Wiktionary:Webster 1913/273

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1. A fabulous serpent whose breath and look were said to be fatal. See Basilisk.

   That bare vowel, I, shall poison more Than the death-darting eye of . Shak.

2. (Her.) A representation of this serpent. It has the head, wings, and legs of a bird, and tail of a serpent.

3. (Script.) A venomous serpent which which cannot now be identified.

   The weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice's [Rev. Ver. basilisk's] den. Is. xi. 8.

4. Any venomous or deadly thing.

   This little cockatrice of a king. Bacon.



Cock"bill (?), v. t. [See Cock to set erect.] (Naut.) To tilt up one end of so as to make almost vertical; as, to cockbill the yards as a sign of mourning. To cockbill the anchor, to suspend it from the cathead preparatory to letting it go. See Acockbill.


Cock"boat` (?), n. [See Cock a boat.] A small boat, esp. one used on rivers or near the shore.


Cock"-brained` (?), a. Giddy; rash. Milton.


Cock"chaf`er (?), n. [See Chafer the beetle.] (Zoöl.) A beetle of the genus Melolontha (esp. M. vulgaris) and allied genera; -- called also May bug, chafer, or dorbeetle.

cockcrow, Cockcrowing[edit]

Cock"crow (?), Cock"crow`ing, n. The time at which cooks first crow; the early morning.


Cock"er (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cockered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cockering.] [OE. cokeren; cf. W. cocru to indulge, fondle, E. cock the bird, F. coqueliner to dandle (Cotgrave), to imitate the crow of a cock, to run after the girls, and E. cockle, v.] Th treat with too great tenderness; to fondle; to indulge; to pamper.

   Cocker thy child and he shall make thee afraid. Ecclesiasticus xxx. 9.
   Poor folks cannot afford to cocker themselves up. J. Ingelow.


Cock"er, n. [From Cock the bird.]

1. One given to cockfighting. [Obs.] Steele.

2. (Zoöl.) A small dog of the spaniel kind, used for starting up woodcocks, etc.


Cock"er, n. [OE. coker qyiver, boot, AS. cocer quiver; akin to G. köcher quiver, and perh. originally meaning receptacle, holder. Cf. Quiver (for arrows).] A rustic high shoe or half-boots. [Obs.] Drayton.


Cock"er*el (?), n. [Prob. a double dim. of cock.] A young cock.


Cock"et (?), a. [F. coquet coquettish. See Coquette, n.] Pert; saucy. [Obs.] Halliwell.


Cock"et, n.

1. (Eng. Law) A customhouse seal; a certified document given to a shopper as a warrant that his goods have been duly enstered and have paid duty.

2. An office in a customhouse where goods intended for export are entered. [Eng.]

3. A measure for bread. [Obs.] Blount.


Cock"eye` (?), n. [From cock to turn up.] A squinting eye. Forby.


Cock"eye`, n. (Mach.) The socket in the ball of a millstone, which sits on the cockhead.


Cock"fight` (?), n. A match or contest of gamecocks.


Cock"fight`ing, n. The act or practice of pitting gamecocks to fight.


Cock"fight`ing, a. Addicted to cockfighting.


Cock"head` (?), n. (Mach.) The rounded or pointed top of a grinding mill spindle, forming a pivot on which the stone is balanced.


Cock"horse` (?), n.

1. A child's rocking-horse.

   Ride a cockhorse to Banbury cross. Mother Goose.

2. A high or tall horse. [R.]


Cock"horse`, a.

1. Lifted up, as one is on a tall horse.

2. Lofty in feeling; exultant; pround; upstart.

   Our painted fools and cockhorse peasantry. Marlowe.


Cock`ie*leek"ie (?), n. Same as Cockaleekie.


Cock"ing, n. Cockfighting. Ben Jonson.


Coc"kle (?), n. [OE. cockes cockles, AS. scoccas sea cockles, prob, from Celtic; cf. W. cocs cockles, Gael. cochull husk. Perh. influenced by EF. coquille shell, a dim. from the root of E. conch. Cf. Coach.]

1. (Zoöl.) A bivalve mollusk, with radiating ribs, of the genus Cardium, especially C. edule, used in Europe for food; -- sometimes applied to similar shells of other genera.

2. A cockleshell.

3. The mineral black tourmaline or schorl; -- so called by the Cornish miners. Raymond.

4. The fire chamber of a furnace. [Eng.] Knight.

5. A hop-drying kiln; an oast. Knight.

6. The dome of a heating furnace. Knight. Cockle hat, a hat ornamented with a cockleshell, the badge of a pilgrim. Shak. -- Cockle stairs, winding or spiral stairs.


Coc"kle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cockled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cockling (?).] [Of uncertian origin.] To cause to contract into wrinkles or ridges, as some kinds of cloth after a wetting. Cockling sea, waves dashing against each other with a short and quick motion. Ham. Nav. Encyc.


Coc"kle, n. [AS. coccel, cocel; cf. Gael. cogall tares, husks, cockle.] (Bot.) (a) A plant or weed that grows among grain; the corn rose (Luchnis Githage). (b) The Lotium, or darnel.


Coc"kle*bur` (?), n. (Bot.) A coarse, composite weed, having a rough or prickly fruit; one of several species of the genus Xanthium; -- called also clotbur.


Coc"kled (?), a. Inclosed in a shell.

   The tender horns of cockled snails. Shak.


Coc"kled, a. Wrinkled; puckered.

   Showers soon drench the camlet's cockled grain. Gay.


Coc"kler (?), n. One who takes and sells cockles.


Coc"kle*shell` (?), n.

1. One of the shells or valves of a cockle.

2. A light boat.

   To board the cockleshell in those plunding waters. W. Black.


