User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-e

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e {n} (name of the letter E, e) :: إِي {m}, إِيه {m}
each {determiner} (every) :: كُلّ
eager {adj} (excited by desire in the pursuit of any object) :: مُشْتَاق
eagle {n} (any of several large carnivorous birds in the family Accipitridae) :: نَسْر {m}, عُقَاب {m}
ear {n} (organ of hearing) :: أُذُن {f}
ear {v} (archaic: to plough) :: حَرَثَ
ear {v} (plough) SEE: plough ::
ear {n} (external part of the organ of hearing) SEE: pinna ::
earache {n} (pain in the ear) :: أَلَم الأُذُنِ, أَلَم الأُذْنِ
eardrum {n} (membrane separating outer and middle ears) :: طَبْلَة اَلْأُذْن {f} /ṭablat al-ʾuḏn/
ear lobe {n} (a part of the ear) :: شَحْمَة اَلْأُذْن {f} /šaḥmat al-ʾuḏn/
early {adj} (at a time in advance of the usual) :: بَاكِر
early {adv} (at a time before expected) :: مُبَكِّرًا, بَاكِرًا
earn {v} (transitive: receive (money) for working) :: كَسَبَ
earn {v} (deserve) :: اِسْتَحَقَّ
earnest {adj} (important, serious) :: جَدِّي, جَادّ
earphone {n} (sound device held near the ear) :: سَمَّاعَة {f}, سَمَاعَات الرَّأْس‏ {f-p}
earphones {n} (small speakers worn over the ears) :: سَمَّاعَات {f-p}
earring {n} (piece of jewelry) :: قُرْط {m}, حَلَق {m}
ear shell {n} (abalone) SEE: abalone ::
earth {n} (soil) :: تُرْبَة {f}, تُرَاب {p}, أَرْض {f}
earth {n} (the ground, land) :: أَرْض {f}
earth {n} :: أَرْض {f}
earth {prop} (our planet, third out from the Sun) SEE: Earth ::
Earth {prop} (third planet of the Solar System) :: اَلْأَرْض {f}
Earth Day {prop} (global day of observance of the need to protect the earth) :: يَوْم اَلْأَرْض {m}
earthen {adj} (made of earth or mud) :: تُرَابِيّ
earthen {adj} (made of clay) :: فَخَرِيّ‏‎, خَزَفِيّ‏‎, طِينِيّ
Earthling {n} (inhabitant of the planet Earth) :: أَرْضِيّ
earth pig {n} (aardvark) SEE: aardvark ::
earthquake {n} (shaking of the surface of a planet) :: زِلْزَال {m}
earwax {n} (waxy substance secreted by the ear) :: صِمْلَاخُ {m}, شَمْع اَلْأُذْن {m}
earwig {n} (the insect) :: أَبُو مِقَصّ {m}
easel {n} (upright frame for displaying or supporting something) :: حَامِل {m}
easily {adv} (without difficulty) :: بِسُهُولَة
east {n} (compass point) :: شَرْق {m}
East {prop} (Eastern world) :: شَرْق {m}, اَلْمَشْرِق {m}
East al-Quds {prop} (East Jerusalem) SEE: East Jerusalem ::
East China Sea {prop} (a sea) :: بَحْر اَلصِّين اَلشَّرْقِيّ {m}
Easter {n} (Christian holiday) :: عِيد اَلْفِصْح {m}; [ecclesiastical, Lebanon alternatively] اَلْعِيد اَلْكَبِير
Easter egg {n} (a dyed or decorated egg) :: بَيْضَة عِيد اَلْفِصْح {f} /bayḍat ʿīd al-fiṣḥ/, بَيْضَة اَلْفِصْح {f} /bayḍat al-fiṣḥ/
Easter Island {prop} (Island in the Pacific) :: جَزِيرَة عِيد اَلْفِصْح {f}, جَزِيرَة الْفِصْح
eastern {adj} (related to the east) :: شَرْقِيّ
Eastern Arabic {prop} (Levantine Arabic) SEE: Levantine Arabic ::
Eastern Arabic numeral {n} (Any of the ten symbols ٠ to ٩) :: أَرْقَام هِنْدِيَّة
Eastern Bloc {prop} (The largely Communist countries of the eastern world) :: اَلْكُتْلَة الشَّرْقِيَّة {f} /al-kutla š-šarqiyya/
Eastern Europe {prop} (Eastern Europe) :: أُورُوبَّا الشَّرْقِيَّة {f}
Eastern Orthodox Church {prop} (division of Christianity) :: أُرْثُوذُكْسِيَّة شَرْقِيَّة {f} /ʾurṯūḏuksiyya šarqiyya/
East Germany {prop} (former European country) :: أَلْمَانِيَا الشَّرْقِيَّة {f}
East Jerusalem {prop} (eastern sector of Jerusalem) :: اَلْقُدْس اَلشَّرْقِيَّة {f}
East Punjab {prop} (state in India) :: اَلْبَنْجَاب {m}
East Sea {prop} (South China Sea) SEE: South China Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (Baltic sea) SEE: Baltic Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (Sea of Japan) SEE: Sea of Japan ::
East Sea {prop} (Dead Sea) SEE: Dead Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (East China Sea) SEE: East China Sea ::
East Timor {prop} (Country in Oceania) :: تِيمُور اَلشَّرْقِيَّة {f} /timūr aš-šarqiyya/
East Turkestan {prop} (Xinjiang) SEE: Xinjiang ::
easy {adj} (comfortable) SEE: comfortable ::
easy {adj} (requiring little skill or effort) :: سَهْل
eat {v} (to ingest, see also: consume; ingest) :: أَكَلَ imperfective: يَأْكُلُ
eat away {v} (to erode or corrode gradually) :: يبلى / يهلك / يتآكل
eater {n} (one who eats) :: آكِل {m}
eating {n} (the act of consuming food) :: أَكْل {m}
eBay {prop} (eBay (alternative non-romanised names)) :: إِيبَاي {m}
Ebola {prop} (river) :: إِيبُولَا {f} /ʾibūlā/
Ebola {n} (Ebola virus) SEE: Ebola virus ::
Ebola {n} (Ebola fever) SEE: Ebola fever ::
Ebola fever {n} (illness caused by the Ebola virus) :: حُمَّى اَلْإِيبُولَا {f} /ḥummā l-ʾibūlā/
Ebola virus {n} (virus) :: فِيرُوس إِيبُولَا {m}
ebonite {n} (product of vulcanizing rubber with sulfur) :: إِبُونِيت {m}
e-book {n} (electronic book) :: كِتَاب إِلِكْتْرُونِيّ {m} /kitāb ʾiliktrōniyy/, إِيبُوك {m} /ʾibūk/
e-book reader {n} (e-reader) SEE: e-reader ::
Ebro {prop} (Spanish river) :: إِيبْرُو {m} /ʾebrō/
ecchymosis {n} (skin discoloration) SEE: bruise ::
echidna {n} (any of the four species of small spined monotremes) :: إِيكِيدْنَا {f} /ʾikīdnā/
echo {n} (reflected sound) :: صَدَى {m}
eclair {n} (an oblong chocolate covered creme filled pastry) :: اِيكْلِير
eclipse {n} (passage of a planetary object between others) :: كُسُوف {m}, خُسُوف {m}
ecliptic {n} (Earth's orbital plane) :: مَسار الشَّمْسِ {m}
ecology {n} (branch of biology) :: عِلْم اَلْبِيئَة {m}
e-commerce {n} (commercial activity conducted via the Internet) :: تِجَارَة إِلِكْتْرُونِيَّة {f} /tijāra ʾiliktrōniyya/
economic {adj} (pertaining to an economy) :: اقتصادي
economical {adj} (relating to economy) SEE: economic ::
economics {n} (study) :: اِقْتِصَاد {m}, عِلْم اَلاِقْتِصَاد {m}
economist {n} (expert in economics) :: اِقْتِصَادِيّ {m}
economy {n} (effective management of the resources of a community or system) :: اِقْتِصاد {m}
economy {n} (frugal use of resources) :: اِقْتِصَاد {m}
economy {n} (production and distribution and consumption) :: اِقْتِصَاد {m}
ecotourism {n} (responsible travel) :: سِيَاحَة بِيئِيَّة {f} /siyāḥa bīʾiyya/
ecru {adj} (beige) SEE: beige ::
ecstasy {n} (intense pleasure) :: نَشْوَة {f}
