Wiktionary:Word of the day/Recycled pages/October

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1

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Word of the day for October 1
songcraft n
  1. (music) The practice or skill of crafting or composing songs.
PointingHand.svg Today is designated International Music Day by the International Music Council to promote musical art among all sections of society, among other things. It was established in 1975 by violinist and conductor Yehudi Menuhin, who was President of the Council at the time.

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2

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Word of the day for October 2
drawing board n
  1. A plane surface or table to which paper can be fastened for drawing purposes.
  2. (figuratively) The planning stage of a project.
PointingHand.svg Today, the first Monday of October in 2017, is designated as World Architecture Day by the International Union of Architects.

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3

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Word of the day for October 3
Männlein n
  1. A little man; a dwarf, a mannikin.
PointingHand.svg Today is Tag der Deutschen Einheit (German Unity Day), which commemorates the anniversary of German Reunification in 1990.

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4

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Word of the day for October 4
Sputnik moment n
  1. The moment when a country or a society realizes that it needs to catch up with apparent technological and scientific developments made by some other country or countries by increasing its investment into education, innovative research and development, etc.
PointingHand.svg On this day in 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial Earth satellite, into space, triggering the Space Race between it and the United States.

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5

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Word of the day for October 5
tutelary adj
  1. Having guardianship or protection.
  2. Of or pertaining to guardians.
  3. Having the qualities of a tutor.
PointingHand.svg Today is World Teachers' Day. A big “thank you” to all teachers for their hard work!

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6

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Word of the day for October 6
dissident adj
  1. In a manner that disagrees; dissenting; discordant; different.

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7

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Word of the day for October 7
Down syndrome proper n
  1. (neurology, chiefly US) A medical condition caused by a chromosomal excess, whereby the patients bear a certain resemblance to the Mongoloid race, such as a small head and tilted eyelids, and typically have a delay in cognitive ability and physical growth.
PointingHand.svg John Langdon Down, the English physician who first described the condition as a distinct form of mental disability in the 1860s, died on this day in 1896.

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8

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Word of the day for October 8
John Hancock n
  1. (idiomatic) A signature.
PointingHand.svg American merchant and statesman John Hancock, who was the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence with his elaborate and prominent signature, died on this day in 1793.

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9

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Word of the day for October 9
up sticks v
  1. (Britain, sailing, slang) To put up the mast of a ship in preparation for sailing.
  2. (Britain, figuratively, colloquial) To prepare to move; to pack up; to go and live in a different place.

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10

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Word of the day for October 10
biannual adj
  1. Occurring twice a year; semiannual.
  2. (proscribed, through conflation with biennial) Occurring once every two years; biennial.

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11

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Word of the day for October 11
surrey n
  1. (historical) A light horse-drawn carriage with forward-facing seats accommodating two or four people, popular in the United States; a motorized carriage of similar design.
PointingHand.svg The musical film Oklahoma! featuring songs by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, including “The Surrey with the Fringe on Top”, premiered on this day in 1955.

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12

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Word of the day for October 12
mantilla n
  1. A lace veil of Spanish origin worn over a woman's hair and shoulders.
  2. A woman's light cloak or cape made of silk, velvet, lace, or other material.
PointingHand.svg Today is the Fiesta Nacional de España, the national day of Spain which celebrates Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492.

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13

14

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Word of the day for October 14
sich n
  1. (historical) An administrative and military centre for the Zaporozhian and Danube Cossacks.
PointingHand.svg Today is Defender of Ukraine Day, which was first celebrated in 2015 following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

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15

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Word of the day for October 15
chasma n
  1. (astronomy, geology) A long, narrow, steep-sided depression on a planet (often other than Earth), a moon, or another body in the Solar System.
  2. (astronomy, obsolete, rare) An aurora.
  3. Obsolete form of chasm.
PointingHand.svg The Cassini–Huygens space probe was launched on this day 20 years ago in 1997 to study the planet Saturn. During its closest approach to the moon Tethys on 24 September 2005, it photographed the Ithaca Chasma, one of the longer valleys in the Solar System.

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16

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Word of the day for October 16
food desert n
  1. Somewhere where food, especially healthy food, is difficult to obtain.
PointingHand.svg Today is World Food Day.

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17

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Word of the day for October 17
chiromancer n
  1. One who practices chiromancy; a palm reader.

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18

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Word of the day for October 18
chintzy adj
  1. Of or decorated with chintz.
  2. (figuratively) Tastelessly showy; cheap, gaudy, or tacky.
  3. (figuratively) Excessively reluctant to spend; miserly, stingy.

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19

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Word of the day for October 19
Pullman n
  1. (rail transport, US) A railroad passenger car; especially one of the luxurious ones named after the eponymous Pullman Palace Car Company.
  2. A train made up of Pullman coaches.
PointingHand.svg American engineer and industrialist George Pullman, who founded the Pullman Palace Car Company, died on this day in 1897.

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20

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Word of the day for October 20
creature comfort n
  1. (idiomatic, often plural) Any small item or detail that makes a person feel comfortable and at home.

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21

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Word of the day for October 21
parking ticket n
  1. A legal summons issued for parking a motor vehicle in a place where such parking is restricted, or beyond the time paid for.
  2. A small ticket issued as proof of payment for the right to park a motor vehicle.