Cock"loft` (?; 115) n. [Prop., a loft where cocks roost.] An upper loft; a garret; the highest room in a building. Dryden. Swift.


Cock"mas`ter (?), n. One who breeds gamecocks. L'Estrange.


Cock"match` (?), n. A cockfight.


Cock"ney (?), n.; pl. Cockneys (#). [OE. cocknay, cokenay, a spoiled child, effeminate person, an egg; prob. orig. a cock's egg, a small imperfect egg; OE. cok cock + nay, neye, for ey egg (cf. Newt), AS. æg. See 1st Cock, Egg, n.]

1. An effeminate person; a spoilt child. A young heir or cockney, that is his mother's darling." Nash (1592).

   This great lubber, the world, will prove a cockney. Shak.

2. A native or resident of the city of London; -- used contemptuosly.

   A cockney in a rural village was stared at as much as if he had entered a kraal of Hottentots. Macaulay.


Cock"ney, a. Of or relating to, or like, cockneys.


Cock"ney*dom (?), n. The region or home of cockneys; cockneys, collectively. Thackeray.


Cock"ney*fi (?), v. t. [Cockney + -fy.] To form with the manners or character of a cockney. [Colloq.]


Cock"ney*ish, a. Characteristic of, or resembling, cockneys.


Cock"ney*ism (?), n. The charasteristics, manners, or dialect, of a cockney.


Cock"-pad`le (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoöl.) See Lumpfish. [Scot.]


Cock"pit` (?), n.

1. A pit, or inclosed area, for cockfights.

   Henry the Eight had built . . . a cockpit. Macaulay.

2. The Privy Council room at Westminster; -- so called because built on the site of the cockpit of Whitehall palace. Brande & C.

3. (Naut.) (a) That part of a war vessel appropriated to the wounded during an engagement. (b) In yachts and other small vessels, a space lower than the rest of the deck, which affords easy access to the cabin.


Cock"roach (?), n. [Sp. cucaracha.] (Zoöl.) An orthopterus insect of the genus Blatta, and allied genera. &hand; The species are numerous, especially in hot countries. Those most commonly infesting houses in Europe and North America are Blatta orientalis, a large species often called black beetle, and the Croton bug (Ectobia Germanica).


Cocks"comb (?), n. [1st cock, n. + comb crest.]

1. See Coxcomb.

2. (Bot.) A plant (Celosia cristata), of many varieties, cultivated for its broad, fantastic spikes of brilliant flowers; -- sometimes called garden cockscomb. Also the Pedicularis, or lousewort, the Rhinanthus Crista-galli, and the Onobrychis Crista-galli.


Cocks"head` (?), n. (Bot.) A leguminous herb (Onobrychis Caput-galli), having small spiny-crested pods.


Cock"shut` (?), n. A kind of net to catch woodcock. [Obs.] Nares. Cockshut time ? light, evening twilight; nightfall; -- so called in allusion to the tome at which the cockshut used to be spread. [Obs.] Shak. B. Jonson.


Cock"shy` (?), n.

1. A game in which trinkets are set upon sticks, to be thrown at by the players; -- so called from an ancient popular sport which consisted in shying" or throwing cudgels at live cocks.

2. An object at which stones are flung.

   Making a cockshy of him," replied the hideous small boy. Dickens.


Cock"spur (?), n. (Bot.) A variety of Cratægus, or hawthorn (C. Crus-galli), having long, straight thorns; -- called also Cockspur thorn.


Cock"sure` (?), a.

1. Perfectly safe. [Obs.]

   We steal as in a castle, cocksure: . . . we walk invisible. Shak.

2. Quite certain. [Colloq.]

   I throught myself cocksure of the horse which he readily promised me. Pope.


Cock"swain (?, colloq. ?), n. [Cock a boat + swain; hence, the master of a boat.] The steersman of a boat; a petty officer who has charge of a boat and its crew.


Cock"tail` (?), n.

1. A beverage made of brandy, whisky, or gin, iced, flavored, and sweetened. [U. S.]

2. (Stock Breeding) A horse, not of pure breed, but having only one eighth or one sixteenth impure blood in his veins. Darwin.

3. A mean, half-hearted fellow; a coward. [Slang, Eng.]

   It was in the second affair that poor little Barney showed he was a cocktail. Thackeray.

4. (Zoöl.) A species of rove beetle; -- so called from its habit of elevating the tail.


Cock"up (?), n. (Zoöl.) A large, highly esteemed, edible fish of India (Lates calcarifer); -- also called begti.


Cock"weed (?), n. (Bot.) Peppergrass. Johnson.


Cock"y (?), a. [See Cocket.] Pert. [Slang]

coco, n. ? Coco palm[edit]

Co"co (?), n. ? Co"co palm (?). See Cocoa.

cocoa, n., Cocoa palm[edit]

Co"coa (?), n., Co"coa palm` (?) [Sp. & Pg. coco cocoanut, in Sp. also, cocoa palm. The Portuguese name is said to have been given from the monkeylike face at the base of the nut, fr. Pg. coco a bugbear, an ugly mask to frighten children. Cf., however, Gr. the cocoa palm and its fruit, , , a kind of Egyptian palm.] (Bot.) A palm tree producing the cocoanut (Cocos nucifera). It grows in nearly all tropical countries, attaining a height of sixty or eighty feet. The trunk is without branches, and has a tuft of leaves at the top, each being fifteen or twenty feet in length, and at the base of these the nuts hang in clusters; the cocoanut tree.


Co"coa, n. [Corrupted fr. cacao.] A preparation made from the seeds of the chocolate tree, and used in making, a beverage; also the beverage made from cocoa or cocoa shells. Cocoa shells, the husks which separate from the cacao seeds in preparing them for use.


