abdomen

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See also: Abdomen, abdómen, and abdômen

English[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1541.[1] Borrowed from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dĕre (to put, place).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen (plural abdomens or abdomina)

  1. (obsolete) The fat surrounding the belly. [mid 16th c. – late 17th c.][2]
  2. (anatomy) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, not including the back; or in some lower vertebrates, the portion between the cardiac and caudal regions. [from early 17th c.][2]
    Synonyms: belly, tummy, stomach (informal); see also Thesaurus:belly
  3. (anatomy) The cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the viscera; often restricted in humans to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity. [from early 17th c.][2]
    He was all bent over complaining of pains in the abdomen.
  4. (zoology, entomology) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda. [from late 18th c.][2]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • abdomen at OneLook Dictionary Search
  1. 1.0 1.1 Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002) , “abdomen”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 3

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdòmens)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdomens)

  1. abdomen

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch abdomen, from Middle French abdomen, from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + *dere (to put, place).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mən] (Standard)
  • IPA(key): [apˈdo.mɛn] (Latinised)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧mên

Noun[edit]

abdomên (plural, first-person possessive abdomenku, second-person possessive abdomenmu, third-person possessive abdomennya)

  1. (anatomy, entomology, zoology) abdomen.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unclear origin; often suggested to be from abdō (to hide, conceal) +‎ -men, though de Vaan doesn't find this convincing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdōmen n (genitive abdōminis); third declension

  1. (anatomy) belly, abdomen
  2. (by extension of meaning) gluttony

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative abdōmen abdōmina
Genitive abdōminis abdōminum
Dative abdōminī abdōminibus
Accusative abdōmen abdōmina
Ablative abdōmine abdōminibus
Vocative abdōmen abdōmina

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • abdomen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abdomen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abdomen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen (Jawi spelling ابدومن‎, plural abdomen-abdomen, informal 1st possessive abdomenku, impolite 2nd possessive abdomenmu, 3rd possessive abdomennya)

  1. Abdomen (belly)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen ("belly, abdomen"), of uncertain origin, possibly abdō (to hide, conceal) +‎ -men, from Proto-Italic *-men, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈduːmən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ən
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

Noun[edit]

abdomen n (definite singular abdomenet, indefinite plural abdomen or abdomina, definite plural abdomena or abdomenene or abdominaene)

  1. (anatomy, entomology) abdomen (the belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis)
    • 2005 April 7, tidsskriftet.no (Tidsskrift for Den norske lægeforening):
      computertomografi ved akutt abdomen
      computed tomography of the acute abdomen
    • 1974, Knut Faldbakken, Uår. Aftenlandet, page 175:
      Mary Diamonds tronende abdomen
      Mary Diamonds enthroned abdomen
    • 1997, Liv Køltzow, Verden forsvinner, page 98:
      en henvisning til ultralyd abdomen og nyrer
      a reference to ultrasound of the abdomen and kidneys
    Synonyms: buk, underliv
  2. (zoology, entomology) abdomen (the posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda)
    Synonym: bakkropp

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m inan

  1. (anatomy) abdomen of a person
    Synonym: brzuch
  2. (arthropod anatomy) abdomen of an insect
    Synonym: odwłok

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • abdomen in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • abdomen in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French abdomen, Latin abdomen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen n (plural abdomene)

  1. (anatomy) abdomen, belly
    Synonyms: burtă, pântece, vintre

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abdǒːmen/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

Noun[edit]

abdómen m (Cyrillic spelling абдо́мен)

  1. abdomen

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈdomen/, [aβ̞ˈð̞o.mẽn]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdómenes)

  1. abdomen
    Synonym: vientre

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abdōmen.

Noun[edit]

abdomen (definite accusative abdomeni, plural abdomenler)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Nişanyan Sözlük: "abdomen"