%{A})n. merciful, mild, kind MBh.
    (%{am}) n. absence of cruelty or harm, kindness, mercy, compassion, benevolence MBh. Mn. A1p.
  149. आन्ध्र (āndhra) (āndhra)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{andhra}), belonging to the Andhra people
    m. the Andhra country
    a king of that country
    (%{As}) m. pl. the inhabitants of that country MBh. BhP. &c.
    (%{I}) f. an Andhra wife.
  150. आन्वीक्षिकी (ānvīkṣikī) (ānvīkṣikī)
    f. (fr. %{anv-IkSA}), logic, logical philosophy, metaphysics MBh. Mn. Gaut. &c.
  151. आप (āpa) (āpa)
    1 m. obtaining
    (mfn.) ifc. to be obtained (cf. %{dur-}). 2 m. N. of one of the eight demigods called Vasus VP. Hariv. MBh.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a constellation3 n. (fr. 2. %{ap} Pa1n2. 4-2, 37), a quantity of water, Mallina1tha on S3is3. iii, 72.
  152. आपण (āpaṇa) (āpaṇa)
    m. a market, a shop MBh. R. Katha1s.
    waves MBh.
    commerce, trade L.
  153. आपद् (āpad) (āpad)
    1 A1. %{-padyate} (pf. %{-pede} aor. %{A7pAdi}, &c.) to come, walk near, approach BhP.
    to enter, get in, arrive at, go into S3Br. La1t2y. R. &c.
    to fall in or into
    to be changed into, be reduced to any state
    to get into trouble, fall into misfortune AV. viii, 8, 18
    xi, 1, 30 S3Br. AitBr. MBh. Mn. &c.
    to get, attain, take possession
    to happen, occur S3Br. Ma1lav. &c.: Caus. %{-pAdayati} (aor. 1. pl. %{A74-pIpadAma} AV. x, 5, 42) to cause to enter, bring on S3Br.
    to bring to any state Ragh.
    to bring into trouble or misfortune R. &c.
    to bring near or towards, fetch, procure, produce, cause, effect MBh. Sus3r. Ragh. &c.
    to procure for one's self, obtain, take possession BhP.
    to change, transform.
  154. आपत्ति (āpatti) (āpatti)
    f. happening, occurring
    entering into a state or condition, entering into relationship with, changing into Ka1tyS3r. APra1t. &c.
    incurring, misfortune, calamity Ya1jn5.
    fault, transgression
  155. आपन्न (āpanna) (āpanna)
    mfn. entered, got in S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    afflicted, unfortunate S3ak. Katha1s. &c.
    gained, obtained, acquired
    having gained or obtained or acquired.
  156. आपि (āpi) (āpi)
    m. an ally, a friend, an acquaintance RV. VS. (according to Sa1y. on RV. ii, 29, 4, from the Caus.) causing to obtain [wealth &c.]
    (mfn.) ifc. reaching to, entering.
  157. आपस्तम्ब (āpastamba) (āpastamba)
    m. N. of a renowned sage and writer on ritual
    (%{as}, %{I}) mf. a descendant of A1pastamba g. %{vidA7di} [Pa1n2. 4-1, 104]
    (%{As}) m. pl. the pupils of A1pastamba.
  158. आपात (āpāta) (āpāta)
    m. the falling, descending
    rushing upon, pressing against Mn. Kum. Ragh. &c.
    forwardness Katha1s.
    happening, becoming apparent, (unexpected) appearance Ragh. Sa1h. &c.
    the instant, current moment Kir.
    throwing down, causing to descendsee under %{A-} 1. %{pat}.
  159. आपी (āpī) (āpī)
    &c. see under %{A-pyai}. mfn. fat, enlarged, increased T.
  160. आपीड (āpīḍa) (āpīḍa)
    m. (ifc. mf(%{A})n. L.) compressing, squeezing Sus3r.
    giving pain, hurting
    a chaplet tied on the crown of the head MBh. R. Ragh.
    N. of a metre.
  161. आपूर्त (āpūrta) (āpūrta)
    n. fulfilling
    a meritorious work Ka1d.
  162. आप्त (āpta) (āpta)
    mfn. reached, overtaken, met S3Br.
    received, got, gained, obtained S3Br. Mn. Hit. Katha1s.
    filled up, taken S3Br.
    come to Naish.
    reaching to, extending
    abundant, full, complete
    apt, fit, true, exact, clever, trusted, trustworthy, confidential Mn. R. Ragh. &c.
    intimate, related, acquainted MBh. R. Ragh. &c.
    divided Su1ryas.
    accused, prosecuted
    m. a fit person, a credible or authoritative person, warranter, guarantee
    a friend
    an Arhat Jain.
    N. of a Na1ga MBh.
    (%{A}) f. = %{jaTA} q.v.
    (%{am}) n. a quotient
    equation of a degree L.
  163. आप्तदक्षिण (āptadakṣiṇa) (āptadakṣiṇa)
    mfn. having proper gifts or furnished with abundant gifts Mn. R.
  164. आप्ति (āpti) (āpti)
    f. reaching, meeting with TS. S3Br. Br2A1rUp.
    obtaining, gain, acquisition S3Br. R. MBh. &c.
    abundance, fortune S3Br.
    binding, connection
    sexual intercourse
    relation, fitness, aptitude
    (%{ayas}) f. pl.N. of twelve invocations (VS. ix, 20) the first of which is %{Apaye@svAhA}.
  165. आप्त्य (āptya) (āptya)
    1 = %{Aptavya} q.v. RV. v, 41, 9
    (for 2. %{Aptya} see below.) 2 m. N. of Trita RV.
    N. of Indra RV. x, 120, 6
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a class of deities RV. (ib.) AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    (for 1. %{Aptya} see under %{Ap}.)
  166. आप्त्य (āptya) (āptya)
    1 = %{Aptavya} q.v. RV. v, 41, 9
    (for 2. %{Aptya} see below.) 2 m. N. of Trita RV.
    N. of Indra RV. x, 120, 6
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a class of deities RV. (ib.) AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    (for 1. %{Aptya} see under %{Ap}.)
  167. आप्री (āprī) (āprī)
    1 P. (%{-prINAti} AitBr. ii, 4
    aor. Subj. 2. sg. %{-pipra4yas} RV. ii, 6, 8) to satisfy, conciliate, propitiate, please RV. TS. S3Br.
    to address or invoke with the A1pri1 (see below) verses AitBr. S3Br.: A1. (impf. %{A7prINIta}) to amuse one's self, be delighted or pleased TS. La1t2y.
  168. आब्दिक (ābdika) (ābdika)
    mfn. annual, yearly Mn.
  169. आभा (ābhā) (ābhā)
    1 P. %{-bhAti} (Impv. 2. sg. %{A4-bhAhi} RV.
    pf. %{-babhau}) to shine or blaze towards
    to irradiate, outshine, illumineTB. BhP.
    to appear, become visible or apparent BhP. MBh. Hariv. Ra1jat. &c.
    to look like Katha1s. MBh. &c. 2 f. splendour, light
    a flash
    colour, appearance, beauty MBh. Mn. Sus3r. Pan5cat. &c.
    a reflected image, outline
    likeness, resemblance MBh. R.
    (mfn.) ifc. like, resembling, appearing R. Ka1vya7d. S3is3. &c. (e.g. %{hemA7bha}, shining like gold)
    [cf. Hib. {avibh}, `" likeness, similitude "'
    {avibe}, `" neatness, elegance "'
    {avibhcal}, `" a spark of fire "' ?] [145,2]
  170. आभरण (ābharaṇa) (ābharaṇa)
    n. decorating
    ornament, decoration (as jewels &c.) Mn. S3ak. Hit. &c.
    N. of several works (especially ifc.)
  171. आभास् (ābhās) (ābhās)
    A1. (pf. %{-babhAse}) to appear, look like MBh. Ragh. vii, 40, &c. Kum. Katha1s.: Caus. P. %{-bhAsayati}, to shine upon, illuminate Nir. Ma1rkP.
    to throw light upon, exhibit the falsity of anything Comm. on Ba1dar.
  172. आभाणक (ābhāṇaka) (ābhāṇaka)
    m. (%{bhaN}), a saying, proverb.
  173. आभात (ābhāta) (ābhāta)
    mfn. shining, blazing
    appearing, visible MBh. Mn. &c.
  174. आभाति (ābhāti) (ābhāti)
    f. splendour, light
  175. आभाष (ābhāṣa) (ābhāṣa)
    m. speech, talking
    addressing R.
    a saying, proverb
    introduction, preface
  176. आभाषण (ābhāṣaṇa) (ābhāṣaṇa)
    n. addressing, speaking to, conversing with, entertainment Ragh.
  177. आभाषित (ābhāṣita) (ābhāṣita)
    mfn. addressed
    spoken, told Hariv.
  178. आभास (ābhāsa) (ābhāsa)
    m. splendour, light R. Veda1ntas. 195
    colour, appearance R. Sus3r. Bhag.
    semblance, phantom, phantasm of the imagination
    mere appearance, fallacious appearance Veda1ntas. S3a1n3khS3r.
    intention, purpose
    (in log.) fallacy, semblance of a reason, sophism, an erroneous though plausible argument (regarded by logicians as of various kind)
    ifc. looking like, having the mere appearance of a thing Gaut. Sa1h. &c.
  179. आभासता (ābhāsatā) (ābhāsatā)
    f. or the being a mere appearance Sa1h. &c.
  180. आभासत्व (ābhāsatva) (ābhāsatva)
    n. the being a mere appearance Sa1h. &c.
  181. आभासन (ābhāsana) (ābhāsana)
    n. illuminating, making apparent or clear.
  182. आभासिन् (ābhāsin) (ābhāsin)
    mfn. ifc. shining like, having the appearance of Hariv.
  183. आभास्वर (ābhāsvara) (ābhāsvara)
    mfn. (Pa1n2. 3-2, 175) shining, bright
    m. N. of a class of deities, sixtyfour in number
    N. of a particular set of twelve subjects (%{AtmA@jJAtA@damo@dAntaH@zAntir@jJAnaM@zamas@tapaH@kAmaH@krodho@mado@moho@dvAdazA7bhAsvarA@ime} T.)
  184. आभिषेक (ābhiṣeka) (ābhiṣeka)
    mfn. (fr. %{abhi-Seka}), relating to the inauguration of a king
    serving for it VarYogay.
  185. आभ्यन्तर (ābhyantara) (ābhyantara)
    mfn. (fr. %{abhy-antara}), being inside, interior, inner MBh. Sus3r.
    (%{am}) ind. inside.
  186. आभ्युदयिक (ābhyudayika) (ābhyudayika)
    mfn. (fr. %{abhy-udaya}), connected with the beginning or rising of anything Mn.
    relating to or granting prosperity Mr2icch. Uttarar. &c.
    (%{am}) n. N. of a S3ra1ddha or offering to ancestors on occasions of rejoicing A1s3vS3r. Gaut. Gobh. &c.
  187. आम (āma) (āma)
    1 mf(%{A})n. raw, uncooked (opposed to %{pakva} q.v.)Mn. Ya1jn5. &c.
    N. of the cow (considered as the raw material which produces the prepared milk). RV. iii, 30, 14, &c.
    unbaked, unannealed AV. MBh. VarBr2S. &c.
    unripe, immature Sus3r. &c.
    undigested Sus3r.
    fine, soft, tender (as a skin) BhP. iii, 31, 27
    m. N. of a son of Kr2ishn2a VP.
    of a son of Ghr2ita-pr2isht2ha BhP. v, 20, 21 [146,2]
    m. or (%{am}) n. constipation, passing hard and unhealthy excretions Sus3r.
    (%{am}) n. state or condition of being raw Sus3r.
    grain not yet freed from chaff
    [cf. Gk. $
    Lat. {ama1rus}
    Hib. {amh}, `" raw, unsodden, &45756[146,2] crude, unripe "'
    Old Germ. {ampher}
    Mod. Germ. ({Sauer-ampfer}.]
  188. आमन्त्रण (āmantraṇa) (āmantraṇa)
    n. addressing, speaking to, calling or calling to S3Br. Sa1h. &c.
    inviting, invitation Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    deliberation, interrogation AV. viii, 10, 7 Ka1tyS3r.
    greeting, courtesy, welcome [146,3]
    bidding adieu, taking leave
    the vocative case
    (%{A}) f. addressing, calling
  189. आमन्त्रित (āmantrita) (āmantrita)
    mfn. addressed, spoken to
    called, invited, summoned MBh. BhP.
    one of whom leave is taken MBh. Ra1jat. &c.
    (%{am}) n. addressing, summoning
    the vocative case
  190. आमय (āmaya) (āmaya)
    m. sickness, disease S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Ya1jn5. R. &c.
    (%{am}) n. the medicinal plant Costus Speciosus Bhpr.
  191. आमलक (āmalaka) (āmalaka)
    m. and %{I} f. (g. %{gaurA7di} Pa1n2. 4-1, 41) Emblic Myrobalan, Emblica Officinalis Gaertn.
    (%{am}) n. the fruit of the Emblic Myrobalan MBh. Sus3r. ChUp. &c.
    m. another plant, Gendarussa Vulgaris
  192. आमिस् (āmis) (āmis)
    n. raw flesh, meat
    a dead body RV. vi, 46, 14 [%{A4miSi}].
  193. आमिष (āmiṣa) (āmiṣa)
    see s.v. n. (probably connected with 1. %{Ama}
    fr. 2. %{miS}, `" to wet "' T.), flesh MBh. Mn. Pan5cat. Hit. Ragh. &c.
    food, meat, prey
    an object of enjoyment, a pleasing or beautiful object &c. Mn. Ragh. Katha1s. &c.
    coveting, longing for
    lust, desire
    a gift, boon, fee
    (%{I}) f. N. of a plant L.
  194. आमिषाशिन् (āmiṣāśin) (āmiṣāśin)
    mfn. carnivorous, eating flesh and fish Katha1s.
  195. आमोद (āmoda) (āmoda)
    mf(%{A})n. (%{mud}), gladdening, cheering up S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    m. joy, serenity, pleasure R.
    fragrancy, a diffusive perfume
    strong smell, smell Ragh. Megh. S3is3. Katha1s. &c.
    Asparagus Racemosus L.
  196. आम्नात (āmnāta) (āmnāta)
    mfn. mentioned, quoted, committed to memory, handed down in sacred texts
    celebrated Ka1tyS3r. BhP. Kum. &c.
  197. आम्नाय (āmnāya) (āmnāya)
    m. sacred tradition, sacred texts handed down by repetition
    that which is to be remembered or studied or learnt by heart
    a Veda or the Vedas in the aggregate
    received doctrine VPra1t. Mn. MBh. &c.
    traditional usage, family or national customs
    advice, instruction in past and present usage
    a Tantra
    a family, series of families L.
  198. आम्र (āmra) (āmra)
    m. the mango tree, Mangifera Indica MBh. R. S3ak. &c.
    (%{am}) n. the fruit of the mango tree Sus3r. S3Br.
    a particular weight.
  199. आम्रेडित (āmreḍita) (āmreḍita)
    mfn. reiterated, repeated
    (%{am}) n. repetition of a sound or word
    (in Gr.) reduplication, reiteration, the second word in a reiteration Pa1n2. APra1t. &c.
  200. आयत (āyata) (āyata)
    mfn. stretched, lengthened, put on (as an arrow)
    stretching, extending, extended, spread over
    directed towards, aiming at
    extended, long, future MBh. R. Sus3r. Ragh. S3is3. Kir. &c.
    m. an oblong figure (in geometry)
    (%{A}) f. a particular interval (in music)
    (%{am}), and (%{ayA}) ind. without delay, on the spot, quickly S3Br.
  201. आयतन (āyatana) (āyatana)
    n. resting-place, support, seat, place, home, house, abode TS. S3Br. ChUp. AitBr. Mn. Ya1jn5. Kum. &c.
    the place of the sacred fire (= %{agny-Ayatana}) Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vS3r. and Gr2.
    an altar
    a shed for sacrifices
    a sanctuary ChUp. R. Mn. Pan5cat. &c.
    a plot of ground, the site of a house
    a barn Ya1jn5. ii, 154
    the cause of a disease Sus3r.
    (with Buddhists) the five senses and Manas (considered as the inner seats or A1yatanas) and the qualities perceived by the above (the outer A1yatanas).
