Wiktionary:Webster 1913/523

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Page 523[edit]


Ex*cuse" (?), n. [Cf. F. excuse. See Excuse, v. t.]

1. The act of excusing, apologizing, exculpating, pardoning, releasing, and the like; acquittal; release; absolution; justification; extenuation.

Pleading so wisely in excuse of it. Shak.

2. That which is offered as a reason for being excused; a plea offered in extenuation of a fault or irregular deportment; apology; as, an excuse for neglect of duty; excuses for delay of payment.

Hence with denial vain and coy excuse. Milton.

3. That which excuses; that which extenuates or justifies a fault. It hath the excuse of youth." Shak.

If eyes were made for seeing. Then beauty is its own excuse for being. Emerson.

Syn. -- See Apology.


Ex*cuse"less, a. Having no excuse; not admitting of excuse or apology. Whillock.


Ex*cuse"ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. excusement.] Excuse. [Obs.] Gower.


Ex*cus"er (?), n.

1. One who offers excuses or pleads in extenuation of the fault of another. Swift.

2. One who excuses or forgives another. Shelton.


Ex*cuss" (?), v. t. [L. excussus. p. p. of excutere to shake off; ex out, from + quatere to shake. Cf. Quash.]

1. To shake off; to discard. [R.]

To excuss the notation of a Geity out of their minds. Bp. Stillingfleet.

2. To inspect; to investigate; to decipher. [R.]

To take some pains in excusing some old monuments. F. Junius (1654).

3. To seize and detain by law, as goods. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


Ex*cus"sion (?), n. [L. excussio a shaking down; LL., a threshing of corn: cf. F. excussion.] The act of excusing; seizure by law. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


Ex"e*cra*ble (?), a. [L. execrabilis, exsecrabilis: cf. F. exécrable. See Execrate.] Deserving to be execrated; accursed; damnable; detestable; abominable; as, an execrable wretch. Execrable pride." Hooker. -- Ex"e*cra*ble*ness, n. -- Ex"e*cra*bly, adv.


Ex"e*crate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Execrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Execrating (?).] [L. execratus, exsecratus, p. p. of execrare, exsecrare, to execrate; ex out + sacer holy, sacred. See Sacred.] To denounce evil against, or to imprecate evil upon; to curse; to protest against as unholy or detestable; hence, to detest utterly; to abhor; to abominate. They . . . execrate their lct." Cowper.


Ex`e*cra"tion (?), n. [L. execratio, exsecratio: cf. F. exécration.]

1. The act of cursing; a curse dictated by violent feelings of hatred; imprecation; utter detestation expressed.

Cease, gentle, queen, these execrations. Shak.

2. That which is execrated; a detested thing.

Ye shall be an execration and . . . a curse. Jer. xlii. 18.

Syn. -- See Malediction.


Ex"e*cra*tive (?), a. Cursing; imprecatory; vilifying. Carlyle. -- Ex"e*cra*tive*ly, adv.


Ex"e*cra*tive, n. A word used for cursing; an imprecatory word or expression. Earle.


Ex"e*cra*to*ry (?), a. Of the nature of execration; imprecatory; denunciatory. C. Kingsley. -- n. A formulary of execrations. L. Addison.


Ex*ect" (?), v. t. [See Exsect.] To cut off or out. [Obs.] See Exsect. Harvey.


Ex*ec"tion (?), n. [Obs.] See Exsection.


Ex"e*cu`ta*ble (?), a. Capable of being executed; feasible; as, an executable project. [R.]


Ex*ec"u*tant (?), n. One who executes or performs; esp., a performer on a musical instrument.

Great executants on the organ. De Quincey.


Ex"e*cute (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Executed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Executing (?).] [F. exécuter, L. executus, exsecutus, p. p. of exequi to follow to the end, pursue; ex out + sequi to follow. See Second, Sue to follow up, and cf. Exequy.]

1. To follow out or through to the end; to carry out into complete effect; to complete; to finish; to effect; to perform;

Why delays His hand to execute what his decree Fixed on this day? Milton.

2. To complete, as a legal instrument; to perform what is required to give validity to, as by signing and perhaps sealing and delivering; as, to execute a deed, lease, mortgage, will, etc.

3. To give effect to; to do what is provided or required by; to perform the requirements or stimulations of; as, to execute a decree, judgment, writ, or process.

4. To infect capital punishment on; to put to death in conformity to a legal sentence; as, to execute a traitor.

5. Too put to death illegally; to kill. [Obs.] Shak.

6. (Mus.) To perform, as a piece of music, either on an instrument or with the voice; as, to execute a difficult part brilliantly. Syn. -- To accomplish; effect; fulfill; achieve; consummate; finish; complete. See Accomplish.


Ex"e*cute, v. i.

1. To do one's work; to act one's part of purpose. [R.] Hayward.

2. To perform musically.


Ex`e*cu"tion (?), n. [F. exécution, L. executio, exsecutio.]

1. The act of executing; a carrying into effect or to completion; performance; achievement; consummation; as, the execution of a plan, a work, etc.

The excellence of the subject contributed much to the happiness of the execution. Dryden.

2. A putting to death as a legal penalty; death lawfully inflicted; as, the execution of a murderer.

A warrant for his execution. Shak.

3. The act of the mode of performing a work of art, of performing on an instrument, of engraving, etc.; as, the execution of a statue, painting, or piece of music.

The first quality of execution is truth. Ruskin.

4. (Law) (a) The carrying into effect the judgment given in a court of law. (b) A judicial writ by which an officer is empowered to carry a judgment into effect; final process. (c) The act of signing, and delivering a legal instrument, or giving it the forms required to render it valid; as, the execution of a deed, or a will.

5. That which is executed or accomplished; effect; effective work; -- usually with do.

To do some fatal execution. Shak.

6. The act of sacking a town. [Obs.] Beau. & FL.


Ex`e*cu"tion*er (?), n.

1. One who executes; an executer. Bacon.

2. One who puts to death in conformity to legal warrant, as a hangman.


Ex*ec"u*tive (?), a. [Cf.F. exécutif.] Designed or fitted for execution, or carrying into effect; as, executive talent; qualifying for, concerned with, or pertaining to, the execution of the laws or the conduct of affairs; as, executive power or authority; executive duties, officer, department, etc. &hand; In government, executive is distinguished from legislative and judicial; legislative being applied to the organ or organs of government which make the laws; judicial, to that which interprets and applies the laws; executive, to that which carries them into effect or secures their due performance.


Ex*ec"u*tive, n. An impersonal title of the chief magistrate or officer who administers the government, whether king, president, or governor; the governing person or body.


Ex*ec"u*tive*ly, adv. In the way of executing or performing.


Ex*ec"u*tor (?), n. [L. executor, exsecutor: cf. F. exécuteur. Cf. Executer.]

1. One who executes or performs; a doer; as, an executor of baseness. Shak.

2. An executioner. [Obs.]

Delivering o'er to executors pa . . . The lazy, yawning drone. Shak.

3. (Law) The person appointed by a to execute his will, or to see its provisions carried into effect, after his decease. Executor de son tort [Of., executor of his own wrong] (Law), a stranger who intermeddles without authority in the distribution of the estate of a deceased person.


Ex*ec`u*to"ri*al (?), a. [LL. executorialis.] Of or pertaining to an executive.


Ex*ec"u*tor*ship (?), n. The office of an executor.


Ex*ec"u*to*ry (?), a. [LL. executorius, L. exsecutorius: cf.F. exécutoire.]

1. Pertaining to administration, or putting the laws in force; executive.

The official and executory duties of government. Burke.

2. (Law) Designed to be executed or carried into effect in time to come, or to take effect on a future contingency; as, an executory devise, reminder, or estate; an executory contract. Blackstone.


Ex*ec"u*tress (?), n. [Cf.F. exécutrice.] An executrix.


Ex*ec"u*trix (?), n. [LL.] (Law) A woman exercising the functions of an executor.


Ex"e*dent (?), a. [L. exedent, -entis, p.pr. of exedere. See Exesion.] Eating out; consuming. [R.]


Ex"e*dra (?), n.; pl. Exedræ (#). [L., fr.Gr ; out + seat.]

1. (Class. Antiq.) A room in a public building, furnished with seats.

2. (Arch.) (a) The projection of any part of a building in a rounded form. (b) Any out-of-door seat in stone, large enough for several persons; esp., one of curved form.


Ex`e*ge"sis (?), n.;pl. Exegeses (#). [NL., fr.Gr. ,fr. to explain, interpret; out + to guide, lead, akin, to to lead. See Agent.]

1. Exposition; explanation; especially, a critical explanation of a text or portion of Scripture.

2. (Math.) The process of finding the roots of an equation. [Obs.]


Ex"e*gete (?), n. [Gr. : cf.F. exég\'8ate. See Exegesis.] An exegetist.

Exegetic, Exegetical[edit]

Ex`e*get"ic (?), Ex`e*get"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. : cf. F.exégétique.] Pertaining to exegesis; tending to unfold or illustrate; explanatory; expository. Walker. Ex`e*get"ic*al*ly, adv.


Ex`e*get"ics (?), n. The science of interpretation or exegesis.


Ex`e*ge"tist (?), n. One versed in the science of exegesis or interpretation; -- also called exegete.


Ex*em"plar (?), n. [L. exemplar, exemplum: cf. F. exemplaire. See Example, and cf. Examper, Sampler.]

1. A model, original, or pattern, to be copied or imitated; a specimen; sometimes; an ideal model or type, as that which an artist conceives.

Such grand exemplar as make their own abilities the sole measure of what is fit or unfit. South.

2. A copy of a book or writing. [Obs.] Udall.


Ex*em"plar, a. Exemplary. [Obs.]

The exemplar piety of the father of a family. Jer. Taylor.


