Wiktionary:Language treatment

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The distinction between languages and dialects is not clear-cut. A lect that some regard as a dialect of a certain language may be regarded as a full, separate language by others. This page contains a list of languages and their (ISO-code-having) dialects, with notes on whether or not the dialects are treated as separate languages on Wiktionary. If there is no note about the status of a particular language+dialect group, the situation is not yet regulated. If multiple dialects are treated as a single language on Wiktionary, but there is no ISO code that represents all of them, the code of one of the dialects is used as the code for the whole language, or an exceptional code is created (for more, see Wiktionary:Languages).

For the most part, this page documents cases where Wiktionary's treatment of lects deviates from that of the ISO/SIL, e.g. cases where we have merged lects that they have not. Cases where an ISO code has been excluded from Wiktionary altogether (typically because it was too vague to be meaningful) are also documented. Cases where the ISO/SIL itself has merged lects which they formerly granted separate codes, and we have followed suit, are not necessarily documented here.

Discussions about splitting, merging, deleting, adding or renaming lects may be archived to Wiktionary:Language treatment/Discussions. (Do not start or continue discussions on that page; do that in an appropriate community forum, such as WT:BP or WT:RFM.)

List of languages and dialects[edit]

Macrolanguage Subdivisions Treatment
Akan (ak) fat (Fanti), tw (Twi) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Albanian (sq) aae (Arbëreshë Albanian), aat (Arvanitika Albanian), aln (Gheg Albanian), als (Tosk Albanian) In practice, the subdivision aln is treated as a language, but the macrolanguage code is used in place of the code (als) which the ISO gave the standard variety of the language. The status of aae and aat is unclear. (inconclusive discussion)
Alemannic (ale) wae (Walser) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Antillean Creole (gcf) gcf, acf Antillean Creole is treated as a single language with the code gcf. The ISO had coded two dialects separately, using acf for "Saint Lucian Creole French" and gcf for "Guadeloupean Creole French". (discussion)
Arabic (ar) aao (Algerian Saharan Arabic), abh (Tajiki Arabic), abv (Baharna Arabic), acm (Iraqi Arabic), acq (Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic), acw (Hijazi Arabic), acx (Omani Arabic), acy (Cypriot Arabic), adf (Dhofari Arabic), aeb (Tunisian Arabic), aec (Saidi Arabic), afb (Gulf Arabic), ajp (South Levantine Arabic), apc (North Levantine Arabic), apd (Sudanese Arabic), arb (Standard Arabic), arq (Algerian Arabic), ars (Najdi Arabic), ary (Moroccan Arabic), arz (Egyptian Arabic), auz (Uzbeki Arabic), avl (Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic), ayh (Hadrami Arabic), ayl (Libyan Arabic), ayn (Sanaani Arabic), ayp (North Mesopotamian Arabic), bbz (Babalia Creole Arabic), pga (Juba Arabic), shu (Chadian Arabic), ssh (Shihhi Arabic) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages, but the macrolanguage code is used in place of the code (arb) which the ISO gave the standard variety of the language.
Aramaic arc (Imperial Aramaic), oar (Old Aramaic), aii (Assyrian Neo-Aramaic), aij (Lishanid Noshan), amw (Western Neo-Aramaic), bhn (Bohtan Neo-Aramaic), bjf (Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic), cld (Chaldean Neo-Aramaic), hrt (Hértevin), huy (Hulaulá), jpa (Jewish-Palestinian Aramaic), kqd (Koy Sanjaq Surat), lhs (Mlahsô), lsd (Lishana Deni), mid (Modern Mandaic), myz (Classical Mandaic), sam (Samaritan Aramaic), syc (Syriac; Classical Syriac), syn (Senaya), tmr (Jewish Babylonian Aramaic), trg (Lishán Didán), tru (Turoyo), xrm (Armazic) Some varieties are treated as languages, others are not:
The code oar for "Old Aramaic" (up to 700 BCE) is not used; it has been superseded by arc and syc.