ectothermic {adj} (of or relating to ectotherm) :: بَارِد الدَّم {m}
Ecuador {prop} (country in South America) :: إِكْوَادُور {f} /ʾekwadōr/
eczema {n} (acute or chronic inflammation of the skin) :: أَكْزِيمَا {f}
Edam cheese {n} (type of cheese) :: إِيدَام {m} /ʾidam/
eddy {n} (air or water running in an opposite direction to the main current) :: دُوَّامَة {f}
edelweiss {n} (a European perennial alpine plant) :: إِدِيلْوَيْس {m} /ʾidilways/
Eden {prop} (garden) :: جنات عدن, عدن
edict {n} (a proclamation of law) :: فَتْوَى {f}
edification {n} (the act of edifying, or the state of being edified) :: تَنْوِير {m}
edifice {n} (building) :: بِنَاء {m}, مَبْنَى {m}, بِنَايَة {m}
edifice {n} (school of thought) :: مَدْرَسَة {f}
Edinburgh {prop} (capital of Scotland) :: إِدِنْبُرَة {f}
Edison {prop} (Transliterations of the surname) :: إديسون
edit {n} (a change to the text of a document) :: تَحْرِيف {m}
edit {v} (to change a text, or a document) :: حَرَّرَ, عَدَّلَ
edition {n} (literary work) :: طَبْعَة {f}
edition {n} (whole set of copies) :: طَبْعَة {f}
editor {n} (person who edits) :: مُحَرِّر {m}
editor {n} (newspaper editor) :: مُحَرِّر {m}
edit war {n} (a dispute over the content of a page on a wiki or other editable work) :: حَرْب اَلتَّحْرِير {f}
Edmonton {prop} (city in Canada) :: أدمونتون
Edo {prop} (former name of Tokyo) :: إِيدُو {f}
e-dress {n} (e-mail address) SEE: e-mail address ::
education {n} (process or art of imparting knowledge, skill and judgment) :: تَعْلِيم {m}, تَرْبِيَة {f}
education {n} (facts, skills and ideas that have been learned, either formally or informally) :: تَعْلِيم {m}, ثَقَافَة {f}
educator {n} (teacher) SEE: teacher ::
educator {n} (person distinguished for his/her educational work, see also: teacher) :: مُعَلِّم {m}, مُؤَدِّب {m}
Edward {prop} (male given name) :: إِدْوَارْد {m}
eel {n} (any fish of the order Anguilliformes) :: أَنْقَلِيس {m}
ef {n} (name of the letter F, f) :: إِف {m} /ʾef/
effect {n} (result of an action) :: تَأْثِير {m}
effective {adj} (having the power to produce a required effect or effects) :: فَعَّال
effeminacy {n} (the quality of being effeminate) :: تخنُّث، تأنث
effendi {n} (title of respect) :: أَفَنْدِي {m}
efficiency {n} :: كفاءَة
effort {n} (endeavor) SEE: endeavor ::
effort {n} (the amount of work involved in achieving something) :: جَهْد {m}, جُهْد {m}
e.g. {adv} (abbreviation for “for example”) :: على سبيل المثال
egg {n} (body housing an embryo) :: بَيْضَة {f}
egg {n} (egg of domestic fowl as food item) :: بَيْضَة {f}
egg {n} (ovum) :: بُوَيْضَة {f}
egg cell {n} (ovum) SEE: ovum ::
eggplant {n} (plant) :: بَاذِنْجَان
eggplant {n} (edible fruit) :: بَاذِنْجَان {m}
egg salad {n} (dish made of hard-boiled eggs) :: سَلَطَة بَيْض
eggshell {n} (object) :: قشر البيض {m}
egg yolk {n} (central part of an egg) SEE: yolk ::
ego {n} (the self) :: اَلْأَنَا {m}
egress {n} (exit) SEE: exit ::
egret {n} (Any of various wading birds of the genera Egretta or Ardea) :: أَبُو قِرْدَان {m}
Egypt {prop} (country in North Africa) :: مِصْر {f}, مَصْر {f}
Egyptian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Egypt) :: مِصْرِيّ
Egyptian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Egyptians) :: مِصْرِيّ {m}, مِصِرِيَّة {f}
Egyptian {adj} :: مِصْرِيّ
Egyptian {n} (person from Egypt) :: مِصْرِيّ, مَصْرِيّ, مِصْرِيَّة {f}, مَصْرِيَّة {f}
Egyptian {prop} (language) :: مِصْرِيَّة {f}, مَصْرِيَّة {f}
Egyptian Arabic {prop} (Egyptian Arabic) :: لَهْجَة مِصْرِيَّة {f} /lahja miṣriyya/, مِصْرِيَّة {f}, عَامِّيَّة مِصْرِيَّة {f} /ʿāmmiyya miṣriyya/
Ehime {prop} (Ehime, Japan) :: إِهِيمِه {m}
Eid {prop} (Muslim religious festival) :: عِيد {m}
Eid al-Adha {prop} (Islamic festival) :: عِيد اَلْأَضْحَى {m}, اَلْأَضْحَى {f}, عِيد اَلْكَبِير {m}, قُرْبَان {m}
Eid al-Fitr {prop} (religious celebration) :: عِيد اَلْفِطْر {m}
eid mubarak {phrase} (eid mubarak) :: عِيد مُبَارَك
Eiffel Tower {prop} (tower in Paris) :: بُرْج إِيفِل {m} /burj ʾeyfel/
eigenfunction {n} (function) :: دَالَة خَاصَّة {f} /dāla ḵāṣṣa/
eight {num} (cardinal number 8) :: ثَمَانِيَة (numeral: ٨)
eighteen {num} (cardinal number) :: ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ
eighth {adj} (ordinal form of the number eight) :: ثَامِن {m}, ثَامِنَة {f}
eighth {n} (one of eight equal parts of a whole) :: ثُمْن {m}
eight o'clock {n} (the start of the ninth hour) :: اَلسَّاعَة اَلثَّامِنَة {f} /as-sāʿa ṯ-ṯāmina/
eighty {num} (80) :: ثَمَانِينَ, [only nominative, formal] ثَمَانُونَ
eighty-eight {num} (88) :: ثَمَانِيَة وَثَمَانُون /ṯamāniya wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-five {num} (the cardinal number 85) :: خَمْسَة وَثَمَانُون /ḵamsa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-four {num} (84) :: أَرْبَعَة وَثَمَانُون /ʾarbaʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-nine {num} (89) :: تِسْعَة وَثَمَانُون /tisʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-one {num} (81) :: وَاحِد وَثَمَانُون /wāḥid wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-seven {num} (87) :: سَبْعَة وَثَمَانُون /sabʿa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-six {num} (cardinal number 86) :: سِتَّة وَثَمَانُون /sitta wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-three {num} (83) :: ثَلَاثَة وَثَمَانُون /ṯalāṯa wa-ṯamānūn/
eighty-two {num} (82) :: اِثْنَان وَثَمَانُون /iṯnān wa-ṯamānūn/
Einstein {prop} (Albert Einstein) :: أَيْنْشْتَايْن {m}
einsteinium {n} (element with atomic number 99) :: آيْنْشْتَايْنِيُوم {m} /ʾaynštayniyum/
either {adv} ((after a negative) as well) :: أَيْضًا, كَذٰلِكَ /ka-ḏālika/
either {conj} (Introduces the first of two options) :: إِمَا
ejaculate {v} (to eject semen or vaginal fluid) :: قَذَفَ الْمَنْي
ejaculation {n} (ejection of semen through the urethra) :: قَذْف {m}
el {n} (name of the letter L, l) :: إِل {m} /ʾel/
El Aaiún {prop} (El Aaiún, Western Sahara) :: اَلْعَيُون {m}
El Alamein {prop} (town) :: اَلْعَلَمَيْن
Elam {prop} (ancient civilization) :: عِيلَام
elapse {v} ((of time) to pass or move by) :: مَرَّ
Elbe {prop} (European river) :: إلبه
elbow {n} (joint between upper arm and forearm) :: كُوع {m}, مِرْفَق {m}