Ex"em*pla*ri*ly (?), adv. In a manner fitted or designed to be an example for imitation or for warning; by way of example.

She is exemplarily loyal. Howell.

Some he punisheth exemplarily. Hakewill.


Ex"em*pla*ri*ness, n. The state or quality of being exemplary; fitness to be an example.


Ex`em*plar"i*ty (), n. [Cf. LL. exemplaritas.] Exemplariness. [R.]

The exemplarity of Christ's life. Abp. Sharp.


Ex"em*pla*ry (?), a. [L. exemplaris, fr. exemplar: cf. F. exemplaire. See Exemplar.]

1. Serving as a pattern; deserving to be proposed for imitation; commendable; as, an exemplary person; exemplary conduct.

[Bishops'] lives and doctrines ought to be exemplary. Bacon.

2. Serving as a warning; monitory; as, exemplary justice, punishment, or damages.

3. Illustrating as the proof of a thing. Fuller. Exemplary damages. (Law) See under Damage.


Ex"em*pla*ry, n. An exemplar; also, a copy of a book or writing. [Obs.] Donne.


Ex*em"pli*fi`a*ble (?), a. That can be exemplified.


Ex*em`pli*fi*ca"tion (?), n.

1. The act of exemplifying; a showing or illustrating by example.

2. That which exemplifies; a case in point; example.

3. (Law) A copy or transcript attested to be correct by the seal of an officer having custody of the original.


Ex*em"pli*fi`er (?), n. One who exemplifies by following a pattern.


Ex*em"pli*fy (?) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exemplified (?); p. pr. &. vb. n. Exemplifying.] [L. exemplum example + -fy: cf. LL. exemplificare to copy, serve as an example.]

1. To show or illustrate by example.

He did but . . . exemplify the principles in which he had been brought up. Cowper.

2. To copy; to transcribe; to make an attested copy or transcript of, under seal, as of a record. Holland.

3. To prove or show by an attested copy.


Ex*empt" (?), a. [F. exempt, L. exemptus, p. p. of eximere to take out, remove, free; ex out + emere to buy, take. Cf. Exon, Redeem.]

1. Cut off; set apart. [Obs.]

Corrupted, and exempt from ancient gentry. Shak.

2. Extraordinary; exceptional. [Obs.] Chapman.

3. Free, or released, from some liability to which others are subject; excepted from the operation or burden of some law; released; free; clear; privileged; -- (with from): not subject to; not liable to; as, goods exempt from execution; a person exempt from jury service.

True nobility is exempt from fear. Shak.

T is laid on all, not any one exempt. Dryden.


Ex*empt", n.

1. One exempted or freed from duty; one not subject.

2. One of four officers of the Yeomen of the Royal Guard, having the rank of corporal; an Exon. [Eng.]


Ex*empt", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exempted; p. pr. & vb. n. Exempting.] [F. exempter. See Exempt, a.]

1. To remove; to set apart. [Obs.] Holland.

2. To release or deliver from some liability which others are subject to; to except or excuse from he operation of a law; to grant immunity to; to free from obligation; to release; as, to exempt from military duty, or from jury service; to exempt from fear or pain.

Death So snatched will not exempt us from the pain We are by doom to pay. Milton.


Ex*empt"i*ble (?), a. That may be exempted.


Ex*emp"tion (?), n. [L. exenptio a removing: cf. F. exemption exemption.] The act of exempting; the state of being exempt; freedom from any charge, burden, evil, etc., to which others are subject; immunity; privilege; as, exemption of certain articles from seizure; exemption from military service; exemption from anxiety, suffering, etc.


Ex`emp*ti"tious (?), a. Separable. [Obs.] Exemptitious from matter." Dr. H. More.


Ex*en"ter*ate (?), v. t. [L. exenteratus, p.p. of exenterare; cf. Gr. ; out + intestine.] To take out the bowels or entrails of; to disembowel; to eviscerate; as, exenterated fishes. [R.]

Exenterated rule-mongers and eviscerated logicians. Hare.


Ex*en`ter*a"tion (?), n. [LL. exenteratio.] Act of exenterating. [R.]


Ex`e*qua"tur (?), n. [L., 3d pers. sing. pres. subj. of exequi, exsequi, to perform, execute.]

1. A written official recognition of a consul or commercial agent, issued by the government to which he is accredited, and authorizing him to exercise his powers in the place to which he is assigned.

2. Official recognition or permission. Prescott.


Ex*e"qui*al (?), a. [L. exequialis, exsequialis, fr. exsequiae exequies.] Of or pertaining to funerals; funereal.


Ex*e"qui*ous (?), a. Funereal. [Obs.] Drayton.


Ex"e*quy (?), n.;pl. Exequies (#). [L. exequiae, exsequiae, a funeral procession, fr. exsequi to follow out: cf. OF. exeques. See Exequte.] A funeral rite (usually in the plural); the ceremonies of burial; obsequies; funeral procession.

But see his exequies fulfilled in Rouen. Shak.


Ex*er"cent (?), a. [L. exercents, -entis, p. pr. of exercere. See Exercise.] Practicing; professional. [Obs.] Every exercent advocate." Ayliffe.


Ex"er*ci`sa*ble (?) a. That may be exercised, used, or exerted.


Ex"er*cise (?), n. [F. exercice, L. exercitium, from exercere, exercitum, to drive on, keep, busy, prob. orig., to thrust or drive out of the inclosure; ex out + arcere to shut up, inclose. See Ark.]

1. The act of exercising; a setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use; habitual activity; occupation, in general; practice.

exercise of the important function confided by the constitution to the legislature. Jefferson.

O we will walk this world, Yoked in all exercise of noble end. Tennyson.

2. Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc. Desire of knightly exercise." Spenser.

An exercise of the eyes and memory. Locke.

3. Bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and functions in a healthy state; hygienic activity; as, to take exercise ob horseback.

The wise for cure on exercise depend. Dryden.

4. The performance of an office, a ceremony, or a religious duty.

Lewis refused even those of the church of England . . . the public exercise of their religion. Addison.

To draw him from his holy exercise. Shak.

5. That which is done for the sake of exercising, practicing, training, or promoting skill, health, mental, improvement, moral discipline, etc.; that which is assigned or prescribed for such ebbs; hence, a disquisition; a lesson; a task; as, military or naval exercises; musical exercises; an exercise in composition.

The clumsy exercises of the European tourney. Prescott.

He seems to have taken a degree, and preformed public exercises in Cambridge, in 1565. Brydges.

6. That which gives practice; a trial; a test.

Patience is more oft the exercise Of saints, the trial of their fortitude. Milton.

Exercise bone (Med.), a deposit of bony matter in the soft tissues, produced by pressure or exertion.


Ex"er*cise (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exercised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exercising (?).]

1. To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion; to give employment to; to put in action habitually or constantly; to school or train; to exert repeatedly; to busy.

Herein do I Exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence. Acts xxiv. 16.

2. To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to practice in order to develop; hence, also, to improve by practice; to discipline, and to use or to for the purpose of training; as, to exercise arms; to exercise one's self in music; to exercise troops.

About him exercised heroic games The unarmed youth. Milton.

3. To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax, especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to vex; to worry or make anxious; to affect; to discipline; as, exercised with pain.

Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope of end. Milton.

4. To put in practice; to carry out in action; to perform the duties of; to use; to employ; to practice; as, to exercise authority; to exercise an office.

I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth. Jer. ix. 24.

The people of the land have used oppression and exercised robbery. Ezek. xxii. 29.


Ex"er*cise, v. i. To exercise one's self, as under military training; to drill; to take exercise; to use action or exertion; to practice gymnastics; as, to exercise for health or amusement.

I wear my trusty sword, When I do exercise. Cowper.


Ex"er*ci`ser (?), n. One who exercises.


Ex"er*ci`si*ble (?), a. Capable of being exercised, employed, or enforced; as, the authority of a magistrate is exercisible within his jurisdiction.


Ex*er`ci*ta"tion (?), n. [L. exercitatio, fr. exercitare, intense., fr. exercere to exercise: CF. f. exercitation.] exercise; practice; use. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


Ex*ergue" (?), n. [F.,fr.Gr. out + work; lit., out work, i.e., accessory work. See Work.] (Numis.) The small space beneath the base line of a subject engraved on a coin or medal. It usually contains the date, place, engraver's name, etc., or other subsidiary matter. Fairholt.


Ex*ert" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exerted; p. pr. & vb. n. Exerting.] [L. exertus, exsertus, p.p. of exerere, exserere, to thrust out; ex out + serere to join or bind together. See Series, and cf. Exsert.]

1. To thrust forth; to emit; to push out. [Obs.]

So from the seas exerts his radiant head The star by whom the lights of heaven are led. Dryden.

2. To put force, ability, or anything of the nature of an active faculty; to put in vigorous action; to bring into active operation; as, to exert the strength of the body, limbs, faculties, or imagination; to exert the mind or the voice.

3. To put forth, as the result or exercise of effort; to bring to bear; to do or perform.

When we will has exerted an act of command on any faculty of the soul or member of the body. South.

To exert one's self, to use efforts or endeavors; to strive; to make an attempt.


Ex*er"tion (?), n. The act of exerting, or putting into motion or action; the active exercise of any power or faculty; an effort, esp. a laborious or perceptible effort; as, an exertion of strength or power; an exertion of the limbs or of the mind; it is an exertion for him to move, to-day. Syn. -- Attempt; endeavor; effort; essay; trial. See Attempt.


Ex*ert"ive (?), a. Having power or a tendency to exert; using exertion.


Ex*ert"ment (?), n. Exertion. [R.]


