User:Ivan Štambuk/MW/4000

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  1. नेतृ (netṛ) (netṛ)
    &c. see p. 568, col. 3.
  2. नेती (netī) (netī)
    f. the drawing of a thread through the nose and mouth (as a kind of penance) Cat.
  3. नेत्र (netra) (netra)
    m. a leader, guide (with gen. R. [B.] iii, 66, 10
    mostly ifc. e.g. %{tvaM-netra}, `" having you for guide "' MBh. ii, 2486 [f. %{A} ib. ix, 222]
    cf. Pa1n2. 5-4, 116 Va1rtt. 2, 3 Pat.) AitUp. MBh. BhP.
    N. of a son of Dharma and father of Kunti1 BhP.
    of a son of Su-mati MatsyaP.
    (%{-tra4}) n. (and m. Siddh.) leading, guiding, conducting AV. x, 10, 22
    (itc f. %{A}), the eye (as the guiding organ, also %{-ka}, HCat.
    cf. %{nayana})
    the numeral 2 Su1ryas. (cf. %{netR})
    the string by which a churning-stick is whirled round MBh.
    a pipe-tube Car.
    an injection pipe Sus3r.
    the root of a tree Ka1d.
    a kind of cloth Hcar.
    a veil R. Ragh.
    a carriage
    a river L.
  4. नेद्य (nedya) (nedya)
    see %{a4-nedya}.
  5. नेपथ्य (nepathya) (nepathya)
    n. (and m. L.) an ornament, decoration, costume (esp. of an actor), attire (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-thyaM-kR}, or %{grah} or %{rac} or %{vi-dhA}, `" to make the toilet "') [569,2]
    n. (in dram.) the place behind the stage (separated by the curtain from the %{raGga}), the postscenium, the tiring-room
    (%{e}) ind. behind the scenes (see esp. MW. S3ak. p. 3 n. 2).
  6. नेपाल (nepāla) (nepāla)
    m. N. of a country and (pl.) of a people, Nepal or the Nepalese Var. Ra1jat. &c.
    a species of sugar-cane
    (%{I}) f. red arsenic
    the wild date-tree or its fruit
    n. copper L.
  7. नेमि (nemi) (nemi)
    f. ( %{nam}) the felly of a wheel (also %{-mI} L.), any circumference or edge or rim (ifc. `" encircled "' or `" surrounded by "') RV. &c. &c.
    a windlass or framework for the rope of a well (also %{-mI})
    a thunderbolt
    the foundation of a wall Gal. (cf. %{ne7ma})
    m. Dalbergia Ougeinensis
    N. of a Daitya BhP.
    of a Cakra-vartin Buddh. (cf. %{nimi})
    of 22nd Arhat of present Ut-sarpin2i L.
  8. नेय (neya) (neya)
    mfn. ( %{nI}) to be led or guided or managed or governed
    to be led away or to be led to (loc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be brought into any state or condition (e.g. %{zAntim}, %{kSIba-tAm}) Megh. Katha1s.
    to be moved (%{zAra}) Pa1n2. 5-2, 9
    to be applied or inflicted (%{daNDa}) Ka1m.
    to be spent or passed (%{kAla}) Ra1jat. Pan5c.
    to be guessed (see %{ncyA7rtha} below).
  9. नेष्टृ (neṣṭṛ) (neṣṭṛ)
    m. (prob. fr. %{nI} aor. stem %{neS}
    but cf. Pa1n2. 3-2, 135 Va1rtt. 2 &c.) one of the chief officiating priests at a Soma sacrifice, he who leads forward the wife of the sacrificer and prepares the Sura1 (Tvasht2r2i so called RV. i, 15, 3) RV. Br. S3rS. &c.
  10. नइगम (naigama) (naigama)
    mf(%{i})n. relating to the Veda or Vedic words or quotations (a N. given to the collection of 278 separate words occurring in the Nigama or Veda and commented on by Ya1ska
    they are arranged in one chapter of three sections), Vedic Nir. BhP.
    m. an interpreter of the sacred writings Pa1n2. 5-4, 118 Pat.
    an Upanishad
    = %{dRti}
    a way, means, expedient MBh. xii, 3685
    prudent conduct
    a citizen, townsman SaddhP.
    a trader, merchant Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c.
    N. of an ancient teacher Cat.
    %{-kANDa} m. or n. N. of the three chapters of the Nirukta where the Nigamas or Vedic words are explained by Ya1ska
    %{-mA7bhidhAna} n. N. of wk.
    %{-gamika} mfn. relating to the Veda, Vedic Ka1r. on Pa1n2. 7-1, 1
    %{-gameya} m. see s.v.
  11. नइज (naija) (naija)
    mfn. own, one's own Hariv. BhP.
  12. नइमित्त (naimitta) (naimitta)
    mfn. (fr. %{ni-mitta}) relating to or explanatory of signs g. %{RgayanA7di}
    m. an interpreter of prognostics, fortune-teller(also %{-ttaka} DivyA7v.)
  13. नइमित्तिक (naimittika) (naimittika)
    mf(%{I})n. produced by any or by some partic. cause, occasional, special, accidental (opp. to %{nitya}) Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c. (%{-tva} n. Kap. Sch.)
    m. = prec. m. g. %{ukthA7di} DivyA7v.
    n. an effect (see %{nimitta-n-})
    = next W.
  14. नइमिष (naimiṣa) (naimiṣa)
    mf(%{I})n. momentary, transient W.
    n. N. of a forest and a sacred Tirtha (where Sauti related the MBh., and so called because in it an army of Asuras was destroyed in a twinkling) MBh. i, 1026 Hariv. &c.
    m. pl. the inhabitants of the Naimisha wood MBh.
    %{-kAnana} n. the NNaimisha wwood ib.
    %{-kuJja} n. N. of a Ti1rtha ib.
    %{-nRpa} m. a king of NNaimisha Var.
    %{-SA7yana} mfn. living in NNaimisha BhP. (%{-SAyaNa}?)
    %{-SAraNya} n. the NNaimisha wwood MW.
    %{-Si} m. g. %{taulvaly-Adi}
    %{-SIya} mfn. relating to or being in NNaimisha MBh. BhP. the inhabitants of NNaimisha S3a1n3khBr.
    %{-Seya} mfn. = prec. mfn. MBh.
    %{-Sya}, %{-SIya}, Ka1t2h.
  15. नइयायिक (naiyāyika) (naiyāyika)
    mfn. knowing the Nya1ya philosophy
    m. a follower of the NNya1ya system of investigation MBh. R. &c.
  16. नइरात्म्य (nairātmya) (nairātmya)
    n. (fr. %{nir-Atman}) Lalit. (cf. Dharmas. cxvi).
  17. नइराश्य (nairāśya) (nairāśya)
    n. hopelessness, non-expectancy, despair at (%{prati} or comp.) MBh. R. &c.
  18. नइरृत (nairṛta) (nairṛta)
    mf(%{I4})n. belonging or consecrated to Nirr2iti (q.v.) AV. S3Br. &c.
    south-western Mn. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    belonging to the Ra1kshasas MBh. (see m.)
    relating to the lunar mansion Nairr2ita (Mu1la) Cat.
    m. a child of Nirr2iti, a Ra1kshasa or demon MBh. R. &c. (%{-kanyA} f. a Ra1kshasa girl R.
    %{-rAja} m. the RRa1kshasa-king ib.)
    N. of one of the Loka-pa1las (the ruler of the south-west quarter
    cf. Dharmas. 8)
    of a Rudra Hariv. (C. %{nir-Rti})
    pl. N. of a people MBh.
    (%{I}) f. (with or sc. %{diz}) the south-west quarter Mn. MBh. Var.
    N. of Durga1 Devi1m.
    n. the lunar mansion Mu1la Var.
  19. नइवेद्य (naivedya) (naivedya)
    n. an offering of eatables presented to a deity or idol BhP. (cf RTL.144, 415)
    %{-prakaraNa} n. %{-prasAda-mAhAtmya} n. %{-vidhi} m. N. of wks.
  20. नइषध (naiṣadha) (naiṣadha)
    mf(%{i})n. relating to Nishadha m. a species of grain Sus3r. (%{-ka} m. Car.)
    a prince of the Nishadhas (esp. N. of Nala) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. pl. N. of a people (= %{niSadha}) MBh. VP.
    of a dynasty BhP.
    n. N. of an artificial epic poem by S3ri1-harsha (treating of Nala's adventures).
  21. नइष्कर्म्य (naiṣkarmya) (naiṣkarmya)
    n. inactivity, abstinence or exemption from acts and their consequences MBh. BhP.
    mf(%{A})n. relating to it BhP.
    %{-siddhi},f. N. of wk., a refutation of the Mima1n6sa1 system.
  22. नोदित (nodita) (nodita)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) incited, impelled ib.
  23. नउका (naukā) (naukā)
    f. a small boat or ship MBh. R. &c.
    the rook or castle (in the game Catur-an3ga)
    N. of sev. Comms.
  24. नउलिक (naulika) (naulika)
    n. %{naulI} f. a kind of self penance Cat.
  25. न्यङ्कु (nyaṅku) (nyaṅku)
    m. id. Ta1n2d2Br.
    a deer, an antelope VS. MBh. &c.
    N. of a Muni and a Cakra-vartin
    %{-bhUruha} m. Bignonia Indica
    %{-ziras} (with %{kakum-nicRt}), f.
    %{-sAriNI} (with %{bRhatI}) f. N. of two kinds of metre RPra1t.
  26. न्यञ्चन (nyañcana) (nyañcana)
    mf(%{I})n. curve, recess, hollow, hiding-place(%{-nai9Si4n} mfn. seeking a hhiding-plplace MaitrS.)
    a partic. mark on a measuring-cord, S3ulb.
    (%{I}) f. the lap AV.
  27. न्याय (nyāya) (nyāya)
    m. (fr. 4. %{ni}) that into which a thing goes back i.e. an original type, standard, method, rule, (esp.) a general or universal rule, model, axiom, system, plan, manner, right or fit manner or way, fitness, propriety TS. Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (%{nyAyena} and %{-yAt} ind. either `" in the right manner, regularly, duly "', or ifc. `" after the manner of, by way of "')
    a lawsuit, legal proceeding, judicial sentence, judgment Mr2icch. Pan5c.
    a logical or syllogistic argument or inference (consisting of a combination of enthymeme and syllogism, and so having, according to the Naiya1yikas 5 members, viz. %{pratijJA}, %{hetu}, %{udAharaNa}, %{upanaya}, %{nigamana}, or according to the Veda1ntins 3 members)
    a system of philosophy delivered by Gotama or Gautama (it is one of the six %{darzanas} q.v., and is perhaps so called, because it `" goes into "' all subjects physical and metaphysical according to the above syllogistic method treated of in one division of the system
    its branch is called Vais3eshika)
    likeness, analogy, a popular maxim or apposite illustration (cf. %{kAkA7kSi-}, %{ghuNA7kSara-}, %{daNDA7pUpa}. &c.)
    (%{am}) ind. after a finite verb expresses either censure or repetition Pa1n2. 8-1, 27.
  28. न्याय्य (nyāyya) (nyāyya)
    mf(%{A})n. regular, customary, usual, correct, right, fit, proper (often with an infin. which then has a pass. sense) La1t2y. Mn. MBh. &c.
    also w.r. for %{nyAya}. %{-tva} n. fitness, propriety, Kaiy.
  29. न्यास (nyāsa) (nyāsa)
    m. putting down or in, placing, fixing, inserting, applying, impressing, drawing, painting, writing down MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{akSara-}, %{khura-}, %{caraNa-}, %{nakha-}, %{pada-}., %{pAda-}., %{bIja-}, %{rekhA-})
    putting away, taking off, laying aside MBh. Hariv. Das3. BhP. (cf. %{deha-}, %{zarIra-}, %{zastra-})
    abandoning, resigning Up. Bhag. BhP.
    depositing, intrusting, delivering
    any deposit or pledge Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    written or literal text (cf. %{yathA-nyAsam}) Pat.
    lowering (the voice) RPra1t.
    (in music) the final tone
    bringing forward, introducing (cf. %{arthA7ntara}.)
    consigning or intrusting anything to the mind W.
    mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to tutelary deities RTL. 205 &c.
    N. of sev. wks., (esp.) of a Comm. on Ka1s3.
    %{-kAra} or %{-kRt} m. the author of the Comm. on Ka1s3. called Nya1sa i.e. Jine7ndra-buddhi
    %{-khaNDa} m. or n. %{-khaNDana} n. %{-tilaka} m. or n. %{-tUlikA} f. %{-dazaka} n. N. of wks. [572,2]
    %{-dhAraka} or %{-rin} m. the holder of a deposit Mn.
    %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
    %{-bhUta} mfn. being (or that which is) a deposit MBh.
    %{-lopa} m. wasting a ddeposit ib.
    %{-viMzati} f. %{-vidyA-darpaNa} m. %{-vidyA-vilAsa} m. %{-vidhAna} n. %{-vizeSa} m. %{-zataka} n. N. of wks.
    %{-hara} m. robber of a deposit BhP.
    %{-sA7deza-vivaraNa} n. N. of wk.
    %{-sA7pahnava} m. repudiation of a ddeposit MW.
    %{-so7ddyota} m. N. of wk. &c. see under %{ny-as}.
  30. न्यून (nyūna) (nyūna)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{ni} with %{Una}) less, diminished, defective, deficient (opp. to %{ati-rikta}, %{adhika}, %{pUrNa}), destitute or deprived of (instr. or comp.), inferior to (abl.) Br. Gr2S3rS. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    (with %{pAdaiH}) having a defect in the feet BhP.
    low, vile, base, mean MBh. Var. Pur.
    (%{am}) ind. less Hariv. Var.
    n. euphem. = vulva TS. S3Br.
    want or omission of one of the 5 members in a Nya1ya argument Nya1yas.
  31. पकार (pakāra) (pakāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{pa}.
  32. पक्ति (pakti) (pakti)
    (VS. %{pa4kti}) f. cooking, preparing food Mn. ix, 11 (%{anna-p-})
    food or any dish of cooked food RV. VS.
    digesting, digestion Mn. Ya1jn5. Sus3r.
    place of digestion (= %{-sthAna}) Sus3r.
    ripening, development (cf. %{loka-}), having results or consequences Var. Ka1v.
    purification MBh. xii, 9745 (Nilak.)
    respectability, dignity, fame Sus3r.
  33. पक्तृ (paktṛ) (paktṛ)
    mfn. who or what cooks or roasts or bakes (with gen.) AV. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    digestive, promoting digestion Sus3r.
    m. or n. the digestive fire, force of digestion Car.
  34. पक्व (pakva) (pakva)
    mf(%{A})n. (considered as p.p. of 2. %{pac}
    cf. Pa1n2. 8-2, 52) cooked, roasted, baked, boiled, prepared on a fire (opp. to %{Ama}) RV. &c. &c. (also applied to the milk in an udder)
    warmed (cf. %{dviS-}) Gobh. Mn. &c.
    baked or burnt (as bricks or earthenware pots) S3Br. Var. &c.
    ripe, mature (lit. and fig.) RV. &c. &c. (also applied to a tree with ripe fruits)
    grey, hoary (as the hair) Dhu1rtas.
    accomplished, perfect, fully developed (as the understanding, character &c.) MBh. BhP.
    ripe for decay, near to death, decrepit, perishing,decaying ib.
    digested W.
    n. cooked food, dishS3Br.
    ripe corn AV.
    the ashes of a burnt corpse ib.
  35. पक्ष (pakṣa) (pakṣa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A} or %{I}) a wing, pinion (in one passage n.) RV. &c. &c.
    a symbol. N. of the number two Var. Hcat.
    a feather, the feathers on both sides of an arrow (cf. %{gArdhra-p-})
    the fin of a fish (cf. %{nis-tvak-p-})
    the shoulder
    the flank or side or the half of anything RV. &c. &c.
    the side or wing of a building AV. [573,3]
    the wing or flank of an army MBh. Hariv.
    the half of a lunar month (the first half from new moon to full moon was called %{pUrva} or %{apUryamANa}, later %{zukla} or %{zuddha}
    the other half %{apara} or %{apa-kSIyamANa}, later %{kRSNa} or %{tAmisra}
    each fortnight consists of 15 Tithis or lunar days called %{prathamA}, %{dvitIyA} &c.) Br. Gr2S3rS. MBh. Var. &c.
    a side, party, faction
    multitude, number, troop, set, class of beings
    partisan, adherent, follower, friend (%{zatru-} `" the enemy's side "' or `" a partisan of the enemy "'
    %{mahA-}, `" one who has many adherents "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    side i.e. position, place, stead (%{-kSe} ifc. instead of or by way of) ib.
    quantity (see %{keza-})
    one of two cases or one side of an argument, an alternative (%{-kSe}, `" on the other hand "', with %{atra}, `" in this case "', %{pakSA7ntare}, `" in the other case "') Pa1n2. Sch.
    a point or matter under discussion, a thesis, a particular theory, a position advanced or an argument to be maintained (cf. %{pUrva-}, %{uttara-})
    an action or lawsuit Ya1jn5. Sch.
    (in logic) the proposition to be proved in a syllogism Tarkas. Bha1sha1p.
    any supposition or view, motion, idea, opinion (%{mukhyaH@pakSaH}, `" an excellent idea "' S3ak. Sch.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the sun Sa1y. on RV. iii, 53, 16
    N. of sev. men VP.
    (in alg.) a primary division or the side of an equation in a primary division
    the wall of a house or any wall
    an army
    contradiction, rejoinder
    the ash-pit of a fire-place
    a royal elephant
    a limb or member of the body
    the feathers of the tail of a peacock, a tail
    proximity, neighbourhood
    a bracelet
    purity, perfection
    mfn. = %{pAcaka}, %{bAdhaka} Sa1y. on RV. vi, 47, 19. [Cf. OGerm. {fahs}
    Angl.Sax. {feax}.]
  36. पक्षवत् (pakṣavat) (pakṣavat)
    (%{-kSa4-}) mfn. winged, having wings or flanks S3Br. MBh. &c.
    belonging to a party, having adherents or followers MBh. (Ni1lak. `" belonging to a good family, wellborn "').
  37. पक्षिन् (pakṣin) (pakṣin)
    mfn. winged (lit. and fig.) RV. &c.&c.
    (ifc.) taking the side of. siding with Hariv.
    m. a bird or any winged animal RV. &c. &c.
    the bird Garud2a as one of the 18 attendants of the Sun
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    a day with the 2 nights enclosing it
    an arrow
    a partic. sacrificial act Ta1n2d2Br.
    (%{iNI}) f. a female bird Hariv.
    (with or sc. %{rAtri}) a night with the 2 days enclosing it Gobh. Gaut.
    the day of full moon
    N. of a S3a1kini
  38. पक्ष्मन् (pakṣman) (pakṣman)
    n. (sg. and pl.) the eyelashes (%{-NonipAtena} "', in the twinkling of an eye, in an instant "' MBh.
    cf. %{pakSma-pAta} &c.: above) TS. S3Br. &c. &c.
    the hair (of a decr) S3is3. i, 8
    the filament of a flower ib. v, 85
    a thin thread
    the leaf of a flower Ka1d.
    a wing
    a whisker MW.
  39. पङ्क (paṅka) (paṅka)
    m. n. (g. %{ardharcA7di}, said to be fr. 1. %{pac} `" to spread "') mud, mire, dirt, clay (ifc. f. %{A}) Suparn2. Mn. MBh. &c.
    ointment, unguent (in comp.
    cf. %{kuGkuma-}, %{candana-} &c.) Ka1v. BhP.
    moral impurity, sin L.
  40. पङ्कज (paṅkaja) (paṅkaja)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) `" mud-born "', a species of lotus, Nelumbium Speciosum (whose flower closes in the evening) MBh. Ka1v. &c. (in Katha1s. once %{A} f.)
    m. N. of Brahma1 Cat. (for %{paGkaja-ja})
    mfn. lotus-eyed Ja1takam.
    %{-janman} m. `" lotus-born "'N. of Brahma1 Hariv.
    %{-nayanA} f. a llotus-eyed woman Bha1m.
    %{-nAbha} m. `" having a llotus springing from his navel "'N. of Vishn2u Ragh. BhP.
    %{-netra} mfn. llotus-eyed "' (said of Vishn2u) BhP.
    %{-pattra-netra} m. having eyes like llotus-leaves MW.
    %{-mAlin} mfn. wearing a llotus-crown (Vishn2u) BhP.
    %{-lAvam} ind. (fr. %{lU}) cutting off like a llotus-flower Ba1lar.
    %{-vat} mfn. furnished with a llotus Ni1lak. on MBh.
    %{-jA7kSI} f. = %{-ja-nayanA} Amar.
    %{-jA7Gghri} mfn. whose feet are adorned with llotus-flowers (Vishn2u) BhP.
    %{jA7valI} f. N. of a metre Col. (cf. %{paGkA7valI})
    %{-jA7sana-stha} mfn. sitting on a llotus-throne (Brahma1) Var.
    %{-jiG} mfn. furnished with a llotus MBh.
    (%{nI}) f. Nelumbium Speciosum (the plant or a group or the flexible stalk of such lotuses), also a llotus-pond (= %{-nI-saras}) Ka1v. Pur.
  41. पङ्क्ति (paṅkti) (paṅkti)
    (also %{-ktI} m. c. and in comp.) f. (fr. %{paJcan}) a row or set or collection of five, the number 5 AV. Br. &c.
    a sort of five fold metre consisting of 5 Pa1das of 8 syllables each ib.
    any stanza of 4 X 10 syllables Col. (= %{chandas} L.)
    the number 10 Hcat. (cf. %{-grIva} &c. below)
    any row or set or series or number, a group, collection, flock, troop, assembly, company (e.g. of persons eating together or belonging to the same caste) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the earth
    w.r. for %{pakti} q.v.
  42. पङ्गु (paṅgu) (paṅgu)
    mf(%{vI}, or %{U})n. (fr. %{paj} ?
    cf. Un2. i, 37 Sch.) lame, halt, crippled in the legs AV.Par. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    N. of those elements of the body which are themselves without motion (but are moved by the wind) Bhpr.
    m. N. of the planet Saturn (as moving slowly) Cat. (cf. %{-vAsara})
    of Nirjita-varman Ra1jat.
  43. पङ्गुता (paṅgutā) (paṅgutā)
    f. lameness, motionlessness
    %{-hAriNI} f. `" destroying lameness "', a species of shrubMn. xi, 51.
  44. पच (paca) (paca)
    1 mfn. id. (cf. %{alpam-}, %{iSTi-}, %{kim-} &c.)
    m. and (%{a}) f. the act of cooking &c. L.2 2. sg. Impv. of %{pac}.
  45. पचक (pacaka) (pacaka)
    m. a cook, cooking, baking
  46. पचत (pacata) (pacata)
    1 mfn. cooked, boiled &c. RV. VS. S3a1n3khBr.
    m. fire
    the sun
    N. of Indra
    n. cooked food (= %{pakti}) Nir. vi, 16.
  47. पचन (pacana) (pacana)
    mfn. cooking, maturing (cf. %{anvAhArya-}, %{eNI-})
    m. fire
    (%{A}) f. becoming ripe, ripening
    (%{I}) f. the wild citron tree(v.l. %{pavanI})
    n. (%{pa4c-}) a means or instrument for cooking. RV. S3Br.
    cooking, roasting, maturing, becoming cooked or ripe MBh. Sus3r. BhP.
  48. पञ्चक (pañcaka) (pañcaka)
    mfn. consisting of 5, relating to 5, made of 5 &c. Mn. MBh. Sus3r. Pur.
    5 days old (see below)
    bought with 5 Pa1n2. 5-1, 22 Sch.
    (with %{zata} n.) 5 percent Mn. Ya1jn5.
    taking 5 per cent Pa1n2. 5-1, 47 Va1rtt. 1 Pat.
    m. any collection or aggregate of 5 W. (also n.
    cf. g. %{ardharcA7di})
    a partic. caste VP.
    N. of one of the attendants of Skanda MBh.
    of a son of Nahusha VP.
    pl. the 5 first disciples of Gautama Buddha Ja1takam.
    (%{ikA}) f. a book consisting of 5 Adhya1yas (as those of the AitBr.)
    N. of a game played with 5 shells Pa1n2. 2-1, 10 Sch.
    n. an aggregate of 5, a pentad Hariv. Var. &c.
    a field of battle
    %{-mAlA} f. a kind of metre
    %{-mAsika} mfn. one who receives or earns 5 per month Pa1n2. 5-4, 116 Va1rtt. 4 Pat.
    %{-vidhAna} n. %{-vidhi} m. N. of wks.
    %{-zata} n. 5 percent Bijag.
    %{-zAnti} f. %{-zAnti-vidhi} m. N. of wks.
    %{-kA7valI} f. a kind of metre(cf. S3is3. iii, 82 Sch.)
    %{-kA7STaka-cayana-sUtra} n. N. of wk.
  49. पञ्चतय (pañcataya) (pañcataya)
    mf(%{I})n. fivefold, having five parts or limbs Kap.
    Yog. (cf. Pa1n2. 5-2, 42).
  50. पञ्चत्व (pañcatva) (pañcatva)
    n. fivefoldness
    the 5 elements BhP.
    dissolution, death (%{paJca-tvaM} %{gata} mfn. dead Hit.
    cf. %{-tA}) Ya1jn5. R. Var. &c.
  51. पञ्चपादिका (pañcapādikā) (pañcapādikā)
    f. N. of a philos. wk.
    %{-TIkA} f. %{-TikA-tattva-dIpana} n. %{--dhyAsabhASya-vyAkhyA} (%{-kA7dh-}) f. %{-vivaraNa} n. (%{-Na-prakAzikA} f.), %{-vyAkhyA} f. %{-zAstra-darpaNa} m. N. of Comms.
  52. पञ्चन् (pañcan) (pañcan)
    pl. (said to be fr. 1. %{pac}, to spread out the hand with its five fingers
    nom. acc. %{pa4Jca} AV. v, 15, 5 %{paJca4}]
    instr. %{-ca4bhis}
    dat. abl. %{-ca4bhyas}
    loc. %{-ca4su} [Class. also, %{-cabhis}, %{-cabhya4s}, %{-casu4} cf. Pa1n2. 6-1, 179 &c.]
    gen. %{-cAnA4m}) five RV. &c. &c. (cf. under %{indriya}, %{kRSTi}, %{carSaNi}, %{jana}, %{bhUta}, %{mAtra}, %{yajJa}, %{svasR} &c.)
    sg. N. of Katha1s. xiv. [Cf. Zd. {pan5can}
    Gk. $, Aeol. $
    Lat. {quinque}
    Lith. &177787[578,2] {penki4}
    Goth. {fimf}
    Germ. {fu10nf}
    Angl. Sax. {fif}
    Eng. {five}.]
  53. पञ्चम (pañcama) (pañcama)
    mf(%{I})n. the fifth VS. AV. &c. &c. (cf. Pa1n2. 5-2, 49)
    forming the 5th part (with or sc. %{aMza} = 1/5) TBr. Mn. &c.
    = %{rucira} or %{dakSa}
    m. (in music) the 5th (later 7th) note of the gamut (supposed to be produced by the air drawn from 5 parts of the body) MBh. Sa1h.
    %{-rAga} Gi1t.
    the 21st Kalpa (called after the musical note) Va1yuP.
    the 5th consonant of a Varga (i.e. the nasal) VPra1t. Pa1n2. Sch.
    N. of a Muni Cat.
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. the fifth part, 1/5 (cf. above and Pa1n2. 5-3, 49)
    copulation (as the 5th of the Tattvas of the Ta1ntrikas
    cf. %{paJca-tattva})
    (%{am}) ind. for the fifth time, fifthly TBr. Mn. viii, 125.
  54. पञ्चरात्र (pañcarātra) (pañcarātra)
    or m. a period of 5 days (nights) Kaus3. Mn. &c.
  55. पञ्चवट (pañcavaṭa) (pañcavaṭa)
    m. `" 5-threaded "', the Bra1hmanieal cord (but cf. RTL. 361)
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. the 5 fig-trees (N. applied to As3vattha, Bilva, Vat2a, Dha1tri, and As3oka) SkandaP. [577,2]
    (also n.) N. of a part of the great southern forest where the Goda1vari1 rises and where the banished Ra1ma resided MBh. R. Ragh.
    %{-Ta-} or %{-TI-mAhAtmya} n. N. of wk.
  56. पञ्चविंशतिक (pañcaviṃśatika) (pañcaviṃśatika)
    mfn. (a fine) consisting of or amounting to 25 (Pan2as) Ya1jn5. ii, 205
    n. the number 25 MBh.
    (%{A}) f. see %{-viMzati}.
  57. पञ्चशिख (pañcaśikha) (pañcaśikha)
    mfn. `" 5-crested "', having tufts of hair on the head (as an ascetic) MBh. (%{-khi-kRta} mfn. made an aascetic Bhartr2.)
    m. a lion
    N. of a S3a1m2khya teacher (called also %{-muni}, a pupil of A1suri) MBh. Va1yuP. &c.
    of an attendant of S3iva Katha1s.
    of a Gandharva L.
  58. पञ्चष (pañcaṣa) (pañcaṣa)
    mf(%{A})n. pl. 5 or 6 Ka1v.
  59. पञ्चाङ्गुलि (pañcāṅguli) (pañcāṅguli)
    mfn. 5 fingers broad Can2d2.
    having 5 fingers or finger-like divisions W.
  60. पञ्चायुध (pañcāyudha) (pañcāyudha)
    m. = %{-ca-bANa}, in %{-prapaJca} m. %{-ratna-mAlA} f. %{-stava} m. %{-stotra} n. N. of wks.
  61. पञ्चाल (pañcāla) (pañcāla) (fr. %{paJcan}
    cf. %{pAtAla}) N. of a warrior-tribe and their country in the north of India S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{apara-}, %{pUr}. %{va-})
    of a Vedic school S3Br. RPra1t.
    (sg.) a man belonging to the tribe of the Pan5ca1las
    a king of the PPan5ca1las MBh. (cf. %{pAJc-})
    N. of S3iva ib.
    of a man brought by Vishvak-sena to the childless Gan2du1sha Hariv.
    of a serpent-demon
    a partic. venomous insect MW.
    n. (?) N. of a metre Col.