"Jewish Babylonian Aramaic" (circa 200-1200 CE) is also not allowed L2s, as it has been superseded by arc, but its code tmr is allowed in etymologies.
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (aii) and Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (cld) are currently treated as languages, as are aij, amw, bhn, bjf, hrt, huy, kqd, lhs, lsd, mid, myz, sam, syn, trg, tru, xrm, and arc and syc. jpa is not currently treated as a language.
Aymara (ay) ayc (Southern Aymara), ayr (Central Aymara) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Azeri (az) azb (South Azerbaijani), azj (North Azerbaijani) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Baluchi (bal) bcc (Southern Baluchi/Balochi), bgp (Eastern Baluchi/Balochi), bgn (Western Baluchi/Balochi) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Berawan (lod) zbc (Central Berawan), zbe (East Berawan)zbw (West Berawan) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Berber (ber) auj (Awjilah), swn (Sawknah), siz (Siwi), cnu (Chenoua), jbe (Judeo-Berber), shi (Tashelhit), tzm (Central Atlas Tamazight), zgh (Standard Moroccan Tamazight), kab (Kabyle), gha (Ghadamès), jbn (Nafusi), sds (Sened), gho (Ghomara), oua (Tagargrent), tjo (Temacine Tamazight), grr (Taznatit), mzb (Tumzabt), sjs (Senhaja Berber), rif (Tarifit), shy (Tachawit), tia (Tidikelt Tamazight), thv (Tahaggart Tamahaq), ttq (Tawallammat Tamajaq), thz (Tayart Tamajeq), taq (Tamasheq), zen (Zenaga) Only the subdivisions are treated as languages. (discussion 1 and discussion 2, discussion 3, discussion 4)
Bikol (bik) agk, agz, atl, bcl (Central Bikol), bln, bto, cts, fbl, lbl, rbl, ubl Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not. (discussion)
Bontoc (bnc) rbk, vbk, lbk, ebk, obk Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not.
Buryat (bua) bxm (Mongolian Buriat), bxr (Russian Buriat), bxu (Chinese Buriat) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion 1, discussion 2, discussion 3)
Chinese (zh) cdo, cjy, cmn, cpx, czh, czo, gan, hak, hsn, lzh, mnp, nan, wuu, yue Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (superseded discussion; vote)
Cree (cr) atj (Atikamekw), crj (Southern East Cree), crk (Plains Cree), crl (Northern East Cree), crm (Moose Cree), csw (Swampy Cree), cwd (Woods Cree), moe (Montagnais), nsk (Mansaka)
Dieri (dif) dif, dit (Dirari) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Dinka (din) dib, dik, dip, diw, dks
Dogri (doi) dgo, xnr
Dongolawi (also called "Kenuzi-Dongola") (kzh) dgl (Andaandi / Dongolawi), xnz (Kenzi / Mattoki) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussing)
Dhudhuroa (ddr) ddr (Dhudhuroa), xjt (Yaitmathang) Only ddr is treated as a language. (discussion)
English (en) hwc (Hawai'ian Creole English), pld (Polari) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion of hwc, discussion of pld)
Estonian (et) vro (Võro) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivision vro are treated as languages, but the macrolanguage code is used in place of the code (ekk) which the ISO gave the standard variety of the language.
Fula (ff) ffm, fub, fuc, fue, fuf, fuh, fui, fuq, fuv Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
French (fr) roa-gal (Gallo), nrf (Norman), frc (Cajun French / Louisiana French), fr-aca (Acadian French) Both the macrolanguage fr and its subdivisions roa-gal and nrf are treated as languages. frc and fr-aca are etymology-only languages (and the former is not to be confused with Louisiana Creole French, which is treated as a full language). (discussion of Acadian French)
Frisian   North Frisian (frr), Saterland Frisian (stq) West Frisian (fy) are treated as separate languages.
