User:Sobreira/PIE roots bd

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Contents

bʰeg- (#bʰeg-) bʰegʷ- (#bʰegʷ-) bʰeh₁- (#bʰeh₁-) bʰeh₂- (#bʰeh₂-) bʰeh₂g- (#bʰeh₂g-) bʰeh₃g- (#bʰeh₃g-) bʰelǵʰ- (#bʰelǵʰ-) bʰendʰ- (#bʰendʰ-) bʰer- (#bʰer-) bʰergʰ- (#bʰergʰ-) bʰerǵʰ- (#bʰerǵʰ-) bʰewdʰ- (#bʰewdʰ-) bʰewg- (#bʰewg-) bʰewgʰ- (#bʰewgʰ-) bʰeyd- (#bʰeyd-) bʰeydʰ- (#bʰeydʰ-) bʰleh₁- (#bʰleh₁-) bʰleh₃- (#bʰleh₃-) bʰlendʰ- (#bʰlendʰ-) bʰleyǵ- (#bʰleyǵ-) bʰredʰ- (#bʰredʰ-) bʰreg- (#bʰreg-) bʰrem- (#bʰrem-) bʰrewh₁- (#bʰrewh₁-) bʰruHg- (#bʰruHg-) bʰuH- (#bʰuH-) deh₁- (#deh₁-) deh₃- (#deh₃-) deḱ- (#deḱ-) deḱs- (#deḱs-) delh₁- (#delh₁-) dem- (#dem-) demh₂- (#demh₂-) denḱ- (#denḱ-) der- (#der-) derbʰ- (#derbʰ-) derḱ- (#derḱ-) dewh₂- (#dewh₂-) dewk- (#dewk-) deyḱ- (#deyḱ-) dʰegʷʰ- (#dʰegʷʰ-) dʰeh₁- (#dʰeh₁-) dʰeh₁(y)- (#dʰeh₁(y)-) dʰengʰ- (#dʰengʰ-) dʰer- (#dʰer-) dʰers- (#dʰers-) dʰew- (#dʰew-) dʰewb- (#dʰewb-) dʰewgʰ- (#dʰewgʰ-) dʰewh₂- (#dʰewh₂-) dʰewp- (#dʰewp-) dʰeyǵʰ- (#dʰeyǵʰ-) dʰregʰ- (#dʰregʰ-) dʰrewgʰ- (#dʰrewgʰ-) dʰwen- (#dʰwen-) dʰwer- (#dʰwer-) dwey- (#dwey-) dyew- (#dyew-)

B[edit]

bʰeg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3][4]

  1. to break

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bheg-, bheng-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 114-115
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeg-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 66-67
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*bʰeg-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, page 6
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*bʰeg-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bego-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  6. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “bekanem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 174-175
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bengti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 86-87
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “baigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 76
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “banga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 81
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “beigti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 86
  11. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “pkante*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 439
  12. 12.0 12.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*baǰ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 3-4

bʰegʷ-[edit]

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This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apparently originally the same root as the synonymous *bʰewg-[1].

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[2][3]

  1. to flee
    Synonym: *bʰewg-
  2. to run

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grigoraș, Mihai (2016), “Why did φόβος mean φυγή in Homeric Greek?”, in M.-L. Dumitru Oancea, A.-C. Halichias and N.-A. Popa, editors, Expressions of Fear from Antiquity to the Contemporary World, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, →ISBN, pages 33–40
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bʰeg-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 116
  3. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeg-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 67
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bě̀gati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 39-40
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bėgti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 85-86
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*běžàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 40-41
  7. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “φέβομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1559

bʰeh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to foment; warm; bathe

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰéh₁-(e)-ti (root present)
  • *bʰh₁-tó-s
    • Germanic: *baþą (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • (perhaps) Old Armenian: բով (bov)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰeh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to shine, glow light

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (shine) not found

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[6][7]

  1. to speak, say

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (speak) not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhā-, bhō-, bhə”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 104-105
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1. *bʰeh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 68-69
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*baH”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bëj ~ bâj”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 22
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bāno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 55
  6. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhā-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 105-106
  7. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2. *bʰeh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 69-70
  8. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 165


bʰeh₂g-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to divide, distribute, allot

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 65
  2. 2.0 2.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1543
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1–2
  4. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 55
  5. 5.0 5.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2013), “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[1], issue 10, page 99
  6. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 51
  7. ^ Hinz, Walther (1975) Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenüberlieferungen (Göttinger Orientforschungen, Reihe III, Iranica; 3)‎[2] (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, page 53
  8. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 45
  9. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, pages 388—389

bʰeh₃g-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to bake, to roast, to fry

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰéh₃g-e-ti (full-grade thematic root present)
    • Hellenic:
  • *bʰh₃g-é-ti (zero-grade thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *bakaną (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰelǵʰ-[edit]

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This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Confer with *bʰleh₁- (to swell, blow, inflate, burst) and *bʰlew-.