elbow bone {n} (ulna) SEE: ulna ::
Elbrus {prop} (mountain) :: إِلْبْرُوز {m}
El Clásico {prop} (any match between FC Barcelona and Real Madrid) :: اَلْكْلَاسِيكُو {m}
elder {n} :: اَلْخَمَان
elderberry {n} (elder tree) SEE: elder ::
elderberry {n} (fruit) :: البيلسان
elderly {n} (elderly person) :: مُسِنّ {m}, مُسِنَّة {f}
elderly {n} (elderly as group) :: مُسِنُّون {m-p}, مُسِنّات {f-p}, مَسانّ {p}
elect {v} (to elect) SEE: choose ::
elect {v} (to choose in election) :: إنْتَخَبَ
election {n} (process of choosing a new leader or representatives) :: اِنْتِخَاب {m}, اِنْتِخَابَات {p}
electric {adj} (electrical) :: كَهْرَبَائِيّ
electric car {n} (a car that uses electric motors) :: سَيَّارَة كَهْرَبَائِيَّة {f} /sayyāra kahrabāʾiyya/
electrician {n} (tradesman who works with electrical equipment) :: كهربائي
electricity {n} (form of energy) :: كَهْرَبَاء {m}
electric shock {n} (physical reaction) :: صَدْمَة كَهْرَبَائِيَّة {f} /ṣadma kahrabāʾiyya/
electrify {v} (to communicate electricity to) :: كَهْرَبَ
electrify {v} (to adapt for electric power) :: كَهْرَبَ‏
electrocardiogram {n} (trace of an electrocardiograph) :: مُخَطَط كَهْرَبِيَّة اَلْقَلْب /muḵaṭṭaṭ kahrabiyyat l-qalb/, إِلِكْتْرُوكَارْدِيُوغْرَام {m} /ʾiliktrukardiyuḡrām/
electrode {n} (the terminal through which electric current passes) :: إِلِكْتْرُود {m}
electromagnetic {adj} (pertaining to electromagnetism) :: كَهْرُومَغْنَاطِيسِيّ {m}, كَهْرُومَغْنَاطِيسِيَّة {f}
electron {n} (the negatively charged subatomic particles that orbit atoms) :: إِلَكْتْرُون {m}, كُهَيْرِب [rare]
electron hole {n} (lack of an electron) SEE: hole ::
electronic {adj} (pertaining to electrons) :: إِلِكْتْرُونِي /ʾiliktrōniyy/
electronic book {n} (e-book) SEE: e-book ::
electronic cigarette {n} (electronic cigarette) :: سِيجَارَة إِلِكْتْرُونِيَّة {f} /sigāra ʾiliktrōniyya/
electronic game {n} (game played on an electronic device) :: لَعْبَة إِلِكْتْرُونِيَّة {f} /laʿba ʾiliktrōniyya/
electronics {n} ((physics)) :: إِلِكْتْرُونِيَّات {f-p}
electrum {n} (fossil resin) SEE: amber ::
elegance {n} (grace, refinement, and beauty in movement, appearance, or manners) :: أَنَاقَة {f}
elegy {n} (mournful or plaintive poem or song) :: رِثَاء {m}
element {n} (simplest or essential part or principle of anything) :: عُنْصُر {m}
element {n} (chemistry: simplest chemical substance) :: عُنْصُر كِيمِيَائِيّ {m}, عُنْصُر {m}
elementary particle {n} (subatomic particle that does not consist of smaller particles) :: جُسَيْم أَوَّلِيّ
elementary school {n} (school for children) SEE: primary school ::
elephant {n} (mammal) :: فِيل {m}
Elephant {prop} (105th sura of the Qur'an) :: سورة الفيل
elephant in the room {n} (problem that is obvious but ignored) :: فِيل فِي الْغُرْفَة
elevate {v} (promote) SEE: promote ::
elevator {n} (permanent construction) SEE: lift ::
elevator {n} (control surface of an aircraft) :: مِصْعَدْ
eleven {num} (the cardinal number occurring after ten and before twelve) :: أَحَد عَشَر, إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ, [numeral] ١١
eleven o'clock {n} (the start of the twelfth hour) :: السَاعَة الحَادِيَة عَشَرَة {f} /al-sāʿa l-ḥādiya ʿašara/
eleventh {adj} (ordinal form of eleven) :: حَادِيَ عَشَرَ {m}, حَادِيَةَ عَشْرَةَ {f}
eleventh hour {n} (The last minute) :: آخر لحظة، اللحظة الأخيرة
elf {n} (mythical, supernatural being) :: آلْف {m}
elf {n} (very diminutive person) SEE: dwarf ::
Elias {prop} (male given name) SEE: Elijah ::
elicit {v} (to evoke, educe) :: يُهَيِّج, يُوْقِظ
elide {v} (to leave out or omit) :: أَسْقَطَ, حَذَفَ
elide {v} (to cut off, as a vowel or a syllable) :: أَسْقَطَ, حَذَفَ
Elijah {prop} (biblical prophet) :: إِلْيَا {m}, إِلْيَاس {m} [disputed]
elimination {n} (act of eliminating, expelling or throwing off) :: حذف
Elisabeth {prop} (female given name) SEE: Elizabeth ::
Elisha {prop} (biblical prophet) :: الْيَسَع
elision {n} (the omission of a letter or syllable) :: إِسقَاط {m}, حَذْف {m}
Elista {prop} (city in Russia) :: إِيلِيسْتَا {f} /ʾilistā/
elite {n} (group with higher status) :: نُخْبَة {f}
elixir {n} (alchemy: liquid which was believed to turn non-precious metals to gold) :: إِكْسِير {m}
elixir {n} :: اكسير (’iksīr)
Elizabeth {prop} (female given name) :: إِلِيزَابِيث
Elizabeth {prop} (mother of John the Baptist) :: إِلِيصَابَات
elk {n} (Alces alces) SEE: moose ::
Elliott wave {n} (wave pattern) :: موجَة إليوت {f}
ellipse {n} (curve) :: إِهْلَيْلَج {m}
ellipsis {n} (typographic mark) :: حَذْف {m}
elliptical {n} (elliptical galaxy) SEE: elliptical galaxy ::
elliptical galaxy {n} (galaxy having smooth, featureless light-profile) :: مَجَرَة إِهْلِيجِيَّة {f} /majara ʾihlījiyya/
Elmo {prop} (male given name) :: إلمو /'Iilmu/, المو /Almu/
Elohim {prop} (name for God) :: إِلُوهِيم {m}
eloquent {adj} (fluently persuasive and articulate) :: فَصِيح {m}, فُصْحَى {f}, بَلِيغ
eloquent {adj} (effective in expressing meaning) :: فَصِيح {m}, فُصْحَى {f}
El Salvador {prop} (country in Central America) :: السَلْفَادُور {f}
else {adj} (other) :: غَيْر; آخَر
else {conj} (word that implies the would be consequence of the preceding event not happening) :: وَإِلَا /wa-ʾilā/
Elsinore {prop} (Danish city) :: هِيلْسِنْكُور {m} /hēlsinkōr/
Elvis {prop} (a male given name) :: إِلْفِيس {m} /ʾilfis/
em {n} (name of the letter M, m) :: إِم {m} /ʾem/
e-mail {n} (email) SEE: email ::
e-mail {v} (email) SEE: email ::
email {n} (system) :: بَرِيد إِلِكْتْرُونِيّ {m}, إِيمَيْل {m}
email {n} (message sent via email) :: إِيمَيْل {m}, رِسَالَة إِلِكْتْرُونِيّّة /risāla(t) ʾelektrōniyya/
email address {n} (e-mail address) SEE: e-mail address ::
e-mail address {n} (unique identifier) :: عُنْوَان اَلْبَرِيد اَلْإِلِكْتْرُونِيّ {m} /ʿunwān al-kitāb al-ʾiliktrōniyy/
emanate {v} (To come from a source) :: اِنْبَثَقَ
embarge {n} (embargo) SEE: embargo ::
embargo {n} (an order by the government prohibiting ships from leaving port) :: حَصَار {m}
embargo {n} (a ban on trade with another country) :: حَظْر {m}
embarrass {v} (to humiliate; to disrupt somebody's composure or comfort with acting publicly or freely) :: أَخْجَلَ