  202. आयत्त (āyatta) (āyatta)
    mfn. adhering, resting on, depending on
    being at the disposition of MBh. Hariv. R. Megh. Katha1s. &c.
    exerting one's self, making efforts BhP.
    cautious, circumspect R.
    being ready or prepared R.
  203. आयन (āyana) (āyana)
    1 n. coming, approachingVS.
    (for 2. %{Ayana} see s.v.)
  204. आयु (āyu) (āyu)
    1 2. A1. (%{A4-yuvate} RV. ix, 77, 2
    pf. %{-yuyuve4} RV. i, 138, 1
    p. %{-yuva4mAna} RV. i, 582, and %{-yuvAna} S3Br. ix, 4, 1, 8) to draw or pull towards one's self
    to seize, take possession of RV. TBr. S3Br.
    to procure, provide, produce TS.
    to stir up, agitate, mingle Ma1nS3r. and Gr2.: Intens. (p. %{-yo4yuvAna} RV. iv, 1, 11) to meddle with.
  205. आयस (āyasa) (āyasa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{ayas}), of iron, made of iron or metal, metallic RV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c. [148,3]
    iron-coloured MBh. v, 1709
    armed with an iron weapon
    (%{I}) f. armour for the body, a breastplate, coat of mail
    (%{am}) n. iron
    anything made of iron Ragh. Kum. &c.
    a wind-instrument Ka1tyS3r. xxi, 3, 7.
  206. आयस्त (āyasta) (āyasta)
    mfn. exerted, managed or effected with difficulty
    labouring, toiling, making effort or exertion MBh. R. Hariv. &c.
    pained, distressed
    wearied, vexed, angry ib.
    sharpened, whetted
    thrown, cast
  207. आयान (āyāna) (āyāna)
    n. coming, arrival RV. viii, 22, 18 MBh. &c.
    the natural temperament or disposition(cf. %{ayAna}.)
  208. आयाम (āyāma) (āyāma)
    m. stretching, extending RPra1t. Sus3r. &c.
    restraining, restrained, stopping Mn. MBh. Bhag. &c.
    expansion, length (either in space or time), breadth (in mensuration) Sus3r. A1s3vGr2. R. Megh. &c.
  209. आयास (āyāsa) (āyāsa)
    m. effort, exertion (of bodily or mental power), trouble, labour MBh. R. Sus3r. S3ak. Katha1s. &c.
    fatigue, weariness MBh. R. Das3.
  210. आयुक्त (āyukta) (āyukta)
    mfn. joined with, united, applied to
    appointed, charged with
    burdened with, slightly joined
    m. a minister, an agent or deputy.
  211. आयुक्तक (āyuktaka) (āyuktaka)
    m. an official.
  212. आयुध (āyudha) (āyudha)
    n. a weaponVS. R. Mn. MBh. Ragh. &c.
    implement AV. x, 10, 18 AitBr. Kaus3.
    gold used for ornaments
    (%{Ani}) n. pl. water L.
  213. आयुस् (āyus) (āyus)
    n. life, vital power, vigour, health, duration of life, long lifeTS. S3Br. Mn. MBh. Pan5cat. &c.
    active power, efficacy RV. VS.
    the totality of living beings [food Sa1y.] RV. ii, 38, 5 and vii, 90, 6
    N. of a particular ceremony (= %{AyuH-SToma} q.v.)
    N. of a Sa1man
    of the eighth lunar mansion
    (%{us}) m. the son of Puru1ravas and Urvas3i1 (cf. %{Ayu}) MBh. Vikr. VP.
    [cf. Dor. $
    perhaps also $.] see col. 1.
  214. आयुर्वेद (āyurveda) (āyurveda)
    m. the science of health or medicine (it is classed among sacred sciences, and considered as a supplement of the Atharva-veda
    it contains eight departments: 1. S3alya or (removal of) any substance which has entered the body (as extraction of darts, of splinters, &c.)
    2. S3a1la1kya or cure of diseases of the eye or ear &c. by S3ala1ka1s or sharp instruments
    3. Ka1ya-cikitsa1 or cure of diseases affecting the whole body
    4. Bhu1tavidya1 or treatment of mental diseases supposed to be produced by demoniacal influence
    5. Kauma1ra-bhr2itya or treatment of children [149,1]
    6. Agada-tantra or doctrine of antidotes
    7. Ra1sa1yana-tantra or doctrine of elixirs
    8. Va1ji1karan2a-tantra or doctrine of aphrodisiacs Sus3r. MBh. Hariv. &c.)
    %{-driz} m. a physician
    %{-maya} mfn. acquainted with medical sciences R.
    %{-rasA7yana} n. %{-sarvasva} n. %{-saukhya} n. N. of wks.
  215. आयुष्मत् (āyuṣmat) (āyuṣmat)
    (%{A4yuS-}) mfn. possessed of vital power, healthy, long-lived
    alive, living AV. VS. MBh. R. S3ak. &c.
    lasting AV. vi, 98, 2
    old, aged A1s3vGr2.
    (%{An}) m. `" life-possessing "', often applied as a kind of honorific title (especially to royal personages and Buddhist monks)
    the third of the twenty-seven Yogas or divisions of the ecliptic
    the Yoga star in the third lunar mansion
    N. of a son of Utta1napa1da
    of Sam2hra1da VP.
    %{-puruSaka} mfn. giving long life to men Pat.
  216. आयुष्य (āyuṣya) (āyuṣya)
    mfn. giving long life, vital, preservative of life, for the sake of life, relating or belonging to it S3Br. Mn. MBh. R.
    (%{a4m}) n. vital power, abundance of life, longevity AV. VS. S3Br. Mn. Pan5cat. &c.
    a medicament
    `" vivifying "'N. of a ceremony performed after a child's birth Pa1rGr2.
  217. आयोधन (āyodhana) (āyodhana)
    n. war, battle MBh. Ragh.
    battle-field MBh. R.
    killing, slaughter
  218. आयोध्यिक (āyodhyika) (āyodhyika)
    mfn. id. Uttarar. 1, 14.
  219. आरण्य (āraṇya) (āraṇya)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{araNya}), being in or relating to a forest, forest-born, wildKa1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    m. a wild animal ChUp.
  220. आरण्यक (āraṇyaka) (āraṇyaka)
    mfn. forest, wild, forest-born, produced in a forest, relating to a forest or a forest animal, (the %{AraNyakam@parva} of the Maha1-bha1rata is either the whole third book or only the first section of it)
    m. a forester, an inhabitant of the woods MBh. Ragh. &c.
    (%{am}) n. N. of a class of religious and philosophical writings closely connected with the Bra1hman2as and called A1ran2yakas because either composed in forests or studied there, (the Upanishads are considered to be attached to them.)
  221. आरब्ध (ārabdha) (ārabdha)
    mfn. begun, commenced, undertaken AitBr. MBh. R. BhP. Katha1s. &c.
    one who has begun or commenced, beginning, commencing R. BhP.
    m. N. of a king.
  222. आरभ्य (ārabhya) (ārabhya)
    1 mfn. ifc. = %{A-rabdhavya} q.v. 2 ind. p. having begun
    beginning with.
  223. आरम्भ (ārambha) (ārambha)
    m. undertaking, beginning Mn. Pan5cat. Megh. &c.
    a thing begun
    beginning, origin, commencement S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Megh. &c.
    (in dram.) the commencement of the action which awakens an interest in the progress of the principal plot Sa1h. 324 and 325
    haste, speed
    effort, exertion
    killing, slaughter (erroneous for %{Alambha} see Zachariae, Beitrge, p. 20, l. 9) L.
  224. आरात्रिक (ārātrika) (ārātrika)
    n. the light (or the vessel containing it) which is waved at night before an idol
    N. of this ceremony.
  225. आराधन (ārādhana) (ārādhana)
    mfn. propitiating, rendering favourable to one's self Kum. Katha1s.
    (%{am}) n. gratifying, propitiation, homage, worship, adoration MBh. R. Katha1s. Kum. &c.
    effecting, accomplishment S3ak.
    acquirement, attainment
    (%{A}) f. worship, adoration, propitiation of the deities L.
  226. आराधनीय (ārādhanīya) (ārādhanīya)
    mfn. to be worshipped or adored
    to be propitiated or conciliated Ragh. Ka1d.
  227. आराध्य (ārādhya) (ārādhya)
    mfn. to be made favourable
    to be worshipped Katha1s. Bhartr2. Pan5cat.
    to be accomplished Sa1h. Kpr.
  228. आराम (ārāma) (ārāma)
    m. delight, pleasure S3Br. TUp. Bhag. Bhartr2.
    place of pleasure, a garden, grove Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. R. Mr2icch. Katha1s. &c.
    N. of a particular Dan2d2aka metre
    [cf. $ and $.]
  229. आरुणि (āruṇi) (āruṇi)
    m. (fr. %{aruNa})N. of Udda1laka (a renowned Bra1hman2a teacher, son of Arun2a Aupaves3i and father of S3veta-ketu) S3Br. AitBr. MBh.
    N. of Audda1laki (= S3veta-ketu) Kat2hUp.
    N. of Suparn2eya, a son of Praja1pati TA1r.
    of Vainateya MBh.
    of Tat2a1yu Ba1lar.
  230. आरुषी (āruṣī) (āruṣī)
    f. (fr. %{ruS} ?), hitting, killing [Sa1y.] RV. x, 155, 2
    N. of a daughter of Manu and mother of Aurva MBh.
  231. आरूढ (ārūḍha) (ārūḍha)
    mfn. mounted, ascended, bestridden (as a horse &c.) MBh. Hariv. BhP.
    raised up, elevated on high VarBr2S. Pan5cat. Hit. Katha1s. &c.
    reached, brought to (often used in compounds e.g. %{indriyA7rUDha}, brought under the cognizance of the senses, perceived) BhP.
    having reached or attained, come into (a state) BhP. Prab. S3ak. Katha1s. &c.
    (%{am}) n. the mounting, arising.
  232. आरोग्य (ārogya) (ārogya)
    n. (fr. %{a-roga}), freedom from disease, health MBh. R. Sus3r. Mn. Gaut. A1p.
    a particular ceremony
    (%{A}) f. N. of Da1ksha1yan2i
    (mfn.) healthy
    giving health L.
  233. आरोप (āropa) (āropa)
    m. imposing (as a burden), burdening with, charging with
    placing in or on
    assigning or attributing to
    superimposition, Veda1nt. Sa1h. &c.  %{A-roha}, &c. see %{A-ruh}.
  234. आरोपण (āropaṇa) (āropaṇa)
    n. causing to mount or ascend Katha1s.
    raising up, elevating Katha1s.
    the act of placing or fixing in or on R. Ragh. Kum.
    the stringing of a bow R.
    assigning, attribution, imposition, substitution Sa1h.
    trusting, delivering
  235. आरोपित (āropita) (āropita)
    mfn. raised, elevated Kum.
    fixed, placed Ka1d.
    charged with
    strung (as a bow)
    deposited, intrusted
    interposed, supplied
    accidental, adventitious
  236. आरोप्य (āropya) (āropya)
    1 mfn. to be placed or fixed in or on
    to be planted VarBr2S.
    to be strung (as a bow) Hariv.
    to be attributed, interposed, supplied Sarvad. 2 ind. p. having made to ascend or mount &c.
  237. आरोह (āroha) (āroha)
    m. one who mounts or ascends, a rider (on a horse &c.), one who is seated in a carriage R.
    ascent, rising, creeping up, mounting S3ak. Katha1s. R.
    haughtiness, pride Katha1s.
    elevation, elevated place, altitude R.
    a heap, mountain R.
    increase Sa1h.
    a woman's waist, the swell of the body R. BrahmaP. S3is3.
    a particular measure
    descending (= %{ava-roha} ?)
  238. आरोहण (ārohaṇa) (ārohaṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. arising, ascending Ma1rkP.
    (%{am}) n. the act of rising, ascending S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. S3ak. MBh. &c.
    a carriage S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    an elevated stage for dancing MBh.
    a ladder, staircase
    the rising or growing of new shoots, growing (of plants)
    a particular measure L.
  239. आरोहिन् (ārohin) (ārohin)
    mfn. ascending, mounting
    one who mounts, rides Pan5cat. VarBr2.
    leading to, helping to attain Pan5cat.
  240. आर्जव (ārjava) (ārjava)
    mfn. (fr. %{Rju} g. %{pRthvAdi} Pa1n2. 5-1, 122), straight
    honest, sincere Katha1s.
    m. N. of a teacher VP.
    (%{am}) n. straightness, straight direction Sa1h.
    rectitude, propriety of act or observance
    honesty, frankness, sincerity ChUp. A1p. Gaut. MBh. R. Mn. &c.
  241. आर्त (ārta) (ārta)
    mfn. (optionally also written %{Artta}, whence erroneously derived fr. %{Rt} or even regarded as irreg. formation fr. %{ard}
    see also Weber in S3Br. p. 339, l. 20 ff.) fallen into (misfortune), struck by calamity, afflicted, pained, disturbed
    oppressed, suffering, sick, unhappy S3Br. TS. Mn. R. S3ak. Ragh. &c.
  242. आर्ति (ārti) (ārti)
    1 f. painful occurrence, pain, injury, mischief
    sickness AV. VS. Ka1tyS3r. R. Megh. &c.
    (for 2. %{Arti} see s. v.)
  243. आर्थ (ārtha) (ārtha)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{artha}), relating to a thing or object
    material, significant (opposed to %{zAbda} q.v.) Sa1h.
    resulting from or based on the possession of a thing Pat.
  244. आर्द्र (ārdra) (ārdra)
    mf(%{A})n. (%{ard} Un2. ii, 18) wet, moist, damp RV. TS. S3Br. MBh. Mn. Sus3r. Megh. &c.
    fresh, not dry, succulent, green (as a plant), living AV. S3Br. R. Sus3r. MBh. &c.
    fresh, new Katha1s.
    soft, tender, full of feeling, warm
    loose, flaccid Katha1s. Megh. Pan5cat. &c.
    m. N. of a grandson of Pr2ithu Hariv. VP.
    (%{A}) f. the fourth or sixth Nakshatra or lunar mansion AV. MBh. VarBr2S.
    (%{am}) n. fresh ginger Vishn2us.
    dampness, moisture Hariv.
  245. आर्द्रक (ārdraka) (ārdraka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. wet, moist Bhpr. VarBr2S.
    born under the constellation A1rdra1 Pa1n2. 4-3, 28
    m. N. of a king VP.
    (%{am}) n. [and %{ikA} f. L.] ginger in its undried state Sus3r.
  246. आर्य (ārya) (ārya)
    m. (fr. %{arya4}, %{R}), a respectable or honourable or faithful man, an inhabitant of A1rya1varta
    one who is faithful to the religion of his country
    N. of the race which immigrated from Central Asia into A1rya1varta (opposed to %{an-Arya}, %{dasyu}, %{dAsa})
    in later times N. of the first three castes (opposed to %{zUdra})VS. MBh. Ya1jn5. Pan5cat. &c.
    a man highly esteemed, a respectable, honourable man Pan5cat. S3ak. &c.
    a master, an owner
    a friend
    a Vais3ya
    (with Buddhists [Pa1li %{ayyo}, or %{ariyo}]) a man who has thought on the four chief truths of Buddhism (see next col.) and lives accordingly, a Buddhist priest
    a son of Manu Sa1varn2a Hariv.
    (mf(%{A} and %{A4rI})n.) A1ryan, favourable to the A1ryan people RV. &c.
    behaving like an A1ryan, worthy of one, honourable, respectable, noble R. Mn. S3ak. &c.
    of a good family
    (%{A}) f. a name of Pa1rvati1 Hariv.
    a kind of metre of two lines (each line consisting of seven and a half feet
    each foot containing four instants, except the sixth of the second line, which contains only one, and is therefore a single short syllable
    hence there are thirty instants in the first line and twenty-seven in the second)
    [cf. Old Germ. {e7ra}
    Mod. Germ. {Ehre}
    Irish {Erin}.]
  247. आर्ष (ārṣa) (ārṣa)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to or derived from R2ishis (i.e. the poets of the Vedic and other old hymns), archaistic MBh. R. &c.
    m. a form of marriage derived from the R2ishis (the father of the bride receiving one or two pairs of kine from the bridegroom) A1s3vGr2. i, 6, 4 Mn. iii, 21 Ya1jn5. i, 58 (cf. %{vivAha})
    (%{I}) f. a wife married by the above form of marriage Vishn2us. xxiv, 31
    (%{am}) n. the speech of a R2ishi, the holy text, the Vedas Nir. RPra1t. Mn.
    sacred descent Comm. on La1t2y. Ya1jn5.
    the derivation (of a poem) from a R2ishi author.
