Wiktionary:Requested entries (English)

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See also: the Tea room, where you can post the definition of a word you’re trying to find, and hopefully someone will help you find it.
See also: Wiktionary:Requested entries (English)/diacritics and ligatures

Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Have an entry request? Add it to the list – but please:

  • Think twice before adding long lists of words as they may be ignored.
  • If possible provide context, usage, field of relevance, etc.
  • Check the Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion if you are unsure if it belongs in the dictionary.
  • If the entry already exists, but seems incomplete or incorrect, do not add it here; add a request template to the entry itself to ask someone to fix the problem, e.g. {{rfp}} or {{rfe}} for pronunciation or etymology respectively.
    — Note also that such requests, like the information requested, belong on the base form of a word, not on inflected forms.

Please remove entries from this list once they have been written (i.e. the link is “live”, shown in blue, and has a section for the correct language)

There are a few things you can do to help:

  • For inflected languages, if you see inflected forms (plurals, past tenses, superlatives, etc.) indicate the base form (singular, infinitive, absolute, etc.) of the requested term and the type of inflection used in the request.
  • For words in languages that don’t use Latin script but are listed here only in their romanized form, please add the correct form in the native script.
  • Don’t delete words just because you don’t know them – it may be that they are used only in certain contexts or are archaic or obsolete.
  • Don’t simply replace words with what you believe is the correct form. The form here may be rare or regional. Instead add the standard form and comment that the requested form seems to be an error in your experience.

Requested-entry pages for other languages: Category:Requested entries. See also: Wiktionary:Wanted entries/en.


Non-letter 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A 2020 and before[edit]

It's Scottish for puny.

A 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

B 2017[edit]

B 2018[edit]

B 2019[edit]

B 2020[edit]

B 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

C 2018 and before[edit]

That's just a diminutive of cozzer. The entry would go at cozzie under an different etymology. Dbfirs 08:37, 9 November 2018 (UTC)[reply]
Cozzes must be a plural of coz or cozz, not cozzie. Equinox 21:24, 30 April 2021 (UTC)[reply]
  • Coagie, someone from Dundee: but a specific type of person, maybe like a chav; it's derogatory; hard to find in sources we can use, but common online.
  • coat protein

C 2019[edit]

C 2020[edit]

C 2021[edit]

    • 1826, Mary Shelley, The Last Man, volume 2, chapter 19
      She flitted through the rooms, like a good spirit, dispatched from the celestial kingdom, to illumine our dark hour with alien splendor.


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

D 2017[edit]

D 2018[edit]

D 2019[edit]

D 2020[edit]

  • Dalbergia odorifera - OneLook - Google "Dalbergia odorifera" (BooksGroupsScholar) - a rare Asian hardwood
  • defensive end - OneLook - Google "defensive end" (BooksGroupsScholar) in American football
  • demob chart - OneLook - Google "demob chart" (BooksGroupsScholar)
  • distorian - OneLook - Google "distorian" (BooksGroupsScholar)
    It's out there (blend of distort + historian) but not durably recorded. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 22:20, 1 August 2020 (UTC)[reply]
  • degragate - OneLook - Google "degragate" (BooksGroupsScholar) - just heard this new cousin of degradate - OneLook - Google "degradate" (BooksGroupsScholar) on Youtube a couple of times: youtu.be/NYxLBhOgwYg?t=614 and it gets about 20,000 Google Hits. —⁠This unsigned comment was added by Hippietrail (talkcontribs) at 23:32, 15 May 2020 (UTC). Doubt this meets CFI. Equinox 06:02, 16 May 2020 (UTC)[reply]
    I wish, but unless we have finally upped the minimum number of durably archived independent uses to something more sensible than three over a year, here's a sampling of twenty-eight years worth of dumb from web and print:
    • Slash: But it's real cool. You know, I'm not gonna sit there and degragate... degradate – whatever the word is like (laughs). (origin?) - 1992 - [16]
    • The main concern is that routing a signal through multiple switches could degragate data as the cummulative (sic) impedance of the switches becomes prohibitive. - 2003 - [17] (made it to print!)
    • Organic Melt™ deicer is an environmentally safe, agricultural-based product made with degragated sugar beets - 2013 - [18]
    • I have been trying to learn, teach and implement agricultural practices that aggregate our precious resources rather than degragate them. (with its antonym!) - 2014 - [19]
    • I had a HDD failure and a degragated RAID5. - 2016 - [20]
    • Degragated Mouse Control and Key Input - 2017 - [21]
    • Aboriginal people were called and still get called the N-word as a way to racially degragate. - 2018 - [22]
    • On this one, the wifi signal is crappy and degragates as you use it more. - 2019 - [23]
    • The PAPD degragated that woman’s human right for safety and protection. - 2019 - [24]
    • Aspartate can be degragated to NH4, CO2, and H2O to produce ATP energy by its carbons entering the TCA cycle. - [25]
    • The bottom line is – words empower people, inspire people, educate people, but can even degragate and sterotype (sic) people. - [26]
    • My question is why do the plasmid with insert is fully degragated by EcoR-1.? - [27]
    hippietrail (talk) 06:39, 17 May 2020 (UTC)[reply]