Co"coa*nut` (?), n. The large, hard-shelled nut of the cocoa palm. It yields an agreeable milky liquid and a white meat or albumen much used as food and in making oil.

cocobolo, Cocobolas[edit]

Co`co*bo"lo (?), Co`co*bo"las (?), n. [Sp. cocobolo.] (Bot.) A very beautiful and hard wood, obtained in the West India Islands. It is used in cabinetmaking, for the handles of tools, and for various fancy articles.


Co*coon" (?), n. [F. cocon, dim. of coque shell of egge and insects, fr. L. concha mussel shell. See Conch.]

1. An oblong case in which the silkworn lies in its chrysalis state. It is formed of threads of silk spun by the worm just before leaving the larval state. From these the silk of commerce is prepared.

2. (Zoöl.) (a) The case constructed by any insect to contain its larva or pupa. (b) The case of silk made by spiders to protect their eggs. (c) The egg cases of mucus, etc., made by leeches and other worms.


Co*coon"er*y (?), n. A building or apartment for silkworms, when feeding and forming cocoons.


Coc"ti*ble (?), a. [See Coctile.] Capable of being cooked. Blount.


Coc"tile (?), a. [L. coctilis, fr. coguere. See Cook.] Made by baking, or exposing to heat, as a brick.


Coc"tion (?), n. [L. coctio.]

1. Act of boiling.

2. (Med.) (a) Digestion. [Obs.] (b) The change which the humorists believed morbific matter undergoes before elimination. [Obs.] Dunglison.

cocus wood[edit]

Co"cus wood` (?). A West Indian wood, used for making flutes and other musical instruments.


Cod (?), n. [AS. codd small bag; akin to Icel. koddi pillow, Sw. kudde cushion; cf. W. cod, ciod, bag, shell.]

1. A husk; a pod; as, a peascod. [Eng.] Mortimer.

2. A small bag or pouch. [Obs.] Halliwell.

3. The scortum. Dunglison.

4. A pillow or cushion. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


Cod, n. [Cf. G. gadde, and (in Heligoland) gadden, L. gadus merlangus.] (Zoöl.) An important edible fish (Gadus morrhua), Taken in immense numbers on the northern coasts of Europe and America. It is especially abundant and large on the Grand Bank of Newfoundland. It is salted and dried in large quantities. &hand; There are several varieties; as shore cod, from shallow water; bank cod, from the distant banks; and rock cod, which is found among ledges, and is often dark brown or mottled with red. The tomcod is a distinct species of small size. The bastard, blue, buffalo, or cultus cod of the Pacific coast belongs to a distinct family. See Buffalo cod, under Buffalo. Cod fishery, the business of fishing for cod. -- Cod line, an eighteen-thread line used in catching codfish. McElrath.


Co"da (?), n. [It., tail, fr. L. cauda.] (Mus.) A few measures added beyond the natural termination of a composition.


Cod"der (?), n. A gatherer of cods or peas. [Obs. or Prov.] Johnson.


Cod"ding (?), a. Lustful. [Obs.] Shak.


Cod"dle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Coddling (?).] [Cf. Prov. E. caddle to coax, spoil, fondle, and Cade, a. & v. t.] [Written also codle.]

1. To parboil, or soften by boiling.

   It [the guava fruit] may be coddled. Dampier.

2. To treat with excessive tenderness; to pamper.

   How many of our English princes have been coddled at home by their fond papas and mammas! Thackeray.
   He [Lord Byron] never coddled his reputation. Southey.


Cod"dy*mod"dy (?), n. (Zoöl.) A gull in the plumage of its first year.


Code (?), n. [F., fr. L. codex, caudex, the stock or tem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a writting.]

1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest. &hand; The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian is sometimes called, by way of eminence. The Code" Wharton.

2. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals. Code civil ? Code Napoleon, a code enacted in France in 1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and of property generally. Abbot.


Co`de*fend"ant (?), n. A joint defendant. Blackstone.


Co*de"ine (?), n. [Gr. poppy head: cf. F. codine.] (Chem.) One of the opium alkaloids; a white crystalline substance, C18H21NO3, similar to and regarded as a derivative of morphine, but much feebler in its action; -- called also codeia.


Co*det"ta (?), n. [It., dim. of coda tail.] (Mus.) A short passage connecting two sections, but not forming part of either; a short coda.


Co"dex (?), n.; pl. Codices (#). [L. See Code.]

1. A book; a manuscript.

2. A collection or digest of laws; a code. Burrill.

3. An ancient manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures, or any part of them, particularly the New Testament.

4. A collection of canons. Shipley.


Cod"fish (?), n. (Zoöl.) A kind of fish. Same as Cod.


Codg"er (?), n. [Cf. Cadger.]

1. A miser or mean person.

2. A singular or odd person; -- a familiar, humorous, or depreciatory appellation. [Colloq.]

   A few of us old codgers met at the fireside. Emerson.


Cod"i*cal (?), a. Ralating to a codex, or a code.


Cod`i*cil"la*ry (?), a. [L. codicillaris, codicillarius.] Of the nature of a codicil.


Co`di*fi*ca"tion (? ? ?), n. [Cf. F. codification.] The act or process of codifying or reducing laws to a code.


Co"di*fi`er (? ? ?), n. One who codifies.


Co"di*fy (? ? ?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Codified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Codifying.] [Code + -fy: cf. F. codifier.] To reduce to a code, as laws.


Co*dil"la (?), n. [Cf. L. codicula a little tail, dim. of cauda tail.] (Com.) The coarse tow of flax and hemp. McElrath.


Co*dille" (?), n. [F. codile.] A term at omber, signifying that the game is won. Pope.