embarrassed {adj} (Having a feeling of shameful discomfort) :: مُوَرَّط, مُحْرَج
embassy {n} (organization representing a foreign state) :: سِفَارَة {f}
embed {v} (lay as in a bed; lay in surrounding matter) :: طَمَرَ
embellish {v} (To make more beautiful and attractive; to decorate) :: جَمَّلَ, زَخْرَفَ
embellish {v} (To make something sound or look better or more acceptable than it is in reality, to distort) :: جَمَّلَ, زَخْرَفَ
ember {n} (glowing piece of coal or wood) :: جَمْرَة {f}
embiggen {v} (enlarge) SEE: enlarge ::
emblem {n} (representative symbol) :: شِعَار {m}, رَمْز {m}
embodiment {n} (entity typifying an abstraction) :: تَجَسَّد {m}
embrace {v} (to hug (a person)) :: اِحْتَضَنَ
embrocate {v} (to moisten with a liquid substance) :: دَلَّكَ
embroil {v} (to draw into a situation) :: وَرَّطَ
embryo {n} (fertilized egg before developing into a fetus) :: جَنِين {m}, حَمْل {m}
emerald {n} (gemstone) :: زُمُرُّد {m}
emergence {n} (the arising of emergent structure in complex systems) :: انبثاق {m}
emergency {n} (situation requiring urgent assistance) :: طَوَارِئ {m}, حَالَة اَلطَّوَارِئ {f} /ḥālat aṭ-ṭawāriʾ/
emergency escape {n} (fire escape) SEE: fire escape ::
emergency stairs {n} (fire escape) SEE: fire escape ::
emigrant {n} (someone who leaves a country to settle in a new country) :: مُهَاجِر {m}
emigration {n} (act of emigrating) :: هِجْرَة {f}
eminent {adj} (of a person: distinguished, noteworthy) :: بَارِز
emir {n} (Islamic prince or leader) :: أَمِير {m} (plural: أُمَرَاء {m-p})
emirate {n} (country ruled by an emir) :: إِمَارَة {f} (plural: إِمَارَات {f-p})
Emirati {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to United Arab Emirates) :: إِمَارَاتِيّ
Emirati {n} (a person from the United Arab Emirates) :: إِمَارَاتِيّ {m}, إِمَارَاتِيَّة {f}
emit {v} (to send out or give off) :: نَفَثَ, أَصْدَرَ
emo {n} (music) :: إِيمُو {m}
emoji {n} (ideogrammatic icon used in text messaging) :: إِيمُوجِي {m}
emotion {n} (person's internal state of being) :: عَاطِفَة {f}, [plural:] عَوَاطِف {f-p}, إِحْسَاس {m}
emperor {n} (ruler of an empire) :: قَيْصَر {m}, إِمْبْرَاطُور {m}
emphasis {n} (special weight or forcefulness given to something considered important) :: تَرْكِيز {m}
emphasize {v} (stress) :: شَدَّدَ
emphatic {adj} (of emphatic consonants) :: مُشَدَّد
empire {n} (political unit) :: إِمْبِرَاطُورِيَّة {f}
empire {n} :: إِمْبْرَاطُورِيَّة {f}
employ {v} (employ, apply) SEE: use ::
employ {v} (to give someone work) :: اِسْتَخْدَمَ, شَغَّلَ, اِسْتَعْمَلَ
employ {v} (to put into use) :: وَظَّفَ
employee {n} (individual who provides labor to a company or another person) :: مُوَظَّف {m}, مُوَظَّفَة {f}
employment {n} (the state of being employed) :: وَظِيفَة {f}, تَوْظِيف {m}
employment agency {n} (organisation that matches employers to employees) :: وَكَالَة تَوْظِيف {f} /wakālat tawẓīf/
employment contract {n} (category of contract) :: عقد عمل
empowerment {n} (state of being empowered) :: تمكين
empress {n} (female monarch of an empire) :: إِمْبِرَاطُورَة {f}
empress {n} (wife or widow of an emperor) :: إِمْبْرَاطُورَة {f}, زَوْجَة إِمِبْرَاطُور {f} /zawjat ʾimbirāṭūr/
empty {adj} (devoid of content) :: فَارِغ
empty {v} (to make empty) :: فَرَغَ
empty space {n} (vacuum) SEE: vacuum ::
emu {n} (Dromaius novaehollandiae) :: دُرْمِيس أُسْتُرَالِيّ {m} /dormīs ʾusturāliyy/
en {n} (name of the letter N, n) :: إِن {m} /ʾen/
enable {v} (to make able) :: أمكن
enamel {n} (covering on the tooth) :: مِينَاء {f}
enantiomer {n} (one of a pair of mirror-image stereoisomers) :: مُتَصَاوِغ اِنْعِكَاسِيّ, مُتَصَاوِغ مِرْآتِيّ
enclitic {n} (clitic which joins with the preceding word) :: [of pronouns] مُتَّصِل, مُحَاط
encoding {n} (character encoding (computing)) :: تَرْمِيز {m}, إِنْكُودِينْغ {m} /ʾinkūdinḡ/
encounter {v} (meet (someone) or find (something) unexpectedly) :: صَادَفَ, لَاقَى
encourage {v} (mentally support or motivate) :: شَجَّعَ
encroach {v} (to intrude unrightfully on someone else's rights or territory) :: يختلس
encyclopaedia {n} (encyclopedia) SEE: encyclopedia ::
encyclopedia {n} (comprehensive reference with articles on a range of topics) :: مَوْسُوعَة {f}
encyclopedic {adj} (of or relating to comprehensiveness and other characteristics of an encyclopedia) :: مَوْسُوعِيّ
encyclopedic {adj} (in lexicography) :: مَوْسُوعِيّ
end {n} (extreme part) :: نِهَايَة {f}
end {v} (transitive: finish, terminate (something)) :: أَنْهَى, فَرَغَ, أَتَمَّ, اِنْتَهَى /intahā/
endeavor {n} (enterprise; assiduous or persistent activity) :: غايَة..محاولَة {m}
endocrine system {n} (system of ductless glands) :: جِهَاز اَلْغُدَد اَلصَّمَاء {m}
end of the world {n} (end of the world) :: نِهَايَة اَلْعَالَم {f} /nihāyat al-ʿālam/
endometrium {n} (mucous membrane) :: بطانَة الرحم {f}
endure {v} (to endure) SEE: take ::
endure {v} (endure, undergo) SEE: suffer ::
endure {v} (to last) :: اِسْتَمَرَّ
enema {n} (injection of fluid into the rectum) :: حُقْنَة شَرَجِيَّة {f} /ḥuqna šarajiyya/, حُقْنَة {f}
enemy {n} (someone who is hostile to, feels hatred towards, opposes the interests of, or intends injury to someone else) :: عَدُوّ {m}, خَصْم {m}
energetic {adj} (Possessing, exerting, or displaying energy) :: نَشِيط
energy {n} (impetus behind activity) :: طَاقَة {f}
energy {n} (physics) :: طَاقَة {f}
engaged {adj} (agreed to be married) :: مَخْطُوب {m}, مَخْطُوبَة {f}
engagement {n} (period of time when marriage is planned or promised) :: خِطْبَة {f}, خُطُوبَة {f}
engagement ring {n} (a ring signifying a promise to wed) :: خَاتَم اَلْخُطُوبَة {m}
en garde {interj} :: اِحْتَمِ [to masc sg], اِحْتَمِي [to fem sg]
engine {n} (mechanical device) :: مُحَرِّك {m}, مُوتُور {m}
engine {n} (locomotive) :: قَاطِرَة {f}
engineer {n} (person qualified or professionally engaged in engineering) :: مُهَنْدِس {m}, مُهَنْدِسَة {f}
engineering {n} (application of science to the needs of humanity) :: هَنْدَسَة {f}
engineering {n} (work of an engineer) :: هَنْدَسَة {f}
England {prop} (region of Great Britain) :: إِنْجِلْتِرَا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إِنْقِلْتِرَا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إِنْكِلْتِرَا {f} /ʾingilterā/, إِنْكِلْتِرَة {f} /ʾingiltera/
