Wiktionary:Webster 1913/1224

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Page 1224[edit]

Syn. -- Compensation; recompense; remuneration; reward; satisfaction; payment; retribution; retaliation; reprisal; punishment. ==requite Re"quite" (r?-kw?t"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Requited; p. pr. & vb. n. Requiting.] [Pref. re- + quit.] To repay; in a good sense, to recompense; to return (an equivalent) in good; to reward; in a bad sense, to retaliate; to return (evil) for evil; to punish.

   He can requite thee; for he knows the charma That call fame on such gentle acts as these. Milton.
   Thou hast seen it; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with thy hand. Ps. x. 14.

Syn. -- To repay; reward; pay; compensate; remunerate; satisfy; recompense; punish; revenge.


Re*quite"ment (-ment), n. Requital [Obs.] E. Hall.


Re*quit"er (-kw?t"?r), n. One who requites.


Rere"brace` (r?r"br?s"), n. [F. arrire-bras.] (Anc. Armor) Armor for the upper part of the arm. Fairholt.


Rere`de*main" (-d?-m?n"), n. [F. arrire back + de of + main hand.] A backward stroke. [Obs.]


Rere"dos (r?r"d?s), n. [From rear + F. dos back, L. dorsum. Cf. Dorsal.] (Arch.) (a) A screen or partition wall behind an altar. (b) The back of a fireplace. (c) The open hearth, upon which fires were lighted, immediately under the louver, in the center of ancient halls. [Also spelt reredosse.] Fairholt.


Rere"fief` (r?r"f?f`), n. [F. arri\'8are-fief. See Rear hinder, and Fief.] (Scots Law) A fief held of a superior feudatory; a fief held by an under tenant. Blackstone.


Re*reign" (r?-r?n"), v. i. To reign again.


Re`-re*it"er*ate (r?`r?-?t"?r-?t), v. t. To reiterate many times. [R.] My re-reiterated wish." Tennyson.


Rere"mouse` (r?r"mous`), n. (Zoöl.) A rearmouse.


Re`-re*solve" (r?`r?-z?lv"), v. t. & i. To resolve again.

   Resolves, and re-resolves, then dies the same. Young.


Rere"ward` (r?r"w?rd`), n. [See Rearward.] The rear quard of an army. [Obs.]


Res (r?z), n.; pl. Res. [L.] A thing; the particular thing; a matter; a point. Res gestæ [L., things done] (Law), the facts which form the environment of a litigated issue. Wharton. -- Res judicata [L.] (Law), a thing adjudicated; a matter no longer open to controversy.


Re*sail" (r?-s?l"), v. t. & i. To sail again; also, to sail back, as to a former port.


Re*sale" (r?-s?l" ? r?"s?l), n. A sale at second hand, or at retail; also, a second sale. Bacon.


Re*sal"gar (r?-s?l"g?r), n. Realgar. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Re`sa*lute" (r?`s?-l?t"), v. t. To salute again.


Re*saw" (r-s"), v. t. To saw again; specifically, to saw a balk, or a timber, which has already been squared, into dimension lumber, as joists, boards, etc.


Res"cat (r?s"k?t), v. t. [Sp. rescattar.] To ransom; to release; to rescue. [Obs.] Howell.


Res"cat, n. [Sp. rescate.] Ransom; release. [Obs.]


Re*scind" (r?-s?nd"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rescinded; p. pr. & vb. n. Rescinding.] [L. rescindere, rescissum; pref re- re- + scindere to cut, split: cf. F. rescinder. See Shism.]

1. To cut off; to abrogate; to annul.

   The blessed Jesus . . . did sacramentally rescind the impure relics of Adam and the contraction of evil customs. Jer. Taylor.

2. Specifically, to vacate or make void, as an act, by the enacting authority or by superior authority; to repeal; as, to rescind a law, a resolution, or a vote; to rescind a decree or a judgment. Syn. -- To revoke; repeal; abrogate; annul; recall; reverse; vacate; void.


Re*scind"a*ble (-?-b'l), a. Capable of being rescinded.


Re*scind"ment (-ment), n. The act of rescinding; rescission.


Re*scis"sion (r?-s?zh"?n), n. [L. rescissio: cf. F. rescission. See Rescind.] The act of rescinding, abrogating, annulling, or vacating; as, the rescission of a law, decree, or judgment.


