Wiktionary:Word of the day/Recycled pages/January

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1

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Word of the day
for January 1
calends n
  1. Often with initial capital: the first day of a month, particularly (Ancient Rome, historical) the first day of a month of the Roman calendar.
  2. (by extension) A day for settling debts and other accounts.
  3. (by extension, biblical, Judaism, obsolete) Synonym of Rosh Hodesh (the Jewish festival of the new moon, which begins the months of the Hebrew calendar)
  4. (rare) Synonym of calendar; (figuratively) an account, a record.
  5. (figuratively, obsolete) The first day of something; a beginning.

PointingHand.svg Happy New Year from all of us at the English Wiktionary!

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2

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Word of the day
for January 2
tumultuous adj
  1. Characterized by loud, confused noise.
  2. Causing or characterized by tumult; chaotic, disorderly, turbulent.
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3

4

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Word of the day
for January 4
shorthand n
  1. A rough and rapid method of writing by substituting symbols for letters, words, etc.
  2. (by extension) Any brief or shortened way of saying or doing something.

PointingHand.svg Sir Isaac Pitman, who developed the widely used shorthand system now known as Pitman shorthand, was born on this day in 1813.

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5

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Word of the day
for January 5
coryphée n
  1. Synonym of coryphaeus
    1. (Ancient Greece, drama, historical) The conductor or leader of the chorus of a drama.
    2. (by extension) The chief or leader of an interest or party.
  2. (ballet) A ballet dancer ranking above a member of the corps de ballet and below a soloist.

PointingHand.svg The African-American dancer, choreographer, and director Alvin Ailey was born on this day in 1931. His work fused ballet, modern dance, jazz, and theatre with black vernacular.

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6

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Word of the day
for January 6
Slavi proper n
  1. The Russian Orthodox Christmas, which is celebrated from January 6 through 13 in outstate Alaska, USA, wherever there is a sizable Russian Orthodox population.
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7

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Word of the day
for January 7
to say nothing of conj
  1. (idiomatic) An apophasis used to mention another important, usually related, point: not taking into account, not to mention, without considering.
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8

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Word of the day
for January 8
mind-boggling adj
  1. That causes the mind to boggle; that is beyond one's ability to understand or figure out.
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9

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Word of the day
for January 9
cryptodepression n
  1. (geography, limnology) The portion of a lake which lies below sea level.

PointingHand.svg The cryptocurrency Bitcoin was first issued ten years ago on this day in 2009.

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10

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Word of the day
for January 10
blooper n
  1. (informal) A blunder, an error.
  2. (baseball, slang) A fly ball that is weakly hit just over the infielders.
  3. (film, informal) A filmed or videotaped outtake that has recorded an amusing accident and/or mistake.
  4. (nautical) A gaff-rigged fore-and-aft sail set from and aft of the aftmost mast of a square-rigged ship; a spanker.
  5. (US, dated) A radio which interferes with other radios, causing them to bloop (squeal loudly).

PointingHand.svg The American comedy television series Foul-Ups, Bleeps & Blunders, which featured bloopers from popular movies and TV programs, was first broadcast on this day 35 years ago in 1984.

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11

12

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Word of the day
for January 12
charlotte russe n
  1. A dessert of custard or whipped cream enclosed in sponge cake, often in the form of ladyfingers.

PointingHand.svg French chef Marie-Antoine Carême, who is supposed to have created the dish and named it in honour of his employer Alexander I of Russia, was born on this day in 1833.

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13

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Word of the day
for January 13
walk-on girl n
  1. (darts) A woman who escorts a player to the stage at a darts event.

PointingHand.svg The final of the Lakeside World Darts Championship organized by the British Darts Organisation takes place today in 2019.

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14

15

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Word of the day
for January 15
field of vision n
  1. The area that a person, an animal, etc., can see with its eyes (or each eye individually) without turning the head.
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16

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Word of the day
for January 16
bounden adj
  1. (dated) Now chiefly in the term bounden duty: made obligatory; binding.
  2. (obsolete) Bound.
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17

18

19

20

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Word of the day
for January 20
acquit v
  1. (transitive) To declare or find innocent or not guilty.
  2. (transitive) To discharge (for example, a claim or debt); to clear off, to pay off; to fulfil.
  3. (transitive) Followed by of (and formerly by from): to discharge, release, or set free from a burden, duty, liability, or obligation, or from an accusation or charge.
  4. (reflexive) To bear or conduct oneself; to perform one's part.
  5. (reflexive) To clear oneself.
  6. (transitive, archaic) past participle of acquit.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To release, to rescue, to set free.
  8. (transitive, obsolete, rare) To pay for; to atone for.
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21

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Word of the day
for January 21
pomander n
  1. (countable, uncountable, historical) A mixture of aromatic substances, made into a ball and carried by a person to impart a sweet smell or as a protection against infection.
  2. (countable, historical) A small case in which an aromatic ball was carried.
  3. (countable) A perforated container filled with pot-pourri for placing in a drawer, wardrobe, room, etc., to provide a sweet smell.
  4. (countable) An apple or orange studded with cloves used for the same purpose.
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22

23

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Word of the day
for January 23
gigot n
  1. A leg of lamb or mutton.
  2. (fashion) Short for gigot sleeve (a type of sleeve shaped like a leg of mutton).
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24

25

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Word of the day
for January 25
Burns night n
  1. An event held on the evening of 25th January in celebration of the Scottish poet and lyricist Robert Burns (born on that day in 1759), usually involving Scottish foods and recitals of his poetry.
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26

27

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Word of the day
for January 27
looking glass n
  1. A piece of glass with a reflective surface that one may look into to see an image of oneself; a mirror.
  2. A way into a bizarre world.

PointingHand.svg English writer and mathematician Lewis Carroll, the author of the children’s novel Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871), was born on this day in 1832.

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28

29

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Word of the day
for January 29
Rafflesian adj
  1. Of or relating to Sir Stamford Raffles, a British colonial statesman known for his founding of modern Singapore and British Malaya.
  2. (Singapore) Of or relating to an educational institution named after Sir Stamford Raffles.

Rafflesian n

  1. (Singapore) A current or former student of an educational institution named after Sir Stamford Raffles.

PointingHand.svg Today is the bicentennial of the day in 1819 when Sir Stamford Raffles sailed up the Singapore River and landed on the main island of Singapore, having visited Saint John’s Island the previous day.

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30

31

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Word of the day
for January 31
Tiggerish adj
  1. (Britain) (Excessively) cheerful and exuberant; bouncy.

PointingHand.svg The English author A. A. Milne, who created the character Tigger in his works about Winnie-the-Pooh, died on this day in 1956.

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