Gam (kmc) doc (Northern Dong), kmc (Southern Dong) Gam is treated as a single language with the code kmc. The ISO had coded two dialects separately, using doc for "Northern Dong" and kmc for "Southern Dong". "Cao Miao" (cov) is tentatively still treated as a separate language, pending further discussion. (discussion)
Gaulish (cel-gau) xtg (Transalpine Gaulish), xcg (Cisalpine Gaulish) The two varieties, Trans- and Cis-apline Gaulish, have been merged under the code cel-gau, though they may still be separated in etymologies. (discussion)
Gbaya (gba) bdt, gbp, gbq, gmm, gso, gya
Gelao (gio) aou (A'ou), giq (Hagei, Green Gelao), gir (Vandu, Red Gelao), giw (Telue, White Gelao, Duoluo), giu (Mulao), gqu (Qau)
Georgian (ka) jge (Judeo-Georgian) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Gondi (gon) gno (Northern Gondi), ggo (Southern Gondi, retired), esg (Aheri Gondi), wsg (Adilabad Gondi) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Grebo (grb) gbo, gec, grj, grv, gry, ktj, oub, pye, ted
Greek (el) grc (Ancient Greek), grk-cal, gkm, cpg, gmy, pnt Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages. (discussion of gkm)
Guaraní (gn) gnw, gug, gui, gun, nhd
Haida (hai) hax (Southern Haida), hdn (Northern Haida)
Hebrew (he) hbo (Biblical Hebrew) Biblical Hebrew does not have an L2 separate from Hebrew; the code he is used for both. In etymologies, however, the two may be distinguished. (See WT:AHE.)
Hmong (hmn) cqd (Chuanqiandian-cluster Miao), hea (Northern Qiandong Miao), hma (Southern Mashan Hmong), hmc (Central Huishui Hmong), hmd (A-Hmao / Large Flowery Miao), hme (Eastern Huishui Hmong), hmf (Hmong Don), hmg (Southwestern Guiyang Hmong), hmh (Southwestern Huishui Hmong), hmi (Northern Huishui Hmong), hmj (Ge), hml (Luopohe Hmong), hmm (Central Mashan Hmong), hmp (Northern Mashan Hmong), hmq (Eastern Qiandong Miao), hms (Southern Qiandong Miao), hmv (Hmong Do), hmw (Western Mashan Hmong), hmy (Southern Guiyang Hmong), hmz (Hmong Shua), hnj (Hmong Njua), hrm (Horned Miao), huj (Northern Guiyang Hmong), mmr (Western Xiangxi Miao), muq (Eastern Xiangxi Miao), mww (White Hmong), sfm (Small Flowery Miao) Tentatively, all subvarieties are accepted.
The old macrolanguage code blu and the newer macrolanguage code hmn are not used.
cqd (Chuanqiandian-cluster Miao) is an umbrella term for various varieties of Hmong in China. (discussion 1, discussion 2)
Huave (huv) hve (San Dionisio del Mar Huave), hvv (Santa María del Mar Huave), hue (San Francisco del Mar Huave), huv (San Mateo del Mar Huave) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language, using the code huv. (discussion)
Inuktitut (iu) ike (Eastern Canadian Inuktitut), ikt (Western Canadian Inuktitut) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Inupiak (ik) esi (North Alaskan Inupiatun), esk (Northwest Alaska Inupiatun) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Iranun (ill) ill, ilm, ilp In 2015, the ISO split ill into ilm (the Iranun of Malaysia) and ilp (the Iranun of the Philippines). Wiktionary has not made this split at this time.
Jeru (akj) akj (Jeru), gac (Mixed Great Andamanese) Only Jeru (akj) is treated as a language. (discussion)
Judeo-Arabic (jrb) ajt, aju, jye, yhd, yud
Kado (kdv) zkd (Kadu proper), zkn (Kanan) In 2012, the ISO split kdv into zkd and zkn. Wiktionary has not made this split at this time. (discussion)
Kalenjin (kln) enb, eyo, niq, oki, pko, sgc, spy, tec, tuy Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Kanuri (kr) bms (Bilma Kanuri), kau, kbl, kby, knc, krt Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Khmer (km) khm, kxm
Khumi Chin (cnk) cek (Eastern Khumi), cnk Only cnk is treated as a language.
