User:Sobreira/PIE roots s

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

(H)yeh₁- (#(H)yeh₁-) (s)kel- (#(s)kel-) (s)kelH- (#(s)kelH-) (s)kelh₁- (#(s)kelh₁-) (s)ker- (#(s)ker-) (s)kleh₂w- (#(s)kleh₂w-) (s)kreybʰ- (#(s)kreybʰ-) (s)meld- (#(s)meld-) (s)mer- (#(s)mer-) (s)merd- (#(s)merd-) (s)meyh₂- (#(s)meyh₂-) (s)neh₁- (#(s)neh₁-) (s)neh₂- (#(s)neh₂-) (s)peyk- (#(s)peyk-) (s)teg- (#(s)teg-) (s)tew- (#(s)tew-) (s)tewd- (#(s)tewd-) (s)tewg- (#(s)tewg-) (s)tewk- (#(s)tewk-) (s)tewp- (#(s)tewp-) sed- (#sed-) seǵʰ- (#seǵʰ-) seh₁- (#seh₁-) seh₂- (#seh₂-) seh₂g- (#seh₂g-) sek- (#sek-) sekʷ- (#sekʷ-) selp- (#selp-) sem- (#sem-) sent- (#sent-) sep- (#sep-) ser- (#ser-) sewH- (#sewH-) seykʷ- (#seykʷ-) skel- (#skel-) skey- (#skey-) skeyd- (#skeyd-) smeyt- (#smeyt-) sneg- (#sneg-) sneygʷʰ- (#sneygʷʰ-) solh₂- (#solh₂-) speh₁- (#speh₁-) speḱ- (#speḱ-) sperH- (#sperH-) spey- (#spey-) srebʰ- (#srebʰ-) srew- (#srew-) steh₂- (#steh₂-) stel- (#stel-) sterh₃- (#sterh₃-) steygʰ- (#steygʰ-) strengʰ- (#strengʰ-) strew- (#strew-) sweh₂d- (#sweh₂d-) swep- (#swep-) swer- (#swer-) sweyd- (#sweyd-)

()[edit]

(H)yeh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)[1]

  1. to throw

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *(H)yeh₁- (root aorist)
    • Hellenic:
  • *(H)yi-(H)yeh₁- (reduplicated present)
    • Hellenic:

Extended root *(H)yeh₁k-:

  • *(H)yeh₁k- (root aorist)
  • *(H)yh₁k-ye- (ye-present)
  • *(H)yh₁k-eh₁-(ye)- (eh₁-stative)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “iaciō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

(s)kel-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to bend, crook
  2. bent, crooked
  3. (bent or curved body parts) leg, heel, knee, hip

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


See also[edit]

References[edit]

(s)kelH-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to cut
  2. to split, to separate

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

(s)kelh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to parch, wither

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *skelh₁-ye- (ye-present)
  • *skelh₁-to-

Metathesized variant *(s)kleh₁-.

References[edit]

(s)ker-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to cut off

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to turn, bend

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


See also[edit]

References[edit]

(s)kleh₂w-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *(s)kel-.

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

  1. a hook, crook, peg

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


Extended form *kle(h₂)uk-[5][6][7][8]
Extended form *(s)kleh₂ud-[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “claudō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 118
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “clāvis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 119
  3. 3.0 3.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “clāvus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 119
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “κλείς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 711-712
  5. 5.0 5.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kļučiti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 226
  6. 6.0 6.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kļúčь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 226
  7. 7.0 7.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*kļùka”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 226
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Derksen, Rick (2015), “kliūti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 252
  9. 9.0 9.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 207

(s)kreybʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *sek-.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to scratch, to tear

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “(s)kerībh”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 946-947
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*krei̯bʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 562
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “skriebti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 408
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “scrībō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 546-547
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*skrībb-ā-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 344
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “σκαρῑφάομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1344

(s)meld-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to soften, to melt

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *(s)méld-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *sml̥d-o-s
    • Germanic: *smultaz (see there for further descendants)

(s)mer-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to fall into thinking, remember, care for

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (remember) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “(s)mer”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 969
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1.*(s)mer-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 569-570
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*hmar”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, pages 137-138
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ῑ̔́μερος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 591

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to assign, allot

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (assign) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “smer”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 970
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2.*smer-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 570
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “μείρομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 922-923
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mereō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 374-375
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*marsto/i-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 258-259

(s)merd-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[2]

  1. to bite, to sting

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

(s)meyh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to laugh, to be glad

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “(s)mei-, smeu-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 967
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*smei̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 568-569
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “μειδιάω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 920
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*smьjàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 456-457
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “smiet”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, pages 550-551
  6. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “smi-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, page 791
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mīrus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 382
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “cōmis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 129