Re*scis"so*ry (r?-s?z"?-r? ? r?-s?s"-), a. [L. rescissorius: cf. F. rescisoire.] Tending to rescind; rescinding.

   To pass a general act rescissory (as it was called), annulling all the Parliaments that had been held since the year 1633. Bp. Burnet.


Res"cous (r?s"k?s), n. [OE., fr. OF. rescousse, fr. rescourre, p. p. rescous, to rescue. See Rescue.]

1. Rescue; deliverance. [Obs.] Chaucer.

2. (Law) See Rescue,2. [Obs.]


Res"cowe (r?s"kou), v. t. To rescue. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Re*scribe" (r?-skr?b"), v. t. [L. rescribere; pref. re- re- + scribere to write. See Scribe.]

1. To write back; to write in reply. Ayliffe.

2. To write over again. Howell.


Re"script (r?"skr?pt), n. [L. rescriptum: cf. F. rescrit, formerly also spelt rescript. See Rescribe,v. t.]

1. (Rom.Antiq.) The answer of an emperor when formallyconsulted by particular persons on some difficult question; hence, an edict or decree.

   In their rescripts and other ordinances, the Roman emperors spoke in the plural number. Hare.

2. (R.C.Ch.) The official written answer of the pope upon a question of canon law, or morals.

3. A counterpart. Bouvier.


Re*scrip"tion (r?-skr?p"sh?n), n. [L. rescriptio: cf. F. rescription. See Rescribe.] A writing back; the answering of a letter. Loveday.


Re*scrip"tive (-t?v), a. Pertaining to, or answering the purpose of, a rescript; hence, deciding; settling; determining.


Re*scrip"tive*ly, adv. By rescript. Burke.


Res"cu*a*ble (r?s"k?-?-b'l), a. That may be rescued.


Res"cue (r?s"k?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rescued (-k?d);p. pr. & vb. n. Rescuing.] [OE. rescopuen, OF. rescourre, rescurre, rescorre; L. pref. re- re- + excutere to shake or drive out; ex out + quatere to shake. See Qtash to crush, Rercussion.] To free or deliver from any confinement, violence, danger, or evil; to liberate from actual restraint; to remove or withdraw from a state of exposure to evil; as, to rescue a prisoner from the enemy; to rescue seamen from destruction.

   Had I been seized by a hungry lion, I would have been a breakfast to the beast,
   Rather than have false Proteus rescue me. Shak.

Syn. -- To retake; recapture; free; deliver; liberate; release; save.


Res"cue (r?s"k?), n. [From Rescue, v.; cf. Rescous.]

1. The act of rescuing; deliverance from restraint, violence, or danger; liberation.

   Spur to the rescue of the noble Talbot. Shak.

2. (Law) (a) The forcible retaking, or taking away, against law, of things lawfully distrained. (b) The forcible liberation of a person from an arrest or imprisonment. (c) The retaking by a party captured of a prize made by the enemy. Bouvier.

   The rescue of a prisoner from the court is punished with perpetual imprisonment and forfeiture of goods. Blackstone.

Rescue grass. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Bot.) A tall grass (Ceratochloa unioloides) somewhat resembling chess, cultivated for hay and forage in the Southern States.


Res"cue*less, a. Without rescue or release.


Res"cu*er (-k?-?r), n. One who rescues.


Res`cus*see" (r?s`k?s-s?"), n. (O.Eng. Law) The party in whose favor a rescue is made. Crabb.


Res*cus"sor (r?s-k?s"s?r), n. [LL.] (O.Eng.Law) One who makes an unlawful rescue; a rescuer. Burril.


Rese (r?z), v. i. To shake; to quake; to tremble. [Obs.] It made all the gates for to rese." Chaucer.


Re*search"ful (-f?l), a. Making researches; inquisitive. [R.] Coleridge.


Re*seat" (r?-s?t"), v. t.

1. To seat or set again, as on a chair, throne, etc. Dryden.

2. To put a new seat, or new seats, in; as, to reseat a theater; to reseat a chair or trousers.


Re*sect" (r?-s?kt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Resected;p. pr. & vb. n. Resecting.] [L. resectus, p. p. of resecare to cut off; pref. re- re- + secare to cut.] To cut or pare off; to remove by cutting.