  248. आर्षेय (ārṣeya) (ārṣeya)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to or derived from a R2ishi, of sacred descent [153,1]
    venerable, respectable RV. VS. AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    m. N. of Agni
    (%{am}) n. sacred descent AitBr. Ka1tyS3r. S3Br. &c.
    N. of several Sa1mans.
  249. आलम्बन (ālambana) (ālambana)
    n. depending on or resting upon
    hanging from Pa1n2.
    supporting, sustaining Megh.
    foundation, base Prab. Kat2hUp.
    reason, cause
    (in rhetoric) the natural and necessary connection of a sensation with the cause which excites it Sa1h.
    the mental exercise practised by the Yogin in endeavouring to realize the gross form of the Eternal VP.
    silent repetition of a prayer [W.]
    (with Buddhists) the five attributes of things (apprehended by or connected with the five senses, viz. form, sound, smell, taste, and touch
    also %{dharma} or law belonging to %{manas}).
  250. आलम्बिन् (ālambin) (ālambin)
    mfn. hanging from, resting or leaning upon
    depending on or from Pan5cat. MBh. Ragh.
    laying hold of, supporting, maintaining Hit.
    wearing Kum.
    (%{inas}) m. pl. the school of A1lambi
  251. आलय (ālaya) (ālaya)
    see %{A-lI}. m. and n. a house, dwelling
    a receptacle, asylum R. Ya1jn5. Katha1s. &c.
    (often ifc. e.g. %{himA7laya}, `" the abode of snow. "')
  252. आलस्य (ālasya) (ālasya)
    n. idleness, sloth, want of energy MBh. Mn. Ya1jn5. Sus3r. &c.
    (mfn.) idle, slothful
  253. आलाप (ālāpa) (ālāpa)
    m. speaking to, addressing
    conversation, communication Pan5cat. Hit. Katha1s. S3ak. &c.
    the singing or twittering of birds Katha1s.
    statement of the question in an arithmetical or algebraic sum
    a lesson Jain.
    (%{A}) f. (in music) a particular Mu1rcchana1 or melody. &c. see %{A-lap}.
  254. आलापिन् (ālāpin) (ālāpin)
    mfn. speaking or conversing with Bhartr2.
    (%{inI}) f. a lute made of a gourd
    (in music) a particular interval.
  255. आलेख्य (ālekhya) (ālekhya)
    mfn. to be written or delineated or painted
    (%{am}) n. writing, painting
    a picture, portrait R. S3ak. Vikr.
  256. आलोक (āloka) (āloka)
    m. looking, seeing, beholding
    sight, aspect, vision Katha1s. Megh. Mr2icch. S3ak. Ragh. &c.
    light, lustre, splendour
    glimmer R. MBh.
    flattery, praise, complimentary language
    panegyric Ragh.
    section, chapter
    N. of wk.
  257. आलोकन (ālokana) (ālokana)
    mfn. looking at
    (%{am}) n. seeing, looking
    sight, beholding Ya1jn5. Ragh. Kum. Katha1s. Sa1h. &c.
  258. आलोकिन् (ālokin) (ālokin)
    mfn. seeing, beholding
    contemplating Bhartr2. Katha1s.
  259. आलोहित (ālohita) (ālohita)
    mfn. reddish Katha1s.
  260. आवन्त (āvanta) (āvanta)
    m. (fr. %{avanti}), a king of Avanti (the district of Oujein) VarBr2S.
    N. of a son of Dhr2isht2a Hariv., (cf. %{avanta})
    (%{I}) f. the language of Avanti.
  261. आवन्त्य (āvantya) (āvantya)
    mfn. coming from or being in the country Avanti Sus3r.
    m. a king or inhabitant of Avanti MBh. Hariv.
    (according to Manu x, 21 the A1vantyas are offsprings of degraded Bra1hmans.)
  262. आवरण (āvaraṇa) (āvaraṇa)
    mfn. covering, hiding, concealing Ragh.
    (%{am}) n. the act of covering, concealing, hiding Sus3r. Ragh.
    shutting, enclosing
    an obstruction, interruption Mn. Sus3r. Ragh.
    a covering, garment, cloth MBh. Kir. S3ak. Ragh.
    anything that protects, an outer bar or fence
    a wall
    a shield
    a bolt, lock MBh. R. Ragh. &c.
    (in phil.) mental blindness Jain.
  263. आवर्त (āvarta) (āvarta)
    &c. see %{A-vRt}. m. turning, winding, turning round, revolving R. Sa1h. Sus3r.
    whirl, gulf, whirlpool S3Br. Megh. MBh. Ragh. &c.
    deliberation, revolving (in the mind)
    a lock of hair that curls backwards (especially on a horse considered lucky), a curl R. S3is3. &c. [156,2]
    the two depressions of the forehead above the eyebrows Sus3r.
    a crowded place where many men live close together
    a kind of jewel
    N. of a form of cloud personified
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river
    (%{am}) n. a mineral substance, pyrites, marcasite
  264. आवलि (āvali) (āvali)
    %{is} and %{I} f. (%{val} T.), a row, range
    a continuous line
    a series
    dynasty, lineage Vikr. BhP. Prab. Hit. &c.
  265. आवश्यक (āvaśyaka) (āvaśyaka)
    mfn. (fr. %{avazya}), necessary, inevitable Comm. on Kum. and Ragh.
    (%{am}) n. necessity, inevitable act or conclusion Pa1n2.
    religious duty Jain.
    a call of nature Mn.
  266. आवह (āvaha) (āvaha)
    mf(%{A})n. bringing, bringing to pass, producing
    what bears or conveys Mn. Bhag. R. Pan5cat. &c.
    m. N. of one of the seven winds or bands of air (that which is usually assigned to the %{bhuvar-loka} or atmospheric region between the %{bhUr-loka} and %{svar-loka}) Hariv.
    one of the seven tongues of fire. [155,2]
  267. आवार (āvāra) (āvāra)
    &c. see 1. %{A-vR}. m. shelter, defence
    ifc. enclosing, keeping out.
  268. आवाह (āvāha) (āvāha)
    m. inviting, invitation MBh.
    N. of a son of S3vaphalka Hariv.
  269. आवाहन (āvāhana) (āvāhana)
    n. sending for, inviting, calling Ya1jn5. VP. VarBr2S.
    invocation, invitation
    (%{I}) f. a particular position of the hands (the palms being placed together, and the thumbs turned towards the root of the ring-finger)
  270. आविक (āvika) (āvika)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{avi}), relating to or coming from sheep MBh. Mn. Ya1jn5. Gaut. Sus3r.
    woollen Mn. Sus3r.
    (%{I}) f. and (%{am}) n. a sheepskin R. A1p.
    (%{am}) n. [and m. L.] a woollen cloth or blanket S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c.
  271. आविल (āvila) (āvila)
    mfn. (also written %{A-bila} q.v.) turbid (as a fluid), foul, not clear Sus3r. Ragh. Kum. MBh. &c.
    (ifc.) polluted by or mixed with.
  272. आविष्ट (āviṣṭa) (āviṣṭa)
    mfn. entered BhP. Katha1s. &c.
    being on or in BhP. R.
    intent on
    possessed (by a demon &c.)
    subject to, burdened with
    possessed, engrossed
    filled (by any sentiment or feeling) MBh. AitBr. Hariv. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c.
  273. आवृत् (āvṛt) (āvṛt)
    1 P. (only pf. in RV., %{-vava4rta}) A1. %{-vartate} (aor. 3. sg. %{A74vRtsata} RV. viii, 1, 29
    Inf. %{-vR4te} RV. iii, 42, 3) to turn or draw round or back or near RV. S3a1n3khS3r.
    to turn or go towards
    to turn round or back, return, revolveVS. S3Br. ChUp. MBh. Katha1s. R. &c.: Caus. P. %{-vartayati} (Ved. Subj. %{-vava4rtati} Pot. %{-vavRtyAt}, &c.) A1. %{-vartayate} (Ved. Pot. %{-vavRtIta}, &c.) to cause to turn, roll
    to draw or turn towards
    to lead near or towards
    to bring back
    to turn round or backVS. TBr. MBh. BhP. &c.
    to repeat, recite, say repeatedly
    to pray A1s3vS3r. Ka1tyS3r. Katha1s. R. Hariv. &c.: Intens. %{-varIvartti} RV. i, 164, 31 AV. ix, 10, 11, &c., to move quickly or repeatedly.
  274. आवृत (āvṛta) (āvṛta)
    mfn. covered, concealed, hid
    screenedS3Br. Katha1s. MBh. BhP. &c.
    enclosed, encompassed, surrounded (by a ditch, wall, &c.) Mn. R. Ra1jat. Pan5cat. &c.
    invested, involved
    spread, overspread, overcast
    filled with, abounding with
    m. a man of mixed origin (the son of a Bra1hman by a woman of the Ugra caste) Mn. x, 15.
  275. आवृत्ति (āvṛtti) (āvṛtti)
    f. turning towards, entering, turning back or from, reversion, retreat, flight
    recurrence to the same point TS. S3Br. Bhag. Katha1s. &c.
    repetition Ka1tyS3r.
    repetition (as a figure of rhetoric) Ka1vya7d.
    turn of a way, course, direction
    revolving, going round S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    worldly existence, the revolution of births Kap.
    use, employment, application.
  276. आवृष्टि (āvṛṣṭi) (āvṛṣṭi)
    f. id. (both only in comp. with %{nis}).
  277. आवेग (āvega) (āvega)
    m. (%{vij}), hurry or haste produced by excitement [156,3]
    flurry, agitation S3ak. Mr2icch. Katha1s. Kir. &c.
    (%{I}) f. N. of the plant Argyreia Speciosa
  278. आवेश (āveśa) (āveśa)
    m. joining one's self Ka1tyS3r.
    entering, entrance, taking possession of MBh. S3ak. Prab. &c.
    absorption of the faculties in one wish or idea, intentness, devotedness to an object BhP.
    demoniacal frenzy, possession, anger, wrath Ba1lar. Ka1d.
    pride, arrogance
    indistinctness of idea, apoplectic or epileptic giddiness &c. see %{A-viz}.
  279. आश (āśa) (āśa)
    1 m. (1. %{az}), reaching, obtaining (cf. %{dur-}.) 2 m. (2. %{az}), food
    eating S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c. (cf. %{prAtar-Aza}, %{sAyam-Aza}, &c.
    %{hutA7za}, %{AzrayA7za}, &c.)
  280. आश (āśa) (āśa)
    1 m. (1. %{az}), reaching, obtaining (cf. %{dur-}.) 2 m. (2. %{az}), food
    eating S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c. (cf. %{prAtar-Aza}, %{sAyam-Aza}, &c.
    %{hutA7za}, %{AzrayA7za}, &c.)
  281. आशंसित (āśaṃsita) (āśaṃsita)
    mfn. hoped, expected
    suspected, feared
    told, announced R. Kir. BhP. Ragh.
  282. आशङ्का (āśaṅkā) (āśaṅkā)
    f. fear, apprehension
    doubt, uncertainty
    distrust, suspicion
    objection Katha1s. R. S3is3. &c. (often ifc. e.g. %{vigatA7zaGka} mfn. `" fearless
    doubtless "'
    %{baddhA7zaGka} mfn. `" filled with anxiety "')
    (%{am}) n. (as the last word of a Tatpurusha compound Pa1n2. 6-2, 21 e.g. %{vacanA7zaGkam}, `" fear of speaking "', &c.)
  283. आशङ्कित (āśaṅkita) (āśaṅkita)
    mfn. feared, dreaded
    doubted &c.
  284. आशय (āśaya) (āśaya)
    &c. see 3. %{A-zI}.
  285. आशा (āśā) (āśā)
    1 f. wish, desire, hope, expectation, prospect AV. S3Br. ChUp. R. S3ak. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c.
    Hope personified as the wife of a Vasu Hariv.
    as the daughter-in-law of Manas Prab.
    (for 2. %{A4zA} see s.v.)
  286. आशा (āśā) (āśā)
    1 f. wish, desire, hope, expectation, prospect AV. S3Br. ChUp. R. S3ak. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c.
    Hope personified as the wife of a Vasu Hariv.
    as the daughter-in-law of Manas Prab.
    (for 2. %{A4zA} see s.v.)
  287. आशु (āśu) (āśu)
    mfn. (1. %{az} Un2. i, 1), fast, quick, going quicklyS3Br. &c.
    (%{us}) m. Ved. the quick one, a horse
    (%{us}, or %{u}) m. n. rice ripening quickly in the rainy season S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    (%{u}) n. N. of a Sa1man
    (%{u}) ind. quickly, quick, immediately, directly Sus3r. Megh. Pan5cat. &c. (cf. Gk. $, $
    Lat. {acu} in {acupedius}, &49452[157,3] {o7cissimus}: of the same origin may be the Lat. {aquila} and {accipiter}.)
  288. आशस् (āśas) (āśas)
    f. (earlier form for 1. %{AzA4}) wish, desire, hope (praise [Sa1y.])vii, 57, 1.
  289. आशावत् (āśāvat) (āśāvat)
    mfn. hoping, having hope, trusting Hit. Mn. Sus3r.
  290. आशित (āśita) (āśita)
    mfn. (p.p. of the Caus. of 2. %{az}) fed, boarded, satiated RV. Ka1tyS3r. HirGr2. R. &c.
    given to eat (as food)
    (%{am}) n. food RV. &c. see 2. %{Aza}, col. 1.
  291. आशिन् (āśin) (āśin)
    mfn. ifc. eating, consuming.
  292. आशिन (āśina) (āśina)
    mfn. aged (having reached old age) RV. i, 27, 13 [eating T.] see %{A7z}, col. 1.
  293. आशिस् (āśis) (āśis)
    1 %{Is} f. asking for, prayer, wishVS. TS. S3Br. &c.
    blessing, benediction
    wishing for any other R. Ragh. Kum. S3ak. &c.
    a particular medicament
    (for 2. %{Azis} see s.v.)
  294. आशउच (āśauca) (āśauca)
    n. (fr. %{a-zuci} Pa1n2. 7-3, 30), impurity Gaut. Mn. Ya1jn5.
  295. आश्चर्य (āścarya) (āścarya)
    1 mfn. (said to be fr. %{car} with %{A} and a sibilant inserted Pa1n2. 6-1, 147), appearing rarely, curious, marvellous, astonishing, wonderful, extraordinary Kat2hUp. Prab. S3ak. Ragh.
    (%{am}) ind. rarely, wonderfully Nir.
    (%{am}) n. strange appearance
    a wonder, miracle, marvel, prodigy
    wonder, surprise, astonishment R. Bhag. S3ak. &c.2 Nom. P. %{Azcaryati}, to be marvellous or strange
  296. आश्रम (āśrama) (āśrama)
    %{as}, %{am} m. n. (%{zram}), a hermitage, the abode of ascetics, the cell of a hermit or of retired saints or sages Mn. R. Das3. Ragh. Megh. &c.
    a stage in the life of a Bra1hman (of which there are four corresponding to four different periods or conditions, viz. 1st, Brahmaca1rin, `" student of the Veda "'
    2nd, Gr2iha-stha, `" householder "'
    3rd, Va1naprastha, `" anchorite "'
    and 4th, Sam2nya1sin, `" abandoner of all worldly concerns "', or sometimes Bhikshu, `" religious beggar "'
    in some places the law-givers mention only three such periods of religious life, the first being then omitted) Mn. R. Sus3r. Ragh. &c.
    a hut built on festal occasions VarBr2S.
    a college, school
    a wood or thicket
    m. N. of a pupil of Pr2ithvi1-dhara.
  297. आश्रमवासिक (āśramavāsika) (āśramavāsika)
    mfn. relating to residence in a hermitage
    (%{AzramavAsikam@parva}, the fifteenth book of the Maha1-bha1rata.)
  298. आश्रय (āśraya) (āśraya)
    &c. see %{A-zri}.
  299. आश्रव (āśrava) (āśrava)
    see %{A-zru}. 1 mfn. listening to, obedient, compliant Ragh. Das3.
    m. promise, engagement
  300. आश्लिष्ट (āśliṣṭa) (āśliṣṭa)
    mfn. adhering, clung to S3Br. Katha1s.
    embracing Hariv. R. S3is3.
    embraced, surrounded
    twisted round MBh. Katha1s. Ragh. &c.