D 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

E 2018 and before[edit]

E 2020[edit]

  • economy class
  • eurojank: A video game "genre", consisting of games (usually categorized otherwise as a RPG or a Simulation) whose high ambitions also leads to large numbers of bugs (thus "jank"); usually associated with developers from Eastern Europe (thus "euro")

E 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

F 2017 and before[edit]

See front "face up to; confront" + up intensifier, or front up.

F 2018[edit]

F 2019[edit]

F 2020[edit]

  • faggon - OneLook - Google "faggon" (BooksGroupsScholar), an obscure Cornish/English word for a large baked bun- can we verify this?
    Not in Wright's dictionary of dialectical words 1700-1900.
  • fallism - OneLook - Google "fallism" (BooksGroupsScholar) (or Fallism or #Fallism) – see [29], [30], [31], [32], [33]
  • fidian, fidianism - occasional uses, usually in compounds, discussing Christianity 17th - 19th centuries
  • first-ever - OneLook - Google "first-ever" (BooksGroupsScholar)
  • fop - as a verb, to fool or trick? "Finally, after being prodded to some extent by his wife, he asked me coolly but amiably enough, to come again, and the next thing I knew, I was alone in the sleigh, like someone who has been fopped, like someone whom a man bent on revenge first likes to play an insulting trick on, driving through the cold, white, starry night to the station." Arthur Schnitzler (tr. Catherine Hutter), My Youth in Vienna (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, p. 219).
  • Fox News effect? appears in a few books etc.; possibly related to the study that found watching FN makes one less politically aware than watching nothing at all.
    Originally and mainly about introduction of Fox News increasing Republican votes, but I have heard the suggested sense too. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 16:35, 15 July 2020 (UTC)[reply]
  • forest ranger - OneLook - Google "forest ranger" (BooksGroupsScholar)

F 2021[edit]

This is an interesting one. But the transcription of the first example is wrong: if you look at the scan[39], you can see that it's actually i’ feggs. So the i can't be the word I. The second example is I’feggs, but this is at the start of a sentence, so it's consistent with the basic form being i’feggs. I found a third example of the term[40] (download the "colour composite text file" to see the scan). In this case it's actually printed as I feggs (and not at the start of a sentence), but I suspect this is an error, similar to the way that iwis was often erroneously printed as I wis. (In fact, i’feggs seems to have been used in exactly the same way as iwis, and with exactly the same meaning. I can't decide if this is just a weird coincidence, or if i’feggs could possibly be a mutant form of iwis.) --Zundark (talk) 09:35, 11 September 2021 (UTC)[reply]
I had a look in my old Chambers dictionary, and found the interjection fegs, with the definition “in faith, truly”. So that is very likely what this feggs is, just spelt differently. The i’ is presumably for in (even if that doesn’t quite seem to make sense). --Zundark (talk) 12:44, 12 September 2021 (UTC)[reply]
And see also the entry for fegs in Wright (Vol.II, p325). It's a long entry, so I won't quote it here, but it mentions that feggs is a spelling used in Scotland, and it also mentions the expression i’ fegs. --Zundark (talk) 14:57, 13 September 2021 (UTC)[reply]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

G 2017 and before[edit]

See down: "With on, negative about, hostile to".