    (%{I}) f. a doll, puppet Ka1d.
    a style of singing
    a chequered cloth for playing at draughts &c. W.
  62. पञ्चाश (pañcāśa) (pañcāśa)
    mf(%{I})n. the 50th(ch.of MBh. and R.)
    + 50 (e.g. %{-zaM@zatam}, 150
    cf. Pa1n2. 5-2, 46).
  63. पञ्चाशक (pañcāśaka) (pañcāśaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. 50 Pur.
    (%{ikA}) f. a collection or aggregate of 50 (cf. %{caura-paJcAzikA}, %{SaT-p-})
    N. of sev. wks.
  64. पञ्चाशत् (pañcāśat) (pañcāśat)
    f. (%{paJcan} + %{dazaT}
    cf. %{triM-zat}, %{catvAriM-zat}) fifty AV. &c. &c. (also mfn. pl. MBh. Hariv.) [Cf. Zd. {pan5ca1s3ata}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {quinqua1ginta}.]
  65. पट (paṭa) (paṭa)
    m. (n.
    ifc. f. %{A}) woven cloth, cloth, a blanket, garment, veil, screen MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{marut-}, %{vAta-})
    a painted piece of cloth, a picture Ya1jn5. Ka1d.
    monastic habit Ka1ran2d2.
    a kind of bird Lalit.
    Buchanania Latifolia
    = %{puras-kRta}
    (%{I}) f. a narrow piece of cloth, the hem or edge of a garment Ba1lar. Hcar.
    the curtain of a stage(cf. %{apaTI})
    n. a thatch or roof (= %{paTala}) L.
  66. पटल (paṭala) (paṭala)
    n. (and rarely %{I} f.) a roof, thatch Var.
    a veil, cover Ka1v. Pur. Sa1h. (ifc. f. %{A})
    a basket, chest, box Ba1lar.
    a heap, mass, multitude (esp. in comp. with a word denoting `" cloud "') MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. or m. an enclosing or surrounding skin or membrane (esp. of the eyes), a film over the eyes, cataract &c. Sus3r. Ka1ran2d2.
    a chip, piece, portion Ka1d.
    a section or chapter of a book (esp. of RPra1t.)
    n. train, retinue
    a (sectarian or ornamental) mark on the forehead or other parts of the body with sandal-wood
    m. v.l. for %{paTara} (see above)
    mf. a tree or a stalk (%{vRkSa} v.l. %{vRnta}) L.
  67. पटु (paṭu) (paṭu)
    mf(%{u}, or %{vI})n. ( %{paT}?) sharp, pungent, acrid, harsh, shrill, keen, strong, intense, violent MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    smart, clever, skilful, crafty, cunning ib.
    great or strong in, fit for, able to
    capable of (loc. or comp.) ib.
    saline (cf. %{tri-})
    cruel, hard
    eloquent(cf. %{vAk-})
    clear, manifest
    m. Trichosanthes Dioeca or its leaf
    Momordica Charantia
    Nigella Indica
    a kind of perfume
    a species of camphor
    N. of a man Pravar.
    of a poet Cat.
    (pl.) of a people Ma1rkP.
    of a caste VP.
    m. n. a mushroom
    n. salt, pulverized ssalt L.
  68. पटिका (paṭikā) (paṭikā)
    f. woven cloth Li1l.
  69. पटीयस् (paṭīyas) (paṭīyas)
    mfn. sharper, more clever
    also = prec.
    very able to or fit for (loc. or inf.) S3is3. i, 18
  70. पटीर (paṭīra) (paṭīra)
    m. ( %{paT}?) the sandal tree Bhpr.
    a ball for playing with or a thorn (%{kanduka}, or %{kaNTaka})
    the god of love
    n. (only L.) Catechu
    the belly
    a sieve
    a radish
    a field
    a cloud
    bamboo manna
    = %{haraNIya}.
  71. पटुत्व (paṭutva) (paṭutva)
    n. sharpness, acuteness, keenness, cleverness Ka1v. Hit.
  72. पट्ट (paṭṭa) (paṭṭa)
    m. (fr. %{pattra}?) a slab, tablet (for painting or writing upon) MBh.
    (esp.) a copper plate for inscribing royal grants or orders (cf. %{tAmra-})
    the flat or level surface of anything (cf. %{lalATa-}, %{zilA-}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a bandage, ligature, strip, fillet (of cloth, leather &c.) MBh. Sus3r.
    a frontlet, turban (5 kinds, viz. those of kings, queens, princes, generals, and the %{prasAda-paTTas}, or turban of honour [579,3]
    cf. VarBr2S. xlix), tiara, diadem MBh. Ka1v. Ra1jat. (ifc. f. %{A})
    cloth (= %{paTa})
    coloured or fine cloth, woven silk (= %{kauzeya}) Ka1v. Pan5c. (cf. %{cIna-p-}, %{paTTA7Mzuka} &c.)
    an upper or outer garment Bhat2t2.
    a place where 4 roads meet (= %{catuS-patha})
    Corchorus Olitorius W.
    = %{vidUSaka} Gal.
    N. of sev. men Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. a forehead ornament
    a horse's food-receptacle (= %{tAla-sAraka})
    a species of Lodhra
    a city, town (cf. %{-nivasana}).
  73. पट्टक (paṭṭaka) (paṭṭaka)
    m. a board or plate (esp. for writing upon). Ra1jat. Katha1s.
    a bandage, girdle Hcat.
    (%{ikA}) f. a tablet, plate Naish. Sch.
    a bandage, ribbon, piece of cloth, fillet Ra1jat. Katha1s. BhP.
    cloth, wove silk
    a species of Lodhra
    N. of a woman
    n. a document on a plate Ra1jat.
    a bandage, piece of cloth Sus3r.
  74. पण (paṇa) (paṇa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) play, gaming, playing for a stake, a bet or a wager (with gen.
    loc. or ifc.
    %{paNaM-kR}, to make a bet
    %{paNe@ni-as}, to stake at play) Ya1jn5. MBh. R. &c.
    a compact stipulation, agreement, treaty Katha1s. Vet. Hit.
    the thing staked or the sum played for, wages, hire, reward MBh. Mr2icch. Katha1s.
    a weight of copper used as a coin (= 20 Ma1shas = 4 Ka1kini1s) Mn. Ya1jn5.
    a partic. measure Pa1n2. 3-3, 66 (`" a handful "' Sch.)
    a commodity for sale
    wealth, property
    a publican or distiller
    a house, dwelling (%{gRha} w.r. for %{glaha}?) L.
  75. पणि (paṇi) (paṇi)
    m. a bargainer, miser, niggard (esp. one who is sparing of sacrificial oblations)
    N. of a class of envious demons watching over treasures RV. (esp. x, 108) AV. S3Br.
    a thief appearing as a Purohita BhP.
    a market
  76. पणव (paṇava) (paṇava)
    m. (prob. fr. %{pra-Nava}) a small drum or a kind of cymbal (used to accompany singing) MBh. Ka1v. (also %{A} f. L.)
    a kind of metre Col. (v.l. %{pan-})
    N. of a prince VP.
  77. पण्डित (paṇḍita) (paṇḍita)
    mfn. (according to some, for %{spandita}) learned, wise, shrewd, clever, skilful in, conversant with (loc. or comp.
    cf. Pa1n2. 2-1, 40) S3Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    m. a scholar, a learned man, teacher, philosopher, a Pandit MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of a man (= %{-taka}) MBh.
    of a Bra1hman changed into an antelope Hariv.
    incense L.
  78. पण्डितता (paṇḍitatā) (paṇḍitatā)
    f. (Bhartr2.),
  79. पण्डितत्व (paṇḍitatva) (paṇḍitatva)
    n. (Mr2icch.) learning, knowledge, wisdom, cleverness, skill.
  80. पण्य (paṇya) (paṇya)
    mfn. to be praised or commended A1pS3r.
    to be bought or sold, vendible (see n. and comp.)
    to be transacted
    (%{A}) f. Cardiospermum Halicacabum
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) an article of trade, a ware, commodity S3Br. Kaus3. Gobh. MBh. &c.
    trade, traffic, business Ka1m. Ka1v. (cf. %{jJAna-})
    a booth, shop Das3.
  81. पत (pata) (pata)
    m. flying, falling (cf. g. %{pacA7di} and %{jvalA7di}).2 mfn. well fed (= %{puSTa})
  82. पतग (pataga) (pataga)
    m. a winged or flying animal, bird Mn. MBh. &c.
    the sky-flying luminary i.e. the sun MBh.
    N. of one of the 5 fires in the Svadha1ka1ra Hariv.
    %{-pati} m. `" lord of birds "'N. of Garud2a Mr2icch. [581,1]
    %{-pannaga} m. pl. birds and serpents R.
    %{-rAja} m. `" king of birds "'N. of Garud2a BhP.
    %{-vara} m. `" chief of bbirds "'N. of Jat2a1yu R.
    %{-ge7zvara} m. `" lord of bbirds "'N. of Garud2a (MBh.) or Jat2a1yu (R.)
    %{-go7raga} m. pl. bird and snake deities Mn. vii, 23.
  83. पतञ्जलि (patañjali) (patañjali)
    m. (fr. %{pata} + %{aJj-}?
    cf. Pa1n2. 6-1, 94 Va1rtt. 4 Pat. g. %{zakandhv-Adi}) N. of a celebrated grammarian (author of the Maha1bha1shya)
    of a philosopher (the propounder of the Yoga philosophy)
    of a physician &c.
  84. पतत् (patat) (patat)
    mf(%{ntI})n. flying, falling, descending &c.
    m. a bird A1past. Ka1v.
  85. पतत्र (patatra) (patatra)
    n. a wing, pinion, feather &c. RV. &c. &c.
    a vehicle(cf. %{pattra}).
  86. पतत्रिन् (patatrin) (patatrin)
    mfn. winged, feathered, flying (also applied to Agni, the vehicle of the As3vins &c.)VS. Up. &c.
    m. a bird AV. &c. &c.
    a horse, (esp.) the hhorse in the As3va-medha sacrifice R. i, 13, 36
    an arrow MBh. iii, 16430
    a partic. fire TS.
    n. du. day and night RV. i, 158. 4.
  87. पतन (patana) (patana)
    mfn. who or what flies or falls Pa1n2. 3-2, 150
    m. N. of a Ra1kshasa MBh.
    (%{pa4t-}) n. the act of flying or coming down, alighting, descending, throwing one's self down at or into (loc. or comp.) RV. &c. &c.
    setting (as the sun) MBh.
    going down (to hell) Mn. vi, 61
    hanging down, becoming flaccid (said of the breasts) Bhartr2.
    fall, decline, ruin, death MBh. Ka1v.
    loss of caste, apostacy Pur.
    (with %{garbhasya}) miscarriage Var.
    (in arithm.) subtraction Col.
    (in astron.) the latitude of a planet W.
  88. पताका (patākā) (patākā)
    f. (ifc. f. %{A}) a flag, pennon, banner, sign, emblem Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-kAM-labh} or %{hR}, `" to win the palm "' Das3. Vcar.) [581,2]
    a flag-staff
    a partic. high number MBh. (= %{mahA-padma} Ni1lak.)
    (in dram.) an episode or episodical incident Das3ar.
    good fortune, auspiciousness
    N. of wk.
  89. पतित (patita) (patita)
    mfn. fallen, dropped, descended, alighted AV. &c. &c.
    (ifc.) fallen upon or from (Pa1n2. 2-1, 24 and 38 Sch.)
    (with %{pAdayos} or %{pAda-}) having thrown one's self at a person's feet Ka1v.
    fallen (morally), wicked, degraded, out-caste (%{-tva} n.) ChUp. Mn. MBh. &c.
    fallen into, being in (loc. or comp.) Katha1s.
    happened, occurred Pan5c. S3ukas.
    n. flying MBh.
  90. पतित्व (patitva) (patitva)
    (RV. &c. &c.) and n. matrimony, marriage.
  91. पतिव्रत (pativrata) (pativrata)
    n. loyalty or fidelity to a hhusband R.
    %{-guNa} m. the virtue of lloyalty or ffidelity MBh.
  92. पत्तन (pattana) (pattana)
    m. pl. N. of a people VP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a wife of Vikrama
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a town, city MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{dharma-} and %{paTTaNa}).
  93. पत्ति (patti) (patti)
    1 f. (fr. 2. %{pad}) going, moving, walking
  94. पत्त्र (pattra) (pattra)
    n. (and m. S3a1tkat.
    ifc. f. %{A} and %{I}) the wing of a bird, pinion, feather VS. S3Br. &c.
    the feather of an arrow R. Ragh.
    a bird
    any vehicle, a chariot, car, horse, camel &c. Mn. MBh. Ka1v.
    a leaf, petal (regarded as the plumage of a tree or flower) Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    the leaf of a partic. fragrant plant or a partic. plant with ffragrant leaves VarBr2S. xvi, 30
    Laurus Cassia (L.) and its leaf Bhpr.
    a leaf for writing on, written lleaf, lleaf of a book, paper
    a letter, document Ka1v. Ra1jat. Pan5c. (%{pattram@Aropya}, `" having committed to paper "' S3ak.)
    any thin leaf or plate of metal or gold-leaf. Var. Sus3r. (cf. %{paTTa})
    the blade of a sword or knife (cf. %{asi-})
    a knife, dagger
    = %{-bhaGga} Ragh. Gi1t. [Cf. Gk. $ (for $)
    Lat. {penna} (older &178750[581,2] {pesna} for {pet-na})
    Germ. {Feder}
    Eng. {feather}.]
  95. पत्त्रिका (pattrikā) (pattrikā)
    f. (of %{-traka}), a leaf (for writing upon), a letter, document &c. S3ak. Ka1d. Pan5c.
    a kind of earring (cf. %{danta-}) S3is3.
    N. of wk.
  96. पत्नी (patnī) (patnī)
    f. (rarely %{patni}) a female possessor, mistress RV. &c. &c.
    a wife (RV. i, 140, 6
    iv, 24, 8, even applied to cows) ib. (cf. %{pati} f.)
    (in astrol.) N. of the 7th mansion Var. [Cf. Gk. $.] &178998[582,2]
  97. पद् (pad) (pad)
    1 cl. 1. P. %{padati} v.l. for %{bad}, to stand fast or fixed Dha1tup. iii, 1, 4 Vop. 2 cl. 4. A1. (Dha1tup. xxvi, 60) %{padyate} (%{-ti} AitBr. MBh.
    Pot. %{padyAm} R.
    Impv. %{patsva} MBh.
    pf. %{papAda} RV.
    %{pede} Br.
    aor. %{apadmahi}, %{-dran} RV. [Subj. %{padAti} ib.]
    %{apatsi}, %{patthAs} AV.
    Prec. %{padISTa4}
    fut. %{patsyati} Br.
    %{-te} Up.
    %{pattA} Gr.
    inf. %{pa4ttave} RV.
    %{-tos}, %{-tum} Br.
    %{-pa4das} RV.
    ind. p. %{-pa4dya} ib.
    %{-pA4dam} Br.), to fall, fall down or out, perishVS. Br.
    to go, resort or apply to, participate in (acc.), keep, observe MBh.: Caus. %{pAda4yati}, %{-te}, to cause to fall AV. AitBr. (Pass. %{pAdyate} Br.
    Desid. %{pipAdayiSati} Br. &c.)
    %{padayate}, to go Dha1tup. xxxv, 44: Desid. %{pitsate} Pa1n2. 7-4, 54: Intens. %{panIpadyate} Ka1v.
    %{panIpadIti} Pa1n2. 7-4, 84.
  98. पथ् (path) (path)
    (cf. %{panth}) cl. 1. P. %{pa4thati}, to go, move
    to fly Suparn2. Dha1tup. xx, 17: Caus. %{pAthayati}, to throw, send (xxxii, 20 v.l. for %{pRth} and %{prath}).
  99. पथिक (pathika) (pathika)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. knowing the way, going on a road W.
    m. a traveller, wayfarer, guide MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{A}) f. red grapes L.
  100. पथ्य (pathya) (pathya)
    mfn. `" belonging to the way "', suitable, fit, proper, wholesome, salutary (lit. and fig.
    esp. said of diet in a medical sense) Ya1jn5. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    containing elements or leading forms, regular, normal La1t2y. Nid.
    m. Terminalia Chebula or Citrina
    N. of a teacher of AV.
    (%{A4}) f. a path, way, road (with %{reva4tI}, `" the auspicious path, personified as a deity of happiness and welfare) RV. TS. Br.
    Terminalia Chebula or Citrina and other plants
    N. of sev. metres Nid. Col.
    N. of a woman Katha1s.
    n. a species of salt L.
  101. पद (pada) (pada)
    n. (rarely m.) a step, pace, stride
    a footstep, trace, vestige, mark, the foot itself. RV. &c. &c. (%{padena}, on foot
    %{pade@pade}, at every step, everywhere, on every occasion
    %{trINi@padAni@viSNoH}, the three steps or footprints of Vishn2u [i.e. the earth, the air, and the sky
    cf. RV. i, 154, 5 Vikr. i, 19], also N. of a constellation or according to some `" the space between the eyebrows "'
    sg. %{viSNoH@padam}N. of a locality
    %{padaM-dA}, %{padAt@padaM-gam} or %{cal}, to make a step move on
    %{padaM-kR}, with loc. to set foot in or on, to enter
    with %{mUrdhni}, to set the foot upon the head of [gen.] i.e. overcome
    with %{citte} or %{hRdaye}, to take possession of any one's heart or mind
    with loc. or %{prati}, to have dealings with %{padaM@ni-dhA} with loc., to set foot in = to make impression upon
    with %{padavyAm}, to set the foot on a person's [gen. or ibc.] track, to emulate or equal
    %{padam@ni-bandh} with loc., to enter or engage in)
    a sign, token, characteristic MBh. Katha1s. Pur.
    a footing, standpoint
    position rank station, site, abode, home RV. &c. &c. (%{padam@A-tan}, to spread or extend one's position
    %{padAt@padam@bhrAmayitvA}, having caused to wander from place to place)
    a business affair, matter, object or cause of (gen. or comp.) Ka1v. Pan5c. &c.
    a pretext
    a part, portion, division (cf. %{dvi-}, %{tri-})
    a square on a chess-board R.
    a plot of ground Inscr.
    the foot as a measure of length (= 12 or 15 fingers "' breadth, or 1/2 or 1/3 or 3/7 of a Prakrama) Ka1tyS3r.
    a ray of light (m. L.)
    a portion of a verse, quarter or line of a stanza RV. &c. &c.
    a word or an inflected word or the stem of a noun in the middle cases and before some Taddhitas Pa1n2. 1-4, 14 &c. [583,2]
    = %{pada-pATha} Pra1t.
    common N. of the P. and A1. Cat.
    any one in a set of numbers the sum of which is required
    a period in an arithmetical progression Col.
    a square root Su1ryas.
    a quadrant ib.
    protection[Cf. Gk. $
    &179282[583,2] Lat. {peda}
    {op-pidum} for {op-pedum}.]
  102. पदवी (padavī) (padavī)
    m. (nom. %{s}) a leader, guide, forerunner(cf. %{-vAya}) [583,3]
    f. (nom. %{vI}) a road, path, way, track, reach, range
    acc. with %{gam}, %{yA} &c., to go the way of (cf. under %{artha-padavI}, %{ghana-}, %{pavana-}, %{mokSa-}, %{yauvana-}, %{sAdhu-}, %{smaraNa-}, %{hAsya-}
    %{padam-dhA} or %{ni-dhA@padavyAm} [comp. or gen.], to tread in the footsteps of a person i.e. imitate or rival him) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    station, situation, place, site R. Pan5c.
    %{--vI4ya} n. footsteps, track RV. x, 71, 3 (if not acc. for %{vya4m}).
  103. पदातिन् (padātin) (padātin)
    mfn. having foot-soldiers MBh.
    going or being on foot
    m. a foot-soldier MBh. R.
  104. पद्म (padma) (padma)
    m. n. (2. or 3. %{pad}?) a lotus (esp. the flower of the lotus-plant Nelumbium Speciosum which closes towards evening
    often confounded with the water-lily or Nymphaea Alba) MBh. Ka1v. &c. (ifc. f. %{A})
    the form or figure of a lotus R. Ma1rkP. (a N. given by the Ta1ntrikas to the 6 divisions of the upper part of the body called Cakras q.v.)
    a partic. mark or mole on the human body R.
    red or coloured marks on the face or trunk of an elephant
    a partic. part of a column or pillar Var.
    a kind of temple ib.
    an army arrayed in the form of a lotus Mn. MBh.
    a partic. posture of the body in religious meditation, Veda7nt. (cf. %{padmA7sana})
    a kind of coitus
    one of the 9 treasures of Kubera (also personified) R.
    one of the 8 treasures connected with the magical art called Padmini1 MBh. Hariv. &c.
    a partic. high number (1000 millions or billions) MBh. R. &c.
    a partic. constellation Var.
    N. of a partic. cold hell Buddh.
    a partic. fragrant substance MBh. (v.l. %{-maka})
    the root of Nelumbium Speciosum
    a species of bdellium
    m. a species of plant
    an elephant
    a species of serpent Sus3r.
    N. of Ra1ma (son of Das3a-ratha) S3atr.
    of two serpent-demons MBh. R. &c.
    of one of the attendants of Skanda MBh.
    of a mythical Buddha MWB. 136 n. 1.
    (with Jainas) N. of the 9th Cakra-vartin in Bha1rata and of one of the 9 white Balas
    N. of a king MBh.
    of a prince of Kas3mi1ra (founder of Padma-pura and of a temple
    see %{padma-svAmin}) Ra1jat.
    of another man ib.
    of a Bra1hman Lalit.
    of a mythical elephant R. (cf. %{mahA-padma})
    of a monkey R.
    of a mountain Var.
    (%{A}) f. `" the lotus-hued one "'N. of S3ri1 Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{padma-zrI})
    a species of plant Sus3r. (Clerodendrum Siphorantus or Hibiscus Mutabilis L.)
    the flower of Carthamus Tinctoria
    N. of the mother of Muni-suvrata (the 20th Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i1)
    of a female serpent-demon (= the goddess Manasa1, wife of the sage Jarat-ka1ru
    cf. %{padma-priyA})
    of a daughter of king Br2ihadratha and wife of Kalki Pur.
    mfn. lotus-hued, being of the colour of a lotus Shad2vBr.
  105. पद्मनाभ (padmanābha) (padmanābha)
    m. `" llotus-naveled "'N. of Vishn2u (from whose navel sprang the lotus which contained Brahma1, the future creator) MBh. Hariv. R.
    N. of the 11th month (reckoned from Ma1rgas3i1rsha) Var.
    a magical formula spoken over weapons R.
    N. of a serpent-demon MBh.
    of a son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra ib.
    of the first Arhat of the future Ut-sarpin2i1
    of sev. authors (also %{-tIrtha}, %{-datta}, %{-dIkSita}, %{-purI}, %{-bhaTTa}, %{-yAjJika}) and other men Cat. Inscr.
    %{-dvadazI} f. N. of the 12th day in the light half of the month A1s3vayuja Cat.
    %{-bija} n. the algebra of Padma-na1bha Col.
  106. पद्मपाणि (padmapāṇi) (padmapāṇi)
  107. पद्मवत् (padmavat) (padmavat)
    mfn. full of llotus-flowers Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a wife of As3oka (cf. %{padmA-vatI})
    of a town BhP.
  108. पद्मसम्भव (padmasambhava) (padmasambhava)
    m. = %{-ja} Hariv.
    N. of a Buddhist teacher who founded the Red sect in Tibet MWB. 272 &c.
  109. पद्मिन् (padmin) (padmin)
    mfn. spotted (as an elephant) MBh.
    possessing lotuses
    m. an elephant
    (%{nI}) f. see next.
  110. पद्य (padya) (padya)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. 3. %{pad} and %{pada}) relating or belonging to a foot RV. Ka1t2h.
    hurting or coming in contact with the feet Pa1n2. 4-4, 83
    vi, 3, 53. Sch.
    marked with footsteps ib. iv, 4, 87 Sch.
    measuring a Pada in length or breadth Ka1tyS3r. (also in comp. with numerals
    cf. %{ardha-}, %{daza-})
    consisting of Padas or parts of verses Br. A1s3vGr2. RPra1t.
    consisting of one Pada Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    forming the end, final, APra1t.
    m. a S3u1dra(cf. %{paj-ja})
    a part of a word, verbal element RPra1t.
    (%{pa4dyA}) f. footsteps, paces (pl.) RV.
    a way, path, road
    a foot as a measure of length Ka1tyS3r.
    n. a verse, metre, poetry (opp. to %{gadya}, prose) Va1m. Ka1vya7d. Sa1h. &c.
    N. of sev. hymns.
  111. पन्न (panna) (panna)
    mfn. fallen, fallen down, gone &c.
    m. (!) downward motion, fall, creeping on the ground Un2. iii, 10 Sch. &c. see p. 584, col. 2.
  112. पन्नग (pannaga) (pannaga)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) `" creeping low "', a serpent or serpent-demon Suparn2. MBh. &c.
    Cerasus Puddum
    (%{I}) f. see below
    %{-kesara} m. Mesua Roxburghii
    %{-nAzana} m. `" sserpent-killer "'N. of Garud2a Hariv.
    %{-purI} f. the city of the sserpent-demons
    %{-bhojana} m. `" sserpent-eater "'N. of Garud2a MBh.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. formed or consisting of sserpent Hariv.
    %{-rAja} m. sserpent-king MBh.
    %{--gA7ri} m. `" serpent-foe "'N. of Garud2a Hariv.
    of a teacher (v.l. %{-gAni}) VP.
    %{--gA7zana} m. = %{-gabhojana}
    %{-ge7ndra} and %{--gezvara} m. `" sserpent king "' MBh.
  113. पयस् (payas) (payas)
    n. (1. %{pI}) any fluid or juice, (esp.) milk, water, rain
    semen virile, (met.) vital spirit, power, strength RV. &c. &c.
    a species of Andropogon Bhpr.
    N. of a Sa1man S3rS.
    of a Vira1j RPra1t.
    night Naigh. i, 7.
  114. पयस्वत् (payasvat) (payasvat)
    (%{pa4-}) mfn. full of juice or sap, juicy, succulent, containing water or milk or semen
    overflowing, exuberant, copious, powerful, strongTS. Br. Gr2S3rS.
    (%{I}) f. the night
    pl. rivers Naigh. i, 13.
  115. परकीय (parakīya) (parakīya)
    mf(%{A})n. belonging to another or a stranger, strange, hostile (%{-tA} f.) Mn. (%{nipAna} n. a tank belonging to ananother, iv, 201) S3ak. Ka1m.
    (%{A}) f. ananother's wife or a woman dependent on others (%{-tva} n.) Sa1h.
  116. परत्व (paratva) (paratva)
    n. distance, remoteness, consequence, posteriority, difference, strangeness, superiority to (gen.) A1past. MBh. Pur. &c.
    = %{-tA} Kap.
    %{-ratnA7kara} m. N. of wk.
  117. परनिपात (paranipāta) (paranipāta)
    m. the irregular posteriority of a word in a compound (opp. to %{pUrva-n-}) Pa1n2. Sch.
  118. परभृत (parabhṛta) (parabhṛta)
    m. `" nourished by another "', the Kokila or Indian cuckoo (supposed to leave its eggs to be hatched by the crow) Ka1v.
    (%{A}) f. the female KKokila ib.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting entirely of cuckoos Ka1d.
  119. पर (para) (para)
    1 mf(%{A})n. (1. %{pR}
    abl. sg. m. n. %{pa4rasmAt}, %{-rAt}
    loc. %{pa4rasmin}, %{-re}
    nom. pl. m. %{pa4re}, %{-rAs}, %{-rAsas}
    cf. Pa1n2. 1-1, 34
    vii, 1, 16
    50) far, distant, remote (in space), opposite, ulterior, farther than, beyond, on the other or farther side of, extreme
    previous (in time), former
    ancient, past
    later, future, next
    following, succeeding, subsequent
    final, last
    exceeding (in number or degree), more than
    better or worse than, superior or inferior to, best or worst, highest, supreme, chief (in the compar. meanings [where also %{-tara}], with abl., rarely gen. or ifc.
    exceptionally %{paraM@zatam}, more than a hundred lit. `" an excessive hhundred, a hhundred with a surplus "' R. [586,2]
    %{parAH@koTayaH} Prab. Hcat.) RV. &c. &c.
    strange, foreign, alien, adverse, hostile ib.
    other than, different from (abl.) Prab.
    left, remaining Katha1s.
    concerned or anxious for (loc.) R.
    m. another (different from one's self), a foreigner, enemy, foe, adversary RV. &c. &c.
    a following letter or sound (only ifc. mfn. e.g. %{ta-para}, having %{t} as the ffollowing lletter, followed by %{t}) RPra1t. Pa1n2.
    (scil. %{graha}) a subsidiary Soma-graha TS.
    N. of a king of Kosala with the patr. A1t2n2a1ra Br.
    of another king MBh.
    of a son of Samara Hariv.
    (sc. %{prAsAda}) of the palace of Mitravinda1 ib.
    m. or n. the Supreme or Absolute Being, the Universal Soul Up. R. Pur.
    (%{A}) f. a foreign country, abroad (?) Katha1s.
    a species of plant
    N. of a sound in the first of its 4 stages
    a partic. measure of time Sa1y.
    N. of a river MBh. VP. (v.l. %{pArA}, %{veNA}, %{veNNA})
    of a goddess (cf. s.v.) n. remotest distance MBh.
    highest point or degree ib.
    final beatitude(also %{-taram} and %{parAt@para-taram})
    the number 10,000,000,000 (as the full age of Brahma1) VP.
    N. of partic. Sa1mans Ka1t2h.
    any chief matter or paramount object (ifc. [f. %{A}] having as the chief object, given up to, occupied with, engrossed in, intent upon, resting on, consisting of, serving for, synonymous with &c. MBh. Ka1v. &c.)
    the wider or mare extended or remoter meaning of a word Jaim. Kull.
    (in logic) genus
    existence (regarded as the common property of all things) W.
