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I'm kind of new here - but I'm loving it.
My interests lie in the Northern Eurasian language families and seeing how they developed and spread over time. I especially love to trace the origins of borrowed words and see if I can pinpoint the donor languages, or possibly a substrate term, which is always exciting. I am also interested in the Pama-Nyungan family of Australia, and tracing the origins of vocabulary items. I am most interested in nouns, as these are more likely to be borrowed; especially if the noun describes something specific, such as a type of animal, plant, or technology.
Language preservation is very important to me, and I try to help in the recording of endangered languages on Wiktionary whenever I can. If you see a mistake in some of my work, please do point it out to me and show me where I can improve - I love learning, and strive to become a useful member of the Wiktionary community.
Rather strong English West Midlands (Coventry) accent, though markedly different from a Birmingham/Black Country accent.
- tissue: [ˈtɪʃuː] (palatised/affricates)
- tuna: [ˈt͡ʃuːna] (palatised/affricates)
- stupid: [ˈst͡ʃuːˌpɪd] (palatised/affricates)
- tune: [ˈt͡ʃuːn] (palatised/affricates)
- bath, path, grass: [ˈbæθ], [ˈpæθ], [ˈgɹæs] (short 'a' vowel)
- room, broom, roof: [ˈɹʊm], [ˈbɹʊm], [ˈɹʊf] (short 'u' vowel)
- cup, shut, mum: [ˈkʌp], [ˈʃʌt], [ˈmʌm] (unrounded 'u' vowel)
- poor, door, moor: [ˈpʊə], [ˈdʊə] [ˈmʊə] (diphthong present)
- horse, hoarse: [ˈhɔːs], [ˈhɔːs] (horse-hoarse merger present)
- cheer, chair: ['t͡ʃiːˌjə], [ˈt͡ʃɛː] (cheer-chair distinction present)
- tyre, tower, tar: [ˈtaɪˌjə], [ˈtaʊˌwə], [ˈtɑː] (distinction present)
- fury, furry: [ˈfjɔːˌɹi], [ˈfɜːˌɹi] (distinction present)
Some Dialectal Words
- spudgie [spʌd͡ʒi] - sparrow.
- mew [mjuw] - seagull.
- speight [speɪt] - woodpecker.
- clough [klʌf] - small moorland stream, usually running from high ground, may be seasonal.
- tarmac [tɑːmæk] - blacktop, asphalt.
- yaffle [jæfl̩] - woodpecker.
- SPG [ɛspid͡ʒi] - rat, mouse (after the mouse in the popular TV show, The Young Ones).
- rinnel [ɹɪnl̩] - small stream, channel.
- scrump [skɹʌmp] - to hunt for (and to steal) apples in the summer.
- causey [kɔːzi] - pavement, shortened form of causeway.
- dickie-bird [dɪki bɜːd] - finch, siskin, bluetit (any of the small, colourful songbirds).
- spetchel [spɛt͡ʃl̩] - splinter, sliver.
- slag [slæg] - promiscuous woman (vulgar, offensive).
- tart [tɑːt] - promiscuous woman (vulgar, offensive).
- shrapnel [ʃɹæpnl̩] - loose change.
- gambol [gæmbɔʊl] - to do a forward roll.
- batch [bæt͡ʃ] - a round bread roll or bun.
- cut [kʌt] - a canal.
- backend [bækɛnd] - autumn.
- mardy [mɑːdi] - grumpy, sulky, grouchy.
- mizzle [mɪzl̩] - very fine rain that quickly soaks everything.
- entry [ɛntɹi] - the passage between two terraced houses leading to the alley behind, where the bins and garages are located.
- to lob [lɔb] - to throw (usually hard).
- pump [pʌmp] - a black slip-on shoe used for sports class in English schools (which usually take place in a large hall rather than outside).
- snap [snæp] - packed lunch, after the sound made by metal lunchboxes when closed.
- to blart [blɑːt] - to cry loudly and dramatically, usually in an attention-seeking way.
- dannies [dæniːz] - hands, always in the plural.
- sough [sʌf] - a drain or gutter lining the road.
- "The Jag" - local name for the Jaguar Car Company, a major local employer, referring to their many plants in Coventry and surrounds.
- sprog [spɹɔg] - baby.
- nan [næn] - grandmother.
- PIE Verb Conjugation Comparisons
- Pama-Nyungan Notes
- North Eurasian Tree Names
- Pre-Indo-European Substrate
- Uralic Reconstructions
Salishan Language Pages
Germanic Language Pages
Tungusic Language Pages
Uralic Language Pages
- Proto-Finnic Fauna
- Proto-Uralic Birds
Silver's Favourite Resources
- Celtiadur - in-progress etymological dictionary and side-by-side comparison of the Celtic languages, being compiled by a fluent speaker of many of the Celtic languages.
- MacBain's Gaelic Dictionary - a searchable etymological dictionary of Scottish Gaelic from 1911.
- Am Faclair Beag - an English-Scottish Gaelic dictionary.