Ex*e"sion (?), n. [L. exedere, exesum, to eat up; ex out + edere to eat.] The act of eating out or through. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


Ex*es"tu*ate (?), v. i. [L. exaestuatus,p.p. of exaestuare to boil up. See Estuate.] To be agitated; to boil up; to effervesce. [Obs.]


Ex*es`tu*a"tion (?), n. [L. exaestuatio.] A boiling up; effervescence. [Obs.] Boyle.


Ex"e*unt (?). [L., 3d pers. pl. pres. of exire to go out.] They go out, or retire from the scene; as, exeunt all except Hamlet. See 1st Exit.


Ex`fe*ta"tion (?), n [Pref. ex- + fetation.] (Med.) Imperfect fetation in some organ exterior to the uterus; extra-uterine fetation. Hoblyn.


Ex*fo"li*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Exfoliated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exfoliating (?).] [L. exfoliare to strip of leaves; ex out, from + folium leaf.]

1. To separate and come off in scales or laminæ, as pieces of carious bone or of bark.

2. (Min.) To split into scales, especially to become converted into scales at the result of heat or decomposition.


Ex*fo"li*ate v. t. To remove scales, laminæ, or splinters from the surface of.


Ex*fo`li*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. exfoliation.] The scaling off of a bone, a rock, or a mineral, etc.; the state of being exfoliated.


Ex*fo"li*a"tive (?), a. [Cf.F. exfoliatif.] Having the power of causing exfoliation. -- n. An exfoliative agent. Wiseman.


Ex*hal"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being exhaled or evaporated. Boyle.


Ex*hal"ant (?), a. [Cf. F. exhalant.] Having the quality of exhaling or evaporating.


Ex`ha*la"tion (?), n. [L. exhalatio: cf. F. exhalaison, exhalation.]

1. The act or process of exhaling, or sending forth in the form of steam or vapor; evaporation.

2. That which is exhaled, or which rises in the form of vapor, fume, or steam; effluvium; emanation; as, exhalations from the earth or flowers, decaying matter, etc.

Ye mists and exhalations, that now rise From hill or steaming lake. Milton.

3. A bright phenomenon; a meteor.

I shall fall Like a bright exhalation in the evening. Shak.


Ex*hale" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exaled (?), p. pr. & vb. n.. Exaling.] [L. exhalare; ex out + halare to breathe; cf.F. exhaler. Cf. Inhale.]

1. To breathe out. Hence: To emit, as vapor; to send out, as an odor; to evaporate; as, the earth exhales vapor; marshes exhale noxious effluvia.

Less fragrant scents the unfolding rose exhales. Pope.

2. To draw out; to cause to be emitted in vapor; as, the sum exhales the moisture of the earth.


Ex*hale", v. i. To rise or be given off, as vapor; to pass off, or vanish.

Their inspiration exhaled in elegies. Prescott.


Ex*hale"ment (?), n. Exhalation. [Obs.]


Ex*hal"ence (?), n. Exhalation. [R.]


Ex*haust" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhausted; p. pr. & vb. n. Exhausting.] [L. exhaustus, p.p. of exhaurire; ex out + haurire, haustum, to draw, esp. water; perhaps akin to Icel. asua to sprinkle, pump.]

1. To draw or let out wholly; to drain off completely; as, to exhaust the water of a well; the moisture of the earth is exhausted by evaporation.

2. To empty by drawing or letting out the contents; as, to exhaust a well, or a treasury.

3. To drain, metaphorically; to use or expend wholly, or till the supply comes to an end; to deprive wholly of strength; to use up; to weary or tire out; to wear out; as, to exhaust one's strength, patience, or resources.

A decrepit, exhausted old man at fifty-five. Motley.

4. To bring out or develop completely; to discuss thoroughly; as, to exhaust a subject.

5. (Chem.) To subject to the action of various solvents in order to remove all soluble substances or extractives; as, to exhaust a drug successively with water, alcohol, and ether. Exhausted receiver. (Physics) See under Receiver. Syn. -- To spend; consume; tire out; weary.


Ex*haust", a. [L. exhaustus, p.p.]

1. Drained; exhausted; having expended or lost its energy.

2. Pertaining to steam, air, gas, etc., that is released from the cylinder of an engine after having preformed its work. Exhaust draught, a forced draught produced by drawing air through a place, as through a furnace, instead of blowing it through. -- Exhaust fan, a fan blower so arranged as to produce an exhaust draught, or to draw air or gas out of a place, as out of a room in ventilating it. -- Exhaust nozzle, Exhaust orifice (Steam Engine), the blast orifice or nozzle. -- Exhaust pipe (Steam Engine), the pipe that conveys exhaust steam from the cylinder to the atmosphere or to the condenser. Exhaust port (Steam Engine), the opening, in the cylinder or valve, by which the exhaust steam escapes. -- Exhaust purifier (Milling), a machine for sorting grains, or purifying middlings by an exhaust draught. Knight. -- Exhaust steam (Steam Engine), steam which is allowed to escape from the cylinder after having been employed to produce motion of the piston. -- Exhaust valve (Steam Engine), a valve that lets exhaust steam escape out of a cylinder.


Ex*haust", n. (Steam Engine)

1. The steam let out of a cylinder after it has done its work there.

2. The foul air let out of a room through a register or pipe provided for the purpose.


Ex*haust"er (?) n. One who, or that which, exhausts or draws out.


Ex*haust`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. Capability of being exhausted.

I was seriously tormented by the thought of the exhaustibility of musical combinations. J. S. Mill.


Ex*haust"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being exhausted, drained off, or expended. Johnson.


Ex*haust"ing, a. Producing exhaustion; as, exhausting labors. -- Ex*haust"ing, adv.


Ex*haus"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. exhaustion.]

1. The act of draining out or draining off; the act of emptying completely of the contents.

2. The state of being exhausted or emptied; the state of being deprived of strength or spirits.

3. (Math.) An ancient geometrical method in which an exhaustive process was employed. It was nearly equivalent to the modern method of limits. &hand; The method of exhaustions was applied to great variety of propositions, pertaining to rectifications and quadratures, now investigated by the calculus.


Ex*haust"ive (?), a. Serving or tending to exhaust; exhibiting all the facts or arguments; as, an exhaustive method. Ex*haust"ive*ly, adv.


Ex*haust"less, a. Not be exhausted; inexhaustible; as, an exhaustless fund or store.


Ex*haust"ment (?), n. Exhaustion; drain. [Obs.]


Ex*haus"ture (?), n. Exhaustion. Wraxall.


Ex"he*dra (?), n. [NL.] See Exedra.


Ex*her"e*date (?), v. t. [L., exheredatus, p.p. of exheredare to disinherit; ex out + heres, heredis, heir.] To disinherit. [R.] Huloet.


Ex*her`e*da"tion (?), n. [L., exheredatio: cf. F. exhérédation.] A disinheriting; disherisor. [R.]


Ex`he*red`i*ta"tion (?), n. [LL. exhereditare, exhereditatum, disinherit.] A disinheriting; disherison. [R.] E. Waterhouse.


Ex*hib"it (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhibited; p. pr. & vb. n. Exhibiting.] [L. exhibitus, p. p. of exhibere to hold forth, to tender, exhibit; ex out + habere to have or hold. See Habit.]

1. To hold forth or present to view; to produce publicly, for inspection; to show, especially in order to attract notice to what is interesting; to display; as, to exhibit commodities in a warehouse, a picture in a gallery.

Exhibiting a miserable example of the weakness of mind and body. Pope.

2. (Law) To submit, as a document, to a court or officer, in course of proceedings; also, to present or offer officially or in legal form; to bring, as a charge.

He suffered his attorney-general to exhibit a charge of high treason against the earl. Clarendon.

3. (Med.) To administer as a remedy; as, to exhibit calomel. To exhibit a foundation or prize, to hold it forth or to tender it as a bounty to candidates. -- To exibit an essay, to declaim or otherwise present it in public. [Obs.]


Ex*hib"it, n.

1. Any article, or collection of articles, displayed to view, as in an industrial exhibition; a display; as, this exhibit was marked A; the English exhibit.

2. (Law) A document produced and identified in court for future use as evidence.


Ex*hib"it*er (?), n. [Cf. Exhibitor.] One who exhibits; one who presents a petition, charge or bill. Shak.


Ex`hi*bi"tion (?), n. [L. exhibitio a delivering: cf. F. exhibition.]

1. The act of exhibiting for inspection, or of holding forth to view; manifestation; display.

2. That which is exhibited, held forth, or displayed; also, any public show; a display of works of art, or of feats of skill, or of oratorical or dramatic ability; as, an exhibition of animals; an exhibition of pictures, statues, etc.; an industrial exhibition.

3. Sustenance; maintenance; allowance, esp. for meat and drink; pension. Specifically: (Eng. Univ.) Private benefaction for the maintenance of scholars.

What maintenance he from his friends receives, Like exhibition thou shalt have from me. Shak.

I have given more exhibitions to scholars, in my days, than to the priests. Tyndale.

4. (Med.) The act of administering a remedy.


Ex`hi*bi"tion*er (?), n. (Eng. Univ.) One who has a pension or allowance granted for support.

A youth who had as an exhibitioner from Christ's Hospital. G. Eliot.


Ex*hib"it*ive (?), a. Serving for exhibition; representative; exhibitory. Norris. -- Ex*hib"it*ive*ly, adv.


Ex*hib"it*or (?), n. [Cf. L. exhibitor a giver.] One who exhibits.


Ex*hib"it*o*ry (?), a. [L. exhibitorius relating to giving up: cf. F. exhibitoire exhibiting.] Exhibiting; publicly showing. J. Warton.


Ex*hil"a*rant (?), a. [L. exhilarans. -antis, p. pr. See Exhilarate.] Exciting joy, mirth, or pleasure. -- n. That which exhilarates.