English {adj} (of or pertaining to England) :: إِنْجِلِيزِيّ /ʾingilīziyy/
English {adj} (of or pertaining to the English language) :: إِنْجِلِيزِيَّة /ʾingilīziyya/, إِنْكِلِيزِيَّة /ʾingilīziyya/, إنگليزيَة
English {prop} (people from England) :: إِنْجِلِيزِيّ {m} /ʾingilīziyy/, إِنْجِلِيزِيَّة {f} /ʾingilīziyya/
English {prop} (the English language) :: إِنْكِلِيزِيّ {m} /ʾingilīziyy/, إِنْجِلِيزِيّ {m} /ʾingilīziyy/, إِنْكِلِيزِيَّة {f} /ʾingilīziyya/, إِنْجِلِيزِيَّة {f} /ʾingilīziyya/, اَللُّغَة اَلْإِنْجِلِيزِيَّة {f} /al-luḡa l-ʾingilīziyya/
English Channel {prop} (The part of the Atlantic Ocean between Great Britain and France) :: بَحْر اَلْمَانْش {m}
Englishman {n} (male native or inhabitant of England) :: إِنْجِلِيزِيّ {m} /ʾingilīziyy/
Englishwoman {n} (a female native or inhabitant of England) :: إِنْجِلِيزِيَّة {f} /ʾingilīziyya/
enigma {n} :: غامض
enjoy {v} (to receive pleasure or satisfaction from something) :: اِسْتَمْتَعَ
enjoyment {n} (the condition of enjoying anything) :: مُتْعَة {f}, مِتْعَة {f}
enjoy your meal {phrase} (bon appétit) SEE: bon appétit ::
enlarge {v} (make larger) :: كَبَّرَ
enlargen {v} (enlarge) SEE: enlarge ::
enlightenment {n} (act of enlightening, state of being enlightened) :: تَنْوِير {m}
Enlightenment {prop} (the Enlightenment) :: عَصْر اَلتَّنْوِير {m}
enmity {n} (hostile or unfriendly disposition) :: عَدَاوَةٌ {f}
Enna {prop} (town and capital of Enna) :: إنا
Enoch {prop} (biblical character) :: أَخْنُوخ, إِدْرِيس
enough {determiner} (sufficient) :: كَافٍ, كَفَى
enough {adv} (sufficiently) :: تَمَامًا
enough {interj} (stop!) :: مَه, كَفَى [for good thing], بَسّ [for bad thing], خَلَاص
enrage {v} (to fill with rage) :: أَغَاظَ, غَضِبَ
enrichment {n} (the act of enriching) :: إِثْرَاء
en route {prep} (on the way) :: فِي طَرِيق, فِي مَسِيرَة
ensemble {n} (a group of musicians, dancers etc who perform together; the chorus of a ballet company) :: فِرْقَة {f}, جَوْق {m}
ensete {n} (species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae) :: موز الحبشة
enslave {v} (to make subservient; to strip one of freedom; enthrall) :: أَسَرَ
enter {v} (to go into (a room, etc.)) :: دَخَلَ
enter {v} (to insert) :: أَدْخَلَ
enter {v} (to type into a computer) :: دَخَّلَ
enter into {v} (enter into) SEE: penetrate ::
enteritis {n} (intestinal disease) :: بَادِئَة مَعْنَاهَا مَعْي /bādiʾa maʿnāhā maʿy/
entertainment {n} :: لهو
enthusiasm {n} (feeling of excited, lively interest) :: حَمَاس {m}
entire {n} (stallion) SEE: stallion ::
entity {n} (that which exists as an individual unit) :: كيان {m}
entomology {n} (study of insects) :: عِلْم اَلْحَشَرَات {m}
entrance {n} (place of entering) :: مَدْخَل {m}
entrepreneur {n} (person who organizes and operates a business and assumes the associated risk) :: مُتَعَهِّد {m}, مُقَاوِل {m}, مُلْتَزِم {m}, مُنَظِّم {m}
entrepôt {n} (a warehouse, depot) :: مُسْتَوْدَعَ {m}
entry {n} (act of entering) :: إِدْخَال {m}
entry {n} (permission to enter) :: وُلُوج {m}, نَفَاذ {m}, نَفَّاذ {m}
entry {n} (doorway that provides a means of entering a building) :: مَدْخَل {m}, دَخُول {m}
entry {n} (article in a dictionary or encyclopedia) :: مَدْخَل {m}, مُدْخَل {m}, قَيْد {m}, مَادَّة {f}, بَنْد {m}, فِقْرَة {f}, مُفْرَدَة {f}
entry {n} (record in a log or in a database) :: دَفْتَر {m}, مَدْخَل {m}
envelope {n} (wrapper for mailing) :: مُغَلَّف {m}, لِفَافَة {f}
envelope {n} (something that envelops) :: غِلَاف {m}
environment {n} (area around something) :: بِيئَة {f}, مُحِيط {m}
environment {n} (natural world or ecosystem) :: بِيئَة {f}
envoy {n} (representative) :: مَبْعُوث {m}
envy {n} (resentful desire of something possessed by another) :: حَسَد {m}
envy {v} (to feel displeasure towards (someone) because of their good fortune, possessions) :: غَبَطَ
enzyme {n} (catalytic protein) :: انزيم
Ephesians {prop} (book of the Bible) :: اَلرِّسَالَة إِلَى أَهْل أَفَسُس /Ar-Risāla ʾilā ʾahl ʾAfasus/
Ephesus {prop} (ancient city) :: أَفَسُس
epicaricacy {n} (rejoicing at or deriving pleasure from the misfortunes of others) :: شَمَاتَة {f}
epicene {n} (transvestite) SEE: transvestite ::
epicene {n} (hermaphrodite) SEE: hermaphrodite ::
epicentre {n} (point above earthquake) :: مَرْكَز {m}, مَرْكَز اَلزِّلْزَال {m}
Epicurean {adj} (relating to Epicurus or his philosophy) :: إِبِيقُورِيّ
Epicurean {n} (a follower of Epicurus and Epicureanism) :: إِبِيقُورِيّ {m}
epidemic {n} (widespread disease) :: وَبَاء {m}
epidemic {n} (occurrence of such disease) :: وَبَاء {m}
epidemiology {n} (branch of medicine dealing with transmission and control of disease in populations) :: عِلْم أَوْبِئَة {m}
epidermis {n} (skin's outer layer in animals) :: بشرَة
epididymis {n} (tube) :: بَرْبَخ {m}
epiglottis {n} (cartilaginous organ in the throat) :: لِسَان اَلْمِزْمَار {m}
epilepsy {n} (medical condition) :: صَرْع {m}
Epiphany {n} (Christian feast) :: عِيد اَلْغِطَاس {m}, غِطَاس {m}
episode {n} (incident or action connected with a series of events) :: حَادِثَة {f}
episode {n} (installment of a drama told in parts) :: حَلْقَة {f}
epistaxis {n} (nosebleed) :: رعاف
epithelium {n} (membranous tissue) :: نَسِيج طِلَائِيّ
epitome {n} (embodiment or encapsulation of) :: مَثَال {m}
epoch {n} (particular period of history) :: عَصْر {m}, عُصُور {m-p}, زَمَان {m}
epoophoron {n} (a group of tubules, a remnant of the Wolffian body, often found near the ovary or oviduct) :: مبيض جانبي
epsilon {n} (name for the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet) :: إِبْسِلُون {m}, إِبْسِيلُون {m} /ʾibsilūn/
equal {adj} (the same in all respects) :: عِدْل
equal {adj} (mathematics: exactly identical) :: [indefinite] مُسَاوٍ, [definite] الْمُسَاوِي
equal {v} (be equal to) :: سَاوَى
equality {n} (fact of being equal) :: مُسَاوَاة {f}
equanimity {n} (state of being calm) :: صَبْر {m}
equation {n} (mathematics: assertion) :: مُعَادَلَة {f}
equator {n} (circle around the earth) :: خَطّ الاِسْتِوَاء {m}
Equatorial Guinea {prop} (country in Western Africa) :: غِينِيَا اَلاِسْتِوَائِيَّة {f}
equestrianism {n} (the art or sport of riding horses) :: رُكُوب اَلْخَيْل {m}