Co"dist (?), n. A codifier; a maker of codes. [R.]


Co"dle (?), v. t. See Coddle.

codlin, Codling[edit]

Cod"lin (?), Cod"ling (?), n. [Cf. AS. codæppel a quince.] (a) An apple fit to stew or coddle. (b) An immature apple.

   A codling when 't is almost an apple. Shak.

Codling moth (Zoöl.), a small moth (Carpocapsa Pomonella), which in the larval state (known as the apple worm) lives in apples, often doing great damage to the crop.


Cod"ling, n. [Dim. of cod the fish.] (Zoöl.) A young cod; also, a hake.

cod liver[edit]

Cod" liv`er (?), n. The liver of the common cod and allied species. Cod-liver oil, an oil obtained fron the liver of the codfish, and used extensively in medicine as a means of supplying the body with fat in cases of malnutrition.


Cod"piece` (?), n. [Cod, n., + piece.] A part of male dress in front of the breeches, formerly made very conspicuous. Shak. Fosbroke.


Cœ*cil"i*an (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Cæcilian.


Co*ed`u*ca"tion (?; 135), n. An educating together, as of persons of different sexes or races.<-- usu. of different sexes. --> Co*ed`u*ca"tion*al (), a.


Co*ef"fi*ca*cy (?), n. Joint efficacy.


Co`ef*fi"cien*cy (?), n. Joint efficiency; coöperation. Glanvill.


Co`ef*fi"cient (?), a. Coöperating; acting together to produce an effect. Co`ef*fi"cient*ly, adv.


Co`ef*fi"cient, n.

1. That which unites in action with something else to produce the same effect.

2. [Cf. F. coefficient.] (Math.) A number or letter put before a letter or quantity, known or unknown, to show how many times the latter is to be taken; as, 6x; bx; here 6 and b are coefficients of x.

3. (Physics) A number, commonly used in computation as a factor, expressing the amount of some change or effect under certain fixed conditions as to temperature, length, volume, etc.; as, the coefficient of expansion; the coefficient of friction. Arbitrary coefficient (Math.), a literal coefficient placed arbitrarily in an algebraic, expression, the value of the coefficient being afterwards determined by the conditions of the problem.


Coe"horn (?), n. [From its inventor, Baron Coehorn.] (Mil.) A small bronze mortar mounted on a wooden block with handles, and light enough to be carried short distances by two men.


Cœl"a*canth (? or ), a. [Gr. hollow + spine.] (Zoöl.) Having hollow spines, as some ganoid fishes.

cœlentera ? Cœlenterata[edit]

Cœ*len"te*ra (?) ? Cœ*len`te*ra"ta, n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. hollow + intestines.] (Zoöl.) A comprehensive group of Invertebrata, mostly marine, comprising the Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, and Ctenophora. The name implies that the stomach and body cavities are one. The group is sometimes enlarged so as to include the sponges.


Cœ*len"ter*ate (?), a. (Zoöl.) Belonging to the Cœlentra. -- n. One of the Cœlentera.


Cœ"li*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a cavity of the body, a ventricle.] (Anat.) A cavity. &hand; The word is applied to the ventricles of the brain, the different venticles being indicated by prefixes like those characterizing the parts of the brain in which the cavities are found; as, epicœlia, mesocœlia, metacœlia, procœlia, etc. B. G. Wilder.

cœliac, Celiac[edit]

Cœ"li*ac, Ce"li*ac (?), a. [L. coeliacus, Gr. , fr. belly, fr. hollow.] Relating to the abdomen, or to the cavity of the abdomen. Cœliac artery (Anat.), the artery which issues from the aorta just below the diaphragm; -- called also cœliac axis. -- Cœliac flux, Cœliac passion (Med.), a chronic flux or diarrhea of undigested food.


Cœ"lo*dont (?), a. [Gr. hollow + , , tooth.] (Zoöl.) Having hollow teeth; -- said of a group lizards. -- n. One of a group of lizards having hollow teeth.


Cœl`o*sper"mous (? ? ), a. [Gr. hollow + seed.] (Bot.) Hollow-seeded; having the ventral face of the seedlike carpels incurved at the ends, as in coriander seed.


Cœ"lum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a hollow, neut. of hollow.] (Anat.) See Body cavity, under Body.


Co*emp"tion (?; 215), n. [L. coëmptio, fr. coëmere to buy up. See Emption.] The act of buying the whole quantity of any commodity. [R.] Bacon.


Co*en"doo (?), n. [Native name.] (Zoöl.) The Brazilian porcupine (Cercolades, ? Sphingurus, prehensiles), remarkable for its prehensile tail.

cœnenchym, Cœnenchyma[edit]

Cœ*nen"chym (?), Cœ*nen"chy*ma (?) n. [NL. coenenchyma, fr. Gr. common + something poured in. Formed like parenchyma.] (Zoöl.) The common tissue which unites the polyps or zooids of a compound anthozoan or coral. It may be soft or more or less ossified. See Coral.


Cœn`es*the"sis (? ? ?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. common + sensation.] (Physiol.) Common sensation or general sensibility, as distinguished from the special sensations which are located in, or ascribed to, separate organs, as the eye and ear. It is supposed to depend on the ganglionic system.


Cœn"o*bite (? ? ?), n. See Cenobite.


Cœ*nœ"ci*um (? ? ?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. common + house.] (Zoöl.) The common tissue which unites the various zooids of a bryozoan.


Cœ*nog"a*my (?), n. [Gr. ; common + marraige.] The state of a community which permits promiscuous sexual intercourse among its members; -- as in certain primitive tribes or communistic societies. [Written also cenogamy.]


