Wiktionary:Webster 1913/296

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Page 296[edit]


Con"cla`vist (?), n. [Cf. F. conclaviste, It. conclavista.] One of the two ecclesiastics allowed to attend a cardinal in the conclave.


Con*clude" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Concluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Concluding.] [L. concludere, conclusum; con- + claudere to shut. See Close, v. t.]

1. To shut up; to inclose. [Obs.]

   The very person of Christ [was] concluded within the grave. Hooker.

2. To include; to comprehend; to shut up together; to embrace. [Obs.]

   For God hath concluded all in unbelief. Rom. xi. 32.
   The Scripture hath concluded all under sin. Gal. iii. 22.

3. To reach as an end of reasoning; to infer, as from premises; to close, as an argument, by inferring; -- sometimes followed by a dependent clause.

   No man can conclude God's love or hatred to any person by anything that befalls him. Tillotson.
   Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith. Rom. iii. 28.

4. To make a final determination or judgment concerning; to judge; to decide.

   But no frail man, however great or high, Can be concluded blest before he die. Addison.
   Is it concluded he shall be protector? Shak.

5. To bring to an end; to close; to finish.

   I will conclude this part with the speech of a counselor of state. Bacon.

6. To bring about as a result; to effect; to make; as, to conclude a bargain. If we conclude a peace." Shak.

7. To shut off; to restrain; to limit; to estop; to bar; -- generally in the passive; as, the defendant is concluded by his own plea; a judgment concludes the introduction of further evidence argument.

   If therefore they will appeal to revelation for their creation they must be concluded by it. Sir M. Hale.

Syn. -- To infer; decide; determine; settle; close; finish; terminate; end.


Con*clude", v. i.

1. To come to a termination; to make an end; to close; to end; to terminate.

   A train of lies, That, made in lust, conclude in perjuries. Dryden.
   And, to conclude, The victory fell on us. Shak.

2. To form a final judgment; to reach a decision.

   Can we conclude upon Luther's instability? Bp. Atterbury.
   Conclude and be agreed. Shak.


Con*clud"en*cy (?), n. Deduction from premises; inference; conclusion. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


Con*clud"ent (?), a. [L. concludens, p. pr.] Bringing to a close; decisive; conclusive. [Obs.]

   Arguments highly consequential and concludent to my purpose. Sir M. Hale.


Con*clud"er (?), n. One who concludes.


Con*clud"ing*ly, adv. Conclusively. [R.] Digby.


Con*clu"si*ble (?), a. Demonstrable; determinable. [Obs.] Hammond.


Con*clu"sion (?), n. [F., fr. L. conclusio. See Conclude.]

1. The last part of anything; close; termination; end.

   A fluorish of trumpets announced the conclusion of the contest. Prescott.

2. Final decision; determination; result.

   And the conclusion is, she shall be thine. Shak.

3. Any inference or result of reasoning.

4. (Logic) The inferred proposition of a syllogism; the necessary consequence of the conditions asserted in two related propositions called premises. See Syllogism.

   He granted him both the major and minor, but denied him the conclusion. Addison.

5. Drawing of inferences. [Poetic]

   Your wife Octavia, with her modest eyes And still conclusion. Shak.

6. An experiment, or something from which a conclusion may be drawn. [Obs.]

   We practice likewise all conclusions of grafting and inoculating. Bacon.

7. (Law) (a) The end or close of a pleading, e.g., the formal ending of an indictment, against the peace," etc. (b) An estoppel or bar by which a person is held to a particular position. Wharton. Conclusion to the country (Law), the conclusion of a pleading by which a party puts himself upon the country," i.e., appeals to the verdict of a jury. Mozley & W. -- In conclusion. (a) Finally. (b) In short. -- To try conclusions, to make a trial or an experiment.

   Like the famous ape, To try conclusions, in the basket creep. Shak.

Syn. -- Inference; deduction; result; consequence; end; decision. See Inference.


Con*clu"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. conclusif.] Belonging to a close or termination; decisive; convincing; putting an end to debate or question; leading to, or involving, a conclusion or decision.

   Secret reasons . . . equally conclusive for us as they were for them. Rogers.