  301. आश्लेष (āśleṣa) (āśleṣa)
    m. intimate connection, contact
    slight contact
    embracing, embrace
    intwining MBh. BhP. Megh. Amar. &c.
    adherence, clinging to Nya1yam.
    (%{A4}) f. and (%{A4s}) f. pl.N. of the seventh Nakshatra AV. TS. Sus3r. MBh. VarBr2S.
  302. आश्व (āśva) (āśva)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{azva}), belonging to a horse, equestrian Nir. Sus3r.
    drawn by horses (as a chariot) Comm. on Pa1n2.
    (%{am}) n. a number of horses Pa1n2.
    the state or action of a horse Comm. on Pa1n2.
    N. of several Sa1mans.
  303. आश्वपत (āśvapata) (āśvapata)
    mfn. belonging to As3va-pati Pa1n2.
  304. आश्वमेधिक (āśvamedhika) (āśvamedhika)
    mfn. (fr. id.), belonging to a horse-sacrifice S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1p.
    (%{Azva-medhi-kaM@parva} is the N. of the fourteenth book of the Maha1-bha1rata.)
  305. आश्वयुज (āśvayuja) (āśvayuja)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. id.), born under the constellation As3vayuj Pa1n2. 4-3, 36
    belonging to or occurring in the month A1s3vina VarBr2S.
    m. the month A1s3vina Sus3r. Mn.
    (%{I}) f. (sc. %{paurNa-mAsI}) day of full moon in that month A1s3vGr2.
    Pa1ryajn5a or `" small sacrifice "' [see Indian Wisdom, p. 197, note] to be performed on the day called A1s3vayuji1 A1s3vGr2. S3a1n3khGr2. Gaut.
  306. आश्वलायन (āśvalāyana) (āśvalāyana)
    m. (fr. %{azvala} g. %{naDA7di} Pa1n2. 4-1, 99)N. of a pupil of S3aunaka's, author of Su1tra or ritual works (relating to the R2ig-veda) and founder of a Vedic school
    (mf(%{I})n.) relating or belonging to A1svala1yana
    (%{As}) m. the school of A1s3vala1yana.
  307. आश्विन (āśvina) (āśvina)
    1 mf(%{I})n. like riders or horsemen RV. ix, 86, 4
    (%{am}) n. a day's journey for a horseman AV. vi, 131, 3.
  308. आषाढ (āṣāḍha) (āṣāḍha)
    m. (fr. %{a-SADhA})N. of a month (corresponding to part of June and July) in which the full moon is near the constellation Asha1d2ha1 Sus3r. VarBr2S. Megh. Katha1s. &c.
    a staff of the wood of the Pala1s3a (carried by an ascetic during certain religious observances in the month A1sha1d2ha) Pa1n2. 5-1, 110 Kum. &c.
    N. of a prince MBh.
    the Malaya mountain
    a festival (of Indra) A1p. i, 11, 20
    (%{A}) f. (for %{a-SADhA} q.v.) the twenty-first and twenty-second lunar mansions (commonly compounded with %{pUrva} and %{uttara})
    (%{I}) f. the day of full moon in the month A1sha1d2ha Ka1tyS3r. Vait.
    (mfn.) belonging to the month A1sha1d2ha VarBr2S.
  309. आसक्त (āsakta) (āsakta)
    mfn. fixed or fastened to
    attached to, lying on or upon S3Br. Kum. R. Katha1s. &c.
    attached strongly to, intent on
    zealously following or pursuing MBh. VarBr2. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c.
    wound round, encircled
    accompanied or furnished with
    following directly, immediately proceeding from (acc.) MBh.
  310. आसक्ति (āsakti) (āsakti)
    f. the act of adhering or attaching one's self firmly behind
    placing behind
    waylaying RV.
    devotedness, attachment
    diligence, application
    (%{i}) ind. uninterruptedly, wholly, throughout S3Br.
  311. आसङ्ग (āsaṅga) (āsaṅga)
    m. the act of clinging to or hooking on, association, connection S3ak. Kum. BhP. &c.
    attachment, devotedness Sa1h. Katha1s. &c.
    waylaying RV. S3Br.
    N. of a man RV. viii, 1, 32
    of a son of S3va-phalka BhP. ix, 24, 15
    (%{am}) n. a kind of fragrant earth
    (mfn.) uninterrupted
    (%{am}) ind. uninterruptedly
  312. आसत्ति (āsatti) (āsatti)
    f. vicinity, proximity
    intimate union
    uninterrupted sequence (of words = %{saM-nidhi} q.v.), continual succession Sa1h. Nya1yak. Ragh. &c.
    perplexity MBh.
    reaching, obtaining
    gain, profit
  313. आसन (āsana) (āsana)
    1 (but %{Asana4} S3Br.) n. sitting, sitting down Ka1tyS3r. Mn.
    sitting in peculiar posture according to the custom of devotees, (five or, in other places, even eighty-four postures are enumerated
    see %{padmA7sana}, %{bhadrA7sana}, %{vajrA7sana}, %{vIrA7sana}, %{svastikA7sana}: the manner of sitting forming part of the eightfold observances of ascetics)
    halting, stopping, encamping
    abiding, dwelling AV. xx, 127, 8 Mn. Ya1jn5. Hit. &c.
    seat, place, stool Ka1tyS3r. S3Br. xiv Kum. Mn. &c.
    the withers of an elephant, the part where the driver sits
    maintaining a post against an enemy
    (%{A}) f. stay, abiding
    (%{I}) f. stay, abiding, sitting
    a shop, a stall
    a small seat, a stool Kaus3.
  314. आसन् (āsan) (āsan)
    1 n. (defective Pa1n2. 6-1, 63), mouth, jawsVS. S3Br. TBr.
  315. आसन्न (āsanna) (āsanna)
    mfn. seated down, set down AV. S3a1n3khS3r. Ka1tyS3r. AitBr.
    near, proximate MBh. R. Ragh. Megh. Katha1s. &c.
    reached, obtained, occupied BhP.
    (%{am}) n. nearness, vicinity, proximity R. Katha1s. &c.
    end, death L.
  316. आस् (ās) (ās)
    1 ind. (an interjection implying joy, anger, menace, pain, affliction, recollection) Ah! Oh! &c. [159,3] 2 cl. 2. A1. %{A4ste} (and %{A4sate} AV. xi, 8, 32, &c.
    Impv. 2. sg. %{As-sva}, %{Asva}, and %{Asasva}
    2. pl. %{Adhvam}
    p. %{AsAna4}, %{Asat} [R.], and %{AsIna} [see below]
    %{AsAM-cakre} [Pa1n2. 3-1, 87]
    %{Asitum}) to sit, sit down, rest, lieS3Br. Mn. MBh. S3ak. &c.
    to be present
    to exist
    to inhabit, dwell in
    to make one's abode inVS. MBh. &c.
    to sit quietly, abide, remain, continue&c.
    to cease, have an end Pan5cat. Das3. Hit. &c.
    to solemnize, celebrate
    to do anything without interruption
    to continue doing anything
    to continue in any situation
    to last
    (it is used in the sense of `" continuing "', with a participle, adj., or subst. e.g. %{etat@sAma@gAyann@Aste}, `" he continues singing this verse "'
    with an indeclinable participle in %{tvA}, %{ya}, or %{am} e.g. %{upa-rudhya@arim@AsIta}, `" he should continue blockading the foe "'
    with an adverb e.g. %{tUSNIm@Aste}, `" he continues quiet "'
    %{sukham@Asva}, `" continue well "'
    with an inst. case e.g. %{sukhenA7ste}, `" he continues well "'
    with a dat. case e.g. %{AstAM@tuSTaye}, `" may it be to your satisfaction "'): Caus. %{Asayati}, to cause any one to sit down Comm. on Pa1n2.: Desid. A1. %{AsisiSate} ib.
    [cf. Gk. $, $: Lat. {a7sa} changed to {A7ra}
    &50032[159,3] {A7-nus} for {A7s-nus}.] 4 n. (?) mouth, face, (only in abl. and instr.) %{Asa4s} (with the prep. %{A}), from mouth to mouth, in close proximity RV. vii, 99, 7
    %{AsA4} and %{AsayA4} (generally used as an adv.), before one's eyes
    by word of mouth
    in one's own person
    immediately RV. vi, 16, 9, &c.
  317. आसव (āsava) (āsava)
    1 m. distilling, distillation
    rum, spirit distilled from sugar or molasses, spirituous liquor in general
    juice MBh. Sus3r. Vikr. Prab. Ya1jn5. &c.
    the nectar or juice of a flower S3is3. vi, 7
    the nectar or juice of the lips (of a woman), S3a1ntis3.
  318. आसार (āsāra) (āsāra)
    &c. see %{A-zri}. m. surrounding an enemy
    incursion, attack
    a hard shower MBh. Megh. Ragh. Ma1lav. Katha1s. &c.
    a king whose dominions are separated by other states and who is an ally in war Ka1m.
  319. आसित (āsita) (āsita)
    mfn. seated, being at rest
    one who has sat down, one who is seated or dwells Katha1s. R. &c.
    (%{am}) n. sitting, sitting down Sa1h. MBh.
    a seat
    a place where one has lived, an abode R.
    way or manner of sitting (cf. %{dur--})
    N. of several Sa1mans.
  320. आसिधार (āsidhāra) (āsidhāra)
    mfn. (fr. %{asi-dhArA}), relating to or being like the edge of a sword (e.g. %{-M@vratam}, a vow as difficult as standing on the edge of a sword Ragh. xii, 67) Katha1s.
  321. आसुर (āsura) (āsura)
    1 mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{asura}), spiritual, divine RV. VS. AV.
    belonging or devoted to evil spirits
    belonging or relating to the AsurasVS. Ka1tyS3r. Prab. Das3. &c.
    infernal, demoniacal
    m. an Asura or demon AV. AitBr. Pa1n2.
    a form of marriage (in which the bridegroom purchases the bride from her father and paternal kinsmen) A1s3vGr2. i, 6, 6 Mn. iii, 31 (cf. %{vivAha})
    (%{As}) m. pl. the stars of the southern hemisphere Su1ryas. &c.
    a prince of the warrior-tribe Asura Pa1n2.
    (%{I}) f. a female demon
    a division of medicine (surgery, curing by cutting with instruments, applying the actual cautery)
    N. of the plant Sinapis Ramosa
    the urethra BhP.
    (%{am}) n. blood
    black salt
  322. आसेचन (āsecana) (āsecana)
    n. pouring into, wetting, sprinkling Ka1tyS3r.
    a reservoir or vessel for fluids RV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    (%{I}) f. a small vessel L.
  323. आसेचनवत् (āsecanavat) (āsecanavat)
    mfn. serving for sprinkling A1s3vGr2. iv, 3, 16 Ka1tyS3r.
  324. आस्तर (āstara) (āstara)
    &c. see %{A-stR}. m. covering
    a coverlet, blanket, carpet
    a bed, cushion, S3a1ntis3. Katha1s.
    N. of a man.
  325. आस्तरण (āstaraṇa) (āstaraṇa)
    %{am}, %{I} n. f. the act of spreading
    a carpet, rug
    a cushion, quilt, bed-clothes
    a bed
    a layer of sacred grass spread out at a sacrifice AV. xv, 3, 7 AitBr. A1s3vGr2. MBh. Pan5cat. &c.
    an elephant's housings, a painted cloth or blanket worn on his back.
  326. आस्तिक (āstika) (āstika)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{asti}, `" there is or exists "' Pa1n2. 4-2, 60), one who believes in the existence (of God, of another world, &c.)
    believing, pious, faithful MBh. Ya1jn5. Sus3r.
    m. = %{AstIka} q.v.
  327. आस्तिक्य (āstikya) (āstikya)
    n. (fr. %{Astika}), belief in God, piety, faithfulness
    a believing nature or disposition MBh. Bhag. BhP.
  328. आस्तीर्ण (āstīrṇa) (āstīrṇa)
    mfn. spread, strewed, scattered Ka1tyS3r. Katha1s. Ragh.
    covered MBh. R. Sus3r. &c.
  329. आस्था (āsthā) (āsthā)
    1 P. A1. %{-tiSThati}, %{-te}, to stand or remain on or by
    to ascend, mount
    to stay near, go towards, resort toS3Br. A1s3vGr2. MBh. R. BhP. Kum. &c.
    to act according to, follow R. BhP.
    to undertake, perform, do, carry out, practise, use MBh. R. Hariv. BhP. Katha1s. &c.
    to side or take part with, be of the opinion of
    to maintain, affirm Pat.
    to acknowledge
    to take care for, have regard for MBh. Sarvad. &c.: Caus. %{-sthApayati}, to cause to ascend Kaus3.
    to cause to stay or stop
    to arrest, stop RV. Kaus3.
    to fix into, put into AitBr. BhP. Katha1s.
    to hurt RV.
    to constipate
    to strengthen Sus3r.
    to introduce Sa1h. 2 f. consideration, regard, care, care for (with loc. e.g. %{mayy@AsthA}, care for me) Hit. Ragh. Katha1s. &c.
    assent, promise
    confidence, hope
    prop, stay, support
    place or means of abiding
    an assembly
    state, condition
  330. आस्पद (āspada) (āspada)
    n. (ifc. mf[%{A}]n. fr. %{pada} with %{A} prefixed, %{s} being inserted), place, seat, abode S3ak. Katha1s. Mr2icch. Bhartr2. Das3. &c.
    the tenth lunar mansion VarBr2.
    business, affair
    dignity, authority
    power L.
  331. आस्य (āsya) (āsya)
    n. [ifc. mf(%{A})n.] mouth, jawsVS. MBh. &c.
    face Ya1jn5.
    (mfn.) belonging to the mouth or face, belonging to that part of the mouth or face, belonging to that part of the mouth which is the organ of uttering sounds or letters Pa1n2. Siddh. Ka1s3. &c. [160,1] &c. see 4. %{As}.
  332. आस्रव (āsrava) (āsrava)
    m. the foam on boiling rice
    a door opening into water and allowing the stream to descend through it Sarvad.
    (with Jainas) the action of the senses which impels the soul towards external objects (one of the seven Sattvas or substances
    it is two fold, as good or evil) Sarvad.
    distress, affliction, pain
  333. आस्वाद (āsvāda) (āsvāda)
    m. eating with a relish, tasting, enjoying (also metaphorically) Mn. Katha1s. Sa1h. Ya1jn5. &c.
    flavour, taste R. Pan5cat. Megh. &c.
  334. आहत (āhata) (āhata)
    mfn. struck, beaten, hit, hurt R. Ragh. Kum. Katha1s. VarBr2. &c.
    fastened, fixed
    beaten, caused to sound (as a drum &c.) MBh. Hariv. Ragh. &c.
    crushed, rubbed S3is3.
    rendered null, destroyed, frustrated BhP. VarBr2S.
    multiplied VarBr2S. [162,2]
    hit, blunted (said of a Visarga, when changed to %{o}) Sa1h.
    uttered falsely
    known, understood
    repeated, mentioned
    m. a drum
    (%{am}) n. old cloth or raiment
    new cloth or clothes
    assertion of an impossibility L.
  335. आहति (āhati) (āhati)
    f. hitting, striking
    a blow, hit Katha1s. Ratna1v. Kpr. &c.
    (in arith.) a product, A1rvabh. Bi1jag.
  336. आहनस् (āhanas) (āhanas)
    mfn. to be beaten or pressed out (as Soma)
    to be skimmed (as milk) RV.
    to be beaten (as an unchaste woman)
    unchaste, wanton
    obscene, lascivious, profligate RV. v, 42, 13
    x, 10, 6. 8.
  337. आहर (āhara) (āhara)
    &c. see %{A-hR}. 1 mfn. ifc. bringing, fetching Ragh.
    m. taking, seizing
    accomplishing, offering (a sacrifice) MBh. Ka1d.
    drawing in breath, inhaling
    inhaled air
    breath inspired, inspiration2 (2. sg. Impv. forming irregular Tatpurusha compounds with the following words):
  338. आहरण (āharaṇa) (āharaṇa)
    mfn. ifc. taking away, robbing
    (%{am}) n. taking, seizing, bringing, fetching Ka1tyS3r. S3ak. &c.
    extracting, removing Sus3r.
    accomplishing, offering (a sacrifice) MBh.
    battle, combat
    causing, inducing
  339. आहव (āhava) (āhava)
    &c. see %{A-hu} & %{A-hve}. 1 m. sacrificing, sacrifice
    (for 2. %{A-hava} see %{A-hve}.)