Cœn"o*sarc (? ? ?), n. [Gr. common + , , flesh.] (Zoöl.) The common soft tissue which unites the polyps of a compound hydroid. See Hydroidea.


Cœ*nu"rus (?), n. [NL. fr. Gr. + tail.] (Zoöl.) The larval stage of a tapeworm (Tænia cœnurus) which forms bladderlike sacs in the brain of sheep, causing the fatal disease known as water brain, vertigo, staggers or gid. &hand; This bladder worm has on its surface numerous small heads, each of which, when swallowed by a dog, becomes a mature tapeworm in the dog's intestine.


Co*e"qual (?), a. [L. coaequalis; co- + aequalis equal.] Being on an equality in rank or power. -- n. One who is on an equality with another.

   In once he come to be a cardinal, He'll make his cap coequal with the crown. Shak.


Co`e*qual"i*ty (?), n. The state of being on an equality, as in rank or power.


Co*e"qual*ly (?), adv. With coequality.


Co*erce" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coerced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Coercing.] [L. coërcere; co- + arcere to shut up, to press together. See Ark.]

1. To restrain by force, especially by law or authority; to repress; to curb. Burke.

   Punishments are manifold, that they may coerce this profligate sort. Ayliffe.

2. To compel or constrain to any action; as, to coerce a man to vote for a certain candidate.

3. To compel or enforce; as, to coerce obedience. Syn. -- To Coerce, Compel. To compel denotes to urge on by force which cannot be resisted. The term aplies equally to physical and moral force; as, compelled by hunger; compelled adverse circumstances; compelled by parental affection. Coerce had at first only the negative sense of checking or restraining by force; as, to coerce a bad man by punishments or a prisoner with fetters. It has now gained a positive sense., viz., that of driving a person into the performance of some act which is required of him by another; as, to coerce a man to sign a contract; to coerce obedience. In this sense (which is now the prevailing one), coerce differs but little from compel, and yet there is a distinction between them. Coercion is usually acomplished by indirect means, as threats and intimidation, physical force being more rarely employed in coercing.


Co"er"ci*ble (?), a. Capable of being coerced. -- Co*er"ci*ble*ness, n.


Co*er"cion (?), n. [L. coercio, fr. coercere. See Coerce.]

1. The act or process of coercing.

2. (Law) The application to another of either physical or moral force. When the force is physical, and cannot be resisted, then the act produced by it is a nullity, so far as concerns the party coerced. When the force is moral, then the act, though voidable, is imputable to the party doing it, unless he be so paralyzed by terror as to act convulsively. At the same time coercion is not negatived by the fact of submission under force. Coactus volui" (I consented under compulsion) is the condition of mind which, when there is volition forced by coercion, annuls the result of such coercion. Wharton.


Co*er"ci*tive (?), a. Coercive. Coercitive power in laws." Jer. Taylor.


Co*er"cive (?), a. Serving or intended to coerce; having power to constrain. -- Co*er"cive*ly, adv. -- Co*er"cive*ness, n.

   Coercive power can only influence us to outward practice. Bp. Warburton.

Coercive ? Coercitive force (Magnetism), the power or force which in iron or steel produces a slowness or difficulty in imparting magnetism to it, and also interposes an obstacle to the return of a bar to its natural state when active magnetism has ceased. It plainly depends on the molecular constitution of the metal. Nichol.

   The power of resisting magnetization or demagnization is sometimes called coercive force. S. Thompson.


Cœ`ru*lig"none (?), n. [L. coeruleus cerulean + lignum wood + E. quinone.] (Chem.) A bluish violet, crystalline substance obtained in the purification of crude wood vinegar. It is regarded as a complex quinone derivative of diphenyl; -- called also cedriret.


Co`es*sen"tial (?), a. Partaking of the same essence. -- Co`es*sen"tial*ly, adv.

   We bless and magnify that coessential Spirit, eternally proceeding from both [The Father and the Son]. Hooker.


Co`es*sen`ti*al"i*ty (? ? ?; 106), n. Participation of the same essence. Johnson.


Co`es*tab"lish*ment (?), n. Joint establishment. Bp. Watson.


Co`es*tate" (?), n. Joint estate. Smolett.


Co`e*ta"ne*an (?), n. A personcoetaneous with another; a contemporary. [R.]

   A . . . coetanean of the late earl of Southampto. Aubrey.


Co`e*ta"ne*ous (?), a. [L. coaetaneus; co- + aetas age.] Of the same age; beginning to exist at the same time; contemporaneous. -- Co`e*ta"ne*ous*ly, adv.

   And all [members of the body] are coetaneous. Bentley.


Co`e*ter"nal (?), a. Equally eternal. -- Co`e*ter"nal*ly, adv.

   Hail, holy Light, offspring of Heaven first born! Or of the Eternal coeternal beam. Milton.


Co`e*ter"ni*ty (?), n. Existence from eternity equally with another eternal being; equal eternity.


Co*e"val (?), a. [L. coaevus; co- + aevum lifetime, age. See Age, n.] Of the same age; existing during the same period of time, especially time long and remote; -- usually followed by with.

   Silence! coeval with eternity! Pope.
   Oaks coeval spread a mournful shade. Cowper.


Co*e"val, n. One of the same age; a contemporary.

   As if it were not enough to have outdone all your coevals in wit. Pope.


Co*e"vous (?), a. Coeaval [Obs.] South.


Co`ex*ec"u*tor (?), n. A joint executor.


Co`ex*ec"u*trix (?), n. A joint executrix.


Co`ex*ist (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Coexisted; p. pr. & vb. n. Coexisting.] To exist at the same time; -- sometimes followed by with.

   Of substances no one has any clear idea, farther than of certain simple ideas coexisting together. Locke.
   So much purity and integrity . . . coexisting with so much decay and so many infirmities. Warburton.


