Wiktionary:Webster 1913/1411

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Page 1411[edit]


Sten*to"ri*an (?), a. [L. stentoreus; cf. Gr. .] Of or pertaining to a stentor; extremely loud; powerful; as, a stentorian voice; stentorian lungs.


Sten"to*rin (?), n. (Chem.) A blue coloring matter found in some stentors. See Stentor, 2.


Sten*to"ri*ous (?), a. Stentorian. [R.]


Sten`to*ron"ic (?), a. Stentorian. [Obs.]


Sten`to*ro*phon"ic (?), a. [Gr. Stentor + a sound, voice. See Stentor.] Speaking or sounding very loud; stentorian. [Obs.]

   Of this stentorophonic horn of Alexander there is a preserved in the Vatican. Derham.


Step"broth`er (?), n. A brother by the marriage of one's father with the mother of another, or of one's mother with the father of another.


Step"child` (?), n. [AS. steópcild.]

1. A bereaved child; one who has lost father or mother. [Obs.]

2. A son or daughter of one's wife or husband by a former marriage.


Step"dame` (?), n. A stepmother. Spenser.


Step"daugh`ter (?), n. [AS. steópdohtor.] A daughter of one's wife or husband by a former marriage.


Step"fa`ther (?), n. [AS. steópfæder.] The husband of one's mother by a subsequent marriage.


Ste*pha"ni*on (?), n. [NL., from Gr. a crown.] (Anat.) The point on the side of the skull where the temporal line, or upper edge of the temporal fossa, crosses the coronal suture.


Steph"an*ite (?), n. [So named after the Archduke Stephan, mining director of Austria.] (Min.) A sulphide of antimony and silver of an iron-black color and metallic luster; called also black silver, and brittle silver ore.


Steph`a*no"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. fit for a crown, fr. crown.]

1. (Bot.) A genus of climbing asclepiadaceous shrubs, of Madagascar, Malaya, etc. They have fleshy or coriaceous opposite leaves, and large white waxy flowers in cymes.

2. A perfume said to be prepared from the flowers of Stephanotis floribunda.


Step"lad`der (?), n. A portable set of steps.


Step"moth`er (?), n. [AS. steópmder.] The wife of one's father by a subsequent marriage.


Step"par`ent (?), n. Stepfather or stepmother.


Steppe (?), n. [From Russ. stepe, through G. or F. steppe.] One of the vast plains in Southeastern Europe and in Asia, generally elevated, and free from wood, analogous to many of the prairies in Western North America. See Savanna. Steppe murrain. (Far.) See Rinderpest.


Stepped (?), a. Provided with a step or steps; having a series of offsets or parts resembling the steps of stairs; as, a stepped key. Stepped gear, a cogwheel of which the teeth cross the face in a series of steps.


Step"per (?), n. One who, or that which, steps; as, a quick stepper. <-- a stepping motor -->


Step"ping-stone` (?), n.

1. A stone to raise the feet above the surface of water or mud in walking.

2. Fig.: A means of progress or advancement.

   These obstacles his genius had turned into stepping-stones. Macaulay.
   That men may rise on stepping-stones Of their dead selves to higher things. Tennyson.


Step"sis`ter (?), n. A daughter of one's stepfather or stepmother by a former marriage.


Step"son` (?), n. [AS. steópsunu.] A son of one's husband or wife by a former marriage.


Step"stone` (?), n. A stone laid before a door as a stair to rise on in entering the house.


-ster (?). [OE. & AS. -estre, -istre.] A suffix denoting the agent (originally a woman), especially a person who does something with skill or as an occupation; as in spinster (originally, a woman who spins), songster, baxter (= bakester), youngster. &hand; Brewing, baking, and weaving were formerly feminine labors, and consequently brewster, baxter, and webster meant, originally, the woman (not the man) who brews, bakes, or weaves. When men began to perform these duties the feminine appellations were retained.


