Wiktionary:Georgian transliteration

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Wiktionary standard transliteration for Georgian-script based languages, including Georgian, Old Georgian, Svan, Laz, Mingrelian, Ossetian, Abkhaz. It follows the Iberiul-K’avk’asiuri enatmetsnierebis ts’elits’deuli [Annual of Ibero-Caucasian Linguistics] system as shown in The World’s Writing Systems, except for the letter , which is transliterated as w and not wi. This is the usual transliteration system in Caucasiological literature. It is used in Fähnrich 2007 and (with slight modification) in Klimov 1964 and 1998.

Wiktionary standard transliteration for Georgian
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41
(a) (b) (g) (d) (e) (v) (z) (ē) (t) (i) () (l) (m) (n) (y) (o) () (ž) (r) (s) () (w) (u) (p) (k) (ɣ) () (š) (č) (c) (ʒ) () (č̣) (x) (q) (ǯ) (h) (ō) (f) (ə) (ʾ)
[ɑ] [b] [ɡ] [d] [ɛ] [v] [z] [eɪ] [tʰ] [i] [kʼ] [l] [m] [n] [i]/[j] [ɔ] [pʼ] [ʒ] [r] [s] [tʼ] [uɪ] [u] [pʰ] [kʰ] [ɣ] [qʼ] [ʃ] [tʃ]/[tʃʰ] [ts]/[tsʰ] [dz] [tsʼ] [tʃʼ] [x] [q]/[qʰ] [dʒ] [h] [oː] [f] [ə] [ʔ]

The letters shown on grey background are obsolete in modern Georgian.

See also[edit]


  • Georgij A. Klimov (1964), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kartvelʹskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages], Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences, page 32
  • Georgij A. Klimov (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, New York, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter
  • Holisky, Dee Ann: “The Georgian Alphabet”, in Peter T. Daniels & William Bright, eds. The World’s Writing Systems. New York/Oxford, 1996. [1]
  • Heinz Fähnrich (2007), Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary], Leiden, Boston: Brill