(s)neh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to spin (thread), to sew

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *(s)néh₁- (root present)[1]
    • Germanic: *nēaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: νέω (néō)
    • Italic: *nēō
  • *(s)néh₁-tr- or *(s)n̥h₁-tr- (adder)
    • Germanic: *nadrǭ/*nadraz (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: natrīx (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)néh₁-tlo-
    • Germanic: *nēþlō (needle) (see there for further descendants)
  • *snḗh₁-w-r̥
  • *snoh₁-t-éh₂
    • Germanic: *snōdō (string; rope) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 571 of 571, 572

(s)neh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. to swim, to float

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian: *snaH-
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (ysänāh-)
      • Kurdish: ajne
      • Manichaean Middle Persian: 𐫙𐫢𐫗𐫀𐫉 (ʿšnʾz)
      • Middle Persian: [script needed] (šnʾc, /šnāz-/, to swim)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 971-972
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*(s)neh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 572-573
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “nō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 411
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*snā-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 348
  5. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*snaH”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, pages 348-349
  6. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*(s)neh₂-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 572-573

(s)peyk-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. name of a bird
  2. woodpecker
  3. magpie

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pīcus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page page464

(s)teg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (imperfective)

  1. to cover

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

(s)tew-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to push, to hit

Extensions[edit]

References[edit]

  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

(s)tewd-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended from *(s)tew- (to push, hit).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to push, to hit

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

(s)tewg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended from *(s)tew- (to push, hit).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to push, to hit

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

(s)tewk-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended from *(s)tew- (to push, hit).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to push, to hit

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *tuk-os

References[edit]

  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

(s)tewp-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended from *(s)tew- (to push, hit).

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to push, to stick

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *tewp- (root present)
  • *tup-ye- (zero-grade ye-present)
  • *stup-eh₁-(ye)- (stative)
  • *tup-os
  • *stup-os ~ *stup-es-

References[edit]

  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

S[edit]

sed-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)[1]

  1. to sit

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

seǵʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to hold
  2. to overpower

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

seh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)[1][2]

  1. to impress, insert
  2. to sow, to plant

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “sē(i)- : səi- : sī-; sē- : sə- und sei- : si-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 889-890
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*seh₁-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 517-518
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “serō, -ere 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 557
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sě̀ti I; *sě̀jati I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 447-448
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 395
  6. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 134
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sēda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 429
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sēdi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 430
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sēdla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 430
  10. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sīlo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 336

seh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to satiate, satisfy

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *seh₂- (root present) or *sh₂-ye- (ye-present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἄω (áō)
  • *sh₂-tós
    • Germanic: *sadaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *séh₂-tis
    • Italic:
      • Latin: satis (adverb) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian sotis (satiety), sótus (satisfied, full)
      • Latvian: sāts (satiety)
      • Slavic: *sytъ (satisfied, satiated) (with obscure origin of *y)
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: sáith (satiety)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

seh₂g-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[2]

  1. to seek out

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

sek-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[3]

  1. to cut

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *sék-ti (root present)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *sěťi (to cut) (with unexplained -ě-) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-eh₂-yé-ti[3] or *sek-h₁-yé-ti[1]
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: secō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sok-éh₂
    • Germanic: *sagō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sék-no-m
  • *sék-s-o-s
  • *sok-s-ó-m
    • Germanic: *sahsą (see there for further descendants)
  • *sek-ūr-
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Slavic: *sekyra (axe) (< *sek-)
    • Italic: [Term?]
  • *sék-tleh₂
    • Italic: [Term?]
Unsorted formations
  • Albanian: shat (hoe, mattock)
  • Italic: [Term?]
  • (possibly) Germanic: *seglą (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

sekʷ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to follow

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (follow) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “sek-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 896-897
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*sek-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 525-526
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sekti I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 392
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sekʷ-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 328
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἕπομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 447
  6. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*hač”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, pages 124-125
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sequor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 555-556
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sagja- 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 420
  9. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 888

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to see

Notes[edit]

Some sources relate this root to the one above, suggesting that the meaning "see" derives from "follow with the eyes". Others consider this an unlikely development, considering that "see" is a more basic and primary meaning than "follow", which is more abstract.[2] (However, compare e.g. Latvian redzēt (see) from *h₃reǵ- (stretch, etc.), and Tocharian AB läk- (see) from *leǵ- (gather).)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (see) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sehwan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 431-432
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*seuni-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 434-435
  5. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “šākuu̯a-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 812-815
  6. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “shoh”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, pages 425-426