G 2018[edit]

G 2019[edit]

G 2020[edit]

  • Gidget
  • gadger - a man, possibly derived from cockney or romani (compare gachó in Caló) -- see gadje and its many alt forms
  • gentleman's sweep - I suspect from this usage that it's a sports term referring to a playoff series in which the losing team won one game. I don't know if it applies only to series of a certain length or (etc).
    I don't recognize the combination, but I recognize the use of the possessive of gentleman (any well-bred, well-mannered, or charming man) to refer to a polite way of doing something. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 10:29, 12 September 2020 (UTC)[reply]
    Added usage note at gentleman. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 14:11, 22 November 2020 (UTC)[reply]
  • gim or kim - edible seaweed, from Korean (gim), unclear if it is truly an English word
  • girlchik - female version of boychik
  • globohomo, usually negative reference to "globalized-homogenized" Western culture.
  • glossophile, glottophile
  • go for your tea - possibly IRA slang, found ie. in song "Kinky Boots": to get killed, to be murdered. Also in Farlex dictionary.
  • golden eggOED. Usage examples: [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] (credit to Marcus Richert elsewhere for surfacing these)
  • good hair - see w:Good hair
  • gruffy A Somerset adjective ('gruffy ground') meaning 'land made uneven or hummocky through ancient mining'. Not in OED. See [52]
  • gothrom - (a gothic romance novel--might be coined) "But out in the woods of Cornwall, New York, reading a deeply, deeply creepy story under the stars with these gothrom fans, it occurred to me that maybe I should just embrace the truly horrible." Avi Steinberg, The Happily Ever After: A Memoir of an Unlikely Romance Novelist (New York: Nan A. Talese / Doubleday, 2020, p. 95).

G 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

H 2017 and before[edit]

Could this be haem written with a ligature? That's the nearest thing I can find. Compare hæmoglobin. Cnilep (talk) 03:33, 25 December 2017 (UTC)[reply]

H 2018[edit]

H 2019[edit]

H 2020[edit]

  • High Tang - OneLook - Google "High Tang" (BooksGroupsScholar) - see Tang poetry#High Tang
  • hot sketch
  • Humpty-Dumpty show - "For a year or so [the Crosby Opera House in Chicago] housed lavish productions of opera with the finest singers of the day, but somehow the enterprise fell on evil ways, and before many years had passed it was given over to Humpty-Dumpty shows, families of bell ringers, trained animals, acrobats, and pantomimes." John Tasker Howard, Our American Music: Three Hundred Years of It (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1931, p. 283).

H 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

I 2017 and before[edit]

I 2018[edit]

I 2019[edit]

I 2020[edit]

I 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

J 2019 and before[edit]

  • Jack, someone from Swansea
  • Jacks or jacks (UK/Australia): A common term used for police in the UK and Australia, derived from "John Darme" a joking Anglicization of "gendarme" (French for police officer) and then - per common usage - John becomes Jack (or, in this case, the plural "Jacks").
This is sense 1 subsense 4 of jack wrt Australia. You could add U.K to the tag if you think it’s used here in that way and add the etymology if you think that’s correct. Overlordnat1 (talk) 08:43, 18 August 2021 (UTC)[reply]

J 2020[edit]

J 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

K 2018[edit]

K 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

L 2018[edit]

Possibly a one-off: The Little Book of Lykke is the follow-up to The Little Book of Hygge. Unlike hygge, I'm not seeing much uptake. Cnilep (talk) 02:07, 9 March 2018 (UTC)[reply]