Conclusive evidence (Law), that of which, from its nature, the law allows no contradiction or explanation. -- Conclusive presumption (Law), an inference which the law makes so peremptorily that it will not allow it to be overthrown by any contrary proof, however strong. Syn. -- Final; ultimate; unanswerable. See Final.


Con*clu"sive*ly (?), adv. In the way of conclusion; decisively; positively. Burke.


Con*clu"sive*ness, n. The quality of being conclusive; decisiveness.


Con*clu"so*ry (?), a. Conclusive. [R.]


Con*coct" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Concocted; p. pr. & vb. n. Concocting.] [L. concoctus, p. p. of concoquere to cook together, to digest, mature; con- + coquere to cook. See Cook.]

1. To digest; to convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition. [Obs.]

   Food is concocted, the heart beats, the blood circulates. Cheyne.

2. To purify or refine chemically. [Obs.] Thomson.

3. To prepare from crude materials, as food; to invent or prepare by combining different ingredients; as, to concoct a new dish or beverage.

4. To digest in the mind; to devise; to make up; to contrive; to plan; to plot.

   He was a man of a feeble stomach, unable to concoct any great fortune. Hayward.

5. To mature or perfect; to ripen. [Obs.] Bacon.


Con*coct"er (?), n. One who concocts.


Con*coc"tion (?), n. [L. concoctio.]

1. A change in food produced by the organs of nutrition; digestion. [Obs.]

2. The act of concocting or preparing by combining different ingredients; also, the food or compound thus prepared.

3. The act of digesting in the mind; planning or devising; rumination. Donne.

4. (Med.) Abatement of a morbid process, as a fever and return to a normal condition. [Obs.]

5. The act of perfecting or maturing. [Obs.] Bacon.


Con*coct"ive (?), a. Having the power of digesting or ripening; digestive.

   Hence the concoctive powers, with various art, Subdue the cruder aliments to chyle. J. Armstrong.


Con"col`or (?), a. [L. concolor; con- + color color.] Of the same color; of uniform color. [R.] Concolor animals." Sir T. Browne.


Con"col`or*ous (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of the same color throughout.

concomitance, Concomitancy[edit]

Con*com"i*tance (?), Con*com"i*tan*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. concomitance, fr. LL. concomitantia.]

1. The state of accompanying; accompaniment.

   The secondary action subsisteth not alone, but in concomitancy with the other. Sir T. Browne.

2. (R.C.Ch.) The doctrine of the existence of the entire body of Christ in the eucharist, under each element, so that the body and blood are both received by comunication in one kind only.


Con*com"i*tant (?), a. [F., fr. L. con- + comitari to accompany, comes companion. See Count a nobleman.] Accompanying; conjoined; attending.

   It has pleased our wise Creator to annex to several objects, as also to several of our thoughts, a concomitant pleasure. Locke.


Con*com"i*tant, n. One who, or that which, accompanies, or is collaterally connected with another; a companion; an associate; an accompaniment.

   Reproach is a concomitant to greatness. Addison.
   The other concomitant of ingratitude is hardheartedness. South.


Con*com"i*tant*ly, adv. In company with others; unitedly; concurrently. Bp. pearson.


Con*cor"dat (?), n. [F. concordat, L. concordato, prop. p. p. of concordare. See Concord.]

1. A compact, covenant, or agreement concerning anything.

2. An agreement made between the pope and a sovereign or government for the regulation of ecclesiastical matters with which both are concerned; as, the concordat between Pope Pius VIL and Bonaparte in 1801. Hook.


Con*cord"ist (?), n. The compiler of a concordance.


Con*cor"po*rate (?), v. t. & i. [L. concorporatus, p. p. of concorporare.] To unite in one mass or body; to incorporate. [Archaic.] Jer. Taylor.


Con*cor"po*rate (?), a. United in one body; incorporated. [Archaic] B. Jonson.


Con*cor`po*ra"tion (?), n. [L. concorporatio.] Union of things in one mass or body. [R.] Dr. H. More.


Con"course (?), n. [F. concours, L. concursus, fr. concurrere to run together. See Concur.]

1. A moving, flowing, or running together; confluence.

   The good frame of the universe was not the product of chance or fortuitous concourse of particles of matter. Sir M. Hale.