  340. आहव (āhava) (āhava)
    &c. see %{A-hu} & %{A-hve}. 1 m. sacrificing, sacrifice
    (for 2. %{A-hava} see %{A-hve}.)
  341. आहवन (āhavana) (āhavana)
    n. offering an oblation, offering sacrifice, a sacrifice RV. vii, 1, 17
    8, 5. [162,3]
  342. आहवनीय (āhavanīya) (āhavanīya)
    mfn. to be offered as an oblation
    (%{AhavanI4ya}) m. (scil. %{agni}) consecrated fire taken from the householder's perpetual fire and prepared for receiving oblations
    especially the eastern of the three fires burning at a sacrifice AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vS3r. ChUp. &c.
  343. आहार (āhāra) (āhāra)
    &c. see %{A-hR}. mf(%{I})n. ifc. bringing near, procuring
    being about to fetch, going to fetch MBh.
    (%{as}) m. taking [163,1]
    fetching, bringing near Ka1tyS3r. R.
    employing, use Ka1tyS3r.
    taking food
    food [e.g. %{A-hAraM} 1. %{kR}, to take food, eat MBh. &c.]
    livelihood Hit. Pan5cat. R. Mn. Sus3r. &c.
  344. आहार्य (āhārya) (āhārya)
    mfn. to be taken or seized
    to be fetched or brought near A1s3vS3r. Ka1tyS3r. Mn.
    to be extracted or removed Sus3r.
    to be taken or eaten
    what may be removed, adventitious, accessory, incidental
    m. a kind of bandage Sus3r.
    (%{am}) n. any disease to be treated by the operation of extracting
    extraction Sus3r.
    a vessel AV. ix, 1, 23
    6, 18
    the decorative part of a drama (the press, decorations, &c.) L.
  345. आहित (āhita) (āhita)
    mfn. placed on, placed, deposited, put on Pa1n2. 8-4, 8MBh. &c.
    added (as fuel to the fire)
    one who has added
    deposited, pledged, pawned Comm. on Ya1jn5. &c.
    given, delivered
    performed, done, effected MBh.
    entertained, felt
    comprising, containing.
  346. आहिताग्नि (āhitāgni) (āhitāgni)
    mfn. one who has placed the sacred fire upon the altar
    (%{is}) m. sacrificer, a Bra1hman who maintains a perpetual sacred fire in a family &c. TS. S3Br. &c.
    %{AhitA7gny-Adi} m. a g. (Pa1n2. 2-2, 37).
  347. आहुक (āhuka) (āhuka)
    m. N. of a king (great, grandfather of Kr2ishna, a son or grandson of Abhijit) MBh. Hariv. VP.
    (%{I}) f. a sister of that king Hariv. VP.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a people MBh.
  348. आहुत (āhuta) (āhuta)
    mfn. offered as an oblation, sacrificedS3a1n3khS3r.
    laid in the fire (as a corpse) RV. x, 16, 5
    offering made to men, hospitality (= %{manuSya-yajJa} q.v.)
    nourishment of all created beings (considered as one of the five principal sacrifices of the Hindu1s
    cf. %{bhUta-yajJa})
  349. आहुति (āhuti) (āhuti)
    1 f. offering oblations with fire to the deities
    any solemn rite accompanied with oblationsTS. AitBr. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (%{is}) m. N. of a son of Babhru MBh. Hariv. VP.2 f. calling, invoking [sometimes with this sense in the oldest Vedic texts, but see the more correct form %{A-hUti}]
    (for 1. %{A-huti} see %{A-hu}.)
  350. आहूत (āhūta) (āhūta)
    mfn. called, summoned, invoked, invited.
  351. आह्वान (āhvāna) (āhvāna)
    n. calling, invitation, a call or summons MBh. Pan5cat. Hit.
    invocation of a deity Mn. MBh.
    challenge R.
    legal summons Mr2icch. Comm. on Ya1jn5.
    an appellation, a name
    a particular calling in rites = 2. %{A-hAva} q.v.
  352. इकार (ikāra) (ikāra)
  353. इक्षु (ikṣu) (ikṣu)
    m. (2. %{iS} Un2. iii, 157), the sugar-cane AV. i, 34, 5 Kaus3. A1s3vGr2. Mn. &c.
    (twelve species of it are enumerated Sus3r.)
    the stem of the sugar-cane Mn.
    eyelash VS. TS. &c.
    N. of a king VP.
  354. इक्ष्वाकु (ikṣvāku) (ikṣvāku)
    [RV.] and %{i4kSvAku} [AV.]. m. N. of a man RV. x, 60, 7 AV. xix, 39, 9
    of a son of Manu Vaivasvata (father of Kukshi and first king of the solar dynasty in Ayodhya1) MBh. R. Bhag. Hariv. VP.
    a descendant of Ikshva1ku R. Ragh.
    (some Buddhists as well as the Jainas derive their Cakravartins and many of their Arhats from Ikshva1ku)
    (%{avas}) m. N. of a warrior-tribe descended from Ikshva1ku VarBr2S.
    (%{us}) f. a bitter gourd
    according to some, the Coloquintida (Citrillus Colocynthis), the fruit of a wild species of Lagenaria Vulgaris Sus3r.
  355. इङ्गित (iṅgita) (iṅgita)
    n. palpitation
    change of the voice, internal motion, motion of various parts of the body as indicating the intentions
    hint, sign, gesture
    aim, intention, real but covert purpose Mn. R. MBh. Sus3r. Hit. Ragh. &c.
  356. इच्छा (icchā) (icchā)
    f. wish, desire, inclination, K.: Mn. Ya1jn5. Pan5cat. Ragh. &c.
    (in math.) a question or problem
    (in gram.) the desiderative form APra1t.
    (%{icchayA} ind. according to wish or desire Pan5cat. Hit. Megh. &c.
    %{icchAM@ni-grah}, to suppress one's desire.)
  357. इष् (iṣ) (iṣ)
    1 cl. 1. P. %{eSati} (see %{anu-} 1. %{iS} and %{pari-} 1. %{iS}) A1. %{eSate}, to seek, search BhP.: cl. 4. P. %{i4Syati} and 9. P. A1. %{iSNA4ti} (p. %{iSNa4t} RV. i, 181, 6, and %{iSNAna4} RV. i, 61, 13
    pf. 3. pl. %{ISus} RV., and %{ISire4} AV.
    inf. %{iSa4dhyai} RV. vii, 43, 1) to cause to move quickly, let fly, throw, cast, swing RV.
    to send out or off, stream out, pour out, discharge
    to deliver (a speech), announce, proclaim AV. S3Br.
    to impel, incite, animate, promoteVS. S3Br. 2 ifc. mfn. moving quickly, speedy. see %{aram-iS}. 3 cl. 6. P., ep. and Ved. also A1. %{ic-cha4ti} (Subj. %{icchAt} ), %{icchate} (AV. xi, 5, 17
    impf. %{aicchat}, %{iyeSa} and %{ISe}, %{eSiSyate}, %{aiSIt}, %{eSitum} or %{eSTum}), to endeavour to obtain, strive, seek forS3Br. AitBr.
    to endeavour to make favourable
    to desire, wish, long for, request
    to wish or be about to do anything, intendS3Br. R. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    to strive to obtain anything (acc.) from any one (abl. or loc.)
    to expect or ask anything from any one MBh. Mn. S3ak. Ragh. Hit. &c.
    to assent, be favourable, concede Ka1tyS3r. Mn. Katha1s.
    to choose Mn.
    to acknowledge, maintain, regard, think Pa1n2. Comm.: Pass. %{iSyate}, to be wished or liked
    to be wanted MBh. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    to be asked or requested
    to be prescribed or ordered Mn. R.
    to be approved or acknowledged
    to be accepted or regarded as MBh. Prab. Ya1jn5. Mn. &c.
    to be worth
    to be wanted as a desideratum see 2. %{iSTi}: Caus. %{eSayati}, (in surg.) to probe Sus3r. ii, 7, 15: Desid. %{eSiSiSati}
    [with %{iS} cf. Old Germ. {eisco7m}, `" I ask "'
    Mod. Germ. {heische}
    Angl. Sax. {a4sciani} cf. also Gk. $, $
    Lith. {je0sko4ti}
    Russ. {iskate}, `" to seek. "'] &52923[169,1] 4 mfn. ifc. seeking for (see %{gav-iS}, %{pazv-iS}, &c.)
    %{T} f. wish Hariv. [cf. %{iT-cara}]. 5 %{T} f. anything drunk, a draught, refreshment, enjoyment
    the refreshing waters of the sky
    sap, strength, freshness, comfort, increase
    good condition, affluenceVS. AitBr.
  358. इष् (iṣ) (iṣ)
    1 cl. 1. P. %{eSati} (see %{anu-} 1. %{iS} and %{pari-} 1. %{iS}) A1. %{eSate}, to seek, search BhP.: cl. 4. P. %{i4Syati} and 9. P. A1. %{iSNA4ti} (p. %{iSNa4t} RV. i, 181, 6, and %{iSNAna4} RV. i, 61, 13
    pf. 3. pl. %{ISus} RV., and %{ISire4} AV.
    inf. %{iSa4dhyai} RV. vii, 43, 1) to cause to move quickly, let fly, throw, cast, swing RV.
    to send out or off, stream out, pour out, discharge
    to deliver (a speech), announce, proclaim AV. S3Br.
    to impel, incite, animate, promoteVS. S3Br. 2 ifc. mfn. moving quickly, speedy. see %{aram-iS}. 3 cl. 6. P., ep. and Ved. also A1. %{ic-cha4ti} (Subj. %{icchAt} ), %{icchate} (AV. xi, 5, 17
    impf. %{aicchat}, %{iyeSa} and %{ISe}, %{eSiSyate}, %{aiSIt}, %{eSitum} or %{eSTum}), to endeavour to obtain, strive, seek forS3Br. AitBr.
    to endeavour to make favourable
    to desire, wish, long for, request
    to wish or be about to do anything, intendS3Br. R. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    to strive to obtain anything (acc.) from any one (abl. or loc.)
    to expect or ask anything from any one MBh. Mn. S3ak. Ragh. Hit. &c.
    to assent, be favourable, concede Ka1tyS3r. Mn. Katha1s.
    to choose Mn.
    to acknowledge, maintain, regard, think Pa1n2. Comm.: Pass. %{iSyate}, to be wished or liked
    to be wanted MBh. Hit. S3ak. &c.
    to be asked or requested
    to be prescribed or ordered Mn. R.
    to be approved or acknowledged
    to be accepted or regarded as MBh. Prab. Ya1jn5. Mn. &c.
    to be worth
    to be wanted as a desideratum see 2. %{iSTi}: Caus. %{eSayati}, (in surg.) to probe Sus3r. ii, 7, 15: Desid. %{eSiSiSati}
    [with %{iS} cf. Old Germ. {eisco7m}, `" I ask "'
    Mod. Germ. {heische}
    Angl. Sax. {a4sciani} cf. also Gk. $, $
    Lith. {je0sko4ti}
    Russ. {iskate}, `" to seek. "'] &52923[169,1] 4 mfn. ifc. seeking for (see %{gav-iS}, %{pazv-iS}, &c.)
    %{T} f. wish Hariv. [cf. %{iT-cara}]. 5 %{T} f. anything drunk, a draught, refreshment, enjoyment
    the refreshing waters of the sky
    sap, strength, freshness, comfort, increase
    good condition, affluenceVS. AitBr.
  359. इडा (iḍā) (iḍā)
    f. or (in R2ig-veda)
  360. इत (ita) (ita)
    mfn. ifc. gone
    obtained (cf. %{anita}, %{ud-ita}, &c.)
    (%{a4m}) n. way S3Br.
  361. इतर (itara) (itara)
    mf(%{A})n. (the neuter is %{ad} in classical Sanskr2it, but %{am} [%{ad} S3Br.] in Ved. Pa1n2. 7-1, 25, 26
    comparative form of pronom. base 3. %{i}
    cf. Lat. {iterum}
    Hib. {iter}), the other (of two), another
    (pl,) the rest
    (with abl.) different fromS3Br. MBh. R. Mn. Ragh. Hit. &c.
    low, vile Ka1d.
    expelled, rejected
    (%{A}) f. said to be a N. of the mother of Aitareya
    (%{ad}) ind. whereas, whilst Subh.
    %{itara}, %{itara}, the one - the other, this - that. (%{itara} connected antithetically with a preceding word often signifies the contrary idea e.g. %{vijayAya@itarAya@vA} [MBh.], to victory or defeat
    so in Dvandva compounds, %{sukhe7tareSu} [S3vetUp.], in happiness and distress
    it sometimes, however, forms a Tat-purusha compound with another word to express the one idea implied in the contrary of that word, e.g. %{dakSiNe7tara}, the left hand.)
  362. इतरेतर (itaretara) (itaretara)
    mfn. (occurring chiefly in oblique cases of sing. and in comp.
    perhaps for %{itaras-itara}
    cf. %{anyo'nya}, %{paras-para}), one another, one with another, mutual, respective, several
    (%{am}) n. or adv. mutually, &c. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Ragh. &c.
    %{-kAmyA} f. respective or several fancies or inclinations
    %{-pratyaya} mfn. dependent on each other
    %{-pratyaya-tva} n. mutual dependance Ba1dar.
    %{-yoga} m. mutual connexion or relation (of the simple members, as in a Dvandva compound) Siddh. i, p. 431. [165,1]
  363. इतिहास (itihāsa) (itihāsa)
    m. (%{iti-ha-Asa}, `" so indeed it was "'), talk, legend, tradition, history, traditional accounts of former events, heroic history S3Br. MBh. Mn. &c.
  364. इध्म (idhma) (idhma)
    m. (n. L.) fuel in, general
    fuel as used for the sacred fireS3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vGr2. MBh. &c.
    m. N. of an A1n3girasa GopBr.
    [cf. Zd. {aesma}
    Hib. {adhmad}.]
  365. इन (ina) (ina)
    mfn. (fr. %{i} Un2. iii, 2
    or fr. %{in} = %{inv}), able, strong, energetic, determined, bold
    powerful, mighty
    glorious RV.: m. a lord, master
    a king BhP.
    N. of an A1ditya
    the sun
    the lunar mansion Hasta L.
  366. इन्दु (indu) (indu)
    m. ( %{und} Un2. i, 13
    probably fr. %{ind} = %{und}, `" to drop "' [see p. 165, col. 3, and cf. %{i4ndra}]
    perhaps connected with %{bindu}, which last is unknown in the R2ig-veda BRD.), Ved. a drop (especially of Soma), SomaVS.
    a bright drop, a spark TS.
    the moon
    (%{avas}) m. pl. the moons i.e. the periodic changes of the moon
    time of moonlight, night RV. MBh. S3ak. Megh. &c.
    (%{us}) m. camphor Bhpr.
    the point on a die AV. vii, 109, 6
    N. of Va1stoshpati RV. vii, 54, 2
    a symbolic expression for the number `" one "'
    designation of the Anusva1ra
    a coin(In the Bra1hman2as, %{indu} is used only for the moon
    but the connexion between the meanings `" Soma juice "' and `" moon "' in the word %{indu} has led to the same two ideas being transferred in classical Sanskr2it to the word %{soma}, although the latter has properly only the sense `" Soma juice. "')
  367. इन्दिरा (indirā) (indirā)
    f. N. of Lakshmi1, wife of Vishn2u Katha1s. BhP.
    beauty, splendour.
  368. इन्दीवर (indīvara) (indīvara)
    or %{indI-vAra}, or %{indi-vara}, %{as}, %{am} m. n. the blossom of a blue lotus, Nymphaea Stellata and Cyanea MBh. R. Sus3r. Prab. &c.
    m. a bee Gi1t.
    (%{I}) f. the plant Asparagus Racemosus
    (%{A}) f. another plant L.