    (%{am}) ind. afterwards, later
    (with abl.) beyond, after (e.g. %{paraM@vijJAnAt}, beyond human knowledge
    %{astam-ayAt@p-}, after sunset
    %{mattaH@p-}, after me
    %{ataH@p-} or %{param@ataH}, after this, farther on, hereafter, next
    %{itaH@p-}, henceforward, from now
    %{tataH@p-} or %{tataz@ca@p-}, after that, thereupon
    %{nA7smAt@p-} [for %{mA7sm-p-}], no more of this, enough) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    in a high degree, excessively, greatly, completely ib.
    rather, most willingly, by all means ib.
    I will, so be it DivyA7v.
    at the most, at the utmost, merely, no more than, nothing but ib.
    but, however, otherwise (%{paraM@tu} or %{paraM@kiM@tu} id.
    %{yadi@p-}, if at all, perhaps, at any rate
    %{na-p-}, not-but
    %{na@pparaM-api}, not only-but also
    %{pparaM@na-api@na}, not only not-but not even
    %{na@pparaM-yAvat}, not only-but even) ib.
    (%{pa4reNa}) ind. farther, beyond, past (with acc.) RV. &c. &c.
    thereupon, afterwards, later than, after (with abl.or gen.). Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{pare4}) ind. later, farther, in future, afterwards RV. MBh. Ka1v. [Cf. Zd. {para}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {peren-die}
    Goth. &180201[586,2] {fai4rra}
    Germ. {fern}
    Eng. {far} and {fore}.]
  120. परम (parama) (parama)
    mf(%{A})n. (superl. of %{pa4ra}) most distant, remotest, extreme, last RV. &c. &c.
    chief, highest, primary, most prominent or conspicuous
    best, most excellent, worst (%{-meNa@cetasA}, with all the heart
    %{-ma-kaNThena}, `" with all the throat "', roaring, speaking aloud) ib.
    (with abl.) superior or inferior to, better or worse than MBh. R.
    m. N. of 2 authors Cat.
    n. highest point, extreme limit (%{catur-viMzati-p-}, at the utmost 24) MBh. &c.
    chief part or matter or object (ifc. f. %{A} = consisting chiefly of, completely occupied with or devoted to or intent upon) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. yes, very well
    (also %{parama-} in comp.
    see below) very much, excessively, excellently, in the highest degree MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  121. परमता (paramatā) (paramatā)
    (%{-ma4-}) f. highest position or rank
    highest end or aim S3Br.
  122. परमहंस (paramahaṃsa) (paramahaṃsa)
    m. an ascetic of the highest order, a religious man who has subdued all his senses by abstract meditation MBh. Pur. &c. (cf. RTL. 87)
    %{-kavaca} m. or n. %{-dharma-nirUpaNa} n. %{-nirNaya} m. %{-paJcA7Gga} n. %{-paTala} m. or n. %{-paddhati} f. %{-parivrAjaka-dharma-saMgraha} m. N. of wks.
    %{-parivrAjakA7cArya} m. N. of S3a1m2kara7ca1rya
    %{-parivrAjako7paniSad} f. %{-priyA} f. %{-saMhitA} f. %{-sahasra-nAman} n. %{-stava-rAja} m. %{-stotra} n. %{-so7paniSad} f. (%{-Sad-hRdaya} n.), %{-so7pA7sana-prakAra} m. N. of wks.
  123. परमात्मन् (paramātman) (paramātman)
    m. all the heart (only instr. = %{parameNa@cetasA}, col. 1) MBh.
    the Supreme Spirit Up. Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. RTL. 37). [588,3]
  124. परमार्थ (paramārtha) (paramārtha)
    m. the highest or whole truth, spiritual knowledge MBh. Ka1v. Veda7ntas. &c. (ibc.
    %{-ena}, %{At}, in reality)
    any excellent or important object W.
    the best sense ib.
    the best kind of wealth ib.
    %{-tas} ind. in reality, really, in the true sense of the word R. Ka1lid. &c.
    %{-tA} f. the highest truth, reality Kap. Sch.
    %{-daridra} mfn. really poor Mr2icch.
    %{-darzana} m. N. of a Sama1dhi Ka1ran2d2.
    %{-nirNaya} m. %{-prakAza} m. %{-pradIpikA} f. %{-prapA} f. %{-bodha} m. N. of wks.
    %{-bhAj} mfn. partaking of the highest truth Mcar.
    %{-matsya} m. a real fish Ragh.
    %{-vid} m. one who knows the highest truth, a philosopher W.
    %{-vinda} mfn. acquiring knowledge of ttruth, obtaining the best kind of wealth &c. ib.
    %{-viveka} m. %{-saMvRti-satya-nirdeza} m. %{-saMgraha} m. N. of wks.
    %{-satya} n. the real or entire truth
    %{-saMdarbha} m. N. of wk.
    %{-sarit} f. really a river Vikr.
    %{-sAra} m. (%{-ra-saMkSepa-vivRti} f. %{-ra-saMgraha}, m.) N. of wks.
    %{-supta} mfn. really asleep Mr2icch.
    %{-stuti} f. N. of wk.
  125. परमेश्वर (parameśvara) (parameśvara)
    m. the supreme lord, Supreme Being, God
    N. of S3iva
    of Vishn2u
    of Indra
    of any eminent prince or illustrious man MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. RTL. 35 &c.)
    a Jaina
    N. of sev. authors (%{-rIya} n. a work of PParame7s3a) Cat.
    (%{I}) f. N. of Durga1 Hariv.
    of Si1ta1 Ra1matUp. (%{-rI-dAsA7bdhi} m. N. of wk.)
    n. (sc. %{liGga}) N. of a Lin3ga sacred to S3iva Cat.
    %{-tantra} n. N. of wk.
    %{-tA} f. %{-tva} n. supremacy Sarvad.
    %{-datta} m. N. of an author
    %{-paJca-mukha-dhyAna} n. %{-paJca-ratna} n. N. of wks.
    %{-praNi-dhAna} n. meditation on God Sarvad.
    %{-rakSita} m. N. of an author
    %{-varman} m. N. of a man
    %{-saMhitA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-sA7kSAt-kAra} m. intuitive perception of God Sarvad.
    %{-stuti} f. %{-stotra} n. N. of wks.
    %{-rA7stitva-vAdin} m. one who asserts the existence of God Sarvad.
  126. परम्परा (paramparā) (paramparā)
    f. an uninterrupted row or series, order, succession, continuation, mediation, tradition (%{-rayA} ind. by tradition, indirectly) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    lineage, progeny
    hurting, killing
    %{-prA7pta} (Bhag.), %{--yAta} (%{-rA7y-} Var.) mfn. received by tradition [587,2]
    %{-vAhana} n. an indirect means of conveyance (e.g. the horse which draws a carriage)
    %{-sambandha} m. an indirect conjunction Pa1n2. 8-1, 24 Sch.
  127. परवाणि (paravāṇi) (paravāṇi)
    m. (L.) a judge
    a year
    N. of Ka1rttikeya's peacock.
  128. परशु (paraśu) (paraśu)
    m. a hatchet, axe, the axe of a woodcutter
    (Naigh. ii, 20) a thunderbolt RV. &c. &c.
    N. of a king MBh.
    w.r. for %{parzu} q.v. [Cf. Gk. $, &181040[589,2] &c.]
  129. परसवर्ण (parasavarṇa) (parasavarṇa)
    mfn. homogeneous with a following letter Pa1n2.
    %{-NI-bhu}, to become hhomogeneous &c. Pat.
  130. परस्पर (paraspara) (paraspara)
    (fr. nom. sg. m. of %{para} + %{para}
    cf. %{anyo'nya}) mf(%{A})n. mutual, each other's Bhat2t2.
    pl. like one another MBh. xii, 2420
    (mostly in the oblique cases of m. sg. %{-am}, %{eNa}, %{At}, %{asya}) ind. one another, each other, with or from one another, one another's, mutually, reciprocally Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    so also ibc. (cf. below)
    rarely ifc. e.g. %{avijJAta-parasparaiH}, `" not knowing each other "' Ragh. xvii, 51.
  131. परस्मइपदिन् (parasmaipadin) (parasmaipadin)
    mfn. taking those terminations Pa1n2. Sch.
  132. पराक्रम (parākrama) (parākrama)
    m. (sg. and pl.
    ifc. f. %{A}) bold advance, attack, heroism, courage, power, strength, energy, exertion, enterprise MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    going out or away
    N. of Vishn2u
    of a warrior on the side of the Kurus MBh.
    of a chief of the Vidya1-dharas (associated with A1-krama, Vi-krama and Sam2krama) Katha1s.
    %{-kesarin} m. N. of a prince (son of Vikrama-kesarin) Vet.
    %{-jJa} mfn. knowing the strength (of an enemy) W.
    %{-vat} (Ma1rkP.), %{-min} (MBh. Hariv.) mfn. showing courage or strength, exerting power.
  133. पराक्रान्त (parākrānta) (parākrānta)
    (%{pa4rA-}) mfn. advanced, valorous, strong, bold, active, energetic AV. &c. &c.
    eagerly intent upon (with loc. e.g. %{palAyane}, on fleeing) MBh.
    n. displaying power or energy Ja1takam.
  134. पराग (parāga) (parāga)
    m. (prob. for %{apa-r-}), the pollen of a flower Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    dust Ragh. iv, 30
    fragrant powder used after bathing
    an eclipse of the sun or moon
    fame, celebrity
    N. of a mountain L.
  135. पराङ्मुख (parāṅmukha) (parāṅmukha)
    mf(%{I})n. having the face turned away or averted, turning the back upon (also %{am} ind.)
    flying from
    averse from, hostile to, regardless of, shunning, avoiding (loc.
    acc. with %{prati}, or comp.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    unfavourable, unkind (as fate &c.) MBh. Ka1lid.
    m. a spell or magical formula pronounced over weapons R.
    n. (ch. of MBh.), %{-tA} f. (Amar.), %{-tva} n. (Var.) turning away, aversion
    %{-khaya} Nom. P. %{-yati}, to turn back or away Bhat2t2. Sch.
    %{-khI-kR}, to cause any one to avert the face, put to flight MBh.
    %{-khI-bhU}, to become averted, turn away the face, take to flight, retreat Ka1v. Vet.
    %{-bhUta} mfn. averse from, inauspicious, unfavourable (as fate) Pan5c.
  136. पराचीन (parācīna) (parācīna)
    mfn. turned away or downwards or opposite, averted VS. &c. &c.
    being oopposite or beyond or outside of BhP. averse from, indifferent to (abl.) MBh.
    unfit, improper Hcar.
    (%{am}) ind. away from, beyond (abl.) S3Br.
    more than Ka1t2h.
    after TS.
    before the time L.
  137. पराधीन (parādhīna) (parādhīna)
    mf(%{A})n. = %{-ra-vaza} Mn. MBh. &c.
    (ifc.) entirely engaged in or intent upon or devoted to Ka1d. Ra1jat.
    %{-tA} f. (Ka1v.), %{-tva} n. (MW.) dependence upon another, subjection.
  138. पराभूति (parābhūti) (parābhūti)
    (%{pa4rA-}) f. defeat, overthrow, humiliation, injury AV. Ka1v. Pur.
  139. परामर्श (parāmarśa) (parāmarśa)
    m. seizing, pulling (%{keza-}, by the hair) MBh.
    bending or drawing (of a bow) R.
    violation, injury, assault, attack MBh. R. Ka1d.
    affection (by disease &c.) Ma1rkP.
    remembrance, recollection Veda7ntas.
    referring or pointing ttouched Sa1h.
    reflection, consideration, judgment MBh. Bha1sha1p.
    (in logic) inference, conclusion, drawing conclusions from analogy or experience, knowledge of the minor premiss in its connection with the major
    N. of wk.
    %{-kAraNapakSatA-vAda} m. %{-karya-kAraNa-bhAva-vicAra} m. %{-grantha} m. %{-grantha-rahasya} n. %{-TippanI} f. %{-pUrva-pakSa-grantka-TIkA} f. (%{-thakroDa} m. %{-tha-dIdhiti-TIkA} f. %{-tha-prakAza} m. %{-tha-vivecana} n. %{-thA7nugama} m.), %{-pUrvapakSa-rahasya} n. %{-rahasya} n. %{-vAda} m. %{-vAdA7rtha} m. %{-vicAra} m. %{-siddhA7nta-grantha-TIkA} f. (%{-tha-kroDa} m. %{-tha-prakAza} m. %{-tha-vivecana} n. %{-thA7loka}, m.), %{-siddhA7nta-rahasya} n. %{-hetutA-vicAra} m. N. of wks. [590,3]
  140. परायण (parāyaṇa) (parāyaṇa)
    n. (for 2. see p. 590, col. 3) final end or aim, last resort or refuge, principal object, chief matter, essence, summary (%{-NaM-kR}, to do one's utmost) S3Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    (in medic.) a universal medicine, panacea Car.
    a religious order or division W.
    f. %{A}) making anything one's chief object, wholly devoted or destined to, engaged in, intent upon, filled or occupied with, affected or possessed by (%{-tA} f. Das3.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    mf(%{A})n. violent, strong (as pain) MBh. i, 8367 (Ni1lak.)
    principal, being the chief object or final aim ib.
    dependent on (gen.) R.
    leading or conducive to (gen.) MBh.
    m. N. of a pupil of Ya1jn5avalkya Va1yuP.
    %{-vat} mfn. occupying the principal point, most elevated MBh.
  141. परार्थ (parārtha) (parārtha)
    m. the highest advantage or interest, an important object MBh.
    sexual intercourse Pan5c.
    ananother's advadvantage or intinterest (ibc., %{-rtham} or %{-rthe} ind. for another or for others or for something else) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    mfn. (also %{-ka}) having ananother object
    designed for ananother
    dependent on something else (%{-tA} f. %{-tva} n.) S3rS. Sa1m2khyak. Tarkas.
    %{-cara} mfn. intent upon ananother's welfare Ja1takam.
    %{-caryA} f. care for ananother wwelfare ib.
    %{-niSTha} mfn. fixed on the supreme good MW.
    %{-vAdin} mfn. speaking for another, a mediator, a substitute Ya1jn5. Sch.
    %{-rthin} mfn. striving after the supreme good (emancipation) Ca1n2. %{parA7rdha} &c. see under %{para}, p. 587, col. 3.
  142. परावर (parāvara) (parāvara)
    mf(%{A})n. distant and near, earlier and later, prior and subsequent, highest and lowest, all-including (%{-tva} n.) MBh. Pur. &c.
    handed down from earlier to later times, traditional Mun2d2Up.
    each successive BhP.
    m. pl. ancestors and descendants Mn. i, 105
    iii, 38
    n. the distant and near &c.
    cause and effect, motive and consequence, the whole extent of an idea, totality, the universe Mun2d2Up. MBh. Veda7ntas.
    %{-jJa} (MBh.), %{-dRz} (MW.), %{-vid} (BhP.) mfn. knowing or seeing both distant and near or past and future &c. [588,1]
    %{-vibhAgavid} mfn. knowing the difference between the ddistant and nnear &c. MBh.
    %{-re7za} m. N. of Vishn2u VP. (cf. %{parA7pare7za}). &c. see p. 587, col. 3.
  143. परावर्त (parāvarta) (parāvarta)
    &c. see %{parA-vRt}. m. turning back or round
    exchange, barter HParis3.
    reversal of a sentence (in law) W.
    restoration W.
  144. पराशर (parāśara) (parāśara)
    see %{parA-zRR} below.
  145. पराह्ण (parāhṇa) (parāhṇa)
    m. the afternoon Var. Pan5c. (w.r. %{-hna}).
  146. परिकल्प (parikalpa) (parikalpa)
    %{-pana} &c. see %{pari-klRp}, p. 592, col. 1. m. i1llusion Buddh.
    w.r. for %{-kampa}.
  147. परिकल्पित (parikalpita) (parikalpita)
    mfn. settled, decided
    fixed upon, chosen, wished for, expected, made, created, imagined, invented, contrived, arranged, distributed, divided (with %{khaNDa-zaH}, cut or broken in pieces) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  148. परिक्रम (parikrama) (parikrama)
    m. roaming about, circumambulating, walking through, pervading MBh. Pur.
    transition RPra1t. (v.l. %{parA-kr-})
    following the course of a river down from its source to its mouth and then on the other bank up to its source again RTL. 348
    succession, series, order La1t2y. Kaus3. Mn. iii, 214 (read %{AvRt-parikramam})
    a remedy, medicine Car.
    %{-saha} m. `" one who bears running about "', a goat L.
  149. परिक्लिष्ट (parikliṣṭa) (parikliṣṭa)
    mfn. much vexed or troubled, pained, harassed, afflicted, exhausted MBh. R. &c.
    n. = %{-kleza}
    (%{am}) ind. with uneasiness or reluctance, unwillingly.
  150. परिक्लेष्टृ (parikleṣṭṛ) (parikleṣṭṛ)
    m. a tormentor, torturer MBh.
  151. परिक्षित् (parikṣit) (parikṣit)
    mfn. dwelling or spreading around, surrounding, extending (as Agni, heaven and earth &c.)AitBr.
    m. N. of an ancient king (son of Abhimanyu and father of Janam-ejaya) MBh. Hariv.
    of a son of Kuru and father of another JanJanam Hariv.
    of a son of A-vikshit and brother of JanJanam MBh.
    of a king of A-yodhya1 ib. (cf. %{parI-kSit} under 1. %{parI}, p. 605, col. 1).
  152. परिखण्डन (parikhaṇḍana) (parikhaṇḍana)
    see %{mAna-parikh-}.
  153. परिखिन्न (parikhinna) (parikhinna)
    mfn. depressed, afflicted, exhausted MBh. R. &c.
  154. परिग्रह (parigraha) (parigraha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) laying hold of on all sides, surrounding, enclosing, fencing round (esp. the Vedi or sacrificial altar by means of three lines or furrows) S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. &c.
    wrapping round, putting on (a dress &c.), assuming (a form &c.) Ka1v.
    comprehending, summing up, sum, totality, Sa1n3khBr. Mn.
    taking, accepting, receiving or anything received, 2 gift or present MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    getting, attaining, acquisition, possession, property (ifc. `" being possessed of or furnished with "') ib.
    household, family, attendants, retinue, the seraglio of a prince ib.
    a house, abode Hariv.
    root, origin, foundation MBh.
    admittance (into one's house), hospitable reception Mn. MBh. R. Ka1ran2d2.
    taking (a wife), marrying, marriage Mn. MBh. &c.
    a wife (also collect.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    choice, selection ib.
    understanding, conception Pa1n2. Sch.
    undertaking, beginning, commission or performance of, occupation with Mn. R. Hariv.
    homage, reverence, grace, favour, help, assistance MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    dominion, control (ifc. `" dependent on, subject to "') R. Var. Ma1rkP.
    force, constraint, punishment (opp. to %{anu-graha}) R.
    claim on, relation to, concern with (loc.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in Ved. gram.) the double mention of a word both before and after %{iti}
    the form which precedes %{iti} RPra1t.
    a curse, imprecation, oath
    an eclipse of the sun
    the rear or reserve of an army(v.l. %{prati-gr-})
    %{-tva} n. state of a wife, marriage Das3.
    %{-dvitIya} mfn. accompanied by one's wife or family MW.
    %{-bahu-tva} n. multitude of wives S3ak.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting of a family Prab.
    %{-vat}, or %{-hin} mfn. possessed of, wealth, having property MBh. [593,2]
    %{-hA7rthIya} mfn. having the sense of comprehension i.e. generalization Nir. i, 7.
  155. परिचय (paricaya) (paricaya)
    &c. see under %{pari-} 1. 2. %{ci}. m. heaping up, accumulation Kaus3.
    %{-vat} mfn. being at its height, complete, finished Ma1lav. iii, 20. 1. m. acquaintance, intimacy, familiarity with, knowledge of (gen. loc. instr. with or sc. %{samam}, or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    trial, practice, frequent repetition Ka1v. (cf. %{rati-p-})
    meeting with a friend W.
    %{-yA7vasthA} f. (with Yogins) a partic. state of ecstasy Cat. 2.
  156. परिचार (paricāra) (paricāra)
    m. attendance, service, homage MBh.
    a place for walking ib.
    an assistant or servant ib.
  157. परिचारण (paricāraṇa) (paricāraṇa)
    n. (m. c. for %{-caraNa}) attendance MBh. Das3ar.
  158. परिचारिन् (paricārin) (paricārin)
    mfn. moving about, moveable MBh.
    attending on or to, serving, worshipping MBh. Hariv. &c.
    m. man-servant (%{-cAriNI} f. maid) Ta1n2d2Br. MBh. R.
    %{-ri-tA} f. Ka1m.
  159. परिचित (paricita) (paricita)
    mfn. heaped up, accumulated, gathered Megh. Ra1jat. BhP.
    (with instr.) filled with, containing, Bhp. 1. mfn. known, familiar (%{-taM-kR}, to make a person's acquaintance) Hariv. Ka1v.
    %{-bhU} mfn. having (its) place well known MW.
    %{-vivikta} mfn. familiarised to seclusion S3ak. v, 10.
  160. परिच्छिन्न (paricchinna) (paricchinna)
    mfn. cut off, divided, detached, confined, limited, circumscribed (%{-tva} n.) R. BhP. &c.
    determined, ascertained Kum.
    obviated, remedied W.
  161. परिच्छेद (pariccheda) (pariccheda)
    m. cutting, severing, division, separation S3am2k. Sus3r.
    accurate definition, exact discrimination (as between false and true), right and wrong &c.), decision, judgment Ka1v. S3am2k. Kull.
    resolution, determination Ka1d.
    a section or chapter of a book Cat.
    limit, boundary. W.
    obviating, remedying ib.
    %{-kara} m. N. of a Sama1dhi
    %{-vyakti} f. distinctness of perception Ma1lati1m.
    %{-dA7kula} mfn. perplexed (through inability) to decide S3ak.
    %{-dA7tI7ta} mfn. surpassing all definition Ma1lati1m.
  162. परिजन (parijana) (parijana)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a surrounding company of people, entourage, attendants, servants, followers, suite, train, retinue (esp. of females) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a single servant Ka1lid. Katha1s. Pan5c.
  163. परिजात (parijāta) (parijāta)
    (%{pa4ri-}) mfn. begotten by, descended from (abl.) ib.
    fully developed (%{a-parij-}) A1s3vGr2.
  164. परिणय (pariṇaya) (pariṇaya)
    %{-yana} &c. see under %{pari-NI}. m. leading round, (esp.) leading the bride round the fire, marriage Gr2ihya1s. (cf. %{nava-pariNayA})
    (%{ena}) ind. round about A1pS3r.
    %{-vidhi} m. marriage-ceremony Vcar.
  165. परिणाम (pariṇāma) (pariṇāma)
    m. change, alteration, transformation into (instr.), development, evolution Sa1m2khyak. Yogas. Pur. Sus3r.
    ripeness, maturity Kir. Uttarar. Ma1lati1m.
    alteration of food, digestion Sus3r. Tarkas.
    withering, fading S3a1rn3gP.
    lapse (of time) MBh. R.
    decline (of age), growing old ib. Sus3r.
    result, consequence, issue, end (ibc. and %{-me} ind. finally, at last, in the end) Ka1v.
    (in rhet.) a figure of speech by which the properties of any object are transferred to that with which it is compared Kuval.
    N. of a holy man RTL. 269
    %{-darzin} mfn. looking forward to the issue or consequences (of any event), prudent, fore-sighted MBh.
    %{-dRSTi} f. foresight, providence MW.
    %{-nirodha} m. obstruction (of felicity caused) by human vicissitude (as birth, growth, death &c.) W.
    %{-pathya} mfn. suited to a future state or condition ib.
    %{-mukha} mfn. tending or verging towards the end, about to terminate S3ak.
    %{-ramaNIya} mfn. (a day) delightful at its close ib.
    %{-vat} mfn. having a natural development (%{-ttva} n.) S3am2k.
    %{-vAda} m. the `" doctrine of evolution "', the Sa1m2khya doctrine Sarvad.
    %{-zUla} n. violent and painful indigestion Cat.
  166. परिणीत (pariṇīta) (pariṇīta)
    mfn. led round, married MBh.
    completed, finished, executed ib.
    n. marriage Uttarar.
    %{-pUrvA} f. a woman married before S3ak.
    %{-bhartR} m. (prob.) a husband who has married (but not yet led home) his wife Vet.
    %{-ratna} n. (with Buddh.) one of the 7 treasures of a Cakra-vartin Dharmas. lxxxv.
  167. परिणेतृ (pariṇetṛ) (pariṇetṛ)
    m. `" one who leads round "', a husband Ka1lid. Ra1jat.
  168. परितक्म्य (paritakmya) (paritakmya)
    mfn. wandering, unsteady, uncertain, dangerous RV.
    (%{A}) f. travelling, peregrination ib.
    night (as the wandering cf. x, 127) ib.
  169. परिताप (paritāpa) (paritāpa)
    m. glow, scorching, heat Ka1lid. Ma1rkP.
    pain, agony, grief, sorrow R. Katha1s. BhP. &c.
    repentance MBh. Pan5c.
    N. of a partic. hell L.
  170. परितोष (paritoṣa) (paritoṣa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) = %{-tuSTi}
    (with loc. or gen.) delight in Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of a man Cat.
    %{-vat} mfn. satisfied, delighted Katha1s.
  171. परित्याग (parityāga) (parityāga)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) the act of leaving, abandoning, deserting, quitting, giving up, neglecting, renouncing Mn. MBh. &c.
    separation from (%{sakAzAt}) R.
    (pl.) liberality, a sacrifice Hit.
    N. of wk.
  172. परित्याज्य (parityājya) (parityājya)
    mfn. to be left or abandoned or deserted &c. MBh.
    to be given up or renounced ib.
    to be omitted Sa1h.
  173. परित्रात (paritrāta) (paritrāta)
    mfn. protected, saved, rescued, preserved Ka1v. Pur.
    m. N. of a man L.
  174. परिदीन (paridīna) (paridīna)
    mfn. much dejected or afflicted
    %{-mAnasa} (R.), %{-sattva} (MBh.) mfn. distressed in mind.
  175. परिदेविन् (paridevin) (paridevin)
    mfn. lamenting, bewailing S3ak.
  176. परिधान (paridhāna) (paridhāna)
    (and %{-dhAna4}) n. putting or laying round (esp, wood), wrapping round, putting on, dressing, clothing Ka1tyS3r. R. Pan5c.
    a garment, (esp.) an under garment (ifc. f. %{A}) AV. S3Br. &c. (also %{parI-dh-})
    closing or concluding (a recitation) S3a1n3khBr.
    %{-vastra} n. an upper garment Pan5c. iv, 63/64
    %{-nIkR}, to make into an uupper ggarment S3is3. Sch.
    %{-nIya} n. an under garment
    (%{A}) f. (sc. %{Rc}) a concluding or final verse Br.
  177. परिन्यस्त (parinyasta) (parinyasta)
    mfn. (2. %{as}) stretched out, extended Katha1s.
  178. परिपालन (paripālana) (paripālana)
    n. the act of guarding &c. Vishn2. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    fostering, nourishing Pan5c.
    (%{A}) f. protection, care, nurture Ba1lar.
  179. परिपीडा (paripīḍā) (paripīḍā)
    f. pressing, tormenting R.
  180. परिबर्ह (paribarha) (paribarha)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) `" surroundings "', retinue, train, furniture, attire, trim, property, wealth, the necessaries of life MBh. R. &c.
    royal insignia
    %{-vat} mfn. (a house) provided with suitable furniture Ragh.
  181. परिभाषण (paribhāṣaṇa) (paribhāṣaṇa)
    mfn. speaking much (%{a-paribh-}) R.
    n. speaking, talking, discourse Subh.
    admonition, reprimand, reproof Mn. MBh. Lalit.
    rule, precept W.
    agreement (?) ib.
  182. परिभाषा (paribhāṣā) (paribhāṣā)
    f. speech, discourse, words MBh. BhP.
    blame, censure, reproof (only pl.) Pat. Ba1lar.
    any explanatory rule or general definition, (in gram.) a rule or maxim which teaches the proper interpretation or application of other rules Pa1n2.
    (in medic.) prognosis
    a table or list of abbreviations or signs used in any work
    (also pl.) N. of sev. wks.
    %{-kroDa-pattra} n. %{--Gka-sUtra} (%{-SA7Gk-}) n. %{-chando-maJjarI} f. %{-TIkA} f. %{-prakaraNa} n. %{-prakAza} m. %{-prakAzikA} f. %{-pradIpa} m. %{-pradIpA7rcis} n. %{-bhASya-sUtra} n. %{-bhAskara} m. %{-maJjarI} f. %{-rahasya} n. %{--rtha-maJjarI} (%{-SA7rth-}) f. %{--rtha-saMgraha} (%{-SA7rth-}) m. %{-viveka} m. %{-vizeSa} m. %{-vRtti} f. %{-ziromaNi} m. %{-saMgraha} m. %{-sAra} m. %{-sAra-saMgraha} m. %{-sUtra} n. %{-Se7ndu-bhAskara} m. %{-Se7ndu-zekhara} m. %{-Se7ndu-zekharasaMgraha} m. %{-So7paskAra} m. N. of wks. [598,2]
  183. परिभूति (paribhūti) (paribhūti)
    (%{pa4ri-}) f. superiority RV.
    contempt, humiliation, disrespect, injury Katha1s. Pan5c. BhP.
  184. परिमण्डल (parimaṇḍala) (parimaṇḍala)
    mf(%{A})n. round, circular, globular S3Br. MBh. &c.
    of the measure of an atom A.
    m. (sc., %{mazaka}) a species of venomous gnat Sus3r.
    n. a globe, sphere, orbit, circumference MBh. BhP. Hcat.
    %{-kuSTha} n. a kind of leprosy Car.
    %{-tA} f. whirling about Kir.
    roundness, rotundity, circularity Ka1d. Sus3r. (also %{-tva} n. MW.)
  185. परिमर्दन (parimardana) (parimardana)
    n. id.
    rubbing in Car.
    a remedy for rubbing in ib.
  186. परिमाण (parimāṇa) (parimāṇa)
    n. measuring, meting out Ka1tyS3r. Var.