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to say

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (say) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “sek-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 897-898
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*sek-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 526-527
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sekʷ-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 328
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “īnsece / inquam”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 304
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sočìti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 458
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sakyti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 387
  7. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 133
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sagjan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 420
  9. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*skʷetlo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 338-339
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sokъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 459
  11. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*sagō(n)-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 421


selp-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3]

  1. fat, oil

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*selp-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 612-613
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001), “sarpís-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 710-711

sem-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. together, one

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

sent-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to head for, to go

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (go) not found


  • *sent- (root present)
  • *sont-éye- (causative)
    • Germanic: *sandijaną (to send) (see there for further descendants)
  • *sént-os
    • Germanic: *sinþaz (journey, path)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[2][1]

  1. to feel

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (feel) not found


  • *sent-ye- or *sn̥t-ye- (ye-present)
  • *sent-n- (n-suffix present)
    • Germanic: *sinnaną (to consider, to contemplate)
  • *sent-nos
    • Germanic: *sinnaz (sense, meaning) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill


sep-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Kroonen explains the a in Latin, and perhaps Germanic, as a "schwa secundum": an epenthetic vowel arising in the zero grade *sp-.[2] De Vaan assumes a laryngeal origin instead, and posits zero-grade *sHp-, while noting that the full grade was likely *seh₁p- based on a long vowel *sēp- found in Sabellic.[1]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[2][1]

  1. to taste, to try out

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *sp-ye- (ye-present)
    • Italic: *sapjō
      • Latin: sapiō (see there for further descendants)
  • *sp-ye- or *sop-ye- or *sop-éye-
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:
      • Oscan: sipus (knowing)
      • Volscian: sepu (knowing) (ablative singular)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

ser-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to bind, to tie together
  2. thread

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

sewH-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps an extension of *sew- (to pour; squeeze).

Root[edit]

*sewh₁- or *sewh₃-[1]

  1. to bear (a child)
  2. to give birth

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 913-914
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “?*seu̯H-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 538
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*hauH²”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 135
  4. 4.0 4.1 Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2007), “*³hau- : hu-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 381–382
  5. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 215
  6. ^ Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 15a
  7. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “šunna-i / šunn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 905-907
  8. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sutu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 359-360
  9. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “šūu- / šūu̯au̯-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 916-917

seykʷ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to moisten
  2. to filter

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

skel-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to be obligated, owe
  2. to be guilty

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *ske-skól- (perfect)
    • Germanic: *skulaną (to shall, be obliged)
  • *skel-eh₁-(ye)- (stative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *skél-tis
    • Germanic: *skuldiz (obligation, debt, blame)
  • *skel-ont- (present participle?)
    • Balto-Slavic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

skey-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to split, to dissect

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *skey-d- (extended root)
  • *skey-ti (root present)
  • *ski-yé-ti (yé-present)
  • *skoy-eh₂
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:

Extended form *skey-t-.

  • *skey-to-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *ščítъ (shield)[1] (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic: *skētos
      • Old Irish: scíath (shield) (see there for further descendants)
      • Welsh: ysgwyd (shield)
  • *skoyt-
    • Germanic: (possibly) *skaiþaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *skoy-to-m
    • Latin: scūtum (shield) (possibly)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ščítъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 486

skeyd-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Extended form of the root *skey-.

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)

  1. to split, to divide

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *skéyd-t ~ *skid-ént (athematic root aorist)
  • *ski-né-d-ti ~ *ski-n-d-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *skid-yé-ti (zero-grade ye-present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: σχίζω (skhízō) (with unexplained -kh-)
  • *skéyd-ye-ti (full-grade ye-present)
  • *skoyd-o-s
    • Germanic: *skītaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *skeyd-ro-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *skéyd-ti-s ~ *skid-téy-s
  • *skid-tó-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *cědìti (to strain) (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *čistъ (clean, pure) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *skīdą (stick)

smeyt-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to throw

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


sneg-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to crawl, creeping thing

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • Unsorted formations:
    • Germanic: *snakaną
      • Germanic: *snakô (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: नाग (nāgá-) (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic:

sneygʷʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to snow

Comment[edit]

Karl Hoffman proposed in 1965 that the original meaning of the root was "to stick, remain", with semantic shift to "snow" (i.e. snow is that which sticks). That sense is still being assigned in LIV. However, that interpretation is highly unlikely, given that all the other daughters except Sanskrit (and also within Indo-Iranian and even Indo-Aryan family itself; cf. Prakrit reflex siṇēha "snow, hoarfrost") point to "to snow" as the original meaning of the root. According to Cheung (2007), Hoffman's explanation that this meaning could have coexisted with the meaning "to snow" is untenable. Cheung (2007) argues that the Sanskrit meaning "to stick, remain; sticky fluid" is secondary (possibly of slang origin) "perhaps from whitish bodily fluids which are compared to snow, notably snot and spit".