  369. इन्द्र (indra) (indra)
    m. (for etym. as given by native authorities see Nir. x, 8 Sa1y. on RV. i, 3, 4 Un2. ii, 28
    according to BRD. fr. %{in} = %{inv} with suff. %{ra} preceded by inserted %{d}, meaning `" to subdue, conquer "' [166,2]
    according to Muir, S. T. v, 119, for %{sindra} fr. %{syand}, `" to drop "'
    more probably from %{ind}, `" to drop "' q.v., and connected with %{indu} above), the god of the atmosphere and sky
    the Indian Jupiter Pluvius or lord of rain (who in Vedic mythology reigns over the deities of the intermediate region or atmosphere
    he fights against and conquers with his thunder-bolt [%{vajra}] the demons of darkness, and is in general a symbol of generous heroism
    %{indra} was not originally lord of the gods of the sky, but his deeds were most useful to mankind, and he was therefore addressed in prayers and hymns more than any other deity, and ultimately superseded the more lofty and spiritual Varun2a
    in the later mythology %{indra} is subordinated to the triad Brahman, Vishn2u, and S3iva, but remained the chief of all other deities in the popular mind)S3Br. Mn. MBh. R. &c. &c.
    (he is also regent of the east quarter, and considered one of the twelve A1dityas) Mn. R. Sus3r. &c.
    in the Veda1nta he is identified with the supreme being
    a prince
    ifc. best, excellent, the first, the chief (of any class of objects
    cf. %{sure7ndra}, %{rAje7ndra}, %{parvate7ndra}, &c.) Mn. Hit.
    the pupil of the right eye (that of the left being called Indra1n2i1 or Indra's wife) S3Br. Br2A1rUp.
    the number fourteen, Su1ryas
    N. of a grammarian
    of a physician
    the plant Wrightia Antidysenterica (see %{kuTaja})
    a vegetable poison
    the twenty-sixth Yoga or division of a circle on the plane of the ecliptic
    the Yoga star in the twenty-sixth Nakshatra, $ Pegasi
    the human soul, the portion of spirit residing in the body
    one of the nine divisions of Jambu-dvi1pa or the known continent
    (%{A}) f. the wife of Indra see %{indrANI}
    N. of a plant
    (%{I}) f. N. of an attendant of Devi1.
  370. इन्द्रगोप (indragopa) (indragopa)
    or %{A} mfn. Ved. having Indra as one's protector RV. viii, 46, 32
    m. the insect cochineal of various kinds
    a fire-fly (in this sense also %{indra-gopaka}).
  371. इन्द्रद्युम्न (indradyumna) (indradyumna)
    m. N. of several men
    (%{am}) n. N. of a lake MBh. Hariv.
  372. इन्द्रपुरोगम (indrapurogama) (indrapurogama)
    mfn. preceded or led on by Indra, having Indra as leader.
  373. इन्द्रशत्रु (indraśatru) (indraśatru)
    (%{i4ndra-}) mfn. one whose enemy or conqueror is Indra, conquered by Indra RV. i, 32, 6 TS. S3Br.
    m. `" Indra's enemy "'N. of Prahla1da Ragh. vii, 32 BhP. vi, 9, 11 (with both the meanings).
  374. इन्द्राणी (indrāṇī) (indrāṇī)
    f. the wife of IndraVS. TS. MBh. &c.
    N. of Durga1 Hariv., (reckoned as one of the eight mothers [%{mAtRkA}] or divine energies)
    the pupil of the left eye (cf. %{indra}) S3Br.
    a kind of coitus
    the plant Vitex Negundo
    a species of Colocynth Nir.
  375. इन्द्राबृहस्पति (indrābṛhaspati) (indrābṛhaspati)
    %{I} m. du. Indra and Br2ihaspati RV.
  376. इन्द्रावरुण (indrāvaruṇa) (indrāvaruṇa)
    %{A} m. du. Indra and Varun2a
  377. इन्द्रिय (indriya) (indriya)
    mfn. fit for or belonging to or agreeable to IndraVS.
    m. a companion of Indra(?) RV. i, 107, 2 AV. xix, 27, 1
    (%{am}) n. power, force, the quality which belongs especially to the mighty IndraVS. TS. AitBr. S3Br.
    exhibition of power, powerful act RV. VS.
    bodily power, power of the senses
    virile power AV. VS. S3Br.
    semen virile VS. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    faculty of sense, sense, organ of sense AV. Sus3r. Mn. Ragh. Kir. &c.
    the number five as symbolical of the five senses. (In addition to the five organs of perception, %{buddhI7ndriyANi} or %{jJAne7ndriyANi}, i.e. eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin, the Hindu1s enumerate five organs of action, %{karme7ndriyANi} i.e. larynx, hand, foot, anus, and parts of generation
    between these ten organs and the soul or %{Atman} stands %{manas} or mind, considered as an eleventh organ
    in the Veda1nta, %{manas}, %{buddhi}, %{ahaMkAra}, and %{citta} form the four inner or internal organs, %{antar-indriyANi}, so that according to this reckoning the organs are fourteen in number, each being presided over by its own ruler or %{niyantR}
    thus, the eye by the Sun, the ear by the Quarters of the world, the nose by the two As3vins, the tongue by Pracetas, the skin by the Wind, the voice by Fire, the hand by Indra, the foot by Vishn2u, the anus by Mitra, the parts of generation by Praja1pati, manas by the Moon, buddhi by Brahman, aham2ka1ra by S3iva, citta by Vishnu as Acyuta
    in the Nya1ya philosophy each organ is connected with its own peculiar element, the nose with the Earth, the tongue with Water, the eye with Light or Fire, the skin with Air, the ear with Ether
    the Jainas divide the whole creation into five sections, according to the number of organs attributed to each being.)
  378. इन्धन (indhana) (indhana)
    n. kindling, lighting, [cf. %{agnI7ndhana}
    wood, grass &c. used for this purpose Mn. MBh. R. Ya1jn5. S3is3. c.
  379. इभ (ibha) (ibha)
    m. (? %{i} Un2. iii, 153) servants, dependants, domestics, household, family RV. [BRD.]
    fearless [Sa1y.]
    an elephant Mn. Bhartr2. Ragh. &c.
    the number eight
    N. of a plant
    (%{I}) f. a female elephant
    [cf. Gk. $ Lat. {ebur}.] &52507[167,3]
  380. इयत् (iyat) (iyat)
    mfn. (fr. pronominal base 3. %{i}), so large, only so large
    so much, only so much
    of such extent RV. TS. S3Br. AitBr. Pan5cat. Ragh. &c.
    [cf. the syllable {iens}, or {ies} in such Lat. words as {totiens}, {toties}, {quotiens}, {quoties}, and in numeral adverbs as {quinquies}.]
  381. इरा (irā) (irā)
    (also %{irA4} AV. xv, 2, 3) f. (closely allied to %{iDA} and %{iLA}) any drinkable fluid
    a draught (especially of milk)S3Br. &c.
    food, refreshment
    comfort, enjoyment AV. S3Br. AitBr.
    N. of an Apsaras (a daughter of Daksha and wife of Kas3yapa) Hariv. VP.
    ardent spirits Bhpr.
    the earth
    the goddess of speech, Sarasvati1
    [cf. %{iDA}.]
  382. इरस् (iras) (iras)
    n. ill-will, anger, hostility, (g. %{kaNDv-Adi} Pa1n2. 3-1, 27.)
  383. इरस्या (irasyā) (irasyā)
    f. enmity, malevolence RV. v, 40, 7.
  384. इरावत् (irāvat) (irāvat)
    (%{i4rA-}) mfn. possessing food, full of food
    granting drink or refreshment, satiating, giving enjoyment
    endowed with provisions
    comfortableAitBr. MBh. &c.
    (%{An}) m. N. of a son of Arjuna VP.
    the ocean
    a cloud
    a king
    (%{tI}) f. N. of a plant
    N. of Durga1 (the wife of Rudra) BhP.
    of a daughter of the Na1ga Sus3ravas Ra1jat.
    N. of a river in the Pan5ja1b (now called Ra1vi1) MBh. Hariv. VP.
  385. इरिण (iriṇa) (iriṇa)
    n. ( %{R}, `" to go "' Un2. ii, 51
    connected with %{irA}), a water-course
    a rivulet, well RV.
    any excavation in the ground, a hollow, hole AV. TS. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r.
    a dice-board RV. x, 34, 1
    a desert, an inhospitable region
    a bare plain, barren soil
    salt soil Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
  386. इला (ilā) (ilā)
    f. (closely connected with %{i4DA} and %{i4rA}, qq.v.) flow
    the earth, &c.
    see %{iDA}.
  387. इल्वल (ilvala) (ilvala)
    m. a kind of fish
    N. of a Daitya (the brother of Va1ta1pi) MBh. Hariv. VP.
    (%{As}) f. pl.N. of the five stars in Orion's head L.
  388. इष (iṣa) (iṣa)
    1 mfn. seeking (see %{gav-iSa}).
  389. इषु (iṣu) (iṣu)
    %{us} mf. an arrowVS. MBh. Ragh. S3ak. &c.
    (in mathematics) a versed sine
    N. of a Soma ceremony Ka1tyS3r.
    the number five Sa1h.
    N. of a particular constellation VarBr2. xii, 7. [According to Daya1nanda %{iSu} may mean `" ray of light "'
    cf. Gk. $
    &52843[168,3] Zd. {ishu}.]
  390. इषुधि (iṣudhi) (iṣudhi)
    m. ( %{dhA}), a quiverVS. R. &c.
    %{-mat} mfn. possessed of a quiver VS.
  391. इष्ट (iṣṭa) (iṣṭa)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see s.v.), sought S3Br.
    wished, desired
    liked, beloved
    cherished RV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. Pan5cat. S3ak. &c.
    reverenced, respected
    regarded as good, approved Mn. Sa1m2khyak.
    m. a lover, a husband S3ak. 83 c
    the plant Ricinus Communis
    (%{A}) f. N. of a plant
    (%{am}) n. wish, desireAitBr. Mn. R.
    (%{am}) ind. voluntarily.2 mfn. (p.p. fr. %{yaj}
    for 1. %{iSTa4} see col. 2) sacrificed, worshipped with sacrifices VS. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. AitBr. &c.
    m. sacrifice Ma1rkP. xiii, 15
    (%{am}) n. sacrificing, sacrifice
    sacred rite, sacrament L.
  392. इष्ट (iṣṭa) (iṣṭa)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see s.v.), sought S3Br.
    wished, desired
    liked, beloved
    cherished RV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. Pan5cat. S3ak. &c.
    reverenced, respected
    regarded as good, approved Mn. Sa1m2khyak.
    m. a lover, a husband S3ak. 83 c
    the plant Ricinus Communis
    (%{A}) f. N. of a plant
    (%{am}) n. wish, desireAitBr. Mn. R.
    (%{am}) ind. voluntarily.2 mfn. (p.p. fr. %{yaj}
    for 1. %{iSTa4} see col. 2) sacrificed, worshipped with sacrifices VS. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. AitBr. &c.
    m. sacrifice Ma1rkP. xiii, 15
    (%{am}) n. sacrificing, sacrifice
    sacred rite, sacrament L.
  393. इष्टका (iṣṭakā) (iṣṭakā)
    f. a brick in general
    a brick used in building the sacrificial altar VS. AitBr. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mr2icch. &c.
  394. इष्टि (iṣṭi) (iṣṭi)
    1 f. impulse, acceleration, hurry
    despatch RV. 2 f. seeking, going after RV.
    endeavouring to obtain
    wish, request, desire RV. VS. &c.
    any desired object
    a desired rule, a desideratum, a N. applied to the statement of grammarians who are considered as authoritative.
  395. इष्टि (iṣṭi) (iṣṭi)
    1 f. impulse, acceleration, hurry
    despatch RV. 2 f. seeking, going after RV.
    endeavouring to obtain
    wish, request, desire RV. VS. &c.
    any desired object
    a desired rule, a desideratum, a N. applied to the statement of grammarians who are considered as authoritative.
  396. इष्वास (iṣvāsa) (iṣvāsa)
    mfn. throwing arrows
    m. a bow
    an archer
    a warrior AV. xv, 5, 1, 7 MBh. R. &c.
  397. ईश् (īś) (īś)
    1 cl. 2. A1. %{I4STe}, or Ved. %{I4ze} (2. sg. %{I4ziSe} and %{I4kSe} RV. iv, 20, 8
    vi, 19, 10
    Pot. 1. sg. %{I4zIya} pf. 3. pl. %{Izire}, %{IziSyati}, %{Izitum}) to own, possess RV. MBh. Bhat2t2.
    to belong to RV.
    to dispose of, be valid or powerful
    to be master of (with gen., or Ved. with gen. of an inf., or with a common inf., or the loc. of an abstract noun)TS. S3Br. MBh. Ragh. &c.
    to command
    to rule, reignS3Br. &c.
    to behave like a master, allow Kat2hUp.
    [cf. Goth. {aigan}, `" to have "'
    Old Germ. {eigan}, `" own "'
    Mod. Germ. {eigen}.] 2 %{T} m. master, lord, the supreme spirit VS. &c.
    N. of S3iva.
  398. ईकार (īkāra) (īkāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{I}.
  399. ईक्ष (īkṣa) (īkṣa)
    mf(%{I})n. ifc. seeing, looking, visiting (see %{tiryag-IkSa}, %{vadhv-IkSa})
    (%{A}) f. sight, viewing
    considering BhP. Nya1yad.
    (%{am}) n. anything seen S3Br. vii, 1, 2, 23 (merely for the etym. of %{antarikSa}).
  400. ईक्षक (īkṣaka) (īkṣaka)
    m. a spectator, beholder S3Br. A1s3vGr2. Gobh.
  401. ईक्षण (īkṣaṇa) (īkṣaṇa)
    n. a look, view, aspect sight Ka1tyS3r. La1t2y. Katha1s. Pan5cat. Ratna1v. &c.
    regarding, looking after, caring for Mn.
    eye MBh. R. Sus3r. S3ak. &c.
  402. ईक्षित (īkṣita) (īkṣita)
    mfn. seen, beheld, regarded
    (%{am}) n. a look S3ak. 45 a Prab.
  403. ईक्षितृ (īkṣitṛ) (īkṣitṛ)
    mfn. seeing, beholding, a beholder Mn. Prab. &c.
  404. ईड्य (īḍya) (īḍya)
    mfn. to be invoked or implored
    to be praised or glorified, praiseworthy, laudableVS. S3Br. Ragh. &c.
  405. ईदृश् (īdṛś) (īdṛś)
    %{k} (Ved. %{G} Pa1n2. 7-1, 83) mfn. endowed with such qualities, such VS. TS. S3Br. S3ak. Pan5cat. &c.
    (%{k}) f. such a condition, such occasion
  406. ईप्सु (īpsu) (īpsu)
    mfn. striving to obtain
    wishing to get or obtain, desirous of (with acc.) Mn. MBh. Ragh. R. &c.
  407. ईप्सित (īpsita) (īpsita)
    mfn. wished, desired
    (%{am}) n. desire, wish MBh. R. Ragh. Katha1s.
  408. ईप्सिततम (īpsitatama) (īpsitatama)
    mfn. most desired, immediately aimed at (as the object of an action) Pa1n2. 1-4, 49.
  409. ईरित (īrita) (īrita)
    mfn. sent, despatched
    said, uttered.
  410. ईर्ष्य (īrṣya) (īrṣya)
    mfn. envious, envying
    (%{A4}) f. envy or impatience of another's success
    spite, malice
    jealousy AV. Mn. MBh. Katha1s. &c.
  411. ईश (īśa) (īśa)
    mfn. owning, possessing, sharing
    one who is completely master of anything
    capable of (with gen.)
    powerful, supreme
    a ruler, master, lord Mn. S3Br. MBh. Kum. &c.
    m. a husband
    a Rudra
    the number `" eleven "' (as there are eleven Rudras)
    N. of S3iva as regent of the north-east quarter MBh. Hariv. R. S3ak. &c.
    N. of S3iva
    of Kuvera
    (%{A4}) f. faculty, power, dominion AV. VS. S3Br.
  412. ईशान (īśāna) (īśāna)
  413. ईशित्व (īśitva) (īśitva)
    n. superiority, supremacy, one of the eight attributes of S3iva MBh. BhP.
  414. ईश्वर (īśvara) (īśvara)
    mfn. able to do, capable of (with gen. of Vedic inf., or with common inf.), liable, exposed to AV. TS. S3Br. AitBr. Kum. Hit. &c.