L 2019[edit]

L 2020[edit]

L 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

M 2017 and before[edit]

M 2018[edit]

M 2019[edit]

M 2020[edit]

M 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

N 2017 and before[edit]

N 2020[edit]

N 2021[edit]

  • nerd snipe; term(s) coined by Randall Munroe; not sure which versions are more prevalent (nerdsnipe, nerd-snipe, nerd snipe)


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

O 2018 and before[edit]

O 2020[edit]

O 2021[edit]

  • Occam's broom - defined as (noun) "the process in which inconvenient facts are whisked under the rug by intellectually dishonest champions of one theory or another" by several sources


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

P 2017 and before[edit]

P 2018[edit]

P 2019[edit]

P 2020[edit]

P 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Q 2020[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

R 2017 and before[edit]

Apparently Korean for "hamlet, village cluster", it is a unit of governance in the DPRK. Cnilep (talk) 02:54, 19 April 2018 (UTC)[reply]

R 2018[edit]

R 2019[edit]

  • roper in - OneLook - Google "roper in" (BooksGroupsScholar) – "To keep a steady stream of suckers coming to their tables, many houses employed 'steerers' or 'ropers in,' 'men of considerable address' who 'make a flashy genteel appearance, very impressive and taking with greenhorns.'" – Karen Halttunen, Confidence Men and Painted Women: A Study of Middle-class Culture in America, 1830–1870, Yale University Press, 1982, p. 8, quoting Herbert Asbury, Sucker's Progress: An Informal History of Gambling in America from the Colonies to Canfield, Dodd, Mead and Co., 1930, p. 160. (Collins also has "one who tries to lure people into a gambling house" for roper.)
    We have (approximately) this sense at roper. Equinox 00:29, 12 September 2021 (UTC)[reply]
  • rapid-response or rapid response. Possibly non-SOP --I learned some phrases (talk) 11:54, 13 March 2019 (UTC)[reply]
  • running word (in corpus linguistics); it's probably similar to this sense of token (a single example/instance/occurrence of a given word form ["type"] in a text), but it might not be the same.
  • r-bomb, R-bomb
    Several meanings. One related to BlackBerry Messenger. Others for words beginning with 'R": recesssion, racist. Recession might be citable. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 18:09, 4 August 2020 (UTC)[reply]

R 2020[edit]

R 2021[edit]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

S 2017 and before[edit]

Yes, both the American sense of corruption and the British sense of hard work for both noun and verb seem to have appeared independently in the 1850s. The British sense is cited from 1853 in the OED. I've only recently heard the American sense here in the UK. Dbfirs 18:20, 5 July 2019 (UTC)[reply]
Apparently sutorian is a variant of sutorial. There is a plant genus Sutorious and possibly some bird species, but I can't find the word used as an adjective. Cnilep (talk) 08:18, 19 July 2016 (UTC)[reply]
OED gives this as a variant of sutorial with one exemplar, Thomas Blount's Glossographia. Blount defines Sutorious (sutorius) as “belonging to a Shoomaker, or Sewer”. The word appears just after Sutor (“a Shoomaker, a Sewer”), which he notes is Latin. Sutorius does not appear in Blount's (1707) Glossographia Anglicana Nova. I haven't found other examples in English. I would say that sutorious is a Latin word, not sufficiently attested in English. Cnilep (talk) 02:17, 25 January 2018 (UTC)[reply]
While Partridge emphasizes flirting, attestations on the web seem like comments on masculinity and social class – a bit like a (US) douchebag or a twit. [89], [90] Cnilep (talk) 04:19, 30 January 2018 (UTC)[reply]
I can only find cites by one author (Alexander Macalister) - it seams to be some sort of sheath in the shoulder joint of an insect. Need cites by more authors. Kiwima (talk) 04:43, 4 December 2016 (UTC)[reply]
Appears to be used enough to add, both in German and English, but I will need to read the papers to make sure they are all using it the same way. Archaic if not obsolete. One modern use appears to refer to a partially formed vagina. Vox Sciurorum (talk) 23:44, 2 August 2020 (UTC)[reply]