    (also %{-ka} n. Bha1sha1p.) measure of any kind e.g. circumference, length, size, weight, number, value, duration (ifc. `" amounting to "' RV. &c. &c. cf. %{parIm-})
    %{-tas} ind. by measure, in weight Mn. viii, 133
    %{-vat} (L.
    %{-t-tva} n.)
    %{-Nin} Pa1n2.). mfn. having measure, measured, measurable.
  187. परिमित (parimita) (parimita)
    (%{pa4ri-}) mfn. measured, meted, limited, regulated RV. &c. &c.
    moderate, sparing MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-katha} mf(%{A})n. of measured discourse, speaking little Megh.
    %{-tva} n. moderation, limited condition Kap. Sch.
    %{-bhuj} mfn. eating sparingly, abstemious W.
    %{-bhojana} n. moderation in eating, abstemiousness MW.
    %{-tA7bharaNa} mf(%{A})n. moderately adorned Ma1lav. Pan5c.
    %{-tA7yus} mfn. shortlived R.
    %{-tA7hAra} mfn. = %{-ta-bhuj} MBh.
    %{-te7cchatA} f. moderation in desire MW.
  188. परिरक्षित (parirakṣita) (parirakṣita)
    mfn. well guarded or preserved or kept MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  189. परिरक्षितृ (parirakṣitṛ) (parirakṣitṛ)
    mfn. keeping, protecting, a protector, defender MBh. R.
  190. परिवर्त (parivarta) (parivarta)
    %{-vartaka} &c. see %{parivRt}, p. 601. m. revolving, revolution (of a planet &c.) Su1ryas.
    a period or lapse or expiration of time (esp. of a Yuga q.v.) MBh. R. &c.
    (with %{lokAnAm}) the end of the world R.
    a year
    moving to and fro, stirring Prasannar.
    turning back, flight
    change, exchange, barter (also %{parI-v-}) Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    requital, return W.
    an abode, spot, place Hariv.
    a chapter, section, book &c. Lalit.
    N. of a son of Doh2-saha (son of Mr2ityu) Ma1rkP. [601,3]
    of the Ku1rma or 2nd incarnation of Vishn2u (also %{parI-v-}) L.
  191. परिवर्तिन् (parivartin) (parivartin)
    mfn. moving round, revolving, ever-recurring MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc.) changing, passing into Katha1s.
    being or remaining or staying in or near or about (loc. or comp.) MBh. R. &c.
    flying, retreating W.
    exchanging, requiting, recompensing ib.
    (%{I}) f. (sc. %{vi-STuti}) a hymn arranged according to the recurring form %{abc}, %{abc} Ta1n2d2Br. La1t2y.
  192. परिवाद (parivāda) (parivāda)
    m. blame, censure, reproach, charge, accusation AV. &c. &c. (cf. %{parI-v-})
    an instrument with which the Indian lute is played
    %{-kathA} f. abusive language, censure, reproof MBh.
    %{-kara} m. a slanderer, calumniator Ma1lav.
    %{-gir} f. (pl.) = %{-kathA} Prab.
  193. परिवार (parivāra) (parivāra)
    %{-raNa} &c. see %{pari-vri}. m. (also %{parI-v-}) a cover, covering MBh. (also %{-ka} Ka1tyS3r. Sch.)
    surroundings, train, suite, dependants, followers (ifc. [f. %{A}] surrounded by) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a sheath, scabbard S3is3.
    a hedge round a village Gal. (cf. %{parI-v-})
    %{-tA} f. subjection, dependance S3is3. ii, 90
    %{-pATha} m. N. of a Buddh. work MWB. 62
    %{-vat} mfn. having a great retinue MBh.
    %{-zobhin} mfn. beautified by a rretinue Ra1gh.
    %{-rI-kR}, to use as a rretinue, surround one's self with (acc.) Katha1s.
  194. परिवाह (parivāha) (parivāha)
    m. the overflowing of a tank, a natural or artificial inundation, a watercourse or drain to carry off excess of water MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{parI-v-})
    %{-vat} m. `" having a channel "', a tank, pool L.
  195. परिवाहिन् (parivāhin) (parivāhin)
    mf(%{NI})n. overflowing VS.
    (ifc.) streaming with S3ak.
  196. परिवृत (parivṛta) (parivṛta)
    (%{pa4ri-}) mfn. id. Br. &c. &c.
    n. a covered place or shed enclosed with walls used as a place of sacrifice S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Gobh.
    (%{pa4rI}.) mfn. = prec. mfn.AitBr.
    surrounding RV.
    filled by, full of (comp.) Cat.
  197. परिवृत्त (parivṛtta) (parivṛtta)
    mfn. (also %{-ka} g. %{RzyA7di}) turned, turned round, revolved, rolling, moving to and fro MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    lasting, remaining S3ak. vii, 34 (v.l.)
    passed, elapsed, finished, ended Hariv.
    = %{pari-vRta}, covered, surrounded
    retreated, returned W.
    exchanged ib.
    n. rolling, wallowing MBh. (v.l. %{-tti}) Ma1lati1m.
    an embrace MW.
    %{-tejas} mfn. spreading brilliance all around BhP.
    %{-nctra} mfn. rolling the eyes R.
    %{-phalA} f. N. of a plant Gal.
    %{-bhAgya} mfn. whose fortune has changed or is gone Ma1lati1m.
    %{-ttA7rdha-mukha} mf(%{I})n. having the face half turned round Vikr.
  198. परिवृत्ति (parivṛtti) (parivṛtti)
    f. turning, rolling, revolution MBh. S3is3.
    return (into this world) A1past.
    exchange, barter (%{-ttyA} ind. alternately) BhP.
    moving to and fro or staying or dwelling in a place MBh.
    end, termination Kir.
    surrounding, encompassing ib.
    (in rhet.) a kind of figure in which one thing is represented as exchanged with another (e.g. Ma1lav. iii, 16
    cf. Va1m. iv, 3, 16)
    substitution of one word for another without affecting the sense (e.g. %{vRSa-lAJchana} for %{vRSadhvaja}) Kpr.
    contraction of the prepuce, phimosis (= %{-vartikA}) Sus3r.
    m. w.r. for %{pari-vitti}
    (%{I}) f. (%{pa4ri-v-}), prob. w.r. for %{pari-vRktI}.
  199. परिवेष्टित (pariveṣṭita) (pariveṣṭita)
    mfn. surrounded, beset, covered, veiled, swathed Hariv. R. &c. (%{-vat} mfn. as pf. Katha1s.)
  200. परिव्राजक (parivrājaka) (parivrājaka)
    m. (%{ikA}, f.
    ifc. f. %{akA}) a wandering religious mendicant Ma1lav. Pan5c. Hit.
  201. परिव्राज् (parivrāj) (parivrāj)
    m. (MBh. R. &c. nom. %{T}),
  202. परिशङ्कित (pariśaṅkita) (pariśaṅkita)
    mfn. suspicious, distrustful, afraid of (abl. or comp.) MBh. R. Pur.
    suspected, questionable MBh.
    believed, expected (%{a-pariz-}) MBh.
    thought to be, taken for (nom ) Gi1t.
  203. परिशिष्ट (pariśiṣṭa) (pariśiṣṭa)
    (%{pa4ri-}) mfn. left, remaining TS. &c. &c.
    n. a supplement, appendix (N. of a class of wks. supplementary to Su1tras)
    %{-kadamba} m. or n. %{-paryAya} m. pl., %{-parvan} n. %{-prakAza} m. (and %{-zasya-sAra-maJjarI} f.), %{-prabodha} m. %{-saMgraha} m. %{-siddhA7nta-ratnA7kara} m. %{-sUtra-pattra} n. N. of wks.
  204. परिशोधन (pariśodhana) (pariśodhana)
    n. cleaning, purification Uttarar.
    discharging, paying off Kull.
  205. परिश्रम (pariśrama) (pariśrama)
    m. fatigue, exertion, labour, fatiguing occupation, trouble, pain MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{mA7paha} mfn. relieving weariness MW.
  206. परिश्रान्त (pariśrānta) (pariśrānta)
    mfn. thoroughly fatigued or worn out, (ifc.) tired of, disgusted with Mn. MBh. &c.
  207. परिश्रित् (pariśrit) (pariśrit)
    f. pl. `" enclosers "'N. of certain small stones laid round the hearth and other parts of an altar S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. (ifc. %{-zritka}).
  208. परिश्रित (pariśrita) (pariśrita)
    mfn. standing round MBh.
    surrounded by (instr. or comp.) Katha1s. BhP.
    w.r. for %{-zruta} MBh.
    n. (%{pa4ri-}) = %{pa4ri-vRta} n. (see under %{pari-} 1. %{vR}) TS. Br. S3rGr2S.
  209. परिषद् (pariṣad) (pariṣad)
    ( %{sad}) P. %{-Sadati} RV.
    %{-SIdati} AV. MBh. (C. also %{-sIdati})
    to sit round, besiege, besetKaus3.
    to suffer damage, be impaired MBh.
  210. परिष्वङ्ग (pariṣvaṅga) (pariṣvaṅga)
    m. embracing, an embrace MBh. R. &c.
    touch, contact with (comp.) Ka1m. Hit.
    N. of a son of Devaki1 BhP.
  211. परिस्फुट (parisphuṭa) (parisphuṭa)
    mfn. very clear or manifest BhP.
    fully developed
    (%{am}) ind. very clearly or distinctly Ka1d.
  212. परिस्रुत (parisruta) (parisruta)
    mfn. flowed or streamed round, trickled, oozed R. Katha1s.
    (%{A}) f. = %{-srut} f.
  213. परिहार (parihāra) (parihāra)
    &c. see %{pari-hR}. (%{pa4ri-}) m. leading round Ka1tyS3r.
    delivering or handing over Nya1yam. Sch.
    shunning, avoiding, excluding, abandoning, giving up, resigning S3Br. &c. &c.
    seizing, surrounding W.
    concealment, reserve MBh. S3ak.
    leaving out, omission Sa1h.
    taking away, removing, (esp.) removing by arguments, confutation S3am2k.
    caution Car.
    contempt disrespect
    any objectionable thing or person W.
    (in gram.) the repetition of a word (before and after %{iti} cf. %{pari-graha}) APra1t.
    (in dram.) remedying or atoning for any improper action Sa1h.
    an extraordinary grant, exemption from taxes, immunity Mn. R. Ma1rkP. Ra1jat.
    = %{-sthAna} (below) Mn. viii, 237
    bounty, largess W. (cf. %{parI-h-})
    1. %{-vat} mfn. avoidable MBh. (%{a-parih-})
    2. %{-vat} ind. (ifc.) like the omission of Sa1h.
    %{-vizuddhi} f. (with Jainas) purification by such mortification and penance as are enjoined by the example of ancient saints or sages W.
    %{-sU} f. (a cow) bearing a calf only after a long time (of barrenness) TS. Sch.
    %{-sthAna} n. a space of common land extending round a village or town Kull. on Mn. viii, 238.
  214. परिहार्य (parihārya) (parihārya)
    mfn. to be shunned or avoided or omitted or escaped from MBh. R. &c.
    to be severed or separated Katha1s.
    to be taken off or away W.
    to be endowed with a privilege Ya1jn5. Sch.
    to be repeated (cf. %{-hartavya}), APra1t.
    m. a bracelet(cf. %{pArihArya}).
  215. परिहास (parihāsa) (parihāsa)
    m. jesting, joking, laughing at, ridiculing, deriding
    a jest, joke, mirth, merriment MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{parI-h-})
    %{-kathA} f. an amusing story Ragh.
    %{-pura} n. N. of a town Ra1jat.
    %{-pUrvam} ind. jokingly, in jest Ragh.
    %{-vastu} n. an object of jest (%{-stu-tA} f.) Pan5c.
    %{-vijalpita} mfn. uttered in jest S3ak.
    %{-vedin} m. a jester, a witty person W.
    %{-zIla} mfn. of a gay or joyous disposition, fond of jesting Var. Ka1v.
    %{-la-tA} f. Ratna7v.
    %{-hari} m. N. of a temple of Vishn2u Ra1jat.
  216. परिहृत (parihṛta) (parihṛta)
    mfn. shunned, avoided Ka1v.
    abandoned, quitted W.
    taken, seized ib.
    n. what has been wrapped round or put on BhP.
  217. परीक्षक (parīkṣaka) (parīkṣaka)
    mfn. trying, examining W.
    m. a prover, examiner, judge Ra1jat. Pan5c.
  218. परीक्षा (parīkṣā) (parīkṣā)
    f. inspection, investigation, examination, test, trial by ordeal of various kinds (see 2. %{divya}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of wk.
    %{-kSama} mfn. standing the test Sarvad.
    %{-tattva} n. %{-paddhati} f. N. of wks.
    %{-kSA7rtha} mfn. wishing to try or test A1past.
  219. परीक्षित् (parīkṣit) (parīkṣit)
    m. (2. %{kSi}) N. of a son of Abhi-manyu and father of Janam-ejaya MBh. &c.
    of a son of Kuru Pur.
    of a son of An-as3van and father of Bhi1ma-sena MBh.
    of a king of A-yodhya1 ib. (cf. %{pari-kSit}).
  220. परीक्षित (parīkṣita) (parīkṣita)
    (S3a1rn3gP.) and m. = prec.
  221. परीत (parīta) (parīta)
    mfn. standing or moving round, surrounding MBh.
    past, elapsed, expired R.
    surrounded, encompassed, filled, taken possession of, seized (with instr. or in comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    = %{viparI7ta}, inverted MBh.
    w.r. for %{parItta} ib.
    m. pl. N. of a people VP.
    %{-ta-tA} f. the being surrounded or filled
    %{-tin} mfn. (ifc.) filled with, seized by Sus3r. see 2. %{parI7}, col. 2.
  222. परुष (paruṣa) (paruṣa)
    mf(%{A})n. (older f. %{pa4ruSNI}) knotty (as reed) AV.
    spotted, variegated, dirty-coloured RV. &c. &c.
    hard, stiff, rugged, rough, uneven, shaggy MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    intertwined with creepers (as a tree) Katha1s. [606,1]
    piercing, keen, sharp, violent, harsh, severe, unkind ib. (%{am} ind.)
    m. a reed AV.
    an arrow S3a1n3khS3r. La1t2y.
    Grewia Asiatica or Xylocarpus Granatum
    (%{paru4Sa}) m. N. of a demon Suparn2.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of riddle MW.
    (%{-SNI}) f. N. of one of the rivers of the Panja1b now called Ra1vi1 RV.
    n. harsh and contumelious speech, abuse MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the fruit of Grewia Asiatica or Xylocarpus Granatum
    a species of Barleria with blue flowers L.
  223. परेत (pareta) (pareta)
    mfn. departed, deceased, deadYa1jn5.
    m. a kind of spectre, a ghost, spirit
    %{-kalpa} mfn. almost dead R.
    %{-bhartR} m. `" lord of the departed "'N. of Yama S3is3.
    %{-bhUmi} f. `" place of the ddeparted "', a cemetery Kum.
    %{-rAj} (L.), %{-rAja} (Naish.) m. = %{-bhartR}
    %{-tA7carita} mfn. frequented or inhabited by the ddeparted Das3.
    %{-tA7vAsa} m. = %{-bhUmi} ib.
  224. परोपकार (paropakāra) (paropakāra)
    m. assisting others, benevolence, charity Ka1v.
    %{-rai9karasa} mfn. wholly devoted to the service of others
    (%{A}) f. a wife wholly devoted to her husband MW.
    %{-dharma-kSAnti} f. Dharmas. 107.
  225. परोपकारिन् (paropakārin) (paropakārin)
    mfn. assisting others, beneficent, charitable merciful Katha1s. (%{-ri-tva} n. Bhartr2.)
    m. N. of a king Katha1s.
  226. पर्जन्य (parjanya) (parjanya)
    m. ( %{pRc}, or %{pRj} ?) a raincloud, cloud RV. &c. &c. [606,2]
    rain Bhag. iii, 14
    rain personified or the god of rain (often identified with Indra) RV. &c. &c.
    N. of one of the 12 A1dityas Hariv.
    of a Deva-gandharva or Gandharva MBh. Hariv.
    of a R2ishi in several Manv-antaras Hariv. Ma1rkP.
    of a Praja1-pati (father of Hiran2ya-roman) VP.
    (%{-nyA} or %{-nI}) f. Curcuma Aromatica or Xanthorrhiza[Cf. Goth. {fairguni}
    Icel {firgyn}
    Lith. {perku4nas}.]
  227. पर्ण (parṇa) (parṇa)
    n. a pinion, feather (also of an arrow), wing RV. &c. Br. MBh.
    a leaf (regarded as the plumage of a tree) RV. &c. &c. (ifc. f. %{A}, but in N. of plants %{I}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 64)
    the Pa1n or betel leaf
    m. Butea Frondosa (a large-leaved sacred tree whose wood is used for making sacred vessels, later generally called %{palAza})Br. Ya1jn5. (%{-tva4} n. MaitrS.)
    N. of a teacher Va1yuP. (cf. g. %{zivA7di})
    (pl.) of a people VP.
    of a place, iv, 2, 145
    (%{I}) f. a collect. N. of 4 plants ending with %{parNI} Car.
    Pistia Stratiotes
    the leaf of Asa Foetida (?)[According to Un2. iv, 6 fr. %{pRR}. but more probably fr. a %{pR}, orig. %{spR}
    cf. Lith. {sparna}
    HGerm. {varn}, {Farn}
    Angl. Sax. {fearn}
    Eng. {fern}.]
  228. पर्पट (parpaṭa) (parpaṭa)
    m. a species of medicinal plant Sus3r. (Hedyotis Burmanniana or Mollugo Pentaphylla L.)
    a kind of thin cake made of rice or pease-meal and baked in grease
    (%{I}) f. a red-colouring Oldenlandia Bhpr.
    a kind of fragrant earth
    a thin crisp cake (prob. = m.) W.
  229. पर्यङ्क (paryaṅka) (paryaṅka)
    m. (also %{paly-} Pa1n2. 8-2, 22) a bed, couch, sofa, litter, palanquin KaushUp. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also %{-kikA} f. Ka1d.
    %{-kI-kRta} mfn. turned into a couch Gi1t.)
    a partic. mode of sitting on the ground (a squatting position assumed by ascetics and Buddhists in meditation) Buddh. (cf. below)
    a cloth wound round the back and loins and knees while so sitting
    N. of a mountain (son of Vindhya) L.
  230. पर्यटित (paryaṭita) (paryaṭita)
    mfn. one who has roamed or wandered Pan5c.
    n. = prec. ib.
  231. पर्यन्त (paryanta) (paryanta)
    m. circuit, circumference, edge, limit, border
    side, flank, extremity, end TBr. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (ifc. `" bounded by "', `" extending as far as "' [f. %{A}]
    or ibc. `" adjoining, neighbouring "')
    (%{am}) ind. entirely, altogether, S3ukas
    (ifc.) to the end of, as far as Kap.
    %{paryantAt@paryantam}, from one end to the other Var.
    (%{e}) ind. at the end Katha1s.
    mf(%{A})n. coming to an end with, being a match for Lalit.
    extending in all directions Hariv. (v.l. %{pary-asta}).
  232. पर्यय (paryaya) (paryaya)
    m. revolution, lapse, expiration, waste or loss (of time) Mn. MBh. &c.
    the time of revolution (of a planet) Gan2it.
    change, alteration ib.
    inversion, irregularity, confusion with (comp.) MBh. Sus3r.
    contrariety, opposition W.
    deviation from enjoined or customary observances, neglect of duty ib. %{pary-ayaNa}, %{pary-Aya} see under 2. %{parI7}.
  233. पर्याकुल (paryākula) (paryākula)
    mf(%{A})n. full of, filled with (comp.) MBh. R. Hariv.
    disordered, confused, excited, bewildered MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    turbid (as water) MW.
  234. पर्याप्त (paryāpta) (paryāpta)
    mfn. obtained, gained Uttarar.
    finished, completed, full Up. Ka1lid.
    extensive, spacious, large Hariv.
    abundant, copious, many Ka1v.
    sufficient for (dat. or gen.)
    adequate, equal to, a match for (gen. dat.
    loc. or inf. cf. Pa1n2. 3-4, 66) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    limited in number MW.
    (%{am}) ind. fully, completely, enough, one's fill Ka1v.
    willingly, readily
    %{-kala} mfn. having full digits (as the moon) Ragh.
    %{-kAma} mfn. one whose desires are accomplished or allayed Mun2d2Up.
    %{-candra} mf(%{A})n. adorned by the full moon (as a night) Kum.
    %{-tA} f. copiousness, abundance Katha1s.
    satisfaction, gratification MW.
    %{-dakSiNa} mfn. accompanied with liberal gifts (as a sacrifice) Ragh.
    %{-nayana} mfn. having a sufficient number of eyes Hariv.
    %{-bhoga} mfn. possessing or enjoying a sufficiency Mn. Ya1jn5.
    %{-vat} mfn. able, capable Ragh. (cf. %{a-pary-}).
  235. पर्याप्ति (paryāpti) (paryāpti)
    (%{pa4ry-}) f. end, conclusion S3Br.
    entireness, fulness, sufficiency MBh. Katha1s. Ra1jat. (cf. Pa1n2. 3-4, 66)
    adequacy, competency, fitness for (comp.) Katha1s. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3, 16
    obtaining, acquisition
    self-defence, warding off a blow
    (in phil.) distinction of objects according to their natural properties W.
  236. पर्याय (paryāya) (paryāya)
    m. going or turning or winding round, revolving, revolution Ka1tyS3r.
    course, lapse, expiration of time MBh. Hariv. Vet.
    regular recurrence, repetition, succession, turn (ibc. or %{eNa} ind. in turn, successively, alternately
    %{caturthe@paryAye}, at the fourth time) Ka1tyS3r. La1t2y. Mn. &c.
    a regularly recurring series or formula (esp. in the Ati-ra1tra ceremony) Br. S3rS. (%{-tva} n.)
    = %{-sU7kta} Sa1y.
    a convertible term, synonym (%{-tA} f. %{-tva} n.) Pan5c. Sa1h. Pa1n2. Sch.
    way, manner, method of proceeding (%{anena@pary-AyeNa}, in this manner) SaddhP.
    probability MBh.
    (in rhet.) a partic. figure of speech Kpr. Sa1h.
    (with Jainas) the regular development of a thing and the end of this ddevelopment Sarvad.
    opportunity, occasion
    formation, creation
    point of contact
    %{-krama} m. order of succession, regular rotation or turn MW.
    %{-cyuta} mfn. one who has lost his turn, superseded, supplanted ib.
    %{-pada-maJjarI} f. %{-muktA7valI} f. %{-ratna-mAlA} f. N. of wks.
    %{-vacana} n. a convertible term, synonym Va1rtt. on Pa1n2. 1-1, 68
    %{-vAkya} n. similar words Hariv.
    %{-vAcaka} mfn. expressing a corresponding notion
    (with %{zabda}) m. a synonym MBh.
    %{-vRtti} f. alternate course or action MW.
    %{-zabda} m. a synonym Tattvas.
    %{-zayana} n. alternate sleeping and watching W.
    %{-zas} ind. by phrases or sentences A1s3vS3r.
    periodically Ka1t2h. Sus3r.
    in succession, by turns MBh.
    %{-zastra} (!) n. pl. N. of wk.
    %{-sU7kta} n. a hymn with regularly recurring phrases or sentences AV. Anukr.
    %{-sevA} f. service by rotation Kum.: %{-yA7tman} m. the finite nature, finiteness Sarvad. [605,3]
    %{-ya4nna} n. food intended for another Ya1jn5.
    %{-yA7rNava} m. `" ocean of synonyms "'N. of a lexicon
    %{-yo7kta} n. (in rhet.) a partic. figure of speech (in which the fact to be intimated is expressed by a turn of speech or periphrasis) Sa1h.
    %{-yo7kti} f. id. Va1m. &c. see under 2. %{parI7}. [608,2]
  237. पर्युपासित (paryupāsita) (paryupāsita)
    mfn. shared in, witnessed MBh.
    worshipped, reverenced
    %{-pUrva-tva} n. the having rreverenced in a former birth DivyA7v.
  238. पर्वन् (parvan) (parvan)
    n. a knot, joint (esp. of a cane or other plant [cf. %{parus}], but also of the body), limb, member (lit. and fig.) RV. &c. &c.
    a break, pause, division, section (esp. of a book) S3Br. MBh. &c.
    the step of a staircase Ragh.
    a member of a compound Pra1t. Nir.
    a period or fixed time RV. VS. S3Br. Gr2S3rS.
    (esp.) the Ca1turma1sya festival, SrS.
    the days of the 4 changes of the moon (i.e. the full and change of the mmoon and the 8th and 14th of each half-month) Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a sacrifice performed on the occasion of a change of the moon R.
    the day of the moon's passing the node at its opposition or conjunction Var. Su1ryas. MBh. &c.
    the moment of the sun's entering a new sign W.
    any partic. period of the year (as the equinox, solstice &c.) ib.
    a division of time e.g. a half-month (24 in a year) MBh.
    a day (360) BhP.
    a festival, holiday W.
    opportunity, occasion ib.
    a moment, instant ib.
  239. पर्वत (parvata) (parvata)
    mfn. (fr. %{parvan} cf. Pa1n2. 5-2, 122 Va1rtt. 10 Pat.) knotty, rugged (said of mountains)(according to A1pS3r. Sch. = %{parutka}, %{parva-vat})
    m. a mountain, mountain-range, height, hill, rock (often personified
    ifc. f. %{A}) RV. &c. &c.
    an artificial mound or heap (of grain, salt, silver, gold &c. presented to Bra1hmans cf. %{-dAna})
    the number 7 (from the 7 principal mountain-ranges) Su1ryas.
    a fragment of rock, a stone (%{adrayaH@parvatAH}, the stones for pressing Soma) RV.
    a (mountain-like) cloud ib. (cf. Naigh. i, 10)
    a tree
    a species of pot-herb
    a species of fish (Silurus Pabda)
    N. of a Vasu Hariv.
    of a R2ishi (associated with Na1rada and messenger of the gods, supposed author of RV. viii, 12
    ix, 104, 105, where he has the patr. Ka1n2va and Ka1s3yapa) MBh. Katha1s.
    of a son of Paurn2ama1sa (son of Mari1ci and Sambhu1ti) Ma1rkP.
    of a minister of king Puru1-ravas Vikr.
    of a monkey R.
    of one of the 10 religious orders founded by Sam2kara7ca1rya's pupils (whose members add the word %{parvata} to their names) W.
    (%{I4}) f. a rock, stone VS.
  240. पर्षद् (parṣad) (parṣad)
    f. = %{pari-Sad}, an assembly, audience, company, society Gr2S. Ya1jn5. &c. (4 kinds of society DivyA7v. 299, 14).
  241. पल (pala) (pala)
    m. (scarcely to be connected with prec.) straw
    = %{pAla} g. %{jvalA7di}
    n. a partic. weight = 4 Karshas = 1/100 Tula1 (rarely m.
    ifc. f. %{A}) Mn. Ya1jn5. Sus3r. &c.
    a partic. fluid measure Nir. xiv, 7 Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    a partic. measure of time (= 1/60 Ghat2i1) Gan2it.
    flesh, meat Ya1jn5. Sus3r. [Cf. Lat. {palea}
    Fr. {paille}, Lith. %{pelai}.]
  242. पलाण्डु (palāṇḍu) (palāṇḍu)
    m. (rarely n.) an onion Mn. MBh. Sus3r. &c. (cf. Un2. i, 38 Sch.)
  243. पलायन (palāyana) (palāyana)
    n. fleeing, flight, escape MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-kriyAM-kR}, to take to flight Pan5c.)
    a saddle TS. Sch. (cf. %{paly-ayana}, %{paryANa})
    %{-parA7yaNa} mfn. occupied in flight, fugitive W.
  244. पलाल (palāla) (palāla)
    m. n. a stalk, straw Mn. MBh. &c.
    the stalk of the Sorghum, Indian millet Sus3r.
    m. N. of a demon inimical to children (%{anu-p-}) AV.
    (%{A}) f. N. of one of the Ma1tr2is of Skanda MBh.
    (%{I4}) f. a stalk, straw AV. (cf. Pat. on Pa1n2. 5-2, 100).
  245. पलाश (palāśa) (palāśa)
    m. a Ra1kshasa
    mfn. cruel (lit. = next)1.
  246. पलित (palita) (palita)
    mf(%{A}, or %{pa4liknI} Pa1n2. 4-1, 39 Va1rtt. 1. 2 Pat.) n. grey, hoary, old, aged RV. &c. &c.
    = %{pAlayitR} Nir. iv, 26
    m. N. of a mouse MBh.
    of a prince Hariv. VP. (v.l. %{pAl-})
    (%{paliknI}) f. a cow for the first time with calf
    n. grey hair (also pl.) AV. &c. &c.
    a tuft of hair Das3.
    mud, mire
    heat, burning
    Gk. $, $ &c.
    Lat. {palleo}, &187053[610,1] {pallidus}, {pallus}
    Lith. {pa4lvas}
    Slav. {plavu8}
    HGerm. {falo}, {val}, {fahl}
    Angl. Sax. {fealo}
    Eng. {fallow}.] [610,2]
  247. पल्लव (pallava) (pallava)
    1 m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a sprout, shoot, twig, spray, bud, blossom (met. used for the fingers, toes, lips &c.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a strip of cloth, scarf, lappet Ka1d. Ba1lar. Ra1jat.
    spreading, expansion(cf. below)
    strength(= %{bala}
    v.l. = %{vana}, a wood)
    red lac (%{alakta})
    a bracelet
    sexual love
    m. a partic. position of the hands in dancing Cat.
    a libertine, catamine
    a species of fish
    pl. N. of a people MBh. Pur. (v.l. for %{pahlava})
    of a race of princes Inscr.2 Nom. P. %{-vati}, to put forth young shoots S3atr.
  248. पवन (pavana) (pavana)
    m. `" purifier "', wind or the god of wind, breeze, air (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    vital air, breath Sus3r. Sarvad.
    the regent of the Nakshatra Sva1ti and the north-west region Var.
