From Middle English Wynchester, Winchestre, from Old English Wintanċeastre, from Latin Venta Belgārum (literally “Venta of the Belgae”), perhaps ultimately from Proto-Celtic *wentā (“town, place”), Proto-Indo-European *h₁wen- (“place (?)”) + Old English ċeastre, from Latin castra (“camp”).
- A city in and the county town of Hampshire, England.
- Any of the towns named after it, including:
- A census-designated place in Riverside County, California, United States.
- A city, the county seat of Scott County, Illinois, United States.
- A home rule city, the county seat of Clark County, Kentucky, United States.
- A town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
- A census-designated place in Clark County, Nevada, United States.
- A city, the county seat of Franklin County, Tennessee, United States.
- A city, the county seat of Frederick County, Virginia, United States.
- A small town in Timaru District, Canterbury, New Zealand.
- A habitational surname from Old English.
Winchester (plural Winchesters)
- A Winchester rifle, typically a lever-action repeater.
- Synonym: Win
- H. Rider Haggard, King Solomon's Mines
- "Give me my express," I said, laying down the Winchester, and he handed it to me cocked.
- 2008, James M. Smallwood, The Feud That Wasn't, page 167:
- Almost simultaneously Jim Taylor and Kit Hunter shot at each other with Winchesters.
- A bottle holding a Winchester quart.
- (computing, dated) A hard disk.
- Synonym: Winchester disk
- 1984, PC Mag (volume 3, number 2, 7 February 1984, page 234)
- And besides, Winchesters of the nonremovable sort work fine—why bother complicating things with cartridges […]