Xerxes

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English

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Ξέρξης (Xérxēs), from Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 (x-š-y-a-r-š-a /⁠Xšayāršā⁠/, ruler among kings). Doublet of Ahasuerus.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Xerxes (plural Xerxeses)

  1. (historical) Xerxes I, a Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty who reigned 485-465 BC.
  2. (historical) Xerxes II, a Persian king who ruled for 45 days in 424 BC before being assassinated.
  3. A male given name from Old Persian mainly applied to historical and fictional characters.

Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

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Further reading

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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Xerxes m

  1. Xerxes

Latin

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Ξέρξης (Xérxēs).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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Xerxēs m sg (variously declined, genitive Xerxae or Xerxis); first declension, third declension

  1. Xerxes (specifically Xerxes I)

Declension

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Both first- and third-declension forms are found:

First-declension noun (masculine Greek-type with nominative singular in -ēs), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Xerxēs
Genitive Xerxae
Dative Xerxae
Accusative Xerxēn
Ablative Xerxē
Vocative Xerxē

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Xerxēs
Genitive Xerxis
Dative Xerxī
Accusative Xerxem
Ablative Xerxe
Vocative Xerxēs

Descendants

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  • Czech: Xerxes, Xerxés
  • Dutch: Xerxes
  • English: Xerxes (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnish: Kserkses
  • French: Xerxès
  • Hungarian: Xerxész
  • Italian: Serse
  • Latvian: Kserkss
  • Portuguese: Xerxes
  • Spanish: Jerjes (see there for further descendants)

References

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  • Xerxes”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Xerxes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Further reading

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek Ξέρξης (Xérxēs), from Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 (x-š-y-a-r-š-a /⁠Xšayāršā⁠/, ruler among kings). Doublet of Assuero, via Hebrew.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Xerxes m

  1. Xerxes (name of various Persian emperors)