equitable {adj} (fair, just, or impartial) :: حَقَّانِيّ, عَدْل
-er {suffix} ((used to form agent nouns) person or thing that does...) :: مُـ
era {n} (time period) :: عَصْر {m}, عُصُور {m-p}, زَمَان {m}
eradicate {v} :: يزيل
erase {v} (to remove markings or information) :: مَحَا
eraser {n} (thing used to erase something written or drawn) :: مَسَّاحَة {f}, مِمْحَاة {f}
erbium {n} (chemical element) :: إِرْبِيُوم {m} /ʾirbiyum/
Erdoğan {prop} (surname) :: أردوغان
ere {prep} (before, sooner than) :: قَبْل, أْبْكَر
e-reader {n} (device) :: قَارِئ اَلْكِتَاب اَلْإِلِكْتْرُونِيّ {m} /qāriʾ al-kitāb al-ʾiliktrōniyy/
erection {n} (rigid state of penis or clitoris) :: نُعُوظ {m}
eremite {n} (hermit) SEE: hermit ::
ereyesterday {adv} (on the day before yesterday) SEE: day before yesterday ::
ereyesterday {n} (the day before yesterday) SEE: day before yesterday ::
Eric {prop} (male given name) :: إِرِيك {m}
Eris {prop} (dwarf planet) :: إِرِيس {m}
Eritrea {prop} (country in Eastern Africa) :: إِرِتْرِيَا {f}
Eritrean {n} (A person from Eritrea or of Eritrean descent) :: إِرِيتْرِيّ {m}, إِرِيتْرِيَّة {f} /ʾiritriyya/
Eritrean {adj} (Of, from, or pertaining to Eritrea, the Eritrean people or the Eritrean culture) :: إِرِيتْرِيّ /ʾiritriyy/
ermine {n} (Mustela erminea) :: قَاقِم {m}
erogenous zone {n} (erogenous zone) :: مِنْطَقَة اَلشَّهْوَة اَلْجِنْسِيَّة {f} /minṭaqat aš-šahwa l-jinsiyya/
Eros {prop} (God of love) :: إِيرُوس {m}
erotic {adj} (tending to arouse sexual desire) :: شَبَقِيّ, جِنْسِيّ, غَزَلِيّ, غَرَامِيّ, عِشْقِيّ, شَهْوَانِيّ
err {v} (sin) SEE: sin ::
err {v} (make a mistake) :: غَلِطَ, أَخْطَأَ /ʾaḵṭaʾa/
error {v} ((nonstandard) To make a mistake; to result in an error) SEE: err ::
error message {n} (message displayed when a failure condition occurs) :: رِسَالَة خَطٰأ {f} /risālat ḵaṭāʾ/
Erythraean Sea {prop} (Red Sea) SEE: Red Sea ::
erythronium {n} (vanadium) SEE: vanadium ::
Erzurum {prop} (city) :: أَرْضُرُوم, أَرْض اَلرُوم
escalator {n} (mechanical device) :: دَرَج مُتَحَرِّك {m}, سُلَّم مُتَحَرِّك {m}, سُلَّم دَوَّار {m}
escallop {n} (scallop) SEE: scallop ::
escape {v} (to get free) :: هَرَبَ
escape {n} (act of leaving a dangerous or unpleasant situation) :: فِرَار {m}, هُرُوب {m}, هَرَب {m}
-ese {suffix} (forming adjectives and nouns describing things characteristic of a particular place) :: ـِيّ
especially {adv} (particularly) :: خُصُوصًا, خَاصَّةً, وَلَا سِيَّمَا
Esperanto {prop} (auxiliary language) :: إِسْبَرَانْتُو {m} /ʾisbarantū/, إِسْپَرَانْتُو {m} /ʾisparantū/
espionage {n} (act of learning secret information through clandestine means) :: تَجَسُّس {m}, جَاسُوسِيَّة {f}
-ess {suffix} (female suffix) :: ـَة {f}
ess {n} (name of the letter S, s) :: إِس {m}
essay {n} (written composition) :: مَقَالَة {f}, بَحْث {m}
essay {n} (an attempt) :: مُحَاوَلَة
Essen {prop} (city) :: إِسَن {m}, إِسِن {m} /ʾesen/
essence {n} (inherent nature) :: جَوْهَر {m}
-est {suffix} (superlative of adjectives and adverbs) :: اَلـ [a superlative pattern of the adjective]
establish {v} :: اسس (’ássasa)
Esther {prop} (female given name) :: أَسْتِير {f}
Estonia {prop} (country) :: إِسْتُونِيَا {f} /ʾistōniyā/
Estonian {prop} (language) :: إِسْتُونِيَّة {f}
estragon {n} (tarragon) SEE: tarragon ::
Estrangelo {n} (a form of Syriac script) :: خَطّ مَفْتُوح, خَطّ ثَقِيل
eta {n} (Greek letter) :: إِتَا {f}
et al. {phrase} (and others) :: وَآخِرُون /wa-ʾāḵirūn/
etc. {phrase} (and so on, see also: and so forth) :: وَهَلُمَّ جَرًّا, إِلَخ, إِلَى آخِرِهِ
et cetera {phrase} (noting the omission of the remainder of a list) SEE: etc. ::
eternal life {n} (afterlife) SEE: afterlife ::
eternity {n} (infinite time) :: أَبَد {m}
eternity {n} (time extending infinitely far into the future) :: أبَدِيَّة
ethanol {n} (simple aliphatic alcohol: CH3-CH2-OH) :: إِيثَانُول {m} /ʾiṯānūl/
ether {n} (organic chemistry: a compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two hydrocarbon groups) :: إيثر
ethics {n} (study of principles governing right and wrong conduct) :: عِلْم اَلْأَخْلَاق {m}
ethics {n} (standards of conduct) :: أَخْلَاق, أَدَب {m}
Ethiopia {prop} (country in Eastern Africa) :: أَثِيُوبِيَا {f}, إِثِيُوبِيَا {f}
ethnic cleansing {n} (ethnic cleansing) :: تَطْهِير عِرْقِيّ {m}
ethnic minority {n} (people with different characteristics to those of the majority) :: أَقَلِّيَّة قَوْمِيَّة /ʾaqalliyya qawmiyya/
ethnocentrism {n} (tendency) :: تَمَرْكُز عِرْقِيّ {m}
ethnography {n} (branch of anthropology) :: عِلْم الإِنْسََان التَطْبِيقِيّ
etiquette {n} (forms to be observed in social or official life) :: ذَوْق {m}
Etna {prop} (volcano in Sicily, Italy) :: جَبَل النَار {m}, جَبَل إِتْنَا {m}
etymology {n} (study of the historical development of languages, particularly of individual words) :: تَأْثِيل {m}
etymology {n} (account of the origin and historical development of a word) :: إِشْتِقَاق {m}, تَأْثِيل {m}
Euclid {prop} (Greek mathematician) :: إقليدس {m} /iqlīdis/
Euclidean geometry {n} (mathematical system) :: هَنْدَسَة إِقْلِيدِيَّة {f} /handasa ʾiqlīdiyya/
Euler's formula {prop} (Euler's formula) :: صِيغَة أُويْلِر {f} /ṣīḡat ʾoyler/
eunuch {n} :: خَصِيّ (xáʂiy) {m}, مَخْصِيّ {m}
euphonium {n} (brass instrument) :: بوق /buq/
Euphrates {prop} (river in the Middle East) :: اَلْفُرَات {m}
Eurasia {prop} (the largest landmass on Earth, consisting of Europe and Asia) :: يُورَاسِيَا {f} /yurāsiyā/
Eurasian Economic Union {prop} (economic union, see also: EAU; EAEU) :: اَلاِتِّحَاد اَلْيُورَاسِيّ {m}, اَلاِتِّحَاد اَلْأُورَاسِيّ {m}
Eurasian sparrowhawk {n} (Accipiter nisus) :: بَاشِق {m}
Euripides {prop} (a Greek tragedian) :: يُورِبِيدِيس {m} /yūribīdīs/
euro {n} (currency unit of the European Monetary Union) :: يُورُو {m}
euro area {n} (Eurozone) SEE: Eurozone ::
Europa {prop} (a moon of Jupiter) :: أُورُوبَّا {f} /ʾurubbā/, أُورُبَّا {f} /ʾurubbā/
Europe {prop} (European Union) SEE: European Union ::
Europe {prop} (continent) :: أُورُوبَّا {f}, أُورُبَّا {f}, أُورُوبَّة {f}
European {adj} (relating to Europe or the European Union) :: أُورُوبِيّ /ʾurūbiyy/
European {n} (person) :: أُورُوبِيّ {m} /ʾurūbiyy/, أُورُوبِيَّة {f} /ʾurūbiyya/