Ex*hil"a*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhilarated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exilarating.] [L. exhilaratus, p.p. of exhilarare to gladden; ex out + hilarare to make merry, hilaris merry, cheerful. See Hilarious.] To make merry or jolly; to enliven; to animate; to gladden greatly; to cheer; as, good news exhilarates the mind; wine exhilarates a man.


Ex*hil"a*rate, v. i. To become joyous. [R.] Bacon.


Ex*hil"a*ra`ting (?), a. That exhilarates; cheering; gladdening. -- Ex*hil"a*ra`ting*ly, adv.


Ex*hil`a*ra"tion (?), n. [L., exhilaratio.]

1. The act of enlivening the spirits; the act of making glad or cheerful; a gladdening.

2. The state of being enlivened or cheerful.

Exhilaration hath some affinity with joy, though it be a much lighter motion. Bacon.

Syn. -- Animation; joyousness; gladness; cheerfulness; gayety; hilarity; merriment; jollity.


Ex*hort" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhorted; p. pr. & vb. n. Exhorting.] [L. exhortari; ex out + hortari to incite, encourage; cf. F. exhorter. See Hortative.] To incite by words or advice; to animate or urge by arguments, as to a good deed or laudable conduct; to address exhortation to; to urge strongly; hence, to advise, warn, or caution.

Examples gross as earth exhort me. Shak.

Let me exhort you to take care of yourself. J. D. Forbes.


Ex*hort", v. i. To deliver exhortation; to use words or arguments to incite to good deeds.

With many other words did he testify and exhort. Acts ii. 40.


Ex*hort", n. Exhortation. [Obs.] Pope.


Ex`hor*ta"tion (?), n. [L. exhortatio: cf. F. exhortation.]

1. The act of practice of exhorting; the act of inciting to laudable deeds; incitement to that which is good or commendable.

2. Language intended to incite and encourage; advice; counsel; admonition.

I'll end my exhortation after dinner. Shak.


Ex*hor"ta*tive (?), a. [L. exhortativus: cf. F. exhortatif.] Serving to exhort; exhortatory; hortative. Barrow.


Ex*hor"ta*to*ry (?) a. [L. exhortatorius: cf. F. exhortatoire.] Of or pertaining to exhortation; hortatory. Holinshed.


Ex*hort"er (?), n. One who exhorts or incites.


Ex*hu"ma*ted (?), a. Disinterred. [Obs.]


Ex`hu*ma"tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. exhumatio, F. exhumation.] The act of exhuming that which has been buried; as, the exhumation of a body.


Ex*hume" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhumed (?) p. pr. & vb. n.. Exhuming.] [LL. exhumare; L. ex out + humus ground, soil: cf. F. exhumer. See Humble.] To dig out of the ground; to take out of a place of burial; to disinter. Mantell.


Ex"ic*cate (?), v. t. See Exsiccate. [Obs.] Holland.


Ex`ic*ca"tion (?), n. See Exsiccation. [Obs.]


Ex"i*gence (?), n. [F.] Exigency. Hooker.


Ex"i*gen*cy (?), n.;pl. Exigencies (#). [LL. exigentia: cf. F. exigence.] The state of being exigent; urgent or exacting want; pressing necessity or distress; need; a case demanding immediate action, supply, or remedy; as, an unforeseen exigency. The present exigency of his affairs." Ludlow. Syn. -- Demand; urgency; distress; pressure; emergency; necessity; crisis.


Ex`i*gen"da*ry (?), n. See Exigenter.


Ex`i*gent, a. [L. exigens, -entis, p. pr. of exigere to drive out or forth, require, exact. See Exact.] Exacting or requiring immediate aid or action; pressing; critical. At this exigent moment." Burke.


Ex"i*gent, n.

1. Exigency; pressing necessity; decisive moment. [Obs.]

Why do you cross me in this exigent? Shak.

2. (o. Eng. Law) The name of a writ in proceedings before outlawry. Abbott.


Ex"i*gent*er (?), n. (O. Eng. Law) An officer in the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas whose duty it was make out exigents. The office in now abolished. Cowell.


Ex"i*gi*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. exigible. See Exigent.] That may be exacted; repairable. [R.] A. Smith.


Ex`i*gu"i*ty (?), n. [L. exiguitas, fr. exiguus small: cf. F. exiguité.] Scantiness; smallness; thinness. [R.] Boyle.


Ex*ig"u*ous (?), a. [L. exiguus.] Scanty; small; slender; diminutive. [R.] Exiguous resources." Carlyle. -- Ex*ig"uous*ness, n. [R.]


Ex"ile (?), n. [OE. exil, fr. L. exilium, exsilium, fr. exsuil one who quits, or is banished from, his native soil; ex out + solum ground, land, soil, or perh. fr.the root of salire to leap, spring; cf. F. exil. Cf. Sole of the foot, Saltation.]

1. Forced separation from one's native country; expulsion from one's home by the civil authority; banishment; sometimes, voluntary separation from one's native country.

Let them be recalled from their exile. Shak.

2. The person expelled from his country by authority; also, one who separates himself from his home.

Thou art in exile, and thou must not stay. Shak.

Syn. -- Banishment; proscription; expulsion.


Ex"ile (?) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exiling.] To banish or expel from one's own country or home; to drive away. Exiled from eternal God." Tennyson.

Calling home our exiled friends abroad. Shak.

Syn. -- See Banish.


Ex*ile" (?), a. [L. exilis.] Small; slender; thin; fine. [Obs.] An exile sound." Bacon.


Ex"ile*ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. exilement.] Banishment. [R.] Sir. H. Wotton.


Ex*il"ic (?), a. Pertaining to exile or banishment, esp. to that of the Jews in Babylon. Encyc. Dict.


Ex`i*li"tion (?), n. [L. exsilire to spring from; ex out + salire to spring, leap.] A sudden springing or leaping out. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


Ex*il"ity (?), n. [L. exilitas: cf. F. exilité. See Exile, a.] Smallness; meagerness; slenderness; fineness, thinness. [R.] Paley.


Ex*im"ious (?) a. [L. eximius taken out, i. e. select, fr. eximere to take out. See Exempt.] Select; choice; hence, extraordinary, excellent. [Obs.]

The eximious and arcane science of physic. Fuller.


Ex*in"a*nite (?), v. t. [L. exinanitus, p. p. of exinanire; ex out (intens.) + inanire to make empty, inanis, empty.] To make empty; to render of no effect; to humble. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.


Ex*in`a*ni"tion (?) n. [L. exinanitio.] An emptying; an enfeebling; exhaustion; humiliation. [Obs.]

Fastings to the exinanition of spirits. Jer. Taylor.


Ex*ist" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Existed; p. pr. & vb. n. Existing.] [L. existere, exsistere, to step out or forth, emerge, appear, exist; ex out + sistere to cause to stand, to set, put, place, stand still, fr. stare to stand: cf. F. exister. See Stand.]

1. To be as a fact and not as a mode; to have an actual or real being, whether material or spiritual.

Who now, alas! no more is missed Than if he never did exist. Swift.

To conceive the world . . . to have existed from eternity. South.

2. To be manifest in any manner; to continue to be; as, great evils existed in his reign.

3. To live; to have life or the functions of vitality; as, men can not exist water, nor fishes on land. Syn. -- See Be.


Ex*ist"ence (?), n. [Cf. F. existence.]

1. The state of existing or being; actual possession of being; continuance in being; as, the existence of body and of soul in union; the separate existence of the soul; immortal existence.

The main object of our existence. Lubbock.

2. Continued or repeated manifestation; occurrence, as of events of any kind; as, the existence of a calamity or of a state of war.

The existence therefore, of a phenomenon, is but another word for its being perceived, or for the inferred possibility of perceiving it. J. S. Mill.

3. That which exists; a being; a creature; an entity; as, living existences.


Ex*ist"en*cy (?), n. Existence. [R.] Sir M. Hale.


Ex*ist"ent (?), a. [L. existens, -entis, p. pr. of existere. See Exist.] Having being or existence; existing; being; occurring now; taking place.

The eyes and mind are fastened on objects which have no real being, as if they were truly existent. Dryden.


Ex`is*ten"tial (?), a. Having existence. [Archaic] Bp. Barlow. --Ex`is*ten"tial*ly, adv. [Archaic]

Existentially as well as essentially intelligent. Colerige.


Ex*ist"er (?), n. One who exists.


Ex*ist"i*ble (?), a. Capable of existence. Grew.


Ex*is`ti*ma"tion (?), n. [L. existimatio judgment, opinion, fr. existimare to estimate. See Estimate.] Esteem; opinion; reputation. [Obs.] Steele.


Ex"it (?). [L., 3d pers. sing. pres. of exire to go out. See Exeunt, Issue.] He (or she ) goes out, or retires from view; as, exit Macbeth. &hand; The Latin words exit (he or she goes out), and exeunt ( they go out), are used in dramatic writings to indicate the time of withdrawal from the stage of one or more of the actors.


Ex"it, n. [See 1st Exit.]

1. The departure of a player from the stage, when he has performed his part.

They have their exits and their entrances. Shak.

2. Any departure; the act of quitting the stage of action or of life; death; as, to make one's exit.

Sighs for his exit, vulgarly called death. Cowper.

3. A way of departure; passage out of a place; egress; way out.

Forcing he water forth thought its ordinary exists. Woodward.

Exitial, Exitious[edit]

Ex*i"tial (?), Ex*i"tious (?), a. [L. exitialis, exitious, fr. exitium a going out, a going to naught, i. e., ruin, fr.exire to go out: cf. F. exitial.] Destructive; fatal. [Obs.] Exitial fevers." Harvey.


Ex"o (?). [Gr. out of, outside, fr. out. See Ex-.] A prefix signifying out of, outside; as in exocarp, exogen, exoskeleton.