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to swell

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰélǵʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *belganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-éye-ti (causative)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-eh₂-ye-ti
  • *bʰólǵʰ-o-s
    • Celtic: *bolgos (sack) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-i-s
    • Germanic: *balgiz (bag) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-is-
  • *bʰolǵʰ-in-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *bʰolǵʰ-in-eh₂
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic:
        • South Slavic:
          • Serbo-Croatian: blàzina (pillow, bolster)
  • *bʰolǵʰ-no-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Old Lithuanian: balgnas (saddle)
      • Old Prussian: balgnan (saddle)
  • *bʰelǵʰ-u-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Germanic: *bulgijǭ
      • Middle Low German: bulge (wave, hide)
      • Middle High German: bulge (wave, leather bag)
      • Old Norse: bylgja (wave)
    • Germanic: *bulstraz (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 123—126

bʰendʰ-[edit]

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This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2]

  1. to bind
  2. bond

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰer-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1]

  1. to bear, carry

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “forda”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 232
  3. ^ Trubačev O. N., editor (1974), “*berdja”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 01, Moscow: Nauka, page 188f
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “bèrmę”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37

bʰergʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to safeguard, to protect
  2. to preserve

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰérgʰ-(e)-ti (root present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *berťi (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *berganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰr̥gʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
    • Germanic: *burgijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • bʰorgʰ-o-
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰerǵʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to rise
  2. high, lofty
  3. hill, mountain

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhereg̑h-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 140-141
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰerg̑ʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 78-79
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*bʰerg̑ʰ-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 30-34
  4. 4.0 4.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “pärk-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 399
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “parkii̯e/a-ᶻⁱ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 736-737
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*barz”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 12-13
  7. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “*barj-u”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 171
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*burg-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 85
  9. 9.0 9.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*burg-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 85
  10. 10.0 10.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*brig-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 77
  11. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*brigo/ā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 77-78
  12. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “*bȇrgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37
  13. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “fortis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 236
  14. 14.0 14.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “pärkäre*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 399

bʰewdʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to be awake, be aware

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*bheudh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 150-152
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰeu̯dʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 82-83
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*bʰeu̯dʰ-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 36-37
  4. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  5. 5.0 5.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πυνθάνομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1258
  6. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*baud¹”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 14-15
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bľustì”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 46
  8. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “paut-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 437
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bu-n-do-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 83
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bъděti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 68-69
  11. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “budėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 104
  12. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “baudyti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 83
  13. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “busti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 107
  14. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*buda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 81
  15. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bъ̀drъ; bъ̀dŗъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 69
  16. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “budrus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 104-105

bʰewg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apparently originally the same root as the synonymous *bʰegʷ-[1].

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[2]

  1. to flee
    Synonym: *bʰegʷ-

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grigoraș, Mihai (2016), “Why did φόβος mean φυγή in Homeric Greek?”, in M.-L. Dumitru Oancea, A.-C. Halichias and N.-A. Popa, editors, Expressions of Fear from Antiquity to the Contemporary World, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, →ISBN, pages 33–40
  2. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

bʰewgʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to bend
  2. curve; swelling

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

With metathesis *gʰewbʰ-.