2. An assembly; a gathering formed by a voluntary or spontaneous moving and meeting in one place.

   Amidst the concourse were to be seen the noble ladies of Milan, in gay, fantastic cars, shining in silk brocade. Prescott.

3. The place or point of meeting or junction of two bodies. [Obs.]

   The drop will begin to move toward the concourse of the glasses. Sir I. Newton.

4. An open space where several roads or paths meet; esp. an open space in a park where several roads meet.

5. Concurrence; coöperation. [Obs.]

   The divine providence is wont to afford its concourse to such proceeding. Barrow.


Con`cre*ate" (? ? ?), v. t. To create at the same time.

   If God did concreate grace with Adam. Jer. Taylor.


Con`cre*ma"tion (? ? ?), n. [L. concrematio, fr. concremare. See Cremate.] The act of burning different things together. [Obs.]


Con"cre*ment (?), n. [L. concrementum, fr. concrescere. See Concrete.] A growing together; the collection or mass formed by concretion, or natural union. [Obs.]

   The concrement of a pebble or flint. Sir M. Hale


Con*cres"cence (?), n. [L. concrescentia.] Coalescence of particles; growth; increase by the addition of particles. [R.] Sir W. Raleigh.


Con*cres"ci*ble (?), a. [F.] Capable of being changed from a liquid to a solid state. [Obs.]

   They formed a . . . fixed concrescible oil. Fourcroy (Trans. ).


Con*cres"cive (?), a. Growing together, or into union; uniting. [R.] Eclec. Rev.


Con"crete (? ? ?), a. [L. concretus, p. p. of concrescere to grow together; con- + crescere to grow; cf. F. concret. See Crescent.]

1. United in growth; hence, formed by coalition of separate particles into one mass; united in a solid form.

   The first concrete state, or consistent surface, of the chaos must be of the same figure as the last liquid state. Bp. Burnet.

2. (Logic) (a) Standing for an object as it exists in nature, invested with all its qualities, as distingushed from standing for an attribute of an object; -- opposed to abstract. Hence: (b) Applied to a specific object; special; particular; -- opposed to general. See Abstract, 3.

   Concrete is opposed to a abstract. The names of individuals are concrete, those of classes abstract. J. S. Mill.
   Concrete terms, while they express the quality, do also express, or imply, or refer to, some subject to which it belongs. I. Watts.

Concrete number, a number associated with, or applied to, a particular object, as three men, five days, etc., as distinguished from an abstract number, or one used without reference to a particular object. -- Concrete quantity, a physical object or a collection of such objects. Davies & Peck. -- Concrete science, a physical science, one having as its subject of knowledge concrete things instead of abstract laws. -- Concrete sound or movement of the voice, one which slides continuously up or down, as distinguished from a discrete movement, in which the voice leaps at once from one line of pitch to another. Rush.


Con"crete, n.

1. A compound or mass formed by concretion, spontaneous union, or coalescence of separate particles of matter in one body.

   To divide all concretes, minerals and others, into the same number of distinct substances. Boyle.

2. A mixture of gravel, pebbles, or broken stone with cement or with tar, etc., used for sidewalks, roadways, foundations, etc., and esp. for submarine structures.

3. (Logic) A term designating both a quality and the subject in which it exists; a concrete term.

   The concretes father" and son" have, or might have, the abstracts paternity" and filiety". J. S. Mill.

4. (Sugar Making) Sugar boiled down from cane juice to a solid mass.


Con*crete" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Concreted; p. pr & vb. n. Concreting.] To unite or coalesce, as separate particles, into a mass or solid body. &hand; Applied to some substances, it is equivalent to indurate; as, metallic matter concretes into a hard body; applied to others, it is equivalent to congeal, thicken, inspissate, coagulate, as in the concretion of blood. The blood of some who died of the plague could not be made to concrete." Arbuthnot.


Con*crete", v. t.

1. To form into a mass, as by the cohesion or coalescence of separate particles.

   There are in our inferior world divers bodies that are concreted out of others. Sir M. Hale.

2. To cover with, or form of, concrete, as a pavement.


Con*crete"ly, adv. In a concrete manner.


Con*crete"ness, n. The quality of being concrete.


Con*cre"tion (?), n. [L. concretio.]

1. The process of concreting; the process of uniting or of becoming united, as particles of matter into a mass; solidification.