aberrant

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aberrāns, present active participle of aberrō (go astray; err), from ab (from) + errō (to wander).[1] See aberr.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ə.ˈbɛ.ɹənt/, /ˈæ.bə.ɹənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ə.ˈbɛ.ɹənt/, /ˈæ.bə.ɹənt/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

aberrant (comparative more aberrant, superlative most aberrant)

  1. Differing from the norm. [First attested sometime between the mid 16th century and the early 17th century.][3]
  2. (sometimes figuratively) Straying from the right way; deviating from morality or truth. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][3]
  3. (botany, zoology) Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional; abnormal. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][3]
    • 1859, Charles Darwin, On the Origin of the Species:
      The more aberrant any form is, the greater must have been the number of connecting forms which, on my theory, have been exterminated.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

aberrant (plural aberrants)

  1. A person or object that deviates from the rest of a group.
  2. (biology) A group, individual, or structure that deviates from the usual or natural type, especially with an atypical chromosome number.
    • 1980, Bill Oddie, Bill Oddie's Little Black Bird Book, page 87:
      Also I think other birders realise you are struggling a bit when you start talking about aberrants[.]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aberrant at Dictionary.com
  2. ^ “aberrant” in the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 1974 edition.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002) , “aberrant”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 4

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aberrāns, present active participle of aberrō (go astray; err).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aberrant (masculine and feminine plural aberrants)

  1. aberrant
  2. (pathology) aberrant (indicating an organ or other tissue which is not in its expected location)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aberrant-, stem of aberrāns, present active participle of aberrō (go astray; err).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aberrant (feminine singular aberrante, masculine plural aberrants, feminine plural aberrantes)

  1. aberrant, abnormal or anomalous
  2. (sciences) which is impossible according to the norms or rules

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aberrāns, present active participle of aberrō (go astray; err).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aberrant (comparative aberranter, superlative am aberrantesten)

  1. aberrant

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aberrant

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of aberrō

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aberrāns (wandering, straying or deviating from), present active participle of aberrō (wander, stray from), from both ab (away), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from errō (wander), from Proto-Italic *erzāō (to roam, wander), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ers- (to flow). The noun is a substantivisation of the adjective.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abəˈrant/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ant
  • Hyphenation: ab‧err‧ant

Adjective[edit]

aberrant (neuter singular aberrant, definite singular and plural aberrante, comparative mer aberrant, superlative mest aberrant)

  1. (especially medicine) aberrant (deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional; abnormal)
    • 2007 November 15, Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening[tidsskriftet.no]:
      aberrant lymfedrenasje og lymfeknutespredning kan forekomme
      aberrant lymphatic drainage and lymph node spread may occur

Noun[edit]

aberrant m (definite singular aberranten, indefinite plural aberranter, definite plural aberrantene)

  1. (botany, zoology) an aberrant (a group, individual, or structure that deviates from the usual or natural type, especially with an atypical chromosome number)

References[edit]