Exocardiac, Exocardial[edit]

Ex`o*car"di*ac (?), Ex`o*car"di*al (?), a. [Exo- + Gr. heat.] (Anat.) Situated or arising outside of the heat; as, exocardial murmurs; -- opposed to endocardiac.


Ex"o*carp (?), n. [Exo- + Gr. fruit.] (Bot.) The outer portion of a fruit, as the flesh of a peach or the rind of an orange. See Illust. of Drupe.


Ex`oc*cip"i*tal (?), a. [Pref. ex- + occipital.] (Anat.) Pertaining to a bone or region on each side of the great foremen of the skull. -- n. The exoccipital bone, which often forms a part of the occipital in the adult, but is usually distinct in the young.

Exocetus, Exocœtus[edit]

Ex`o*ce"tus (? or ?), Ex`ocœ"tus, n. [NL. exocetus, L. exocoetus a fish that sleeps on the shore, Gr. ,lit., sleeping out; outside of + bed.] (Zoöl) A genus of fishes, including the common flying fishes. See Flying fish.


Ex*oc"u*late (?), v. t. [L. exoculatus, p. p. of exoculare to exoculate; ex out + oculus an eye.] To deprive of eyes. [R.] W. C. Hazlitt.


Ex"ode (?) n. [L. exodium, Gr. (sc. song) fr. belonging to an exit, or to the finale of a tragedy, fr. : cf. F. exode. See Exodus.]

1. Departure; exodus; esp., the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. [Obs.] L. Coleman. Bolingbroke.

2. (Gr. Drama) The final chorus; the catastrophe.

3. (Rom. Antig.) An afterpiece of a comic description, either a farce or a travesty.


Ex*od"ic (?), a. [Gr. belonging to departure. See Exodus.] (Physiol.) Conducting influences from the spinal cord outward; -- said of the motor or efferent nerves. Opposed to esodic.


Ex*o"gi*um (?), n. [L.] See Exode.


Ex"o*dus (?), n. [L., the book of Exodus, Gr. a going or marching out; out + way, cf. Skr. ā-sad to approach.]

1. A going out; particularly (the Exodus), the going out or journey of the Israelites from Egypt under the conduct of Moses; and hence, any large migration from a place.

2. The second of the Old Testament, which contains the narrative of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt.


Ex"o*dy (?), n. Exodus; withdrawal. [Obs.]

The time of the Jewish exody. Sir M. Hale.


Ex`-of*fi"cial (?), a. Proceeding from office or authority.

Ex officio[edit]

Ex` of*fi"ci*o (?); pl. Ex officiis (#). [L.] From office; by virtue, or as a consequence, of an office; officially.


Ex*og"a*mous (?), a. [Exo- + Gr. marriage.] Relating to exogamy; marrying outside of the limits of one's own tribe; -- opposed to endogenous.


Ex*og"a*my (?), n. The custom, or tribal law, which prohibits marriage between members of the same tribe; marriage outside of the tribe; -- opposed to endogamy. Lubbock.


Ex"o*gen (?), n. [Exo- + -gen: cf. F. exog\'8ane.] (Bot.) A plant belonging to one of the greater part of the vegetable kingdom, and which the plants are characterized by having c wood bark, and pith, the wood forming a layer between the other two, and increasing, if at all, by the animal addition of a new layer to the outside next to the bark. The leaves are commonly netted-veined, and the number of cotyledons is two, or, very rarely, several in a whorl. Cf. Endogen. Gray.


Ex`o*ge*net"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Arising or growing from without; exogenous.


Ex*og"e*nous (?), a.

1. (Bot.) Pertaining to, or having the character of, an exogen; -- the opposite of endogenous.

2. (Biol.) Growing by addition to the exterior.

3. (Anat.) Growing from previously ossified parts; -- opposed to autogenous. Owen. Exogenous aneurism (Med.), an aneurism which is produced by causes acting from without, as from injury.


Ex`o*gy"ra (?) n. [NL., fr. Gr. out, outside + circle.] (Paleon.) A genus of Cretaceous fossil shells allied to oysters.


Ex"o*lete (?), a. [L. exoletus, p. p. of exolescere to grow out, grow out of use; ex out + olescere to grow.] Obsolete; out of use; state; insipid. [Obs.]


Ex`o*lu"tion (?), n. [L. exolutio a release. See Exolve.] See Exsolution. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


Ex*olve" (?), v. t. [L. exolvere, exsolutum; ex out + solvere.] To loose; to pay. [Obs.]


Ex"on (?), n. [NL., from E. Exe (Celt. uisge water) the name of a river.] A native or inhabitant of Exeter, in England.


Ex"on, n. [F. expect an under officer.] An officer of the Yeomen of the Guard; an Exempt. [Eng.]


Ex*on"er*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exonerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exonerating (?).] [L. exoneratus, p. p. of exonerare to free from a burden; ex out, from onerare to load, onus load. See Onerous.]

1. To unload; to disburden; to discharge. [Obs.]

All exonerate themselves into one common duct. Ray.

2. To relieve, in a moral sense, as of a charge, obligation, or load of blame resting on one; to clear of something that lies upon oppresses one, as an accusation or imputation; as, to exonerate one's self from blame, or from the charge of avarice. Burke.

3. To discharge from duty or obligation, as a ball. Syn>- To absolve; acquit; exculpate. See Absolve.


Ex*on`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. exoneratio: cf. F. Exonération.] The act of disburdening, discharging, or freeing morally from a charge or imputation; also, the state of being disburdened or freed from a charge.


Ex*on"er*a*tive (?), a. Freeing from a burden or obligation; tending to exonerate.


Ex*on"er*a`tor (?), n. [L., an unloader.] One who exonerates or frees from obligation.


Ex`oph*thal"mi*a (?), n. [Nl.,fr. Gr. with prominent eyes; out + the eye.] (Med.) The protrusion of the eyeball so that the eyelids will not cover it, in consequence of disease.


Ex`oph*thal"mic (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or characterized by, exophthalmia. Exophthalmic golter. Same as Rasedow's disease.

Exophthalmos, Exophthalmus[edit]

Ex`oph*thal"mos (?), Ex`oph*thal"mus (), n. [NL.] (Med.) Same as Exophthalmia.


Ex`oph*thal"my (?), n. (Med.) Exophthalmia.


Ex*oph"yl*lous (?), a. [Exo- + Gr. .] (Bot.) Not sheathed in another leaf.


Ex"o*plasm (?), n. [Exo- + Gr. from, fr. to mold.] (Biol.) See Ectosarc, and Ectoplasm.


Ex*op"o*dite (?), n. [Exo- + Gr. , foot.] (Zoöl) The external branch of the appendages of Crustacea.


Ex*op"ta*ble (?), a. [L. exoptabilis.] Very desirable. [Obs.] Bailey.


Ex*op"tile (?), n. [F., fr.Gr. without + feather, plumage.] (Bot.) A name given by Lestiboudois to dicotyledons; -- so called because the plumule is naked.


Ex"ra*ble (?), a. [L. exorabilis: cf. F. exorable. See Exorate.] Capable of being moved by entreaty; pitiful; tender. Milton.


Ex"o*rate (?), v. t. [L. exoratus, p. p. of exorare to gain by entreaty; ex out, from + orare to pay.] To persuade, or to gain, by entreaty. [Obs.] Cockeram.


Ex`o*ra"tion (?), n. [L. exoratio.] Entreaty. [R.] Beau. & Fl.

Exorbitance, Exorbitancy[edit]

Ex*or"bi*tance (?), Ex*or"bi*tan*cy (?),, n. A going out of or beyond the usual or due limit; hence, enormity; extravagance; gross deviation from rule, right, or propriety; as, the exorbitances of the tongue or of deportment; exorbitance of demands. a curb to your exorbitancies." Dryden.

The lamentable exorbitances of their superstitions. Bp. Hall.


Ex*or"bi*tant (?), a. [L. exorbitans, -antis, p. pr. of exorbitare to go out of the track; ex out + orbita track: cf. F. exorbitant. See Orbit.]

1. Departing from an orbit or usual track; hence, deviating from the usual or due course; going beyond the appointed rules or established limits of right or propriety; excessive; extravagant; enormous; inordinate; as, exorbitant appetites and passions; exorbitant charges, demands, or claims.

Foul exorbitant desires. Milton.

2. Not comprehended in a settled rule or method; anomalous.

The Jews . . . [were] inured with causes exorbitant, and such as their laws had not provided for. Hooker.


Ex*or"bi*tant*ly, adv. In an exorbitant, excessive, or irregular manner; enormously.


Ex*or"bi*tate (?), v. i. [L.exorbitatus, p.p. of exorbitare. See Exorbitant.] To go out of the track; to deviate. [Obs.] Bentley.


Ex"or*cise (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exorcised ; p. pr. & vb. n. Exorcising .] [L. exorcizare, Gr. ; out+ to make one swear, bind by an oath:: cf. F. exorciser.]

1. To cast out, as a devil, evil spirits, etc., by conjuration or summoning by a holy name, or by certain ceremonies; to expel (a demon) or to conjure (a demon) to depart out of a person possessed by one.

He impudently excorciseth devils in the church. Prynne.

2. To deliver or purify from the influence of an evil spirit or demon.

Exorcise the beds and cross the walls. Dryden.

Mr. Spectator . . . do all you can to exorcise crowds who are . . . processed as I am. Spectator.


Ex"or-ci`ser (?), n. An exorcist.


Ex"or*cism (?), n. [L. exorcismus, Gr. ; cf. F. exorcisme.]

1. The act of exorcising; the driving out of evil spirits from persons or places by conjuration; also, the form of conjuration used.

2. Conjuration for raising spirits. [R.] Shak.


Ex"or-cist (?), n. [L. exorcista, Gr. : cf. F. exorciste.]