    N. of the number 5 (from the 5 vital airs) ib.
    a householder's sacred fire Ha1r.
    a species of grass
    N. of a son of Manu Uttama BhP.
    of a mountain ib.
    of a country in Bharata-kshetra W.
    (%{I}) f. a broom
    the wild citron-tree(v.l. %{pacanI})
    N. of a river VP.
    n. or m. purification, winnowing of corn
    a potter's kiln, S3r2in3ga1r.
    n. an instrument for purifying grain &c., sieve, strainer AV. A1s3vGr2.
    blowing Kan2.
    mfn. clean, pure L.
  249. पवितृ (pavitṛ) (pavitṛ)
    m. a purifier AV. S3Br. (cf. %{paivItR}).
  250. पवित्र (pavitra) (pavitra)
    n. a means of purification, filter, strainer, straining-cloth &c. (made of thread or hair or straw, for clarifying fruits, esp. the Soma) RV. &c. &c.
    Kus3a grass (esp. two KKus3a leaves for holding offerings or for sprinkling and purifying ghee &c.) S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c. (ifc. also %{ko} see %{sa-pavitraka}), a ring of KKus3a grass worn on the fourth finger on partic. occasions W.
    a purifying prayer or Mantra Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh.
    a means of purifying or clearing the mind RV. iii, 26, 8
    31, 6 &c.
    melted butter
    rain or rubbing (%{varSaNa} or %{gharSaNa})
    the vessel in which the Argha is presented(ifc. %{-ka} Ma1rkP.)
    the Bra1hmanical cord (cf. %{-trA7ropaNs})
    N. of Vishn2u (also %{ppresented@pavintrANAm}) MBh. (cf RTL. 106)
    of S3iva ib.
    (with %{AdityAnAm} and %{devAnAm}) N. of Sa1mans ArshBr.
    a kind of metre Col.
    m. N. of a partic. Soma-sacrifice belonging to the Ra1jasu1ya Ta1n2d2Br. Sch. S3rS.
    Sesamum Indicum
    Nageia Putranjiva
    N. of a man g. %{azvA7di}
    of an A1n3girasa (the supposed author of RV. ix, 67
    107) RAnukr.
    (pl.) N. of a class of deities in the 14th Manv-antara, Pur
    (%{A}) f. N. of sev. plants (basil, saffron, the small Pippala tree &c.)
    of sev. rivers MBh. Pur.
    the 12th day of the light half of S3ravan2a (a festival in honour of Vishn2u) W.
    mf(%{A})n. purifying, averting evil, pure, holy, sacred, sinless, beneficent Mn. MBh. &c.
  251. पवित्रता (pavitratā) (pavitratā)
    f. purity, cleanness Ma1rkP. Ra1jat.
  252. पवित्रिन् (pavitrin) (pavitrin)
    mfn. purifying, pure, clean MBh.
  253. पवित्रित (pavitrita) (pavitrita)
    mfn. purified, sanctified, blessed, happy Mcar. [611,2] Can2d2. BrahmaP.
  254. पशु (paśu) (paśu)
    1 ind. see, behold!2 or m. (instr. %{pazu4nA} or %{-zva}
  255. पशुतृप् (paśutṛp) (paśutṛp)
    mfn. gratifying one's self with cattle i.e. stealing ccattle RV.
  256. पशुपति (paśupati) (paśupati)
    m. `" lord of animals "' (or `" llord of a servant named Pas3u "' or `" llord of the soul "' RTL. 89)N. of the later Rudra-S3iva or of a similar deity (often associated in the Veda with Bhava, S3arva, Ugra, Rudra, Maha1-deva, I1s3a1na and others who together with Bhima are in later times regarded as manifestations of Rudra) AV. &c. &c.
    of Agni "' TS. S3Br.
    of S3iva MBh. &c. (according to one legend every deity acknowledged himself to be a mere %{pazu} or animal when entreating Siva to destroy the Asura Tri-pura)
    of a lexicographer
    of a Scholiast &c.
    %{-dhara} m. N. of a poet Cat.
    %{-nagara} n. `" S3iva's town "'N. of Ka1s3i1 or Benares ib.
    %{-nAtha} m. N. of a partic. form of Siva W.
    %{-purANa} n. (prob.) = S3ivaP.
    %{-zarman} m. N. of a man Cat.
    %{-zAsTra} n. the sacred book of the Pa1s3upatas revealed by S3iva Col.
    %{-tI7zvara-nAhAtmya} and %{-ty-askTaka} n. N. of wks.
  257. पश्च (paśca) (paśca)
    mfn. hinder, later, western, only ibc. or ind. = %{pazcA}, %{-cAt} Pa1n2. 5-3, 33. [Cf. %{uc-ca}, %{nI-ca}
    Lat. {pos-t}, {pos-terus}
    Lith. {paskui}, {paskuti4nis}.]
  258. पश्यत् (paśyat) (paśyat)
    mf(%{antI})n. seeing, beholding &c.
    (%{antI}) f. a harlot
    N. of a partic. sound L.
  259. पश्यत (paśyata) (paśyata)
    mfn. visible, conspicuous AV.
  260. पसस् (pasas) (pasas)
    n. the membrum virile, A.V. S3Br. [Cf. Gk. &187776[612,3] $ for $
    Lat. {pe1nis} for {pesnis}
    Lit. {pisa4}, {pi4sti}.]
  261. पह्लव (pahlava) (pahlava)
    m. pl. N. of a people (the Parthians or Persians) Mn. x, 44 MBh. &c. (also spelt %{pahnava}
    in the VP. they are said to be a degraded Kshatriya race conquered by Sagara and sentenced to wear beards).
  262. पांशु (pāṃśu) (pāṃśu)
    %{-znka} &c. = %{pAMsu} &c.
  263. पाक (pāka) (pāka)
    1 mfn. (either fr. 1. %{pA+ka}, `" drinking, sucking, or fr. 2. %{pac}, `" ripening, growing "') very young Gr2S.
    simple, ignorant, inartificial, honest AV. TS. A1s3vS3r.
    m. the young of an animal (see %{uluka-}, %{kapata-})
    a child, infant
    N. of a Daitya slain by Indra MBh. Pur. %{-trA4} ind. in simplicity, in a simple or honest way RV.
  264. पागल (pāgala) (pāgala)
    mfn. (a word used in Benga1li) mad, deranged, demented BrahmaP.
  265. पाङ्क्त (pāṅkta) (pāṅkta)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{paGkti}) consisting of five parts, fivefold Br. Up.
    relating to or composed in the Pan3kti metre VS. TS. AitBr. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-2, 55 Sch.)
    m. N. of a kind of Soma Sus3r.
    n. (sc. %{sAman}) N. of a Sa1man La1t2y.
  266. पाङ्क्त्य (pāṅktya) (pāṅktya)
    (Mn.) mfn. fit to be associated with, admissible into the row of castefellows at meals.
  267. पाञ्चजन्य (pāñcajanya) (pāñcajanya)
    (%{pA4-}) mf(%{A})n. relating to the 5 races of men, containing or extending over them &c. RV. &c. Br. MBh.
    m. N. of Kr2ishn2a's conch taken from the demon Pan5ca-jana MBh. Hariv. &c.
    fish or a species of ffire
    N. of one of the 8 Upa-dvi1pas in Jambu-dvi1pa BhP.
    (%{A}) f. patr. of Asikni1 ib.
    %{-dhama}, %{-dhara} and %{-nAdin} m. N. of Kr2ishn2s(cf. %{above})
    %{-vana} n. N. of a wood Ha1r.
    %{-nyAyani} g. %{karNA7di}.
  268. पाञ्चाल (pāñcāla) (pāñcāla)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to or ruling over the Pan5ca1las MBh. R. &c.
    m. a prince of the PPan5ca1las ib.
    (with %{bAbhravya}) N. of an author Cat.
    the country of the PPan5ca1las
    pl. the people of the PPan5ca1las MBh. Var. &c.
    an association of 5 guilds (carpenter, weaver, barber, washerman, and shoe-maker)
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. the language of the PPan5ca1las Cat.
  269. पाटल (pāṭala) (pāṭala)
    mf(%{A})n. pale red, pink, pallid Kaus3. Var. Ka1v.
    (f. %{I}) made of the Pa1t2ali1 or forming a part of it g. %{bilvA7di}
    m. a pale red hue, rose colour Ra1jat.
    Bignonia Suaveolens (the tree bearing the trumpet-flower) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a species of rice ripening in the rains Sus3r.
    Rottleria Tinctoria
    N. of a man Ra1jat.
    (%{A}) f. Bignonia Suaveolens Ka1v.
    red Lodhra
    a kind of fresh water fish Sus3r.
    a form of Durga1 Tantras.
    of Da1lksha1yan2i1 MatsyaP.
    n. the trumpet-flower (also %{A} f.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    saffron L.
  270. पाटलिपुत्र (pāṭaliputra) (pāṭaliputra)
    n. N. of the capital of Magadha near the confluence of the S3on2a and the Ganges (supposed to be the ancient Palibothra and the modern Patna1) Pat. Kap. Katha1s. (esp. iii, 78) &c.
    m. pl. the inhabitants of this city Pa1n2. 2-3, 42 Ka1s3.
    %{-nAmadheya} n. (sc. %{nagara}) a city called Pa1t2aliputra MW.
  271. पाटव (pāṭava) (pāṭava)
    m. (fr. %{paTu}) a son or deseendant or pupil of Pat2u S3Br. Pravar. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-2, 119 Sch.)
    mfn. clever, sharp, dexterous W.
    n. sharpness, intensity Sus3r. Tattvas.
    skill, cleverness in (loc.) Ka1v. Ra1jat. Hit.
    quickness, precipitation in (comp.) Katha1s.
  272. पाटीर (pāṭīra) (pāṭīra)
    m. (only
    cf. %{paTIra}), the sandal tree
    a radish
    a sieve
    a cloud
    a field
    the pith or manna of the bamboo
  273. पाठ (pāṭha) (pāṭha)
    m. ( %{paTh}) recitation, recital Ka1v.
    reading, perusal, study (esp. of sacred texts) S3iksh. &c.
    a partic. method of reciting the text of the Veda (of which there are 5, viz. Sam2hita1, Pada, Krama, Jat2a1 and Ghana RTL. 409)
    the text of a book, SrS. MBh.
    the reading (of a text) Naish. Sch.
    = %{dhAtu-pA7Tha} Vop.
    (%{A}) f. Clypea Hernandifolia L.
  274. पाठक (pāṭhaka) (pāṭhaka)
    m. a reciter, reader (%{ikA} f. Pa1n2. 4-1, 4 Sch.)
    a student, pupil Cat.
    a scholar, lecturer, preceptor, teacher (cf. %{dharma-}, %{nakSatra-}, %{smRti-}) Mn. MBh. Pan5c.
    a public reciter of the Pura1n2as or other sacred works W.
    a Pan2d2it who declares what is the law or custom according to the scriptures ib.
  275. पाठिन् (pāṭhin) (pāṭhin)
    mfn. one who has read or studied any subject
    knowing, conversant with (ifc.) MBh. Pur.
    m. a student
    a Bra1hman (esp. one who has finished his sacred studies) W.
    Plumbago Zeylanica (also %{pAThI-kuTa})
  276. पाठित (pāṭhita) (pāṭhita)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) caused or taught to read, instructed, taught, lectured Ca1n2. Pan5c.
  277. पाठ्य (pāṭhya) (pāṭhya)
    mfn. to be recited R. Sa1h.
    to be taught, needing instruction BhP.
  278. पाणि (pāṇi) (pāṇi)
    1 m. a place of sale, shop, market W.
  279. पाणिग्रहण (pāṇigrahaṇa) (pāṇigrahaṇa)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) = %{-graha} Gr2S. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-mantra} m. a nuptial verse or hymn MBh. Hariv.
    %{-saMskAra} m. the ceremony of hhand-taking Mn. iii, 43.
  280. पाणिनि (pāṇini) (pāṇini)
    m. (according to Pa1n2. 4-1, 95 patr. fr. %{pANina}) N. of the most eminent of all native Sanskr2it grammarians (he was the author of the %{aStA7dhyAyI} and supposed author of sev. other works, viz. the Dha1tu-pa1t2ha, Gan2a-pa1tha, Lin3ga7nus3a1sana and S3iksha1
    he was a Ga1ndha1ra and a native of Sala1tura, situated in the North-West near Attok and Peshawar [see iv, 3, 94 and S3a1la1turi1ya]
    he lived after Gautama Buddha but B.C. and is regarded as an inspired Muni
    his grandfather's name was Devala and his mother's Da1kshi [see s.v. and Daksheya])
    of a poet (by some identified with the grammarian).
  281. पाण्डर (pāṇḍara) (pāṇḍara)
    %{pANDava} see under %{pANDu}. mf(%{A})n. whitish-yellow, pale, white S3Br. (cf. %{-vAsas}) &c. &c.
    m. a species of plant
    N. of a mountain Ma1rkP.
    of a Naga (also %{-raka}) MBh.
    of a sect (also %{-raka})
    (%{A}) f. N. of a Buddhist S3akti or female energy MWB. 216 (cf. %{pA7NDurA})
    n. a jasmine blossom
    red chalk L.
  282. पाण्डव (pāṇḍava) (pāṇḍava)
    m. a son or descendant of Pa1n2d2u or a partisan of the Pa1n2d2avas
    (pl.) the 5 reputed sons of Pa1n2d2u (Yudhi-sht2hira, Bhi1ma, Arjuna, Nakula and Saha-deva
    cf. Kunti1 and Ma1dri1) or their adherents MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of a mountain Lalit.
    of a country Cat.
    mf(%{I})n. belonging to or connected with the Pa1n2d2avas MBh.
  283. पाण्डु (pāṇḍu) (pāṇḍu)
    mfn. (%{paND}?) yellowish white, white, pale S3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    jaundiced Car.
    m. jaundice Car.
    pale or yellowish white colour W.
    a white elephant
    Trichosanthes Dioeca
    a species of shrub
    N. of a son of Vya1sa by the wife of Vicitra-vi1rya and brother of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra and Vidura (he was father of the five Pa1n2d2avas) AV.Paris3. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    of a son of Janam-ejaya and brother of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh. i, 3745
    of a son of Dha1tri by A1yati1 VP. (v.l. %{prA7Na})
    of an attendant of S3iva
    of a Na1gara1ja
    pl. of a people in Madhya-des3a VarBr2S. (v.l. %{pANDya} and %{-Dva})
    f. Glycine Debilis L.
  284. पाण्डित्य (pāṇḍitya) (pāṇḍitya)
    n. (fr. %{paNDita}) n. scholarship, erudition, learning, cleverness, skill, S3Pr. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  285. पाण्डुरङ्ग (pāṇḍuraṅga) (pāṇḍuraṅga)
    m. a kind of vegetable
    N. of sev. authors Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a goddness(?) ib.
    %{-mAhAtmya} n. %{-vgTThala@stotra} n. %{-gA7STaka} n. N. of wks.
  286. पाण्ड्य (pāṇḍya) (pāṇḍya)
    m. pl. N. of a people and country in the Dekhan (also v.l. for %{pANDu}, a people in Madhya.des3a) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (sg.) a prince of the Pan2d2yas ib. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 168, Vartt. 3 Pat.)
    N. of a son of A1kri1d2a Hariv.
    of the mountain range in the country of the PPan2d2yas MBh. R.
  287. पात (pāta) (pāta)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see p. 616, col. 3) watched, protected, preserved2 m. (for 1. see under 3. %{pA}) flying, mode of flying, flight MBh.
    throwing one's self or falling into (loc.) or from (abl.), fall, downfall (also ifc. after what would be a gen. or abl. &c. e.g., %{gRha-}, fall of a house
    %{parvata-}, fall from a mountain
    %{bhU-}, fall on the earth) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    alighting, descending or causing to descend, casting or throwing upon, cast, fall (of a thunderbolt), throw, shot MBh. R. Pan5cat.
    a stroke (of a sword &c.) Katha1s.
    application (of ointment, of a knife &c.) Ka1vya7d.
    casting or directing (a look or glance of the eyes) Ragh.
    decay of the body (%{deha-pAta}), death Katha1s. Ba1dar.
    (with %{garbhasya}) fall of the fetus, miscarriage Sus3r.
    an attack, incursion Var.
    a cass, possibility, S3an3khBr.
    happening, occurrence, appearance Prab. Katha1s. Das3ar.
    a fault, error, mistake Su1ryas.
    the node in a planet's orbit ib. (cf. IW. 179)
    a malignant aspect ib.
    N. of Ra1hu
    pl. N. of a school of the Yajur-veda ib.
  288. पातक (pātaka) (pātaka)
    mfn. causing to fall (see %{garbha-})
    n. (rarely m.
    ifc. f. %{A}), `" that which causes to fall or sink "', sin, crime, loss of caste Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
  289. पातञ्जल (pātañjala) (pātañjala)
    mf(%{I})n. composed by Patan5jali
    m. a follower of the Yoga system of PPatan5jali Cat.
    n. the YYoga ssystem of ra ib., (also %{-lIya} n.)
    the Maha1-bha1shya of PPatan5jali ib.
  290. पातृ (pātṛ) (pātṛ)
    1 (with gen.
    %{pA4tR} with acc.
    unaccented with gen. or ifc.), one who drinks, a drinker RV. &c. &c. 2 mfn. defending, a defender or protector (with gen., acc. or ifc.) RV. &c. &c.
  291. पाताल (pātāla) (pātāla)
    n. (rarely m.
    ifc. f. %{A}
    perhaps fr. 2. %{pAta} as %{antarAla} fr. %{antar}
    cf. Un2. i, 116) one of the 7 regions under the earth and the abode of the Na1gas or serpents and demons (cf. RTL. 102 n. 1 &c.
    sometimes used as a general N. for the lower regions or hells
    in MBh. also N. of a town in the serpent-world), Arun2Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    an excavation, hole in the earth MBh.
    she submarine fire
    (in astrol.) the fourth house Var.
    N. of a Tirtha Cat.
    m. = %{yantra} blow
    (in astron.) N. of Jupiter's year of 361 days
    (in music) a kind of measure
    N. of the attendant of the 14th Arhat of present Ava-sarpin2i1.
  292. पातिन् (pātin) (pātin)
    mfn. flying MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    falling, sinking Megh. Katha1s.
    rising, appearing Katha1s.
    being in (cf. %{antaH-} and %{eka-})
    causing to fall, throwing down, emitting (comp.) MBh. Var. Ra1jat. [617,1]
  293. पात्र (pātra) (pātra)
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a drinking-vessel, goblet, bowl, cup, dish, pot, plate, utensil &c., any vessel or receptacle RV. &c. &c.
    a meal (as placed on a dish) TS. AitBr.
    the channel of a river R. Ka1d. [613,1]
    (met.) a capable or competent person, an adept in, master of (gen.), any one worthy of or fit for or abounding in (gen. loc., inf. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    an actor or an actor's part or character in a play Ka1lid. Sa1h.
    a leaf(cf. %{pattra})
    propriety, fitness W.
    an order, command ib.
    m. or n. a measure of capacity (= 1 A1d2haka) AV. S3Br. S3rS.
    a king's counsellor or minister Ra1jat. Pan5car.
    (%{I}) f. see 1. %{pAtrI}.2 n. (?) RV. i, 121, 1.
  294. पाद (pāda) (pāda)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}, rarely %{I}) the foot (of men and animals) RV. &c. &c. (the pl. sometimes added to proper names or titles in token of respect e.g. %{deva-pAdAH}, `" the king's majesty "' Pan5c. [617,2]
    %{nArAyaNap-}, `" the venerable NNa1ra1yan2a "' Sa1h.
    %{pAdaiH} ind. on foot [said of several persons]. R.
    %{-dayoH} and %{-de-pat}, to fall at a person's [gen.] feet Ka1v. Hit)
    the foot or leg of an inanimate object, column, pillar AV. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    a wheel S3is3. xii, 21
    a foot as a measure (= 12 An3gulas) S3Br. S3rS. Ma1rkP.
    the foot or root of a tree Var.
    the foot or a hill at the ffoot of a mountain MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the bottom (%{dRteh@pAdAt}, `" from the bbottom of a bag "' v.l. %{pAtrAt}) MBh. v, 1047
    a ray or beam of light (considered as the ffoot of a heavenly body) ib.
    a quarter, a fourth Part (the ffourth of a quadruped being one out of 4) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (pl. the 4 parts i. e. all things required for [gen.] Sus3r.)
    the quadrant (of a circle) A1ryabh. Sch.
    a verse or line (as the fourth part of a regular stanza) Br. S3rS. Pra1t. &c.
    the caesura of a verse AgP., the chapter of a book (orig. only of a book or section of a bbook consisting of 4 parts, as the Adhya1yas of Pa1n2ini's grammar).
  295. पादक (pādaka) (pādaka)
    m. a small foot RV. viii, 33, 19
    (%{ikA-}) f. a sandal, shoe
    ifc. (f. %{ikA}) = foot R. Katha1s.
    mf(%{ikA})n. making a quarter of anything Var.
  296. पादप (pādapa) (pādapa)
    see p. 618. (1. %{pA}) m. (ifc. f. %{A}) `" drinking at foot or root "', a tree, plant MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-ka} id. ifc. Katha1s.)2 (3. %{pA}) m. a foot-stool or cushion for the feet
    (%{A}) f. a shoe, slipper
  297. पादुका (pādukā) (pādukā)
    mf(%{A} or %{I})n. going on foot or with feet W.
    (%{A}) f. see next. f. a shoe or slipper MBh.
    %{kAv}. &c. (also %{-ka} m. c. and in %{-ka-vat} mfn. having shoes Hcat.)
    impression of the feet of a god or a holy person MWB. 508
    (?) N. of Durga1 or another deity (cf. comp. below).
  298. पाद्य (pādya) (pādya)
    mf(%{A})n. relating or belonging to the foot Br. S3rS. (n. with or sc. %{udaka}, water used for washing the feet ib. &c.)
    amounting to a quarter of anything S3ulbas.
  299. पान (pāna) (pāna)
    1 n. drinking (esp. ddrinking spirituous liquors), draught RV. (only ifc.) AV. &c. &c.
    drinking the saliva i.e. kissing, Ka1v "' (cf. %{adhara-})
    a drink, beverage S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a drinking-vessel, cup
    a canal
    m. a distiller or vender of spirituous liquors "' an inn-keeper L.
  300. पानक (pānaka) (pānaka)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) a draught, drink, beverage, potion MBh. Katha1s. Sus3r.
  301. पानीय (pānīya) (pānīya)
    mfn. to be drunk, drinkable Sus3r.
    n. a beverage, drink ib. Pan5c.
    water Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. Nir.i, 16).2 mfn. to be cherished or protected or preserved W.
  302. पाप (pāpa) (pāpa)
    (S3Br. xiv, also %{pA4pa}) mf(%{I} older than %{A}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 30)n. bad, vicious, wicked, evil, wretched, vile, low RV. &c. &c.
    (in astrol.) boding evil, inauspicious Var.
    m. a wicked man, wretch, villain RV. &c, &c.
    N. of the profligate in a drama Cat.
    of a hell VP.
    (%{A}) f. a beast of prey or a witch, Hcat
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) evil, misfortune, ill-luck, trouble, mischief. harm AV. &c. &c. often %{zAntam@pApam}, `" heaven forefend that evil "' R. Mr2icch. Ka1lid. &c.)
    sin, vice, crime, guilt Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{a4m}) ind. badly, miserably, wrongly AV.
    (%{a4yA}) ind. id.
    %{-papa4yA7muyA4}, so badly, so vilely ib.
  303. पापक (pāpaka) (pāpaka)
    mf(%{ikA}, once %{akI})n. bad, evil S3Br. &c. &c.
    m. a villain, rascal MBh.
    an evil or malignant planet Var.
    n. evil, wrong, sin MBh.
  304. पापनिश्चय (pāpaniścaya) (pāpaniścaya)
    mfn. having evil designs, malevolent MBh. R.
  305. पापिष्ठ (pāpiṣṭha) (pāpiṣṭha)
    mfn. worst, lowest, most wicked or bad AV. &c. &c.
  306. पामर (pāmara) (pāmara)
    mfn. affected with skin-disease(cf. g. %{azmA7di})
    wicked, vile, low, base W.
    m. man of lowest extraction Ka1v. Ra1jat.
    a wretch, villain Hit.
    an idiot, fool Ba1dar. Sch.
    n. bad character, wickedness MW.
  307. पाय (pāya) (pāya)
    n. (1. %{pA}) water L.
  308. पायु (pāyu) (pāyu)
    (S3Br. xiv, %{pA4yu}), ni. the anus VS. &c. &c.2 m. (3. %{pA}
    for 1. %{pAyu} see col. s) a guard, protector RV. (esp. instr. pl. `" with protecting powers or actions, helpfully "') AV.
    N. of a man RV. vi, 47, 24 (with %{bhAradvAja}, author of vi, 75
    x, 87).
  309. पायस (pāyasa) (pāyasa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{payas}) prepared with or made of milk Gr2S3rS.
    m. n. food prepared with mmade, (esp.) rice boiled in mmade or an oblation of mmade and rice and sugar ib. Mn. MBh. &c.
    the resin of Pinus Longifolia L.
  310. पायूपस्थ (pāyūpastha) (pāyūpastha)
    n. the anus and the organs of generation Mn. ii, 90.
  311. पार (pāra) (pāra)
    1 mfn. (fr. %{pR}
    in some meanings also fr. %{pRR}) bringing across RV. v, 31, 8
    n. (rarely m.) the further bank or shore or boundary, any bank or shore, the opposite side, the end or limit of anything, the utmost reach or fullest extent RV. &c. &c. (%{dUre4@pAre4}, at the farthest ends RV.
    %{pAraM-gam} &c. with gen. or loc., to reach the end, go through, fulfil, carry out [as a promise], study or learn thoroughly [as a science] MBh. R. &c.
    %{paraM-nI}, to bring to a close, Yaljn5.)
    a kind of Tusht2i (s.v.), Sa1m2khyas. Sch.
    m. crossing (see %{duS-} and %{su-})
    a partic. personification Sa1mavBr. Gaut.
    N. of a sage Ma1rkP.
    of a son of Pr2ithu-shena (Rucira7s3va) and father of Ni1pa Hariv.
    of a sson of Samara and ffather of Pr2ithu ib.
    of a son of An3ga, and ffather of Divi-ratha VP.
    (pl.) of a class of deities under the 9th Manu BhP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river (said to flow from the Pa1riya1tra mountains or the central and western portion of the Vindhya chain) MBh. Pur.
    (%{I}) f. a milk-pail S3is3.
    any cup or drinking vessel Vcar. Ra1jat.
    a rope for tying an elephant's feet
    a quantity of water or a town (%{pUra} or %{pura})
    a small piece or quantity of anything Nalac.
  312. पारमार्थिक (pāramārthika) (pāramārthika)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{paramA7rtha}) relating to a high or spiritual object or to supreme truth, real, essential, true S3am2k. BhP. Kull. (cf. IW. 108)
    one who cares for truth Pan5c.
    excellent, best W.
    %{-thya} n. the real full truth BhP.
  313. पारमित (pāramita) (pāramita)
    mfn. gone to the opposite shore
    crossed, traversed
    transcendent (as spiritual knowledge) W.
    (%{A}).f. (for %{-ta-tA}?) coming or leading to the oppoppositive shshore, complete attainment, perfection in (comp.)
    transcendental virtue (there are 6 or 10, viz. %{dAnta}, %{zIla}, %{kSAnti}, %{vIrya}, %{dhyAna}, %{prajJA}, to which are sometimes added %{satya}, %{adhiSThAna}, %{maitra}, %{upe7kSA}) MWB. 128 (cf. Dharmas. xvii, xviii).
  314. पारस (pārasa) (pārasa)
    mf(%{I})n. Persian
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  315. पारसिक (pārasika) (pārasika)
    mf(%{i})n. id. Col. (v.l. %{-sIka})
    m. pl. the PPersian MBh. VP.
  316. पारिक्षित (pārikṣita) (pārikṣita)
    m. (%{-kSit}) patr. of Janam-ejaya Br. MBh.
    (%{-tI}) f. N. of AV. xx, 127, 7-10
    %{-tI4ya} m. the brother of Pari-kshit S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r. Sch.
  317. पारुष्य (pāruṣya) (pāruṣya)
    n. (fr. %{paruSa}) roughness Sus3r. (cf. %{tvak-p-})
    shagginess, dishevelled state (of the hair) Subh.
    harshness (esp. of language), reproach, insult (also pl.) AV. &c. &c.
    violence (in word or deed
    cf. %{daNDa-p-}, %{vAk-p-})
    squalor MW.
    the grove of Indra(also %{-ka} DivyA7v.)
    aloe wood
    m. N. of Br2ihas-pati, the planet Jupiter
  318. पार्थ (pārtha) (pārtha)
    1 m. (fr. %{pRthi}) patr. of Ta1nva RAnukr.
    n. N. of 12 sacred texts (ascribed to Pr2ithi Vainya and repeated during the ceremony of unction in the Ra1ja-su1ya sacrifice) Br. Ka1tyS3rS.
    of sev. Sa1mans Br. La1t2y. 2 m. (fr. %{pRthA}) metron. of Yudhi-sht2hira or Bhi1ma-sena or Arjuna (esp. of the last
    pl. the 5 sons of Pa1n2u) MBh. (cf. IW. 381 n. 4)
    N. of a king of Kas3rriira (son of Pan3gu) and of another man Ra1jat.
    Terminalia Arjuna L.3 m.= %{pArthiva}, a prince, king4 or %{pArthona} m. (in astron.) = $ as (the Virgo of the zodiac).
  319. पार्थिव (pārthiva) (pārthiva)
    mf(%{I} or %{A}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 85, Varit. 2) u. (fr. %{pRthivI} f. of %{pRthu}) earthen, earthy, earthly, being in or relating to or coming from the earth, terrestrial RV. &c. &c.
    (from m. below) fit for kings or princes, royal, princely MBh. Hariv.
    m. an inhabitant of the earth
    a lord of the earth, king, prince, warrior Mn. MBh. &c.
    an earthen vessel
    a partic. Agni Gr2ihya1s.
    the 19th (or 53rd) year in Jupiter's cycle of 60 years Var.
    (pl.) N. of a family belonging to the Kaus3likas Hariv.