Co`ex*ist"ence (?), n. Existence at the same time with another; -- contemporary existence.

   Without the help, or so much as the coexistence, of any condition. Jer. Taylor.


Co`ex*ist"ent (?), a. Existing at the same time with another. -- n. That which coexists with another.

   The law of coexistent vibrations. Whewell.


Co`ex*ist"ing, a. Coexistent. Locke.


Co`ex*tend, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coextended; p. pr. & vb. n. Coextending.] To extend through the same space or time with another; to extend to the same degree.

   According to which the least body may be coextended with the greatest. Boyle.
   Has your English language one single word that is coextended through all these significations? Bentley.


Co`ex*ten"sion (?), n. The act of extending equally, or the state of being equally extended.


Co`ex*ten"sive (?), a. Equally extensive; having extent; as, consciousness and knowledge are coextensive. Sir W. Hamilton. - - Co`ex*ten"sive*ly, adv. -- Co`ex*ten"sive*ness, n.


Cof"fee (?; 115), n. [Turk. qahveh, Ar. qahuah wine, coffee, a decoction of berries. Cf. Café.]

1. The beans" or berries" (pyrenes) obtained from the drupes of a small evergreen tree of the genus Coffea, growing in Abyssinia, Arabia, Persia, and other warm regions of Asia and Africa, and also in tropical America.

2. The coffee tree. &hand; There are several species of the coffee tree, as, Coffea Arabica, C. occidentalis, and C. Liberica. The white, fragrant flowers grow in clusters at the root of the leaves, and the fruit is a red or purple cherrylike drupe, with sweet pulp, usually containing two pyrenes, commercially called beans" or berries".

3. The beverage made from the roasted and ground berry.

   They have in Turkey a drink called coffee . . . This drink comforteth the brain and heart, and helpeth digestion. Bacon.

&hand; The use of coffee is said to have been introduced into England about 1650, when coffeehouses were opened in Oxford and London. Coffee bug (Zoöl.), a species of scale insect (Lecanium coffæa), often very injurious to the coffee tree. -- Coffee rat (Zoöl.) See Musang.


Cof"fee*house` (?), n. A house of entertainment, where guests are supplied with coffee and other refreshments, and where men meet for conversation.

   The coffeehouse must not be dismissed with a cursory mention. It might indeed, at that time, have been not improperly called a most important political institution . . . The coffeehouses were the chief organs through which the public opinion of the metropolis vented itself . . . Every man of the upper or middle class went daily to his coffeehouse to learn the news and discuss it. Every coffeehouse had one or more orators, to whose eloquence the crowd listened with admiration, and who soon became what the journalists of our own time have been called -- a fourth estate of the realm. Macaulay.


Cof"fee*man (?), n. One who keeps a coffeehouse. Addison.


Cof"fee*pot (?), n. A covered pot im which coffee is prepared, r is brought upon the table for drinking.


Cof"fee*room` (?), n. A public room where coffee and other refreshments may be obtained.


Cof"fer (?; 115), n. [OF. cofre, F. coffre, L. cophinus basket, fr. Gr. . Cf. Coffin, n.]

1. A casket, chest, or trunk; especially, one used for keeping money or other valuables. Chaucer.

   In ivory coffers I have stuffed my crowns. Shak.

2. Fig.: Treasure or funds; -- usually in the plural.

   He would discharge it without any burden to the queen's coffers, for honor sake. Bacon.
   Hold, here is half my coffer. Shak.

3. (Arch.) A panel deeply recessed in the ceiling of a vault, dome, or portico; a caisson.

4. (Fort.) A trench dug in the botton of a dry moat, and extending across it, to enable the besieged to defend it by a raking fire.

5. The chamber of a canal lock; also, a caisson or a cofferdam. Coffer dam. (Engin.) See Cofferdam, in the Vocabulary. -- Coffer fish. (Zoöl.) See Cowfish.


Cof"fer, v. t.

1. To put into a coffer. Bacon.

2. (Mining.) To secure from leaking, as a chaft, by ramming clay behind the masonry or timbering. Raymond.

3. To form with or in a coffer or coffers; to turnish with a coffer or coffers.


Cof"fer*dam (?), n. A water-tight inclosure, as of piles packed with clay, from which the water is pumped to expose the bottom (of a river, etc.) and permit the laying of foundations, building of piers, etc.


Cof"fer*er (?), n. One who keeps treasures in a coffer. [R.]


Cof"fer*work` (?), n. (Masonry) Rubblework faced with stone. Knight.


Cof"fin (?; 115), n. [OE., a basket, receptacle, OF. cofin, fr. L. cophinus. See Coffer, n.]

1. The case in which a dead human body is inclosed for burial.

   They embalmed him [Joseph], and he was put in a coffin. Gen. 1. 26.

2. A basket. [Obs.] Wyclif (matt. xiv. 20).

3. A casing or crust, or a mold, of pastry, as for a pie.

   Of the paste a coffin I will rear. Shak.

4. A conical paper bag, used by grocers. [Obs.] Nares.

5. (Far.) The hollow crust or hoof of a horse's foot, below the coronet, in which is the coffin bone. Coffin bone, the foot bone of the horse and allied animals, inclosed within the hoof, and corresponding to the third phalanx of the middle finger, or toe, of most mammals. -- Coffin joint, the joint next above the coffin bone.


Cof"fin, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coffined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Coffining.] To inclose in, or as in, a coffin.

   Would'st thou have laughed, had I come coffined home? Shak.
   Devotion is not coffined in a cell. John Hall (1646).


Cof"fin*less, a. Having no coffin.