S 2018[edit]

Geertz & Geertz call it a “term [] in Balinese” and use italics on first mention (p. 30). Is it attested as a loanword in English? There is no request page for Balinese, but I wonder if editors on Wiktionary:Requested entries (Indonesian) could help with the Balinese lemma? Cnilep (talk) 02:57, 31 January 2018 (UTC)[reply]

S 2019[edit]

S 2020[edit]

S 2021[edit]

  • salad shaker: what is it, what are you shaking and why? Presumably not a McDonald's trademark, although they sell them...?
image search yields large beverage cup full of salad, to add and distribute "dressing" a shaking motion would seem neccessary .... 0mtwb9gd5wx (talk) 19:46, 13 May 2021 (UTC)[reply]
NASA website uses skycrane as in “skycrane” maneuver: the separation, by cable, of rocket engine from payload. [97] third-parties refer to the rocket engine as the "sky crane" .... 0mtwb9gd5wx (talk) 19:46, 13 May 2021 (UTC)[reply]


Section: 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

T 2017 and before[edit]

T 2018[edit]

The 2018[edit]

In some cases adding "the" definitely changes the meaning (like "underground" meaning below-ground generally vs. "the underground" meaning the subway). In some cases it does not, and the core word or phrase is all that's needed. It's unclear to me in which cases usage notes should be added to the core word or phrase vs. creating a separate entry, and in which cases redirects should be created. These were all previously at Appendix:English idioms; I weeded out the ones that were obviously not needed. -- Beland (talk) 08:24, 16 June 2018 (UTC)[reply]

Consider Both London and Moscow have undergrounds. I can't name a city with more than 5 million in population that shouldn't have an underground. Different determiners (including the "zero" determiner), different referents, same semantics for the noun. The performs its normal function of specifying the most salient (eg, local) instance of the noun it determines. In London "the underground" refers to all or part of their system. There may be some instances where the makes some other semantic change, but I am sure those instances are rare. DCDuring (talk) 23:22, 11 September 2018 (UTC)[reply]
Examples are the finger and the man. Such cases are rare indeed.  --Lambiam 15:30, 6 October 2018 (UTC)[reply]
In addition, do you suggest that we have separate entries for attributive use of the nouns whenever such use is attested, even though the noun's semantics are the same? DCDuring (talk) 23:43, 11 September 2018 (UTC)[reply]
I'm not from the UK, so I'm not confident in my ability to judge correct usage. Those examples sound plausible, so then underground probably covers it. It currently lists "underground" in the sense of the stuff below the surface of the Earth as an adjective, so that would explain why using "the" restricts the meaning to "subway" or "secret organization". For "secret organization" there's just a note that "the" is usually used with the noun, and that seems sufficient to me. I'll drop it from this todo list. As for the other listings, I think we need to think through them on a case-by-case basis to see how firmly attatched to "the" they are, and whether this justifies a separate listing, usage note, or neither. -- Beland (talk) 18:23, 18 October 2018 (UTC)[reply]

T 2019[edit]

  • tag group [104]
  • technos: created with cites but still needs definition
  • tourista - slang term for traveller's diarrhea in Latin countries.
  • tropism in the second sense given by Merriam-Webster. "Women's liberation, when it is extolled by men, can in no way be extolled by men, can in no way be explained by a pro-women tropism, but more conclusively by the complex of indigeneity, shared by colonial power and seeking to hoist itself up to the level of the so-called norms of the colonized." Houria Bouteldja, Whites, Jews and Us: Toward a Politics of Revolutionary Love (Semiotext(e), 2017), p. 82.
  • tropical month (synonym periodic month, no definition yet); see Wikipedia; it's ~27.3 days but needs an astronomical explanation; compare tropical year
  • tourist police - might not be as POS as you might first assume. wikipedia only offers a disambig page

T 2020[edit]