    (%{I}) f. `" earth-born "'N. of Si1ta1 Ragh.
    of Lakshmi1
    (with %{zAnti}) N. of wk.
    n. (pl.) the regions of the earth RV.
    an earthy substance Hariv. (v.l. %{-thavi}) Sus3r.
    Tabernaemontana Coronaria L.
  320. पार्वण (pārvaṇa) (pārvaṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{parvan}) belonging or relating to a division of time or to the changes of the moon (such as at new or full moon)
    increasing, waxing, full (as the moon
    %{parvaNau@zazi-divAkarau}, mmoon and sun at the time of full mmoon Ragh. xi, 82) Gr2S3rS. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    m. a halfmonth (= %{pakSa}) Jyot.
    oblations offered at new and full moon Gr2S.
  321. पार्वत (pārvata) (pārvata)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{parvata}) being in or growing on or coming from or consisting of mountains
    mountainous, hilly MBh. Hariv. Pur. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-2, 67, 8ch.)
    m. Melia Bukayun
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  322. पार्वतीय (pārvatīya) (pārvatīya)
    mfn. living or dwelling in the mountains, mountainous
    m. a mountaineer MBh. R. &c.
    Juglans Regia
    N. of a sovereign ruling in the mountains MBh.
    (pl.) of a mmountains tribe
  323. पार्श्व (pārśva) (pārśva)
    n. (rarely m. g. %{ardharcA7di}
    ifc. f. %{A} fr. 1. %{parzu}) the region of the ribs (pl. the ribs), side, flank (either of animate or inanimate objects) RV. &c. &c.
    the side = nearness, proximity (with gen. or ifc.
    %{ayaH}, on both sides
    %{am}, aside, towards
    %{e}, at the side, near [opp. to %{dura-tas}]
    %{At}, away, from
    by means of, through) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a curved knife S3Br.
    a side of any square figure W.
    the curve or circumference of a wheel ib.
    (only n.) a multitude of ribs, the thorax W. [622,2]
    the extremity of the fore-axle nearest the wheel to which the outside horses of a four-horse chariot are attached
    a fraudulent or crooked expedient
    m. the side horse on a chariot MBh.
    N. of an ancient Buddhist teacher
    (with Jainas) N. of the 23rd Arhat of the present Ava-sarpin2i1 and of his servant
    (du.) heaven and earth
    mfn. near, proximate (cf. comp. below).
  324. पार्षत (pārṣata) (pārṣata)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{priSata}) belonging to the spotted antelope, made of its skin &c. Kaus3. Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. [622,3]
    m. patr. of Dru-pada and his son Dhr2isht2a-dyumna MBh.
    (%{I}) f. patr. of Draupadi1 ib.
    of Durga1 (w.r. for %{pArvatI})
    Boswellia Thurifera
    = %{jIvanI}
  325. पार्षद (pārṣada) (pārṣada)
    m. (fr. %{parSad}) an associate, companion, attendant (esp. of a god), RamatUp. MBh. Sus3r. (pl. attendance, retinue Hariv. BhP. Lalit.)
    a member of an assembly, spectator Prasannar.
    n. a text-book received by any partic. grammatical school (a N. given to the Pra1tis3a1khyas) Nir. i, 17
    N. of wk.
  326. पाल (pāla) (pāla)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) a guard, protector, keeper R. Hariv.
    a herdsman Mn. Gaut. Ya1jn5. MBh.
    protector of the earth, king. prince BhP.
    (also n.) a spitting spittoon (as `" recipient "' ?)
    N. of a serpent-demon of the race of Va1suki MBh.
    of a prince Cat.
    (with %{bhatTa}) N. of an author ib.
    (%{I}) f. a herdsman's wife MBh. v, 3608
    an oblong pond (as `" receptacle "' of water?) Var. (cf. %{pAli}).
  327. पालक (pālaka) (pālaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. guarding, protecting, nourishing W.
    m. a guardian, protector MBh. (%{ikA} f.)
    a foster-father Ra1jat.
    a prince, ruler, sovereign ib. BhP. [623,1]
    a world-protector (= %{loka-p-}) Ka1m.
    a horse-keeper, groom
    a maintainer, observer Ma1rkP.
    a species of plant with a poisonous bulb Sus3r.
    Plumbago Zeylanica
    a horse
    N. of sev. princes Mr2icch. Katha1s. Pur.
    n. a spittoon Gal. (cf. %{pAla} above).
  328. पालन (pālana) (pālana)
    mf(%{I})n. guarding, nourishing (%{-nI@jananI} f. a foster-mother) Ma1rkP.
    n. the act of guarding, protecting, nourishing, defending Mn. MBh. &c.
    maintaining, keeping, observing MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the milk of a cow that has recently calved(%{-karman} n. superintendence S3ak.
    %{-vRtti} f. a partic. manner of subsistence Baudh.)
  329. पालि (pāli) (pāli)
    m. (prob.) a protector, ruler (cf. %{go-pAli} and %{prajA-p-}). f. (in most meanings and ifc. f. also i1 [cf. under %{pAla}]
    according to Un2. iv, 529 Sch. fr. %{pal}) the tip or lobe of the ear, the outer ear Sus3r. (cf. %{karNa-} and %{zravaNa-p-})
    a boundary, limit, margin, edge MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a row, line, range Ratna7v. Sis3. Gi1t.
    a dam, dike, bridge Ra1jat.
    a pot, boiler HParis3.
    a partic. measure of capacity (= %{prastha})
    prescribed food, maintenance of a scholar during the period of his studies by his teacher
    the lap, bosom
    a circumference
    a mark, spot
    a louse
    a woman with a beard= %{prazaMsA}(%{-lI} ifc. to denote praise, Gan2.)
    = %{prabedha} L.
  330. पालित (pālita) (pālita)
    mfn. guarded, protected, cherished, nourished MBh. R. &c.
    m. Trophis Aspera
    N. of a prince (son of Para1-jit or Para1-vr2it) Hariv. Pur. (v.l. %{palita})
    of a poet Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh. see under %{pAl}.
  331. पावक (pāvaka) (pāvaka)
    mf(%{A4})n. pure, clear, bright, shining RV. VS. AV. (said of Agni, Su1rya and other gods, of water, day and night &c.
    according to native Comms. it is mostly = %{sodhaka} "', cleansing, purifying "')
    m. N. of a partic. Agni (in the Pura1n2as said to be a son of Agni Abhima1nin and Sva1ha1 or of Autardha1na and S3ikhan2d2ini1) TS. TBr. Ka1tyS3r. Pur.
    (ifc. f. %{A}) fire or the god of fire Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of the number 3 (like all words for `" fire "', because fire is of three kinds see %{agni}) Su1ryas.
    a kind of Rishi, a saint, a person purified by religious abstraction or one who purified from sin MBh.
    Prenina Spinosa
    Plumbago Zeylanica or some other species
    Semecarpus Anacardium
    Carthamus Tinctoria
    Embelia Ribes
    (%{ikA}) f. (in music) = %{pAva}
    (%{I}) f. the wife of Agni L.
  332. पावन (pāvana) (pāvana)
    mf(%{I})n. purifying, purificatory
    pure, holy Mn. MBh. &c.
    living on wind Ni1lak.
    m. a partic. fire Kull. on Mn.iii, 185
    a species of Verbesina with yellow flowers
    a Siddha (s.v.)
    N. of Vya1sa
    of one of the Vis3ve Deva1h MBh.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    (%{I}) f. Terminalia Chebula
    holy basil
    a cow
    N. of a river MBh. R.
    the Ganges or the goddess Gan3ga1 W.
    n. the act or a means of cleansing or purifying, purification, sanctification Mn. MBh. &c.
    penance, atonement
    the seed of Elaeocarpus Ganitrus (of which rosaries are made)
    Costus Speciosus
    a sectarial mark
    = %{adhyAsa} L.
  333. पाश (pāśa) (pāśa)
    m. (once n. ifc. f. %{A}
    fr. 3. %{paz}) a snare, trap, noose, tie, bond, cord, chain, fetter (lit. and fig.) RV. &c. &c.
    (esp.) the noose as attribute of Siva or Yama RTL. 81
    (with Jainas) anything that binds or fetters the soul i.e. the outer world, nature Sarvad. (cf. also RTL. 89)
    selvage, edge, border (of anything woven), S3rGr2S.
    a die, dice MBh.
    (in astrol.) a partic. constellation
    (ifc. it expresses either contempt e.g. %{chattra-p-}, a shabby umbrella "', or 0admiration e.g. %{karNa-p-}, `" a beautiful ear "'
    after a word signifying, hair "' abundance, quantity e.g. %{keza-p-}, `" a mass of hair "')
    (%{I}) f. a rope, fetter Sis3. xviii, 57 (cf. also 2. %{pAzI}).
  334. पाशुपत (pāśupata) (pāśupata)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or sacred to or coming from S3iva Pas3u-pati MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. a follower or worshipper of SS3iva PPas3u-pati Katha1s. Ra1jat. (cf. RTL. 59) [624,1]
    Agati Grandiflora
    Getonia Floribunda
    n. = %{-jJAna} MBh. N. of a celebrated weapon given by Siva to Arjuna MBh. iii, 1650 &c.
    of a place sacred to S3iva Pas3u-pati Cat.
  335. पाषण्ड (pāṣaṇḍa) (pāṣaṇḍa)
    mf(%{I})n. (wrongly spelt %{pAkhaNDa}) heretical, impious MBh. Pur.
    m. a heretic, hypocrite, impostor, any one who falsely assumes the characteristics of an orthodox Hindu1, a Jaina, Buddhist ib. &c.
    m. or n. false doctrine, heresy Mn. BhP.
  336. पाषाण (pāṣāṇa) (pāṣāṇa)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}
    according to Un2. ii, 90 Sch. fr. %{paS}
    cf. %{pAzI}) a stone Br. MBh. &c.
    (%{I}) f. a small stone used as a weight
    a spear A.
  337. पिङ्ग (piṅga) (piṅga)
    %{piGgara}, %{piGgala} see under %{piJj}, col. 3. mf(%{A})n. yellow, reddish-brown, tawny MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. g. %{kaDArA7di})
    m. yellow (the colour)
    a buffalo L.: a mouse
    N. of one of the sun's attendants
    of a man A1s3vS3r. (cf. %{paiGgi}, %{-gin})
    (%{piGga4}, in one place %{pi4nga})N. of a kind of divine being (?) AV. viii, 6, 6
    18 &c.
    (%{pi4ngA}) f. a bow-string RV. viii, 58, 9 (Sa1y.
    cf. %{piGgala-jya})
    a kind of yellow pigment (cf. %{go-rocanA})
    the stalk of Ferula Asa Foetida
    turmeric, Indian saffron
    bamboo manna W.
    N. of a woman MBh.
    of Durga1 W.
    a tubular vessel of the human body which according to the Yoga system is the channel of respiration and circulation for one side ib.
    (%{I}) f. Mimosa Suma ib.
    n. orpiment
    a young animal MW.
  338. पिङ्गल (piṅgala) (piṅgala)
    mf(%{A4} and %{I})n. (cf. g. %{gaurA7di} and %{kaDArA7di}), reddish-brown, tawny, yellow, goldcoloured AV. &c. &c,
    (in alg. also as N. of the 10th unknown quantity)
    having rreddish-bbrown eyes Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    m. yellow colour W.
    an ape
    an ichneumon
    a small kind of owl
    a small kind of lizard
    a species of snake Sus3r.
    a partic. vegetable poison
    (with Jainas) N. of a treasure
    the 51st (or 25th) year in a 60 years "' cycle of Jupiter Var.
    N. of S3iva or a kindred being Gr2S. Gaut. &c. [625,1]
    of an attendant of S3iva Katha1s.
    of an attendant of the Sun
    of a Rudra VP.
    of a Yaksha MBh.
    of a Da1nava Katha1s.
    of a Na1ga or serpent-demon MBh. i, 1554 (the supposed author of the Chandas or treatise on metre regarded as one of the Veda7n3gas, identified by some with Patan5jali, author of the Maha1-bha1shya)
    of sev. ancient sages MBh. R. &c.
    pl. N. of a people Ma1rkP.
    (%{A}) f. a species of bird
    a kind of owl Var.
    Dalbergia Sissoo
    = %{karNikA}
    a kind of brass
    a partic. vessel of the body (the right of 3 tubular vessels which according to the Yoga philosophy are the chief passages of breath and air
    cf. ChUp. viii, 6, 1)
    a kind of yellow pigment (= %{go-rocanA})
    N. of Lakshmi1 Gal.
    of a courtezan who became remarkable for her piety MBh.
    of the female elephant of the South quarter
    of an astrological house or period W.
    heart-pea W.
    n. a partic. metal
    yellow orpiment L.
  339. पिचु (picu) (picu)
    m. cotton Car.
    Vangueria Spinosa Sus3r.
    a sort of grain
    a Karsha or weight of 2 Tolas Sus3r.
    a kind of leprosy
    N. of Bhairava or of one of his 8 faces
    of an Asura L.
  340. पिटक (piṭaka) (piṭaka)
    mf(%{A})n. (usually n.) a basket or box MBh. R.
    &c. (ifc. %{ikA} Ma1nGr2.)
    a granary W.
    a collection of writings (ci1. %{tri-p-})
    a boil, blister Car. (printed %{piThaka}) Ja1takam.
    a kind of ornament on Indra's banner MBh. Var.
    m. N. of a man (also %{piTAka}) g. %{zivA7di}
  341. पिण्ड (piṇḍa) (piṇḍa)
    m. (rarely n.) any round or roundish mass or heap, a ball, globe, knob, button, clod, lump, piece (cf. %{ayaH-}., %{mAMsa-} &c.) RV. (only i, 162, 19 and here applied to lumps of flesh) TS. S3Br. &c. &c.
    a roundish lump of food, a bite, morsel, mouthful
    (esp.) a ball of rice or flour &c. offered to the Pitr2is or deceased ancestors, a S3ra1ddha oblation (RTL. 293
    298-310) Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    food, daily bread, livelihood, subsistence MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    any solid mass or material object, the body, bodily frame Ragh. S3am2k. Vajracch.
    the calf of the leg Ma1lati1m. v, 16
    the flower of a China rose
    a portico or partic. part of a house
    power, force, an army
    m. (du.) the fleshy parts of the shoulder situated above the collar-bone MBh.
    (du.) the two projections of an elephant's frontal sinus
    the embryo in an early stage of gestation
    a partic. kind of incense Var. (`" myrrh "' or `" olibanum "' L.)
    meat, flesh
    alms Ma1lati1m. (cf. %{-pAta} below)
    Vangueriya Spinosa
    quantity, collection
    (in arithm.) sum, total amount
    (in astron.) a sine expressed in numbers
    (in music) a sound, tone
    N. of a man g. %{naDA7di}
    n. (L.) iron
    fresh butter
    (%{A}) f. a kind of musk
    (%{I}) f. see 1. %{piNDI}.
  342. पिण्डक (piṇḍaka) (piṇḍaka)
    m. n. a lump, ball, knob Hariv. Sus3r.
    a fragment, morsel
    a round protuberance (esp. on an elephant's temples) MBh.
    the ball of rice &c. offered at S3ra1ddhas (cf. %{tri-p-})
    m. a species of bulbous plant ( = %{piNDA7lu})
    Daucus Carota
    incense, myrrh
    a sine expressed in numbers Su1ryas.
    a Pis3a1ca
    (%{ikA}) f. a globular fleshy swelling(in the shoulders, arms, legs, &c.
    esp. the calf of the leg) Vishn2. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    a base or pedestal for the image of a deity or for a Lin3ga Var. Ka1d. AgP.
    a bench for lying on Car.
    the nave of a wheel
    a species of musk
  343. पिण्डद (piṇḍada) (piṇḍada)
    mf(%{A}) ii. offering or qualified to offer oblations to deceased ancestors Ya1jn5. MBh.
    m. the nearest male relation W. [625,3]
    a son Gal.
    a patron or master Bhartr2.
    (%{A}) f. a mother MBh. (Nilak.) Cf. %{sa-piNDa}.
  344. पिण्याक (piṇyāka) (piṇyāka)
    m.n. oil-cake Mn. A1past. MBh. &c.
    Asa Foetida
    (%{A}) f. a species of plant
  345. पितृ (pitṛ) (pitṛ)
    m. (irreg. acc. pl. %{pitaras} MBh.
    gen. pl. %{pitriNAm} BhP.) a father RV. &c. &c. (in the Veda N. of Br2ihas-pati, Varun2a, Praja1-pati, and esp. of heaven or the sky
    %{antarA@pitaraM@mAtaraM@ca}, `" between heaven and earth "' RV. x, 88, 15)
    m. du. (%{-tarau}) father and mother, parents RV. &c. &c. (in the Veda N. of the Aran2is [q.v.] and of heaven and earth)
    pl. (%{-taras}) the fathers, forefathers, ancestors, (esp.) the Pitr2is or deceased ancestors (they are of 2 classes, viz. the deceased father, grandfathers and great-grandfathers of any partic. person, and the progenitors of mankind generally
    in honour of both these classes rites called Sra1ddhas are performed and oblations called Pin2d2as [q.v.] are presented
    they inhabit a peculiar region, which, according to some, is the Bhuvas ar region of the air, according to others, the orbit of the moon, and are considered as the regents of the Nakshatras Magha1 and Mu1la
    cf. RTL. 10 &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    a father and his brothers, father and uncles, paternal ancestors Mn. ii, 151 &c. R. Katha1s.
    a partic. child's-demon Sus3r. [Origin fr. 3 %{pA} very doubtful
    cf. Zd. {pita}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {pater}, {Jup-piter}
    Goth. &191946[626,2] {fadar}
    Germ. {Vater}
    Eng. {father}.]
  346. पितु (pitu) (pitu)
    m. once n. ( %{pI}, %{pyai}) juice, drink, nourishment, foodTS. VS. AitBr. (cf. Naigh. ii, 7.)
  347. पितामह (pitāmaha) (pitāmaha)
    m. a paternal grandfather AV.&c. &c.
    N. of Brahma1 Mn. MBh. &c.
    of sev. authors Cat.
    pl. the Pit2ris or ancestors Ya1jn5. MBh.
    (%{I}) f. a paternal grandmother MBh. Katha1s. Pur.
    %{-saMhitA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-saras} n. N. of a place of pilgrimage (also %{-hasya@saraH}) MBh.
    %{-smRti} f. N. of wk.
  348. पितृतीर्थ (pitṛtīrtha) (pitṛtīrtha)
    n. `" Tirtha (s.v.) of the PPitris "', N. of the place called Gaya1
    apartic. part of the hand (= %{-tarpaNa}), KatyS3r. Sch.
  349. पितृव्य (pitṛvya) (pitṛvya)
    m. a father's brother, paternal uncle Mn. MBh. &c. (also %{-ka} HParis3.)
    any elderly male relation Pan5c. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. {patruus}.]
  350. पितृस्वस्रीय (pitṛsvasrīya) (pitṛsvasrīya)
    incorrect for %{-SvasR}, %{-rIya}.
  351. पित्त (pitta) (pitta)
    n. (etym. unknown) bile, the bilious humour (one of the three humours [cf. %{kapha} and %{vAyu}] or that secreted between the stomach and bowels and flowing through the liver and permeating spleen, heart, eyes, and skin
    its chief quality is heat) AV. &c. &c.
  352. पित्र्य (pitrya) (pitrya)
    mf(%{A})n. derived from or relating to a father, paternal, patrimonial, ancestral RV. &c. &c.
    relating or consecrated to the Pitr2is Mn. MBh. &c. (with %{tIrtha} n. = %{pitR-t-} Mn. ii, 59
    with %{diz} f. the south S3a1n3khGr2.
    with %{pra-diz} id. RV.)
    m. the eldest brother (who takes the place of a ffather)
    the month Ma1gha
    the ritual for oblations to the PPitr2is ChUp. Sch.
    Phaseolus Radiatus
    (%{A}) f. pl. the Nakshatra called Magha1 (presided over by the PPitr2is)
    the day of full moon and the worship of the PPitr2is on that day
    n. the nature or character of a father R.
    (with or sc: %{karman}) worship of the PPitr2is, obsequal ceremony S3Br. Mn &c.
    the Nakshatra Migha1 Var.
    = %{pitR-tIrtha} (cf. above) W.
  353. पिधान (pidhāna) (pidhāna)
    n. (m. g. %{ardharcA7di}) covering, stopping, shutting, closing Ma1lav. Sa1h.
    a cover, lid, sheath &c. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{-vat} mfn. covered with a lid Ra1jat.)
    a partic. process to which quicksilver is subjected Sarvad.
    (%{I}) f. a cover, lid L.
  354. पिनाक (pināka) (pināka)
    m. n. a staff or bow, (esp.) the staff or bow of Rudra-S3iva AV. VS. TS. MBh. &c.
    S3iva's trident or three-pronged spear (= %{zUla} and %{tri-zUla})
    falling dust
    (%{I}) f. (in music) a kind of stringed instrument
    n. a species of talc Bhpr. (Perhaps fr. %{pi-api-nam}
    cf. %{nAka}.)
  355. पिनाकिन् (pinākin) (pinākin)
    m. `" armed with the bow or spear Pina1ka "'N. of Rudra-S3iva MBh. Hariv. R.
    of one of the 11 Rudras MBh. Ha1r.
    (%{inI}) f. N. of 2 fivers
    %{-nI-mAhAtmya} n. N. of ch. of Brahma7n2d2aP.
  356. पिपासत् (pipāsat) (pipāsat)
    mf(%{antI})n. (fr. 1. %{pA} Desid.) wishing to drink, thirsty S3ak.
  357. पिपासा (pipāsā) (pipāsā)
    f. thirst S3Br. &c. &c.
    %{-vat} mfn. thirsty Veda7ntas.
  358. पिपासु (pipāsu) (pipāsu)
    (MBh. R.), thirsty, athirst.
  359. पिपील (pipīla) (pipīla)
    m. ( %{pID}?) an ant RV. MBh.
    (%{I}) f. id. L.
  360. पिपीलिका (pipīlikā) (pipīlikā)
    f. the common small red ant or a female ant AV. &c. &c.
  361. पिप्पल (pippala) (pippala)
    m. the sacred fig-tree, Ficus Religiosa (commonly called Peepal) MBh. Ya1jn5. Var. &c. (cf. IW. 39, 3 MWB. Ya1jn5. Var. &c. (cf. IW. 39, 3 MWB. 515) a kind of bird
    a nipple
    = %{niraMzuka}, or %{-zula}
    the sleeve of a jacket or coat W.
    N. of a son of Mitra and Revati BhP.
    pl. N. of a school of AV. (prob. for %{pippalA7da})
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river VP.
    (%{I}) f. see s.v.
    (%{pi4ppala}) n. a berry (esp. of the Peepal tree) RV. &c. &c.
    sensual enjoyment BhP.
    the sleeve of a coat L.
  362. पिप्पलक (pippalaka) (pippalaka)
    m. a pin Car.
    n. a nipple
    sewing thread
  363. पिप्पलाद (pippalāda) (pippalāda)
    mfn. eating the fruit of the Peepal tree BhP.
    given to sensual pleasures ib.
    m. N. of an ancient teacher of the AV. Pras3nUp. MBh. &c.
    pl. his school (also %{-daka})
    %{-tIrtha}, ii. N. of a Tirtha S3ivaP.
    %{-zrAddha-kalpa} m. %{-zruti} f. %{-sUtra} n. %{-do4paniSad}, f. N. of wks.
  364. पिशाच (piśāca) (piśāca)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) N. of a class of demons (possibly so called either from their fondness for flesh [%{piza} for %{pizita}] or from their yellowish appearance
    they were perhaps originally a personification of the ignis fatuus
    they are mentioned in the Veda along with Asuras and Ra1kshasas see also Mn. xii, 44
    in later times they are the children of Krodha1 cf. IW. 276)
    a fiend, ogre, demon, imp, malevolent or devilish being AV. &c. &c. (ifc. `" a devil of a - "' Ka1d.)
    N. of a Rakshas R.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a daughter of Daksha and mother of the Pis3a1cas VP.
    (%{I}) f. a female PPis3a1cas, a she-devil AV. &c. &c. (also ifc. = m.)
    excessive fondness for (ifc.
    e.g. %{Ayudha-p-}, eexcessive ffondness for fighting) Ba1lar. Anarghar.
    a species of Valerian
    N. of a Yogini Hcat.
  365. पिशित (piśita) (piśita)
    mfn. made ready, prepared, dressed, adorned AV.
    (%{A}) f. Nardostschys Jatamansi
    n. (also pl.) flesh which has been cut up or prepared, any flesh or meat AV. &c. &c.
    a small piece AV. vi, 127, 1. [628,3]
  366. पिशुन (piśuna) (piśuna)
    mfn. backbiting, slanderous, calumnious, treacherous, malignant, base, wicked
    a backbiter, informer, betrayer RV. &c. &c.
    (ifc.) showing, betraying, manifesting, telling of. memorable for Ka1lid. Katha1s. Pur.
    m. cotton
    a crow
    N. of Na1rada
    of a goblin dangerous to pregnant women Ma1rkP.
    of a Bra1hman Hariv.
    of a minister of Dushyanta S3ak.
    (%{A}) f. Medicago Esculenta
    n. informing against, betraying MBh.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a river (described as the Manda1kini) R. (cf. IW. 351, 2).
  367. पिशुनता (piśunatā) (piśunatā)
    f. slander, scandal, detraction Bhartr2.
  368. पिष्ट (piṣṭa) (piṣṭa)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see %{piS}) fashioned, prepared, decorated (superl. %{-tama})VS.
    n. = %{rUpa} Naigh. iii, 7. 2 mfn. (for 1. see above) crushed, ground &c. RV. &c. &c.
    clasped, squeezed, rubbed together (as the hands) W.
    kneaded ib.
    m. a cake, pastry
    N. of a man g. %{zivA7di}
    pl. his descendants g. %{upakA7di}
    (%{I}) f. see s.v.
    n. flour, meal, anything ground (%{na@pinaSTi@piSTam}, `" he does not grind flour "' i.e. he does no useless work) BhP.
    lead L.
  369. पीठ (pīṭha) (pīṭha)
    n. (rarely i1, f.
    possibly corrupted fr. %{pi-sad}, to sit upon) a stool, seat, chair, bench, Gr2S3. MBh. &c.
    a religious student's seat (made properly of Kus3a grass) W.
    case, pedestal (esp. of an idol) Ra1jat. Var. Sch.
    royal seat, throne Ra1matUp.
    place, office (cf. %{pIThA7dhikAra})
    N. of various temples (erected on the 5 1 spots where the limbs of Pa1rvati1 fell after she had been cut to pieces by the discus of Vishn2u)
    a district, province Pan5c.
    a partic. posture in sitting Cat.
    (in geom.) the complement of a segment Col.
    m. a kind of fish
    the sun Gal.
    N. of an Asura MBh.
    of a minister of Kan6sa Hariv.
  370. पीठस्थान (pīṭhasthāna) (pīṭhasthāna)
    n. N. of a city (= %{prati-SThAna}) Sin6ha7s.
  371. पीडन (pīḍana) (pīḍana)
    mfn. pressing, afflicting, molesting, paining (cf. %{cakSu-p-})
    n. the act of pressing or squeezing R. Katha1s. Gi1t.
    an instrument for pressing, press (= %{pIDana-dravya}) Sus3r.
    the act of oppressing or suppressing, Paining, harassing, afflicting R. Ka1m. Ra1jat.
    devastation, laying a country waste W.
    misfortune, calamity Mn. ix, 299
    obscuration, eclipse (of a planet cf. %{graha-p-} ) Sus3r.
    suppression (of sounds, a fault in prounciation) RPra1t.
  372. पीडा (pīḍā) (pīḍā)
    f. pain, suffering, annoyance, harm, injury, violation, damage (%{ayA} ind. with pain i.e. unwillingly) Mn. MBh. &c.
    devastation (cf. %{pIDana}) W.
    restriction, limitation Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    obscuration, eclipse (of a planet cf. %{graha-p-}) Var.
    pity, compassion
    a chaplet or garland for the head(cf. %{ApIDa})
    Pinus Longifolia
    a basket
    w.r. for %{pITha}.
  373. पीडित (pīḍita) (pīḍita)
    mfn. squeezed, pressed Mn. MBh. &c.
    hurt, injured, afflicted, distressed, troubled, badly off ib.
    covered, eclipsed, obscured Var.
    laid waste W.
    bound, tied ib.
    badly pronounced, APra1t.
    (%{am}) ind. closely R.
    n. damage Gaut.
    harassment, annoyance MBh. (v.l. %{pIDana})
    a kind of coitus L.
  374. पीत (pīta) (pīta)
    1 mfn. (1. %{pA}) drunk, sucked, sipped, quaffed, imbibed RV. &c. &c.
    ifc. having drunk, soaked, steeped, saturated, filled with (also with instr.) Mn. MBh. (cf. g. %{AhitA7gny-Adi})
    n. drinking L.
  375. पीत (pīta) (pīta)
    1 mfn. (1. %{pA}) drunk, sucked, sipped, quaffed, imbibed RV. &c. &c.
    ifc. having drunk, soaked, steeped, saturated, filled with (also with instr.) Mn. MBh. (cf. g. %{AhitA7gny-Adi})
    n. drinking L.
  376. पीतवासस् (pītavāsas) (pītavāsas)
    mfn. dressed in yyellow m. N. of Vishn2u MBh. R.
  377. पीताम्बर (pītāmbara) (pītāmbara)
    mfn. dressed in yyellow clothes
    m. N. of Vishn2u-Krishna Gi1t.
    a dancer or actor
    a religious mendicant wearing yyellow garments W.
    N. of sev. men and authors (also with %{zarman} and %{bhaTTa})
    %{-rApaddhati} f. N. of wk.
  378. पीन (pīna) (pīna)
    mf(%{A})n. (2. %{pI}) swelling, swollen, full, round, thick, large, fat, fleshy, corpulent muscular MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (with %{sveda}) m. profuse perspiration Sus3r.
  379. पीयूष (pīyūṣa) (pīyūṣa)
    2 Nom. P. %{-Sati}, to become or turn into nectar MW.
  380. पीवन् (pīvan) (pīvan)
    mf(%{arI})n. swelling, full, fat, strong, robust RV. &c. &c.