European Central Bank {prop} (central bank for the European Union) :: اَلْبَنْك اَلْمَرْكَزِيّ اَلْأُورُوبِّيّ {m} /al-bank al-markaziyy al-ʾurubbiyy/
European Union {prop} (European supranational organisation) :: اَلْإِتِّحَاد اَلْأُورُوبِيّ {m}
europium {n} (chemical element) :: يُرُوبْيُوم {m} /yurubyum/
Europol {prop} (the criminal intelligence agency of the European Union) :: يُورُوبُول {m} /yurubūl/
Europop {n} (European pop music) :: يُورُوبُوب {m} /yūrubūb/, يُورُوبُوب {m} /yurupop/
Eurovision {prop} (television network) :: يُورُوفِيجْن {m} /yurufijn/
Eurozone {prop} (those European Union members whose official currency is the euro) :: مِنْطَقَة اَلْيُورُو {f} /minṭaqat al-yūrū/
euthanasia {n} (practice of killing a human being or animal) :: قَتْل رَحِيم {m}
Euxine Sea {prop} SEE: Black Sea ::
evacuate {v} (to move out of an unsafe location into safety) :: جَلَا عَن
evangelize {v} (tell people about Christianity) :: بَشَّرَ
evaporate {v} (to transition from a liquid state into a gaseous state) :: تَبَخَّرَ
Eve {prop} (the first woman) :: حَوَّاء {f}
Eve {prop} (given name) :: حَوَّاء {f}, أِيف {f}
even {adj} (arithmetic: divisible by two) :: زَوْجِيّ
even {adv} (implying extreme example) :: حَتَّى, بَل
even if {conj} (irrespective of) :: حَتَّى لَو, حَتَّى إِذَا
evening {n} (time of day between the approximate time of midwinter dusk and midnight) :: مَسَاء {m}
evening star {n} (planet Venus seen in the evening) :: نَجْمُ الْمَسَاء {m}
event {n} (occurrence) :: وَاقِعَة {f}, حَادِثَة {f}
event horizon {n} (gravitational sphere within which light cannot escape) :: أُفُق اَلْحَدَث {m}
even though {conj} (although) :: بالرغم من /bir-raḡm min/
ever {adv} (at any time) :: يَوْمًا
Everest {prop} (Mount Everest) SEE: Mount Everest ::
ever since {conj} (continuously since) :: مُنْذُ
every {determiner} (all of a countable group) :: كُلّ
everybody {pron} (all people) :: اَلْجَمِيع, كُلّ شَخْص
every day {adv} (daily) SEE: daily ::
everyone {pron} (every person) :: الْجَمِيع, كُلّ شَخْص
everything {pron} (all the things) :: كُلَّهُ {m}, كُلَّهُم {p}, كُلّ شَيْء
every time {adv} (at each occasion that) :: فِي كُلّ مَرَّة
everywhere {adv} (at all places) :: فِي كُلِّ مَكَانٍ
evict {v} (to expel) :: أَجْلَى, طَرَدَ
eviction {n} (the act of evicting) :: طَرْد {m}
evil {adj} (intending to harm) :: شِرِّير
evil {n} (moral badness, wickedness) :: شَرّ {m}
evil eye {n} (wicked look) :: عَيْن اَلْحَسُود {f}
evoke {v} (to cause the manifestation of) :: اِسْتَحْضَارَ, اِسْتَدَعَى
evolution {n} (general: a gradual process of development) :: تَطَوُّر {m}
evolution {n} (biology: change in the genetic composition of a population over time) :: تَطَوُّر {m}
evolutionary biology {n} (sub-field of biology) :: علم الأحياء التطوري
evolutionary developmental biology {n} (branch of biology) :: علم الأحياء النمائي التطوري
ew {interj} (expression of disgust or nausea) :: يَع
ewe {n} (female sheep) :: نَعْجَة {f}
ewer {n} (widemouthed pitcher) :: إِبْرِيق {m}
ex {n} (name of the letter X, x) :: إِكْس {m}, إِكْس {m} /ʾeks/
exact {adj} (precisely agreeing) :: مَضْبُوط, دَقِيق
exactly {adv} (in an exact manner) :: بِالضَّبْط /bi-ḍ-ḍabṭ/, تَمَامًا
exaggerate {v} (to overstate, to describe more than is fact) :: بَالَغَ
examination {n} (act of examining) :: اِخْتِبَار {m}, اِمْتِحَان {m}
examination {n} (inspection by a doctor) :: فَحْص {m}
examination {n} (formal test) :: اِمْتِحَان {m}, اِخْتِبَار {m}
examine {v} (to observe or inspect carefully or critically) :: يفحص
example {n} (something representative of a group) :: مِثَال {m}, مَثَل {m}, أُمْثُولَة {f},
example {n} (something serving to explain or illustrate a rule) :: مِثَال {m}
Excalibur {prop} (Legendary sword) :: إِكْسْكَالِيبُر
excavator {n} (curette used to scrape out pathological material) SEE: curette ::
excavator {n} (vehicle, often on tracks, used to dig ditches etc; a backhoe) :: حَفَّارَة {f}, حَفَّارَة آلِيَّة {f} /ḥaffāra ʾāliyya/, حَفَّارَة مِيكَانِيكِيَّة {f} /ḥaffāra mīkānīkiyya/
Excellency {n} (Form of address for certain high officials or dignitaries) :: سَعَادَة {f}
excellent {adj} (of the highest quality) :: مُمْتَاز, فَاخِر
except {v} (to exclude) :: اِسْتَثْنَى
except {prep} (with the exception of) :: إِلَّا, بِاسْتِثْنَاء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/, عَدَا, دُونَ, سِوَى, حَاشَا, خَلَا, غَيْر
except {conj} (with the exception that) :: إِلَّا, بِاسْتِثْنَاء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/, عَدَا, دُونَ, سِوَّى ,حَشَا, خَلَا,
exception {n} (act of excepting or excluding; exclusion) :: اِسْتِثْنَاء {m}
exception {n} (that which is excepted or taken out from others) :: اِسْتِثْنَاء {m}
exceptional {adj} (forming an exception) :: اِسْتِثْنَائِيّ
exceptional {adj} (superior due to exception or rarity) :: اِسْتِثْنَائِيّ
excerpt {n} (a clip, snippet, passage or extract from a larger work) :: نبذة – مقتطفات من
exchange {n} (act of exchanging or trading) :: تَبْدِيل {m}, تَبَادُل {m}, صَرْف {m}
exchange {v} (To trade or barter) :: تَبَادَلَ, صَرَفَ
exchange rate {n} (currency rate (finance)) :: سِعْر صَرْف {m}
exchequer {n} (treasury) SEE: treasury ::
excited {adj} (having great enthusiasm) :: مُتَحَمِّس
excited {adj} (being in a state of higher energy) :: مُتَهَيِّج
exclamation {n} (exclamation mark) SEE: exclamation mark ::
exclamation mark {n} (punctuation “!”) :: !, عَلَامَة تَعَجُّب {f} /ʿalāmat taʿajjub/, عَلَامَة هُتَاف {f} /ʿalāmat hutāf/
exclamation point {n} (exclamation mark) SEE: exclamation mark ::
excluding {prep} (to the exclusion of) :: بِاسْتِثْنَاء /bi-stiṯnāʾ/
excrement {n} (human and animal solid waste) :: غَائِط {m}, بِرَاز {m}, خَرَاء {m}, خِرَاء {m}
excuse {v} (forgive, pardon) :: غَفَرَ
excuse {v} (allow to leave) :: اِعْتَذَرَ
excuse {n} (explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgement) :: عُذْر {m}
excuse me {phrase} (request to repeat) :: عَفْوًا!, [to a male] مَاذَا قُلْتَ؟, [to a female] مَاذَا قُلْتِ؟, [to a male] مَرَّة ثَانِيَة، مِن فَضْلِكَ؟ /márra ṯāniya, min faḍlika?/, [to a female] مَرَّة ثَانِيَة، مِن فَضْلِكِ؟ /márra ṯāniya, min faḍliki?/, عُذْراً!