Re*sec"tion (r?-s?k"sh?n), n. [L. resectio: cf. F. résection.]

1. The act of cutting or paring off. Cotgrave.

2. (Surg.) The removal of the articular extremity of a bone, or of the ends of the bones in a false articulation.


Re*se"da (r?-s?"d?), n. [L. , a kind of plant.]

1. (Bot.) A genus of plants, the type of which is mignonette.

2. A grayish green color, like that of the flowers of mignonette.


Re*seek" (r?-s?k"), v. t. To seek again. J. Barlow.


Re*seize" (r?-s?z"), v. t. [Pref. re- + seize: cf. F. ressaisir.]

1. To seize again, or a second time.

2. To put in possession again; to reinstate.

   And then therein [in his kingdom] reseized was again. Spenser.

3. (Law) To take possession of, as lands and tenements which have been disseized.

   The sheriff is commanded to reseize the land and all the chattels thereon, and keep the same in his custody till the arrival of the justices of assize. Blackstone.


Re*seiz"er (-s?z"?r), n.

1. One who seizes again.

2. (Eng. Law) The taking of lands into the hands of the king where a general livery, or oustre le main, was formerly mis-sued, contrary to the form and order of law.


Re*sei"zure (r-s"zhr; 135), n. A second seizure; the act of seizing again. Bacon.


Re*sell" (r?-s?l"), v. t. To sell again; to sell what has been bought or sold; to retail.


Re*sem"bla*ble (r?-z?m"bl?-b'l), a. [See Resemble.] Admitting of being compared; like. [Obs.] Gower.


Re*sem"blance (-blans), n. [Cf. F. ressemblance. See Resemble.]

1. The quality or state of resembling; likeness; similitude; similarity.

   One main end of poetry and painting is to please; they bear a great resemblance to each other. Dryden.

2. That which resembles, or is similar; a representation; a likeness.

   These sensible things, which religion hath allowed, are resemblances formed according to things spiritual. Hooker.

3. A comparison; a simile. [Obs.] Chaucer.

4. Probability; verisimilitude. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Likeness; similarity; similitude; semblance; representation; image.


Re*sem"blant (-blant), a. [F., a . and p. pr. fr. ressembler to resemble. See Resemble.] Having or exhibiting resemblance; resembling. [R.] Gower.


Re*sem"ble (r?-z?m"b'l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Resembled (-b'ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Resembling (-bl?ng).] [F. ressembler; pref. re- re- + sembler to seem, resemble, fr. L. similare, simulare, to imitate, fr. similis like, similar. See Similar.]

1. To be like or similar to; to bear the similitude of, either in appearance or qualities; as, these brothers resemble each other.

   We will resemble you in that. Shak.

2. To liken; to compare; to represent as like. [Obs.]

   The other . . . He did resemble to his lady bright. Spenser.

3. To counterfeit; to imitate. [Obs.] They can so well resemble man's speech." Holland.

4. To cause to imitate or be like. [R.] H. Bushnell.


Re*sem"bler (r?-z?m"bl?r), n. One who resembles.


Re*sem"bling*ly (-bl?ng-l?), adv. So as to resemble; with resemblance or likeness.


Re*sem"i*nate (-s?m"?-n?t), v. t. [L. pref. re- again + seminatus, p. p. of seminare to sow.] To produce again by means of seed. [Obs.] Sir. T. Browne.


Re*send" (r?-s?nd"), v. t.

1. To send again; as, to resend a message.

2. To send back; as, to resend a gift. [Obs.] Shak.

3. (Telegraphy) To send on from an intermediate station by means of a repeater.


Re*sent" (r?-z?nt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Resented; p. pr. & vb. n. Resenting.] [F. ressentir; L. pref. re- re- + sentire to feel. See Sense.]

1. To be sensible of; to feel; as: (a) In a good sense, to take well; to receive with satisfaction. [Obs.]

   Which makes the tragical ends of noble persons more favorably resented by compassionate readers. Sir T. Browne.

(b) In a bad sense, to take ill; to consider as an injury or affront; to be indignant at.