  • *gʰu-né-bʰ- ~ *gʰu-m-bʰ- (nasal-infix present)
  • *gʰubʰ-néw- ~ *gʰubʰ-nu- (nu-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *gʰowbʰ-eye- (causative/iterative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *gubìti (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰeyd-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)[1]

  1. to split

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

bʰeydʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1]

  1. to trust

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

bʰleh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to blow

This may be a specialization of the root for "to cry". LIV reconstructs a single root meaning "to howl".[2]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (blow) not found

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[3]

  1. to bleat
  2. to cry

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (bleat) not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill


bʰleh₃-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. bloom, flower

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰléh₃-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *blōaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰléh₃-mō ~ *bʰl̥h₃-m̥n-és
    • Germanic: *blōmô (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰleh₃-s-
    • Italic: *flōs
      • Latin: flōs (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰléh₃tis
  • *bʰléh₃tus
    • Celtic: *blātus (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰl̥h₃-oto-
    • Germanic: *bladą (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰolh₃-yom
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:
      • Latin: folium (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1596–1597

bʰlendʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to blend, to mix up
  2. to make cloudy, opaque
  3. blond, red-haired, ruddy (alternative/contested)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰleyǵ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended form of *bʰley- (to shine), reanalysed root of *bʰléyti, from *bʰel- (to shine) +‎ *-éyti (*éy-present suffix).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to shine

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰléyǵ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *blīkaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰli-né-ǵ-ti ~ *bʰli-n-ǵ-énti (nasal-infix present)
    • Germanic: *blinkaną (see there for further descendants)
      • Germanic: *blankaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰliǵ-sḱé-ti (*sḱe-present)
  • *bʰloyǵ-ó-s
    • Germanic: *blaikaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰlóyǵ-s-ko-s

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰredʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to wade

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰredʰ- (root present)
  • *bʰrodʰ-os
  • Unsorted formations:

bʰreg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[2][3]

  1. to break

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰreg- (root present)
    • Germanic: *brekaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰr̥-ne-g- ~ *bʰr̥-n-g- (nasal-infix present)
  • *bʰreg-eh₂
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰrem-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. to make noise

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*bherem-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 142-143
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*bʰrem-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 94
  3. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*brem-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 76
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*breman- ~ *brimman-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 75
  6. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “bram”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 24-25
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “fremō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 241
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Monier Williams (1899), “Sobreira/PIE roots bd”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 769/3.
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*brummōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 80

bʰrewh₁-[edit]

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This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *bʰerw-
  • *bʰrew-[1]

Etymology[edit]

Extension of *bʰer- (to boil).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. to boil
  2. to brew

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

From *bʰrewh₁-:

  • *bʰrewh₁- (root present)
    • Germanic: *brewwaną (to brew) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰréh₁wr̥
  • *bʰrowh₁-tó-
    • Germanic: (possibly) *braudą (bread) (see there for further descendants)

From *bʰrew-:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “brouwen”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

bʰruHg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to make use of; have enjoyment of

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *bʰruHg-e-ti (root present)
    • Germanic: *brūkaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰruHg-ye-ti (ye-present)
  • *bʰruHg-s
  • *bʰruHg-tó-s
  • *bʰruHg-tu-s
  • *bʰruHg-mn̥
  • *bʰruHg-mn̥-to-m

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

bʰuH-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Some sources such as LIV reconstruct full-grade forms *bʰewh₂- or *bʰweh₂-, on the basis of Italic and Celtic preterite and subjunctive stem.[2] According to Jasanoff, this root has no full grade, and the laryngeal cannot be precisely determined.[3]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)

  1. to become, grow, appear

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

Note: In many descendants, this root formed a suppletive verbal paradigm together with other roots, such as *h₁es- and *h₂wes-.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 98-101
  3. ^ Jay Jasanoff, Hittite and the Indo-European Verb, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, pages 112, 113
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

D[edit]

deh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. to bind

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dē-:də-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 183
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*deh₁-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 103
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “δέω 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 321-322
  4. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “tii̯e/a-zi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  5. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “dúaj, -t”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigaitons into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, pages 149-150
  6. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “dell, -i”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigaitons into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 128

deh₃-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)

  1. to give

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

deḱ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

  1. take
  2. perceive

Descendants[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 189 of 189, 190
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 109-112
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “δέχομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 320-321
  4. 4.0 4.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “das1”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 64
  5. 5.0 5.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “desiti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 100
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “discō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 172
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “decet”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 164
  8. 8.0 8.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “doceō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 176
  9. 9.0 9.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “dositi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 114
  10. 10.0 10.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 94
  11. 11.0 11.1 Karin Stüber (2006) “Die indogermanischen Ausdrücke für ‘rechts’ und ‘links’”. International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction, 3, 61-72.
  12. 12.0 12.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “dexter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 168
  13. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 937
  14. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “δοκέω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 344-345

deḱs-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Stüber suggests *deḱs- continues the *s stem noun *deḱos (that which is proper), from *deḱ- (take, perceive).[1][2]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[2][3]