    (%{arI}) f. a young woman
    a cow, l.
    Asparagus Racemosus
    Desmodium Gangeticum Bhpr.
    N. of a spiritual daughter of the Barhi-shad Pitr2is and wife of Veda-s3iras Hariv.
    of a princess of Vidarbha Ma1rkP. [Cf. Gk. $ &193144[630,2] for $, $.]
  381. पीवर (pīvara) (pīvara)
    mfn. fat, stout, large, plump, thick, dense, full of or abounding with (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. a tortoise
    N. of one of the Saptarshis under Manu Ta1masa Ma1rkP.
    of a son of Dyuti-mat VP.
    (%{A}) f. Physalis Flexuosus
    Asparagus Racemosus Bhpr.
    N. of a daughter of the Gandharva Huhu Katha1s.
    n. N. of a Varsha in Kraun5ica-dvipa VP.
  382. पुंस् (puṃs) (puṃs)
    1 cl. 10. %{puMsayati}, to crush, grind Dha1tup. xxxii, 94 (Nom. fr. next?).
  383. पुंसवत् (puṃsavat) (puṃsavat)
    mfn. having a son Sa1n3khGr2. (cf. %{puMs-vat}) 2. ind. like (with) a man HParis3.
  384. पुंसवन (puṃsavana) (puṃsavana)
    mfn. bringing forth a male, producing a mmale child BhP. Car.
    n. (with or sc. %{vrata}), `" male-production rite "'N. of the 2nd of the 12 Sam2sksras performed in the third month of gestation and before the period of quickening Gr2S. MBh. &c. (cf. RTL. 353
    a fetus BhP.
    %{-prayoga} and %{-nA7di-prayora} m. N. of wks.
  385. पुङ्गव (puṅgava) (puṅgava)
    see p. 630, col. 3.
  386. पुच्छ (puccha) (puccha)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}, or %{I} cf. Pa1n2. 4-i, 55 Va1rtt. 1-3) a tail, the hinder part AV. &c.&c.
    last or extreme end (as of a year) S3a1n3khBr.
  387. पुञ्ज (puñja) (puñja)
    m. (mostly ifc.
    f. %{A}) a heap, mass, quantity, multitude MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  388. पुञ्जिक (puñjika) (puñjika)
    m. hail L.
  389. पुञ्जिकस्थला (puñjikasthalā) (puñjikasthalā)
    (VS. &c.),
  390. पुट (puṭa) (puṭa)
    m. n. a fold, pocket, hollow space, slit, concavity (ifc. f. %{A}) Mn. MBh. &c. (also %{I} f. S3a1ntis3s.)
    a cloth worn to cover the privities (also %{I} f.) W.
    a horse's hoof.
    an eyelid (cf. %{-bheda})
    m. a cup or basket or vessel made of leaves S3Br. (cf. %{USa-}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a casket (= %{sampuTa})
    the enveloping or wrapping of any substance (esp. for baking or heating it
    cf. %{puTa-pAka}) Bhpr.
    any cake or pastry filled with seasoning or stuffing of any kind ib.
    N. of a metre (= %{zkI-puTa})
    of a man g. %{azvA7di}
    n. a nutmeg
    two vessels joined together (for the sublimation of medicinal substances) W.
  391. पुटक (puṭaka) (puṭaka)
    m. a fold, pocket, slit, cavity Ka1v. Pur.
    a partic. position of the hands Cat.
    a bag or vessel made of a leaf doubled over in a funnelshape Ra1jat.
    (%{ikA}) f. a bag or vessel (cf. m.) Pan5c.
    a bi-valved shell
    n. a nutmeg
    a water-lily L.
  392. पुण्डरीक (puṇḍarīka) (puṇḍarīka)
    n. ( %{puN} [?]
    cf. Un2. iv, 20 Sch.) a lotus-flower (esp. a white lotus
    ifc. expressive of beauty cf. g. %{vyAghrA7di}) RV. &c.&c. (it is sacred to S3ikhin, one of the Buddhas MWB. 515)
    a white umbrella
    a kind of drug
    (m. or n. ?) a mark on the forehead S3atr.
    N. of a Ti1rtha MBh.
    m. a kind of sacrifice MBh.
    a species of rice Sus3r.
    a kind of fragrant mango
    Artemisia Indica
    a variety of the sugar-cane
    a tiger
    a kind of bird
    a kind of serpent
    a kind of leprosy
    fever in an elephant
    white (the colour)
    N. of a Na1ga MBh.
    of the elephant of the south-east quarter Ragh.
    of an ancient king MBh.
    of a son of Nabha or Nabhas Hariv.
    of a Bra1hman renowned for filial piety, and afterwards worshipped as the god Vit2hobl RTL. 263
    (with Jainas) of a Gan2a-dhara S3atr.
    of a hermit (son of Sveta-ketu and Lakshmi) Ka1d.
    of a poet Cat.
    of a mountain S3atr.
    (%{A}) f. N. of an Apsaras MBh.
    of a daughter of Vasisht2ha (wife of Pra7n2a or Pa1n2d2u) VP.
    of a river in Krau9n5ca-dvipa ib.
  393. पुण्ड्र (puṇḍra) (puṇḍra)
    m. N. of a son of the Daitya Bali (ancestor of the Pun2d2ras) MBh.
    (pl.)of a people and their country (the modern Bengal and Behar) AitBr. MBh. &c.
    of a son of Vasu-deva VP.
    sugar-cane (or a red viriety of it)
    Gaertnera Racemosa
    Ficus Infectoria
    Clerodendrum Phlomoides
    a white lotus-flower
    a worm
    m. or n. a mark or line made on the forehead with ashes or colouring substances to distinguish Vaishn2avas fr. S3aivas &c., a sectarian mark Ka1tyS3r. Sch. RTL. 66
    67 (cf. %{Urdhva-p-}, %{tri-p-})
    n. N. of a mythical city between the mountains Hima-vat and Hemaku1t2a Va1yuP.
  394. पुण्य (puṇya) (puṇya)
    mf(%{A})n. (perhaps fr. 2. %{pusk}, according to Un2. v, 15 from %{pU}
    see also %{puN}) auspicious, propitious, fair, pleasant, good, right, virtuous, meritorious, pure, holy, sacred RV. &c. &c.
    ni. N. of a poet Cat.
    of another man Buddh.
    m. or n. N. of a lake MBh.
    (%{A}) f. holy basil
    Physalis Flexuosa
    N. of a daughter of Kratu and Sam2nati VP.
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the good or right, virtue, purity, good work, meritorious act, moral or religious merit MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a religious ceremony (esp. one performed by a wife in order to retain her husband's affections and to obtain a son
    also %{-ka}) MBh. Hariv.
    a brick trough for watering cattle W.
  395. पुण्यभाजिन् (puṇyabhājin) (puṇyabhājin)
    (S3atr.) mfn. partaking of bliss, happy.
  396. पुण्याह (puṇyāha) (puṇyāha)
    n. a happy or auspicious day
    wishing a person a hhappy or auspicious day (%{-haM} with %{vac}, Caus. "' to wish a person [acc.] a hhappy or aauspicious day "') Br. Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c.
    %{-prayoga} m. %{-mantra}N. of wks.
    %{-vAcana} n. proclaiming or wishing an auspicious day MBh.
    N. of wk. (also %{-na-prayoga}, m.)
    mfn. Pa1n2. 5-1, 11 Va1rtt. 3 Pat.
    %{-zabda} (BhavP.) and %{-svana} (MBh.) m. = %{-vAcana} n.
  397. पुत्र (putra) (putra)
    m. (etym. doubtful, perhaps fr. 2. %{puS}
    traditionally said to be a comp. %{put-tra}, `" preserving from the hell called Put "' Mn. ix, 138) a son, child RV. &c. &c. (also the young of an animal
    cf. Pa1n2. 8-1, 15 Sch.
    ifc. it forms diminutives cf. %{dRSat-p-} and %{zilA-p-}
    voc. sg. du. pl. often used to address young persons, my son, my children &c. "'
    du. `" two sons "' or, a son and a daughter "'
    cf. Pa1n2. 1-2, 68)
    a species of small venomous animal (= %{putraka}) Cat.
    (in astrol.) N. of the fifth house Var.
    N. of a son of Brahmisht2ha Ragh.
    of a son of Priya-vrata VP. &c. &c.
    (%{I}) f. a daughter MBh. Hariv. &c.
    a doll or puppet (see %{dAru-putrI})
    ifc. used to form diminutives (see %{asi-putrI})
    a species of plant
    N. of Pa1rvati[Cf. Zd. {puthra}
    Gk. $ and Lat. {puer} (?).] &193862[632,3]
  398. पुत्रक (putraka) (putraka)
    m. a little son, boy, child (often used as a term of endearment
    ifc. f. %{ikA}) RV. &c. &c.
    a puppet, doll, figure of stone or wood or lac &c. (cf. %{kRtrima-}, %{jatu-}, %{zilA-}
    g. %{yAvA7di})
    a rogue, cheat
    a species of small venomous animal (enumerated among the Mu1shikas) Sus3r.
    a grasshopper
    a fabulous animal with 8 legs (= %{zarabha}) W.
    a species of tree
    a grinding-stone Gobh. Sch.
    N. of the supposed founder of Pa1t2aliputra Katha1s.
    of a mountain
    (%{akA}) f. = next Pa1n2. 7-3, 45 Va1rtt. 10 Pat.
  399. पुत्रवत् (putravat) (putravat)
    ind. like a son or sons, as with a son &c. Mn. MBh. -2. (%{putra4-}) mfn. having a son or sons or children VS. Mn. MBh. &c.
  400. पुत्रिका (putrikā) (putrikā)
    f. a daughter (esp. a ddaughter appointed to raise male issue to be adopted by a father who has no sons) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a puppet, doll, small statue Bhartr2. Katha1s.
    (ifc. = a diminutive
    cf. %{asikhaDga}.)
    the cotton or down of the tamarisk W.
  401. पुत्रिन् (putrin) (putrin)
    mf(%{i4NI})n. having a son or sons, possessing children (m. and f. the father or the mother of a son or of children generally) RV. &c. &c.
    (%{iNI}) f. Siphonantus Indica and another plant
    (with %{piDakA}) a pustule which has small pplant round it Sus3r.
    %{-Ny-Apta} mfn. born of one who is already mother of a son Mn. ix, 143.
  402. पुनर्भव (punarbhava) (punarbhava)
    mfn. born agagain BhP.
    ni. new birth, transmigration MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a finger-nail(cf. %{-nava})
    a species of Punar-nava1 with red flowers L.
  403. पुर् (pur) (pur)
    1 f. ( %{pRR}) only instr. pl. %{pUrbhi4s}, in abundance, abundantly RV. v, 66, 4. 3 f. (in nom. sg. and before consonants %{pUr}) a rampart, wall, stronghold, fortress, castle, city, town (also of demons) RV. &c. &c.
    the body (considered as the stronghold of the %{puruSa} q.v.) BhP.
    the intellect (= %{mahat}) VP.
    N. of a Das3a-ra1tra Ka1tyS3r. [Perhaps fr. %{pRR} and orig. identical with 1. %{pur}
    cf. Gk., $] &194684[635,2]
  404. पुरमथन (puramathana) (puramathana)
  405. पुरु (puru) (puru)
    mf(%{pUrvI4})n. ( %{pRR}) much, many, abundant (only %{purU8}, %{-rU4Ni}, %{-rUNAm} and sev. cases of f. %{pUrvI}
    in later language only ibc.) RV. &c. &c. (%{-ru84}. much, often, very [also with a compar. or superl.]
    with %{simA}, everywhere
    with %{tira4s}, far off, from afar
    %{purA7ru4}, far and wide
    %{puru4@vi4zva}, one and all, every RV.)
    m. the pollen of a flower
    heaven, paradise
    (cf. %{pUru}) N. of a prince (the son of Yaya1ti and S3armisht2ha1 and sixth monarch of the lunar race) MBh. S3ak.
    of a son of Vasu-deva and Saha-deva1 BhP.
    of a son of Madhu VP.
    of a son of Manu Ca1kshusha and Nad2vala1 Pur. [Cf. Old Pers. {paru}
    Gk. $
    Goth. {filu}
    Angl. Sax. {ftolu}
    Germ. {viel}.] &194957[636,2]
  406. पुरस्कार (puraskāra) (puraskāra)
    m. placing in front, honouring, preference, distinction Ka1v. Hit.
    accompanying, attending (ifc. `" preceded or accompanied by, joined or connected with, including "') MBh.
    arranging, putting in array, making complete W.
    attacking, assailing &c. ib.
  407. पुरस्कृत (puraskṛta) (puraskṛta)
    mfn. placed in front &c.
    honoured, esteemed, attended, accompanied by, possessed of, occupied with (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c. [634,3]
    attacked, assailed, accused &c.
    (%{am}) ind. among, amidst, with (comp.) MBh.
    %{-madhyama-krama} mfn. taking or adopting a middle course MW.
  408. पुराण (purāṇa) (purāṇa)
    mf(%{I} or %{A})n. belonging to ancient or olden times, ancient, old (also= withered, worn out, opp. to %{nUtana}, %{nava}) RV. &c. &c.
    m. a Karsha or measure of silver (= 16 Pan2as of cowries) Mn. viii, 136 (also n. L.)
    N. of a R2ishi Ka1t2h.
    pl. the ancients MW.
    n. a thing or event of the past, an ancient tale or legend, old traditional history. AV. &c. &c.
    N. of a class of sacred works (supposed to have been compiled by the poet Vya1sa and to treat of 5 topics [cf. %{paJca-lakSaNa}]
    the chief Pura1n2as are 18, grouped in 3 divisions: viz. 1. Ra1jasa exalting Brahma1 [e.g. the Brahma, Brahma7n2d2a, Brahmavaivarta, Ma1rkan2d2eya, Bhavishya, Va1mana]
    2. Sa1ttvika exalting Vishn2u [e.g. the Vishn2u, Bha1gavata, Na1radiya, Garud2a, Padma, Vara1ha]
    3. Ta1masa exalting Siva [e.g. the S3iva, Lin3ga, Skanda, Agni or in place of it the Va1yu, Matsya, Ku1rma]
    by some the PPadma are divided into 4, and by others into 6 groups
    cf. IW. 509 &c.)
    N. of wk. (containing an index of the contents of a number of PPadma and some other wks.)
  409. पुरीष (purīṣa) (purīṣa)
    n. ( %{pRR}) earth, land RV.
    (esp.) crumbling or loose earth, rubbish (perhaps `" that which fills up "', as opp. to that which flows off, `" the solid "' opp. to the fluid), rubble, anything used to fill up interstices in a wall VS. TS. S3Br. Gr2S3rS.
    feces, excrement, ordure S3Br. &c. &c. (ifc. f. %{I} BhP.)
    a disk, orb (e.g. %{sUryasya} i.e. `" fulness of the sun "' ?) RV. x, 27, 21
    (with %{AtharvaNa}) N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a partic. religious observance BhP. (= %{cayana} Sch.)
  410. पुरुष (puruṣa) (puruṣa)
    m. (m. c. also %{pU4r-}
    prob. fr. %{pRR} and connected with %{puru}, %{pUru} ifc. f. %{A}, rarely %{I}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-i, 24) a man, male, human being (pl. people, mankind) RV. &c. &c.
    a person, (%{pumAn@puruSaH}, a male person S3a1n3khGr2. Mn.
    %{daNDaHp-}, punishment personified Mn.
    esp. grammatical pers.
    with %{prathama}, %{madhyama}, %{uttama} = the 3rd, 2nd, 1st pers. Nir. Pa1n2.), an officer, functionary, attendant, servant Mn. MBh. &c. (cf. %{tat-p-})
    a friend
    a follower of the Sa1m2khya Philosophy (?)
    a member or representative of a race or generation TS. Br. Mn. &c.
    the height or measure of a man (= 5 Aratnis = 120 An3gulas) S3Br. S3ulbas. Var.
    the pupil of the eye S3Br.
    (also with %{nArAyaNa}) the primaeval man as the soul and original source of the universe (described in the Purusba-su7kta q.v.) RV. S3Br. &c.
    the personal and animating principle in men and other beings, the soul or spirit AV. &c. &c.
    the Supreme Being or Soul of the universe (sometimes with %{para}, %{parama}, or %{uttama}
    also identified with Brahma1, Vishn2u, S3iva and Durga1) VS. S3Br. &c. &c.
    (in Sa1m2kbya) the Spirit as passive and a spectator of the Prakr2iti or creative force IW. 82 &c.
    the, `" spirit "' or fragrant exhalation of plants RV. x, 51, 8
    (with %{sapta}) N. of the divine or active principles from the minute portions of which the universe was formed Mn. i, 19
    N. of a Pa1da in the Mahsna1mni1 verses La1t2y.
    of the Ist, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th signs of the zodiac Jyot.
    of a son of Manu Ca1kshusha BhP.
    of one of the 18 attendants of the sun
    pl. men, people (cf. above)
    N. of the Bra1hmans of Kraun5ca-dvipa BhP.
    (with %{paJca}) N. of 5 princely personages or miraculous persons born under partic. constellations, Var
    Rottleria Tinctoria
    Clerodendrum Phlomoides
    (%{I}) f. a woman, female RV. &c. &c.
    m. or n. = %{puruSaka} m. n. S3is3. v, 56 Sch.
    n. (!) N. of mount Meru L.
  411. पुरुषता (puruṣatā) (puruṣatā)
    (%{-Sa4-}) f. manhood, manliness
    ind. (as instr.) after the manner of men, among men RV. [637,2]
  412. पुरुषपुर (puruṣapura) (puruṣapura)
    n. N. of the capital of Ga1ndha1ra, the modern Pesha1war ($ L.
  413. पुरुषोत्तम (puruṣottama) (puruṣottama)
    see below. m. the best of men, an excellent or superior man Hariv. Sa1h.
    the best of servants, a good attendant Ka1v.
    the highest being, Supreme SpiritN. of Vishnu or Kr2ishn2a MBh. Ka1v. &c. (IW. 91 n. 3 &c.)
    = %{-kSetra} Cat.
    (with Jainas) an Arhat
    N. of the fourth black Va1sudeva
    a Jina (one of the generic terms for a deified teacher of the Jaina sect)
    N. of sev. authors and various men (also %{-dAsa}, %{-dIkSita}, %{-deva}, %{-deva-zarman}, %{-paNDita}, %{-prasAda}, %{-bhaTTa}, %{-bhaTTA7tmaja}, %{-bhAraty-AcArya}, %{-mizra}, %{-manu-sudhIndra}, %{-sarasvatI} %{-mA7cAya}, %{-mA7nanda-tIrtha}, %{-mA7nanda-yati}, %{-mA7zrama}).
  414. पुरूरवस् (purūravas) (purūravas)
    mfn. crying much or loudly RV. i, 31, 4
    m. N. of an ancient king of the lunar race (the lover of Urvas3i1 [cf. RV. x, 95 S3Br. xi, 5, 1 and Kalida1sa's drama Vikramorvas3i1], son of Budha and Il2a1, father of A1yus and ancestor of Puru Duhyanta, Bharata, Kuru, Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra and Pa1n2d2u, supposed to have instituted the 3 sacrificial fires [VS. v, 2]
    according to Nir. x, 46 he is one of the beings belonging to the middle region of the universe, and is possibly to be connected with the Sun as Urvas3i1 is with the Dawn
    according to others a Vis3va-deva or a Pa1rvan2a-s3ra1ddha-deva) RV. &c. &c
  415. पुरोगम (purogama) (purogama)
    mfn. = %{-ga} MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  416. पुरोचन (purocana) (purocana)
    m. N. of a man MBh.
  417. पुरोधस् (purodhas) (purodhas)
    m. `" placed at the head "', chief priest of a king, domestic chaplain MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of a man Sam2ska1rak.
  418. पुरोभागिन् (purobhāgin) (purobhāgin)
    mfn. taking the first share, obtrusive, forward Ka1lid.
    grudging, censorious, malevolent Ra1jat.
  419. पुरोहित (purohita) (purohita)
    (%{puro-}.) mfn. placed foremost or in front, charged, commissioned, appointed
    m. one holding a charge or commission, an agent
    (esp.) a family priest, a domestic chaplain RV. &c. &c. (RTL. 352 &c.)
    %{-karman} n. N. of 3rd Paris3. of AV.
    %{-tva} n. the rank of a Purohita MBh.
  420. पुल (pula) (pula)
    mfn. extended, wide
    m. horripilation (see under %{pulaka})
    N. of an attendant of Siva
    (%{A}) f. the soft palate or uvula
    N. of a partic. pace of horses S3is3. v, 60. Sch.
    (%{I}) f. a bunch (see %{tRNa-pulI})
    n. size, extent L.
  421. पुलक (pulaka) (pulaka)
    m. a species of edible plant MBh.
    a species of tree
    (pl.) erection or bristling of the hairs of the body (considered to be occasioned by delight or rapture rather than by fear) Ka1v. Pur. (also n. but mostly occurring ibc. and ifc. with f. %{A})
    a bunch (see %{tRNa-p-})
    a kind of stone or gem Var.
    flaw or defect in a gem
    a kind of insect or vermin
    a cake of meal with which elephants are fed
    a Gandharva
    = %{asurAjI} (?)
    N. of a prince VP.
    of a Na1ga
    n. a species of earth
    horripilation (cf. above)
    %{-kA7kulA7kRti} mfn. `" having the frame excited by bristling hair "', thrilled with joy MW.
    %{-kA7Gkita-savA7Gga} mf(%{I})n. having the whole body covered with bristling hair Pan5c.
    %{-kA7Gkura} m. (sprout of) bbristling hhair Gi1t.
    %{-kA7Gga} m. the noose or cord of Varun2a
    %{-kA7cita} mfn. covered with bbristling hhair S3ak. (Pi.) iii, 12 (v.l. %{-kA7ncita})
    %{-kA7laya} m. N. of Kubera
    %{-ko7kampa} mfn. trembling with a thrill of delight Katha1s.
    %{-kA7dgama} m. erection of the hair Bhartr2.
    %{-kA7ddhUSita-zarIra} (B. %{dhRSita-z-}) mfn. having she body covered with erected hairs Pan5c.
    %{-kA7dbheda}, m.= %{-kA7dgama} Bhartr2.
  422. पुलकित (pulakita) (pulakita)
    mfn. having the hhair of the bbristling erect, thrilled with joy Ka1v. Pan5c. Hit.
    %{-sarvA7Gga} mf(%{I})n. having the whole bbristling covered with bristling hair Pan5c.
  423. पुलस्त्य (pulastya) (pulastya)
    m. N. of an ancient R2ishi (one of the mind-born sons of Brahma1
    also enumerated among the Praja1-patis and seven sages, and described as a lawgiver) AV. Paris3. Pravar. Mn. MBh. &c. (IW. 517 n. 1)
    N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    %{-siddhA7nta} m. %{-smRti} f. %{-tyA7STaka} n. N. of wks.
  424. पुलह (pulaha) (pulaha)
    m. (%{pula} + 2. %{hA}) N. of an ancient R2ishi (one of the mind-born sons of Brahma1 enumerated among the Praja1-patis and seven sages) AV.Paris3. Pravar. Mn. MBh. &c. (IW: 517 n. 1)
    N. of a star Hariv.
    N. of S3ivi S3ivag.
    %{-hA7zrama} m. N. of a hermitage BhP. (= %{harikSetra} Sch.)
  425. पुलिन्द (pulinda) (pulinda)
    m. pl. (Un2. iv, 85) N. of a barbarous tribe AitBr. MBh. &c.
    (sg.) a man or the king of this tribe
    a barbarian, mountaineer MBh. Katha1s.
    N. of a king BhP.
    the mast or rib of a ship (= %{polinda})
    (%{A}) f. N. nf a serpent-maid Ka1ran2d2.
    (%{I}) f. a Pulinda woman BhP.
    (in music)N. of a Ra1ga.
  426. पुलोमन् (puloman) (puloman)
    m. N. of a demon (the father-in-law of Indra by whom he was destroyed) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a prince VP.
  427. पुष्कर (puṣkara) (puṣkara)
    n. (rather fr. %{puSka} + %{ra} than fr. %{puS} + %{kara}
    but cf. Un2. iv, 4) a blue lotus-flower, a lotus, Nelumbium Speciosum or Nymphaea Nelumbo (ifc. f. %{A}) AV. &c. &c. (met. `" the heart "' MBh. v, 1790)
    the bowl of a spoon (ifc. f. %{A}) RV. Br. Gr2S3rS.
    the skin of a drum Ka1lid.
    the tip of an elephant's trunk Var.
    water S3Br.
    the sky, heaven Prab. (of Naigh. i, 3)
    a night of new moon falling on a Monday or Tuesday or Saturday Hcat.
    an arrow
    the blade or the sheath of a sword
    a cage
    Costus Speciosus or Arabicus
    a part
    the art of dancing
    war, battle
    N. of a celebrated place of pilgrimage (now called Pokhar in the district of Ajmere cf. RTL. 558) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c. (also pl.
    according to Vishn2. Sch. there are three, viz. %{jyeSTha}, %{madhyama} and %{kaniSTha})
    m. n. = %{-dvIpa} MBh. Pur.
    = %{brahmA7NDa} Ni1lak.
    (with Jainas) one of the 5 Bha1rata
    m. Ardea Sibirica Pan5c.
    (in astrol.) an inauspicious Yoga, an ill-omened combination of a lucky lunation with an unlucky day, 3/4 of a lunar mansion W.
    a kind of drum MBh.
    a kind of serpent
    the sun
    a pond, lake
    a kind of disease
    the regent of PPokhar-dvipa (below) Ma1rkP.
    N. of Kr2ishn2a MBh.
    of S3iva S3ivag.
    of a son of Varun2a MBh. Pur.
    of a general of the sons and grandsons of Varun2a
    of an Asura Hariv.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a BhP.
    of a Buddha Lalit.
    of a prince (the brother of Nala) Nal.
    of a son of Bharata VP.
    of Su-nakshatra BhP.
    of a son of Vr2ika and Du1rva7kshi ib.
    of an author Cat.
    of a mountain in PPokhar-dvipa MBh.
    m. pl. N. of a class of clouds said to occasion dearth and famine(cf. %{puSkarA7vartaka})
    of the inhabtants of Kus3a-dvipa corresponding to Brihmans VP.
    of the lunar mansions Punar-vasu, Uttarasha1dha1, Kr2ittika1, Uttara-phaguuni1, Pu1rva-bha1drapada1 and Vis3a1kha1 collectively
    (%{I}) f. (g. %{gaurA7di}) N. of one of the 8 wives of S3iva Cat. (perhaps w.r. for %{puSkasI} i.e. %{pulkasI}).
  428. पुष्करावती (puṣkarāvatī) (puṣkarāvatī)
    f. `" abounding in lotuses "'N. of a town (= the $ $ of the ancients and the Pousekielofati of Hiouen-Thsang) R. Katha1s. Pur. (cf. Pa1n2. 6-3, 119 Sch.)
    a form of Da1ksha1yan2i MatsyaP.
  429. पुष्कल (puṣkala) (puṣkala)
    mf(%{A})n. (cf. %{puSka}) much, many, numerous, copious, abundant MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    rich, magnificent, full, complete, strong, powerful, excellent, best AV. &c. &c.
    loud, resonant, resounding MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    m. (v.l. %{-kara}) a kind of drum MBh.
    (in music) a Partic. stringed instrument
    N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    of a son of Varun2a
    of an Asura Hariv.
    of a R2ishi Cat.
    of a son of Bharata R.
    of a Buddha Lalit.
    of a Tirtha (rather n.)
    pl. N. of, people Ma1rkP.
    of the military caste in Kus3advipa VP.
    (%{I}) f. g. %{gaurA7di}
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) the bowl of a spoon Gr2ihya1s. (v.l. %{-kara})
    a partic. measure of capacity (= 8 Kun5cis = 64 handfuls) A1pS3r. Sch.
    a partic. weight of gold Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
    alms to the exient of 4 mouthfuls of food W (rather m.) N. of mount Meru L.
  430. पुष्कलावत (puṣkalāvata) (puṣkalāvata)
    m. an inhabitant of Pushkala1-vati Var. (also %{-taka})
    N. of an ancient physician (v.l. %{pauSk-}) Cat.
    n. N. of the residence of Pushkala (son of Bharata) R.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a city (= %{puSkarA-vatI}).
  431. पुष्ट (puṣṭa) (puṣṭa)
    mfn. nourished, cherished, well-fed, thriving, strong, fat, full, complete, perfect, abundant, rich, great, ample Mn. MBh. &c.
    rich in, blessed with (instr.) Das3.
    full-sounding, loud Hariv.
    burnt W. (w.r. for %{pluSTa}?)
    incubated, brooded over MW.
    n. growth, increase, gain, acquisition, wealth, property (esp. of children or cattle) RV. VS. AV.
  432. पुष्टि (puṣṭi) (puṣṭi)
    (or %{puSTi}, esp. RV.) f. well-nourished condition, fatness, plumpness, growth, increase, thriving, prosperity, wealth, opulence, comfort RV. &c. &c.
    breeding, rearing (esp. of cattle
    also with %{pazoH}) RV. TS. S3Br.
    development, fulness, completeness Sa1h.
    N. of a partic. ceremony performed for the attainment of welfare or prosperity Cat.
    N. of a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma MBh. Hariv. Pur. [639,2]
    of the mother of Lobha Ma1rkP.
    of a ddaughter of Dhruva VP.
    of a ddaughter of Paurn2ama1sa ib.
    of a S3akti Hcat.
    one of the 16 Ma1tr2ika1s or divine mothers
    of a Kala1 of the moon BrahmaP.
    of a Kala1 of Prakr2iti and wwife of Gan2e7s3a BrahmaP.
    of a form of Daksha1yani1 MatsyaP.
    of a form of Sarasvati1 W.
    Physalis Flexuosa L.
  433. पुष्प (puṣpa) (puṣpa)
    n. (for %{puSka}?) a flower, blossom (ifc. f. %{A}, in names of plants oftener %{I}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 64 Va1rtt. 1) AV. &c. &c.
    the menstrual flux Sus3r.
    a partic. disease of the eye, albugo Sus3r.
    a spot on the nails and teeth Car.