2. To express or exhibit displeasure or indignation at, as by words or acts.

   The good prince King James . . . bore dishonorably what he might have resented safely. Bolingbroke.

3. To recognize; to perceive, especially as if by smelling; -- associated in meaning with sent, the older spelling of scent to smell. See Resent, v. i. [Obs.]

   This bird of prey resented a worse than earthly savor in the soul of Saul. Fuller.
   Our King Henry the Seventh quickly resented his drift. Fuller.


Re*sent", v. i.

1. To feel resentment. Swift.

2. To give forth an odor; to smell; to savor. [Obs.]

   The judicious prelate will prefer a drop of the sincere milk of the word before vessels full of traditionary pottage resenting of the wild gourd of human invention. Fuller.


Re*sent"er (-?r), n. One who resents. Sir H. Wotton.


Re*sent"ful (-f?l), a. Inclined to resent; easily provoked to anger; irritable. -- Re*sent"ful*ly, adv.


Re*sent"i*ment (-?-ment), n. Resentment. [Obs.]


Re*sent"ing*ly, adv.

1. With deep sense or strong perception. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

2. With a sense of wrong or affront; with resentment.


Re*sent"ive (-?v), a. Resentful. [R.] Thomson.


Re*sent"ment (-ment), n. [F. ressentiment.]

1. The act of resenting.

2. The state of holding something in the mind as a subject of contemplation, or of being inclined to reflect upon something; a state consciousness; conviction; feeling; impression. [Obs.]

   He retains vivid resentments of the more solid morality. Dr. H. More.
   It is a greater wonder that so many of them die, with so little resentment of their danger. Jer. Taylor.

3. In a good sense, satisfaction; gratitude. [Obs.]

   The Council taking notice of the many good services performed by Mr. John Milton, . . . have thought fit to declare their resentment and good acceptance of the same. The Council Book (1651).

4. In a bad sense, strong displeasure; anger; hostility provoked by a wrong or injury experienced.

   Resentment . . . is a deep, reflective displeasure against the conduct of the offender. Cogan.

Syn. -- Anger; irritation; vexation; displeasure; grudge; indignation; choler; gall; ire; wrath; rage; fury. -- Resentment, Anger. Anger is the broader term, denoting a keen sense of disapprobation (usually with a desire to punish) for watever we feel to be wrong, whether directed toward ourselves or others. Reseniment is anger exicted by a sense of personal injury. It is, etymologically, that reaction of the mind which we instinctively feel when we think ourselves wronged. Pride and selfishness are apt to aggravate this feeling until it changes into a criminal animosity; and this is now the more common signification of the term. Being founded in a sense of injury, this feeling is hard to be removed; and hence the expressions bitter or implacable resentment. See Anger.

   Anger is like A full-hot horse, who being allowed his way, Self-mettle tires him. Shak.
   Can heavently minds such high resentment show, Or exercise their spite in human woe? Dryden.


Res"er*ate (r?s"?r-?t), v. t. [L. reseratus, p. p. of reserare to unlock.] To unlock; to open. [Obs.] Boyle.


Re*serv"ance (r?-z?rv"ans), n. Reservation. [R.]


Res`er*va"tion (r?z`?r-v?"sh?n), n. [Cf. F. réservation, LL. reservatio. See Reserve.]

1. The act of reserving, or keeping back; concealment, or withholding from disclosure; reserve. A. Smith.

   With reservation of an hundred knights. Shak.
   Make some reservation of your wrongs. Shak.

2. Something withheld, either not expressed or disclosed, or not given up or brought forward. Dryden.

3. A tract of the public land reserved for some special use, as for schools, for the use of Indians, etc. [U.S.]

4. The state of being reserved, or kept in store. Shak.

5. (Law) (a) A clause in an instrument by which some new thing is reserved out of the thing granted, and not in esse before. (b) A proviso. Kent. &hand; This term is often used in the same sense with exception, the technical distinction being disregarded.

6. (Eccl.) (a) The portion of the sacramental elements reserved for purposes of devotion and for the communion of the absent and sick. (b) A term of canon law, which signifies that the pope reserves to himself appointment to certain benefices. Mental reservation, the withholding, or failing to disclose, something that affects a statement, promise, etc., and which, if disclosed, would materially change its import.