  1. right (side)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karin Stüber (2006) “Die indogermanischen Ausdrücke für ‘rechts’ und ‘links’”. International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction, 3, 61-72.
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “dexter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 168
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

delh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to split, divide

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

dem-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*dem-[1]

  1. to build (up)
  2. to arrange, to put together

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *dém-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *dṓm (house)
  • *dém-tis
    • Germanic: *tumþiz (agreement) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dem-ro-
    • Germanic: *timrą (building, timber) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dm̥-n-yós
    • Celtic: *damnyos (material, substance) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: dhomë (room, chamber)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

demh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to tame, domesticate

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

denḱ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to bite

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 518
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 299

der-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to split, to separate
  2. to tear, to crack, to shatter

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

derbʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2]

  1. to spin, to twist

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “derbʰ-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 210-211

derḱ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)[1][2][3][4]

  1. to see

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*derk̑-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 213
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*derk̑-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 122
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  4. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*dars-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 61-62

dewh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. to fit

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *du-n-h₂-tór ~ *du-n-h₂-rór (deponent nasal-infix present)
  • *dowh₂-o-s
  • *dowh₂-lo-
    • Germanic: *tōlą (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “tooien”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

dewk-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)

  1. to pull, to draw
  2. to lead (i.e. to pull behind oneself)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *déwk-ti ~ * duk-énti (root present) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dowk-éye-ti (causative)
    • Germanic: *taugijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *duk-s
    • Italic:
  • *duk-is
    • Germanic: *tugiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (tukzi-), [script needed] c (tukkanzi-, cultivation of plants and animals)
    • Germanic: *tugô, *tugōną, *tugilaz (with an -ila- suffix that denotes instruments), *taugō
    • Hellenic:

References[edit]

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “dūcō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 181
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*teuhan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 515
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*duk-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 108
  • Orel, Vladimir (1998), “nduk”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, pages 288-289
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*deu̯k-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 128

deyḱ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1]

  1. to point out

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

dʰegʷʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to burn
  2. warm, hot

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
Unsorted formations
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: հր-դեհ (hr-deh) (possible borrowing)
  • Germanic: *diurijaz (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhegh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 240-241
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*dʰegʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 133-134
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*daǰ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 53-54
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ndez”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 284
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “djeg”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 68
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*degʷi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 93
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “daga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 110
  8. 8.0 8.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τέφρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1475-1476
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “febris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 208

dʰeh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)[1]

  1. to do, put, place

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “facio”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 198-199
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

dʰeh₁(y)-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to suckle, nurse

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

dʰengʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to cover
  2. to overcast

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *dʰéngʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *dʰéngʰ-t ~ *dʰn̥gʰ-ént (athematic root aorist)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Lithuanian: deñgo
      • Balto-Slavic: [Term?] (ye-present)
      • Balto-Slavic: [Term?] (sta-present)
  • *dʰongʰ-eh₂
Unsorted formations
  • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
  • Germanic: *dungaz m, *dungō f (dung, manure) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *dungijaną (to fertilize) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *dungijǭ (dunghill) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *dungiz (cellar) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *dungōną (to cover)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

dʰer-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (perfective)[1][2]

  1. to support
  2. to hold

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Iranian: *dʰar- (hold, stop, bear, carry, receive, hold up right) (see there for further descendants)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dher-, dherə-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 252-254
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*dʰer-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 145-146
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*dar¹”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 57-59
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “derėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 122
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “daryti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 116
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “firmus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 223
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ferē”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 212
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “frēnum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 241-242
  9. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “frētus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 242-243

dʰers-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An *-s- extension of *dʰer- (to hold, support).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to be bold, to dare

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dьrzъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 137
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “drąsus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 136-137
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “θάρσος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 534-535

dʰew-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to die, pass away

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (die) not found
  • *dʰew- (root present)
  • *dʰw-iH-to-
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: դի (di, corpse)
  • *dʰw-iH-tu-
  • *dʰów-tus
    • Germanic: *dauþuz (death) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰow-H-tós
    • Germanic: *daudaz (dead) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Slavic: *dāvìti (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:

Etymology 2[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. to run, flow

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (run) not found

dʰewb-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *dʰewb-

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. deep

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

dʰewgʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to produce[1], to produce something useful[3]
  2. to be strong, have force[4]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 271
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 614a
  4. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 370
  5. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 627–628

dʰewh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. smoke
  2. mist, haze

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *dʰuh₂-oyé-
  • *dʰuh₂-yé-
  • *dʰuh₂-yo-t[2]
  • *dʰuh₂-li-s
  • *dʰowh₂-mos
  • *dʰuh₂-mós (smoke)
  • *dʰowh₂-nis
  • *dʰowh₂-nos
  • *dʰuh₂-yeh₂
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: dujà (drizzle, mist)
  • *dʰowh₂-os
    • Germanic: *dawwaz (dew) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰowh₂-eh₂
    • Germanic: *dawwō (dew) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰowh₂-om
    • Germanic: *dawwą (dew) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰu-s-ko-s
  • *dʰu-s-no-s
    • Germanic: *dusnaz (brownish; yellow)
  • *dʰu-s-wo-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Germanic: *daugō (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *dunstą (mist, dust, evaporation) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Zair, Nicholas (2012) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Celtic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 103.

dʰewp-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. Alternative form of *dʰewb- (deep)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

dʰeyǵʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to knead
  2. to form, to shape

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

From a metathesized form *ǵʰeydʰ-:

  • *ǵʰeydʰ-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *ǵʰeydʰ-o-s
  • *ǵʰidʰ-i-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *zьdь (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 140 of 140, 141
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τεῖχος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1458-1459
  5. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  6. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2003) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 311—316
  7. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 204

dʰregʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to run

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found
  • *dʰrégʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *dʰōrgʰ (nominative), *dʰrogʰs (genitive singular)[2]
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 245–246

dʰrewgʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An extension of *dʰrew- (to mislead).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. to deceive, to mislead

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (deceive) not found
  • *dʰréwgʰ-(e)-ti (root present)[4]
    • Germanic: *dreuganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrugʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
  • *dʰrówgʰ-os (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrugʰ-o-[5]
    • Germanic: *drugą (delusion) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrowgʰ-mos[6]
    • Germanic: *draumaz (dream) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “2. dhreugh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 276
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1.*dʰreu̯gʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 157
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “drauǰ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 80-81
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreugan- 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*drauga-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 100
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*drauma-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 100-101

Etymology 2[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2]

  1. to serve one's tribe
  2. loyal

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd (serve) not found
  • *dʰréwgʰ-e-ti (root present)[3]
    • Germanic: *dreuganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrewgʰ-os[4]
    • Germanic: *dreugaz (enduring, lasting) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰrowgʰ-os[5][6]
    • Balto-Slavic: *draugas (friend) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰréwgʰ-tis[7]
    • Germanic: *druhtiz (troop) (see there for further descendants)
      • Germanic: *druhtinaz (leader, lord) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhereugh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 254-255
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?2.*dʰreu̯gʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 157
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreugan- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dreuga-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 102
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*drȗgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 121-122
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “draugas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*druhti-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 104


dʰwen-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd

  1. make a noise

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

dʰwer-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2][3]

  1. door

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhu̯ē̆r-, dhu̯ō̆r-, dhur-, dhur̥-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 278-279
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “*dhu̯ṓr”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, pages 168-169
  3. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*dʰu̯ór-, *dʰur-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 130-135
  4. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “andurza”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 226
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dvьrь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 128
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “durys”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 147
  7. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “duṙn”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 243-244
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*dura-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 110
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*durī-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 110
  10. 10.0 10.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “θύρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 565-566
  11. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “foris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 233
  12. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “derë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 60
  13. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “dvaras”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 148-149
  14. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*dvòrъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 128
  15. 15.0 15.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*dworā, *duro-, *dworestu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 111-112
  16. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “forum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 237
  17. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “twere*”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, pages 344-345

dwey-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1][2]

  1. to fear

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 267
  4. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 267–268

dyew-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots bd[1]

  1. to be bright
  2. sky, heaven

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots bd not found

Some derivations have undergone metathesis of the root, giving *deyw-.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ [3], Dehkhoda Dictionary,"لیو" entry.

Further reading[edit]