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22

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Word of the day for October 22
rhubarb n
  1. Any plant of the genus Rheum, especially Rheum rharbarbarum, having large leaves and long green or reddish acidic leafstalks that are edible, in particular when cooked (although the leaves are mildly poisonous).
  2. (often attributive) The leafstalks of common rhubarb or garden rhubarb (usually known as Rheum × hybridum), which are long, fleshy, often pale red, and with a tart taste, used as a food ingredient; they are frequently stewed with sugar and made into jam or used in crumbles, pies, etc. []
  3. (Britain, military, historical) A Royal Air Force World War II code name for operations by aircraft (fighters and fighter-bombers) involving low-level flight to seek opportunistic targets. []
  4. (originally theater, uncountable) General background noise caused by several simultaneous indecipherable conversations, which is created in films, stage plays, etc., by actors repeating the word rhubarb; hence, such noise in other settings; rhubarb rhubarb, rhubarb rhubarb rhubarb.
  5. (US, originally baseball, countable) An excited, angry exchange of words, especially at a sporting event.
  6. (US, originally baseball, by extension, countable) A brawl.
PointingHand.svg American sports commentator Red Barber, who popularized the baseball senses of the word, died on this day 25 years ago in 1992.

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23

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Word of the day for October 23
atom n
  1. (now historical) The smallest medieval unit of time, equal to fifteen ninety-fourths of a second. [from 10th c.]
  2. (history of science) A hypothetical particle posited by Greek philosophers as an ultimate and indivisible component of matter. [from 15th c.]
  3. (chemistry, physics) The smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. [from 16th c.]
  4. (now generally regarded figuratively) The smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something. [from 17th c.]
  5. A mote of dust in a sunbeam. [from 16th c.]
  6. A very small amount (of something immaterial); a whit. [from 17th c.]
  7. (computing, programming, Lisp) An individual number or symbol, as opposed to a list; a scalar value.
  8. (mathematics) A non-zero member of a Boolean algebra that is not a union of any other elements. [from 20th c.]
PointingHand.svg The DC Comics title Justice League of America made its debut this month in 1960.

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24

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Word of the day for October 24
batman n
  1. (historical) A unit of mass used in the Ottoman Empire and among Turkic peoples of the Russian Empire, the value of which varied from place to place throughout history. In the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century it was equal to six okas (16 pounds 8 ounces avoirdupois; 7.484 kilograms), and when the Turkish system of weights and measures was metricated in 1931 the oka was fixed at 1 kilogram and the batman at 10 okas (10 kilograms).
PointingHand.svg The DC Comics title Justice League of America made its debut this month in 1960.

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25

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Word of the day for October 25
flash v
  1. To briefly illuminate a scene.
  2. To blink; to shine or illuminate intermittently.
  3. To be visible briefly. []
  4. (transitive, intransitive, informal) To briefly, and in most cases inadvertently, expose one's naked body or underwear, or part of it, in public. (Contrast streak.)
  5. (figuratively) To break forth like a sudden flood of light; to show a momentary brilliance.
  6. To flaunt; to display in a showy manner.
  7. To communicate quickly.
  8. To move, or cause to move, suddenly.
  9. (transitive) To telephone a person, only allowing the phone to ring once, in order to request a call back. []
PointingHand.svg The DC Comics title Justice League of America made its debut this month in 1960.

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26

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Word of the day for October 26
superman n
  1. (chiefly philosophy) An imagined superior type of human being representing a new stage of human development; an übermensch, an overman.
  2. A person of extraordinary or seemingly superhuman powers.
PointingHand.svg The DC Comics title Justice League of America made its debut this month in 1960.

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27

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Word of the day for October 27
Wonder Woman n
  1. (by extension of the proper noun) A woman of extraordinary powers; a superwoman.
PointingHand.svg The DC Comics title Justice League of America made its debut this month in 1960.

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28

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Word of the day for October 28
Attic salt n
  1. (idiomatic) Pointed and delicate wit.
PointingHand.svg Today is Ohi Day (Anniversary of the “No”) in Greece, which marks the rejection by Ioannis Metaxas of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini’s ultimatum in 1940 during World War II to allow Axis forces to enter Greek territory.

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29

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Word of the day for October 29
shoe-leather adj
  1. Basic, old-fashioned or traditional; specifically (journalism) shoe-leather journalism or shoe-leather reporting: journalism involving walking from place to place observing things and speaking to people, rather than sitting indoors at a desk.
PointingHand.svg Today is the 105th anniversary of the death of American-Hungarian newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer in 1911. Pulitzer left money in his will to establish the Pulitzer Prizes, which are awarded annually for journalism, literature and music.

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30

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Word of the day for October 30
parge n
  1. (construction) A coat of cement mortar on the face of rough masonry, the earth side of foundation and basement walls.

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31

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Word of the day for October 31
barghest n
  1. (mythology, Britain) A legendary monstrous black dog, said to possess large teeth and claws, and (sometimes) to be capable of changing form.
  2. (mythology, Britain) Any ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
PointingHand.svg Boo! Happy Halloween!

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