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *snéygʷʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *snigʷʰ-e-ti (zero-grade thematic root present)
    • Hellenic:
  • *sni-né-gʷʰ-ti ~ *sni-n-gʷʰ-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *snigʷʰ-yé-ti (ye-present)
  • *snígʷʰ-s (snow)
  • *snóygʷʰ-o-s (snow)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Indo-Iranian: *snaiǰ
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian B: śiñcatstse "snowy" < nominalized *śiñce (snow) < *snigʷʰēn

References[edit]

  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 573
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 349
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 349
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 457
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 974
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 772
  • Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008) Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 622–623
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 530
  • Buck, Carl Darling (1949) A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, § 1.76, pages 68–69
  • Gamkrelidze, Th. V.; Ivanov, V. V. (1995) Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 80), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 587
  • Watkins, Calvert (1985), “sneigʷh-”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

solh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. whole

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

speh₁-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to succeed, to prosper

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *spéh₁-ti (athematic root present)[1][2][3]
    • Balto-Slavic: *spéˀtei
    • Indo-Iranian: *spaHti
      • Iranian: *spaHtī (to satisfy, eat one’s fill)
        • Northeastern Iranian:
        • Southeastern Iranian:
          • Khotanese: [script needed] (spaiye, to satisfy, be satisfied)
          • Sarikoli: [script needed] (spon-) / [script needed] (spond, to fill, replenish)
          • Yazgulyam: [script needed] (s(ə)pā̆n-) / [script needed] (s(ə)pā̆nt, to saturate)
  • *sph₁-óy-ey ~ *sph₁-y-énti[4][5]
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
      • Hittite: [script needed] (√išpai-ⁱ / √išpi, to get full, to be filled, to be satiated):
        𒅖𒉺𒀀𒄿 (iš-pa-a-i, 3sg.pres.act.)
    • Indo-Iranian: *spʰā́yati
      • Indo-Aryan: [Term?]
        • Sanskrit: स्फायते (sphā́yate, to grow fat, become bulky, swell, increase, expand)
  • *spóh₁-e-ti (o-grade root present)[4][6]
  • *spéh₁-s
  • *sph₁-rós (thriving)[7]
  • *swé-sph₁-t-s[8]
Unsorted formations

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, pages 420–421
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 464
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*spaH-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 350
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*spōan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 468
  5. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 468-469
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*spōdi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 469
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “prosperus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 493
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sospes, -itis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 577

speḱ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to see, to look, to observe

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian:
      • Bactrian: σπισ- (spis-), ασπισ- (aspis-), σαπισ- (sapis-)
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (spāśś-, to look)
      • Parthian: 𐫙𐫘𐫛 (ʿsp)
      • Sogdian: [script needed] (ʾspʾyš), [script needed] (ʾspyš), [script needed] (spyš), [script needed] (spxš)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “spek̑-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 984
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*spek̑-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 575-576
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “speciō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 578-579
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “σκέπτομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1347-1348
  5. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*spas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, pages 353-354

sperH-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3]

  1. to kick

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (with *h₁) Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ (with h₂ or h₃) De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

spey-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. sharp point, stick

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


Extended form *spey-d-.

Extended form *spey-g-.

Extended form *spey-l-.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “spīna”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 580-581
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “spīca”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 580
  3. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “spier”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  4. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “spit”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  5. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “spijker”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  6. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “spaak”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  7. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “spijl”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

srebʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2]

  1. to sip, gulp, suck (in)

Descendants[edit]

  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Iranian: *hrab- (to sip, suck (in))[3][4]
      • (possibly) Chorasmian: mžβ- (to absorb, sip, suck in/out) (with the preverb *uz-)
      • Ishkashimi: rův- (to give milk (about cows))
      • Pashto: روول (rəvavə́l, to suckle, breast feed), رودل (ravdə́l, rəvdə́l, to suckle (the breast))
      • Shughni: рӣвдов̌ (rīvdōw, to suckle (the breast))
      • Wakhi: rowǰ (teat, comforter made of horn)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 587
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1001
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 140
  4. ^ Morgenstierne, Georg (1927) An Etymological Vocabulary of Pashto (Skrifter utgitt av det Norske Videnskapsakademi i Oslo; 3), Oslo: J. Dybwad, page 65
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 129
  6. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “šarāpi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 843-844
  7. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “gjerb”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, pages 132-133
  8. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*srobu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 352
  9. ^ Vasmer, Max (1972), “сербать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume III, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress, page 604

srew-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to one theory, derived from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, whence also Latin serum.[1]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to flow, stream

