Wiktionary:About Proto-Indo-Iranian

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These are some guidelines for Proto-Indo-Iranian, the ancestor of most north-Indic and Iranian languages. See also: Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Proto-Indo-Iranian language on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Transcription scheme[edit]

Consonants[edit]

  • Labials – p, b, bʰ, m
  • Dental/Alveolar – t, d, dʰ, s (allophone: z), n, l
  • Post-alveolar – š (allophone: ž), r, r̥
  • Palatals
    • First – ĉ, ĵ, ĵʰ (> Sanskrit: ś, j, h, Avestan: s, z, z)
    • Second – č, ǰ, ǰʰ (> Sanskrit: c, j, h, Avestan: č, ǰ, ǰ)
  • Velar – k, g, gʰ
  • Laryngeal – H (< all PIE laryngeals)
  • Semivowels – y, w

In some transcription schemes, *y and *w are transcribed as *i̯ and *u̯. The first set of palatals is sometimes written with acute accents. Such entries should be moved to the correct spelling. Redirects can remain.

Laryngeal[edit]

If a laryngeal is reconstructed in the PIE form, then *H should also be in the PII form (e.g. *HnaHman-, not **nāman-) Otherwise, long vowels can be used.

The laryngeal from PIE can be vocalized sometimes. Read Wikipedia for a full description.

Vowels[edit]

  • Short – a, i, u
  • Long – ā, ī, ū
  • Diphthongs – ay, aw, etc.

Stress[edit]

Marked by an acute accent. All vowels, *r̥, and *H can take stress.

Descendants[edit]

Always include a derived terms or descendants section. There are plenty of resources available that document cognates between Indic and Iranian languages (especially Sanskrit and Avestan), so this shouldn't be difficult for a valid reconstruction.