abicio

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ab- (from, down or away from) +‎ iaciō (throw, hurl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abiciō (present infinitive abicere, perfect active abiēcī, supine abiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I throw or hurl down or away, cast or push away or aside.
  2. I give up, abandon; expose; discard.
  3. I humble, degrade, reduce, lower, cast down.
  4. I overthrow, vanquish.
  5. I sell cheaply, undervalue; waste; degrade, belittle.
  6. (with se) I throw myself on the ground; throw myself away, degrade myself, give up in despair.
  7. (of weapons) I discharge, fling, hurl, cast, throw.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of abicio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abiciō abicis abicit abicimus abicitis abiciunt
imperfect abiciēbam abiciēbās abiciēbat abiciēbāmus abiciēbātis abiciēbant
future abiciam abiciēs abiciet abiciēmus abiciētis abicient
perfect abiēcī abiēcistī abiēcit abiēcimus abiēcistis abiēcērunt, abiēcēre
pluperfect abiēceram abiēcerās abiēcerat abiēcerāmus abiēcerātis abiēcerant
future perfect abiēcerō abiēceris abiēcerit abiēcerimus abiēceritis abiēcerint
passive present abicior abiceris, abicere abicitur abicimur abiciminī abiciuntur
imperfect abiciēbar abiciēbāris, abiciēbāre abiciēbātur abiciēbāmur abiciēbāminī abiciēbantur
future abiciar abiciēris, abiciēre abiciētur abiciēmur abiciēminī abicientur
perfect abiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abiciam abiciās abiciat abiciāmus abiciātis abiciant
imperfect abicerem abicerēs abiceret abicerēmus abicerētis abicerent
perfect abiēcerim abiēcerīs abiēcerit abiēcerīmus abiēcerītis abiēcerint
pluperfect abiēcissem abiēcissēs abiēcisset abiēcissēmus abiēcissētis abiēcissent
passive present abiciar abiciāris, abiciāre abiciātur abiciāmur abiciāminī abiciantur
imperfect abicerer abicerēris, abicerēre abicerētur abicerēmur abicerēminī abicerentur
perfect abiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abice abicite
future abicitō abicitō abicitōte abiciuntō
passive present abicere abiciminī
future abicitor abicitor abiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abicere abiēcisse abiectūrus esse abicī abiectus esse abiectum īrī
participles abiciēns abiectūrus abiectus abiciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
abicere abiciendī abiciendō abiciendum abiectum abiectū

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • abicio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abicio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abicio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to throw oneself at some one's feet: ad pedes alicuius se proicere, se abicere, procumbere, se prosternere
    • to study the commonplace: cogitationes in res humiles abicere (De Amic. 9. 32) (Opp. alte spectare, ad altiora tendere, altum, magnificum, divinum suspicere)
    • to let a plan fall through: consilium abicere or deponere
    • to picture to oneself again: memoriam alicuius rei repraesentare (opp. memoriam alicuius rei deponere, abicere)
    • to banish grief: dolorem abicere, deponere, depellere
    • to banish one's fears: abicere, omittere timorem
    • to give up hoping: spem abicere, deponere
    • to be quite insensible to all feelings of humanity: omnem humanitatem exuisse, abiecisse (Lig. 5. 14)
    • to throw away one's arms: arma abicere