Ster`co*bi"lin (?), n. [L. stercus dung + E. bilin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A coloring matter found in the fæces, a product of the alteration of the bile pigments in the intestinal canal, -- identical with hydrobilirubin.


Ster"co*lin (?), n. [L. stercus dung + oleum oil.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Serolin (b).


Ster`co*ra"ceous (?), a. [L. stercus, -oris, dung.] Of or pertaining to dung; partaking of the nature of, or containing, dung.


Ster"co*ra*nism (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine or belief of the Stercoranists.


Ster"co*ra*nist (?), n. [LL. stercoranista, fr. L. stercus, -oris, dung.] (Eccl. Hist.) A nickname formerly given to those who held, or were alleged to hold, that the consecrated elements in the eucharist undergo the process of digestion in the body of the recipient.


Ster`co*ra"ri*an (?), n. A Stercoranist.


Ster"co*ra*ry (?), n. [LL. stercorarium, from L. stercorarius belonging to dung.] A place, properly secured from the weather, for containing dung.


Ster"co*rate (?), n. Excrement; dung. [Obs.]


Ster`co*ra"tion (?), n. [L. stercoratio, from stercorare to dung.] Manuring with dung. [Obs.] Bacon.


Ster*co"ri*an*ism (?), n. (Eccl.) The doctrine or belief of the Stercoranists.


Ster"co*rin (?), n. [L. stercus, -oris, dung.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Serolin (b).


Ster"co*ry (?), n. Excrement; dung. [Obs.]


Ster*cu`li*a"ceous (?), a. [NL. Sterculia, the typical genus, fr. L. Sterculius the deity that presided over manuring, from stercus dung. So called because one of the original species is fetid.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Sterculiaceæ) of polypetalous exogenous plants, mostly tropical. The cacao (Theobroma Cacao) is the most useful plant of the order.


Stere (?), n. [F. st\'8are, fr. Gr. solid.] A unit of cubic measure in the metric system, being a cubic meter, or kiloliter, and equal to 35.3 cubic feet, or nearly 1


Stere (?), v. t. & i. To stir. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Stere, n. A rudder. See 5th Steer. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Stere, n. Helmsman. See 6th Steer. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Ster`el*min"tha (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. stereo`s solid + a worm.] (Zoöl.) Same as Platyelminthes.


Ste"re*o- (?). [Gr. stereo`s solid. See Stare to gaze.] A combining form meaning solid, hard, firm, as in stereo-chemistry, stereography.


Ste"re*o*bate (?), n. [Gr. stereo`s solid + that treads or covers, akin to base; cf. F. stéréobate.] (Arch.) The lower part or basement of a building or pedestal; -- used loosely for several different forms of basement.

stereo-chemic, Stereo-chemical[edit]

Ste`re*o-chem"ic (?), Ste`re*o-chem"ic*al (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or illustrating, the hypothetical space relations of atoms in the molecule; as, a stereo-chemic formula.


Ste`re*o-chem"is*try (?), n. [Stereo- + chemistry.] (Chem.) Chemistry considered with reference to the space relations of atoms.


Ste"re*o*chrome (?), n. Stereochromic picture.


Ste`re*o*chro"mic (?), a. Pertaining to the art of stereochromy; produced by stereochromy. -- Ste`re*o*chro"mic*al*ly (#), adv.


Ste`re*och"ro*my (?), n. [Stereo- + Gr. chrw^ma color.] A style of painting on plastered walls or stone, in which the colors are rendered permanent by sprinklings of water, in which is mixed a proportion of soluble glass (a silicate of soda).


Ste`re*o*e*lec"tric (?), a. [Stereo- + electric.] (Physics) Of or pertaining to the generation of electricity by means of solid bodies alone; as, a stereoelectric current is one obtained by means of solids, without any liquid.


Ste"re*o*gram (?), n. [Stereo- + -gram.] A diagram or picture which represents objects in such a way as to give the impression of relief or solidity; also, a stereograph.