Kituba (ktu) ktu, mkw Kituba is treated as a single language with the code ktu. The ISO had coded two dialects separately, using ktu for the variety spoken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and mkw for the variety spoken in the Republic of the Congo. {discussion)
Komi (kv) koi, kpv Only the subdivisions are treated as languages.
Kongo (kg) kng (Koongo), kwy (San Salvador Kongo), ldi (Laari), yom (Yombe) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Konkani (kok) gom, knn Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Kpelle (kpe) gkp, xpe
ǃKung (khi-kun) mwj (Sekele / Maligo), knw (Ekoka ǃKung), oun (ǃOǃKung), gfx (Mangetti Dune ǃXung) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion 1, discussion 2, discussion 3)
Kunjen (kjn) kjn, olk Kunjen is treated as a single language with the code kjn. The ISO had coded two dialects separately, using kjn for "Uw Oykangand" and olk for "Uw Olkola".
Kurdish (ku) ckb, kmr, sdh
Kurnai (unn) ihw (Bidhawal, Birrdhawal) Only the macrolanguage is treated as an individual language.
Lahnda (lah) hnd, hno, jat, phr, pmu, pnb, skr, xhe
Latvian (lv) ltg (Latgalian) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivision ltg are treated as languages, but the macrolanguage code is used in place of the code (lvs) which the ISO gave the standard variety of the language.
Lenape (also called "Delaware") (del) umu (Munsee), unm (Unami) Only the subdivisions are treated as languages. (discussion)
Lithuanian (lt) sgs (Samogitian) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivision sgs are treated as languages.
Loarki (lrk) lrk, gda (Gade Lohar) Only the macrolanguage is treated as an individual language. (discussion)
Low German The code nds is deprecated. nds-de is used for German Low German varieties (including Westphalian, which the ISO gave the code wep, and East Frisian, which had the code frs). nds-nl is used for Dutch Low Saxon varieties (including Achterhoeks = act, Drents = drt, Gronings = gos, Sallands = sdz, Stellingwerfs = stl, Twents = twd, Veluws = vel). Plautdietsch (pdt) is a separate lect. (discussion of language name, discussion of drt, gos, twd, general discussion 1, general discussion 2, discussion of nds-de, general discussion 3 (permalink))
Luhya (luy) bxk, ida, lkb, lko, lks, lri, lrm, lsm, lto, lts, lwg, nle, nyd, rag
Luwian (xlu) xlu, hlu Luwian is treated as a single language with the code xlu. Luwian is written in two scripts, and the ISO had coded each separately, using xlu for "Cuneiform Luwian" and hlu for "Hieroglyphic Luwian"). (discussion, permalink)
Malagasy (mg) bhr (Bara Malagasy), bjq, bmm (Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy), bzc (Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy), mlg, msh, plt, skg, tdx, tkg, txy, xmv, xmw Only the macrolanguage is treated as an individual language. (discussion)
Malay (ms) bjn, btj, bve, bvu, coa, dup, hji, id, jak, jax, kvb, kvr, kxd, lce, lcf, liw, max, meo, mfa, mfb, min, mqg, msi, mui, orn, ors, pel, pse, tmw, urk, vkk, vkt, xmm, zlm, zmi, zsm The codes zsm, zlm, jak, orn, ors and tmw are not used; ms is used instead. The status of the remaining lects is unclear. (discussion, vote)
Mandingo (man) emk, mku, mlq, mnk, msc, mwk, myq
Mantharta djl (Jiwarli (macrolanguage code)), dze (Jiwarli (proper)), inn (Thiin), dhr (Tharrgari), wri (Warriyangga) Jiwarli is treated as a single language with the code djl; the ISO's split of that code into dze for Jiwarli proper and iin for Thiin has not been followed. However, dhr (Tharrgari) and wri (Warriyangga) have tentatively been retained as languages, rather than being merged, with Jiwarli, into the single language Mantharta. (discussion)
Mari (chm) mrj (Western Mari) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivision mrj are treated as languages, but the macrolanguage code is used in place of the code (chm) which the ISO gave the standard variety of the language. (discussion 1, discussion 2)
Marwari (mwr) dhd, mtr, mve, rwr, swv, wry Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Maykulan (mnt) wnn (Wunumara), xyj (Mayi-Yapi), xyk (Mayi-Kulan), xyt (Mayi-Thakurti) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Mongolian (mn) khk (Khalkha Mongolian), mvf (Peripheral Mongolian) Only the code mn is used for Mongolian; khk is redundant to it and mvf is not usable. Note that Kalmyk (xal) and Buryat (see its entry in this table), which some scholars consider dialects of Mongolian, are treated as independent languages on Wiktionary. (discussion)
Na (nbf) nru (Narua), nxq (Naxi) Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not.