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • sréw-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *sréw-ye-ti (ye-present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ῥέω (rhéō, I flow, stream)
  • *srow-mo-s
  • *srow-yeh₂
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *struja (see there for further descendants)
  • *srow-men-
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *strumy (see there for further descendants)
  • *srow-o-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *ostrovъ (see there for further descendants)
  • *sru-tó-m
    • Celtic: *srutom (see there for further descendants)
  • *sru-dʰ-mó-s
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Strom”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, ISBN 3-11-006800-1

steh₂-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)

  1. to stand (up)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


Extended form *steh₂dʰ-
  • *sth₂-né-dʰ- ~ *sth₂-n̥-dʰ- (extended nasal-infix present)
    • Germanic: *standaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *steh₂dʰ-om[26]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *stàdo (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *stōdą
Extended form *steh₂w-[27][28]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 590 of 590, 591
  2. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell
  3. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἵστημι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 601
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 338
  6. 6.0 6.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sistō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 567
  7. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “shtãj”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigaitons into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 378
  8. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 373–74
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 465
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 430
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “stō, stāre”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 489-490
  12. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stojati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 468
  13. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 354–55
  14. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 429
  15. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stòlъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 465
  16. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 426
  17. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 433
  18. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 433
  19. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stânъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 465
  20. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 429
  21. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “shtãnzë”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigaitons into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 371
  22. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “shtazë, shtëzë ~ shtâzë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill
  23. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stàrъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 465
  24. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 430
  25. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “shtat”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigaitons into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 260
  26. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stàdo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 464
  27. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “īnstaurō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 305
  28. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “σταυρός”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1391
  29. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stàviti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 466
  30. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 430

stel-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to put, to place; to locate

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*stьlati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 473
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “stallīt”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 565

sterh₃-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)

  1. to spread, extend, stretch out

Extensions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458

steygʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (imperfective)[1]

  1. to go
  2. to climb

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “στείχω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1395-1396
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “shteg”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 437

strengʰ-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s

  1. to twist
  2. rope, cord

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


  • *strongʰ-os
    • Germanic: *strangaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *strongʰ-is
    • Germanic: *strangiz (see there for further descendants)
  • *strn̥gʰ-os

strew-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *sterh₃-.

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3][4]

  1. to spread, to strew

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*streu̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 605
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “struō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 592-593
  3. 3.0 3.1 Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

sweh₂d-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s (perfective)[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

  1. sweet

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “su̯ād-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 1039-1040
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*su̯eh₂d-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, pages 606-607
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Wodtko, Dagmar S.; Irslinger, Britta; Schneider, Carolin (2008), “*su̯eh₂d-”, in Nomina im indogermanischen Lexikon [Nouns in the Indo-European Lexicon] (in German), Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, pages 670-672
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “suāvis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 594
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἥδομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 509-510
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἁνδάνω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 509-100
  7. 7.0 7.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (1999), “swāre”, in A dictionary of Tocharian B (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi

swep-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to sleep

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 29

swer-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1]

  1. to ache
  2. to fester
  3. wound; injury

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (ache) not found


  • *swer- (root present)
  • *swer-wos
  • *swer-tó- or *swer-dʰo-
    • Germanic: (unclear, requiring an additional original sense 'to cut') *swerdą (sword)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[2][3]

  1. to resound; ringing, whistling
  2. to speak loudly
  3. to swear

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s (swear) not found


  • *swér- (root present)
  • *swor-ye- (o-grade ye-present)
  • *swor-eh₂
    • Germanic: *swarō (statement, oath, vow)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
    • Italic:
      • Latin: (possibly) surdus (deaf)
      • Latin: (perhaps) susurrus (whisper, rustle)
      • Oscan: (possibly) [Term?] (sverruneí, speaker?, dative singular)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “zweren”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill


sweyd-[edit]

Asterisk.svg
This entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*Sobreira/PIE roots s[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

  1. sweat
  2. to sweat

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *PIE roots s not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “1. *su̯ei̯d-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 607
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ῑ̓δίω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 578
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἱδρώς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 578-579
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sviedri”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 552
  7. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*swēsso-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 364