    (in dram.) gallantry, politeness, declaration of love Das3ar. Sa1h. Prata1p.
    N. of a Sa1man Ta1n2d2Br. La1t2y.
    of a book, Divya7iv.
    a kind of perfume
    the vehicle of Kubera
    blooming, expanding
    m. a topaz R.
    N. of a serpent-demon MBh.
    of a son of S3list2i Hariv.
    of a son of S3an3kha ib. (C. %{puSya})
    of a Bodhi-sattva(?) Lalit.
    of a mountain Ma1rkP.
    of a book (prob. = %{puSpa-sUtra}), Divya4v.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the town Campa1 L.
  434. पुष्पक (puṣpaka) (puṣpaka)
    m. a kind of serpent Sus3r.
    N. of a mountain Ma1rkP.
    (%{ikA}) f. the tartar of the teeth
    the mucus of the tongue. Gal.
    the mucus of the glans penis or urethra
    the last words of a chapter (which state the subject treated therein)
    n. (rarely m.) N. of the self-moving aerial car of Kubera (also %{-vimAna} n.
    it was carried off by the demon Ra1van2a and constantly used by him till he was slain by Ra1ma-candra, who then employed the car to transport himself and Si1ta1 back to Ayodhya1) MBh. R. &c.
    N. of a forest Hariv.
    calx of brass or green vitriol used as a collyrium
    a bracelet (esp. one of jewels)
    a small earthen fire-place or furnace on wheels
    a cup or vessel of iron
    a partic. disease of the eyes (albugo)
  435. पुष्पिन् (puṣpin) (puṣpin)
    mfn. bearing flowers, flowering, blossoming RV. &c. &c.
    florid, flowery (as speech) BhP.
    (%{iNI}) f. (a woman) in menstruation or desirous of sexual intercourse Ka1v. BhP.
  436. पुष्पित (puṣpita) (puṣpita)
    mf(%{A})n. flowered, bearing flowers, blooming, in bloom MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    having marks like flowers, variegated, spotted, (said of bad teeth) Car.
    exhaling an odour indicative of approaching death ib.
    completely manifested, fully developed Katha1s.
    florid, flowery (as speech) Bhag.
    m. N. of a Buddha Lalit.
    (%{A}) f. a menstruous woman L.
  437. पुष्पिताग्र (puṣpitāgra) (puṣpitāgra)
    mfn. covered at the extremities with flowers or blossoms MBh. Gi1t.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a metre.
  438. पुष्य (puṣya) (puṣya)
    n. nourishment (pl.) Car.
    the blossom or flower i.e. the uppermost or best of anything (cf. Gk. &196071[640,2] $
    Lat. {flos}) RV.
    (%{puSyA}) m. N. of the 6th (or 8th, but see %{nakSatra}) lunar asterism (also called Sidhya and Tishya) AV. &c. &c.
    (= %{-yoga}), the conjunction of the moon with Pushya Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of the month Pausha VP.
    of the Kali-yuga or fourth age W.
    of one of the 24 mythical Buddhas MWB. 136 n. 1
    of various princes VP.
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
    (%{puSyA4}) f. a species of plant AV.
    the asterism Pushya L.
  439. पुस्तक (pustaka) (pustaka)
    m. or n. a protuberant ornament, boss (see below)
    mf(%{ikA})n. a manuscript, book, booklet Hariv. Ka1v. Var. &c.
  440. पूजन (pūjana) (pūjana)
    n. reverencing, honouring, worship, respect, attention, hospitable reception ib. (%{mAlikA} f. N. of wk.)
    an object of reverence Pa1n2. 8-1, 67
    (%{I}) f. = %{-janIyA} f. MBh. Hariv.
    a hen-sparrow L.
  441. पूजा (pūjā) (pūjā)
    f. honour, worship, respect, reverence, veneration, homage to superiors or adoration of the gods Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c.
  442. पूज्य (pūjya) (pūjya)
    mfn. = %{-janIya} (superl. %{-tama}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. an honourable man Car.
    a father-in-law L.
  443. पूत (pūta) (pūta)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see %{pUy}, p. 641) cleaned, purified, pure, clear, bright RV. &c. &c.
    m. (L.) a conch-shell
    white Kus3a grass
    Flacourtia Sapida
    du. the buttocks (cf. %{puta})
    (%{A}) f. a species of Du1rva1 grass
    N. of Durga1[Cf. Lat. {pU7tus}, {pUrus}.]
  444. पूत (pūta) (pūta)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see %{pUy}, p. 641) cleaned, purified, pure, clear, bright RV. &c. &c.
    m. (L.) a conch-shell
    white Kus3a grass
    Flacourtia Sapida
    du. the buttocks (cf. %{puta})
    (%{A}) f. a species of Du1rva1 grass
    N. of Durga1[Cf. Lat. {pU7tus}, {pUrus}.]
  445. पूतन (pūtana) (pūtana)
    m. a partic. class of demons or spirits (also = %{vetAla}), Ma1latim. Ba1lar. SaddhP.
    (%{A}) f. see next.
  446. पूति (pūti) (pūti)
    1 f. (for 2. see col. 3) purity, purification S3Br. MBh.2 mfn. (for 1. see col. 1) putrid, foul-smelling, stinking, fetid, ill-smelling AV. &c. &c. (after a finite verb expressive of blame or censure e.g. %{pacati} %{pUti} or %{pUtiH}, PIn2. viii, 1, 69 Pat.)
    m. purulent matter, pus MBh. ix, 2259
    Guilandina Bonduc Bhpr.
    f. a stench, stink W.
    n. a species of grass L.
  447. पूय (pūya) (pūya)
    m. n. purulent matter, pus, suppuration, discharge from an ulcer or wound S3Br. &c. &c.
  448. पूर (pūra) (pūra)
    mfn. ( %{pRR}, Caus.) filling, making full (cf. %{pANi-})
    fulfilling, satisfying (cf. %{kAma-})
    m. the act of filling, fulfilling &c. Ka1v. Pur.
    the swelling or rising of a river or of the sea, a large quantity of water, flood, stream (also met. = abundance, high degree, esp. ifc.) Ka1v. Sus3r. &c. [642,1]
    a cake R. (cf. %{ghRta-})
    a kind of breath-exercise = %{pUraka} below BhP.
    the cleansing of a wound(cf. %{pUraNa})
    the citron tree (= %{bIja-pUra})
    (%{I}) f. N. of a woman Cat.
    n. a kind of incense
    mf(%{A})n. a sort of unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil W. (cf. %{pUrikA} below).
  449. पूरक (pūraka) (pūraka)
    mfn. filling, completing, fulfilling, satisfying (ifc. or with gen.
    cf. Pa1n2. 2-3, 70 Ka1s3.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. flood, stream, effusion BhP.
    (in arithm.) the multiplier
    a ball of meal offered at the conclusion of the oblations to the Pitr2is(also pin2d2a m. Kull. on Mn. v, 85)
    closing the right nostril with the forefinger and then drawing up air through the left and then closing the left nostril and drawing up air through the right (as a religious exercise) RTL. 402
    the citron tree
    (%{ikA}) f. a sort of cake MBh. Ya1jn5. (%{-kA7pUpa}) Bhpr. &c.
  450. पूरण (pūraṇa) (pūraṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. filling, completing, satisfying causing, effecting Ka1tyS3r. S3am2k. Hariv.
    drawing (a bow) MW.
    m. `" completer "'N. of the masculine ordinal numbers from %{dvitIya} upwards Pa1n2. 2-2, 11 &c.
    a dam, bridge
    the sea
    a medicinal oil or embrocation
    N. of a man A1s3vS3r.
    (with the patr. %{vaizvAmitra})N. of the author of RV. x, 160
    (%{I}) f. an ordinal number in the feminine gender Pa1n2. v, 4, 116 &c.
    Bonibax Heptaphyllum
    (du.) the cross threads in weaving cloth, warp Ra1jat.
    N. of Durga1 MW.
    of one of the two wives of the popular deity Ayena1r RTL. 219 (%{pU4r-}) n. the act or filling or filling up, puffing or swelling up AV. &c. &c.
    fulfilling, satisfying Ma1lav.
    furnishing, equipping Var.
    (with %{dhanuSaH}) drawing or bending a bow to the full MBh. R.
    (in medic.) injection of fluids or supplying with food
    (in astron.) the revolution of a heavenly body through its orbit Su1ryas.
    (in arithm.) multiplication
    a sort of cake Bhpr.
    Cyperus Rotundus
    the cross threads in weiving cloth, warp L.
  451. पूरित (pūrita) (pūrita)
    mfn. filled, completed &c.
    made full or strong, intensified (as a sound) MBh.
    filled with wind, blown (as a conch) BhP.
    multiplied, overspread W.
  452. पूर्ण (pūrṇa) (pūrṇa)
    mfn. filled with tears.
  453. पूर्णिमा (pūrṇimā) (pūrṇimā)
    f. the night or day of full moon Ra1jat. Su1ryas.
    %{-dina} n. the day of ffull mmoon Pan5cat. (%{-NimA7nta} m. the end of the day of ffull mmoon MW.)
    %{-manoratha-vrata} n. N. of a partic. observance Cat.
  454. पूर्त (pūrta) (pūrta)
    mfn. filled, full, complete, completed, perfected Pur.
    (%{iSTaz@ca@pUrtaz@ca@dharmau} = %{iSTApUrta} q.v. Ma1rkP.)
    covered, concealed
    n. fulfilling, fulfilment
    granting, rewarding, a reward, merit, a meritorious work, an act of pious liberality (such as feeding a Bra1hman, digging a well &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    keeping, guarding
    N. of wk. (also %{-kamabA7kara})
    %{-dharma} (w.r. %{pUrNa-dh-}) m. a meritorious work (cf. %{pUrta}) Ma1rkP.
    %{-prakAza} m. %{mAlA} f. %{-to4ddyota} m. N. of wks.
  455. पूर्वक (pūrvaka) (pūrvaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. earlier, former, previous, prior, first MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{strI-p-}, `" one who was formerly a woman "', %{bhUta-p-}, `" having been before "'
    ifc. also = preceded or accompanied by, connected with, consisting in
    %{am} ind. = after, with, amid, according to)
    m. a forefather, ancestor Hariv. R. Ma1rkP.
  456. पूर्वनिपात (pūrvanipāta) (pūrvanipāta)
    m. (in gram.) the irregular priority of a word in a comp. [643,3]
  457. पूर्वफल्गुनी (pūrvaphalgunī) (pūrvaphalgunī)
    f. `" the first Phalguni "'N. of the 11th Nakshatra (cf. %{uttara-phalgunI}) VP. Un2. Sch.
    %{-bhava} m. N. of Br2ihas-pati or the planet Jupiter L.
  458. पूर्व (pūrva) (pūrva)
    mf(%{A})n. (connected with %{purA}, %{puras}, %{pra}, and declined like a pron. when implying relative position whether in place or time, but not necessarily in abl. loc. sg. m. n. and nom. pl. m.
    see Pa1n2. 1-1, 27
    vii, 1, 16) being before or in front fore, first RV. &c. &c.
    eastern, to the east of (abl.) ib.
    former, prior, preceding, previous to, earlier than (abl. or comp.) ib. (%{gaja-pUrva}, preceding the number `" eight "' i.e. seven, the seventh S3rutab.
    %{mAsena@p-}, or %{mAsa-p-}, earlier by a month Pa1n2. 2-1, 31
    ifc. often = formerly or before e.g. %{strI-p-}, fformerly a wife
    %{ADhya-p-}, fformerly wealthy
    esp. after a pp. e.g. %{kRta-p-}, done before, %{dRSTa-p-}, seen bbefore
    ifc. also preceded or accompanied by, attended with e.g. %{smita-pUrvA-vAk}, speech accompanied by smiles
    sometimes not translatable e.g. %{mRdu-pUrvA@vAk}, kind speech)
    ancient, old, customary, traditional RV. &c. &c.
    first (in a series), initial, lowest (opp. to %{uttara}
    with %{dama} or %{sAhasa} `" the lowest fine "') Mn. viii, 120 &c.
    (with %{vayas}) `" first age "', youth MBh.
    foregoing, aforesaid, mentioned before (abl.) Mn. MBh. Pa1n2.
    m. an ancestor, forefather (pl. the ancients, ancestors) RV. &c. &c.
    an elder brother R.
    N. of a prince BhP.
    (%{A}) f. (with or sc. %{diz}) the east MBh. R.
    N. of a country to the east of Madhya-des3a
    of the Nakshatras Pu1rva-phalgunt, Pu1rva7sha1d2ha1 and Pu1rvabhadrapada1 collectively Var.
    n. the fore part S3ak. ii, 4 (cf. Pa1n2. 2-2, 1)
    a partic. high number (applied to a period of years) Buddh.
    N. of the most ancient of Jaina writings (of which 14 are enumerated)
    N. of a Tantra Cat.
    an ancient tradition W.
    (%{am}) ind. before (also as a prep. with abl.), formerly, hitherto, previously (sometimes with pres.) RV. &c. &c. (often ibc. e.g. %{pUrva-kArin}, active before, %{pUrvo7kta}, said bbefore
    also ifc. in the sense of `" with "' e.g. %{prIti-pUrvam}, with love
    %{mati-pUrvam} with intention, intentionally
    %{mRdu-pUrva-bhAS}, to speak kindly
    cf. above
    also with an ind. p. e.g. %{pUrva-bhojam}, or %{-bhuktvA}, having eaten bbefore Pa1n2. 3-4, 24
    %{adya-p-}, until now, hitherto
    ppreviously %{-tataH}, first-then
    %{pUrva-pazcAt}, previously-afterwards
    %{pUrva-upari}, previously-subsequently
    %{pUrva-adhUnA} or %{adya}, formerly-now)
    (%{eNa}) ind. in front, before
    eastward, to the east of (opp. to %{apareNa}, with gen. or acc.
    cf. Pa1n2. 5-3, 35 Sch.) S3Br. &c. &c.
    (with %{tataH}) `" to the east of that "' MBh.
  459. पूर्वाषाढा (pūrvāṣāḍhā) (pūrvāṣāḍhā)
    f. the first of two constellations called Asha1d2ha1 (the 18th or 20th Nakshatra or lunar asterism) Var. Pur.
    %{-Dha-janana-zAnti} f. N. of wk.
  460. पूर्वाह्ण (pūrvāhṇa) (pūrvāhṇa)
    m. the earlier part of the day, forenoon (mostly loc.
    sometimes incorrectly %{pUrvA7hna}) RV. &c. &c.
    (%{-hNa-kAle} or %{-hNe-k-}, %{-hNa-tare} or %{-hNe-t-}, %{-hNa-tame} or %{-hNe-t-} [Pa1n2. 6-3, 17 Sch.], %{-hNe-tarAm} or %{-tamAm} [v, 4, 11 Sch.] ind. in the forenoon
    %{-hNa-kRta} mfn. = %{-hNe-kR-} [ii, 1, 45 Sch.], to be done in the fformerly
    %{-hNA7parA7hNayoH} ind. in the fformerly and afternoon La1t2y. Gobh.
    %{-hNe-geya} mfn. [ii, 1, 43 Sch.] to be sung in the fformerly)
    %{-hNaka} m. `" born in the forenoon "'N. of a man Pa1n2. 4-3, 28
    %{-hNatana} or %{-hNe-tana} (vi, 3, 17 Sch.) mfn. belonging or relating to the forenoon
    %{-hNika} mf(%{I})n. id. MBh.
    n. a matutinal ceremony or sacrifice = %{p--kriyA} (or %{-vidhi}) MBh.
  461. पूर्विन् (pūrvin) (pūrvin)
    mfn. id. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-4, 133, and see %{a-}, %{daza-}, %{strI-p-}).
  462. पूषन् (pūṣan) (pūṣan)
    m. (the %{a} not lengthened in the strong cases, but acc. %{-SANam}, in Ma1rkP.) N. of a Vedic deity (originally connected with the sun, and therefore the surveyor of all things, and the conductor on journeys and on the way to the next world, often associated with Soma or the Moon as protector of the universe
    he is, moreover, regarded as the keeper of flocks and herds and bringer of prosperity
    in the Bra1hman2as he is represented as having lost his teeth and feeding on a kind of gruel, whence he is called %{karambhA7d}
    in later times he is one of the 12 A1dityas and regent of the Nakshatra Revati1 or Paushn2a
    du. `" Pu1shan and Aryaman "' VP. Sch.)
    the sun Ka1d. Ba1lar.
    (?) growth, increase (cf. %{pUSa-rAti})
    the earth
  463. पृक्त (pṛkta) (pṛkta)
    %{pRkti} see under 1. %{pRc}. (%{vi4-}) mfn. separated, divided ib. i, 163, 3.
  464. पृच्छक (pṛcchaka) (pṛcchaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. ( %{prach}) one who asks or inquires about (gen.) Ya1jn5. S3ak. Pan5c.
    inquiring into the future VarBr2S.
    m. an inquirer, inquisitive person W.
  465. पृच्छा (pṛcchā) (pṛcchā)
    f. asking, questioning (acc.), question about (comp.) Ka1v.
    an inquiry into the future VarBr2S.
  466. पृतना (pṛtanā) (pṛtanā)
    f. battle, contest, strife RV. VS. Br.
    a hostile armament, army RV. &c. &c. (in later times esp. a small army or division consisting of 243 elephants, as many chariots, 729 horse, and 1215 foot= 3 Vahini1s)
    pl. men, mankind Naigh. ii. 3.
  467. पृत् (pṛt) (pṛt)
    f. (only in loc. pl. %{pRtsu4}, in one place [i, 129, 4] %{pRtsu4Su} RV.
    but according to Vop. also in other cases, viz. %{pRtas}, %{pRtA}, %{pRdbhyAm}) battle, contest, strife.
  468. पृथ (pṛtha) (pṛtha)
    m. the flat or palm of the hand S3Br.
    a partic. measure (the length of the hhand from the tip of the fingers to the knuckles, or = 13 An3gulis) Ka1tyS3r.
    (%{A}) f. see below.
  469. पृथक्त्व (pṛthaktva) (pṛthaktva)
    n. id. S3a1n3khS3r. Nir. MBh. &c. (cf. IW.68)
    (%{ena}) ind. singly, one by one MBh.
    %{-tas} (S3a1n3khS3r.) and %{-zas} (Nya1yam. Sch.), separately, singly.
  470. पृथु (pṛthu) (pṛthu)
    mf(%{vI4} or %{u})n. broad, wide, expansive, extensive, spacious, large
    great, important
    ample, abundant
    copious, numerous, manifold RV. &c. &c. (%{u} ind.)
    prolix, detailed Var.
    smart, clever, dexterous
    m. a partic. measure of length (= %{pRtha})
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    of one of the Vis3ve Deva1s VP.
    of a Da1nava Hariv.
    of a son of An-enas MBh. Hariv.
    of a Vr2ishn2i and son of Citraka ib.
    of a son of Citra-ratha BhP.
    of a descendant of Ikshva1ku (son of An-aran2ya and father of Tri-s3an3ku) R.
    of a son of Para Hariv.
    of a son of Prasta1ra VP.
    of a son of Rucaka BhP.
    of a son of one of the Manus Hariv.
    of one of the Saptarshis ib.
    of a son of Vat2e7s3vara (father of Vis3a1kha-datta) Cat.
    of a son of Ven2a MWB. 423
    of a monkey R.
    (%{u}) f. Nigella Indica
    = %{hiGgu-pattrI}
    (%{vI}) f. see below. [Cf. Gk. $
    Germ. {platt}
    Eng. {plate}.]
  471. पृथिवी (pṛthivī) (pṛthivī)
    f. (= %{pRthvI} f. of %{pRthu}) the earth or wide world (`" the broad and extended One "', personified as %{devI} and often invoked together with the sky [cf. 3. %{div} and %{dyAvA-pRthivI} RTL. 182]
    according to VP. daughter of %{pRthu}
    the Veda makes 3 earths, one called %{bhUmi}, inhabited by men, and a under it
    there is also an earth between the world of men and the circumambient ocean [S3Br.] and one extending through the 3 worlds [Naigh.]) RV. &c. &c.
    land, ground, soil ib.
    earth regarded as one of the elements Prab. Sus3r. [646,2]
    = %{antarikSa} Naigh. i, 3
    %{-vyA@vrata} and %{saMsarpa} n. N. of Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  472. पृथिवीपति (pṛthivīpati) (pṛthivīpati)
    m. `" eexercises-lord "', a prince, king TBr. Mn. &c.
    N. of Yama
    (with %{sUri}) N. of an author Cat.
    a species of bulbous plant growing on the Hima7laya L.
  473. पृथुल (pṛthula) (pṛthula)
    mf(%{A})n. broad, large, great MBh. S3is3. Katha1s.
    m. v.l. for %{pRthulA7kSa} VP.
    (%{A}) f. a species of plant (= %{hiGgu-pattrI}) L.
  474. पृषत् (pṛṣat) (pṛṣat)
    mf(%{atI})n. spotted, speckled, piebald, variegated AV. VS. Br. Gr2S3rS.
    sprinkling W.
    m. the spotted antelope R. (cf. g. %{vyAghrA7di}, where Ka1s3. %{pRSata})
    a drop of water (only pl.
    %{-tAm@pati} m. `" lord of the drops of wwater "', the wind) S3is3. vi, 55
    (%{atI}) f. a dappled cow or mare (applied to the animals ridden by the Maruts) RV. VS. S3Br. S3rS.
    a spotted doe MBh. R. &c.
    = %{pArSatI}, the daughter of Pr2ishata MBh. i, 6390
    n. a drop of water or any other liquid Hariv. BhP.
  475. पृषत (pṛṣata) (pṛṣata)
    mfn. having white spots, speckled, variegated
    (%{-ta4}) m. the spotted antelope VS. &c. &c. (%{I} f. see under %{pRSat})
    a drop of water MBh. Hariv. Ka1v.
    a spot, mark Var.
    N. of the father of Dru-pada MBh. Hariv. Pur.
  476. पृषदश्व (pṛṣadaśva) (pṛṣadaśva)
    (%{pR4-}) mfn. having piebald horses or having antelopes for horses (said of the Maruts) RV.
    m. wind or the god of wwind Hcar.
    N. of S3iva S3ivag.
    N. of a man (pl. his descendants) Pravar. MBh.
    of a son of An-aranya and father of Hary-as3va VP.
    of a son, of Viru1pa BhP.
  477. पृषोदर (pṛṣodara) (pṛṣodara)
    mf(%{A})n. having a spotted belly TS. (cf. Pa1n2. 6-3, 109).
  478. पृष्ट (pṛṣṭa) (pṛṣṭa)
    mfn. ( %{prach}) asked, inquired, questioned, interrogated, demanded, wished for, desired, welcome RV. &c. &c.
    n. a question, inquiry A1pGr2. Pa1n2.
  479. पृष्ठ (pṛṣṭha) (pṛṣṭha)
    n. (prob. fr. %{pra-stha}, `" standing forth prominently "'
    ifc. f. %{A}) the back (as the prominent part of an animal), the hinder part or rear of anything RV. &c. &c. (%{pRSThena-yA}, with gen., to ride on
    %{-Thena-vah}, to carry on the back
    %{-ThaM-dA}, to give the back, make a low obeisance
    %{-The} ind. behind or from behind)
    the upper side, surface, top, height ib. (with %{diva4H}, or %{nA4kasya}, the surface of the sky, vault of heaven
    cf. %{ghRta-p-})
    the flat roof of a house (cf. %{gRha-p-}, %{harmya-p-})
    a page of a book MW.
    N. of partic. arrangement of Sa1mans (employed at the midday libation and formed from the Ratham2tara, Br2ihat, Vairu1pa, Vaira1ja, S3a1kvara, and Raivata SS3alkvara) TS. Br. S3rS.
    N. of various Sa1mans A1rshBr.
  480. पेट (peṭa) (peṭa)
    mf(%{A}, or %{I})n. ( %{piT}?) a basket, bag
    a multitude
    a retinue
    m. the open hand with the fingers expanded (= %{pra-hasta}) L.
  481. पेटक (peṭaka) (peṭaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. a little basket, casket, box Das3. Sa1y. Kull. (cf. %{koza-peTaka}, %{bhUSaNa-peTikA})
    m. n. = %{dvaMdva}
    n. a multitude, company, quantity, number Ra1jat. Katha1s. (%{-kaM-kR}, with instr. `" to join or consort with "')
    (%{ika4}) f. a species of plant
  482. पेय (peya) (peya)
    mfn. to be drunk or quaffed, drinkable MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be tasted, tastable MBh. (opp. to %{ghreya}, %{spRzya} &c.)
    to be taken (as medicine) Car.
    to be drunk in or enjoyed by (cf. %{zrotra-p-})
    m. (sc. %{yajJa-kratu}) a drink offering, libation S3a1n3khS3r.
    (%{A}) f. rice gruel or any drink mixed with a small quantity of boiled rice MBh. Car. Sus3r.
    a species of anise (= %{mizreyA})
    n. a drink, beverage MBh. R. Sus3r.
  483. पइप्पलाद (paippalāda) (paippalāda)
    mf(%{I})n. derived from Pippala7da GarbhUp.
    m. patr. fr. %{pippalA7da}
    pl. N. of a school of the AV.
    %{-do7paniSad} f. N. of an Up.
  484. पइल (paila) (paila)
    m. (metron. fr. %{pIlA} Pa1n2. 4-1, 118) N. of a teacher (a sage and promulgator of the R2ig-veda) Gr2S. MBh. &c.
  485. पइशाच (paiśāca) (paiśāca)
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to the Pis3a1cas, demon-like, infernal Gr2S. Mn. MBh. &c. (with %{graha} m. demoniacal possession MBh.)
    m. a Pis3a1ca or kind of demon (also as N. of a tribe) MBh. (cf. g. %{parzv-Adi})
    the eighth or lowest form of marriage (when a lover secretly embraces a damsel either sleeping or intoxicated or disordered in her intellect) Mn. iii, 34
    (%{I}) f. a present made at a religious ceremony to secure friendly regard W.
    (in dram.) a sort of jargon spoken by demons on the stage (cf. %{pizAca-bhASA})
    n. N. of wk.
  486. पोगण्ड (pogaṇḍa) (pogaṇḍa)
    mfn. not full-grown or adult, young Pur.
    deformed, having a redundant or defective member
    m. a boy, one from his 5th to his 16th year W. (cf. %{a-p-}).
  487. पोतृ (potṛ) (potṛ)
    or m. `" Purifier "'N. of one of the 16 officiating priests at a sacrifice (the assistant of the Bra1hman
  488. पोतल (potala) (potala)
    m. or n. N. of a seaport on the Indus (= $
    later applied to the residence of the Dalai Lama in Lhassa) Buddh. (cf. MWB. 292 &c.)
  489. पोतलक (potalaka) (potalaka)
    m. or n. N. of a mountain (= %{potala}?)
    (%{ikA}) f. see %{go-potalikA}.
  490. पोथ (potha) (potha)
    m. ( %{puth}) a blow, stroke R.
  491. पोष (poṣa) (poṣa)
    m. ( %{puS}) thriving, prosperity, abundance, wealth, growth, increaseBr. Gr2S3rS.
    nourishing, nurture, rearing, maintaining, supporting Ka1v. Pur. &c.
  492. पोषक (poṣaka) (poṣaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. nourishing, feeding, a nourisher, supporter, breeder, keeper Mn. MBh. &c.
    (ifc.) subsisting on or by Hariv.
  493. पउगण्ड (paugaṇḍa) (paugaṇḍa)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to a boy, boyish Pur.
    n. (also %{-Daka}) boyhood, a period lasting from the 5th to the 16th year BhP. Sch. [650,1]  %{-Daka} see %{pogaNDa}.
  494. पउण्ड्र (pauṇḍra) (pauṇḍra)
    1 m. (fr. %{puNDra}) a species of sugar-cane of a pale straw colour Sus3r.
    (pl.) N. of a people and of a country (said to include part of South Behar and Bengal) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    (sg.) a king of this country (regarded as a son of Vasudeva) ib.
    N. of the conch-shell of Bhi1ma MBh.
    n. a sectarian mark Ka1tyS3r. Sch.2 Vr2iddhi form of %{puNDra} in comp.
  495. पउत्र (pautra) (pautra)
    1 mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{putra}) derived from or relating to a son or children AV. MBh. &c. (with %{iSTi} f. `" a sacrifice performed to obtain a son "' R.)
    m. a son's son, grandson AV. Br. &c. (also %{-ka} Ka1v.)
    (%{I}) f. a granddaughter MBh. Hariv. Katha1s.
    N. of Durga1 L.
  496. पउनरुक्त्य (paunaruktya) (paunaruktya)
    n. = %{-ukta} Ragh. S3am2k. Sa1h.
  497. पउर (paura) (paura)
    1 m. ( %{pRR}) `" filler, increaser "'N. of Soma (Sa1y. = %{udara-pUraka})
    of Indra (Sa1y. = %{pUrayitR})
    of the As3vins &c. RV.
    of a R2ishi (author of RV. v, 73
    (pl.) of a dynasty VP.
  498. पउरव (paurava) (paurava)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{pUru}) belonging to or descended from Pu1ru MBh. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 168, Vartt. 3 Pat.)
    m. a descendant of PPaurava ib. &c.
    pl. the race of PPaurava S3ak. Pur.
    N. of a people in the north or north-east of India MBh. R. Var. (v.l. %{paulava})
    (%{I}) f. N. of the wife of Vasu-deva or of Yudhi-sht2hira Pur.
    (in music) N. of a Mu1rchana1 or a Ra1ga.
  499. पउराण (paurāṇa) (paurāṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{purANa}) relating to the past or to former times, previous, ancient, primeval, Paura1nic MBh. Hariv. R.
  500. पउराणिक (paurāṇika) (paurāṇika)
    mf(%{I})n. id. Ka1v. Pur. Sus3r.
    versed in ancient legends and stories MBh. (cf. Pat. on Pa1n2. 4-2, 60)
    of the value of one Pura1n2a (coin) Sam2ska1rak.
    m. a Bra1hman well read in the Pura1n2as, a mythologist W.