Nahuatl (nah) azd, azn, azz, naz, nch, nci, ncj, ncl, ncx, ngu, nhc, nhe, nhg, nhi, nhk, nhm, nhn, nhp, nhq, nht, nhv, nhw, nhx, nhy, nhz, nln, nlv, nuz, ppl, xpo Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages.
Naki (mff) mff, jms (Mashi), buz (Bukwen) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Nambu nmx (Nama), nkm (Namat), ncm (Nambo), mxw (Namo, Dorro), nex (Neme), nqn (Nen)
Nenets yrk (Tundra Nenets), syd-fne (Forest Nenets) Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not. (The code the ISO gave the macrolanguage, yrk, is used for Tundra Nenets.) (discussion) "Yurats" (rts), a barely-attested extinct lect which was probably just a variety of Enets, or a transitional variety between Enets and the Nenets varieties, is excluded for now. (discussion)
Nepali (ne) ne, npi Only the code ne is used.
Ngbandi ngb, deq, ... deq is not included.
Norman (nrf) roa-nor (Norman), roa-grn (Guernésiais), roa-jer (Jèrriais) Only the macrolanguage Norman is treated as a language, and the code nrf (which the ISO assigned to Guernésiais and Jèrriais) is used for all varieties of it, which had previously been granted separate exceptional codes. Compare fr. (discussion)
Norwegian (no) nb, nn In practice, both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages. There has been discussion of either treating only the macrolanguage as a language, or of only treating the subdivisions as languages, but there is no consensus about which of these to do. (discussion 1, discussion 2, discussion 3, discussion 4, discussion 5, discussion 6, stalemated vote)
Nyika (nkt) nkt, nkv Nyika is treated as a single language with the code nkt. The ISO had coded two regional varieties separately, using nkt for the Nyika of Tanzania and nkv for the Nyika of Malawi and Zambia.
Occitan (oc) prv (Provençal), sdt (Shuadit) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. prv is an etymology-only language.
Ojibwe (oj) ciw, ojb, ojc, ojg, ojs, ojw, otw Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages, except that the code ciw is not used, having been merged into oj.
Old French (fro) xno (Anglo-Norman), zrp (Judeo-French) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. xno is an etymology-only language. (discussion)
Oriya (or) ori, ory, ort, dso, spv (Sambalpuri, Kosli, Kosali) Neither of the three-letter codes the ISO assigned to Oriya proper (ori and ory) is used; instead, only the two-letter code or is used. Of the three other codes the ISO assigned to Oriya varieties, spv is currently not used, while dso and ort are.