    (%{as}, %{I}) mf. master, lord, prince, king, mistress, queen AV. S3Br. Ragh. Mn. &c.
    m. a husband MBh.
    the Supreme Being Mn. Sus3r. Ya1jn5. &c.
    the supreme soul (%{Atman})
    one of the Rudras
    the god of love
    N. of a prince
    the number `" eleven "'
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. N. of Durga1
    of Lakshmi1
    of any other of the S3aktis or female energies of the deities
    N. of several plants L.
  415. ईषत् (īṣat) (īṣat)
    1 mfn. (pres. p.) attacking, hurting.
  416. ईह (īha) (īha)
    m. attempt (see %{Urdhve7ha})
    (%{A}) f. effort, exertion, activity Mn. MBh. R. &c.
    request, desire, wish R. Sa1h. MBh. &c.
  417. उकार (ukāra) (ukāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{u}.
  418. उक्त (ukta) (ukta)
    mfn. (p.p. of %{vac} q.v.), uttered, said, spoken
    m. N. of a divine being (v.l. for %{uktha} q.v.) Hariv.
    (%{am}) n. word, sentence S3is3. &c.
    (%{am}, %{A}) n. f. a stanza of four lines (with one syllabic instant or one long or two short syllables in each)
    [cf. Zd. {ukhta}.]
  419. उक्ति (ukti) (ukti)
    f. sentence, proclamation, speech, expression, word Mn. Pan5cat. Katha1s. &c.
    a worthy speech or word BhP.
  420. उक्तवत् (uktavat) (uktavat)
    mfn. one who has spoken (see %{vac}).
  421. उक्थ (uktha) (uktha)
    n. a saying, sentence, verse, eulogy, praiseVS.
    (in the ritual) a kind of recitation or certain recited verses forming a subdivision of the S3astras (they generally form a series, and are recited in contradistinction to the Sa1man verses which are sung and to the Yajus or muttered sacrificial formulas) AitBr. TS. S3Br. ChUp. &c.
    (the %{mahad-uktham} or %{bRhad-uktham}, `" great Uktha "', forms a series of verses, in three sections, each containing eighty Tr2icas or triple verses, recited at the end of the Agnicayana)
    N. of the Sa1ma-veda S3Br.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of metre (four times one long or two short syllables)
    m. a form of Agni MBh.
    N. of a prince VP.
    N. of a divine being belonging to the Vis3ve Deva1s Hariv. 11542.
  422. उक्थवर्धन (ukthavardhana) (ukthavardhana)
    mfn. having hymns as a cause of refreshment, one who is refreshed or delighted by praise RV. viii, 14, 11.
  423. उक्षन् (ukṣan) (ukṣan)
    %{A} m. an ox or bull (as impregnating the flock
    in the Veda especially as drawing the chariot of Ushas or dawn)TS. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. Kum. &c.
    N. of the Soma (as sprinkling or scattering small drops)
    of the Maruts
    of the sun and Agni RV.
    one of the eight chief medicaments (%{RSabha})
    N. of a man
    (mfn.) large
    [cf. Zd. {ukhshan}
    Goth. {auhsa} and {auhsu}
    Armen. {es2n}.]
  424. उख (ukha) (ukha)
    m. (fr. root %{khan} with 1. %{ud}?), a boiler, caldron, vessel AV. xi, 3, 18
    N. of a pupil of Tittiri Pa1n2. TAnukr.
    a particular part of the upper leg La1t2y.
    (%{A4}) f. a boiler
    any saucepan or pot or vessel which can be put on the firexii, 3, 23 TS. Sus3r. &c.
    a particular part of the upper leg Pa1n2. Car. &c.
  425. उग्र (ugra) (ugra)
    mfn. (said to be fr. %{uc} [Un2. ii, 29], but probably fr. a %{uj}, or %{vaj}, fr. which also %{ojas}, %{vAja}, %{vajra} may be derived
    compar. %{ugratara} and %{o4jIyas}
    superl. %{ugratama} and %{o4jiSTha}), powerful, violent, mighty, impetuous, strong, huge, formidable, terrible
    high, noble
    cruel, fierce, ferocious, savage
    angry, passionate, wrathful
    hot, sharp, pungent, acridTS. R. S3ak. Ragh. &c.
    m. N. of Rudra or S3iva MBh. VP.
    of a particular Rudra BhP.
    N. of a mixed tribe (from a Kshatriya father and S3u1dra mother
    the Ugra, according to Manu x, 9, is of cruel or rude [%{krUra}] conduct [%{AcAra}] and employment [%{vihAra}], as killing or catching snakes &c.
    but according to the Tantras he is an encomiast or bard) Mn. Ya1jn5. &c.
    a twice-born man who perpetrates dreadful deeds Comm. on A1p. i, 7, 20 A1p. Gaut.
    the tree Hyperanthera Moringa
    N. of a Da1nava Hariv.
    a son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh.
    the Guru of Narendra1ditya (who built a temple called Ugres3a)
    a group of asterisms (viz. %{pUrva-phAlgunI}, %{pUrvA7SADhA}, %{pUrva-bhAdrapadA}, %{maghA}, %{bharaNI})
    N. of the Malabar country
    (%{A}) f. N. of different plants, Artemisia Sternutatoria, Coriandrum Sativum, &c.
    (%{I4}) f. a being belonging to the class of demons AV. iv, 24, 2
    (%{am}) n. a particular poison, the root of Aconitum Ferox
    wrath, anger
    [cf. Zd. {ughra}: Gk. $, $, Lat. &53966[172,2] {augeo} &c.: Goth. {auka}, `" I increase "'
    Lith. {ug-is}, `" growth, increase "'
    {aug-u}, `" I grow "', &c.]
  426. उग्रता (ugratā) (ugratā)
    f. and violence, passion, anger
  427. उग्रश्रवस् (ugraśravas) (ugraśravas)
    m. N. of a man MBh.
  428. उग्रसेन (ugrasena) (ugrasena)
    m. N. of several princes e.g. of a brother of Janam-ejaya S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (%{I}) f. N. of the wife of Akru1ra VP.
    %{-ja} m. N. of Kan6sa (the uncle and enemy of Kr2ishn2a).
  429. उचित (ucita) (ucita)
    mfn. delightful, pleasurable, agreeable
    customary, usual
    proper, suitable, convenient
    acceptable, fit or right to be taken R. Pan5cat. Hit. Sus3r. &c.
    known, understood S3is3.
    intrusted, deposited
    measured, adjusted, accurate
    delighting in
    used to MBh. Sus3r. Ragh. &c.
  430. उच्च (ucca) (ucca)
    mfn. (said to be fr. %{ca} fr. %{aJc} with 1. %{ud}), high, lofty, elevated
    tall MBh. Kum. S3is3. Katha1s. &c.
    deep Caurap.
    high-sounding, loud Bhartr2. VarBr2S.
    pronounced with the Uda1tta accent RPra1t. VPra1t. &c.
    intense, violent R.
    m. height MBh.
    the apex of the orbit of a planet, Ka1las. R. &c.
    compar. %{ucca-tara}, superl. %{ucca-tama}
    [cf. Hib. {uchdan}, `" a hillock "'
    Cambro-Brit. {uched}, `" cleve. "'
  431. उच्चण्ड (uccaṇḍa) (uccaṇḍa)
    (%{ud-ca-}) mfn. very passionate, violent
    terrible, mighty Ba1lar. Prasannar.
    quick, expeditious
    hanging down[173,2]
  432. उच्चता (uccatā) (uccatā)
    f. or height, superiority MBh.
  433. उच्चत्व (uccatva) (uccatva)
    n. height, superiority MBh.
    the apex of the orbit of a planet Su1ryapr.
  434. उच्चय (uccaya) (uccaya)
    see %{uc-ci}. m. gathering, picking up from the ground S3ak. 139, 5
    adding to, annumeration Ka1tyS3r.
    collection, heap, plenty, multitude MBh. R. Das3. S3ak. Sa1h. &c.
    the knot of the string or cloth which fastens the lower garments round the loins tied in front
    the opposite side of a triangle L.
  435. उच्चरण (uccaraṇa) (uccaraṇa)
    n. going up or out
    uttering, articulating.
  436. उच्चरित (uccarita) (uccarita)
    mfn. gone up or out, risen
    uttered, articulated
    (%{am}) n. excrement, dung BhP. Sus3r. Mn. Hit.
  437. उच्चाटन (uccāṭana) (uccāṭana)
    mf(%{I})n. ruining (an adversary)
    m. N. of one of the five arrows of Ka1ma Vet.
    (%{am}) n. eradicating (a plant)
    overthrow, upsetting BhP.
    causing (a person) to quit (his occupation by means of magical incantations) Prab. &c.
  438. उच्चार (uccāra) (uccāra)
    mfn. rising TS. ii, 3, 12, 2
    m. feces, excrement
    discharge Sus3r. Mn. Gaut. Hit. &c.
    pronunciation, utterance.
  439. उच्चारण (uccāraṇa) (uccāraṇa)
    n. pronunciation, articulation, enunciation
    making audible MBh.
  440. उच्चारणज्ञ (uccāraṇajña) (uccāraṇajña)
    m. a linguist, one skilled in utterances or sounds S3is3. iv, 18.
  441. उच्चावच (uccāvaca) (uccāvaca)
    mfn. high and low, great and small, variegated, heterogeneous
    various, multiform, manifold
    uneven, irregular, undulating S3Br. TS. MBh. R. Mn. &c.
  442. उच्छिष्ट (ucchiṣṭa) (ucchiṣṭa)
    mfn. left, rejected, stale
    spit out of the mouth (as remnants of food) TS. ChUp. S3Br. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    one who has still the remains of food in the mouth or hands, one who has not washed his hands and mouth and therefore is considered impure, impure Gaut. Mn.
    (%{am}) n. that which is spit out
    leavings, fragments, remainder (especially of a sacrifice or of food) AV. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. A1s3vGr2. &c. [174,1]
  443. उच्छेदिन् (ucchedin) (ucchedin)
    mfn. destroying, resolving (doubts or difficulties) Hit.
  444. उच्छेष (uccheṣa) (uccheṣa)
    mfn. left remaining Katha1s.
    remainder, leavings BhP. MBh.
  445. उच्छ्रित (ucchrita) (ucchrita)
    mfn. raised, lifted up, erected S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r. R. Ragh. Katha1s. &c.
    rising, arising, mounting MBh. Hariv. Ma1rkP. VarBr2S. &c.
    high, tall R. BhP. Kir. Sus3r. VarBr2S. &c.
    advancing, arisen, grown powerful or mighty MBh. Katha1s. Mn. Hit. &c. [174,2]
    wanton, luxuriant Hariv. R. &c.
    excited Sus3r.
    increased, grown, enlarged, large, huge Prab. Ragh.
    born, produced
    m. Pinus Longifolia L.
  446. उच्छ्वसित (ucchvasita) (ucchvasita)
    mfn. heaving, beating, breathed, inspired
    recovered, calm
    revived, refreshed, gladdened Kum. Ma1lav. Katha1s. Ragh. &c.
    heaving, swelling up, raised, lifted Ragh. Katha1s. Megh. &c.
    expanded, burst, unfastened, untied
    blooming BhP. Ma1lati1m.
    (%{am}) n. breathing out, respiration
    throbbing, sighing Sa1h. Ragh. Kum. S3ak.
    unfastening, untying Megh. Ragh.
  447. उच्छ्वास (ucchvāsa) (ucchvāsa)
    m. breathing out
    breath, deep inspiration Ka1tyS3r. Sus3r. S3ak. Prab. &c.
    expiration, death Ka1tyS3r.
    sigh MBh. Megh. Amar.
    froth, yeast, foam RV. ix, 86, 43
    swelling up, rising, increasing
    consolation, encouragement W.
    pause in a narration, division of a book (e.g. of the Das3akuma1ra-carita)
    an air-hole
  448. उज्जृम्भित (ujjṛmbhita) (ujjṛmbhita)
    mfn. opened, stretched
    expanded, blown
    (%{am}) n. effort, exertion
  449. उज्ज्वल (ujjvala) (ujjvala)
    mfn. blazing up, luminous, splendid, light
    clean, clear
    lovely, beautiful Sus3r. MBh. Katha1s. Sa1h. &c.
    m. love, passion
    (%{am}) n. gold
    (%{A}) f. splendour, clearness, brightness
    a form of the Jagati1 metre.
  450. उज्झित (ujjhita) (ujjhita)
    mfn. left, abandoned
    free from MBh. R. S3ak. &c.
    left off, discontinued
    emitted, discharged (as water) Kir. v, 6.
  451. उडु (uḍu) (uḍu)
    %{us}, %{u} fn. a star Ragh. BhP. Ma1lav. &c.
    (%{u}) n. a lunar mansion or constellation in the moon's path VarBr2S. &c.
    water L.
  452. उडुप (uḍupa) (uḍupa)
    m. n. a raft or float MBh. Ragh. &c.
    a kind of drinking vessel covered with leather Comm. on Ragh. i, 2
    m. the moon (the half-moon being formed like a boat) MBh. Mr2icch. &c.
  453. उत (uta) (uta)
    1 mfn. (fr. %{ve} q.v.), sewn, woven. mfn. woven &c. see 1. %{uta}, p. 175, col. 2.
  454. उतथ्य (utathya) (utathya)
    m. N. of a son of An3giras and elder brother of Br2ihaspati MBh. VP. &c.
  455. उत्कच (utkaca) (utkaca)
    mfn. hairless MBh.
    full blown BhP. iii, 23, 38.
  456. उत्कट (utkaṭa) (utkaṭa)
    mfn. (fr. 1. %{ud} with affix %{kaTa} Pa1n2. 5-2, 29), exceeding the usual measure, immense, gigantic R. Prab. Pan5cat. &c.
    richly endowed with, abounding in MBh. R. Pan5cat. &c.
    drunk, mad, furious MBh. R.
    excessive, much
    superior, high, proud, haughty
    m. fluid dropping from the temples of an elephant in rut
    the plant Saccharum Sara, or a similar kind of grass Sus3r.
    intoxication, pride
    (%{A}) f. the plant Laurus Cassia
    N. of a town
    (%{am}) n. the fragrant bark of Laurus Cassia.
  457. उत्कण्ठ (utkaṇṭha) (utkaṇṭha)
    1 mfn. having the neck uplifted (on the point of doing anything) Ragh.
    having the throat open (as in crying) BhP.
    longing for
    m. longing for
    a kind of sexual union
    (%{A}) f. longing for (a beloved person or thing)
    regretting or missing anything or a person MBh. Bhartr2. Pan5cat. Amar. &c.
  458. उत्कण्ठित (utkaṇṭhita) (utkaṇṭhita)
    mfn. lifting up the neck
    longing for, regretting, sorrowing for R. Das3. Vikr. &c.
    in love Ma1lav.
    (%{A}) f. a woman longing after her absent husband or lover.
  459. उत्कर्ण (utkarṇa) (utkarṇa)
    mfn. having the ears erect Ragh. S3is3.
  460. उत्कर्ष (utkarṣa) (utkarṣa)
    &c. see %{ut-kRS}. mfn. superior, eminent
    much, excessiveexaggerated, boastful Ya1jn5.
    m. pulling upwards, drawing, pulling
    elevation, increase, rising to something better, prosperity
    excellence, eminence Mn. R. Pan5cat. Hit. Katha1s. &c.
    excess, abundance
    boasting Ya1jn5.
    excepting, omitting Comm. on Ka1tyS3r.
    putting off, delaying Nya1yam.
  461. उत्कल (utkala) (utkala)
    m. (perhaps fr. %{ud-kal}?) N. of the country Orissa (see Od2ra
    the word is interpreted to mean `" the glorious country "' [Hunter]
    or `" lying beyond, the outlying strip of land "' [Beames]
    according to others it merely means `" the country of bird-catchers "')
    N. of a son of Dhruva BhP.
    of Su-dyumna Hariv. VP. &c.
    a porter, one who carries a burden or load
    a fowler, bird-catcher
    (%{As}) m. pl. the inhabitants of the above country.
  462. उत्कुल (utkula) (utkula)
    mf(%{A})n. fallen from or disgracing one's family, an outcast from the family S3ak. 128b.
  463. उत्कृष्ट (utkṛṣṭa) (utkṛṣṭa)
    mfn. (opposed to %{apa-kRSTa} and %{ava-kRSTa}), drawn up or out
    taking a high position
    excellent, eminent
    superior, best
    (ifc. e.g. %{jJAno7tkRSTa} mfn. eminent in knowledge)
    much, most, excessive Mn. MBh. Pan5cat. &c.