- eDIL - an electronic version of the Dictionary of the Irish Language from the Royal Irish Academy, Cambridge University, and Queen's University Belfast.
- Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru - The Dictionary of the Welsh Language from the University of Wales, searchable in both Welsh and English. Includes etymological notes about other Celtic languages.
- Gerlyver Kernewek - The Dictionary of the Cornish Language from the Cornish Language Partnership, searchable in both Cornish (Standard Written Form) and English.
- Teanglann - an Irish language library, includes Ó'Dónaill's 1977 Irish-English Dictionary, Ó'Dónaill's 1991 Irish Dictionary, De Bhaldraithe's 1959 English-Irish Dictionary, an extensive grammar reference collection, and numerous sound files of native speakers from all the major dialects. Searchable in English and Irish.
- Manx Dictionary - a work-in-progress English-Manx/Manx-English dictionary.
- In Dúil Bélrai - a work-in-progress Old Irish-English glossary (also includes a dictionary and a guide to Old Irish on the web) from Sabhal Mòr Ostaig, note that some of the search functions are Irish-input only.
- Grand Terrier - Francis Favereau's French-Breton dictionary - searchable in Breton and French.
- Bosworth-Toller - an electronic version of Bosworth-Toller's enormous Old English Dictionary.
- An English-Old English Dictionary - online searchable copy of Mary Lynch Johnson's 1927 dictionary.
- Historical Grammar of Old English - online version of Cyril Babaev's grammar.
- The Germanic Lexicon Project - includes John Clark Hall's 1916 Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary.
- The Thesaurus of Old English - a searchable, updated thesaurus from Glasgow University.
- Orðabanki - a glossary of Icelandic terms, searchable in all main North Germanic languages as well as English, Finnish, North Saami, and Greenlandic.
- Dictionary of the Swedish Academy - the definitive dictionary of Swedish, includes Old Swedish forms. Not searchable in English.
- The Skaldic Project - a searchable database of Norse sagas and poetry, including a dictionary of the words used in them.
- The Icelandic-English Online Dictionary - from the University of Wisconsin - note that it is not designed for English-Icelandic searches.
- ISLEX - a searchable dictionary that gives results in Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, and Finnish.
- Føroysk orðabók - the Dictionary of Faroese - searchable only in Faroese.
- Old Norse Pronunciation Guide - a short PDF file by very drengr Dr Jackson Crawford of Youtube fame. Shows the basics of reconstructed Norse pronunciation c.1100's Iceland as well as the corresponding orthography used today.
- málið.is - Online dictionary resource from the Icelandic Language Institute - only searchable in Icelandic. Has plenty of etymological information.
- Duden Online - Online version of the Duden Dictionary - searchable only in German, has some etymological information.
- Etymologie Bank - Dutch etymological dictionary from the Meertens Institute, searchable only in Dutch, but includes information on Low Saxon and Frisian languages too.
- Westmünsterländische Dialekte - Dictionary of Westmunsterlandic Saxon, part of the Westphalian language. Searchable in Saxon and German.
- Oostfraeisk Woordenbauk - Dictionary of East Frisian Saxon, a North Low Saxon language with a strong Frisian substrate. Searchable in Saxon and German.
- Plautdietsch Lexicon - Dictionary of Plautdietsch, an East Saxon language spoken predominantly by the Mennonite community.
- Groninger Zakwoordenboek - Dictionary of Gronings dialect, part of the North Low Saxon language with a Frisian substrate.
- Meertens Dialect Dictionary - Meertens Dutch Dialect Dictionary
- DSDD - Database of the Southern Dutch Dialects
- DWDS - German Etymological Dictionary
- Das Österreichische Wörterbuch - Austrian Dialects
- Fleischemerish.de - Flörsheim Dialect
- Berliner Wörterbuch - Berlin Dialect
- Oschpele - South Tyrolian Dialect
- Idiotikon - Swiss German Dialect Dictionary
- Schwäbisch Schwätza - Swabian Dialect
- Kölsch Wörterbuch - Cologne Dialect
- Ensheim - A compilation of various German dialect dictionaries
- Bayrisches Wörterbuch - Bavarian Dialect
- Palatina Rhenania - Palatinate German Dialect
- Plattmakers' Low Saxon Dictionary - The most comprehensive coverage of Saxon dialects on the internet in one place. Searchable in English, Dutch, German, and Saxon.
- Kölsch Akademie - Cologne dialect of Franconian.
- Eifelfux - Wordlist from the Eifel dialect of Franconian.
- Wörterbuchnetz - Several searchable dictionaries of various Franconian dialects.
- Lagis-Hessen - South Hessian Franconian dictionary.
- Redde-N-Ìhr-Plàtt? - Conjugation tables, phonetic inventories and various texts in both Rhine, Lorraine, and Moselle Franconian. (In French).
- Allgäuer Wörterbuch - Dictionary of the Allgäuer dialect of Alemmanic.
- Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch - Saterland dialect of East Frisian.