Ste"re*o*graph (?), n. [Stereo- + -graph.] Any picture, or pair of pictures, prepared for exhibition in the stereoscope. Stereographs are now commonly made by means of photography.

stereographic, Stereographical[edit]

Ste`re*o*graph"ic (?), Ste`re*o*graph"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. stéréographique.] Made or done according to the rules of stereography; delineated on a plane; as, a stereographic chart of the earth. Stereographic projection (Geom.), a method of representing the sphere in which the center of projection is taken in the surface of the sphere, and the plane upon which the projection is made is at right andles to the diameter passing through the center of projection.


Ste`re*o*graph"ic*al*ly, adv. In a stereographical manner; by delineation on a plane.


Ste`re*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Stereo- + graphy: cf. F. stéréographie.] The art of delineating the forms of solid bodies on a plane; a branch of solid geometry which shows the construction of all solids which are regularly defined. <-- Illustration: "Stereography". 5 figures, illustrating arrangements of triangles, squares, or pentagons which can be drawn on a surface and folded into the five regular polyhedra. --> &hand; By cutting pieces of cardboard, or other suitable material, in the forms represented in the cut, folding them along the lines indicated, and joining their edges, the five regular solids may be formed.


Ste`re*om"e*ter (?), n. [Stereo- + meter.] (Physics)

1. An instrument for measuring the solid contents of a body, or the capacity of a vessel; a volumenometer.

2. An instrument for determining the specific gravity of liquid bodies, porous bodies, and powders, as well as solids.

stereometric, Stereometrical[edit]

Ste`re*o*met"ric (?), Ste`re*o*met"ric*al (?), a. [Cf. F. stéréométrique.] Of or pertaining to stereometry; performed or obtained by stereometry. -- Ste`re*o*met"ric*al*ly, adv.


Ste`re*om"e*try (?), n. [Stereo- + -metry: cf. F. stéréométrie.] The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.


Ste`re*o*mon"o*scope (?), n. [Stereo- + mono- + -scope.] An instrument with two lenses, by which an image of a single picture projected upon a screen of ground glass is made to present an appearance of relief, and may be viewed by several persons at once.


Ste"re*o*plasm (?), n. [Stereo- + Gr. anything formed or molded.] (Biol.) The solid or insoluble portion of the cell protoplasm. See Hygroplasm.


Ste`re*op"ti*con (?), n. [NL. See Stereo-, and Optic.] An instrument, consisting essentially of a magic lantern in which photographic pictures are used, by which the image of a landscape, or any object, may be thrown upon a screen in such a manner as to seem to stand out in relief, so as to form a striking and accurate representation of the object itself; also, a pair of magic lanterns for producing the effect of dissolving views.


Ste"re*o*scope (?), n. [Stereo- + -scope.] An optical instrument for giving to pictures the appearance of solid forms, as seen in nature. It combines in one, through a bending of the rays of light, two pictures, taken for the purpose from points of view a little way apart. It is furnished with two eyeglasses, and by refraction or reflection the pictures are superimposed, so as to appear as one to the observer. &hand; In the reflecting stereoscope, the rays from the two pictures are turned into the proper direction for stereoscopic vision by two plane mirrors set at an angle with each other, and between the pictures. In the lenticular stereoscope, the form in general use, the eyeglasses are semilenses, or marginal portions of the same convex lenses, set with their edges toward each other, so that they deflect the rays coming from the picture so as to strike the eyes as if coming direct from an intermediate point, where the two pictures are seen apparently as one.

stereoscopic, Stereoscopical[edit]

Ste`re*o*scop"ic (?), Ste`re*o*scop"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the stereoscope; characteristic of, or adapted to, the stereoscope; as, a stereoscopic effect; the stereoscopic function of the eyeglasses; stereoscopic views. -- Ste`re*o*scop"ic*al*ly, adv.<-- 2. Permitting the perception of depth by exhibiting different views to each eye; as, a sereoscopic microscope, i.e. one in which each eye views the subject from a different angle, through separate optical paths. -->


Ste`re*os"co*pist (?), n. One skilled in the use or construction of stereoscopes.