Oromo (om) gax, gaz, hae (Eastern / Ittu / Qottu / Harar Oromo), orc Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Paku Karen (kpp) jkp (Paku Karen), jkm (Mobwa Karen) In 2012, the ISO split kpp into jkp and jkm. Wiktionary has not made this split at this time. (discussion)
Pashto (ps) pbt (Southern Pashto), pbu (Northern Pashto), pst (Central Pashto), wne (Waneci) Only the macrolanguage ps and the variety wne (Waneci) are treated as languages. (discussion of pbt, pbu, pst)
Persian (also called "Farsi") (fa) aiq (Aimaq), bhh (Bukhari), deh (Dehwari), haz (Hazaragi), jdt (Judeo-Tat), jpr (Judeo-Persian), pes (Western Persian), phv (Pahlavani), prs (Dari), tg (Tajik), ttt (Tat) Persian (fa), Tajik (tg), Judeo-Persian (jpr), Bukhari (bhh), Judeo-Tat (jdt), Tat (ttt) and Hazaragi (haz) are treated as separate languages. Western Persian (pes), Eastern Persian / Dari (prs) and Aimaq (aiq) are subsumed into fa. "Parsi" (prp) and "Parsi-Dari" (prd) are spurious and are excluded. The status of deh and phv is unresolved. (discussion of Tajik, of Judeo-Persian and Bukhari, and of Tat, discussion of pes, prs, aiq, haz, deh and phv)
Pitcairn-Norfolk (pih) cpe-pit (Pitcairn), cpe-nor (Norfolk) For a time, Wiktionary split Pitcairn-Norfolk into two varieties, granting each an exceptional code: Pitcairn was cpe-pit, Norfolk was cpe-nor. That split has been undone; only pih is now treated as a language. (discussion 1, discussion 2)
Polish (pl) csb (Kashubian), zlw-pom (Pomeranian), zlw-slv (Slovincian) In practice, both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages.
Pomeranian (zlw-pom) See the entry for "Polish".
Purepecha (pua) pua, tsz Purepecha is treated as a single language with the code pua. The ISO had coded two dialects separately, using pua for "Western Purepecha" and tsz for "Eastern Purepecha". (discussion)
Quechua (qu) cqu (Chilean Quechua), qub, qud, quf, qug, quh, quk, qul, qup, qur, qus, quw, qux, quy, quz, qva, qvc, qve, qvh, qvi, qvj, qvl, qvm, qvn, qvo, qvp, qvs, qvw, qvz, qwa, qwc, qwh, qws, qxa, qxc, qxh, qxl, qxn, qxo, qxp, qxr, qxt, qxu, qxw, qwe-kch Only the macrolanguage Quechua (qu) and the standardized variety Kichwa (qwe-kch) are treated as languages. (discussion of Kichwa)
Rajasthani (raj) bgq, gda, gju, hoj, mup, wbr
Romani (rom) rmc, rmf, rml, rmn, rmo (Sinte Romani), rmw, rmy Only the macrolanguage rom and the subdivision rmo have L2 headers, but all of the subdivisions can have nested lines in translations tables. (discussion)
Romanian (ro) mo (Moldavian) Only the macrolanguage (ro) is treated as a language. (vote)
Rwanda-Rundi (rw) rw (Rwanda proper), rn (Rundi proper), haq (Ha, Giha), suj (Shubi), han (Hangaza), vin (Vinza) Rwanda-Rundi is treated as a single language with the code rw. The ISO had coded the dialects separately, using rw for "(kinya)Rwanda" and rn for "(ki)Rundi", etc. (discussion)
Sahaptin (qot) uma, waa, yak, tqn Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages.
Sardinian (sc) sdc, sdn, src, sro
Serbo-Croatian (sh) bs, hr, sr, zls-mon, kjv Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (See discussion 1, discussion 2, discussion 3, discussion 4, discussion 5, more discussion, this old vote, this discussion of kjv, and many other discussions.)
Seroa (kqu) kqu, gku In 2014, the ISO restricted kqu to ǁKuǁe and split off gku ǂUngkue / ǂKunkwe. Wiktionary has not made this split at this time. (discussion)
Slavey (den) scs, xsl
Swahili (sw) sta, swc, swh Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion of sta)
Syriac (syr) See the entry for "Aramaic".
Tagalog (tl) fil (Filipino) Only the macrolanguage (tl) is treated as a language. (vote)
Tamashek (tmh) taq, thv, thz, ttq
Tibetan (bo) bod (Lhasa, Ü, Dbus), adx (Amdo, Panang), khg (Khams), kbg (Khamba), tsk (Tseku), dre (Dolpo), hut (Humla, Limi), lhm (Lhomi, Shing Saapa), muk (Mugom, Mugu), kte (Nubri), ola (Walungge, Gola), thw (Thudam), loy (Lowa, Loke, Mustang), tcn (Tichurong) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. Other Tibetic languages, such as Dzongkha (dz), are separate.
