abdomen

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See also: Abdomen, abdómen, and abdômen

English[edit]

Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1541.[1] Borrowed from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dĕre (to put, place).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen (plural abdomens or abdomina)

  1. (obsolete) The fat surrounding the belly. [mid 16th c. – late 17th c.][2]
  2. (anatomy) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, not including the back; or in some lower vertebrates, the portion between the cardiac and caudal regions. [from early 17th c.][2]
    Synonyms: belly, tummy, (informal) stomach; see also Thesaurus:belly
  3. (anatomy) The cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the viscera; often restricted in humans to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity. [from early 17th c.][2]
    He was all bent over complaining of pains in the abdomen.
  4. (zoology, entomology) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda. [from late 18th c.][2]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abdomen”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 3.

Further reading[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: abdo‧men

Noun[edit]

abdomen (plural abdomina or abdomens, diminutive abdomentjie)

  1. (anatomy) abdomen

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdòmens)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdomens)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch abdomen, from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdōmen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dere (to put, place).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mən] (Standard)
  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mɛn] (Latinised)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧mên

Noun[edit]

abdomên (first-person possessive abdomenku, second-person possessive abdomenmu, third-person possessive abdomennya)

  1. (anatomy, entomology, zoology) abdomen

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unclear origin; often suggested to be from abdō (to hide, conceal) +‎ -men, though de Vaan doesn't find this convincing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdōmen n (genitive abdōminis); third declension

  1. (anatomy) belly, abdomen
  2. (by extension of meaning) gluttony

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative abdōmen abdōmina
Genitive abdōminis abdōminum
Dative abdōminī abdōminibus
Accusative abdōmen abdōmina
Ablative abdōmine abdōminibus
Vocative abdōmen abdōmina

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen (Jawi spelling ابدومن‎, plural abdomen-abdomen, informal 1st possessive abdomenku, impolite 2nd possessive abdomenmu, 3rd possessive abdomennya)

  1. abdomen (belly)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen (belly, abdomen; gluttony), possibly from both abdō (I hide, conceal), from ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) (+ the ending *dō (put), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to do, put, place)) + and from -men (forms neuter nouns), from Proto-Italic *-men, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈduːmən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ən
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

Noun[edit]

abdomen n (definite singular abdomenet, indefinite plural abdomen or abdomina, definite plural abdomena or abdomenene or abdominaene)

  1. (anatomy, entomology) abdomen, belly (or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis)
    • 2005 April 7, tidsskriftet.no (Tidsskrift for Den norske lægeforening):
      computertomografi ved akutt abdomen
      computed tomography of the acute abdomen
    • 1974, Knut Faldbakken, Uår. Aftenlandet, page 175:
      Mary Diamonds tronende abdomen
      Mary Diamonds enthroned abdomen
    • 1997, Liv Køltzow, Verden forsvinner, page 98:
      en henvisning til ultralyd abdomen og nyrer
      a reference to ultrasound of the abdomen and kidneys
    Synonyms: buk, underliv
  2. (zoology, entomology) abdomen (the posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda)
    Synonym: bakkropp

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m inan

  1. (anatomy) abdomen (of a person)
    Synonym: brzuch
  2. (arthropod anatomy) abdomen (of an insect)
    Synonym: odwłok

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective

Further reading[edit]

  • abdomen in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • abdomen in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French abdomen, Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen n (plural abdomene)

  1. (anatomy) abdomen, belly
    Synonyms: burtă, pântece, vintre

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abdǒːmen/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

Noun[edit]

abdómen m (Cyrillic spelling абдо́мен)

  1. abdomen

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈdomen/, [aβ̞ˈð̞o.mẽn]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdómenes)

  1. abdomen
    Synonym: vientre

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Noun[edit]

abdomen (definite accusative abdomeni, plural abdomenler)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Nişanyan Sözlük: "abdomen"