1. One who expels evil spirits by conjuration or exorcism.

Certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists. Acts xix. 13.

2. A conjurer who can raise spirits. [R.]

Thou, like an exorcist, hast conjured up My mortified spirit. Shak.


Ex*or"di*al (?), a. Pertaining to the exordium of a discourse: introductory.

The exordial paragraph of the second epistle. I. Taylor.


Ex*or"di*um (?), n.; pl. E. Exordiums (#), L. Exordia . [L. fr. exordiri to begin a web, lay a warp, begin; ex out + ordiri to begin a web, begin; akin to E. order. See Order.] A beginning; an introduction; especially, the introductory part of a discourse or written composition, which prepares the audience for the main subject; the opening part of an oration. The exordium of repentance." Jer. Taylor. Long prefaces and exordiums. " Addison.


Ex`o*rhi"za (?), n.; pl. Exorhize (#). [NL. fr. Gr. outside + root.] (Bot.) A plant Whose radicle is not inclosed or sheathed by the cotyledons or plumule. Gray.

Exorhizal, Exorhizous[edit]

Ex`o*rhi"zal (?), Ex`o*rhi`zous (?), a. (Bot.) Having a radicle which is not inclosed by the cotyledons or plumule; of or relating to an exorhiza.


Ex`or*na"tion (?), n. [L. exornatio, fr. exornare. See Ornate.] Ornament; decoration; embellishment. [Obs.]

Hyperbolical exornations . . . many much affect. Burton.


Ex*or`tive (?), a. [L. exortivus, fr. exortus a coming forth, rising; ex out + orivi to rise, come forth.] Rising; relating to the east. [R.]


Ex*os"cu*late (?), v. t. [L. exosculatus, p. p. of exosculari to kiss. See Osculate.] To kiss; especially, to kiss repeatedly or fondly. [Obs.]


Ex`o*skel"e*tal (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the exoskeleton; as exoskeletal muscles.


Ex`o*skel"e*ton (?), n. [Exo- + skeleton] (Anat.) The hardened parts of the external integument of an animal, including hair, feathers, nails, horns, scales, etc.,as well as the armor of armadillos and many reptiles, and the shells or hardened integument of numerous invertebrates; external skeleton; dermoskeleton.


Ex"os*mose` (?), n. [Exo+osmose: cf. F. ezosmose.] (Physics) The passage of gases, vapors, or liquids thought membranes or porous media from within outward, in the phenomena of osmose; -- opposed to endosmose. See Osmose.


Ex`os*mo"sis (?), n. [NL. See Exo-, and Osmose.] (Physics) See Exosmose.


Ex`os*mot`ic (?), a. Pertaining to exosmose.


Ex`o*spore (?), n. [Exo+spote.] (Biol.) The extreme outer wall of a spore; the epispore.


Ex*os"state (?), v. t. [L. exossatus, p. p. of exossare to bone , fr. exos without bones; ex out + os, ossis, bone.] To deprive of bones; to take out the bones of; to bone. [Obs.] Bailey.


Ex`os*sa"tion (?), n. A depriving of bone or of fruit stones. [Obs.] Bacon.


Ex*os"se-ous (?), a. [Ex + osseous.] Boneless. Exosseous animals. " Sir T. Browne.


Ex"o*stome (?), n. [Exo- + Gr. mouth :cf. F. exostome.] (Bot.) The small aperture or foremen in the outer coat of the ovule of a plant.


Ex`os*to"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ; out + bone: cf. F exostose.]

1. (Med.) Any protuberance of a bone which is not natural; an excrescence or morbid enlargement of a bone. Coxe.

2. (Bot.) A knot formed upon or in the wood of trees by disease.

Exoteric, Exoterical[edit]

Ex`o*ter"ic (?), Ex`o*ter"ic*al (?) a. [L. exotericus, Gr. fr. out: cf. F. exotérique. See Ex-] External; public; suitable to be imparted to the public; hence, capable of being readily or fully comprehended; -- opposed to esoteric, or secret.

The foppery of an exoteric and esoteric doctrine. De Quincey.


Ex`o*ter`ics (?), n. pl. (Philos.) The public lectures or published writings of Aristotle. See Esoterics.


Ex"o*ter*y (?), n.; pl. Exoteries (-). That which is obvious, public, or common.

Dealing out exoteries only to the vulgar. A. Tucker.


Ex`o*the"ca (?), n. [Nl., fr. Gr. outside + a case, box.] (Zoöl.) The tissue which fills the interspaces between the costæ of many madreporarian corals, usually consisting of small transverse or oblique septa.


Ex`o*the"ci-um (?), n. [NL. See Exotheca.] (Bot.) The outer coat of the anther.


Ex*ot"ic (?), a. [L. exoticus, Gr. fr. outside: cf. F. exotique. See Exoteric.] Introduced from a foreign country; not native; extraneous; foreign; as, an exotic plant; an exotic term or word.

Nothing was so splendid and exotic as the ambassador. Evelyn.


Ex*ot"ic (?), n. Anything of foreign origin; something not of native growth, as a plant, a word, a custom.

Plants that are unknown to Italy, and such as the gardeners call exotics. Addison.


Ex*ot"ic*al (?), a. Foreign; not native; exotic. [R.] -- Ex*ot"ic*al*ness, n.


Ex*ot"i*cism (?), n. The state of being exotic; also, anything foreign, as a word or idiom; an exotic.


Ex*pand" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expanded; p. pr. & vb. n. Expanding.] [L. expandere, expansum; ex out + pandere to spread out, to throw open; perh. akin to E. patent. Cf. Spawn.]

1. To lay open by extending; to open wide; to spread out; to diffuse; as, a flower expands its leaves.

Then with expanded wings he steers his flight. Milton.

2. To cause the particles or parts of to spread themselves or stand apart, thus increasing bulk without addition of substance; to make to occupy more space; to dilate; to distend; to extend every way; to enlarge; -- opposed to contract; as, to expand the chest; heat expands all bodies; to expand the sphere of benevolence.

3. (Math.) To state in enlarged form; to develop; as, to expand an equation. See Expansion, 5.


Ex*pand", v. i. To become widely opened, spread apart, dilated, distended, or enlarged; as, flowers expand in the spring; metals expand by heat; the heart expands with joy. Dryden.


Ex*pand"er (?), n. Anything which causes expansion esp. (Mech.) a tool for stretching open or expanding a tube, etc.


Ex*pand"ing, a. That expands, or may be expanded; extending; spreading; enlarging. Expanding bit, Expanding drill (Mech.), a bit or drill made adjustable for holes of various sizes; one which can be expanded in diameter while boring. -- Expanding pulley (Mach.), a pulley so made, as in sections, that its diameter can be increased or diminished.


Ex*panse" (?), n. [From L. expansus, p. p. of expandere. See Expand.] That which is expanded or spread out; a wide extent of space or body; especially, the arch of the sky. The green expanse." Savage.

Lights . . . high in the expanse of heaven. Milton.

The smooth expanse of crystal lakes. Pope.


Ex*panse", v. t. To expand. [Obs.]

That lies expansed unto the eyes of all. Sir. T. Browne.


Ex*pan`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The capacity of being expanded; as, the expansibility of air.


Ex*pab"si*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. expansible.] Capable of being expanded or spread out widely.

Bodies are not expansible in proposition to their weight. -- Ex*pab"si*ble*ness ,n. -Ex*pan"si*bly ,adv.


Ex*pan"sile (?), a. Expansible.

Ether and alcohol are more expansile than water. Brande & C.


Ex*pan"sion (?), n. [L. expansio: cf. F. expansion.]

1. The act of expanding or spreading out; the condition of being expanded; dilation; enlargement.

2. That which is expanded; expanse; extend surface; as the expansion of a sheet or of a lake; the expansion was formed of metal.

The starred expansion of the skies. Beattie.

3. Space thought which anything is expanded; also, pure space.

Lost in expansion, void and infinite. Blackmore.

4. (Com.) Enlargement or extension of business transaction; esp., increase of the circulation of bank notes.

5. (Math.) The developed result of an indicated operation; as, the expansion of (a + b)2 is a2 + 2ab + b2.

6. (Steam Ebgine) The operation of steam in a cylinder after its communication with the boiler has been cut off, by which it continues to exert pressure upon the moving piston.

7. (Nav. Arch.) The enlargement of the ship mathematically from a model or drawing to the full or building size, in the process of construction. Ham. Nav. Encyc. &hand; Expansion is also used adjectively, as in expansion joint, expansion gear, etc. Expansion curve, a curve the coördinates of which show the relation between the pressure and volume of expanding gas or vapor; esp. (Steam engine), that part of an indicator diagram which shows the declining pressure of the steam as it expands in the cylinder. -- Expansion gear (Stream Engine). a cut-off gear. See Illust. of Link motion. -- Automatic expansion gear ? cut-off, one that is regulated by the governor, and varies the supply of steam to the engine with the demand for power. -- Fixed expansion gear, ? Fixed cut-off, one that always operates at the same fixed point of the stroke. -- Expansion joint, ? Expansion coupling (Mech. & Engin.), a yielding joint or coupling for so uniting parts of a machine or structure that expansion, as by heat, is prevented from causing injurious strains; as by heat, is prevented from causing injurious strains; as: (a) A side or set of rollers, at the end of bridge truss, to support it but allow end play. (b) A telescopic joint in a steam pipe, to permit one part of the pipe to slide within the other. (c) A clamp for holding a locomotive frame to the boiler while allowing lengthwise motion. -- Expansion valve (Steam Engine), a cut-off valve, to shut off steam from the cylinder before the end of each stroke.


Ex*pan"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. expansif.] Having a capacity or tendency to expand or dilate; diffusive; of much expanse; wide-extending; as, the expansive force of heat; the expansive quality of air.