excuse me {phrase} (request for attention) :: عَن إِذْنَك [to man], عَن إِذْنِك [to woman], عَفْوًا, عَذْرًا
excuse me {phrase} (request to pass) :: المَعْذِرَة
excuse me {phrase} (sorry, as apology) :: اِعْذِرْنِي, آسِف!, آسِفَة! {f}
execute {v} (to kill as punishment) :: أَعْدَمَ
execute {v} (To start a defined process and run it to completion) :: ينفذ
execute {v} (To start a defined process, without regard to whether it runs to completion or not) :: ينفذ
execute {v} (To start, launch or run software) :: ينفذ
execution {n} (act of putting to death or being put to death as a penalty) :: إِعْدَام {m} (also spelled إِعْدَام {m})
exemplar {n} (something fit to be imitated) :: أُسْوَة {f}
exercise {n} (any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability) :: تَمْرِين {m}, تَدْرِيب {m}
exercise {n} (physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness) :: تَمْرِين {m}
exercise book {n} (booklet for students) :: دَفْتَر {m}, كُرَّاس {m}
exhalation {n} (meteor) SEE: meteor ::
exhalation {n} (act or process of exhaling) :: زَفِير {m}
exhaust {v} (to drain, metaphorically; to wear out) :: اِسْتَهْلَكَ, اِسْتَنْفَدَ
exhibit {n} (something exhibited) :: مَعْرُوض {m}
exhibition {n} (large scale public showing of objects or products) :: مَعْرَض {m}
exile {n} (the state of being banished from one's home or country) :: نَفْي, نَفْي
exist {v} (to be) :: وُجِدَ
existence {n} (state of being, existing, or occurring) :: وُجُود {m}
existentialism {n} (philosophical movement) :: وُجُودِيَّة {f}
exit {n} (way out) :: مَخْرَج {m}
exit {v} (go out) :: خَرَجَ
exoplanet {n} (planet outside Earth's solar system) :: كَوْكَب خَارِج اَلْمَجْمُوعَة اَلشَّمْسِيَّة {m} /kawkab ḵārij al-majmūʿa š-šamsiyya/
exorcism {n} (ritual driving out of evil spirits) :: رُقْيَة
exoskeleton {n} (hard outer structure) :: هَيْكَل خَارِجِيّ
expansion {n} (act of expanding) :: تَمَدُّد {m}, تَوَسُّع {m}
expatriate {n} (person living outside own country) :: مُغْتَرِب {m}
expatriate {n} (person banished from their own country) :: مَنْفِيّ {m}
expect {v} (to expect) SEE: look ::
expect {v} :: تَوَقَّعَ
expectorate {v} (spit) SEE: spit ::
expect the unexpected {v} ( Not be surprised by the usual events. Anything might happen) :: تَوَقَّعَ مَا هُوَ غَيْر مُتَوَقَّع
expensive {adj} (having a high price or cost) :: غَالٍ [indefinite], الْغَالِي [definite]
experience {n} (event(s) of which one is cognizant) :: خِبْرَة {f}, تَجْرِبَة {f}
experience {n} (activity which one has performed) :: اِخْتِبَار {m}
experience {n} (collection of events and/or activities from which an individual or group may gather knowledge) :: خِبْرَة {f}
expert {n} (person with extensive knowledge or ability) :: مُتَخَصِّص {m}
expiration date {n} (expiration date) SEE: expiry date ::
expire {v} (die) SEE: die ::
expired {adj} (dead) SEE: dead ::
expiry {n} (death) SEE: death ::
expiry date {n} (date something expires) :: تاريخ انهاء الصلاحية
explain {v} (report) :: شَرَحَ, فَسَّرَ
expletive {n} (profane, vulgar term) SEE: swear word ::
explicit {adj} (very specific) :: صريح {m}
explode {v} (to destroy with an explosion) :: تَفْرَقَعَ
explode {v} (to explode (intransitive)) :: اِنْفَجَرَ
exploit {v} (use for one’s advantage) :: اِسْتَغَلَّ
exploration {n} (act of exploring) :: اِسْتِكْشَاف {m}
explorer {n} (person who explores) :: مُسْتَكْشِف
explorer {n} :: رَحّلَة
explosion {n} (violent release of energy) :: اِنْفِجَار {m}, تَفْجِير {m}
exponent {n} ((in mathematics) the power to which something is raised) :: أس {m}
exponential {adj} (relating to an exponent) :: أُسِّيّ
exponential {adj} (expressed in terms of a power of e) :: أُسِّيّ
exponential {adj} (having a high or rapid rate of change) :: أُسِّيّ
export {n} (the act of exporting) :: تَصْدِير {m}
export {v} (to sell (goods) to a foreign country) :: صَدَّرَ
exposition {n} (action of putting something out to public view) :: مَعْرِض {m}
express {v} (to convey meaning) :: أَعْرَبَ
expression {n} (particular way of phrasing an idea) :: تَعْبِير {m}
expression {n} (colloquialism or idiom) :: تَعْبِير {m}
expression {n} (facial appearance) :: سِيمَاء {f}
expressionism {n} (movement in the arts) :: تَعْبِيرِيَّة
expressway {n} (freeway) SEE: freeway ::
extent {n} (space, area, volume to which something extends) :: اِتِّسَاع {m}, مَدَّى {f}
exterior {adj} (being from outside a country) SEE: foreign ::
extinct {adj} (having died out) :: مُنْقَرِض {m}
extra- {prefix} (outside, beyond) :: خارج عن {m} {m-p}
extraneous {adj} (not belonging to, or dependent upon, a thing) :: خَارِجِيّ
extraordinary {adj} (not ordinary) :: اِسْتِثْنَائِيّ, غَيْرُ عَادِيّ
extraterrestrial {adj} (originating from outside of the Earth) :: قَائِمٌ خَارِجَ اَلْأَرْض
extreme {adj} (of a place, the most remote, farthest or outermost) :: الْأُقْصَى, الْأَبْعَد, الْأَكْثَر
extreme {adj} (in the greatest or highest degree; intense) :: شَدِيد
extreme {adj} (excessive, or far beyond the norm) :: غَيْر اِعْتِيَادِيّ
extreme {adj} (drastic, or of great severity) :: خَطِير, مُمِيت
extreme {adj} (of sports, difficult or dangerous; performed in a hazardous environment) :: مُتَطَرِّف
extreme {adj} (archaic: ultimate, final or last) :: أَخِير
extremism {n} (extreme ideas or actions) :: تَطَرُّف {m}
extremist {n} (person who holds extreme views) :: مُتَطَرِّف {m}, مُتَطَرِّفَة {f}
extremist {adj} (holding extreme views) :: تَطَرُّفِيّ
extremity {n} (limb) SEE: limb ::
extrovert {adj} (one who is outgoing, sociable) :: منبسط, اِنْبِسَاطِيّ, العكس من خجول
eye {n} (organ) :: عَيْن {f}
eye {v} :: حَدَّجَ
eyeball {n} (ball of the eye) :: مُقْلَة اَلْعَيْن {f} /muqlat al-ʿayn/
eyebrow {n} (hair that grows over the bone ridge above the eye socket) :: حَاجِب {m}
eye for an eye {n} (compensation for an injury) :: الْعَيْن بِالْعَيْن
eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth {proverb} (compensation for an injury) :: الْعَيْن بِالْعَيْن وَالسِّنّ بِالسِّنّ
eyeglasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
eyehole {n} (eye socket) SEE: eye socket ::
eyelash {n} (hair growing on the edge of an eyelid) :: رِمْش, [collective] هُدْب {m}
eyelid {n} ((anatomy) a thin skin membrane that covers and moves over an eye) :: جَفْن {m}
eye shadow {n} (makeup around the eyes) :: ظِلّ الْعَيْن {m}
eyesight {n} (faculty of sight) :: نَظَر {m}, رُؤْيَة {f}, بصر {m} /baṣar/
eye socket {n} (socket of eye) :: مِحْجَر {m}, حَجَاج {m}
eye tooth {n} (canine tooth) SEE: canine tooth ::
eyewitness {n} (person who has seen and can testify about an event) :: شاهد عيان
ezafe {n} (grammatical particle) :: إِضَافَة {f}
Ezekiel {prop} (book of the Bible) :: حِزْقِيَال {m}
Ezekiel {prop} (male given name) :: حِزْقِيَال {m}
Ezra {prop} (Jewish high priest) :: عُزَيْر {m}