  464. उत्कोच (utkoca) (utkoca)
    m. winding off
    unbinding Comm. on TBr.
    bribery, corruption Ya1jn5. i, 339. [176,2] &c. see %{ut-kuc}.
  465. उत्कोचक (utkocaka) (utkocaka)
    mfn. receiving a bribe Mn. ix, 258
    (%{am}) n. N. of a Ti1rtha MBh.
  466. उत्क्रम (utkrama) (utkrama)
    m. going up or out VS. S3Br. &c.
    inverted order Su1ryas.
    progressive increase
    going astray, acting improperly, deviation, transgression[177,1]
  467. उत्क्षेप (utkṣepa) (utkṣepa)
    m. throwing or tossing up, raising, lifting up Megh. Sus3r. &c.
    throwing away
    sending, despatching
    bringing up, vomiting
    expanding (the wings) Sus3r.
    N. of a country
    also of a man
    (%{au}) m. du. the region above the temples Sus3r.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a woman Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 4-1, 112.
  468. उत्क्षेपण (utkṣepaṇa) (utkṣepaṇa)
    n. the act of throwing upwards, tossing Ka1tyS3r. S3ak. 30 a
    sending, sending away Sus3r.
    vomiting, taking up
    a kind of basket or bowl used for cleaning corn
    a fan
    a measure of sixteen pan2as
  469. उत्तम (uttama) (uttama)
    mfn. (superlative fr. 1. %{ud}
    opposed to %{avama}, %{adhama}, &c.
    cf. %{an-uttama}), uppermost, highest, chief
    most elevated, principal
    best, excellentAitBr. Mn. Pan5cat. &c. (often ifc., e.g. %{dvijo7ttama}, best of the twice-born i.e. a Bra1hman Mn.)
    first, greatest
    the highest (tone) A1s3vS3r. Ka1tyS3r.
    the most removed or last in place or order or time RV. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (%{a4m}) ind. most, in the highest degree R.
    at last, lastly S3Br. iii, 2, 1, 21
    m. the last person (= in European grammars the first person) Pa1n2. Ka1ty. Ka1s3. &c.
    N. of a brother of Dhruva (son of Utta1na-pa1da and nephew of Priya-vrata) VP.
    of a son of Priya-vrata and third Manu
    of the twenty-first Vya1sa VP.
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of people VP. MBh.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of Pid2aka1 or pustule Sus3r.
    the plant Oxystelma Esculentum (Asclepias Rosea Roxb.) Sus3r.
    an excellent woman (one who is handsome, healthy, and affectionate) L.
  470. उत्तरप्रोष्ठपदा (uttaraproṣṭhapadā) (uttaraproṣṭhapadā)
  471. उत्तरफल्गुनी (uttaraphalgunī) (uttaraphalgunī)
    or f. N. of lunar mansions (cf. %{proSThapadA}, %{phalgunI}.)
  472. उत्तरभाद्रपदा (uttarabhādrapadā) (uttarabhādrapadā)
    f. N. of a lunar mansion (cf. %{bhAdrapadA}.)
  473. उत्तर (uttara) (uttara)
    1 mfn. (compar. fr. 1. %{ud}
    opposed to %{adhara}
    declined Gram. 238. %{a}), upper, higher, superior (e.g. %{uttare@dantAs}, the upper teeth)TS. ChUp. Ragh. &c.
    northern (because the northern part of India is high) AV. Mn. Sus3r. Pan5cat. &c.
    left (opposed to %{dakSiNa} or right, because in praying the face being turned to the east the north would be on the left hand) AV. Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    later, following, subsequent, latter, concluding, posterior, futureKa1tyS3r. MBh. Ragh. Hit. &c. (opposed to %{pUrva}, &c. e.g. %{uttaraH@kAlaH}, future time
    %{uttaraM@vAkyam}, a following speech, answer, reply
    %{phalam@uttaram}, subsequent result, future consequence
    %{varSo7ttareSu}, in future years)
    followed by (e.g. %{smo7ttara} mfn. followed by `" %{sma} "' Pa1n2. 3-3, 176)
    superior, chief, excellent, dominant, predominant, more powerful
    gaining a cause (in law)
    better, more excellent RV.
    m. N. of a son of Vira1t2a MBh.
    of a king of the Na1gas
    N. of a mountain Katha1s.
    of several men
    (%{As}) m. pl.N. of a school
    (%{A}), of. (scil. %{diz}) the northern quarter, the north Katha1s. &c.
    N. of each of the Nakshatras that contain the word `" %{uttara} "' (cf. %{uttara-phalgunI}, &c.)
    N. of a daughter of Vira1t2a and daughter-in-law of Arjuna MBh.
    of a female servant Lalit.
    (%{e}) f. du. the second and third verse of a Tr2ica (or a stanza consisting of three verses)
    (%{As}) f. pl. the second part of the Sa1ma-sam2hita1
    (%{am}) n. upper surface or cover MBh. Ragh. Das3. &c.
    the north R. Dhu1rtas.
    the following member, the last part of a compound
    answer, reply Ragh. R. Prab. &c.
    (in law) a defence, rejoinder, a defensive measure
    contradiction Car.
    (in the Mima1n6sa1 philosophy) the answer (the fourth member of an adhikaran2a or case)
    superiority, excellence, competency R. Pan5cat. Katha1s. &c.
    result, the chief or prevalent result or characteristic, what remains or is left, conclusion, remainder, excess, over and above, (often ifc. e.g. %{bhayo7ttara}, attended with danger, having danger as the result
    %{dharmo7ttara}, chiefly characterized by virtue
    %{SaSTy-uttaraM@sahasram}, one thousand with an excess of sixty, i.e. 1060
    %{sapto7ttaraM@zatam}, 107)
    remainder, difference (in arithmetic)
    N. of a song Ya1jn5.
    N. of each of the Nakshatras that contain the word `" %{uttara} "'
    a particular figure in rhetoric
    N. of the last book of the Ra1ma1yan2a
    (%{am}) ind. at the conclusion, at the end e.g. %{bhavad-uttaram}, having the word `" %{bhavat} "' at the end
    %{asro7ttaram@IkSitA}, looked at with tears at the close i.e. with a glance ending in tears
    afterwards, thereafter
    behind MBh. &c.
    in the following part (of a book)
    [cf. Gk. $.]1 &c. see p. 178, col. 1
    for 2. see %{ut-tRR}, col. 2.
  474. उत्तरलोमन् (uttaraloman) (uttaraloman)
    (%{u4ttara-}) mfn. having the hairs turned upwards or outwards S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vGr2.
  475. उत्तरापथ (uttarāpatha) (uttarāpatha)
    m. the northern road or direction, the northern country, north Pan5cat. Hit. Katha1s. &c.
  476. उत्तरायण (uttarāyaṇa) (uttarāyaṇa)
    n. the progress (of the sun) to the north
    the period of the sun's progress to the north of the equator, the summer solstice Mn. Bhag. VarBr2S. Pan5cat. &c.
  477. उत्तराषाढा (uttarāṣāḍhā) (uttarāṣāḍhā)
    f. N. of a lunar mansion (cf. %{aSADhA})[179,1]
  478. उत्तरीय (uttarīya) (uttarīya)
    n. an upper or outer garment Ka1tyS3r. Pa1rGr2. HirGr2. MBh. Pan5cat. &c.
    a blanket Car.
  479. उत्तरोत्तर (uttarottara) (uttarottara)
    mfn. more and more, higher and higher, further and further
    always increasing, always following Ya1jn5. Sus3r. Pan5cat. Kap. &c.
    each following Paribh. 38
    (%{am}) ind. higher and higher, more and more, in constant continuation, one on the other MBh. Hit. Sus3r. Gaut. &c.
    (%{am}) n. reply to an answer, reply on reply
    a rejoinder
    conversation MBh. Hit. R. &c.
    excess, exceeding quantity or degree
    succession, gradation
    %{-pracchalA} f. N. of a section of the Sa1maveda-cchala1
    %{-vaktR} m. one who never fails to answer MBh.
  480. उत्तान (uttāna) (uttāna)
    mfn. stretched out, spread out, lying on the back, sleeping supinely or with the face upwardsVS.
    upright S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    turned so that the mouth or opening is uppermost (as a vessel), concave TS. S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. BhP. &c.
    spreading out over the surface Sus3r.
    open S3ak.
    m. N. of an A1n3girasa TBr. Ka1t2h. %{-kUrmaka} n. a particular posture in sitting. see %{ut-tan}.
  481. उत्तीर्ण (uttīrṇa) (uttīrṇa)
    see col. 3. mfn. landed, crossed, traversed
    rescued, liberated, escaped
    released from obligation
    thrown off
    one who has completed his studies, experienced, clever.
  482. उत्तुङ्ग (uttuṅga) (uttuṅga)
    mfn. lofty, high, tall
    swollen (as a stream) MBh. Pan5cat. Katha1s. Prab. &c.
  483. उत्थान (utthāna) (utthāna)
    n. the act of standing up or rising S3Br. Sus3r. Gaut. S3a1n3khGr2. Bhartr2. &c.
    rising (of the moon &c.) BhP. Ragh. &c.
    resurrection MBh. Pan5cat.
    rising up to depart
    leaving off S3Br. TS. Ka1tyS3r. &c.: starting on a warlike expedition Mn. MBh. R. &c. [180,1]
    coming forth, appearing Kap.
    bursting open Jaim.
    tumult, sedition Ra1jat.
    rise, origin Sus3r.
    effort, exertion
    manly exertion, manhood MBh. Ra1jat. A1p. &c.
    evacuating (by stool &c.) Sus3r. Kaus3.
    an army
    joy, pleasure
    a book
    a court-yard
    a shed where sacrifices are offered
    a term, limit
    business of a family or realm, the care of subjects or dependants
    proximate cause of disease
    (mfn.) causing to arise or originate MBh.
  484. उत्थायिन् (utthāyin) (utthāyin)
    mfn. rising (from one's bed) MBh.
    coming forth, becoming visible MBh.
    exerting one's self, active Ka1m.
  485. उत्पत्ति (utpatti) (utpatti)
    f. arising, birth, production, origin Sus3r. MBh. Ya1jn5. &c.
    resurrection Mn.
    production in general, profit, productiveness, Ra1jat
    producing as an effect or result, giving rise to, generating as a consequence
    occurrence, the being mentioned or quoted (as a Vedic passage) Jaim.
  486. उत्पन्न (utpanna) (utpanna)
    mfn. risen, gone up
    arisen, born, produced R. Mn. Katha1s. &c.
    come forth, appeared
    ready Ya1jn5.
    mentioned, quoted (esp. fr. the Veda) Jaim.
  487. उत्पल (utpala) (utpala)
    1 n. (and m. L.), ( %{pal} `" to move "' T.
    fr. %{pal} = %{paT}, `" to burst open "' BRD.), the blossom of the blue lotus (Nymphaea Caerulea) MBh. R. Sus3r. Ragh. Megh. &c.
    a seed of the Nymphaea Sus3r.
    the plant Costus Speciosus Bhpr. VarBr2S.
    any water-lily
    any flower
    a particular hell (Buddh.)
    m. N. of a Na1ga
    of an astronomer
    of a lexicographer
    of several other men
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river Hariv. 9511 (%{I}) f. a kind of cake made of unwinnowed corn L.2 (fr. %{pala}, `" flesh "', with 1. %{ud} in the sense of `" apart "'), fleshless, emaciated
    (%{am}) n. N. of a hell
  488. उत्पादन (utpādana) (utpādana)
    mfn. bringing forth, producing, productive MBh. Katha1s.
    (%{am}) n. the act of producing or causing, generating, begetting ChUp. MBh. Sus3r. Hit. &c.
  489. उत्प्रेक्षा (utprekṣā) (utprekṣā)
    f. the act of overlooking or disregarding
    carelessness, indifference Ven2is.
    (in rhetoric) comparison in general, simile, illustration, metaphor
    a parable
    an ironical comparison Sa1h. Va1m. Kpr.
  490. उत्फुल्ल (utphulla) (utphulla)
    mfn. (Ka1ty. on Pa1n2. 8-2, 55) blown (as a flower) Kir. Katha1s. Sis3.
    wide open (as the eyes) R. Pan5cat. Hit. &c.
    swollen, increased in bulk, bloated, puffed up Katha1s. Ba1lar. S3a1rn3g.
    sleeping supinely
    looking at with insolence, insolent, impudent Pat.
    (%{am}) n. a kind of coitus
  491. उत्सङ्ग (utsaṅga) (utsaṅga)
    ( %{sanj}) m. the haunch or part above the hip, lap MBh. R. Sus3r. Pan5cat. &c.
    any horizontal area or level (as a roof of a house &c.) Ragh. Megh. Bhartr2. &c.
    the bottom or deep part of an ulcer Sus3r.
    embrace, association, union
    a particular position of the hands PSarv. Hastar.
    (%{am}) n. a high number (= 100 Viva1has) Lalit.
  492. उत्सन्न (utsanna) (utsanna)
    mfn. raised, elevated (opposed to %{ava-sanna}) Sus3r.
    vanished, abolished, decayed, destroyed
    in ruins
    disused, fallen into disuse S3Br. TBr. S3a1n3khS3r. Hariv. BhP. &c.
  493. उत्सर्ग (utsarga) (utsarga)
    &c. see col. 3. m. pouring out, pouring forth, emission, dejection, excretion, voiding by stool &c. R. Mn. Megh. Sus3r. &c.
    Excretion (personified as a son of Mitra and Revati1) BhP. vi, 18, 5
    laying aside, throwing or casting away Gaut. Kum.
    loosening, setting free, delivering (N. of the verses VS. xiii, 47-51) S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Pa1rGr2. MBh. &c.
    abandoning, resigning, quitting, retiring from, leaving off
    end, close Ka1tyS3r. A1s3vS3r. and Gr2. MBh. Mn. &c.
    handing over, delivering
    granting, gift, donation MBh.
    oblation, libation
    presentation (of anything promised to a god or Bra1hman with suitable ceremonies)
    a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the Veda Mn. iv, 97
    119 Ya1jn5. &c.
    causation, causing Jaim. iii, 7, 19
    (in Gr.) any general rule or precept (opposed to %{apa-vAda}, q.v.) Kum. Ka1s3. Siddh. &c.
  494. उत्सर्जन (utsarjana) (utsarjana)
    see col. 3. mfn. expelling (the feces, said of one of the muscles of the anus) Bhpr.
    (%{am}) n. letting loose, abandoning, leaving Ka1tyS3r.
    suspending (a Vedic lecture) La1t2y. A1s3vGr2. Kaus3.
    (with %{chandasAm}) a ceremony connected with it Mn. iv, 96
    gift, donation, oblation L.
  495. उत्सव (utsava) (utsava)
    &c. see %{ut-sU}, col. 2. m. enterprise, beginning RV. i, 100, 8
    102, 1
    a festival, jubilee
    joy, gladness, merriment MBh. Ragh. Katha1s. Amar. &c.
    opening, blossoming BhP.
    height, elevation
    passion, wrath
    wish, rising of a wish L.
  496. उत्सह (utsaha) (utsaha)
    see %{dur-utsaha}.
  497. उत्साह (utsāha) (utsāha)
    m. power, strength
    strength of will, resolution
    effort, perseverance, strenuous and continuous exertion, energy
    fimness, fortitude R. Mn. Sus3r. S3ak. Hit. &c.
    joy, happiness Vet.
    a thread L.
  498. उत्सिक्त (utsikta) (utsikta)
    mfn. overflowing, foaming over
    puffed up, superabundant Car. BhP. Ra1jat.
    drawn too tight (as a bow) Hariv. 1876
    elevated, raised
    haughty, proud
    crack-brained, disordered, disturbed in mind MBh. BhP. Mn. Katha1s. &c.
  499. उत्सुक (utsuka) (utsuka)
    mfn. (fr. %{su}, `" well "', with 1. %{ud} in the sense of `" apart "', and affix %{ka}), restless, uneasy, unquiet, anxious R. MBh. &c.
    anxiously desirous, zealously active, striving or making exertions for any object (cf. %{jayo7tsuka}) R. Pan5cat. S3ak. Megh. &c.
    eager for, fond of, attached to
    regretting, repining, missing, sorrowing for Ragh. Vikr. S3ak. &c.
    (%{am}) n. sorrow
    longing for, desire (see %{nirutsuka}).
  500. उत्सूर (utsūra) (utsūra)
    m. (scil. %{kAla}) the time when the sun sets, the evening