Tidong (tid) itd, ntd Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not.
Uzbek (uz) uzn, uzs Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Wangkumara (xwk) xwk, xpt (Punthamara), eaa (Karenggapa) Only the macrolanguage Wangkumara (xwk) is treated as a language, and it is treated as a language, rather than as a dialect of Ngura (which the ISO used to consider a single language with the code nbx).
Wemba-Wemba (xww) rbp (Baraba-Baraba), rnr (Nari-Nari), weg (Wergaia), xwt (Wotjobaluk) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Wintu (wnw) nol (Nomlaki), pwi (Patwin), wnw (Wintu) Both the macrolanguage and its subdivisions are treated as languages. (discussion)
Yarli (yxl) wdk, yga, yxl Only yxl is treated as a language.
Yendang (yen) ynq (Yendang proper), yot (Yotti) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Yiddish (yi) ydd, yih Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Yir-Yoront (yiy) yyr (Yir-Yoront), yrm (Yirrk-Mel / Yirrk-Thangalkl) Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language. (discussion)
Yokuts (yok) nai-ply (Palewyami), nai-bvy (Buena Vista Yokuts), nai-tky (Tule-Kaweah Yokuts), nai-kry (Kings River Yokuts), nai-gsy (Gashowu), nai-svy (Southern Valley Yokuts, including Yawelmani), nai-nvy (Northern Valley Yokuts, including Chukchansi), nai-dly (Delta Yokuts) Only the subdivisions are treated as languages, the macrolanguage is not.
Zapotec (zap) zaa, zab, zac, zad, zae, zaf, zai, zam, zao, zaq, zar, zas, zat, zav, zaw, zax, zca, zoo, zpa, zpb, zpc, zpd, zpe, zpf, zpg, zph, zpi, zpj, zpk, zpl, zpm, zpn, zpo, zpp, zpq, zpr, zps, zpt, zpu, zpv, zpw, zpx, zpy, zpz, zsr, zte, ztg, ztl, ztm, ztn, ztp, ztq, zts, ztt, ztu, ztx, zty
Zazaki (zza) diq, kiu Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.
Zhuang (za) zch, zeh, zgb, zgm, zgn, zhd, zhn, zlj, zln, zlq, zqe, zyb, zyg, zyj, zyn, zzj Only the macrolanguage is treated as a language.

Excluded codes[edit]

The following ISO 639-3 codes have been excluded without being subsumed into a single other code:

  • bpw ("Bo", "Po", "Sorimi") is excluded for now because its existence as a distinct language is unconfirmed and undocumented, and if it were included, a naming conflict would exist with bgl (discussion).
  • bzt ("Brithenig"), a minor constructed language (see WT:CFI#Constructed_languages).
  • dws ("Dutton World Speedwords"), a minor constructed language (see WT:CFI#Constructed_languages).
  • ekc, called "Eastern Karnic" by the ISO, is excluded from Wiktionary because it is not clear that there is any data for this 'language', or even that it is a single real language.
  • ghc, called "Hiberno-Scottish Gaelic" by the ISO, is treated as Irish (ga) or Scottish (gd) according to whether the word in question is from an Irish text, a Scottish one, or both (discussion).
  • luw ("Luo"), an unclassified extinct language, is excluded for now because no includable content in it has been put forth, and if it were included, a naming conflict would exist with luo.
  • myi ("Mina (India)") is excluded for now because no includable content in it has been put forth, and if it were included, a naming conflict might exist.
  • vmf, called "Mainfränkisch" by the ISO, is excluded from Wiktionary because it is too vague to be usable (discussion).
  • wwb ("Wakabunga"), an unclassified extinct language, is excluded for now because no includable content in it exists: the only wordlist which was labelled Wakabunga turned out to be Kalkatungu.
  • zbl ("Blissymbols", "Blissymbolics", "Semantography"), a minor constructed language / script (see WT:CFI#Constructed_languages).
  • zxx, the code for "No linguistic content".