Cof"fle (?; 115), n. [Ar. kafala caravan.] A gang of negro slaves being driven to market.


Cog (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cogged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cogging.] [Cf. W. coegio to make void, to beceive, from coeg empty, vain, foolish. Cf. Coax, v. t.]

1. To seduce, or draw away, by adulation, artifice, or falsehood; to wheedle; to cozen; to cheat. [R.]

   I'll . . . cog their hearts from them. Shak.

2. To obtrude or thrust in, by falsehood or deception; as, to cog in a word; to palm off. [R.]

   Fustian tragedies . . . have, by concerted applauses, been cogged upon the town for masterpieces. J. Dennis
   To cog a die, to load so as to direct its fall; to cheat in playing dice. Swift.


Cog (?), v. i. To deceive; to cheat; to play false; to lie; to wheedle; to cajole.

   For guineas in other men's breeches, Your gamesters will palm and will cog. Swift.


Cog, n. A trick or deception; a falsehood. Wm. Watson.


Cog, n. [Cf. Sw. kugge a cog, or W. cocos the cogs of a wheel.]

1. (Mech.) A tooth, cam, or catch for imparting or receiving motion, as on a gear wheel, or a lifter or wiper on a shaft; originally, a separate piece of wood set in a mortise in the face of a wheel.

2. (Carp.) (a) A kind of tenon on the end of a joist, received into a notch in a bearing timber, and resting flush with its upper surface. (b) A tenon in a scarf joint; a coak. Knight.

3. (Mining.) One of the rough pillars of stone or coal left to support the roof of a mine.


Cog, v. t. To furnish with a cog or cogs. Cogged breath sound (Auscultation), a form of interrupted respiration, in which the interruptions are very even, three or four to each inspiration. Quain.


Cog, n. [OE. cogge; cf. D. kog, Icel. kuggr Cf. Cock a boat.] A small fishing boat. Ham. Nav. Encyc.


Co"gen*cy (?), n. [See Cogent.] The quality of being cogent; power of compelling conviction; conclusiveness; force.

   An antecedent argument of extreme cogency. J. H. Newman.


Co*ge"ni*al (?), a. Congenial. [Obs.]


Co"gent (?), a. [L. cogens, p. pr. of cogere to drive together, to force; co- + agere to drive. See Agent, a., and cf. Coact to force, Coagulate, p. a.]

1. Compelling, in a physical sense; powerful. [Obs.]

   The cogent force of nature. Prior.

2. Having the power to compel conviction or move the will; constraining; conclusive; forcible; powerful; not easily reasisted.

   No better nor more cogent reason. Dr. H. More.
   Proofs of the most cogent description. Tyndall.
   The tongue whose strains were cogent as commands, Revered at home, and felt in foreign lands. Cowper.

Syn. -- Forcible; powerful; potent; urgent; strong; persuasive; convincing; conclusive; influential.


Co"gent*ly, adv. In a cogent manner; forcibly; convincigly; conclusively. Locke.


Cog"ger (?), n. [From Cog to wheedle.] A flatterer or deceiver; a sharper.


Cog"ger*y, n. Trick; deception. Bp. Watson.


Cog"gle (?), n. [See Cog small boat.] A small fishing boat. Ham. Nav. Encyc.


Cog"gle, n. [Cf. Cobble a cobblestone.] A cobblestone. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


Cog`i*ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being cogitable; conceivableness.


Cog"i*ta*ble (?), a. [L. cogitabilis, fr. cogitare to think.] Capable of being brought before the mind as a throught or idea; conceivable; thinkable.

   Creation is cogitable by us only as a putting forth of divine power. Sir W. Hamilton.


Cog"i*ta*bund` (?), a. [L. cogitabundus.] Full of thought; thoughtful. [R.] Leigh Hunt.


Cog"i*tate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cogitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cogitating.] [L. cogitatus, p. p. of cogitare to reflect upon, prob. fr. co- + the root of aio I say; hence, prop., to discuss with one's self. Cf. Adage.] To engage in continuous thought; to think.

   He that calleth a thing into his mind, whether by impression or recordation, cogitateth and considereth, and he that employeth the faculty of his fancy also cogitateth. Bacon.


Cog"i*tate, v. t. To think over; to plan.

   He . . . is our witness, how we both day and night, revolving in our minds, did cogitate nothing more than how to satisfy the parts of a good pastor. Foxe.


Cog`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. cogitatio: cf. F. cogitation.] The act of thinking; thought; meditation; contemplation. Fixed in cogitation deep." Milton.


Cog"i*ta*tive (?), a. [Cf. LL. cogitativus.]

1. Possessing, or pertaining to, the power of thinking or meditating. Cogitative faculties." Wollaston.

2. Given to thought or contemplation. Sir H. Wotton.


Cog"man (?), n. A dealer in cogware or coarse cloth. [Obs.] Wright.


Co"gnac` (?), n. [F.] A kind of French brandy, so called from the town of Cognac.


Cog"nate (?), a. [L. cognatus; co- + gnatus, natus, p. p. of nasci, anciently gnasci, to be born. See Nation, and cf. Connate.]

1. Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (Law), related on the mother's side.

2. Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred; as, a cognate language.


Cog"nate, n.

1. (Law) One who is related to another on the female side. Wharton.

2. One of a number of things allied in origin or nature; as, certain letters are cognates.


Cog"nate*ness, n. The state of being cognate.


Cog*na"ti (?), n. pl. [L.] (Law) Relatives by the mother's side. Wharton.


Cog*na"tion (?), n. [L. cognatio.]

1. Relationship by blood; descent from the same original; kindred.

   As by our cognation to the body of the first Adam. Jer. Taylor.

2. Participation of the same nature. Sir T. Browne.

   A like temper and cognation. Sir K. Digby.