A more expansive and generous compassion. Eustace.

His forehead was broad and expansive. Prescott.

-- Ex*pan"sive*ly, adv. -Ex*pan"sive*ness, n.


Ex*pan"sure (?shur; 135), n. Expanse. [Obs.] Night's rich expansure."

Ex parte[edit]

Ex` par"te (?). [L. See Ex-, and Part.] Upon or from one side only; one-sided; partial; as, an ex parte statement. Ex parte application, one made without notice or opportunity to oppose. -- Ex parte council, one that assembles at the request of only one of the parties in dispute. -- Ex parte hearing ? evidence (Law), that which is had or taken by one side or party in the absence of the other. Hearings before grand juries, and affidavits, are ex parte. Wharton's Law Dict. Burrill.


Ex*pa"ti*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Expatiated (?);p. pr. & vb. n. Expariating (?).] [L. expatiatus, exspatiatus, p. p. of expatiari, exspatiari, to expatiate; ex out + spatiari to walk about spread out, fr. spatium space. See Space.]

1. To range at large, or without restraint.

Bids his free soul expatiate in the skies. Pope.

2. To enlarge in discourse or writing; to be copious in argument or discussion; to descant.

He expatiated on the inconveniences of trade. Addison.


Ex*pa"ti*ate, v. t. To expand; to spread; to extend; to diffuse; to broaden.

Afford art an ample field in which to expatiate itself. Dryden.


Ex*pa`ti*a"tion (?), n. Act of expatiating.


Ex*pa"ti*a*to*ry (?), a. Expansive; diffusive. [R.]


Ex*pa"tri*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expatriated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Expatriating (?).] [LL. expatriatus, p. p. of expatriare; L. ex out + patria fatherland, native land, fr. pater father. See Patriot.]

1. To banish; to drive or force (a person) from his own country; to make an exile of.

The expatriated landed interest of France. Burke.

2. Reflexively, as To expatriate one's self: To withdraw from one's native country; to renounce the rights and liabilities of citizenship where one is born, and become a citizen of another country.


Ex*pa`tri*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. expatriation.] The act of banishing, or the state of banishment; especially, the forsaking of one's own country with a renunciation of allegiance. ]]== Expatriation was a heavy ransom to pay for the rights of their minds and souls. Palfrey.


Ex*pect" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expected; p. pr. & vb. n. Expecting.] [L. expectatum, to look out for, await, expect; ex + out spectare to look at. See Spectacle.]

1. To wait for; to await. [Obs.]

Let's in, and there expect their coming. Shak.

2. To look for (mentally); to look forward to, as to something that is believed to be about to happen or come; to have a previous apprehension of, whether of good or evil; to look for with some confidence; to anticipate; -- often followed by an infinitive, sometimes by a clause (with, or without, that); as I expect to receive wages; I expect that the troops will be defeated. Good: I will expect you." Shak. Expecting thy reply." Shak.

The Somersetshire or yellow regiment . . . was expected to arrive on the following day. Macaulay.

Syn. -- To anticipate; look for; await; hope. -- To Expect, Think, Believe, Await. Expect is a mental act and has aways a reference to the future, to some coming event; as a person expects to die, or he expects to survive. Think and believe have reference to the past and present, as well as to the future; as I think the mail has arrived; I believe he came home yesterday, that he is he is at home now. There is a not uncommon use of expect, which is a confusion of the two; as, I expect the mail has arrived; I expect he is at home. This misuse should be avoided. Await is a physical or moral act. We await that which, when it comes, will affect us personally. We expect what may, or may not, interest us personally. See Anticipate.


Ex*pect", v. t. To wait; to stay. [Obs.] Sandys.


Ex*pect", n. Expectation. [Obs.] Shak.


Ex*pect"a*ble (?), a. [L. expectabilis.] That may be expected or looked for. Sir T. Browne.

Expectance, Expectancy[edit]

Ex*pect"ance (?), Ex*pect"an*cy (?), n.

1. The act of expecting ; expectation. Milton.

2. That which is expected, or looked or waited for with interest; the object of expectation or hope.

The expectancy and rose of the fair state. Shak.

Estate in expectancy (Law), one the possession of which a person is entitled to have at some future time, either as a remainder or reversion, or on the death of some one. Burrill.


Ex*pect"ant (?), a. [L.expectans, exspectans, p.pr. of expectare, exspectare: cf. F. expectant.] Waiting in expectation; looking for; (Med.) waiting for the efforts of nature, with little active treatment. Expectant estate (Law), an estate in expectancy. See under Expectancy.


Ex*pect"ant, n. One who waits in expectation; one held in dependence by hope of receiving some good.

An expectant of future glory. South.

Those who had employments, or were expectants. Swift.


Ex`pec*ta"tion (?) n. [L. expectio. exspectio: cf. F. expectation.]

1. The act or state of expecting or looking forward to an event as about to happen. In expectation of a guest." Tennyson.

My soul, wait thou only upon God, for my expectation is from him. Ps. lxii. 5.

2. That which is expected or looked for.

Why our great expectation should be called The seed of woman. Milton.

3. The prospect of the future; grounds upon which something excellent is expected to happen; prospect of anything good to come, esp. of c or rank.

His magnificent expiations made him, in the opinion of the world, the best much in Europe. Prescott.

By all men's eyes a youth of expectations. Otway.

4. The value of any chance (as the prospect of prize or property) which depends upon some contingent event. Expectations are computed for or against the occurrence of the event.

5. (Med.) The leaving of the disease principally to the efforts of nature to effect a cure. Expectation of life, the mean or average duration of the life individuals after any specified age. Syn. -- Anticipation; confidence; trust.


Ex*pect"a*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. expectatif.] Constituting an object of expectation; contingent. Expectative grace, a mandate given by the pope or a prince appointing a successor to any benefice before it becomes vacant. Foxe.


Ex*pect"a*tive, n. [F. expectative, fr. expectatif expectant.] Something in expectation; esp., an expectative grace. Milman.


Ex*pect"ed*ly, adv. In conformity with expectation. [R.] Walpole.


Ex*pect"er (?), n. One who expects.


Ex*pect"ing*ly, adv. In state of expectation.


Ex*pect"ive (?), a. Expectative. [R.] Shipley.


Ex*pec"to*rant (?), a. [L. expectorans, p. pr. of expectorare to drive from the breast: cf. F. expectorant.] (Med.) Tending to facilitate expectoration or to promote discharges of mucus, etc., from the lungs or throat. -- n. An expectorant medicine.


Ex*pec"to*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expectorated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Expectorating (?).] [L. expecrorare to drive from the breast; ex out + pectus, pectiris, breast. See Pectoral.] To eject from the trachea or lungs; to discharge, as phlegm or other matter, by coughing, hawking, and spitting; to spit forth.


Ex*pec"to*rate, v. i. To discharge matter from the lungs or throat bu hawking and spitting; to spit.


Ex*pec`to*ra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. expectoration.]

1. The act of ejecting phlegm or mucus from the throat or lungs, by coughing, hawking, and spitting.

2. That which is expectorated, as phlegm or mucus.


Ex*pec"to*ra*tive (?), a. & n. Same as Expectorant. Harvey.


Ex*pede" (?) v. t. To expedite; to hasten. [Obs.]


Ex*pe"di*ate (?), v. t. [Cf. F. expédier. See Expedite.] To hasten; to expedite. [Obs.] To expediate their business." Sir E. Sandys.

Expedience, Expediency[edit]

Ex*pe"di*ence (?), Ex*pe"di*en*cy (?),, n.

1. The quality of being expedient or advantageous; fitness or suitableness to effect a purpose intended; adaptedness to self-interest; desirableness; advantage; advisability; -- sometimes contradistinguished from moral rectitude.

Divine wisdom discovers no expediency in vice. Cogan.

To determine concerning the expedience of action. Sharp.

Much declamation may be heard in the present day against expediency, as if it were not the proper object of a deliberative assembly, and as if it were only pursued by the unprincipled. Whately.

2. Expedition; haste; dispatch. [Obs.]

Making hither with all due expedience. Shak.

3. An expedition; enterprise; adventure. [Obs.]

Forwarding this dear expedience. Shak.


Ex*pe"di*ent (?) a. [L. expediens, -entis, p. pr. of expedire to be expedient, release, extricate: cf. F. expédient. See Expedite.]

1. Hastening or forward; hence, tending to further or promote a proposed object; fit or proper under the circumstances; conducive to self-interest; desirable; advisable; advantageous; -- sometimes contradistinguished from right.

It is expedient for you that I go away. John xvi. 7.

Nothing but the right can ever be expedient, since that can never be true expediency which would sacrifice a greater good to a less. Whately.

2. Quick; expeditious. [Obs.]

His marches are expedient to this town. Shak.


Ex*pe"di*ent, n.

1. That which serves to promote or advance; suitable means to accomplish an end.

What sure expedient than shall Juno find, To calm her fears and ease her boding mind? Philips.

2. Means devised in an exigency; shift. Syn. -- Shift; contrivance; resource; substitute.


Ex*pe`di*en"tial (?). Governed by expediency; seeking advantage; as an expediential policy. Calculating, expediential understanding." Hare. -- Ex*pe`di*en"tial*ly , adv. .


Ex*pe"di*ent*ly (?) adv.

1. In an expedient manner; fitly; suitably; conveniently.

2. With expedition; quickly. [Obs.]


Ex*ped"i*ment (?) n. An expedient. [Obs.]

A like expediment to remove discontent. Barrow.


Ex*ped"i*tate (?), v. t. [LL. expeditatus, p. p. of expeditare to expeditate; ex out + pes, pedis, foot.] (Eng. Forest Laws) To deprive of the claws or the balls of the fore feet; as, to expeditate a dog that he may not chase deer.