3. (Law) That tie of consanguinity which exists between persons descended from the same mother; -- used in distinction from agnation.


Cog*na"tus (?), n. [L., a kinsman.] (Law) A person cinnected through cognation.

cognisor, Cognisee[edit]

Cog`ni*sor" (? ? ?), Cog`ni*see (?), n. See Cognizor, Cognizee.


Cog*ni"tion (?), n. [L. cognitio, fr. cognoscere, cognitum, to become acquainted with, to know; co- + noscere, gnoscere, to get a knowledge of. See Know, v. t.]

1. The act of knowing; knowledge; perception.

   I will not be myself nor have cognation Of what I feel: I am all patience. Shak.

2. That which is known.


Cog"ni*tive (?), a. Knowing, or apprehending by the understanding; as, cognitive power. South.


Cog"ni*za*ble (? ? ), a. [F. connaissable, fr. conna\'8ctre to know, L. cognoscere. See Cognition.]

1. Capable of being known or apprehended; as, cognizable causes.

2. Fitted to be a subject of judicial investigation; capable of being judicially heard and determined.

   Cognizable both in the ecclesiastical and secular courts. Ayliffe.


Cog"ni*za*bly, adv. In a cognizable manner.


Cog"ni*zance (? ? ?; 277), n. [OF. conissance, conoissance, F. conaissance, LL. cognoscentia, fr. L. cognoscere to know. See Cognition, and cf. Cognoscence, Connoisseur.]

1. Apprehension by the understanding; perception; observation.

   Within the cognizance and lying under the control of their divine Governor. Bp. Hurd

2. Recollection; recognition.

   Who, soon as on that knight his eye did glance, Eftsoones of him had perfect cognizance. Spenser.

3. (Law) (a) Jurisdiction, or the power given by law to hear and decide controversies. (b) The hearing a matter judicially. (c) An acknowledgment of a fine of lands and tenements or confession of a thing done. [Eng.] (d) A form of defense in the action of replevin, by which the defendant insists that the goods were lawfully taken, as a distress, by defendant, acting as servant for another. [Eng.] Cowell. Mozley & W.

4. The distinguishing mark worn by an armed knight, usually upon the helmet, and by his retainers and followers: Hence, in general, a badge worn by a retainer or dependent, to indicate the person or party to which he belonged; a token by which a thing may be known.

   Wearing the liveries and cognizance of their master. Prescott.
   This pale and angry rose, As cognizance of my blood-drinking hate. Shak.


Cog"ni*zant (? ? ?), a. [See Cognizance, and cf. Connusant.] Having cognizance or knowledge. (of).


Cog"nize (?), v. t. [Cf. Cognizant, Recognize.] To know or perceive; to recognize.

   The reasoning faculty can deal with no facts until they are cognized by it. H. Spencer.


Cog`ni*zee" (? ? ?), n. (Law) One to whom a fine of land was ackowledged. Blackstone.


Cog`ni*zor (?), n. [See Cognizance.] (Law) One who ackowledged the right of the plaintiff or cognizee in a fine; the defendant. Blackstone.


Cog*no"men (?), n. [L.: co- + (g)nomen name.]

1. The last of the three names of a person among the ancient Romans, denoting his house or family.

2. (Eng. Law) A surname.


Cog*nom"i*nal (?), a. Of or pertaining to a cognomen; of the nature of a surname.


Cog*nom"i*nal, n. One bearing the same name; a namesake. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


Cog*nom`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. cognominatio.] A cognomen or surname. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


Cog*nos"cence (?), n. [LL. cognoscentia. See Cognizance.] Cognizance. [R.] Dr. H. More.


Cog`nos*cen"te (?), n.; pl. Cognoscenti (#). [OIt. cognoscente, p. pr. of cognoscere, It. conoscere to know.] A conoisseur. Mason.


Cog*nos`ci*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being cognoscible. Cudworth.


Cog*nos"ci*ble (?), a.

1. Capable of being known. Matters intelligible and cognoscible." Sir M. Hale.

2. Liable to judicial investigation. Jer. Taylor.


Cog*nos"ci*tive (?), a. Having the power of knowing. [Obs.] An innate cognoscitive power." Cudworth.


Cog*no"vit (?), n. [L., he has acknowledged.] (Law) An instrument in writting whereby a defendant in an action acknowledges a plaintiff's demand to be just. Mozley & W.


Co*guard"i*an (?), n. A joint guardian.


Cogue (?), n. [Cf. Cog a small boat.] A small wooden vessel; a pail. [Scot.] Jamieson.


Cog"ware` (?), n. A coarse, narrow cloth, like frieze, used by the lower classes in the sixteenth century. Halliwell.


Cog"wheel` (?), n. A wheel with cogs or teeth; a gear wheel. See Illust. of Gearing.


Co*hab"it (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Cohabited; p. pr. & vb. n. Cohabiting.] [L. cohabitare; co- + habitare to dwell, to have possession of (a place), freg. of habere to have. See Habit, n. & v.]

1. To inhabit or reside in company, or in the same place or country.

   The Philistines were worsted by the captived ark . . . : they were not able to cohabit with that holy thing. South.

2. To dwell or live together as husband and wife.

   The law presumes that husband and wife cohabit together, even after a voluntary separation has taken place between them. Bouvier.

&hand; By the common law as existing in the United States, marriage is presumed when a man and woman cohabit permanently together, being reputed by those who know them to be husband and wife, and admitting the relationship. Wharton.


Co*hab"it*ant (?), n. [L. cohabitans, p. pr.] One who dwells with another, or in the same place or country.

   No small number of the Danes became peaceable cohabitants with the Saxons in England. Sir W. Raleigh.