Ex"pe*dite (?), a. [L. expeditus, p. p. of expedire to free one caught by the foot, to extricate, set free, bring forward, make ready; ex out + pes, prdis, t. See Foot.]

1. Free of impediment; unimpeded.

To make the way plain and expedite. Hooker.

2. Expeditious; quick; speedily; prompt.

Nimble and expedite . . . in its operation. Tollotson.

Speech is a very short and expedite way of conveying their thoughts. Locke.


Ex"pe*dite, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expedited (?);p. pr. & vb. n. Expediting (?).]

1. To relieve of impediments; to facilitate; to accelerate the process or progress of; to hasten; to quicken; as, to expedite the growth of plants.

To expedite your glorious march. Milton.

2. To despatch; to send forth; to issue officially.

Such charters be expedited of course. Bacon.


Ex"pe*dite`ly (?), adv. In expedite manner; expeditiously.


Ex"pe*dite`ness, n. Quality of being expedite.


Ex`pe*di"tion (?), n. [L. expeditio: cf.F. expédition.]

1. The quality of being expedite; efficient promptness; haste; dispatch; speed; quickness; as to carry the mail with expedition.

With winged expedition

Swift as the lightning glance.

2. A sending forth or setting forth the execution of some object of consequence; progress.

Putting it straight in expedition.

3. An important enterprise, implying a change of place; especially, a warlike enterprise; a march or a voyage with martial intentions; an excursion by a body of persons for a valuable end; as, a military, naval, exploring, or scientific expedition; also, the body of persons making such excursion.

The expedition miserably failed. Prescott.

Narrative of the exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains. J. C. Fremont.


Ex`pe*di"tion*a*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to an expedition; as, an expeditionary force.


Ex`pe*di"toin*ist, n. One who goes upon an expedition. [R].


Ex`pe*di"tious (?), a. Possessed of, or characterized by, expedition, or efficiency and rapidity in action; performed with, or acting with, expedition; quick; having celerity; speedily; as, an expeditious march or messenger. -- Ex`pe*di"tious*ly, adv. -- Ex`pe*di"tious*ness, n. Syn. -- Prompt; ready; speedy; alert. See Prompt.


Ex*ped"i*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. expéditif.] Performing with speed. [Obs.] Bacon.


Ex*pel" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expelled (?), p. pr. & vb. n.. Expelling.] [L. expellere, expulsum; ex out + pellere to drive: cf.F. expeller. See Pulse a beat.]

1. To drive or force out from that within which anything is contained, inclosed, or situated; to eject; as to expel air from a bellows.

Did not ye . . . expel me out of my father's house?

Judg. Xi. 7.

2. To drive away from one's country; to banish.

Forewasted all their land, and them expelled. Spenser.


He shell expel them from before you . . . and ye shell possess their land. Josh. xxiii. 5.

3. To cut off from further connection with an institution of learning, a society, and the like; as, to expel a student or member.

4. To keep out, off, or away; to exclude. To expel the winter's flaw." Shak.

5. To discharge; to shoot. [Obs.]

Then he another and another [shaft] did expel. Spenser.

. Syn. -- To banish; exile; eject; drive out. See Banish.


Ex*pel"la*ble (?), a. Capable of being expelled or driven out. Expellable by heat." Kirwan.


Ex*pel"ler (?), n. One who. or that which, expels.


Ex*pend" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expended; p. pr. & vb. n. Expending.] [L. expendere, expensum, to weigh out, pay out, lay out, lay out; ex out + pendere to weigh. See Poise, and cf. Spend.] To lay out, apply, or employ in any way; to consume by use; to use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; to spend; as, they expend money for food or in charity; to expend time labor, and thought; to expend hay in feeding cattle, oil in a lamp, water in mechanical operations.

If my death might make this island happy . . . I would expend it with all willingness. Shak.


Ex*pend", v. i.

1. To be laid out, used, or consumed.

2. To pay out or disburse money.

They go elsewhere to enjoy and to expend. Macaulay



Ex*pen"i*tor (?), n. [LL.] (O. Eng. Law) A disburser; especially, one of the disbursers of taxes for the repair of sewers. Mozley & W.


Ex*pend"iture (?), n.

1. The act of expending; a laying out, as of money; disbursement.

our expenditure purchased commerce and conquest. Burke.

2. That which is expended or paid out; expense.

The receipts and expenditures of this extensive country. A. Hamilton.


Ex*pense"ful (?), a. Full of expense; costly; chargeable. [R.] Sir H. Wotton. -- Ex*pense"ful*ly, adv. [R.] -- Ex*pense"ful*ness, n. [R.]


Ex*pense"less, a. Without cost or expense.


Ex*pen"sive (?), a.

1. Occasioning expense; calling for liberal outlay; costly; dear; liberal; as, expensive dress; an expensive house or family.

War is expensive, and peace desirable. Burke.

2. Free in expending; very liberal; especially, in a bad scene; extravagant; lavish. [R.]

An active, expensive, indefatigable goodness. Sprat.

The idle and expensive are dangerous. Sir W. Temple.

Syn. -- Costly; dear; high-priced; lavish; extravagant. -- Ex*pen"sive*ly, adv. -- Ex*pen"sive*ness, n.


Ex*pe"ri*ence (?), n. [F. expérience, L. experientia, tr. experiens, entis, p. pr. of experiri, expertus, to try; ex out + the root of pertus experienced. See Peril, and cf. Expert.]

1. Trial, as a test or experiment. [Obs.]

She caused him to make experience Upon wild beasts. Spenser.

2. The effect upon the judgment or feelings produced by any event, whether witnessed or participated in; personal and direct impressions as contrasted with description or fancies; personal acquaintance; actual enjoyment or suffering. Guided by other's experiences." Shak.

I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. P. Henry

To most men experience is like the stern lights of a ship, which illumine only the track it has passed. Coleridge.

When the consuls . . . came in . . . they knew soon by experience how slenderly guarded against danger the majesty of rulers is where force is wanting. Holland.

Those that undertook the religion of our Savior upon his preaching, had no experience of it. Sharp.

3. An act of knowledge, one or more, by which single facts or general truths are ascertained; experimental or inductive knowledge; hence, implying skill, facility, or practical wisdom gained by personal knowledge, feeling or action; as, a king without experience of war.

Whence hath the mind all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer in one word, from experience. Locke.

Experience may be acquired in two ways; either, first by noticing facts without any attempt to influence the frequency of their occurrence or to vary the circumstances under which they occur; this is observation; or, secondly, by putting in action causes or agents over which we have control, and purposely varying their combinations, and noticing what effects take place; this is experiment. Sir J. Herschel.


Ex*re"ri*ence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Experienced (-enst); p. pr. & vb. n. Experiencing (-en-s?ng).]

1. To make practical acquaintance with; to try personally; to prove by use or trial; to have trial of; to have the lot or fortune of; to have befall one; to be affected by; to feel; as, to experience pain or pleasure; to experience poverty; to experience a change of views.

The partial failure and disappointment which he had experienced in India. Thirwall.

2. To exercise; to train by practice.

The youthful sailors thus with early care

Their arms experience, and for sea prepare. Harte.

To experience religion (Theol.), to become a convert to the diatribes of Christianity; to yield to the power of religions truth.


Ex*pe"ri*enced (-enst), p. p. & a. Taught by practice or by repeated observations; skillful or wise by means of trials, use, or observation; as, an experienced physician, workman, soldier; an experienced eye.

The ablest and most experienced statesmen. Bancroft.


Ex*pe"ri*en*cer (-en-s?r), n.

1. One who experiences.

2. An experimenter. [Obs.] Sir. K. Gigby.


Ex*pe"ri*ent (-ent), a. Experienced. [Obs.]

The prince now ripe and full experient. Beau & Fl.


Ex*pe`ri*en"tial (?), a. Derived from, or pertaining to, experience. Coleridge.

It is called empirical or experiential . . . because it is divan to us by experience or observation, and not obtained as the result of inference or reasoning. Sir. W. Hamiltion.

-- Ex*pe`ri*en"tial*ly, adv. DR. H. More.


Ex*pe`ri*en"tial*ism (?), n. (Philos.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionists.

Experientialism is in short, a philosophical or logical theory, not a philosophical one. G. C. Robertson.


Ex*pe`ri*en"tial*list, n. One who accepts the doctrine of experientialism. Also used adjectively.


Ex*per"i*ment (?), n. [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See Experience.]

1. Atrial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggest or known truth; practical test; poof.

A political experiment can not be made in a laboratory, not determinant in a few hours. J. Adams.

2. Experience. [Obs.]

Adam, by sad experiment I know How little weight my words with thee can find. Milton.


Ex*per"i*ment (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Experimented; p. pr. & vb. n. Experinenting.] To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.


Ex*per"i*ment, v.t, To try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial experience. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.


Ex*per`i*men"tal (?), a. [Cf.F. expérimental.]

1. Pertaining to experiment; founded on, or derived from, experiment or trial; as, experimental science; given to, or skilled in, experiment; as, an experimental philosopher.

2. Known by, or derived from, experience; as, experimental religion.


Ex*per`i*me"tal*ist, n. One who makes experiments; an experimenter. Whaterly.


Ex*per`i*men"tal*ize (?), v. i. To make experiments (upon); to experiment. J. S. Mill.


Ex*per`i*men"tal*ly (?), adv. By experiment; by experience or trial. J. S. Mill.


Ex*per`i*men*ta"ri*an (?), a. Relying on experiment or experience. an experimentarian philosopher." Boyle. -- n. One who relies on experiment or experience. [Obs.]


Ex*per`i*men*ta"tion (?), n. The act of experimenting; practice by experiment. J. S. Mill.